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]cnØnXn kwc£n¡m³ IÀjIsc IpSnbnd¡tWm ?
tUm. tPmkv tPmk^v

{]^kÀ B³Uv slUv, hnÚm\hym]\hn`mKw, ImÀjnI tImfPv, ]S¶¡mSv

KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«pw s\Ãnbm¼Xn FtÌäv hnhmZ§fpw IpSntbä taJeIfnse IÀjIÀ¡nSbn Bi¦bpsS \ngepIÄ ]c¯nbncn¡pIbmWv. KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«v tI{µþkwØm\ Kh¬saâpIÄ A´naambn AwKoIcn¨n«nsænepw ]ÝnaL«§fnse hnhn[ ]²XnIÄ¡v dnt¸mÀ«n \nÀt±in¨ncn¡p¶ hyhØIÄ¡\pkcn¨p am{Xta A\paXn \ÂImhq F¶v tZiob {Ko³ ss{S_yqW CXn\Iw HcnS¡me D¯chneqsS hyàam¡n¡gnªp. Irjn¡pw \nÀ½mW{]hÀ¯\§Ä¡pw KmUvKn I½nän \nÀt±in¨ncn¡p¶ \nb{´W§Ä ]ÝnaL«§fnse ]cnØnXn hnteme taJeIfn DS³ Xs¶ \S¸m¡Wsa¶mWv Hcp hn`mKw ]cnØnXn {]hÀ¯IcpsS Bhiyw. CtXmsSm¸w h\yarK§fpsS CS\mgnIÄ ]p\xØm]n¡p¶Xn\pw kwc£nX tI{µ§Ä¡pNpäpw _^À tkmWpIÄ GÀs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\pw aäpambn Cu {]tZi§fnse IpSntbäw Hgn¸n¡Wsa¶pw ChÀ Bhiys¸Sp¶p. \nXyhr¯n¡pw D]Poh\ kpc£nXXz¯n\pw thWvSn aqt¶m \mtem XeapdIÄ¡p ap¼v tIcf¯nse hnhn[ PnÃIfnse ae{¼tZi§fn {]XnIqeImemhØtbmSpw h\yarK§tfmSpw aÃn«v IpSntbdnb e£¡W¡n\v IpSntbä IÀjIsc `qanIt¿ä¡mcpw `qam^nbbpsS hàm¡fpambn Nn{XoIcn¡p¶Xv tIcf¯n ASp¯Ime¯v hmNItafbneqsS ]cnØnXn kwc£Ww \S¯p¶hcpsS CSbn Hcp ^mj\mbn amdnbn«pWvSv. hmkvXh¯n tIcf¯nsâ ImÀjnI taJebpsS \s«ÃmWv IpSntbä taJebnse IÀjIÀ. ]cnØnXnbpsS t]cn Cu IÀjIsc t{Zmln¡m\pÅ GsXmcp \o¡hpw Irjnsbbpw ]cnØnXnsbbpw Hcpt]mse XIÀ¡pItb DÅq.

cmPys¯ ae{¼tZi§fpsS 65 iXam\hpw h\ambn kwc£n¡pIbmWv tZiob e£ysa¶v KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«n ]dbp¶p. ]ÝnaL«§fpsS {]tXyIamb ]cnØnXn {]m[m\yw IW¡nseSp¯v ChnSs¯ h\§fpsS hnkvXrXn sam¯w hnkvXrXnbpsS 75 iXam\sa¦nepambn DbÀ¯Wsa¶mWv KmUvKn I½nänbpsS in]mÀi. h\t¯m«§Ä DÄs¸sS tIcf¯nse Ct¸mgs¯ h\hnkvXrXn tIcf¯nsâ sam¯w `qhnkvXrXnbpsS GItZiw 30 iXam\t¯mfw hcpw. Ignª Ipsd¡meambn tIcf¯nsâ h\hnkvXrXn henb amä§fnÃmsX Gsd¡psd Øncambn \n¡pIbmWv. tIcf¯nsâ h\hnkvXrXn KmUvKn I½nän in]mÀisN¿p¶Xpt]mse 75 iXam\ambn DbÀ¯Wsa¦n dnt¸mÀ«n ]mcnØnXnI hnteme taJeIfmbn kqNn¸n¡p¶ {]tZi§fnse Irjn`qan h³tXmXn IpSnsbmgn¸nt¡WvSnhcpw. CXv {]mtbmKnIamtWm F¶XmWv {]kàamb H¶mas¯ tNmZyw. C§s\ IpSnsbmgn¸n¡m³ XpS§nbm Xs¶ GXp XobXn¡p ap¼pÅ IpSntbä§Ä Hgn¸nt¡WvSnhcpsa¶XmWv cWvSmas¯ tNmZyw. 1977 \p ap¼pÅ IpSntbä§Ä¡v \nbakm[pX \ÂIn ssIhi`qan¡v IÀjIÀ¡v ]«bw \ÂIm\pÅ Xocpam\w hfsc ap¼pXs¶ kwØm\ kÀ¡mÀ FSp¯n«pÅXmWv. Cu kmlNcy¯n h\kwc£W¯nsâ t]cn IpSntbä IÀjIsc Hgn¸n¡Wsa¶ hmZw Cu taJebn ]pXnb kwLÀj§Ä¡v hgnsXfn¡pItbDÅq.

