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C´y³ BImi¯v Fþ380 hnam\hpw
BImi hnkvabamb kq¸À Pwt_m F380 FbÀ_kv kÀhokv sshImsX C´ybnte¡pw. temI¯nse Gähpw henb ]mk©À ^vssfämb FbÀ_kv F380 C´ybnte¡v kÀhokv Bcw`n¡m³ PÀa\nbnse U¨v ep^vXm³k FPnbpw Zp_mbv BØm\ambn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ Fantdävkv FbÀsse³kpw XbmsdSp¡pIbmWv. Ignª cWvSphÀjambn tI{µkÀ¡mcnsâ A\paXn¡mbn Im¯ncn¡pIbmbncp¶p ChÀ.

F´mWv FbÀ_kv Fþ380

\mev F³Pnt\mSpIqSnb sPäv FbÀsse\dmb FbÀ_kv F380 GsXmcp hnam\I¼\nbpsSbpw kz]v\]£nbmWv. bqtdm]y³ tImÀ]tdj\mb CFUnFknsâ k_vknUnbdn I¼\nbmb FbÀ_kmWv Cu U_nÄU¡v FbÀ{Im^väv \nÀan¡p¶Xv. temI¯nse Gähpw henb ]mk©À FbÀsse\dmWnXv. AXpsImWvSpXs¶ temI¯nse `qcn`mKw FbÀt]mÀ«pIÄ¡pw ChbpsS tkh\w e`yam¡m³ ASnØm\ kuIcy§Ä hnIkn¸nt¡WvSXmbn hcp¶p. henb FbÀ{Im^väpIfpWvSm¡p¶ t_mbnwKv I¼\nbpsS Ip¯I XIÀ¡p¶Xn\pthWvSn 2005 G{]n 27\v FbÀ_knsâ F380 ^vfmäv BZyambn BImi¯v h«an«p. 2007þ knwK¸qÀ FbÀsse³kv F380 FbÀ_kv BZyambn hmWnPymSnØm\¯n kÀhokv Bcw`n¨p.

F380bpsS Xmsgs¯ U¡n\p kam\ koäpIfmWv apIfnes¯ sU¡nepapÅXv. 5,145.1 kvIzbÀ^oäv ^vtfmÀ kvt]kpWvSv. ]mk©À FbÀsse\dpIfn cWvSmwØm\w t_mbnwKv 747 BWv. t_mbnwKnt\¡mÄ 49 iXam\w A[nIhen¸amWv F380bv¡pÅXv. 525 apX 853 bm{X¡mÀ¡phsc k©cn¡mhp¶ hnam\¯n aq¶p ¢mkv tIm¬^nKtdj\mWpÅXv. CXphscbpÅ IW¡pIf\pkcn¨v 257 Øm]\§Ä F380 ]mk©À ^vssfäpIÄ¡v HmÀUÀ \ÂIn. CXn 86 hnam\§Ä kÀhokn\mbn \ÂIn¡gnªp. 90 FbÀ {Im^väpIÄ HmÀUÀ \ÂInbncn¡p¶ FantdävkmWv F380 FbÀ_knsâ Gähpw henb D]t`màm¡Ä.

FbÀ kÀhokv F{Knsaâv

cmPy§Ä X½nepÅ FbÀ kÀhokv F{Knsaân (FFkvF) CfhpIÄ hcp¯ns¡mWvSv thymabm\ a{´mebw F380 kÀhokv \S¯p¶Xn\pÅ A\paXn¡mbn \S]SnIÄ Bcw`n¨pIgnªp. GXpXc¯nepÅ ^vssfäpIfmWv cWvSp cmPy§Ä X½nepÅ hnam\ kÀhokpIÄ¡v D]tbmKnt¡WvSsX¶v FbÀ kÀhokv F{KnsaânemWv kqNn¸n¡p¶Xv. ]pXnb CfhpItfmsS FbÀ{Im^väv ssS¸v F¶pÅ t¢mkv FSp¯pIfbpIbmWv. CtXmsS A´ÀtZiob I¼\nIÄ¡v GXpXc¯nepÅ FbÀ{Im^väpIfpambn C´ybn \n¶p kÀhokv Bcw`n¡m³ km[n¡pw. F¶ncp¶mepw BgvNbn kÀhokv \S¯p¶ koäpIfpsS F®w, sUÌnt\j³ t]mbnâpIÄ F¶nh FFkvF F{Knsaân kqNn¸n¨ncn¡Ww.

FbÀ_kv F380 kÀhokv \S¯m³ tI{µkÀ¡mcnsâ A\paXn¡mbn Im¯ncn¡p¶ ep^vXm³k, Fantdävkv F¶o I¼\nIÄ¡v thymabm\ a{´meb¯nsâ ]pXnb \o¡w KpWw sN¿pw.

FFkvFIfn FbÀ{Im^väv ssS¸v t¢mkv FSp¯pIfbm³ Kh¬saâv XXz¯n AwKoIcn¨pIgnªp. Cu CfthmSpIqSn hntZi FbÀsse³kpIÄ¡v F380 ^vssfäpIÄhsc C´ybnte¡v kÀhokv \S¯m³ km[n¡pw. Hcp \n_Ô\ am{Xta kÀ¡mcn\pÅq. BgvNbn kÀhokv \S¯msa¶v FFkvF F{Knsaân Dd¸p\ÂInbn«pÅ koäpIÄ kÀhokv \S¯nbncn¡Ww þ thymabm\ a{´meb¯nse Hcp D¶X DtZymKس hyàam¡n.

