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]cnØnXn kwc£n¡m³ IÀjIsc IpSnbnd¡tWm ?

tUm. tPmkv tPmk^v

{]^kÀ B³Uv slUv, hnÚm\hym]\hn`mKw, ImÀjnI tImfPv, ]S¶¡mSv

KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«pw s\Ãnbm¼Xn FtÌäv hnhmZ§fpw IpSntbä taJeIfnse IÀjIÀ¡nSbn Bi¦bpsS \ngepIÄ ]c¯nbncn¡pIbmWv. KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«v tI{µþkwØm\ Kh¬saâpIÄ A´naambn AwKoIcn¨n«nsænepw ]ÝnaL«§fnse hnhn[ ]²XnIÄ¡v dnt¸mÀ«n \nÀt±in¨ncn¡p¶ hyhØIÄ¡\pkcn¨p am{Xta A\paXn \ÂImhq F¶v tZiob {Ko³ ss{S_yqW CXn\Iw HcnS¡me D¯chneqsS hyàam¡n¡gnªp. Irjn¡pw \nÀ½mW{]hÀ¯\§Ä¡pw KmUvKn I½nän \nÀt±in¨ncn¡p¶ \nb{´W§Ä ]ÝnaL«§fnse ]cnØnXn hnteme taJeIfn DS³ Xs¶ \S¸m¡Wsa¶mWv Hcp hn`mKw ]cnØnXn {]hÀ¯IcpsS Bhiyw. CtXmsSm¸w h\yarK§fpsS CS\mgnIÄ ]p\xØm]n¡p¶Xn\pw kwc£nX tI{µ§Ä¡pNpäpw _^À tkmWpIÄ GÀs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\pw aäpambn Cu {]tZi§fnse IpSntbäw Hgn¸n¡Wsa¶pw ChÀ Bhiys¸Sp¶p. \nXyhr¯n¡pw D]Poh\ kpc£nXXz¯n\pw thWvSn aqt¶m \mtem XeapdIÄ¡p ap¼v tIcf¯nse hnhn[ PnÃIfnse ae{¼tZi§fn {]XnIqeImemhØtbmSpw h\yarK§tfmSpw aÃn«v IpSntbdnb e£¡W¡n\v IpSntbä IÀjIsc `qanIt¿ä¡mcpw `qam^nbbpsS hàm¡fpambn Nn{XoIcn¡p¶Xv tIcf¯n ASp¯Ime¯v hmNItafbneqsS ]cnØnXn kwc£Ww \S¯p¶hcpsS CSbn Hcp ^mj\mbn amdnbn«pWvSv. hmkvXh¯n tIcf¯nsâ ImÀjnI taJebpsS \s«ÃmWv IpSntbä taJebnse IÀjIÀ. ]cnØnXnbpsS t]cn Cu IÀjIsc t{Zmln¡m\pÅ GsXmcp \o¡hpw Irjnsbbpw ]cnØnXnsbbpw Hcpt]mse XIÀ¡pItb DÅq.

cmPys¯ ae{¼tZi§fpsS 65 iXam\hpw h\ambn kwc£n¡pIbmWv tZiob e£ysa¶v KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«n ]dbp¶p. ]ÝnaL«§fpsS {]tXyIamb ]cnØnXn {]m[m\yw IW¡nseSp¯v ChnSs¯ h\§fpsS hnkvXrXn sam¯w hnkvXrXnbpsS 75 iXam\sa¦nepambn DbÀ¯Wsa¶mWv KmUvKn I½nänbpsS in]mÀi. h\t¯m«§Ä DÄs¸sS tIcf¯nse Ct¸mgs¯ h\hnkvXrXn tIcf¯nsâ sam¯w `qhnkvXrXnbpsS GItZiw 30 iXam\t¯mfw hcpw. Ignª Ipsd¡meambn tIcf¯nsâ h\hnkvXrXn henb amä§fnÃmsX Gsd¡psd Øncambn \n¡pIbmWv. tIcf¯nsâ h\hnkvXrXn KmUvKn I½nän in]mÀisN¿p¶Xpt]mse 75 iXam\ambn DbÀ¯Wsa¦n dnt¸mÀ«n ]mcnØnXnI hnteme taJeIfmbn kqNn¸n¡p¶ {]tZi§fnse Irjn`qan h³tXmXn IpSnsbmgn¸nt¡WvSnhcpw. CXv {]mtbmKnIamtWm F¶XmWv {]kàamb H¶mas¯ tNmZyw. C§s\ IpSnsbmgn¸n¡m³ XpS§nbm Xs¶ GXp XobXn¡p ap¼pÅ IpSntbä§Ä Hgn¸nt¡WvSnhcpsa¶XmWv cWvSmas¯ tNmZyw. 1977 \p ap¼pÅ IpSntbä§Ä¡v \nbakm[pX \ÂIn ssIhi`qan¡v IÀjIÀ¡v ]«bw \ÂIm\pÅ Xocpam\w hfsc ap¼pXs¶ kwØm\ kÀ¡mÀ FSp¯n«pÅXmWv. Cu kmlNcy¯n h\kwc£W¯nsâ t]cn IpSntbä IÀjIsc Hgn¸n¡Wsa¶ hmZw Cu taJebn ]pXnb kwLÀj§Ä¡v hgnsXfn¡pItbDÅq.