tIcf¯nse 633 Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§Ä KmUvKn I½nän \nÀt±in¨ ]mcnØnXnI ZpÀ_e taJeIfn DÄs¸Sp¶psh¶v "]ÝnaL« hnZKv[ kanXn dnt¸mÀ«v' tIcf¯n\p {]kàamb `mK§Ä F¶ t]cn tIcf kwØm\ ssPhsshhn[yt_mÀUv {]kn²oIcn¨ dnt¸mÀ«n ]dbp¶p. Be¸pg HgnsIbpÅ tIcf¯nse 13 PnÃIfnepw ]ÝnaL«hpambn _Ôs¸« ]mcnØnXnI ZpÀ_e taJeIfpWvSv. CSp¡n PnÃbnse FÃm ]©mb¯pIfpw, sXmSp]pg ap\nkn¸menänbpw KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«v {]ImcapÅ H¶mas¯ ]mcnØnXnI ZpÀ_e taJebnemWv. H¶mw taJebn tIcfsam«msI 158 Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§fmWv hcp¶sX¶v dnt¸mÀ«n ]dbp¶p. cWvSmw ]cnØnXn hnteme taJebn 268 ]©mb¯pIfpw aq¶mw taJebn 439 ]©mb¯pIfpw DÄs¸Sp¶p. hb\mSv PnÃbnse 27 ]©mb¯pIfn 23 Dw H¶mw ]cnØnXn hnteme taJebnemWv. Xncph\´]pcw tImÀ¸tdjsâ Nne `mK§fpw s\Spa§mSv ap\nkn¸menänbpsaÃmw H¶mw ]cnØnXn hnteme taJebn DÄs¸Spw. IÀi\ \nb{´W§Ä in]mÀi sNbvXncn¡p¶ ]cnØnXn hnteme taJe H¶nepw cWvSnepw s]Sp¶ ]©mb¯pIfpsS _lp`qcn]£hpw tIcf¯nse {][m\s¸« IpSntbä taJe IfmWv. ]cnØnXn kwc£W¯n\v ChnsS IpSnbnd¡v DÄs¸sSbpÅ \S]SnIÄ thWsa¶v Nne ]cnØnXn kwLS\IÄ Hfnªpw sXfn ªpw ]dbp¶p. KmUvKn I½nän ]cnØnXn hnteme taJeIÄ¡p ]pdsa tIcf¯nse hnhn[ PnÃIfnembn 18 kwc£nX tI{µ§fpw \nÀt±in¨n«pWvSv. h\yPohn kwc£Whpambn _Ôs¸« Cu kwc£nX tI{µ§Ä (Proteted Areas) kw_Ôn¨ hyàamb \nÀt±i§Ä KmUvKn I½nän \ÂInbn«nÃ. ]\¯Sn, {_ÒKncnþXncps\Ãn, hb\mSv, _mWmkpcþIpäymSn, \ne¼qÀþta¸mSn, sskeâv hmenþ \yq Aac¼ew, incphmWn, s\Ãnbmw]Xn, ]o¨nþhmgm\n, AXnc¸nÅnþhmg¨mÂ, ]qbwIp«nþaq¶mÀ, ImÀUaw lnÂkv, s]cnbmÀ, Ipf¯q¸pg, AKkvXyae XpS§nb kwc£nX tI{µ§fnepw Ahbv¡p NpäpapÅ ]cnØnXn hnteme taJeIfnepambn 91 Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§Ä DÄs¡mÅp¶p. Cu {]tZi§fpw tIcf¯nse {][m\s¸« IpSntbä taJeIfmWv.

ctWvSm AXne[nItam h\yPohn BhmktI{µ§sf ]pcmX\ Imew apXÂt¡ X½n _Ôn¸n¡p¶Xpw h\yPohnIÄ Cu Bhmk hyhØIfneqsS At\ym\w IS¡p¶Xpamb {]tZi§fmWv h\CS\mgnIÄ. AcphnIÄ, \ZnbpsS DdhnS§Ä, \ZnIÄ F¶nhsbÃmw h\yPohnIfpsS CS\mgnIfmWv. h\yPohnIfpsS CS\mgnIsf¶v Ct¸mÄ hntijn¸n¡s¸Sp¶ ]e {]tZi§fpw Imem´c¯n IpSntbäs¯ XpSÀ¶v \n_nU P\hmkapÅ ImÀjnI {]tZi§fmbn amdnbhbmWv. cWvSp h\{]tZi§Ä¡nSbnepÅ h\ CS\mgnIfnse IpSntbäw Hgn¸n¨v B {]tZi§sf h\am¡n amän h\CS\mgnIÄ ]p\xØm]n¡Wsa¶XmWv ]cnØnXn hmZnIfpsS asämcp Bhiyw. s\Ãnbm¼Xn {]tZiw ]d¼n¡pfw ISphmkt¦X¯nte¡pÅ h\C\SmgnbmbXn\m Cu {]tZis¯ 10,000 G¡tdmfw IpSntbäw Hgn¸n¨v CXv h\`qanbm¡n amäWsa¶mWv Bhiyw. C§s\ sNbvXm ISph, B\ XpS§nb h\yPohnIÄ¡v ]d¼n¡pfw h\taJebv¡v ]pdt¯¡pw AIt¯¡pw btYjvSw k©cn¡m\mhpsa¶v ChÀ hmZn¡p¶p. tIcf¯nse aäp {][m\s¸« h\taJeItfmSp tNÀ¶pw C¯cw h\CS\mgnIfpWvSv.

