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]cnØnXn kwc£n¡m³ IÀjIsc IpSnbnd¡tWm ?

tUm. tPmkv tPmk^v

{]^kÀ B³Uv slUv, hnÚm\hym]\hn`mKw, ImÀjnI tImfPv, ]S¶¡mSv

KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«pw s\Ãnbm¼Xn FtÌäv hnhmZ§fpw IpSntbä taJeIfnse IÀjIÀ¡nSbn Bi¦bpsS \ngepIÄ ]c¯nbncn¡pIbmWv. KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«v tI{µþkwØm\ Kh¬saâpIÄ A´naambn AwKoIcn¨n«nsænepw ]ÝnaL«§fnse hnhn[ ]²XnIÄ¡v dnt¸mÀ«n \nÀt±in¨ncn¡p¶ hyhØIÄ¡\pkcn¨p am{Xta A\paXn \ÂImhq F¶v tZiob {Ko³ ss{S_yqW CXn\Iw HcnS¡me D¯chneqsS hyàam¡n¡gnªp. Irjn¡pw \nÀ½mW{]hÀ¯\§Ä¡pw KmUvKn I½nän \nÀt±in¨ncn¡p¶ \nb{´W§Ä ]ÝnaL«§fnse ]cnØnXn hnteme taJeIfn DS³ Xs¶ \S¸m¡Wsa¶mWv Hcp hn`mKw ]cnØnXn {]hÀ¯IcpsS Bhiyw. CtXmsSm¸w h\yarK§fpsS CS\mgnIÄ ]p\xØm]n¡p¶Xn\pw kwc£nX tI{µ§Ä¡pNpäpw _^À tkmWpIÄ GÀs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\pw aäpambn Cu {]tZi§fnse IpSntbäw Hgn¸n¡Wsa¶pw ChÀ Bhiys¸Sp¶p. \nXyhr¯n¡pw D]Poh\ kpc£nXXz¯n\pw thWvSn aqt¶m \mtem XeapdIÄ¡p ap¼v tIcf¯nse hnhn[ PnÃIfnse ae{¼tZi§fn {]XnIqeImemhØtbmSpw h\yarK§tfmSpw aÃn«v IpSntbdnb e£¡W¡n\v IpSntbä IÀjIsc `qanIt¿ä¡mcpw `qam^nbbpsS hàm¡fpambn Nn{XoIcn¡p¶Xv tIcf¯n ASp¯Ime¯v hmNItafbneqsS ]cnØnXn kwc£Ww \S¯p¶hcpsS CSbn Hcp ^mj\mbn amdnbn«pWvSv. hmkvXh¯n tIcf¯nsâ ImÀjnI taJebpsS \s«ÃmWv IpSntbä taJebnse IÀjIÀ. ]cnØnXnbpsS t]cn Cu IÀjIsc t{Zmln¡m\pÅ GsXmcp \o¡hpw Irjnsbbpw ]cnØnXnsbbpw Hcpt]mse XIÀ¡pItb DÅq.

cmPys¯ ae{¼tZi§fpsS 65 iXam\hpw h\ambn kwc£n¡pIbmWv tZiob e£ysa¶v KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«n ]dbp¶p. ]ÝnaL«§fpsS {]tXyIamb ]cnØnXn {]m[m\yw IW¡nseSp¯v ChnSs¯ h\§fpsS hnkvXrXn sam¯w hnkvXrXnbpsS 75 iXam\sa¦nepambn DbÀ¯Wsa¶mWv KmUvKn I½nänbpsS in]mÀi. h\t¯m«§Ä DÄs¸sS tIcf¯nse Ct¸mgs¯ h\hnkvXrXn tIcf¯nsâ sam¯w `qhnkvXrXnbpsS GItZiw 30 iXam\t¯mfw hcpw. Ignª Ipsd¡meambn tIcf¯nsâ h\hnkvXrXn henb amä§fnÃmsX Gsd¡psd Øncambn \n¡pIbmWv. tIcf¯nsâ h\hnkvXrXn KmUvKn I½nän in]mÀisN¿p¶Xpt]mse 75 iXam\ambn DbÀ¯Wsa¦n dnt¸mÀ«n ]mcnØnXnI hnteme taJeIfmbn kqNn¸n¡p¶ {]tZi§fnse Irjn`qan h³tXmXn IpSnsbmgn¸nt¡WvSnhcpw. CXv {]mtbmKnIamtWm F¶XmWv {]kàamb H¶mas¯ tNmZyw. C§s\ IpSnsbmgn¸n¡m³ XpS§nbm Xs¶ GXp XobXn¡p ap¼pÅ IpSntbä§Ä Hgn¸nt¡WvSnhcpsa¶XmWv cWvSmas¯ tNmZyw. 1977 \p ap¼pÅ IpSntbä§Ä¡v \nbakm[pX \ÂIn ssIhi`qan¡v IÀjIÀ¡v ]«bw \ÂIm\pÅ Xocpam\w hfsc ap¼pXs¶ kwØm\ kÀ¡mÀ FSp¯n«pÅXmWv. Cu kmlNcy¯n h\kwc£W¯nsâ t]cn IpSntbä IÀjIsc Hgn¸n¡Wsa¶ hmZw Cu taJebn ]pXnb kwLÀj§Ä¡v hgnsXfn¡pItbDÅq.

