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]qt´m¸nse sXm§Â¸q¡Ä
koa kptcjv

Akn. UbdIvSÀ. IrjnhIp¸v , Xncph\´]pcw


th\¨qSnsâ AkzØXIÄ¡nSbnepw \ndsb ]q ]nSn¡p¶ kz`mhw "tP¡_n\nb' F¶ sXm§Â¸q¡sf DjvWtaJem {]tZi§Ä¡v IqSpX {]nbs¸«Xm¡p¶p. DjvWtaJemImemhØ \ne\n¡p¶ CS§fnseÃmw C¶v tP¡_n\nb DZym\§fn F¯p¶Xpw CXpsImWvSmWv. tIcf¯nepw CXv ]ebnS§fnepw DZym\§Ä¡v N´w ]Icp¶p; CXnsâ ssXIÄ kpe`ambn e`n¡pIIbpw sN¿p¶p.

]q¡fmWv A{X BIÀjIaÃm¯ Cu ]qs¨SnbpsS apX¡q«v F¶p ]dbmw. shÅ, ]n¦v, Nph¸v, Hmd©v, ]À¸nÄ, aª F¶n§s\ hnhn[ \nd§fn Ipg t]mse \oWvS ]q¡Ä hnScp¶p. ]q¯WvSnsâ a[y`mK¯p\n¶v ]pdt¯¡p Xpd¡p¶ {Ia¯nemWv ]q¡Ä {IaoIcn¨ncn¡p¶Xv. ]qhnsâ hmbvh¯n\pw hÃm¯ an\pan\p¸pw Xnf¡hpamWv. "PÌojy ImÀWnb' F¶v CXn\v kky\maw. F¦nepw ]n¦v tP¡_n\nb, {_koenb³ ¹qw, InMvkv {Iu¬, ¹qw ^vfhÀ, ]n¦v SMvkv, ImÀUn\Âkv KmÀUv Fs¶ms¡ ]dªmte DZym\t{]anIÄ CXns\ thKw Xncn¨dnbpIbpÅq. kky\ma§tf¡mÄ hnfnt¸cpIfmWtÃm DZym\]meIÀ¡v F¶pw Gsd ]cnNnXw. "PÌojy' F¶ P\pkn s]Sp¶ Cu DZym\kkyw ]Xns\«mw \qämWvSn Pohn¨ncp¶ kvtIm«njv DZym\]meI\mb sPbnwkv PÌnkv F¶ hyànbpsS t]cnt\mSp tNÀ¯v t]cv NmÀ¯n¡n«nb hn`mK¯nÂs¸Sp¶p. Cu P\pkn GXmWvSv ap¶qtdmfw sNSnIfpWvSv.

DjvWtaJem {]tZi§fn Xs¶ Aev]w XWen hfcm\njvSs¸Sp¶ sNSnbmWnXv. {_koÂ, sXt¡ Atacn¡ F¶nhnS§fn P·wsImWvSp. DZym\¯nsâ CcpWvS tImWpIÄ¡v ]q¸p©ncnbpsS Xnf¡hpw shfn¨hpw ]Icm³ AhnsS tP¡_n\nb hfÀ¯p¶ ]XnhpWvSv. sNSnbpsS ]pjv]`wKn CeIÄ¡nÃ; CeIÄ ISpw]¨bmWv; A{Kw ]c¶tXm IqÀ¯tXm BImw. ]cp]cp¯ {]XeamWnhbv¡v. sXÃv Dbcw Ipdª C\§Ä cWvSSn hsc DbÀ¶p hfcpt¼mÄ aäp NneXv 7 ASnhsc Dbc¯n 6 ASn hoXnbn ]SÀ¶p hfcm³ CjvSs¸Sp¶p. th\embm sNSn tZlw adbpthmfw ]q NqSpI ]Xnhv. \nch[n k¦cbn\§fpw C¶v Cu C\w sNSnbnepWvSv. Chbn GXmWvSv A³]tXmfw C\§Ä DjvWtaJem {]tZi§fn Xs¶ hfcp¶pWvSv. tP¡_n\nbbpsS ]q¡fn kÀhkm[mcWamb \ndw ]n¦v AYhm ^vsfjv IfÀ BWv. kky\ma¯nse ImÀWnb Cu \nd¯nsâ kqNIhpamWv.