CSp¡n PnÃbnse ImÀUaw lnÂkv F¶dnbs¸Sp¶ {]tZihpw CXpt]mepÅ Hcp h\CS\mgnbmsW¶mWv hmZw. aXnsI«m³ h\taJebn \n¶pw tX¡Sn s]cnbmÀ ISphmkt¦X¯nte¡pÅ h\CS\mgn bmWs{X ImÀUaw lnÂkv F¶dnbs¸Sp¶ GeaeIÄ. N¡p]Åw, ]m¼mSpw]md, hWvSt·Sv, IcpWm]pcw, s\Sp¦WvSw, DSp¼³tNme, im´³]md F¶o ]©mb¯pIfnse 606 NXpc{iIntemanäÀ {]tZiw kwc£nX h\taJebmbn amänbm aXnsI«m\n \n¶pw tX¡Snbnte¡pÅ h\CS\mgn ]p\xØm]n¡m\mhpw Cu taJebnse a\pjyhmksamgnhm¡nbm h\yarK§Ä¡v aXnsI«m\pw tX¡Sn¡panSbn btYjvSw k©cn¡m³ kmlNcysamcp§pw. 2010  DSp¼³tNme Xmeq¡n kwØm\ ssPhsshhn[y t_mÀUv \S¸m¡nb I½yqWnän dnkÀ¨v ]²Xn Hcp amXrIm]²Xnbmbn KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«n NqWvSn¡mWn¡p¶pWvSv. {]mtZinI _tbm ssUthgvknän amt\Pvsaâv I½nänIÄ, {XnXe ]©mb¯pIÄ F¶nhsb kwØm\ _tbm ssUthgvknän t_mÀUv, tZiob _tbmsskthgvknän t_mÀUv F¶nhbpambn _Ôs¸Sp¯n ssPhsshhn[yw kwc£n¡p¶ amXrIm]²XnbmWnsX¶v dnt¸mÀ«n ]dbp¶p. Geae¡mSpIfnse A]qÀÆamb ssPhsshhn[yw P\Iob ]¦mfn¯t¯msS kwc£n¡pIbmWv Cu amXrIm]²XnbpsS e£ysa¶v kwØm\ _tbm ssUthgvknän t_mÀUv ASnhcbn«p ]dbp¶psWvS¦nepw aXnsI«m\pw tX¡Sn¡panSbn h\yPohn CS\mgn ]p\xØm]n¡pIbmWv CXnsâ ]n¶nse KqVe£ysa¶v IÀjIkwLS\IÄ Btcm]n¡p¶p. Ct¸mÄ Xs¶ tIcf¯nse ]e IpSntbä taJeIfnepw h\yPohn B{IaW¯m Irjn\miw hym]Iambn kw`hn¡p¶pWvSv. ]WvSpIme¯v \ne\n¶ncp¶psh¶p ]dbs¸Sp¶ h\yPohn CS\mgnIÄ ]p\xØm]n¨m kao]{]tZi§fnseÃmw Irjn Akm[yambn¯ocpsa¶mWv IÀjIcpsS `oXn.

h\yarK kt¦X§Ä, tZiob ]mÀ¡pIÄ, kwc£nX taJeIÄ XpS§nb kwc£nX tI{µ§fpsS AXncpIfn \n¶v 10 IntemaoäÀ hscbpÅ {]tZi§Ä k½À± \ntcm[nX _^À tkmWpIfmbnamäWsa¶ \nÀt±ihpw KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«nepWvSv. s\Ãnbm¼Xn ]d¼n¡pfw h\yPohn kwc£WtI{µ¯nsâ _^ÀtkmWmbn amdp¶Xpt]mse tX¡Sn, CSp¡n XpS§nb h\yarKtI{µ§fpsSbpw aäv kwc£nX taJeIfpsSbpw 10 IntemaoäÀ hscbpÅ {]tZi§Ä _^ÀtkmWpIfmbn amtäWvSnhcpw. bps\kvtImbpsS temI ss]XrI ]«nIbnte¡v \nÀt±in¡s¸« {]tZi§fpsS 10 IntemaoäÀ hsc ZqscbpÅ {]tZi§fnepw C¯cw k½À±\ntcm[nX _^ÀtkmWpIÄ Øm]nt¡WvSnhcpw. Hcp ]cnØnXnþP\kulrZ ]cn]me\ kwhn[m\amWv _^À tkmWpIfn cq]w sImtÅWvSsX¶mWv KmUvKn I½nänbpsS in]mÀi. Hcp {]tZis¯ \oÀamdn {]tZi§Ä, {Kma§fpsS AXncpIÄ F¶nh IW¡nseSp¯pw P\Iob A[nImcØm]\§fpsS A`n{]mb§fpsS ASnØm\¯nepw thWw _^À tkmWpIÄ \nÝbn¡m³. kwc£nXn]cnØnXn {][m\ tI{µ§fpsS 10 IntemaoäÀ Zqcw hsc _^À tkmWpIÄ cq]oIcn¡m\pÅ \nÀt±i§fpw ^e¯n Cu taJebnse Irjnbpw D]Poh\{]hÀ¯\§fpw Akm[yam¡n¯oÀ¡pw.