tIcf¯nse 633 Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§Ä KmUvKn I½nän \nÀt±in¨ ]mcnØnXnI ZpÀ_e taJeIfn DÄs¸Sp¶psh¶v "]ÝnaL« hnZKv[ kanXn dnt¸mÀ«v' tIcf¯n\p {]kàamb `mK§Ä F¶ t]cn tIcf kwØm\ ssPhsshhn[yt_mÀUv {]kn²oIcn¨ dnt¸mÀ«n ]dbp¶p. Be¸pg HgnsIbpÅ tIcf¯nse 13 PnÃIfnepw ]ÝnaL«hpambn _Ôs¸« ]mcnØnXnI ZpÀ_e taJeIfpWvSv. CSp¡n PnÃbnse FÃm ]©mb¯pIfpw, sXmSp]pg ap\nkn¸menänbpw KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«v {]ImcapÅ H¶mas¯ ]mcnØnXnI ZpÀ_e taJebnemWv. H¶mw taJebn tIcfsam«msI 158 Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§fmWv hcp¶sX¶v dnt¸mÀ«n ]dbp¶p. cWvSmw ]cnØnXn hnteme taJebn 268 ]©mb¯pIfpw aq¶mw taJebn 439 ]©mb¯pIfpw DÄs¸Sp¶p. hb\mSv PnÃbnse 27 ]©mb¯pIfn 23 Dw H¶mw ]cnØnXn hnteme taJebnemWv. Xncph\´]pcw tImÀ¸tdjsâ Nne `mK§fpw s\Spa§mSv ap\nkn¸menänbpsaÃmw H¶mw ]cnØnXn hnteme taJebn DÄs¸Spw. IÀi\ \nb{´W§Ä in]mÀi sNbvXncn¡p¶ ]cnØnXn hnteme taJe H¶nepw cWvSnepw s]Sp¶ ]©mb¯pIfpsS _lp`qcn]£hpw tIcf¯nse {][m\s¸« IpSntbä taJe IfmWv. ]cnØnXn kwc£W¯n\v ChnsS IpSnbnd¡v DÄs¸sSbpÅ \S]SnIÄ thWsa¶v Nne ]cnØnXn kwLS\IÄ Hfnªpw sXfn ªpw ]dbp¶p. KmUvKn I½nän ]cnØnXn hnteme taJeIÄ¡p ]pdsa tIcf¯nse hnhn[ PnÃIfnembn 18 kwc£nX tI{µ§fpw \nÀt±in¨n«pWvSv. h\yPohn kwc£Whpambn _Ôs¸« Cu kwc£nX tI{µ§Ä (Proteted Areas) kw_Ôn¨ hyàamb \nÀt±i§Ä KmUvKn I½nän \ÂInbn«nÃ. ]\¯Sn, {_ÒKncnþXncps\Ãn, hb\mSv, _mWmkpcþIpäymSn, \ne¼qÀþta¸mSn, sskeâv hmenþ \yq Aac¼ew, incphmWn, s\Ãnbmw]Xn, ]o¨nþhmgm\n, AXnc¸nÅnþhmg¨mÂ, ]qbwIp«nþaq¶mÀ, ImÀUaw lnÂkv, s]cnbmÀ, Ipf¯q¸pg, AKkvXyae XpS§nb kwc£nX tI{µ§fnepw Ahbv¡p NpäpapÅ ]cnØnXn hnteme taJeIfnepambn 91 Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§Ä DÄs¡mÅp¶p. Cu {]tZi§fpw tIcf¯nse {][m\s¸« IpSntbä taJeIfmWv.

ctWvSm AXne[nItam h\yPohn BhmktI{µ§sf ]pcmX\ Imew apXÂt¡ X½n _Ôn¸n¡p¶Xpw h\yPohnIÄ Cu Bhmk hyhØIfneqsS At\ym\w IS¡p¶Xpamb {]tZi§fmWv h\CS\mgnIÄ. AcphnIÄ, \ZnbpsS DdhnS§Ä, \ZnIÄ F¶nhsbÃmw h\yPohnIfpsS CS\mgnIfmWv. h\yPohnIfpsS CS\mgnIsf¶v Ct¸mÄ hntijn¸n¡s¸Sp¶ ]e {]tZi§fpw Imem´c¯n IpSntbäs¯ XpSÀ¶v \n_nU P\hmkapÅ ImÀjnI {]tZi§fmbn amdnbhbmWv. cWvSp h\{]tZi§Ä¡nSbnepÅ h\ CS\mgnIfnse IpSntbäw Hgn¸n¨v B {]tZi§sf h\am¡n amän h\CS\mgnIÄ ]p\xØm]n¡Wsa¶XmWv ]cnØnXn hmZnIfpsS asämcp Bhiyw. s\Ãnbm¼Xn {]tZiw ]d¼n¡pfw ISphmkt¦X¯nte¡pÅ h\C\SmgnbmbXn\m Cu {]tZis¯ 10,000 G¡tdmfw IpSntbäw Hgn¸n¨v CXv h\`qanbm¡n amäWsa¶mWv Bhiyw. C§s\ sNbvXm ISph, B\ XpS§nb h\yPohnIÄ¡v ]d¼n¡pfw h\taJebv¡v ]pdt¯¡pw AIt¯¡pw btYjvSw k©cn¡m\mhpsa¶v ChÀ hmZn¡p¶p. tIcf¯nse aäp {][m\s¸« h\taJeItfmSp tNÀ¶pw C¯cw h\CS\mgnIfpWvSv.