tIcf¯nse 633 Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§Ä KmUvKn I½nän \nÀt±in¨ ]mcnØnXnI ZpÀ_e taJeIfn DÄs¸Sp¶psh¶v "]ÝnaL« hnZKv[ kanXn dnt¸mÀ«v' tIcf¯n\p {]kàamb `mK§Ä F¶ t]cn tIcf kwØm\ ssPhsshhn[yt_mÀUv {]kn²oIcn¨ dnt¸mÀ«n ]dbp¶p. Be¸pg HgnsIbpÅ tIcf¯nse 13 PnÃIfnepw ]ÝnaL«hpambn _Ôs¸« ]mcnØnXnI ZpÀ_e taJeIfpWvSv. CSp¡n PnÃbnse FÃm ]©mb¯pIfpw, sXmSp]pg ap\nkn¸menänbpw KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«v {]ImcapÅ H¶mas¯ ]mcnØnXnI ZpÀ_e taJebnemWv. H¶mw taJebn tIcfsam«msI 158 Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§fmWv hcp¶sX¶v dnt¸mÀ«n ]dbp¶p. cWvSmw ]cnØnXn hnteme taJebn 268 ]©mb¯pIfpw aq¶mw taJebn 439 ]©mb¯pIfpw DÄs¸Sp¶p. hb\mSv PnÃbnse 27 ]©mb¯pIfn 23 Dw H¶mw ]cnØnXn hnteme taJebnemWv. Xncph\´]pcw tImÀ¸tdjsâ Nne `mK§fpw s\Spa§mSv ap\nkn¸menänbpsaÃmw H¶mw ]cnØnXn hnteme taJebn DÄs¸Spw. IÀi\ \nb{´W§Ä in]mÀi sNbvXncn¡p¶ ]cnØnXn hnteme taJe H¶nepw cWvSnepw s]Sp¶ ]©mb¯pIfpsS _lp`qcn]£hpw tIcf¯nse {][m\s¸« IpSntbä taJe IfmWv. ]cnØnXn kwc£W¯n\v ChnsS IpSnbnd¡v DÄs¸sSbpÅ \S]SnIÄ thWsa¶v Nne ]cnØnXn kwLS\IÄ Hfnªpw sXfn ªpw ]dbp¶p. KmUvKn I½nän ]cnØnXn hnteme taJeIÄ¡p ]pdsa tIcf¯nse hnhn[ PnÃIfnembn 18 kwc£nX tI{µ§fpw \nÀt±in¨n«pWvSv. h\yPohn kwc£Whpambn _Ôs¸« Cu kwc£nX tI{µ§Ä (Proteted Areas) kw_Ôn¨ hyàamb \nÀt±i§Ä KmUvKn I½nän \ÂInbn«nÃ. ]\¯Sn, {_ÒKncnþXncps\Ãn, hb\mSv, _mWmkpcþIpäymSn, \ne¼qÀþta¸mSn, sskeâv hmenþ \yq Aac¼ew, incphmWn, s\Ãnbmw]Xn, ]o¨nþhmgm\n, AXnc¸nÅnþhmg¨mÂ, ]qbwIp«nþaq¶mÀ, ImÀUaw lnÂkv, s]cnbmÀ, Ipf¯q¸pg, AKkvXyae XpS§nb kwc£nX tI{µ§fnepw Ahbv¡p NpäpapÅ ]cnØnXn hnteme taJeIfnepambn 91 Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§Ä DÄs¡mÅp¶p. Cu {]tZi§fpw tIcf¯nse {][m\s¸« IpSntbä taJeIfmWv.

ctWvSm AXne[nItam h\yPohn BhmktI{µ§sf ]pcmX\ Imew apXÂt¡ X½n _Ôn¸n¡p¶Xpw h\yPohnIÄ Cu Bhmk hyhØIfneqsS At\ym\w IS¡p¶Xpamb {]tZi§fmWv h\CS\mgnIÄ. AcphnIÄ, \ZnbpsS DdhnS§Ä, \ZnIÄ F¶nhsbÃmw h\yPohnIfpsS CS\mgnIfmWv. h\yPohnIfpsS CS\mgnIsf¶v Ct¸mÄ hntijn¸n¡s¸Sp¶ ]e {]tZi§fpw Imem´c¯n IpSntbäs¯ XpSÀ¶v \n_nU P\hmkapÅ ImÀjnI {]tZi§fmbn amdnbhbmWv. cWvSp h\{]tZi§Ä¡nSbnepÅ h\ CS\mgnIfnse IpSntbäw Hgn¸n¨v B {]tZi§sf h\am¡n amän h\CS\mgnIÄ ]p\xØm]n¡Wsa¶XmWv ]cnØnXn hmZnIfpsS asämcp Bhiyw. s\Ãnbm¼Xn {]tZiw ]d¼n¡pfw ISphmkt¦X¯nte¡pÅ h\C\SmgnbmbXn\m Cu {]tZis¯ 10,000 G¡tdmfw IpSntbäw Hgn¸n¨v CXv h\`qanbm¡n amäWsa¶mWv Bhiyw. C§s\ sNbvXm ISph, B\ XpS§nb h\yPohnIÄ¡v ]d¼n¡pfw h\taJebv¡v ]pdt¯¡pw AIt¯¡pw btYjvSw k©cn¡m\mhpsa¶v ChÀ hmZn¡p¶p. tIcf¯nse aäp {][m\s¸« h\taJeItfmSp tNÀ¶pw C¯cw h\CS\mgnIfpWvSv.