]s¯m¼Xmw \qämWvSnsâ Bcw`¯n AXmbXv 200 hÀjw ap¼v tIcf¯nsâ `qhnkvXrXnbpsS 75 iXam\hpw h\{]tZi§fmbncp¶p. 100 hÀjw sImWvSv AXv t\À]IpXnbmbn Ipdªp. Cu ImeL«¯nsem¶pw tIcf¯nse IpSntbäw Bcw`n¨n«nÃ. ]s¯m¼Xmw \qämWvSnsâ Ahkm\hpw Ccp]Xmw \qämWvSnsâ Bcw`¯nepw ]ÝnaL«§fnte¡v {_n«ojpImÀ tXbnet¯m«§fpw Im¸nt¯m«§fpw Øm]n¡m³ IS¶ph¶tXmsSbmWv ]ÝnaL«§fnse h\§Ä h³tXmXn apdn¨pamäs¸«Xv. ]ÝnaL«§fnse `q{]IrXnbnepWvSmb h³tXmXnepÅ amäw 1750 apX XpÀ¨bmbn \S¶phcp¶ Hcp {]{InbbmsW¶v KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«n Xs¶ ]dbp¶papWvSv. tIcfw, IÀ®mSIw, Xangv\mSv F¶o ]ÝnaL« kwØm\§fn \S¯nb Hcp ]T\¯n \n¶pw hyàambXv 1920 \pw 90 \panSbn Xs¶ ]ÝnaL«§fnse {]mYanI h\§fpsS 40 iXam\hpw aämhiy§Ä¡pthWvSn amäs¸«p F¶mWv. C¶v ]ÝnaL«§fnse GgpiXam\¯n Xmsg {]tZi§Ä am{Xsa {]mYanI h\§fmbn IW¡m¡s¸Sp¶pÅq. 1950 \pw 1980 \pw CSbn h\hn`h§sf ASnØm\am¡nbpÅ t]¸À, XSn, ss¹hpUv XpS§nbhbv¡pthWvSnbpw h\§Ä h³tXmXn \in¸n¡s¸«p. C¶v ]ÝnaL«§fpsS _lp`qcn]£w {]tZi§fpw Ces]mgnbpw ImSpIÄ t]mepÅ ZznXob h\amb hyhØtbm, tXm«hnfIfpsSAS¡apÅ GsX¦nepw ac§fpsS BhcWw ImWs¸Sp¶htbm BWv.

cWvSmw temIalmbp²t¯mS\p_Ôn¨pWvSmb {]tXyI km¼¯nI kmaqlnI kmlNcy§fmWv kaXe§fn \n¶pw ]ÝnaL«§fnse ae{¼tZi§fnte¡v h³tXmXnepÅ IpSntbäw XzcnXs¸Sp¯nbXv. tXm«w taJe hym]n¨Xns\ XpSÀ¶pWvSmb tdmUv kuIcy§fpw PesshZypX ]²XnIÄ¡pthWvSn IqSpX {]tZi§Ä sh«nshfp¸n¨Xpw IpSntbä¯n\v A\pIqeamb kmlNcyapWvSm¡n. Ignª 100 hÀjambn IqSpX IrjnsN¿p¶Xn\mbn BfpIÄ tIcf¯nsâ Ing¡³ taJeIfnte¡p IpSntbdp¶pWvSv. tIcf¯nse XoctZi taJesbmgnsIbpÅ {]tZi§sfÃmw Xs¶ cWvSp \qämWvSn\pap¼p hsc h\{]tZi§fmbncp¶p. P\kwJymhÀ[\hnsâ k½À±w IqSpX {]tZi§sf P\hmktI{µ§fm¡n. ASp¯Imew hsc tIcfobcpsS apJy D]Poh\amÀKw Irjnbmbncp¶XpsImWvSv IpSntbdnb {]tZi§fnseÃmw IÀjIÀ s]m¶phnfbn¨p. cWvSmw temIalmbp²¯n\p tijapÅ ImÂ\qämWvSpImew tIcf¯nse IÀjI IpSntbäw IqSpX hym]Iambn. \mWyhnfIsf t{]mÕmln¸n¡p¶ kÀ¡mÀ \bhpw tImfWnIÄ Øm]n¨v kÀ¡mÀ taÂt\m«¯n \S¸m¡nb t{Km tamÀ ^pUv Im¼bn³ t]mepÅ ]²XnIfpw IpSntbä¯n\v A\pIqeamb kmlNcyw krjvSn¨p. ]cnØnXn t_m[hpw ssPhsshhn[y kwc£W¯nsâ {]m[m\yhpsam¶pw kaql¯n C¶s¯t¸mse hym]Iambn thtcmSnbn«nÃm¯ Hcp ImeL«¯nembncp¶p tIcf¯nse ae{¼tZi§fnte¡pÅ IpSntbäw. AXnPoh\¯nsâ `mKambn \S¯nb B ]emb\w h\hpw ]cnØnXnbpw \in¸n¡m³ thWvSn Bkq{XnXambn \S¸m¡nb Hcp KqV]²Xnsbm¶paÃmbncp¶p. h³InStXm«§fpw h³PesshZypX ]²XnIfpw h\hn`h§sf ASnØm\am¡nbpÅ hyhkmb§fpw tNÀ¶v ]ÝnaL«§fn \S¯nb h\\ioIcWhpambn XmcXayw sN¿pt¼mÄ IpSntbä IÀjIÀ \S¯nb ]cnØnXn hn\miw XmcXtay\ sNdpXmWv. ]ÝnaL«§fnse tXm«§Ä GIhnf Irjn k{¼Zmbw hym]n¸n¨t¸mÄ IqSntbä IÀjIÀ ^ehr£§fpw \mWyhnfIfpw `£yhnfIfpw hfÀ¯parK§fpsaÃmw IqSnt¨À¶ ]cnØnXn kulrZ]camb ho«phf¸nse IrjnbnemWv {i²tI{µoIcn¨Xv.