hf¸äpÅ, \oÀhmÀ¨bpÅ a®n Cu ]qs¨Sn \¶mbn hfcpw. t\cs¯ kqNn¸n¨Xpt]mse hÀjw apgph\pw `mKnIambn XW In«p¶ {]tZiamWv CXn\p ]Yyw. N«nbn HXp¡n hfÀ¯nbm Krlm´À`mK§fnepw hbv¡mw; AXpw Hcp P\mebv¡Sp¯mbm Gsd \¶v. CuÀ¸mwiapÅ hmbp CXn\v kpKaambn In«Ww F¶p \nÀ_ÔapWvSv. AXpt]mse Xs¶ CuÀ¸w sXÃpanÃm¯ hcWvS hmbpam{XapÅ Øe¯p hfÀ¯nbm thKw Xncn¨dnbmw, ImcWw sNSnbpsS CeIÄ hfªp]pfbm³ XpS§pw, H¸w sNSn \ndsb apªbpw sNÅpIfpw F¯pIbpw sN¿pw. AXn\m tP¡_n\nb hfÀ¯m³ apXncp¶hÀ AXn\v CuÀ¸mwiapÅ hmbp (high humid air) e`n¡p¶p F¶pd¸m¡phm³ ad¡cpXv.

sNSn \Soensâ Imcyw t\m¡mw. XSw Hcp¡pt¼mÄ Xs¶ [mcmfw NmWIs¸mSn, It¼mÌv F¶nh ASnhfambn tNÀ¯v ]cphs¸Spt¯WvSXpWvSv. a®nsâ KpWw sa¨s¸Sp¯m\mWnXv. XWvSp apdn¨p \«v tP¡_n\nb hfÀ¯mw. XWvSv 8þ12 C©p \of¯n apdn¨v apIfnes¯ cWvSne HgnsI _m¡n CeIsfÃmw \o¡n NphSäw GsX¦nepw thcpXv]mZIam[ya¯n ap¡nsbSp¯n«v \SpI. t]m«nMv an{inX¯n 1þ2 C©p Xmgv¯n \Smw. am[ya¯n\v \\hpWvSmbncn¡Ww. C¶nt¸mÄ tP¡_n\nbbpsS ssXIÄ Xs¶ hm§m³ In«p¶pWvSv. BgvNbn Ht¶m ctWvSm XhW \\bv¡pI. ]pXpapf s]m«n¯pS§pt¼mÄ hfw tNÀ¡mw. CXn\v FÃps]mSn, Ces¸mSn, a®nc¡t¼mÌv, NmWIs¸mSn F¶nh D]tbmKn¡mw. cmkhf{]tbmK¯n Xmev]cyapsWvS¦n cmkhfan{inXw (fertliser mixture) e`yXb\pkcn¨v hm§n Hcp Sokv]q¬ Hcp enäÀ shůn Ie¡n XS¯n Hgn¨psImSp¡pI. sNSn¨ph«n \n¶v 3þ4 C©p amdn thWw hfw tNÀ¡m³. sNSnbntem XWvSntem cmkhfw hoWm AXv s]mÅ DWvSm¡pw. Ft¶mÀ¯ncn¡pI.