CSp¡n PnÃbnse ImÀUaw lnÂkv F¶dnbs¸Sp¶ {]tZihpw CXpt]mepÅ Hcp h\CS\mgnbmsW¶mWv hmZw. aXnsI«m³ h\taJebn \n¶pw tX¡Sn s]cnbmÀ ISphmkt¦X¯nte¡pÅ h\CS\mgn bmWs{X ImÀUaw lnÂkv F¶dnbs¸Sp¶ GeaeIÄ. N¡p]Åw, ]m¼mSpw]md, hWvSt·Sv, IcpWm]pcw, s\Sp¦WvSw, DSp¼³tNme, im´³]md F¶o ]©mb¯pIfnse 606 NXpc{iIntemanäÀ {]tZiw kwc£nX h\taJebmbn amänbm aXnsI«m\n \n¶pw tX¡Snbnte¡pÅ h\CS\mgn ]p\xØm]n¡m\mhpw Cu taJebnse a\pjyhmksamgnhm¡nbm h\yarK§Ä¡v aXnsI«m\pw tX¡Sn¡panSbn btYjvSw k©cn¡m³ kmlNcysamcp§pw. 2010  DSp¼³tNme Xmeq¡n kwØm\ ssPhsshhn[y t_mÀUv \S¸m¡nb I½yqWnän dnkÀ¨v ]²Xn Hcp amXrIm]²Xnbmbn KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«n NqWvSn¡mWn¡p¶pWvSv. {]mtZinI _tbm ssUthgvknän amt\Pvsaâv I½nänIÄ, {XnXe ]©mb¯pIÄ F¶nhsb kwØm\ _tbm ssUthgvknän t_mÀUv, tZiob _tbmsskthgvknän t_mÀUv F¶nhbpambn _Ôs¸Sp¯n ssPhsshhn[yw kwc£n¡p¶ amXrIm]²XnbmWnsX¶v dnt¸mÀ«n ]dbp¶p. Geae¡mSpIfnse A]qÀÆamb ssPhsshhn[yw P\Iob ]¦mfn¯t¯msS kwc£n¡pIbmWv Cu amXrIm]²XnbpsS e£ysa¶v kwØm\ _tbm ssUthgvknän t_mÀUv ASnhcbn«p ]dbp¶psWvS¦nepw aXnsI«m\pw tX¡Sn¡panSbn h\yPohn CS\mgn ]p\xØm]n¡pIbmWv CXnsâ ]n¶nse KqVe£ysa¶v IÀjIkwLS\IÄ Btcm]n¡p¶p. Ct¸mÄ Xs¶ tIcf¯nse ]e IpSntbä taJeIfnepw h\yPohn B{IaW¯m Irjn\miw hym]Iambn kw`hn¡p¶pWvSv. ]WvSpIme¯v \ne\n¶ncp¶psh¶p ]dbs¸Sp¶ h\yPohn CS\mgnIÄ ]p\xØm]n¨m kao]{]tZi§fnseÃmw Irjn Akm[yambn¯ocpsa¶mWv IÀjIcpsS `oXn.

h\yarK kt¦X§Ä, tZiob ]mÀ¡pIÄ, kwc£nX taJeIÄ XpS§nb kwc£nX tI{µ§fpsS AXncpIfn \n¶v 10 IntemaoäÀ hscbpÅ {]tZi§Ä k½À± \ntcm[nX _^À tkmWpIfmbnamäWsa¶ \nÀt±ihpw KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«nepWvSv. s\Ãnbm¼Xn ]d¼n¡pfw h\yPohn kwc£WtI{µ¯nsâ _^ÀtkmWmbn amdp¶Xpt]mse tX¡Sn, CSp¡n XpS§nb h\yarKtI{µ§fpsSbpw aäv kwc£nX taJeIfpsSbpw 10 IntemaoäÀ hscbpÅ {]tZi§Ä _^ÀtkmWpIfmbn amtäWvSnhcpw. bps\kvtImbpsS temI ss]XrI ]«nIbnte¡v \nÀt±in¡s¸« {]tZi§fpsS 10 IntemaoäÀ hsc ZqscbpÅ {]tZi§fnepw C¯cw k½À±\ntcm[nX _^ÀtkmWpIÄ Øm]nt¡WvSnhcpw. Hcp ]cnØnXnþP\kulrZ ]cn]me\ kwhn[m\amWv _^À tkmWpIfn cq]w sImtÅWvSsX¶mWv KmUvKn I½nänbpsS in]mÀi. Hcp {]tZis¯ \oÀamdn {]tZi§Ä, {Kma§fpsS AXncpIÄ F¶nh IW¡nseSp¯pw P\Iob A[nImcØm]\§fpsS A`n{]mb§fpsS ASnØm\¯nepw thWw _^À tkmWpIÄ \nÝbn¡m³. kwc£nXn]cnØnXn {][m\ tI{µ§fpsS 10 IntemaoäÀ Zqcw hsc _^À tkmWpIÄ cq]oIcn¡m\pÅ \nÀt±i§fpw ^e¯n Cu taJebnse Irjnbpw D]Poh\{]hÀ¯\§fpw Akm[yam¡n¯oÀ¡pw.

]s¯m¼Xmw \qämWvSnsâ Bcw`¯n AXmbXv 200 hÀjw ap¼v tIcf¯nsâ `qhnkvXrXnbpsS 75 iXam\hpw h\{]tZi§fmbncp¶p. 100 hÀjw sImWvSv AXv t\À]IpXnbmbn Ipdªp. Cu ImeL«¯nsem¶pw tIcf¯nse IpSntbäw Bcw`n¨n«nÃ. ]s¯m¼Xmw \qämWvSnsâ Ahkm\hpw Ccp]Xmw \qämWvSnsâ Bcw`¯nepw ]ÝnaL«§fnte¡v {_n«ojpImÀ tXbnet¯m«§fpw Im¸nt¯m«§fpw Øm]n¡m³ IS¶ph¶tXmsSbmWv ]ÝnaL«§fnse h\§Ä h³tXmXn apdn¨pamäs¸«Xv. ]ÝnaL«§fnse `q{]IrXnbnepWvSmb h³tXmXnepÅ amäw 1750 apX XpÀ¨bmbn \S¶phcp¶ Hcp {]{InbbmsW¶v KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«n Xs¶ ]dbp¶papWvSv. tIcfw, IÀ®mSIw, Xangv\mSv F¶o ]ÝnaL« kwØm\§fn \S¯nb Hcp ]T\¯n \n¶pw hyàambXv 1920 \pw 90 \panSbn Xs¶ ]ÝnaL«§fnse {]mYanI h\§fpsS 40 iXam\hpw aämhiy§Ä¡pthWvSn amäs¸«p F¶mWv. C¶v ]ÝnaL«§fnse GgpiXam\¯n Xmsg {]tZi§Ä am{Xsa {]mYanI h\§fmbn IW¡m¡s¸Sp¶pÅq. 1950 \pw 1980 \pw CSbn h\hn`h§sf ASnØm\am¡nbpÅ t]¸À, XSn, ss¹hpUv XpS§nbhbv¡pthWvSnbpw h\§Ä h³tXmXn \in¸n¡s¸«p. C¶v ]ÝnaL«§fpsS _lp`qcn]£w {]tZi§fpw Ces]mgnbpw ImSpIÄ t]mepÅ ZznXob h\amb hyhØtbm, tXm«hnfIfpsSAS¡apÅ GsX¦nepw ac§fpsS BhcWw ImWs¸Sp¶htbm BWv.