tIcf¯nse IpSntbä taJeIfnse IÀjIcpsS aqt¶m \mtem Xeapd ]n¶nSpt¼mgmWv Cu {]tZi§fnse Irjn`qanIfpw tXm«§fpsaÃmw GsäSp¯v h\CS\mgnIfpw _^ÀtkmWpIfpsaÃmw Øm]n¡Wsa¶ apdhnfn ]etImWpIfn \n¶pw Dbcp¶Xv. tIcf¯n Ct¸mÄ apgph³ kab IÀjIÀ Gsd¡psd Ahtijn¨ncn¡p¶Xv IpSntbä taJeIfnemWv. Cu taJebn DWvSmIp¶ GXp {]XnIqe kmlNcyhpw tIcf¯nse Irjn¡v Xncn¨SnbpWvSm¡pw. tIcf¯nse kaXe{]tZi§fnse P\kwJym k½À±w hensbmcfhphsc Ipd¨Xv Ignª Ime§fnse IpSntbäambncp¶p. ]ÝnaL«§fnse ]cnØnXn ZpÀ_e taJeIfnse IÀjIsc IpSnbnd¡n h\w ]p\xØm]n¡Wsa¶v Bhiys¸Sp¶hÀ Cu IÀjIsc FhnsS IpSnbncp¯psa¶pIqSn ]dtbWvSXpWvSv. CSp¡nþhb\mSv PnÃIfnse H¶mw ]cnØnXn hnteme taJeIfn am{Xw 20 e£t¯mfw P\§Ä A[nhkn¡p¶pWvSv. h\h¡cW¯n\pw ]cnØnXn kwc£W¯n\pambn \nb{´W§Ä GÀs¸Sp¯nbm ChcpsS D]Poh\ kpc£nXXzw Bcv Dd¸m¡pw? IpSnbndt¡WvSnh¶m Chsc FhnsS ]p\c[nhkn¸n¡pw? tIcf¯nse aäp ]cnØnXn ZpÀ_e taJeIfnse IpSntbä IÀjIcpsS Imcy¯nepw Cu tNmZy§Ä {]kàamWv. ]ÝnaL«§fnse Hcp h\{]tZihpw kzm`mhnIambn ]p\xØm]n¡m\mhm¯XmsW¶ncns¡ Hcn¡Â h\ambncp¶ `q{]tZi§Ä hoWvSpw kzm`mhnI h\ambn amämsa¶ {]Xo£ tIhew acoNnIbmbn Ahtijn¡pItbbpÅq.

tIcf¯nse ]ÝnaL« ae{¼tZi§Ä am{Xaà Xoc{]tZi§fpw CS\mSpIfpsaÃmw Xo{hamb ]cnØnXn hn\mi¯nsâ ]SnbnemWv. hbÂ\nI¯epw aWÂJ\\hpw A\[nIrX Icn¦Â IzmdnIfpw Ip¶nSn¡epsaÃmw tIcf¯nse FÃm {]tZi§fnepw ImWmw. h\§tfmsSm¸w Xs¶ ]cnØnXn kwc£W¯n \nÀ®mbI {]m[m\yapÅhbmWv s\ÂhbepIfpw X®oÀ¯S§fpw. tIcf¯n 1980  8 e£w slIvSÀ Øe¯v s\ÂhbepIfpWvSmbncp¶Xv Ignª hÀjw 2.13 e£w slIvSdnte¡v Npcp§n. 30 hÀj¯n\nSbn tIcf¯n Bdpe£t¯mfw slIvSÀ Øe¯mWv s\ÂIrjn CÃmsXbmbXv. \nI¯s¸« s\ÂhbepIfpsS knwl`mKhpw ]ÝnaL«§Ä¡p ]pd¯pÅ kaXe§fnse \Kc§tfmSp tNÀ¶ {]tZi§fnemWv. ]ÝnaL«§fpsS ]cnØnXn kwc£W¯n\pthWvSn h³tXmXn IpSnbnd¡v \S¯Wsa¶p hmZn¡p¶hÀ ]cnØnXn kwc£n¡m³ X®oÀ¯S§fpw s\ÂhbepIfpw Xncn¨p]nSn¡Wsa¶v Bhiys¸Sm¯Xv XnIª Cc«¯m¸mWv.

tIcf¯nse IpSntbäw Hcp Häs¸« kw`haÃ. ]ÝnaL«§fnse aäp kwØm\§fnse ae{¼tZi§fnepw CtXImeL«¯n h³tXmXnepÅ IpSntbäapWvSmbn«pWvSv. temINcn{Xw ]cntim[n¨m Atacn¡bpw emän\tacn¡³ cmPy§fpapÄs¸sSbpÅ ]e cmPy§fpw cq]s¸«Xpw hnIkn¨Xpw IpSntbä¯nsâ ^eambn«msW¶p ImWmw. kwØm\§Ä¡I¯pÅ IpSntbäw C´ybnse FÃm kwØm\§fnepw \S¡p¶pWvSv. D]Poh\ kpc£nXXz¯n\pw km¼¯nI kpc£nXXz¯n\pw thWvSnbpÅ P\§fpsS At\zjWbm{XIÄ F¡me¯papWvSmbn«pWvSv. ap³Ime§fn Ncn{X]camb ImcW§fm kw`hn¨n«pÅ FÃmhn[ IpSntbä§fpw AwKoIcn¨psImWvSpXs¶ Cu {]tZi§fnse P\§fpsS ]qÀ® ]¦mfn¯t¯msS ]cnØnXnbpw ssPhsshhn[yhpw kwc£n¡pIbmWv Gähpw {]mtbmKnIamb kao]\w.

