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]qt´m¸nse sXm§Â¸q¡Ä
koa kptcjv

Akn. UbdIvSÀ. IrjnhIp¸v , Xncph\´]pcw


th\¨qSnsâ AkzØXIÄ¡nSbnepw \ndsb ]q ]nSn¡p¶ kz`mhw "tP¡_n\nb' F¶ sXm§Â¸q¡sf DjvWtaJem {]tZi§Ä¡v IqSpX {]nbs¸«Xm¡p¶p. DjvWtaJemImemhØ \ne\n¡p¶ CS§fnseÃmw C¶v tP¡_n\nb DZym\§fn F¯p¶Xpw CXpsImWvSmWv. tIcf¯nepw CXv ]ebnS§fnepw DZym\§Ä¡v N´w ]Icp¶p; CXnsâ ssXIÄ kpe`ambn e`n¡pIIbpw sN¿p¶p.

]q¡fmWv A{X BIÀjIaÃm¯ Cu ]qs¨SnbpsS apX¡q«v F¶p ]dbmw. shÅ, ]n¦v, Nph¸v, Hmd©v, ]À¸nÄ, aª F¶n§s\ hnhn[ \nd§fn Ipg t]mse \oWvS ]q¡Ä hnScp¶p. ]q¯WvSnsâ a[y`mK¯p\n¶v ]pdt¯¡p Xpd¡p¶ {Ia¯nemWv ]q¡Ä {IaoIcn¨ncn¡p¶Xv. ]qhnsâ hmbvh¯n\pw hÃm¯ an\pan\p¸pw Xnf¡hpamWv. "PÌojy ImÀWnb' F¶v CXn\v kky\maw. F¦nepw ]n¦v tP¡_n\nb, {_koenb³ ¹qw, InMvkv {Iu¬, ¹qw ^vfhÀ, ]n¦v SMvkv, ImÀUn\Âkv KmÀUv Fs¶ms¡ ]dªmte DZym\t{]anIÄ CXns\ thKw Xncn¨dnbpIbpÅq. kky\ma§tf¡mÄ hnfnt¸cpIfmWtÃm DZym\]meIÀ¡v F¶pw Gsd ]cnNnXw. "PÌojy' F¶ P\pkn s]Sp¶ Cu DZym\kkyw ]Xns\«mw \qämWvSn Pohn¨ncp¶ kvtIm«njv DZym\]meI\mb sPbnwkv PÌnkv F¶ hyànbpsS t]cnt\mSp tNÀ¯v t]cv NmÀ¯n¡n«nb hn`mK¯nÂs¸Sp¶p. Cu P\pkn GXmWvSv ap¶qtdmfw sNSnIfpWvSv.

DjvWtaJem {]tZi§fn Xs¶ Aev]w XWen hfcm\njvSs¸Sp¶ sNSnbmWnXv. {_koÂ, sXt¡ Atacn¡ F¶nhnS§fn P·wsImWvSp. DZym\¯nsâ CcpWvS tImWpIÄ¡v ]q¸p©ncnbpsS Xnf¡hpw shfn¨hpw ]Icm³ AhnsS tP¡_n\nb hfÀ¯p¶ ]XnhpWvSv. sNSnbpsS ]pjv]`wKn CeIÄ¡nÃ; CeIÄ ISpw]¨bmWv; A{Kw ]c¶tXm IqÀ¯tXm BImw. ]cp]cp¯ {]XeamWnhbv¡v. sXÃv Dbcw Ipdª C\§Ä cWvSSn hsc DbÀ¶p hfcpt¼mÄ aäp NneXv 7 ASnhsc Dbc¯n 6 ASn hoXnbn ]SÀ¶p hfcm³ CjvSs¸Sp¶p. th\embm sNSn tZlw adbpthmfw ]q NqSpI ]Xnhv. \nch[n k¦cbn\§fpw C¶v Cu C\w sNSnbnepWvSv. Chbn GXmWvSv A³]tXmfw C\§Ä DjvWtaJem {]tZi§fn Xs¶ hfcp¶pWvSv. tP¡_n\nbbpsS ]q¡fn kÀhkm[mcWamb \ndw ]n¦v AYhm ^vsfjv IfÀ BWv. kky\ma¯nse ImÀWnb Cu \nd¯nsâ kqNIhpamWv.