tP¡_n\nb hfÀ¯p¶hÀ {i²n¡m\pÅ asämcp kwKXn bYmkabw AXv inJcw \pÅn hfÀ¯pIsb¶XmWv. CXn\v "sIm¼ptImXÂ' AYhm "{]qWnMv' F¶p ]dbp¶p. hfÀ¨ \nb{´n¨p \nÀ¯pI F¶Xp am{Xaà CXnsâ e£yw. ]q¡Ä DWvSmIp¶Xv ]pXpapfIfnembXn\m inJcw \Ån hfÀ¯pt¼mÄ DWvSmIp¶ ]pXnb hfÀ¨Ifn ]p¯³ apIpf§Ä hfcpIbpw ]q¡fmbn amdpIbpw sN¿pw. {]tXyIn¨v Hcn¡Â ]pjv]n¨pIgnª inJc§Ä \nÀ_Ôambpw apdn¨p amäWw. hfÀ¶ sNSnIÄ¡v \nc´cw \\bv¡msX \\bvIÄ¡nS¡pÅ CSthfIfn XSw DW§m³ Xs¶ A\phZn¡Ww. FÃm amkhpw ]pjv]n¡p¶ ioeamWv tP¡_n\nbbpsS asämcp {]tXyIX. inJcm{K¯n Iq«ambn apIpf§Ä cq]wsImWvSpIgnªm Ipd¨p Znhkw Ignbpt¼mÄ ]n¦v \nd¯nepÅ ]pjv]§Ä Xe\o«m³ XpS§p¶Xp ImWmw. C¯c¯nepÅ Hcp ]pjv]hrµw (Flowering head) cq]s¸«pIgnªm AXv HcmgvN¡metam AXne[nItam \mÄ XpSÀ¨bmbn \nXyhpw ]q¡Ä X¶psImWvSncn¡pw. ]q¡Ä Hmtcm¶mbnhnSÀ¶p HcmgvN Ignbpt¼mtg¡pw Hcp ]q¡qSbmbn amdp¶ A]qÀhNmcpXbmWv tP¡_n\nb ]q¡fpsS {]tXyIX. XW CjvSs¸Sp¶ Cu sNSn¡v IrXyamb tXmXn \\ In«nbm AXnsâ CeIÄ IWvSm Adnbmw, CeIÄ IqSpX I«nbmIpIbpw AXnse Rc¼pIÄ sXfnªp hcpIbpw sN¿p¶p. Ce¡cp¯nsâ Cu kqNIw sNSnbpsS BtcmKy¯nsâ IqsS ASbmfambn IcpXmw.

sNSn¨«nbn hfÀ¯nbm tP¡_n\nb Krlm´À`mK§Ä¡v \ndw ]Icm³ am{Xaà tImdntUmÀ, t]mÀ¨v, knäu«v F¶nhnS§fnepw {IaoIcn¡mw. Dbcw IqSnb C\§Ä AXnÀhc¼pIfn CSIeÀ¯n hfÀ¯m\pw ]Ým¯e kky§fmbn \ne\nÀ¯m\pw D¯aw. Iq«ambn hfÀ¯m³ (mass planting) tbmPn¨ DZym\kkyamWv tP¡_n\nb.

]n¦v \ndapÅ tP¡_n\nbbv¡v "]n¦v {_koenb³ ¹qw' F¶p t]cpÅXpt]mse shfp¯ ]q¡Ä hnSÀ¯p¶ tP¡_n\nbbv¡v "sshäv tP¡_n\nb' AYhm "sshäv {_koenb³ ¹qw' F¶p t]cpWvSv. BÂ_ (Alba) F¶mWv Cu C\¯n\p "PÌojy ImÀWnb' "tdUnbâv' F¶ C\w AXymIÀjIamWv. CXnsâ CeIÄ¡v ISpw ]¨\ndhpw ASn`mK¯v Nph¶ \ndhpw BWv. ]q¡Ä hepXmWv, ImgvNbv¡v IqSpX `wKnbpÅhbmWv, ISp¯ ]n¦v \ndapÅhbmWv. CXv HXp§nhfcp¶ kz`mhapÅXpw ]camh[n 1.2 aoäÀ hsc Dbc¯n hfcp¶XpamWv.

\mbv hfÀ¯Â: AanXh®w A]ISw
a\pjy\pambn hoSpw, A¶hpw PohnX coXnIfpw ]¦nSp¶ \mbv¡fnepw s]m®¯Sn `ojWnbmIp¶p. Hmtcm \mbv¡Ä¡pw AhcpsS P\pkv, {]mbw, enwKw, imcocnImhØ F¶nhbpsS ASnØm\¯n DWvSmth...
tkmjy aoUnb XpW¨p; Iªn¡pgnbn Irjn tkmjyembn
tZiob]mXþ47 Be¸pgþ tNÀ¯e dq«n Hmt«mImkvän\v kao]sa¯nbm FXnÀhit¯¡v Bcpsam¶p t\m¡nt]mIpw. \mev G¡dn BZyw ImWp¶Xv HcmÄ hen¸apÅ ]Shew \newaps« ]´en InS¡p¶XmWv....