cWvSmw temIalmbp²t¯mS\p_Ôn¨pWvSmb {]tXyI km¼¯nI kmaqlnI kmlNcy§fmWv kaXe§fn \n¶pw ]ÝnaL«§fnse ae{¼tZi§fnte¡v h³tXmXnepÅ IpSntbäw XzcnXs¸Sp¯nbXv. tXm«w taJe hym]n¨Xns\ XpSÀ¶pWvSmb tdmUv kuIcy§fpw PesshZypX ]²XnIÄ¡pthWvSn IqSpX {]tZi§Ä sh«nshfp¸n¨Xpw IpSntbä¯n\v A\pIqeamb kmlNcyapWvSm¡n. Ignª 100 hÀjambn IqSpX IrjnsN¿p¶Xn\mbn BfpIÄ tIcf¯nsâ Ing¡³ taJeIfnte¡p IpSntbdp¶pWvSv. tIcf¯nse XoctZi taJesbmgnsIbpÅ {]tZi§sfÃmw Xs¶ cWvSp \qämWvSn\pap¼p hsc h\{]tZi§fmbncp¶p. P\kwJymhÀ[\hnsâ k½À±w IqSpX {]tZi§sf P\hmktI{µ§fm¡n. ASp¯Imew hsc tIcfobcpsS apJy D]Poh\amÀKw Irjnbmbncp¶XpsImWvSv IpSntbdnb {]tZi§fnseÃmw IÀjIÀ s]m¶phnfbn¨p. cWvSmw temIalmbp²¯n\p tijapÅ ImÂ\qämWvSpImew tIcf¯nse IÀjI IpSntbäw IqSpX hym]Iambn. \mWyhnfIsf t{]mÕmln¸n¡p¶ kÀ¡mÀ \bhpw tImfWnIÄ Øm]n¨v kÀ¡mÀ taÂt\m«¯n \S¸m¡nb t{Km tamÀ ^pUv Im¼bn³ t]mepÅ ]²XnIfpw IpSntbä¯n\v A\pIqeamb kmlNcyw krjvSn¨p. ]cnØnXn t_m[hpw ssPhsshhn[y kwc£W¯nsâ {]m[m\yhpsam¶pw kaql¯n C¶s¯t¸mse hym]Iambn thtcmSnbn«nÃm¯ Hcp ImeL«¯nembncp¶p tIcf¯nse ae{¼tZi§fnte¡pÅ IpSntbäw. AXnPoh\¯nsâ `mKambn \S¯nb B ]emb\w h\hpw ]cnØnXnbpw \in¸n¡m³ thWvSn Bkq{XnXambn \S¸m¡nb Hcp KqV]²Xnsbm¶paÃmbncp¶p. h³InStXm«§fpw h³PesshZypX ]²XnIfpw h\hn`h§sf ASnØm\am¡nbpÅ hyhkmb§fpw tNÀ¶v ]ÝnaL«§fn \S¯nb h\\ioIcWhpambn XmcXayw sN¿pt¼mÄ IpSntbä IÀjIÀ \S¯nb ]cnØnXn hn\miw XmcXtay\ sNdpXmWv. ]ÝnaL«§fnse tXm«§Ä GIhnf Irjn k{¼Zmbw hym]n¸n¨t¸mÄ IqSntbä IÀjIÀ ^ehr£§fpw \mWyhnfIfpw `£yhnfIfpw hfÀ¯parK§fpsaÃmw IqSnt¨À¶ ]cnØnXn kulrZ]camb ho«phf¸nse IrjnbnemWv {i²tI{µoIcn¨Xv.

tIcf¯nse IpSntbä taJeIfnse IÀjIcpsS aqt¶m \mtem Xeapd ]n¶nSpt¼mgmWv Cu {]tZi§fnse Irjn`qanIfpw tXm«§fpsaÃmw GsäSp¯v h\CS\mgnIfpw _^ÀtkmWpIfpsaÃmw Øm]n¡Wsa¶ apdhnfn ]etImWpIfn \n¶pw Dbcp¶Xv. tIcf¯n Ct¸mÄ apgph³ kab IÀjIÀ Gsd¡psd Ahtijn¨ncn¡p¶Xv IpSntbä taJeIfnemWv. Cu taJebn DWvSmIp¶ GXp {]XnIqe kmlNcyhpw tIcf¯nse Irjn¡v Xncn¨SnbpWvSm¡pw. tIcf¯nse kaXe{]tZi§fnse P\kwJym k½À±w hensbmcfhphsc Ipd¨Xv Ignª Ime§fnse IpSntbäambncp¶p. ]ÝnaL«§fnse ]cnØnXn ZpÀ_e taJeIfnse IÀjIsc IpSnbnd¡n h\w ]p\xØm]n¡Wsa¶v Bhiys¸Sp¶hÀ Cu IÀjIsc FhnsS IpSnbncp¯psa¶pIqSn ]dtbWvSXpWvSv. CSp¡nþhb\mSv PnÃIfnse H¶mw ]cnØnXn hnteme taJeIfn am{Xw 20 e£t¯mfw P\§Ä A[nhkn¡p¶pWvSv. h\h¡cW¯n\pw ]cnØnXn kwc£W¯n\pambn \nb{´W§Ä GÀs¸Sp¯nbm ChcpsS D]Poh\ kpc£nXXzw Bcv Dd¸m¡pw? IpSnbndt¡WvSnh¶m Chsc FhnsS ]p\c[nhkn¸n¡pw? tIcf¯nse aäp ]cnØnXn ZpÀ_e taJeIfnse IpSntbä IÀjIcpsS Imcy¯nepw Cu tNmZy§Ä {]kàamWv. ]ÝnaL«§fnse Hcp h\{]tZihpw kzm`mhnIambn ]p\xØm]n¡m\mhm¯XmsW¶ncns¡ Hcn¡Â h\ambncp¶ `q{]tZi§Ä hoWvSpw kzm`mhnI h\ambn amämsa¶ {]Xo£ tIhew acoNnIbmbn Ahtijn¡pItbbpÅq.