hf¸äpÅ, \oÀhmÀ¨bpÅ a®n Cu ]qs¨Sn \¶mbn hfcpw. t\cs¯ kqNn¸n¨Xpt]mse hÀjw apgph\pw `mKnIambn XW In«p¶ {]tZiamWv CXn\p ]Yyw. N«nbn HXp¡n hfÀ¯nbm Krlm´À`mK§fnepw hbv¡mw; AXpw Hcp P\mebv¡Sp¯mbm Gsd \¶v. CuÀ¸mwiapÅ hmbp CXn\v kpKaambn In«Ww F¶p \nÀ_ÔapWvSv. AXpt]mse Xs¶ CuÀ¸w sXÃpanÃm¯ hcWvS hmbpam{XapÅ Øe¯p hfÀ¯nbm thKw Xncn¨dnbmw, ImcWw sNSnbpsS CeIÄ hfªp]pfbm³ XpS§pw, H¸w sNSn \ndsb apªbpw sNÅpIfpw F¯pIbpw sN¿pw. AXn\m tP¡_n\nb hfÀ¯m³ apXncp¶hÀ AXn\v CuÀ¸mwiapÅ hmbp (high humid air) e`n¡p¶p F¶pd¸m¡phm³ ad¡cpXv.

sNSn \Soensâ Imcyw t\m¡mw. XSw Hcp¡pt¼mÄ Xs¶ [mcmfw NmWIs¸mSn, It¼mÌv F¶nh ASnhfambn tNÀ¯v ]cphs¸Spt¯WvSXpWvSv. a®nsâ KpWw sa¨s¸Sp¯m\mWnXv. XWvSp apdn¨p \«v tP¡_n\nb hfÀ¯mw. XWvSv 8þ12 C©p \of¯n apdn¨v apIfnes¯ cWvSne HgnsI _m¡n CeIsfÃmw \o¡n NphSäw GsX¦nepw thcpXv]mZIam[ya¯n ap¡nsbSp¯n«v \SpI. t]m«nMv an{inX¯n 1þ2 C©p Xmgv¯n \Smw. am[ya¯n\v \\hpWvSmbncn¡Ww. C¶nt¸mÄ tP¡_n\nbbpsS ssXIÄ Xs¶ hm§m³ In«p¶pWvSv. BgvNbn Ht¶m ctWvSm XhW \\bv¡pI. ]pXpapf s]m«n¯pS§pt¼mÄ hfw tNÀ¡mw. CXn\v FÃps]mSn, Ces¸mSn, a®nc¡t¼mÌv, NmWIs¸mSn F¶nh D]tbmKn¡mw. cmkhf{]tbmK¯n Xmev]cyapsWvS¦n cmkhfan{inXw (fertliser mixture) e`yXb\pkcn¨v hm§n Hcp Sokv]q¬ Hcp enäÀ shůn Ie¡n XS¯n Hgn¨psImSp¡pI. sNSn¨ph«n \n¶v 3þ4 C©p amdn thWw hfw tNÀ¡m³. sNSnbntem XWvSntem cmkhfw hoWm AXv s]mÅ DWvSm¡pw. Ft¶mÀ¯ncn¡pI.