CSp¡n PnÃbnse ImÀUaw lnÂkv F¶dnbs¸Sp¶ {]tZihpw CXpt]mepÅ Hcp h\CS\mgnbmsW¶mWv hmZw. aXnsI«m³ h\taJebn \n¶pw tX¡Sn s]cnbmÀ ISphmkt¦X¯nte¡pÅ h\CS\mgn bmWs{X ImÀUaw lnÂkv F¶dnbs¸Sp¶ GeaeIÄ. N¡p]Åw, ]m¼mSpw]md, hWvSt·Sv, IcpWm]pcw, s\Sp¦WvSw, DSp¼³tNme, im´³]md F¶o ]©mb¯pIfnse 606 NXpc{iIntemanäÀ {]tZiw kwc£nX h\taJebmbn amänbm aXnsI«m\n \n¶pw tX¡Snbnte¡pÅ h\CS\mgn ]p\xØm]n¡m\mhpw Cu taJebnse a\pjyhmksamgnhm¡nbm h\yarK§Ä¡v aXnsI«m\pw tX¡Sn¡panSbn btYjvSw k©cn¡m³ kmlNcysamcp§pw. 2010  DSp¼³tNme Xmeq¡n kwØm\ ssPhsshhn[y t_mÀUv \S¸m¡nb I½yqWnän dnkÀ¨v ]²Xn Hcp amXrIm]²Xnbmbn KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«n NqWvSn¡mWn¡p¶pWvSv. {]mtZinI _tbm ssUthgvknän amt\Pvsaâv I½nänIÄ, {XnXe ]©mb¯pIÄ F¶nhsb kwØm\ _tbm ssUthgvknän t_mÀUv, tZiob _tbmsskthgvknän t_mÀUv F¶nhbpambn _Ôs¸Sp¯n ssPhsshhn[yw kwc£n¡p¶ amXrIm]²XnbmWnsX¶v dnt¸mÀ«n ]dbp¶p. Geae¡mSpIfnse A]qÀÆamb ssPhsshhn[yw P\Iob ]¦mfn¯t¯msS kwc£n¡pIbmWv Cu amXrIm]²XnbpsS e£ysa¶v kwØm\ _tbm ssUthgvknän t_mÀUv ASnhcbn«p ]dbp¶psWvS¦nepw aXnsI«m\pw tX¡Sn¡panSbn h\yPohn CS\mgn ]p\xØm]n¡pIbmWv CXnsâ ]n¶nse KqVe£ysa¶v IÀjIkwLS\IÄ Btcm]n¡p¶p. Ct¸mÄ Xs¶ tIcf¯nse ]e IpSntbä taJeIfnepw h\yPohn B{IaW¯m Irjn\miw hym]Iambn kw`hn¡p¶pWvSv. ]WvSpIme¯v \ne\n¶ncp¶psh¶p ]dbs¸Sp¶ h\yPohn CS\mgnIÄ ]p\xØm]n¨m kao]{]tZi§fnseÃmw Irjn Akm[yambn¯ocpsa¶mWv IÀjIcpsS `oXn.

h\yarK kt¦X§Ä, tZiob ]mÀ¡pIÄ, kwc£nX taJeIÄ XpS§nb kwc£nX tI{µ§fpsS AXncpIfn \n¶v 10 IntemaoäÀ hscbpÅ {]tZi§Ä k½À± \ntcm[nX _^À tkmWpIfmbnamäWsa¶ \nÀt±ihpw KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«nepWvSv. s\Ãnbm¼Xn ]d¼n¡pfw h\yPohn kwc£WtI{µ¯nsâ _^ÀtkmWmbn amdp¶Xpt]mse tX¡Sn, CSp¡n XpS§nb h\yarKtI{µ§fpsSbpw aäv kwc£nX taJeIfpsSbpw 10 IntemaoäÀ hscbpÅ {]tZi§Ä _^ÀtkmWpIfmbn amtäWvSnhcpw. bps\kvtImbpsS temI ss]XrI ]«nIbnte¡v \nÀt±in¡s¸« {]tZi§fpsS 10 IntemaoäÀ hsc ZqscbpÅ {]tZi§fnepw C¯cw k½À±\ntcm[nX _^ÀtkmWpIÄ Øm]nt¡WvSnhcpw. Hcp ]cnØnXnþP\kulrZ ]cn]me\ kwhn[m\amWv _^À tkmWpIfn cq]w sImtÅWvSsX¶mWv KmUvKn I½nänbpsS in]mÀi. Hcp {]tZis¯ \oÀamdn {]tZi§Ä, {Kma§fpsS AXncpIÄ F¶nh IW¡nseSp¯pw P\Iob A[nImcØm]\§fpsS A`n{]mb§fpsS ASnØm\¯nepw thWw _^À tkmWpIÄ \nÝbn¡m³. kwc£nXn]cnØnXn {][m\ tI{µ§fpsS 10 IntemaoäÀ Zqcw hsc _^À tkmWpIÄ cq]oIcn¡m\pÅ \nÀt±i§fpw ^e¯n Cu taJebnse Irjnbpw D]Poh\{]hÀ¯\§fpw Akm[yam¡n¯oÀ¡pw.

]s¯m¼Xmw \qämWvSnsâ Bcw`¯n AXmbXv 200 hÀjw ap¼v tIcf¯nsâ `qhnkvXrXnbpsS 75 iXam\hpw h\{]tZi§fmbncp¶p. 100 hÀjw sImWvSv AXv t\À]IpXnbmbn Ipdªp. Cu ImeL«¯nsem¶pw tIcf¯nse IpSntbäw Bcw`n¨n«nÃ. ]s¯m¼Xmw \qämWvSnsâ Ahkm\hpw Ccp]Xmw \qämWvSnsâ Bcw`¯nepw ]ÝnaL«§fnte¡v {_n«ojpImÀ tXbnet¯m«§fpw Im¸nt¯m«§fpw Øm]n¡m³ IS¶ph¶tXmsSbmWv ]ÝnaL«§fnse h\§Ä h³tXmXn apdn¨pamäs¸«Xv. ]ÝnaL«§fnse `q{]IrXnbnepWvSmb h³tXmXnepÅ amäw 1750 apX XpÀ¨bmbn \S¶phcp¶ Hcp {]{InbbmsW¶v KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«n Xs¶ ]dbp¶papWvSv. tIcfw, IÀ®mSIw, Xangv\mSv F¶o ]ÝnaL« kwØm\§fn \S¯nb Hcp ]T\¯n \n¶pw hyàambXv 1920 \pw 90 \panSbn Xs¶ ]ÝnaL«§fnse {]mYanI h\§fpsS 40 iXam\hpw aämhiy§Ä¡pthWvSn amäs¸«p F¶mWv. C¶v ]ÝnaL«§fnse GgpiXam\¯n Xmsg {]tZi§Ä am{Xsa {]mYanI h\§fmbn IW¡m¡s¸Sp¶pÅq. 1950 \pw 1980 \pw CSbn h\hn`h§sf ASnØm\am¡nbpÅ t]¸À, XSn, ss¹hpUv XpS§nbhbv¡pthWvSnbpw h\§Ä h³tXmXn \in¸n¡s¸«p. C¶v ]ÝnaL«§fpsS _lp`qcn]£w {]tZi§fpw Ces]mgnbpw ImSpIÄ t]mepÅ ZznXob h\amb hyhØtbm, tXm«hnfIfpsSAS¡apÅ GsX¦nepw ac§fpsS BhcWw ImWs¸Sp¶htbm BWv.