tIcf¯nse ]ÝnaL« ae{¼tZi§Ä am{Xaà Xoc{]tZi§fpw CS\mSpIfpsaÃmw Xo{hamb ]cnØnXn hn\mi¯nsâ ]SnbnemWv. hbÂ\nI¯epw aWÂJ\\hpw A\[nIrX Icn¦Â IzmdnIfpw Ip¶nSn¡epsaÃmw tIcf¯nse FÃm {]tZi§fnepw ImWmw. h\§tfmsSm¸w Xs¶ ]cnØnXn kwc£W¯n \nÀ®mbI {]m[m\yapÅhbmWv s\ÂhbepIfpw X®oÀ¯S§fpw. tIcf¯n 1980  8 e£w slIvSÀ Øe¯v s\ÂhbepIfpWvSmbncp¶Xv Ignª hÀjw 2.13 e£w slIvSdnte¡v Npcp§n. 30 hÀj¯n\nSbn tIcf¯n Bdpe£t¯mfw slIvSÀ Øe¯mWv s\ÂIrjn CÃmsXbmbXv. \nI¯s¸« s\ÂhbepIfpsS knwl`mKhpw ]ÝnaL«§Ä¡p ]pd¯pÅ kaXe§fnse \Kc§tfmSp tNÀ¶ {]tZi§fnemWv. ]ÝnaL«§fpsS ]cnØnXn kwc£W¯n\pthWvSn h³tXmXn IpSnbnd¡v \S¯Wsa¶p hmZn¡p¶hÀ ]cnØnXn kwc£n¡m³ X®oÀ¯S§fpw s\ÂhbepIfpw Xncn¨p]nSn¡Wsa¶v Bhiys¸Sm¯Xv XnIª Cc«¯m¸mWv.

tIcf¯nse IpSntbäw Hcp Häs¸« kw`haÃ. ]ÝnaL«§fnse aäp kwØm\§fnse ae{¼tZi§fnepw CtXImeL«¯n h³tXmXnepÅ IpSntbäapWvSmbn«pWvSv. temINcn{Xw ]cntim[n¨m Atacn¡bpw emän\tacn¡³ cmPy§fpapÄs¸sSbpÅ ]e cmPy§fpw cq]s¸«Xpw hnIkn¨Xpw IpSntbä¯nsâ ^eambn«msW¶p ImWmw. kwØm\§Ä¡I¯pÅ IpSntbäw C´ybnse FÃm kwØm\§fnepw \S¡p¶pWvSv. D]Poh\ kpc£nXXz¯n\pw km¼¯nI kpc£nXXz¯n\pw thWvSnbpÅ P\§fpsS At\zjWbm{XIÄ F¡me¯papWvSmbn«pWvSv. ap³Ime§fn Ncn{X]camb ImcW§fm kw`hn¨n«pÅ FÃmhn[ IpSntbä§fpw AwKoIcn¨psImWvSpXs¶ Cu {]tZi§fnse P\§fpsS ]qÀ® ]¦mfn¯t¯msS ]cnØnXnbpw ssPhsshhn[yhpw kwc£n¡pIbmWv Gähpw {]mtbmKnIamb kao]\w.

]cnØnXn ]p\xØm]\¯n\pthWvSn IpSntbä IÀjIsc h³tXmXn IpSnbnd¡Wsa¶v Bhiys¸Sp¶Xpt]mse Xs¶ A]e]\obamWv ]ÝnaL«§fnse ae\ncIfn Hcp hn[¯nepÅ ]cnØnXn kwc£W \S]SnIfpw A\phZn¡nsö \ne]mSpw. Irjnbpw ]cnØnXnbpw Hcp t]mse kwc£n¡p¶ \S]SnIfmWv Cu {]tZi§fpsS \ne\n¸n\v Bhiyw. hnthN\anÃm¯ DuÀPnX IrjncoXnIfpw h³tXmXnepÅ ]cnØnXn \ioIcWhpw aäp kwØm\§sf¡mÄ tIcf¯nse ]ÝnaL« {]tZi§fn IqSpXemWv. Cu {]tZi§fnse Ahtijn¡p¶ {]mYanI h\§Ä Hcn©pt]mepw kwc£n¡s¸SWw. ssPhsshhn[yw kwc£W¯n\v IÀjI ]¦mfn¯t¯msSbpÅ h³ ]²XnIÄ thWw. hr£¯e¸pIÄ h³tXmXn apdn¨pamäns¡mWvSpÅ DuÀPnX IrjncoXnIÄ \ncpÕmls¸Sp¯Ww. Cu taJebnse Irjn BZmbIcambn \S¯ns¡mWvSpt]mIp¶Xn\pÅ ssPhIrjn ]mt¡PpIÄ hnkn¸ns¨Sp¡Ww. hn]W\¯n\pw aqeyhÀ[\hn\pw IÀjIÀ¡v klmbw \ÂIWw. hr£§fpw ImÀjnI hnfIfpw tNÀ¶ kwtbmPnX Øehn\ntbmK {Iaamb At{Kmt^mdkv{Sn AYhm ImÀjnI h\h¡cW ]cn]mSnIÄ¡,v ]ÝnaL«§fnse ]cnØXn ]p\xØm]\¯n\v ap³KW\ \ÂIWw. tXm«§fnse Xcnip`qanIfnepw ImÀjnI h\h¡cW coXnIÄ \S¸m¡Ww. IÀjIsc i{Xp]£¯m¡ns¡mWvSpÅ ]cnØnXn kwc£W \S]SnIÄ hn]coX ^ew am{Xta krjvSn¡q F¶v Xncn¨dnªpsImWvSpthWw Cu taJebnse hnhn[ ]²XnIÄ \S¸m¡m³.