¹mhnsâ Poh³
¹mhn\pw N¡¡pw thWvSn Pohn¡p¶ sNdp¸¡mc\mWv Pb³. Zp_mbn ¹mhnÃm¯Xp sImWvSp am{Xw tPmen cmPn h¨v Xncn¨p t]m¶ Cu \m«n³ ]pd¯p¡mcsâ PohnX ¯nepw N¡bpw ASbpw t]msebmWv....
aªÄ{]` sNmcnbpw DZym\w
kpKÔhyRvP\amb aªfnsâ amkvacnI iàn sb¡pdn¨dnbm¯ aebmfnIÄ ImWnÃ. Idn¡q«p IÄ¡v cpNnbpw \ndhpw \ÂIm³ am{XaÃ, Huj [ta·bnepw ap¶nemWv aªÄ. kuµcyhÀ[I DXv]¶§fnse {]IrX...
Noc; C\§fpw IrjncoXnbpw
tIcf¯n hmWnPymSnØm\¯n IrjnsN¿p¶ Ce¡dnhnfbmWv Noc. XmcXtay\ IpdªsNehn IrjnsN¿mhp¶ Cu hnfsb CShnfbmbpw X\nhnfbmbpw D]tbmKn¨phcp¶p. Npcp§nb ImewsImWvSv hnfshSp¡...
ISs¡Wnbn IpSp§n C´y³ IÀjI³
C´ybnse IÀjI³ IS¯n P\n¡p¶p, IS¯n Pohn¡p¶p, IS¯n acn¡p¶p F¶mWv {_n«ojv C´ybnse IÀjIÀ¡p \ÂInbncp¶ hntijWw. IÀjIcpsS t]cn AkwJyw t£a]²XnIÄ {]Jym]n¡pIbpw _m¦pIÄ...
C\n ]¨¡dn hn¡mw, Hm¬sse\neqsS
ho«phf¸n Irjn sN¿p¶ ]¨¡dnIÄ C\n ho«nencp¶p Xs¶ hn¡mw. CS\ne¡mcnÃmsX ]¨¡dnIÄ hn¡m\pw anI¨ \nehmcapÅh hm§m\pw C\n Hscmä ¢n¡v aXn. \ham[ya¯nse lcnXhn¹hambn amdp...
]mäm\n sXfnbn¨p; kvt{Sm_dn hb\m«nepw hnfbpw
hyhkmbw am{XaÃ, Irjnbpw X\n¡v hg§psa¶v Hcn¡Â IqSn sXfnbn¨ncn¡pIbmWv tPmWn ]mäm\n. hb\mSv tN¼À Hm^v tImtagvknsâ {]knUâv, hn³skâv Unt]mÄ skmsskän \mjW t{]mPÎv Hm...
]¨¡dn @ 365 Znhkw
ImÀjnI ]mc¼cyt¯msSm¸w kkyimkv{X¯nse _ncpZhpw cam tZhnsb Irjnbpambn Gsd ASp¸n¨p. Hmtcm kkys¯bpw Adnbp¶Xns\m¸w AhbpsS ]cnNcW coXnIÄ¡pw {]m[m\yw \evInbXn\m ho«nte...
th\¨qSn IdhamSpIÄ¡pw tImgnIÄ¡pw IcpXÂ
{]Xntcm[tijn hfsc¡pd bm³ km[yXbpÅ th\¡m ew XpS§p¶Xn\p apt¼ Dcp¡Ä¡v hncacp¶pIfpw {]Xntcm[ Ip¯nhbv]pIfpw Hcp tUmIvSdpsS \nÀt±i{]Imcw \ÂInbncn¡Ww. t\cn«pÅ kqcyhn...
F³Pn\nbdnwKv ]T\t¯msSm¸w Irjnbpw
H¶n\pw kabanà F¶ bphXz¯nsâ Øncw Iaân H«pw hnizmkanà kzcq]n\v. kz´w PohnX¯neqsS ImWn¨p XcnIbmWv Cu 21 Imc³. ]me¡mSv tImgn¸mdbnse Aley kvIqÄ Hm^v F³Pn\nbdnwKv B³...
tKmime _n\phnsâ hntij§Ä
Irjn kwkvImcamWv. PohnXamIWw þ H¸w PohkÔmcW amÀKhpamIWw. Irjn ]ehnfIsf ASnØm\am¡nbmIpw Adnbs¸SpI. sX§[njvTnX Irjn, s\Ã[njvTnX Irjn Fs¶ms¡. F¶mÂ, Idh¸ip¡sf {][m\...