cWvSmw temIalmbp²t¯mS\p_Ôn¨pWvSmb {]tXyI km¼¯nI kmaqlnI kmlNcy§fmWv kaXe§fn \n¶pw ]ÝnaL«§fnse ae{¼tZi§fnte¡v h³tXmXnepÅ IpSntbäw XzcnXs¸Sp¯nbXv. tXm«w taJe hym]n¨Xns\ XpSÀ¶pWvSmb tdmUv kuIcy§fpw PesshZypX ]²XnIÄ¡pthWvSn IqSpX {]tZi§Ä sh«nshfp¸n¨Xpw IpSntbä¯n\v A\pIqeamb kmlNcyapWvSm¡n. Ignª 100 hÀjambn IqSpX IrjnsN¿p¶Xn\mbn BfpIÄ tIcf¯nsâ Ing¡³ taJeIfnte¡p IpSntbdp¶pWvSv. tIcf¯nse XoctZi taJesbmgnsIbpÅ {]tZi§sfÃmw Xs¶ cWvSp \qämWvSn\pap¼p hsc h\{]tZi§fmbncp¶p. P\kwJymhÀ[\hnsâ k½À±w IqSpX {]tZi§sf P\hmktI{µ§fm¡n. ASp¯Imew hsc tIcfobcpsS apJy D]Poh\amÀKw Irjnbmbncp¶XpsImWvSv IpSntbdnb {]tZi§fnseÃmw IÀjIÀ s]m¶phnfbn¨p. cWvSmw temIalmbp²¯n\p tijapÅ ImÂ\qämWvSpImew tIcf¯nse IÀjI IpSntbäw IqSpX hym]Iambn. \mWyhnfIsf t{]mÕmln¸n¡p¶ kÀ¡mÀ \bhpw tImfWnIÄ Øm]n¨v kÀ¡mÀ taÂt\m«¯n \S¸m¡nb t{Km tamÀ ^pUv Im¼bn³ t]mepÅ ]²XnIfpw IpSntbä¯n\v A\pIqeamb kmlNcyw krjvSn¨p. ]cnØnXn t_m[hpw ssPhsshhn[y kwc£W¯nsâ {]m[m\yhpsam¶pw kaql¯n C¶s¯t¸mse hym]Iambn thtcmSnbn«nÃm¯ Hcp ImeL«¯nembncp¶p tIcf¯nse ae{¼tZi§fnte¡pÅ IpSntbäw. AXnPoh\¯nsâ `mKambn \S¯nb B ]emb\w h\hpw ]cnØnXnbpw \in¸n¡m³ thWvSn Bkq{XnXambn \S¸m¡nb Hcp KqV]²Xnsbm¶paÃmbncp¶p. h³InStXm«§fpw h³PesshZypX ]²XnIfpw h\hn`h§sf ASnØm\am¡nbpÅ hyhkmb§fpw tNÀ¶v ]ÝnaL«§fn \S¯nb h\\ioIcWhpambn XmcXayw sN¿pt¼mÄ IpSntbä IÀjIÀ \S¯nb ]cnØnXn hn\miw XmcXtay\ sNdpXmWv. ]ÝnaL«§fnse tXm«§Ä GIhnf Irjn k{¼Zmbw hym]n¸n¨t¸mÄ IqSntbä IÀjIÀ ^ehr£§fpw \mWyhnfIfpw `£yhnfIfpw hfÀ¯parK§fpsaÃmw IqSnt¨À¶ ]cnØnXn kulrZ]camb ho«phf¸nse IrjnbnemWv {i²tI{µoIcn¨Xv.

tIcf¯nse IpSntbä taJeIfnse IÀjIcpsS aqt¶m \mtem Xeapd ]n¶nSpt¼mgmWv Cu {]tZi§fnse Irjn`qanIfpw tXm«§fpsaÃmw GsäSp¯v h\CS\mgnIfpw _^ÀtkmWpIfpsaÃmw Øm]n¡Wsa¶ apdhnfn ]etImWpIfn \n¶pw Dbcp¶Xv. tIcf¯n Ct¸mÄ apgph³ kab IÀjIÀ Gsd¡psd Ahtijn¨ncn¡p¶Xv IpSntbä taJeIfnemWv. Cu taJebn DWvSmIp¶ GXp {]XnIqe kmlNcyhpw tIcf¯nse Irjn¡v Xncn¨SnbpWvSm¡pw. tIcf¯nse kaXe{]tZi§fnse P\kwJym k½À±w hensbmcfhphsc Ipd¨Xv Ignª Ime§fnse IpSntbäambncp¶p. ]ÝnaL«§fnse ]cnØnXn ZpÀ_e taJeIfnse IÀjIsc IpSnbnd¡n h\w ]p\xØm]n¡Wsa¶v Bhiys¸Sp¶hÀ Cu IÀjIsc FhnsS IpSnbncp¯psa¶pIqSn ]dtbWvSXpWvSv. CSp¡nþhb\mSv PnÃIfnse H¶mw ]cnØnXn hnteme taJeIfn am{Xw 20 e£t¯mfw P\§Ä A[nhkn¡p¶pWvSv. h\h¡cW¯n\pw ]cnØnXn kwc£W¯n\pambn \nb{´W§Ä GÀs¸Sp¯nbm ChcpsS D]Poh\ kpc£nXXzw Bcv Dd¸m¡pw? IpSnbndt¡WvSnh¶m Chsc FhnsS ]p\c[nhkn¸n¡pw? tIcf¯nse aäp ]cnØnXn ZpÀ_e taJeIfnse IpSntbä IÀjIcpsS Imcy¯nepw Cu tNmZy§Ä {]kàamWv. ]ÝnaL«§fnse Hcp h\{]tZihpw kzm`mhnIambn ]p\xØm]n¡m\mhm¯XmsW¶ncns¡ Hcn¡Â h\ambncp¶ `q{]tZi§Ä hoWvSpw kzm`mhnI h\ambn amämsa¶ {]Xo£ tIhew acoNnIbmbn Ahtijn¡pItbbpÅq.