tIcf¯n \n¶pÅ IÀjIcpw Xangv\m«n s]m¶p hnfbn¡p¶p

Irjn¡v Xangv\mSv kÀ¡mÀ sImSp¡p¶ {]m[m\yhpw t{]mÕmln¸n¡m³ \ÂIp¶ klmb§fpw tIcfw IWvSp]Tnt¡WvSXmWv. Xangv\m«pImÀ¡p am{XaÃ, AhnsS IrjnsN¿p¶ tIcfobÀ¡pw kÀ¡mcnsâ t{]mÕml\w {]tNmZ\amIp¶p. {]XnIqeamb kmlNcy§fnepw Irjnbn ....
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Nn¡³ hn¡mw, anI¨ em`¯nÂ

hntijZnhk§fn ASp¡f apä¯pw, ]d¼nepw sIm¯ns¸dp¡n \S¶ncp¶ tImgnIfn {]mbw IqSnbXns\ ]nSn¨v Xqhepw NndIpIfpw Ifªv Idnsh¨pIgn¨ncp¶ coXnbn \n¶v tIcfobcpsS amwkmlmc ioew Gsd amdnbncn¡p¶p. BgvNbn an¡ Znhk§fnepw \mSnsâ GXp aqebnepw Xpd¶ncn¡p¶...
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th\ NqSn tImgnIÄ¡pw IcpXÂ

tImgnIÄ¡v kkpJw hmgm³ ]änb A´co£ Xm]\ne 18þ22 Un{Kn skÂjykmWv. Xm]\ne 28þ35 Un{Kn skÂjykv F¶ ]cn[nbn hcpt¼mÄ NqSpsImWvSpÅ k½À±w Hgnhm¡m³ imcocnI {]hÀ¯\§fn hyXymkw hcp¶p.
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Xangv\m«n \n¶p ]¨¡dnsb¯p¶Xv IgpInbm t]mIm¯ hnjhpambn

ho«n ]¨¡dnbpWvSm¡mw, A[zm\hpw ]Ws¨ehpapsWvS¦nepw hnjw Ignt¡WvStÃm?
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aªÄ: kuµcy hÀ[\hn\pw tcmK{]Xntcm[¯n\pw

ho«½ aebmfnbmtWm F¦n aªÄs¸mSnbpsS Sn³ AhcpsS ASp¡fbnse ]ehyRvP\¡q«¯nse {]Ya AwKambncn¡pw. aªÄs¸mSnbnÃmsX F´p ]mNIw? hn`hw shPntädnbt\m t\m¬þshPntädnbt\m BIs«, AXn\v BIÀjWobX \ÂIp¶Xv aªfmWv.
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DXv]mZ\¯n\pw hn]W\¯n\pw sdUnbmbn \oc

sX§n \n¶v \ocbpw \ocbpXv]¶§fpw DXv]mZn¸n¡m\pÅ tIcf kÀ¡mcnsâ \nbat`ZKXn s^{_phcn 14 \v hnÚm]\ambn. 112 hÀj§Ä¡p tijw Xncp¯n¡pdn¡s¸«XmWv Cu {]Jym]\w. apJya{´n D½³NmWvSn amÀ¨v cWvSn\v tIm«b¯v \ocbpw \ocbpXv]¶§fpw ]pd¯nd¡pIbpw
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\à ]¨¡dnt¯m«¯n\v Bkq{XWw

hoSpIfn ]¨¡dnt¯m«samcp¡pt¼mÄ imkv{Xobamb ¹m\nwKv DsWvS¦n Hmtcm C©v Øehpw D]bpàam¡p¶Xn\pw IoSþtcmK§Ä Hs«ms¡ Ipdbv¡phm\pw km[n¡pw. tXm«¯n\v `wKn \ÂIp¶tXmsSm¸w anI¨ hnfhpw e`yamIp¶p.
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an\nskäv kmt¦XnIhnZy tN\bnepw Im¨nenepw

[m\yhnfIfpw, ]bdphnfIfpw Ignªm aebmfnbpsS {][m\ `£yhnfbmWv Ing§phÀK§Ä. sshhn[yamÀ¶ a®nepw ImemhØbnepw hfcp¶ Ing§phÀK hnfIÄ, [m\yhnfItf¡mÄ A[nIw hnfhpw DuÀPhpw \ÂIp¶p. Ing§phÀKhnfIÄ¡v hfsc Imcy£aambn
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NocbpsWvS¦n tNmc\¶mIpw, apcn§bptWvS acp¶pthWvS

IrjnbneqsS kt´mjn¡mw. apähpw ]cnkchpw ip²nbpw shSn¸pw \ndbv¡mw. amen\y§Ä Hgnhm¡n hr¯nbm¡mw. F´pthWsat¶m? Nne IrjnIÄ \S¸m¡mw.\à Nocbne¡dn Iq«nbm \½psS tNmc \à ip²ambn \ne\nev¡pw.
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tcmKnIÄ¡pthWvSn ssPh]¨¡dn