]cnØnXn ]p\xØm]\¯n\pthWvSn IpSntbä IÀjIsc h³tXmXn IpSnbnd¡Wsa¶v Bhiys¸Sp¶Xpt]mse Xs¶ A]e]\obamWv ]ÝnaL«§fnse ae\ncIfn Hcp hn[¯nepÅ ]cnØnXn kwc£W \S]SnIfpw A\phZn¡nsö \ne]mSpw. Irjnbpw ]cnØnXnbpw Hcp t]mse kwc£n¡p¶ \S]SnIfmWv Cu {]tZi§fpsS \ne\n¸n\v Bhiyw. hnthN\anÃm¯ DuÀPnX IrjncoXnIfpw h³tXmXnepÅ ]cnØnXn \ioIcWhpw aäp kwØm\§sf¡mÄ tIcf¯nse ]ÝnaL« {]tZi§fn IqSpXemWv. Cu {]tZi§fnse Ahtijn¡p¶ {]mYanI h\§Ä Hcn©pt]mepw kwc£n¡s¸SWw. ssPhsshhn[yw kwc£W¯n\v IÀjI ]¦mfn¯t¯msSbpÅ h³ ]²XnIÄ thWw. hr£¯e¸pIÄ h³tXmXn apdn¨pamäns¡mWvSpÅ DuÀPnX IrjncoXnIÄ \ncpÕmls¸Sp¯Ww. Cu taJebnse Irjn BZmbIcambn \S¯ns¡mWvSpt]mIp¶Xn\pÅ ssPhIrjn ]mt¡PpIÄ hnkn¸ns¨Sp¡Ww. hn]W\¯n\pw aqeyhÀ[\hn\pw IÀjIÀ¡v klmbw \ÂIWw. hr£§fpw ImÀjnI hnfIfpw tNÀ¶ kwtbmPnX Øehn\ntbmK {Iaamb At{Kmt^mdkv{Sn AYhm ImÀjnI h\h¡cW ]cn]mSnIÄ¡,v ]ÝnaL«§fnse ]cnØXn ]p\xØm]\¯n\v ap³KW\ \ÂIWw. tXm«§fnse Xcnip`qanIfnepw ImÀjnI h\h¡cW coXnIÄ \S¸m¡Ww. IÀjIsc i{Xp]£¯m¡ns¡mWvSpÅ ]cnØnXn kwc£W \S]SnIÄ hn]coX ^ew am{Xta krjvSn¡q F¶v Xncn¨dnªpsImWvSpthWw Cu taJebnse hnhn[ ]²XnIÄ \S¸m¡m³.

dw¼p«msâ XSnbqÀ s]cpa
]¯\wXn« PnÃbnse X\n \mS³ {Kmaamb XSnbqÀ Hcp Imcy¯n Aev]w hntZinbmWv. atejybnepw Xmbve³Unepw Ct´mt\jybnepw am{Xw hym]Iambn Irjn sN¿p¶ dw¼p«m³ tIcf¯n Gähpa[nIw...
kpØncIrjn]T\¯n\pw ssPhsshhn[y kwc£W¯n\pambn kzman\mY³ \nebw
imkv{Xhpw kmt¦XnI hnZybpw ]cnØnXn kwc£W¯n\pw kmaqlnI \·¡mbpw D]tbmKs¸Sp¯pI F¶e£yw km£mXvIcn¡p¶Xn\mbn ImÀjnI imkv{XÚ\mb {]^kÀ Fw.Fkv. kzman\mY³ Øm]n¨ imkv{X Kthj...
Hgp¡nsænepw Xnem¸nb hnfbpw, \qdpta\n
Hgp¡nÃm¯ tXm«nepw aÕyw kar²ambn hnfbn¡mw. Pm¡n F¶p hnfn¡p¶ A\q]nsâ A\p`hw CXn\p sXfnhmWv. Be¸pg X®oÀap¡w Xpcp¯n¯dbn ho«nencp¶v A\q]v k¼mZn¡p¶Xv Znhkw 3000þ 400...
hnjclnX hn]Wnbpambn {Ko³tjmÀ
kz´ambn IrjnsNbvXp In«p¶Xv Aev]amsW¦nepw AXnÂhnjansöpd¸pÅXpsImWvSpw kz´w hnbÀ¸n sâIqSn cpNn DÅXpsImWvSpw hne C¯ncn Iq«n¡mWm³ \mw ]Tn¨ncn¡p¶p. ho«pIrjnbnse A[nI...
CuÌÀ enÃn¸q¡Ä
{InkvXphnsâ DbnÀs¯gpt¶ev]nt\mS\p_Ôn¨pÅ CuÌÀ Zn\§fpambn ssItImÀ¯v IpgÂhmZy¯n sâ cq]¯n henb shfp¯ enÃn¸q¡Ä t]mse ]q¡Ä hnSÀ¯p¶ sNSnþCXmWv CuÌÀ enÃn F¶ hÅns¨Sn. sl...