tIcf¯nse ]ÝnaL« ae{¼tZi§Ä am{Xaà Xoc{]tZi§fpw CS\mSpIfpsaÃmw Xo{hamb ]cnØnXn hn\mi¯nsâ ]SnbnemWv. hbÂ\nI¯epw aWÂJ\\hpw A\[nIrX Icn¦Â IzmdnIfpw Ip¶nSn¡epsaÃmw tIcf¯nse FÃm {]tZi§fnepw ImWmw. h\§tfmsSm¸w Xs¶ ]cnØnXn kwc£W¯n \nÀ®mbI {]m[m\yapÅhbmWv s\ÂhbepIfpw X®oÀ¯S§fpw. tIcf¯n 1980  8 e£w slIvSÀ Øe¯v s\ÂhbepIfpWvSmbncp¶Xv Ignª hÀjw 2.13 e£w slIvSdnte¡v Npcp§n. 30 hÀj¯n\nSbn tIcf¯n Bdpe£t¯mfw slIvSÀ Øe¯mWv s\ÂIrjn CÃmsXbmbXv. \nI¯s¸« s\ÂhbepIfpsS knwl`mKhpw ]ÝnaL«§Ä¡p ]pd¯pÅ kaXe§fnse \Kc§tfmSp tNÀ¶ {]tZi§fnemWv. ]ÝnaL«§fpsS ]cnØnXn kwc£W¯n\pthWvSn h³tXmXn IpSnbnd¡v \S¯Wsa¶p hmZn¡p¶hÀ ]cnØnXn kwc£n¡m³ X®oÀ¯S§fpw s\ÂhbepIfpw Xncn¨p]nSn¡Wsa¶v Bhiys¸Sm¯Xv XnIª Cc«¯m¸mWv.

tIcf¯nse IpSntbäw Hcp Häs¸« kw`haÃ. ]ÝnaL«§fnse aäp kwØm\§fnse ae{¼tZi§fnepw CtXImeL«¯n h³tXmXnepÅ IpSntbäapWvSmbn«pWvSv. temINcn{Xw ]cntim[n¨m Atacn¡bpw emän\tacn¡³ cmPy§fpapÄs¸sSbpÅ ]e cmPy§fpw cq]s¸«Xpw hnIkn¨Xpw IpSntbä¯nsâ ^eambn«msW¶p ImWmw. kwØm\§Ä¡I¯pÅ IpSntbäw C´ybnse FÃm kwØm\§fnepw \S¡p¶pWvSv. D]Poh\ kpc£nXXz¯n\pw km¼¯nI kpc£nXXz¯n\pw thWvSnbpÅ P\§fpsS At\zjWbm{XIÄ F¡me¯papWvSmbn«pWvSv. ap³Ime§fn Ncn{X]camb ImcW§fm kw`hn¨n«pÅ FÃmhn[ IpSntbä§fpw AwKoIcn¨psImWvSpXs¶ Cu {]tZi§fnse P\§fpsS ]qÀ® ]¦mfn¯t¯msS ]cnØnXnbpw ssPhsshhn[yhpw kwc£n¡pIbmWv Gähpw {]mtbmKnIamb kao]\w.

]cnØnXn ]p\xØm]\¯n\pthWvSn IpSntbä IÀjIsc h³tXmXn IpSnbnd¡Wsa¶v Bhiys¸Sp¶Xpt]mse Xs¶ A]e]\obamWv ]ÝnaL«§fnse ae\ncIfn Hcp hn[¯nepÅ ]cnØnXn kwc£W \S]SnIfpw A\phZn¡nsö \ne]mSpw. Irjnbpw ]cnØnXnbpw Hcp t]mse kwc£n¡p¶ \S]SnIfmWv Cu {]tZi§fpsS \ne\n¸n\v Bhiyw. hnthN\anÃm¯ DuÀPnX IrjncoXnIfpw h³tXmXnepÅ ]cnØnXn \ioIcWhpw aäp kwØm\§sf¡mÄ tIcf¯nse ]ÝnaL« {]tZi§fn IqSpXemWv. Cu {]tZi§fnse Ahtijn¡p¶ {]mYanI h\§Ä Hcn©pt]mepw kwc£n¡s¸SWw. ssPhsshhn[yw kwc£W¯n\v IÀjI ]¦mfn¯t¯msSbpÅ h³ ]²XnIÄ thWw. hr£¯e¸pIÄ h³tXmXn apdn¨pamäns¡mWvSpÅ DuÀPnX IrjncoXnIÄ \ncpÕmls¸Sp¯Ww. Cu taJebnse Irjn BZmbIcambn \S¯ns¡mWvSpt]mIp¶Xn\pÅ ssPhIrjn ]mt¡PpIÄ hnkn¸ns¨Sp¡Ww. hn]W\¯n\pw aqeyhÀ[\hn\pw IÀjIÀ¡v klmbw \ÂIWw. hr£§fpw ImÀjnI hnfIfpw tNÀ¶ kwtbmPnX Øehn\ntbmK {Iaamb At{Kmt^mdkv{Sn AYhm ImÀjnI h\h¡cW ]cn]mSnIÄ¡,v ]ÝnaL«§fnse ]cnØXn ]p\xØm]\¯n\v ap³KW\ \ÂIWw. tXm«§fnse Xcnip`qanIfnepw ImÀjnI h\h¡cW coXnIÄ \S¸m¡Ww. IÀjIsc i{Xp]£¯m¡ns¡mWvSpÅ ]cnØnXn kwc£W \S]SnIÄ hn]coX ^ew am{Xta krjvSn¡q F¶v Xncn¨dnªpsImWvSpthWw Cu taJebnse hnhn[ ]²XnIÄ \S¸m¡m³.