tP¡_n\nb hfÀ¯p¶hÀ {i²n¡m\pÅ asämcp kwKXn bYmkabw AXv inJcw \pÅn hfÀ¯pIsb¶XmWv. CXn\v "sIm¼ptImXÂ' AYhm "{]qWnMv' F¶p ]dbp¶p. hfÀ¨ \nb{´n¨p \nÀ¯pI F¶Xp am{Xaà CXnsâ e£yw. ]q¡Ä DWvSmIp¶Xv ]pXpapfIfnembXn\m inJcw \Ån hfÀ¯pt¼mÄ DWvSmIp¶ ]pXnb hfÀ¨Ifn ]p¯³ apIpf§Ä hfcpIbpw ]q¡fmbn amdpIbpw sN¿pw. {]tXyIn¨v Hcn¡Â ]pjv]n¨pIgnª inJc§Ä \nÀ_Ôambpw apdn¨p amäWw. hfÀ¶ sNSnIÄ¡v \nc´cw \\bv¡msX \\bvIÄ¡nS¡pÅ CSthfIfn XSw DW§m³ Xs¶ A\phZn¡Ww. FÃm amkhpw ]pjv]n¡p¶ ioeamWv tP¡_n\nbbpsS asämcp {]tXyIX. inJcm{K¯n Iq«ambn apIpf§Ä cq]wsImWvSpIgnªm Ipd¨p Znhkw Ignbpt¼mÄ ]n¦v \nd¯nepÅ ]pjv]§Ä Xe\o«m³ XpS§p¶Xp ImWmw. C¯c¯nepÅ Hcp ]pjv]hrµw (Flowering head) cq]s¸«pIgnªm AXv HcmgvN¡metam AXne[nItam \mÄ XpSÀ¨bmbn \nXyhpw ]q¡Ä X¶psImWvSncn¡pw. ]q¡Ä Hmtcm¶mbnhnSÀ¶p HcmgvN Ignbpt¼mtg¡pw Hcp ]q¡qSbmbn amdp¶ A]qÀhNmcpXbmWv tP¡_n\nb ]q¡fpsS {]tXyIX. XW CjvSs¸Sp¶ Cu sNSn¡v IrXyamb tXmXn \\ In«nbm AXnsâ CeIÄ IWvSm Adnbmw, CeIÄ IqSpX I«nbmIpIbpw AXnse Rc¼pIÄ sXfnªp hcpIbpw sN¿p¶p. Ce¡cp¯nsâ Cu kqNIw sNSnbpsS BtcmKy¯nsâ IqsS ASbmfambn IcpXmw.

sNSn¨«nbn hfÀ¯nbm tP¡_n\nb Krlm´À`mK§Ä¡v \ndw ]Icm³ am{Xaà tImdntUmÀ, t]mÀ¨v, knäu«v F¶nhnS§fnepw {IaoIcn¡mw. Dbcw IqSnb C\§Ä AXnÀhc¼pIfn CSIeÀ¯n hfÀ¯m\pw ]Ým¯e kky§fmbn \ne\nÀ¯m\pw D¯aw. Iq«ambn hfÀ¯m³ (mass planting) tbmPn¨ DZym\kkyamWv tP¡_n\nb.

]n¦v \ndapÅ tP¡_n\nbbv¡v "]n¦v {_koenb³ ¹qw' F¶p t]cpÅXpt]mse shfp¯ ]q¡Ä hnSÀ¯p¶ tP¡_n\nbbv¡v "sshäv tP¡_n\nb' AYhm "sshäv {_koenb³ ¹qw' F¶p t]cpWvSv. BÂ_ (Alba) F¶mWv Cu C\¯n\p "PÌojy ImÀWnb' "tdUnbâv' F¶ C\w AXymIÀjIamWv. CXnsâ CeIÄ¡v ISpw ]¨\ndhpw ASn`mK¯v Nph¶ \ndhpw BWv. ]q¡Ä hepXmWv, ImgvNbv¡v IqSpX `wKnbpÅhbmWv, ISp¯ ]n¦v \ndapÅhbmWv. CXv HXp§nhfcp¶ kz`mhapÅXpw ]camh[n 1.2 aoäÀ hsc Dbc¯n hfcp¶XpamWv.

dw¼p«msâ XSnbqÀ s]cpa
]¯\wXn« PnÃbnse X\n \mS³ {Kmaamb XSnbqÀ Hcp Imcy¯n Aev]w hntZinbmWv. atejybnepw Xmbve³Unepw Ct´mt\jybnepw am{Xw hym]Iambn Irjn sN¿p¶ dw¼p«m³ tIcf¯n Gähpa[nIw...
kpØncIrjn]T\¯n\pw ssPhsshhn[y kwc£W¯n\pambn kzman\mY³ \nebw
imkv{Xhpw kmt¦XnI hnZybpw ]cnØnXn kwc£W¯n\pw kmaqlnI \·¡mbpw D]tbmKs¸Sp¯pI F¶e£yw km£mXvIcn¡p¶Xn\mbn ImÀjnI imkv{XÚ\mb {]^kÀ Fw.Fkv. kzman\mY³ Øm]n¨ imkv{X Kthj...