NnInÕbvs¡m¸w tcmKnIÄ¡v hnjanÃm¯ `£Ww IqSn \ÂIpIbmWv XriqÀ Aae saUn¡Â tImfPv. Bip]{Xnbnse¯p¶ Bbnc¡W¡n\v tcmKnIÄ¡v kuP\yambn `£Ww \ÂIm³ hn`h§Ä F¯p¶Xv Bip]{Xn hf¸nse ssPh ]¨¡dnt¯m«¯n \n¶v.
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ImÀjnI kÀhIemimebn \n¶v kq¸À amÀ¡änte¡v

hn¯pw hf§fpw IoS\min\nIfpw am{Xw hnÂ]\ \S¯ns¡mWvSncp¶ Imhp§Â GP³knbn \n¶v ImÀjnI kq¸ÀamÀ¡äv F¶ coXnbnte¡pÅ Imhp§Â GP³knbpsS hfÀ¨ A{Knþ _nkn\knsâ thdns«mcp apJamWv Im«n¯cp¶Xv.
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Cd¨nt¡mgnIfpsS Xoä{Iaw

t{_mbneÀ tImgn¡pªp§Ä¡v cWvSp Xc¯nepÅ XoäbmWv \ÂtIWvSXv, t{_mbneÀ ÌmÀ«dpw t{_mbneÀ ^n\njdpw. BZys¯ aq¶mgvN ÌmÀ«À tdj³ sImSp¡Ww. CXn IqSpX amwkyw AS§nbncn¡p¶Xn\m s]s«¶pÅ hfÀ¨bv¡v klmbn¡p¶p.
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tX³Imew: aps¶mcp¡§Ä

tIcf¯n tX\o¨ hfÀ¯en\pÅ A\´amb km[yXIÄ {]tbmP\s¸Sp¯m³ bphm¡fpw kzm{ibkwL§fpw tX\o¨IÀjIcpw Hcpt]mse Xbmdmbns¡mWvSncn¡p¶ kabamWv tX³ Imew. 1990 Ifn `mcX¯nse sX¡³ kwØm\§fmb tIcfw, Xangv\mSv, B{Ô, IÀ®mSI F¶nhnS§fn ....
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hÀ®hnkvabambv Ipªn X¯IÄ

temIsa¼mSpapÅ ]£nt{]anIfpsS lrZb¯n H¶mw Øm\w ssIbS¡p¶ AcpaIfmWv _UvPokv F¶p hnfn¡s¸Sp¶ _UvPdnKdpIÄ (Budgerigars). euhv t_Uvkv F¶ Hma\t¸cn \½psS \m«nepw ChÀ kp]cnNnXcmWv Hmkvt{Senb¡mcmb....
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sNdphůnse ]q¡Ä

\oWvSv hmfpt]mepÅ CeIÄ tNÀ¶v Hcp t_m«nsâþsNdphůnsâþBIrXnbnembncn¡p¶p. Cu sNdphůn Ccn¡p¶Xpt]mse ]q¡sf {]IrXn Xs¶ {IaoIcn¨ncn¡p¶p. C{Xbpambm Cu sNSn¡v t_m«v enÃn F¶ÃmsX F´v t]cp \ÂInbmWp hnfn¡pI?
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aÕyIrjnbneqsS kp{]nb\v t\«§Ä am{Xw

ChnsS \nXyhr¯n¡v hItXSnbpÅ ]c¡w]m¨nen Cu aÕys¯mgnemfn F¯nt¨À¶Xv XnI¨pw BZmbIcamb aÕyIrjnbnte¡v. \oWvSIc ]¶bv¡Â Xpcp¯n _tYÂ`h\¯n kp{]nb\mWv henb apXÂapS¡nÃmsX aÕyIrjnbneqsS t\«§Ä sIm¿p¶Xv.
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ImÀjnI taJebpsS ]p\cp²mcW¯n\v A{Kn _nkn\kv

Irjnsb¸än ]dbpt¼mÄ `qcn]£w t]cptSbpw \mhn \n¶pw ]cm[o\XIfpw ]cmXnIfpw am{XamWv tIÄ¡mdpÅXv. Irjn \ãamWv, Hcp sskUv _nkn\kv am{Xamtb \S¯m³ Ignbq, IÀjI³ F¶pw IS¡mc\mWv C§s\ t]mIp¶p Irjntb¸än s]mXpthbpw Nne IÀjIcptSbpw at\m`mh§Ä.
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kÀPphnsâ tXm«¯n hnfbp¶Xv Atd_y³ I¡ncn

Atd_y³ Zmlia\n Atd_y³ I¡ncn Irjn ]co£n¨p hnPbw t\SpIbmWp amtems¯ kÀPp Iqhbv¡Â. NqSpIme¯p Atd_y³ cmPy§fn Zmlia\nbmbn D]tbmKn¡p¶ I¡ncn hÀK¯nÂs¸« Zmlia\n kÀPp ]co£WmSnØm\¯nemWp Irjn XpS§nbXv.
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sX¦cbn Xoä]pÂIrjn kPohw

a®mÀ¡ms« sX¦cbnepw ]cnkc{]tZi§fmb A¼wIShv, A¼wIp¶v, ]p©t¡mSv, taemapdn `mK§fnepw Xoä]pÂIrjn hym]Iambn. ]ip¡Ä¡pw aäpw Bhiyamb ]pÃv ho«n Xs¶ hfÀ¯pI F¶ £ochnIk\ hIp¸nsâ ]²Xn{]ImcamWv ]pÂIrjn hym]Iam¡nbncn¡p¶Xv.
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ssltd©n Im¸n ]q¯p; IÀjIÀ {]Xo£bnÂ

XmfwsXänb ImemhØbpw ImÀjnI DXv]¶§fpsS hnfhpIpdhpw hne ØncXbnÃmbvabnepw \«w Xncnbp¶ IÀjIÀ¡v {]Xo£bqWÀ¯n ssltd©n Im¸n ]q¯p.
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sFizcyw sImWvSph¶ BSv