a[pc KÔhpambn at\mcRvPn\n

a\pjya\kns\ cRvPn¸n¡p¶Xv F¶ AÀ°¯n A\zÀ°amb t]cv In«nb Hcp kpKÔ kpµc]pjv]w, AXmWv at\mcRvPn\n. at\mcRvPnXw F¶pw t]cpWvSv. kwkvIrX¯n lcNw], lcNw]I. khntijamb a[pcKÔamWv at\mcRvPn\nbpsS apJap{Z.
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N¡bneqsS `£yhn¹h¯nte¡v

]me¡mSv PnÃbpsS kmaqlytaJebn ap¸¯nbmdp hÀjambn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ ]o¸nÄkv kÀhokv skmsskän ]me¡mSv (]nFkvFkv]n) \qX\ Bib§fpw {]hÀ¯\ssienbpwsImWvSp X\Xv ap{Z]Xn¸n¨ k¶² kwLS\bmWv. 2012þse N¡ hnfshSp¸papX kwkvIcW¯neqsS D]t`mKw hÀ[n¸n¡p¶Xn\pw....
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ImemhØ amdp¶p, C\n ss¢aäv kvamÀ«v Irjn

Ignª A©p hÀj¯n\p tijw cmPyw hoWvSpw asämcp hcĨbnte¡v {]thin¡pIbmWv. Pqsse ]IpXn hsc In«nb a¬kq¬ agbpsS Afhv 43 iXam\t¯mfw IpdhmWv. ]k^nIv kap{Z¯nsâ D]cnXew XpSÀ¨bmbn NqSmIp¶XpsImWvSpWvSmIp¶ F \nt\m {]Xn`mkw....
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]ip hfÀ¯Â A{X tamiw ]WnbÃ...

hS¡t©cn (]me¡mSv): ]iphfÀ¯Â em`Icasöpw XcwXmgv¶ ]WnbmsW¶pw ]dªv ]pÑn¨p XÅp¶hÀ hmbnt¨mfq. awKew Kh¬saâv FÂ]n kvIqfn\p kao]apÅ cmlpÂhnÃbn ]ip ^mw \S¯p¶Xp ktlmZc§fmb bph A`n`mjI\pw bph tUmÎdpamWv.
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kq£vaaqeI§fpw hmg¡rjnbpw

aebmfnIsf kw_Ôn ¨nSt¯mfw ]gsa¶m hmg¸gw F¶mWtÃm. sX¡p Ing¡³ Gjybnse NqSpÅ ImemhØbnemWv CXnsâ DXv`hw. t\cn«pw thhn¨pw Ign¡mhp¶ hmg¸gw Ffp ¸¯n Zln¡p¶Xpw t]mjI KpW§fpw Huj [KpW§fpw \ndªXpamWv.
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tIm«b¯nsâ a®n Im]vkn¡hpw

Irjnbpw ImÀjnI kwkvImchpw F¶pw Xg¨phfÀ¶n«pÅXv \ZoXoc§fnemWv. ^e]qbnãamb a®pw ip²Pehpw kpe`ambn e`n¡psa¶XmWv CXn\v HcpImcWw. CXpt]mse Hcp \ZoXS Irjnbpw ImÀjnI kwkvImchpw hfcpIbmWv ao\¨nemdnsâ IcbnÂ.
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hnfIÄ¡v Icp¯mbn..hocyambn...

`mhnPohnX¯nte¡v XesbSpt¸msS, Dd¨ NphSpItfmsS \S¶p apt¶tdWvS Hcp XeapdbpsS ImepIÄ¡v _e£bw A\p`hs¸«mtem? AhcpsS NphSpIÄ e£yt_m[anÃmsX ]Xdnbmtem? GXmWvSv aq¶c ]XnämWvSp ap³]v _w¥mtZin kw`hn¨ bmYmÀYyamWnXv.
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AgtIdpw tImgn¨´w

amwk¯n\pw ap«bv¡pambn hfÀ¯p¶ C\§fn \n¶v Ae¦mct¡mgnIsf thÀXncn¡p¶Xv AhcpsS N´w Xs¶bmWv. A¦hmenepw, Xqh hn\ymk¯nepw, BSbnepw, Xe¸qhnepw \ndbp¶ hÀWtaf\§fmWv ChbpsS hne \nÝbn¡p¶Xv. Im¡nbpSp¸n\pÅn Hcp IemlrZbapsWvS¶v sXfnbn¡pIbmWv....
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thdn« IÀjI Nn´IÄ

GXp hyhkmb kwcw`hpw hnPbw ssIhcn¡p¶Xv DXv]¶§fpsS sshhn[y¯neqsSbmWv F¶ X¯zw £octaJebnepw sXfnbn¨ncn¡pIbmWv sImÃw PnÃbnse Xghm ssNX\y ho«n A\nÂIpamÀ.£ochnIk\ hIp¸v 1999  sImÃw PnÃbn \S¸m¡nb ka{K£ochnIk\ ]²Xnbmb ...
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¹mhps]cpabpambn Pm¡v A\nÂ