Hgp¡nsænepw Xnem¸nb hnfbpw, \qdpta\n
Hgp¡nÃm¯ tXm«nepw aÕyw kar²ambn hnfbn¡mw. Pm¡n F¶p hnfn¡p¶ A\q]nsâ A\p`hw CXn\p sXfnhmWv. Be¸pg X®oÀap¡w Xpcp¯n¯dbn ho«nencp¶v A\q]v k¼mZn¡p¶Xv Znhkw 3000þ 400...
hnjclnX hn]Wnbpambn {Ko³tjmÀ
kz´ambn IrjnsNbvXp In«p¶Xv Aev]amsW¦nepw AXnÂhnjansöpd¸pÅXpsImWvSpw kz´w hnbÀ¸n sâIqSn cpNn DÅXpsImWvSpw hne C¯ncn Iq«n¡mWm³ \mw ]Tn¨ncn¡p¶p. ho«pIrjnbnse A[nI...
CuÌÀ enÃn¸q¡Ä
{InkvXphnsâ DbnÀs¯gpt¶ev]nt\mS\p_Ôn¨pÅ CuÌÀ Zn\§fpambn ssItImÀ¯v IpgÂhmZy¯n sâ cq]¯n henb shfp¯ enÃn¸q¡Ä t]mse ]q¡Ä hnSÀ¯p¶ sNSnþCXmWv CuÌÀ enÃn F¶ hÅns¨Sn. sl...
Irjn sN¿mw, Ah¡mtUm
a[yAtacn¡bpw saIvknt¡mbpamWv Ah¡mtUm ]g¯nsâ P·tZiw. imkv{Xob\maw Persea americana. saIvknt¡mbpsS h\{]tZi§fn ImWp¶ \nXylcnXac...
s\·mdbnse IpSpw_¡rjn
]me¡m«v IrjnIÄ ]eXpsWvS¦nepw ]mhÂ, ]Shew IrjnbnemWv s\·md¡mcpsS hnPbw. ]o¸nÄkv kÀhokv skmsskän ]me¡mSv cq]oIcn¨ kv{Xo kwL Irjn]²XnbneqsS AZv`pXw krãn¡pIbmWv Chn...
]pXnb ]pjv]XmtcmZbw
Hcp ]pXnb ]pjv]kpµcnsb ]cnNbs¸Sp¯pIbmWv Cu e¡w BcmakpµcnIfnÂ. \½psS \m«n {]Nmcw e`n¨n«nÃm¯ C\nbpw {]Nmcw e`nt¡WvSp¶ Hcp ]qs¨Sn, aäp]e kpµc]pjv]nWnIsfbpw t]mse ...
]Ww hmcm³ ]¶nhfÀ¯Â
{ZpXKXnbnepÅ hfÀ¨, ]ehn[ Blmcw Ignbv¡m\pÅ Ignhv, DbÀ¶ Xoä ]cnhÀ¯\ tijn, DbÀ¶ {]XypXv]mZ\ \nc¡v, hn]Wnbn ]¶n amwk¯n\pw ]¶n¡p«nIÄ¡papÅ henb Unam³Uv F¶nhsbms¡ ]¶n...
{]IrXnbpsS Irjnimkv{Xw
Irjn Hcp k¼qÀW {]h À¯\amWv. AXpsImWvSp Xs¶ Hcp DZv{KYnX AhØ AXn\pWvSv. Adnhpw \oXnimkv{Xhpw a\kpw B\µhpw GIoIrXambn ka\zbn¡pt¼mgmWv bYmÀY¯n Irjn DWvSmIp¶Xv. {]...
kp_nbpsS apben\v sIm¼pWvSvþcWvSv
tIm«bw PnÃbn hmgqÀ CuÌv \Sph¯m\nbn ho«n kp_n sk_mÌy³ apb hfÀ¯en hnPbKmY cNn¡pIbmWv. Nnesc¦nepw apb hfÀ¯ense {]iv\§fpsSbpw ]cn`h§fpsSbpw `mWvUs¡«gn¡pt¼mÄ ...