IrjnsN¿mw, shÅcn
\pjy³ BZyambn D]tbmKn¨ ]¨¡dnhn`mKw shÅcnbmsW¶p IcpXs¸Sp¶p. tIcf¯n shÅcnsb¶v Adnbs¸Sp¶Xv Idn¡v D]tbmKn¡p¶ ]¨IeÀ¶ shÅ\ndt¯mSpIqSnb shÅcnbpw IWnhbv¡p¶Xn\v D]tbmKn...
Adnbmw, AIämw \mbv¡fpsS NÀatcmK§Ä
\mbv¡fpsS BtcmKy¯ntâbpw kuµcy¯nsâbpw I®mSnbmWv AhbpsS NÀaw. ]ehn[¯nepw Xc¯nepapÅ NÀatcmK§Ä \mbv¡sf _m[n¡mw. Ch XpS¡¯n Xs¶ IsWvS¯n NnInXvknt¡WvSXv hfsc {][m\amW...
cWvSc G¡dn Irjnsshhn[ysamcp¡n Z¼XnIÄ
]ghÀK§fpw ]¨¡dnIfpw \ndª GZ³ tXm«w. CXpXs¶bmWv Xncph\´]pcw shªmdpwaqSv AbncqÀtImW¯p]p¯³ho«n tUm. D¯asâbpw `mcy A¼nfnbpsSbpw cWvSctb¡tdmfw hcp¶ ]pcbnS¯n\p tNcp¶...
AWp¡sf AIämw, AInSpho¡w XSbmw
_mIvSocnb, sshdkv, ^wKkv XpS§n AWp¡Ä AInSpho¡w DWvS¡mw. apJytcmKtlXp _m IvSocnbIÄ BWv . hr¯nlo\amb ]cnkchpw, sXmgp¯pw, Dcp¡fpsS ]cn]me\¯nepWvSmIp¶ hogvNIfpamW...
AtIzdnb¯nse t]mcmfnIÄ
tai¸pd¯v ]fp¦v Ipanft]mse Pew \nd¨ ¥mkv t¥m_v, AXn AXnkpµc\mb Hcp t]mcmfn aÕyw. kz´ambn Hcp AtIzdnbw \ne\ndp¯Ww F¶v Gsd B{KlapÅ, F¶m C\nbpw AXn\p apXncm¯hÀ¡v ...
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2013 se `qan GsäSp¡Â \nba¯n shÅw tNÀ¯psImWvSv tI{µ Kh¬ saâv sImWvSph¶ HmÀUn\³kv tImÀ]tdäpIÄ¡v btYjvSw Irjn`qan ]nSn¨S¡m\pw IÀjIsc IpSnbnd¡m\pw Ahkcw \ÂIp¶p. `q...
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DZym\ A´co£¯n Hcp Pzen¡p¶ ]´wþAXmWv ^vsfbnanwKv tSmÀ¨v F¶v hnfnt¸cpÅ _nÂt_ÀPnb ]ncanUmenkv F¶ ]qs¨Sn. XWvSnepw CeIfnepw kkyckw\nd¨v amwkf kz`mhw Im«p¶ {_psaenb...
22 skân 28 C\w ]ghÀK§Ä: ]m¸gw apX and¡nÄ {^q«phsc, FÃmw hntZin
]g§sf¶ph¨m tPmk^n\v Poh\mWv. shdpw ]g§fÃ, adp\mS³ ]g§Ä. N§\mticn Ipcy¨³]SnbnepÅ Imc¡m«p ho«n sI.sP. tPmk^nsâ ho«papäsam¶p {i²n¨m CXpa\knemIpw. hoSp\n¡p¶ 22 ...
^n©pIfpsS ]cn]me\hpw {]P\\hpw
ImemIme§fmbn a\pjyÀ ]eXcw ]£nIsf hfÀ¯nhcp¶p. F¶m ]c¼cmKXssienbn C¶pw XpSÀ¶phcp¶ ]cnNcWcoXnIÄ¡v A]mIXItfsdbpWvSv. AXv AhbpsS {]P\\w, kz`mhw, {]Xntcm[tijn F¶nhs...