IpSpw_{io \S¸m¡nb BSp{Kmaw ]²Xnbn amXrIm]camb hnPbw t\Snb kpPmXsb ]cnNbs¸Sp¶Xv BSp hfÀ¯p¶ hÀ¡pw hfÀ¯m\m {Kln¡p¶ hÀ¡pw D]Imc {]Zambncn¡pw. BSphfÀ¯en kpPmXbv¡p ap³]cnNbsam¶panÃmbncp¶p.
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]¨acp¶pIfpsS Ip¯I AhImiw hn]W\w sN¿s¸SWw

`mcX¯nse Huj[kkytaJebn Gähpw IqSpX KthjW§Ä \S¯nbn«pÅ Hcp hyànbmWv tUm. ]pjv]mwKZ³. sImïv k_v cPnkv{Smdmbncp¶ sI. ]p¸phntâbpw A[ym]nIbmbncp¶ sI. ao\m£nbptSbpw F«pa¡fn Cfbh\mbn 1944  ]pjv]mwKZ³ P\n¨p.
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\ap¡psamcp¡mw ho«nsemcp ]¨¡dnt¯m«w

]pXnb hÀj¯nse ]p¯³ {]Xo£Ifpambn apt¶dns¡mWvSncn¡pIbmWv. ImÀjnIcwKs¯ ]p¯³ ImgvN¸mSpIÄ¡pw \ho\ Bib§Ä¡pw ImtXmÀ¡pIbmWv tIcf¯nse IÀjI kaqlw. F¶m bpF³ `£yImÀjnI kwLS\bpsS {]Jym]\w \mtahtcbpw Nn´n¸n¡p¶ H¶mbn amdnbncn¡pIbmWv.
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]mhen \n¶v 14 tImSn

IrjnIÄ ]eXpsWvS¦nepw ]mhÂIrjnbnembncp¶p \S¯dbpsS kz]v\hnPbw. IpSpw_{io apt¶m«ph¨ kwLIrjn ]²Xnbn AWntNÀ¶v AZv`pXw Im«pIbmbncp¶p ChnS¯pImÀ. s]¬Icp¯nsâ ImÀjnIs¸cpa XoÀ¡p¶ a¦amÀ¡nSbn kwØm\¯pXs¶ H¶maXmWv
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dq«v s{Sbv\À d_ÀssX _ÍnwKpw aäp ]cn]me\ apdIfpw

I¸n hfÀ¯nsbSp¡p¶ Xmbvs¨SnIÄ¡v Hcp amkw {]mbsa¯p¶tXmsS _ÍnwKv {]{Inb Bcw`n¡mhp¶XmWv. Hcp X«neIÄ am{Xw hfÀ¨ F¯nb Cfw Xmbvs¨SnIsf _ÍnwKn\v hnt[bam¡p¶Xns\ bwKv_ÍnwKv F¶mWv hnh£n¡s¸Sp¶Xv.
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AÀ°\....{]mÀ°\

]qt¦mgnIqhpw apt¼ IÀjI\pWcpw. A§v BImi¯n Xnf§n\n¡p¶ s]cpao\mWv Ahsâ IWn. hcp¶ {]`mXw awKfIcamItW F¶h³ B ssNX\ys¯ t\m¡n {]mÀ°n¡p¶p. ]ns¶bmWp {]`mXIÀa§Ä. sh«whogpwapt¼ Ah³ IrjnbnS¯nse¯pw. AXp hbemIs«,
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A\y\m«n N¡bv¡p {]nbtadp¶p

\m«n Ct¸mÄ N¡bpsS hk´Imew. F¶mÂ, Cu taJebnepw A\ykwØm\¡mÀ ]nSnapdp¡nbtXmsS thhn¡m³t]mepw \m«nent¸mÄ N¡ In«m¯ AhØbmWv. N¡bpw N¡¸ghpw N¡¡pcphpw HcpImeL«¯n aebmfnIfpsS hni¸Iänsb¦nepw C¶v A\ykwØm\¡mcmWp Bhiy¡mÀ Gsdbpw.
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sslt{Umt]mWnIvkv: C\n a®nÃmsXbpw Xoä¸p hfÀ¯mw

tIcfw t]mse P\km{µX hfsc IqSnb {]tZi§fn IÀjIsc £oc taJebn \n¶pw ]n´ncn¸n¡p¶ {][m\ LSI§fmWv ]¨¸pÃnsâ e`yX¡pdhv, Xoä¸p hfÀ¯m\pÅ Øe]cnanXn, DbÀ¶ Xoäs¨ehv F¶nh. Idh¸ip¡fpsS BtcmKy¯n\pw ]mepXv]mZ\¯n\pw AXy´mt]£nXamWv ]¨¸pÃv.
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\mS³ I¶pImenIsf ]pXpXeapdbv¡p ]cnNbs¸Sp¯n I]ne s^Ìv

sImbvsXmgnª ]mS§fnepw hnP\amb ]md¸c¸pIfnepw a®n\p hfambn NmWIhpw aq{Xhpw Zm\ambn \ÂIn Ae£yambn taªp\S¶ncp¶ \mS³ I¶pImen¡q«§Ä ]pXnb Xeapdbv¡v HmÀabmbn. CsXÃmw Cu Xeapdbv¡p ]dªptI« IYIÄ am{Xw.
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kbmaokpw A_nÊo\nb\pw

\oe \nd¯nepÅ at\mlcamb I®pItfmSpIqSnb Ch Xmbve³Unse cmPsIm«mc¯n hmWncp¶ ]q¨IfpsS ]n³KmanIfmWv. ]Xns\«mw \qämWvSn Chsb Cw¥WvSnte¡pw Atacn¡bnte¡pw sImWvSph¶p. P\n¡pt¼mÄ XqshÅ \ndapÅ ]q¨¡p«nIÄ hmepXmIpt¼mÄ a§nb
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