agad, Adnbm\pWvSv Nne Imcy§Ä
a\pjy³ {]IrXnbn hcp¯p¶ amä§Ä ]e coXnbnepw `mh¯nepamWv {]Xn^en¡s¸Sp¶Xv. AXv Nnet¸mÄ ImemhØm hyXnbm\amImw, a®nsâ LS\bmImw, Pet{kmXkpIfn hcp¶ amä§fmhmw. AXn {][...
ag¡me¯v Hma\¸£nIÄ¡p thWw {]tXyI IcpXÂ
tamlhne \ÂIn hm§n hfÀ¯p¶ Acpa¸£nbv¡v ag¡mew ]et¸mgpw tcmKImeamImdpWvSv. IpSpw_mwK§fpsS Hma\bmbn hfÀ¯p¶, hn]Wnbn hnetbsdbpÅ AcpaIÄ¡v AkpJw hcp¶Xv ]£nhfÀ¯pImcpsS...
^vsfIvkv ]mgmt¡WvS, D]tbmKapWvSv
Ime¯nsâ Ips¯mgp¡n ^vsfIvkv t_mÀUpIfpsS {]m[m\yw H¶p thsdXs¶bmWv. F¶mÂ, D]tbmKiq\yamb ^vsfIvkv joäpIÄ ]et¸mgpw {]IrXn¡pw a\pjy\pw `ojWnbmhmdpapWvSv. D]tbmKiq\ya...
]mhbv¡bpsS Huj[aqeyw
]mhbv¡ \mSt\m adp\mSt\m F¶Ã, ]mhbv¡¡v Nne Huj[ aqey§fpWvSv. Ah Fs´ms¡bmsW¶v t\m¡mw. ]n¯w, I^w, {]talw, càtZmjw, IpjvTw, Imane, AcpNn F¶nhbv¡v BbqÀthZ hn[n{]Imcw...
Imens¯mgp¯nse ipNoIcWw b{´¡cp¯neqsS
hr¯nbpÅsXmgp¯pw ]cnkchpw ]iphnsâ BtcmKy ¯n\v AXy´m t]£nXamb LSIamWv. ip²amb ]mensâ e`yXbv¡pw CXv BhiyamWv. sXmgp¯n IdhbnepÅ ]ip¡fpÅt¸mÄ Znhkhpw aq¶v t\csa¦nepw...
tImgn]cn]me\w ag¡me¯v
C\n hcm\ncn¡p¶Xv CSh¸mXn¡mew. N¶w]n¶w CShnSmsX ags]¿pt¼mÄ a\pjyÀs¡¶t]mse hfÀ¯p]£nIfnepw ]eXc¯nepÅ _p²nap«pIfpw {]iv\§fpw IWvSphcp¶p. tImgnIfn tcmK{]Xntcm[tijn ...
XhnSpÅ AcnthtWm? Hm¬sse³ _p¡vsN¿q, ho«n e`n¡pw
ImÀjnI DXv]¶§Ä DXv]mZn¸n¡eÃ, hn]Wn IsWvS¯emWv ]et¸mgpw {]bmkamImdv. CXn\v hyXykvXamb Hcp ]cnlmcw IsWvS¯nbncn¡pIbmWv ]me¡mSv IpgÂaµ¯pÅ Hcp IÀjI IpSpw_w. U£v ^mw(...
hÀWhnkvabw XoÀ¯v HmÀ¡nUpIÄ
]pjv]n¡p¶ sNSnIfpsS Gähpw henb IpSpw_amb HmÀ¡ntUkntbbnÂs¸« HmÀ¡nUpIfn Adp\qdntesd P\pkpIfpw ap¸Xn\mbnc¯ntesd kv]ojnkpIfpw Hcp e£¯ntesd k¦cbn\§fpapWvSv. Bscbpw ...