C´y³ thymabm\ cwKs¯ ]pXnb hmÀ¯Isf¡pdn¨v PÀa³ I¼\nbmb en^vXm³k {]XnIcn¨n«nÃ. Gähpw ]pXnb tkh\ kuIcy§Ä hnam\bm{X¡mÀ¡v \ÂIm³ {]XnÚm_²amsW¶v Fantdäv A[nIrXÀ hyàam¡n. CXv C´ym Kh¬saânsâ \sÃmcp \S]SnbmWv. FbÀt]mÀ«v C³{^mkv{SIvNÀ, FbÀsse³kpIÄ¡v Hcp koän\v sNehmIp¶ XpI, Cu taJebnse aÕcw, kokW Unam³Uv, bm{X¡mcpsS F®w F¶nh ]cnKWn¨v sa¨amIp¶ dq«msW¦n hnam\¡¼\nIÄ¡v kÀhokv XpS§m³ km[n¡psa¶v t¥m_ I¬kÄ«³knbmb sI]nFwPnbpsS Xeh³ Bw_À Zps_ ]dªp. F¦nepw cWvSpcmPy§Ä X½nepÅ hnam\kÀhokpIÄ FbÀ kÀhokv F{Knsaân\\pkcn¨mtWm {]hÀ¯n¡p¶sX¶v Kh¬saânsâ iàamb \nco£Ww BhiyamsW¶pw At±lw Iq«nt¨À¯p.

\nehn C´ybnse UÂln, sslZcm_mZv, _mwKfqÀ FbÀt]mÀ«pIÄ¡pam{XamWv F380 hnam\kÀhokv \S¯m\pÅ ASnØm\ kuIcy§fpÅXv. d¬thbpsS I¸mknän, Fbtdm{_nUvPpIÄ, Aánia\ kwhn[m\w, {KuWvSv lm³UvenwKv kuIcyw, sSÀan\ I¸mknän F¶o kuIcy§Ä thWvSpthmfapÅ UÂln CµncmKmÔn CâÀ\mjW FbÀt]mÀ«n\v F380 FbÀ_kv kÀhokv \S¯m³ km[n¡psa¶v FbÀt]mÀ«v A[nIrXÀ hyàam¡n.

sIm¨nbnse¯m\pw sshInÃ

sIm¨n A´mcmjv{S hnam\¯mhf¯n Fþ380 Cd§m³ Ct¸mgs¯ d¬thbn Imcyamb amäw hcpt¯WvSXnÃ. Fantdävkv A[nIrXÀ t\cs¯ CXpkw_Ôn¨v At\zjW§Ä \S¯nbncp¶p. Ct¸mÄ sIm¨nbn \n¶p {]XnZn\w cWvSp kÀhokpIfmWpÅXv. _nþ777, F340þ332 ^vssfäpIfmWv Fantdävkv kÀhokn\v D]tbmKn¡p¶Xv.

F380 t]mepÅ hnam\kÀhokpIÄ hcp¶tXmSpIqSn Hcp koän\phcp¶ sNehv IpdbpIbpw AXpaqew hnam\¡¼\nIÄ IqSpX em`¯nemIm\pÅ km[yXbpsWvS¶mWv Cu cwKs¯ hnZKv[cpsS A`n{]mbw. CÔ\s¨ehmWv hnam\I¼\nIsf {]XnkÔnbnem¡p¶ {][m\ LSIw. hnam\§Ä DbÀ¶ps]m§pt¼mgpw em³Uv sN¿pt¼mgpamWv Gähpw IqSpX CÔ\s¨ehv DWvSmIp¶Xv. Hscmä FbÀ{Im^vän IqSpX bm{X¡mcpambn kÀhokv \S¯pt¼mÄ C§s\bpÅ CÔ\s¨ehv bm{X¡mcpsS F®w IqSp¶X\pkcn¨v B\p]mXnIambn Ipdbp¶p. X·qew I¼\nIÄ IqSpX em`¯nemIpw. AtXmsS cmPym´c hnam\kÀhokpIÄ \S¯p¶ I¼\nIÄ aÕcmSnØm\¯n bm{Xm\nc¡v Ipdbv¡m\pw km[yXbpWvSv. IqSpX kuIcyhpw H¸w sNehp Ipdª bm{Xbpw e`n¡p¶XpsImWvSv C¯cw kq¸À Pwt_m ^vssfäpIÄ kÀhokv Bcw`n¡p¶Xv hnam\bm{XnIÀ¡v KpWIcamWv.

525 koäpIfpÅ U_nÄ U¡À hnam\amb F380þ aq¶p ¢mkpIfnembmWv bm{X. koäpIfpsS hnimeamb hn\ymkwaqew bm{XnIÀ¡v AhcpsS Ìmäkn\pw ]W¯n\pa\pkcn¨v CjvSs¸« CSw sXcsªSp¡m³ km[n¡pw. hnam\¯nsâ `oamImcamb hep¸waqew cmPys¯ an¡ FbÀt]mÀ«pIfpsSbpw ASnØm\kuIcy§Ä hnIkn¸nt¡WvSXmbn hcpw.

þs_¶n tUhokv

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