]mem¡mSv BÀ]nFknsâ tX\o¨t¯m«w
d_ÀIÀjIÀ hnebnSnhpaqew _p²nap«p¶ kmlNcy¯nemWv ]membv¡Sp¯pÅ ]mem¡mSv d_À DXv]mZI kwL¯nsâ {]knUâv sh«n¡pg¡pt¶Â hn.bp. tPmk^nsâ aI³ enPp tPmkpw kplr¯v ]qh¯m\n¡pt¶Â...
B]Xv _mÔh³ Bßan{Xw sImt¡m
PmXI¯n i\nbpsS A]lmcw hnSmsX ]nSnIqSnb ImÀjnIhnf GXv F¶p tNmZn¨m s]s«s¶mcp¯cw sImt¡m F¶mbncn¡pw. GXp XWe¯pw HXp§n¡qSn hfcpIbpw CShnfbm¡nbmÂt]mepw bmsXmcp ]cn`...
Irjnsb kvt\ln¡p¶ ^mÀtagvkv ¢_v
Irjnsb kvt\ln¡p¶ Hcp Iq«w BfpIÄ. ChÀ¡m{Klw \à ]¨¡dn am{Xw. hnjw tNÀ¶, IoS\min \nIfpw cmkhfhpw tNÀ¯p WvSm¡p¶ `£y DXv]¶ §Äs¡Xntc bpÅ {]Xntcm[amWnXv. F¶m Iq«mb...
sNdphb cma³ \mS³ s\Ãn\§fpsS hn¯p_m¦v
\mS³ s\Âhn¯pIfpsS Imhemfmb am\´hmSn sNdphb cmasâ hn¯p_m¦v IS IS¶v Ad_n \m«nepw. tZmlbnse aebmfnIfpsS Iq«mbva ac`qanbn IWvSw sh«n NIncnt¨mdp ]pX¨v \\bn«v...
F\nbv¡msI thWvSXv izkn¡m³ hmbp am{Xw
{_n«Wnse {]kn² tdm¡v kwKoX {Kq¸mb tlmfoknsâ {]kn²amb BJym\ \mS³]m«nse hcnIÄ XpS§p¶Xn§s\bmWv. hntZicmPy§fnse kwKoXt{]anIsf B\µkmKc¯nemdmSn¨v h³lnämbn amdnb Cu hc...
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DjvWtaJem {]tZi§fnse I¶pImenIfn 70 iXam\t¯mfw cm{Xn kab§fnemWv aZne£Ww ImWn¨p XpS§p¶Xv. aZne£Ww Bcw`n¨tijw 12þ14 aWn¡qdpIÄ¡ptijw Ip¯nhbv¡p¶XmWv sN\ G¡m\pÅ kcf...
]pXnb d_dn\§fpw s]mSnIpanÄ tcmKhpw
Sm¸p sNbvXpsImWvSncn¡p¶ d_À ac§Ä¡v ITn\amb tcmK_m[ DWvSmbm Ahbn \n¶pÅ DXv]mZ\w ap¸XpiXam\w hsc Ipdªpt]mIp¶Xmbn IW¡m¡nbn«pWvSv. d_À ac§fpsS hfÀ¨sbbpw Sm¸p sN¿p...
h\yarK§fn \n¶pw Irjnsb c£n¡mw
]Snªmdv kqcy³ AkvXan¨p Ignªm tIcf¯nse ]e aetbmc{Kma§fpw C¶v `oXnbpsS \ngen BWv. GXp kab¯pw Xsâ ]d¼ntem ho«papät¯m {]Xy£s¸Sm³ km[yXbpÅ Icnhoc³amcpsS `oXnbnÂ.a\...
Hcp skâv an\n t]mfnluknepw shÀ«n¡Â ^manwKv
Irjn sN¿m³ Øe]cn anXn t\cnSp¶hÀ¡v hensbmcm izmkamWv tIcf ImÀjnI kÀhIemimebpsS B\¡bw ImÀjnI KthjW tI{µ ¯nse sslsSIv IÀa tk\ hnIkn¸ns¨Sp¯ Hcp skâv an\n t]mfn lukv...
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