Acpa¸£nIÄ¡v thWw sshhn[yapÅ `£W{Iaw
Acpa¸£nIfpsS icnbmb `£WcoXn AhbpsS t]mjW¯n\p am{Xaà am\kntImÃmk¯n\pw AXymhiyamWv. ]et¸mgpw sXämb BlmccoXn ]e AkpJ§Ä¡pw Nnet¸mÄ acW¯n\phsc ImcWamIp¶p.
ssItXcnbn Irjnt¯m«§Ä HgpIn \S¡pw
]pcbnS§fn \n¶p a«p¸mhnte¡v tNt¡dnb IrjnbnS§sf¡pdn¨v tI«n«pWvSv. F¶m a«p¸mhn \n¶p IrjnbnS§Ä Pemib§fnte¡v hgnamdpIbmWv I®qÀ PnÃbnse Iq¯p]d¼v ssItXcnbnÂ. Iq¯p]d...
Hmd©v hfcp¶ ssltd©v
ISIfn \n¶v Hmd©v hm§n Ign¡p¶ aebmfn¡v tIcf¯nepw Hmd©v hfcp¶pWvSv F¶p ]dªm hnizkn¡m³ {]bmkamIpw. F¶m CSp¡nbnsebpw hb\m«nsebpw ]me¡ms«bpw DbÀ¶ ae\ncIfn hfcp¶ ...
hoWvSpw Nne N¡hntij§Ä
kzmZnãhpw t]mjIkar²hpamWv N¡¸gw. AtXmsSm¸w \½psS \m«n kpe`hpw. N¡sb tIcf¯nse Hcp {][m\ ImÀjnIDXv]¶am¡m³ C¡mcW§sfms¡ [mcmfamWv. ]c¼cmKXIrjnIÄ {]XnkÔnIfneqsS IS¶...
Im«m\ sImXn¡pw aq«n¸gw
Cu]gtaX¶dnbmtam Adnbm³ hgnbnÃ. Im«nse ac§Ä¡nSbn hfcpw aq«n F¶ ap«n ]gw hnfbpw acw Xs¶. ap«n acsa¶ t]cpXs¶ aqSv hscImbv \nd¨v Bscbpw hÃmsX BIÀjn¡pIbpw sImXn¸n¡...
NXpc¸bÀ: t{]m«o³ kar²w
hnwKvUv _o³ F¶ t]cn Adnbs¸Sp¶ NXpc¸bdnsâ P·tZiw aUKmkvIdmWv. ]bÀhÀK§fnepw sam¯apÅ ]¨¡dnIfnepwsh¨v Gähpw A[nIw amwkyw AYhm t{]m«o³ AS§nbn«pÅ hnfbpw NXpc¸bÀXs¶. ...
\mbIÄ¡pw thWw hymbmaw
Im©\¡q«nemsW¦nepw \nXy_Ô\w \mbv¡fpsS imcocnI, am\knImtcmKys¯ {]XnIqeambn _m[n¡pw. \mbv¡sf apgph³ kabw Iq«neS¨nSp¶Xv {IqchpamWv. AXn\m \mbv¡Ä¡v IrXyamb hymbmaw ...
tIcf¯nsâ £oc klImcn
£otcmXv]mZI klIcW kwL§Ä hgn Gähpw IqSpX ]m hn]W\w \S¯nbXn\pÅ kwØm\ £ochnIk\ hIp¸nsâ Cu hÀjs¯ £ocklImcn ]pckvImcw tIm«bw, ssh¡w Snhn]pcs¯ Poh³ ^mwkv DSa am´phÅ...
C\nbpw ]Sn¡p]pd¯p \nÀ¯cpXv shfns¨®sb
Atacn¡ DĸsSbpÅ hntZiobcpsS `£W{Ia¯n Hgn¨pIqSm\mhm¯ Øm\amWv C¶v shfns¨® Im]vkyqfn\v. F¶m&...
anI¨IÀjI³ ]¸mb Irjnbnepw kPohw
Gew, PmXn AS¡apÅ IrjnIfneqsS kwØm\ Xe¯n {it²b \mb ae¸pdw taemäqÀ amXyp sk_mkväy³ ]¸mb IrjnbneqsS {i...
D]Nmc]qÀhw RWvSpIÅn
XWvSpIfpsS A{K`mKtamtcm¶pw RWvSn³Imept]mse \J§fpÅXv; C§s\ RWvSn³Imept]mse XWvSpIfpÅ IÅns¨SnbmWv {Im_v ImIväkv ...
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