Irjn sN¿mw, Ah¡mtUm
a[yAtacn¡bpw saIvknt¡mbpamWv Ah¡mtUm ]g¯nsâ P·tZiw. imkv{Xob\maw Persea americana. saIvknt¡mbpsS h\{]tZi§fn ImWp¶ \nXylcnXac...
s\·mdbnse IpSpw_¡rjn
]me¡m«v IrjnIÄ ]eXpsWvS¦nepw ]mhÂ, ]Shew IrjnbnemWv s\·md¡mcpsS hnPbw. ]o¸nÄkv kÀhokv skmsskän ]me¡mSv cq]oIcn¨ kv{Xo kwL Irjn]²XnbneqsS AZv`pXw krãn¡pIbmWv Chn...
]pXnb ]pjv]XmtcmZbw
Hcp ]pXnb ]pjv]kpµcnsb ]cnNbs¸Sp¯pIbmWv Cu e¡w BcmakpµcnIfnÂ. \½psS \m«n {]Nmcw e`n¨n«nÃm¯ C\nbpw {]Nmcw e`nt¡WvSp¶ Hcp ]qs¨Sn, aäp]e kpµc]pjv]nWnIsfbpw t]mse ...
]Ww hmcm³ ]¶nhfÀ¯Â
{ZpXKXnbnepÅ hfÀ¨, ]ehn[ Blmcw Ignbv¡m\pÅ Ignhv, DbÀ¶ Xoä ]cnhÀ¯\ tijn, DbÀ¶ {]XypXv]mZ\ \nc¡v, hn]Wnbn ]¶n amwk¯n\pw ]¶n¡p«nIÄ¡papÅ henb Unam³Uv F¶nhsbms¡ ]¶n...
{]IrXnbpsS Irjnimkv{Xw
Irjn Hcp k¼qÀW {]h À¯\amWv. AXpsImWvSp Xs¶ Hcp DZv{KYnX AhØ AXn\pWvSv. Adnhpw \oXnimkv{Xhpw a\kpw B\µhpw GIoIrXambn ka\zbn¡pt¼mgmWv bYmÀY¯n Irjn DWvSmIp¶Xv. {]...
kp_nbpsS apben\v sIm¼pWvSvþcWvSv
tIm«bw PnÃbn hmgqÀ CuÌv \Sph¯m\nbn ho«n kp_n sk_mÌy³ apb hfÀ¯en hnPbKmY cNn¡pIbmWv. Nnesc¦nepw apb hfÀ¯ense {]iv\§fpsSbpw ]cn`h§fpsSbpw `mWvUs¡«gn¡pt¼mÄ ...
agad, Adnbm\pWvSv Nne Imcy§Ä
a\pjy³ {]IrXnbn hcp¯p¶ amä§Ä ]e coXnbnepw `mh¯nepamWv {]Xn^en¡s¸Sp¶Xv. AXv Nnet¸mÄ ImemhØm hyXnbm\amImw, a®nsâ LS\bmImw, Pet{kmXkpIfn hcp¶ amä§fmhmw. AXn {][...
ag¡me¯v Hma\¸£nIÄ¡p thWw {]tXyI IcpXÂ
tamlhne \ÂIn hm§n hfÀ¯p¶ Acpa¸£nbv¡v ag¡mew ]et¸mgpw tcmKImeamImdpWvSv. IpSpw_mwK§fpsS Hma\bmbn hfÀ¯p¶, hn]Wnbn hnetbsdbpÅ AcpaIÄ¡v AkpJw hcp¶Xv ]£nhfÀ¯pImcpsS...
^vsfIvkv ]mgmt¡WvS, D]tbmKapWvSv
Ime¯nsâ Ips¯mgp¡n ^vsfIvkv t_mÀUpIfpsS {]m[m\yw H¶p thsdXs¶bmWv. F¶mÂ, D]tbmKiq\yamb ^vsfIvkv joäpIÄ ]et¸mgpw {]IrXn¡pw a\pjy\pw `ojWnbmhmdpapWvSv. D]tbmKiq\ya...
]mhbv¡bpsS Huj[aqeyw
]mhbv¡ \mSt\m adp\mSt\m F¶Ã, ]mhbv¡¡v Nne Huj[ aqey§fpWvSv. Ah Fs´ms¡bmsW¶v t\m¡mw. ]n¯w, I^w, {]talw, càtZmjw, IpjvTw, Imane, AcpNn F¶nhbv¡v BbqÀthZ hn[n{]Imcw...
Imens¯mgp¯nse ipNoIcWw b{´¡cp¯neqsS
hr¯nbpÅsXmgp¯pw ]cnkchpw ]iphnsâ BtcmKy ¯n\v AXy´m t]£nXamb LSIamWv. ip²amb ]mensâ e`yXbv¡pw CXv BhiyamWv. sXmgp¯n IdhbnepÅ ]ip¡fpÅt¸mÄ Znhkhpw aq¶v t\csa¦nepw...
tImgn]cn]me\w ag¡me¯v
C\n hcm\ncn¡p¶Xv CSh¸mXn¡mew. N¶w]n¶w CShnSmsX ags]¿pt¼mÄ a\pjyÀs¡¶t]mse hfÀ¯p]£nIfnepw ]eXc¯nepÅ _p²nap«pIfpw {]iv\§fpw IWvSphcp¶p. tImgnIfn tcmK{]Xntcm[tijn ...