ZimСmeambn ¹mhpIfpsS \à \mS³ C\§Ä IsWvS¯n _ÍnwKneqsS Ahbv¡v ]pXnb cq]hpw `mhhpw \ÂIpIbmWv Pm¡v A\n F¶t]cnednbs¸Sp¶ A\nÂIpamÀ. aebmfnbmb A\n Ct¸mÄ Xmakn¡p¶ IÀWmSI¯nse Z£nW I¶U PnÃbnse ]p¯qcnemWv ¹mhn hnkvab§Ä hncnbn¡p¶Xv.
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Xncphkv{X hÀ®apÅ ]pjv]§Ä

t]cv ImÀUn\ ^vfhÀ, IÀZn\mÄ ]qhv F¶v ]cn`mj. ImÀUn\ F¶ Cw¥ojv ]Z¯n\v Gähpw {][m\s¸«Xv, hninjvSambXv Fs¶ms¡ AÀ°w. F¶m semt_enb ImÀUn\menkv F¶ ]qhn\v IÀZn\mÄ ]qhv F¶v t]cp In«nbXv.....
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]pXp{]Xo£bpWÀ¯n Im¡¸md Fw. PmXn C\w

hn]Wnbn kpØnchnebpsWvS¶v IcpXnbncp¶ hnfIÄ¡mWn¶v IenImew. hneØncXbnÃm¯ hnfIÄ¡nSbn PmXnacs¯ Hcp hcambn IÀjI³ IcpXnbm AXn ]Xncnsöv ]dtbWvSnhcpw. BtcmKyapÅ, {]mb]qÀ¯nbmb Hcp PmXnac¯n \n¶pw....
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d_À hnebnSnhn hne]nt¡WvS, tX\o¨ XpWbmbpsWvS¦nÂ

d_À tXm«§Ä tX³ Npc¯p¶ amk§fmWv s^{_phcn, amÀ¨v, G{]n amk§Ä. d_À tXm«¯n\pÅn tX\o¨tbm? kwibw tXmt¶WvS, Htc¡À d_À tXm«¯n\pÅn 100 tX\o¨s¸«nIÄ Øm]n¨v kwc£n¡m³ Ignbpw. _o Io¸nwKv ]Tn¨hÀ¡v CXv sImbv¯pImeamWv.
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cWvSc G¡À d_Àt¯m«¯n \n¶v \mec e£w A[nIhcpam\w

PohnX¯n {]XnkÔnIÄ hcpt¼mÄ a\kp kzØam¡m³ Hcp Km\w tIÄ¡p¶hÀ \nch[n. {]XnkÔnbnemb d_À IÀjIcpsS CSbnte¡v Bizmk Km\ambn HgpInsb¯pIbmWv Cu Ces¨SnIÄ. t]cn Xs¶ Km\apÅ Ces¨SnIÄ.
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{]Xntcm[taJebn C´y³ d_dnsâ km[yXIfmcmªv skan\mÀ

{]Xntcm[taJebn C´y³ d_dnsâ km[yX AhtemI\w sN¿p¶ skan \mÀ {it²bambn. d_À hyhkmbw IqSpX sa¨s¸Sp¯p¶Xnsâ km[yXIÄ Bcm bp¶Xn\mbncp¶p skan\mÀ kwLSn¸n¨Xv. bp²¡¸Â, A´Àhmln\n F¶nhbpsS \nÀamW¯n\mhiyamb 1200 d_À A[njvvTnX DXv]¶§Ä \nÀan¨p
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tamZn ImÀjnI taJebv¡p tamSn ]Icptam ?

IÀjIcpÄs¸sS cmPys¯ kakvX P\hn`mK§Ä¡pw \ÃImew hmKvZm\w sNbvXpsImWvSmWv \tc{µtamZn C´ybpsS {][m\a{´n]Zw GsäSp¯ncn¡p¶Xv. cmPyhym]Iambn \S¯nb {]NÞamb sXcsªSp¸v {]NmcWthfbn cmPys¯ IÀjIcpsSbpw Phm·mcpsSbpw....
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d_dns\ c£n¡m³ ]pXnb Bib§Ä, ]p¯³ t^mÀape

d_À t_mÀUv sNbÀt]gvk¬ joe tXmakv sFFFkv, d_À s{]mUIvvj³ I½ojWÀ tUm. sP. tXmakv, d_À t_mÀUv ap³ sNbÀam³ ]n.kn. kndnb¡v, d_Àt_mÀUv ap³ AwKw ]n. BÀ. apcfo[c³, eqWmÀ dt_gvkv FwUn sFk¡v tPmk^v sIm«pIm¸Ån, C´y³ d_À Uotegvkv s^Utdj³ {]knUâv ....
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{]khImes¯ {i² {][m\w

{]khkab¯v ]ip¡Ä ]qÀW BtcmKyhXnIÄ Bbncn¡Ww. P\nXI KpW§Ä, AXmbXv ]qÀWamb ]m DXv]mZ\w {]Xypev]mZ\w F¶nh, BtcmKyhXnIfmb ]ip¡fn \n¶pam{Xta e`n¡pIbpÅq. C¯cw ]ip¡fn 90 iXam\¯n IqSpXepw aZne£Ww {]khtijw 30 Znhk¯n\pÅn ImWn¡pw.
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atejy³ "Kn^väv ' Bbn Ipf¯nse Cd¨nt¡mgn

Ipf¯nse tImgnbnd¨n F¶mWv Xnem¸nb aÕys¯ hnfn¡p¶sX¦n Ipf¯nse Cd¨nt¡mgn F¶v Chs\ hntijn¸n¡mw. atejybn \n¶v F¯p¶ Kn^vämWnh³. hÀ[n¨phcp¶ aÕyD]t`mK¯n\v ]cnlmcambmWv Kn^väv F¯p¶Xv.
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]mepw cpNntbdpw ]m DXv]¶§fpw

tIcfobcpsS ssZ\wZn\ PohnX¯n Hgn¨pIqSm\mhm¯ H¶mWtÃm ]mÂ. NmbbpWvSm¡m\pw ssXcpw, tamcpw, s\¿pw DWvSm¡m\pw am{Xw ioen¨ aebmfnIÄ¡v C¶pw aäp]mepXv]¶§sf¡pdn¨v Aht_m[w DtWvSm F¶ kwibw Dbcp¶p.
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]ip¡Ä¡papWvSv ]ncnapdp¡hpw k½À±hpw