XhnSpÅ AcnthtWm? Hm¬sse³ _p¡vsN¿q, ho«n e`n¡pw
ImÀjnI DXv]¶§Ä DXv]mZn¸n¡eÃ, hn]Wn IsWvS¯emWv ]et¸mgpw {]bmkamImdv. CXn\v hyXykvXamb Hcp ]cnlmcw IsWvS¯nbncn¡pIbmWv ]me¡mSv IpgÂaµ¯pÅ Hcp IÀjI IpSpw_w. U£v ^mw(...
hÀWhnkvabw XoÀ¯v HmÀ¡nUpIÄ
]pjv]n¡p¶ sNSnIfpsS Gähpw henb IpSpw_amb HmÀ¡ntUkntbbnÂs¸« HmÀ¡nUpIfn Adp\qdntesd P\pkpIfpw ap¸Xn\mbnc¯ntesd kv]ojnkpIfpw Hcp e£¯ntesd k¦cbn\§fpapWvSv. Bscbpw ...
Acpa¸£nIÄ¡v thWw sshhn[yapÅ `£W{Iaw
Acpa¸£nIfpsS icnbmb `£WcoXn AhbpsS t]mjW¯n\p am{Xaà am\kntImÃmk¯n\pw AXymhiyamWv. ]et¸mgpw sXämb BlmccoXn ]e AkpJ§Ä¡pw Nnet¸mÄ acW¯n\phsc ImcWamIp¶p.
ssItXcnbn Irjnt¯m«§Ä HgpIn \S¡pw
]pcbnS§fn \n¶p a«p¸mhnte¡v tNt¡dnb IrjnbnS§sf¡pdn¨v tI«n«pWvSv. F¶m a«p¸mhn \n¶p IrjnbnS§Ä Pemib§fnte¡v hgnamdpIbmWv I®qÀ PnÃbnse Iq¯p]d¼v ssItXcnbnÂ. Iq¯p]d...
Hmd©v hfcp¶ ssltd©v
ISIfn \n¶v Hmd©v hm§n Ign¡p¶ aebmfn¡v tIcf¯nepw Hmd©v hfcp¶pWvSv F¶p ]dªm hnizkn¡m³ {]bmkamIpw. F¶m CSp¡nbnsebpw hb\m«nsebpw ]me¡ms«bpw DbÀ¶ ae\ncIfn hfcp¶ ...
hoWvSpw Nne N¡hntij§Ä
kzmZnãhpw t]mjIkar²hpamWv N¡¸gw. AtXmsSm¸w \½psS \m«n kpe`hpw. N¡sb tIcf¯nse Hcp {][m\ ImÀjnIDXv]¶am¡m³ C¡mcW§sfms¡ [mcmfamWv. ]c¼cmKXIrjnIÄ {]XnkÔnIfneqsS IS¶...
Im«m\ sImXn¡pw aq«n¸gw
Cu]gtaX¶dnbmtam Adnbm³ hgnbnÃ. Im«nse ac§Ä¡nSbn hfcpw aq«n F¶ ap«n ]gw hnfbpw acw Xs¶. ap«n acsa¶ t]cpXs¶ aqSv hscImbv \nd¨v Bscbpw hÃmsX BIÀjn¡pIbpw sImXn¸n¡...
NXpc¸bÀ: t{]m«o³ kar²w
hnwKvUv _o³ F¶ t]cn Adnbs¸Sp¶ NXpc¸bdnsâ P·tZiw aUKmkvIdmWv. ]bÀhÀK§fnepw sam¯apÅ ]¨¡dnIfnepwsh¨v Gähpw A[nIw amwkyw AYhm t{]m«o³ AS§nbn«pÅ hnfbpw NXpc¸bÀXs¶. ...
\mbIÄ¡pw thWw hymbmaw
Im©\¡q«nemsW¦nepw \nXy_Ô\w \mbv¡fpsS imcocnI, am\knImtcmKys¯ {]XnIqeambn _m[n¡pw. \mbv¡sf apgph³ kabw Iq«neS¨nSp¶Xv {IqchpamWv. AXn\m \mbv¡Ä¡v IrXyamb hymbmaw ...
tIcf¯nsâ £oc klImcn
£otcmXv]mZI klIcW kwL§Ä hgn Gähpw IqSpX ]m hn]W\w \S¯nbXn\pÅ kwØm\ £ochnIk\ hIp¸nsâ Cu hÀjs¯ £ocklImcn ]pckvImcw tIm«bw, ssh¡w Snhn]pcs¯ Poh³ ^mwkv DSa am´phÅ...
C\nbpw ]Sn¡p]pd¯p \nÀ¯cpXv shfns¨®sb
Atacn¡ DĸsSbpÅ hntZiobcpsS `£W{Ia¯n Hgn¨pIqSm\mhm¯ Øm\amWv C¶v shfns¨® Im]vkyqfn\v. F¶m&...
anI¨IÀjI³ ]¸mb Irjnbnepw kPohw
Gew, PmXn AS¡apÅ IrjnIfneqsS kwØm\ Xe¯n {it²b \mb ae¸pdw taemäqÀ amXyp sk_mkväy³ ]¸mb IrjnbneqsS {i...
D]Nmc]qÀhw RWvSpIÅn
XWvSpIfpsS A{K`mKtamtcm¶pw RWvSn³Imept]mse \J§fpÅXv; C§s\ RWvSn³Imept]mse XWvSpIfpÅ IÅns¨SnbmWv {Im_v ImIväkv ...
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