]ip¡Ä s]mXpth im´ioecpw hnImc PohnIfpamWv. sNdnb sNdnb Imcy§Ä aXn ChÀ ZpxJ¯nemhm³. ]ip¡sf ]cn]men¡p¶hÀ AhbpsS a\ximkv{Xw IqSn A¸w Adnªncnt¡WvSXv AXymhiyamWv. Igp¯n IbdnÃmsX sskzcyambn taªp \S¶ncp¶ ]ip¡sf....
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anI¨ hntZi C\w ]ip¡Ä

tIcf¯n hfÀ¯nhcp¶Xpw ChnSs¯ I¶pImenIfpsS hÀtKm[mcW¯n\mbn D]tbmKn¨p hcp¶Xpamb I¶pImenhÀK§Ä tPgvkn, tlmÄÌo³ {^ojy³, {_u¬ kznkv F¶nhbmWv. AbÀjbÀ P\pkv ChnsS IWvSphcp¶nsænep Hcp kuµcyapÅ hntZi£ocP\pkmWv.
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C´y³ am¼g¯n\v bqtdm¸n \ntcm[\w

C´ybn \n¶papÅ AÂt^m³tkm am¼g¯n\pw \men\w ]¨¡dnIÄ¡pw bqtdm]y³ bqWnb³ GÀs¸Sp¯nb Cd¡paXn \ntcm[\w KpWta·bpsS t]cn hnIkzccmPy§fn \n¶papÅ hym]mcw ]cnanXs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\pÅ k¼¶cmPy§fpsS GI]£obamb \ne]mSnsâ Gähpw ...
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Im¸n¡p PetkN\w sN¿pt¼mÄ

{]IrXym e`nt¡WvS ag Ipdbpt¼mÄ DWvSmIp¶ PeZuÀe`yw \nI¯p¶Xn\mWv tXm«§fn PetkN\w \S¯p¶Xv. AXpsImWvSp Xs¶ CXv Hcp \ne\nÂ]nsâ imkv{XhpamWv. Im¸nt¯m«§fnse hcĨbpsS ssZÀLyw Ipdbv¡p¶Xn\pw, Icpt¯msS ]q¡Ä hncnbm\pw......
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KÔcmP³ ]q hnSÀ¶p...

Zblmcnbmb hiykpKÔ¯n\v t]cptI« ]pjv]kpµcnþAXmWv "KÔcmP³'. t]cv kqNn¸n¡p¶Xpt]mse KÔcmPsâ ]q¡fn \n¶v thÀXncn¡p¶ AhiyssXew hnhn[Xcw A¯dpIfn tNcphbmWv. GXmWvSv apøqhnt\mSv kam\amb kpKÔw ]c¯p¶ KÔcmPsâ Gsd {]NmcapÅ C\amWv ....
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sIm¡äoepIÄ

XqhepIfm s\¿s¸« Xebnse IncoSamWv sIm¡äoepIfpsS apJap{Z. P\k½XnbpsS Imcy¯n _UvPokpIÄ¡v ]n¶n cWvSmwØm\w ChÀ¡v \ÂImw. XphepIfm \nÀanXamb Nen¸n¡mhp¶ Xe¸qhnsâ BIÀjWw, am\yamb s]cpamäw, hÀ®`wKn,
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]men cNn¨ hnPbKmY

sImÃw PnÃbnse Ip¶¯qÀ am\m¼pg tImt«¡p¶¯v hnPb³]nÅbv¡pw ]ßIpamcn¡pw 25 a¡fmWv. aq¯]p{Xn [\e£van almcmjv{Sbnse Zpsf Kh¬saâv saUn¡Â tImfPn aq¶mw hÀj Fw_n_nFkv hnZymÀ Yn\n. aI³ lcnIrjvW³ 12þmw ¢mkv hnZymÀYn.
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]m Hcp hcZm\w

]mens\bpw ]iphns\bpw sFizcy¯nsâ {]XoIambn IW¡m¡p¶ `mcXobcpsS ssZ\wZn\ PohnX¯n Hgnhm¡ms\m¡m¯ Hcp BlmcamWv ]mÂ. ]pcmW {KÙ§fnepw ]mepw ]mepXv]¶§fpw ]cmaÀin¡s¸«ncn¡p¶p. t£{XmNmc§fnse ]me`ntjIhpw Krl{]thi\¯nsâ
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\mS³]ip¡fpsS \mÄhgnbnse \mgnI¡ÃpIÄ

arKkwc£WhIp¸v 2011  amäw hcp¯nb ]pXnb arKkwc£W \bw C{]ImcamWv. tIcf¯nse I¶pImenIfn 50 iXam\¯n\p am{Xw hntZi C\§fpsS _oPw sImWvSv _oPm[m\w \S¯pI, 50 iXam\w ]ip¡fn \mS³ C\§fmb sh¨qÀ,
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tImgn¡pªp§Ä¡v IhÀ sIbÀ kpc£

ho«nse hfÀ¯ptImgn ap«bn«,v sIm¡ct¡m]mSn ap«bn« hnhcw ho«pImsc Adnbn¡p¶p. ho«pImÀ Iq«nhbv¡p¶ ap«IÄ¡p aosX s]mcp¶bncp¶v hncnbp¶ Ipªp§fpambn Ie]ne ]dªebp¶p. \mS³tImgnIÄ C¶p ]pXp Xeapdbv¡v Hcp ]cn[nhscsb¦nepw tI«dnhv am{XamWv.
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