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]cnØnXn kwc£n¡m³ IÀjIsc IpSnbnd¡tWm ?

tUm. tPmkv tPmk^v

{]^kÀ B³Uv slUv, hnÚm\hym]\hn`mKw, ImÀjnI tImfPv, ]S¶¡mSv

KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«pw s\Ãnbm¼Xn FtÌäv hnhmZ§fpw IpSntbä taJeIfnse IÀjIÀ¡nSbn Bi¦bpsS \ngepIÄ ]c¯nbncn¡pIbmWv. KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«v tI{µþkwØm\ Kh¬saâpIÄ A´naambn AwKoIcn¨n«nsænepw ]ÝnaL«§fnse hnhn[ ]²XnIÄ¡v dnt¸mÀ«n \nÀt±in¨ncn¡p¶ hyhØIÄ¡\pkcn¨p am{Xta A\paXn \ÂImhq F¶v tZiob {Ko³ ss{S_yqW CXn\Iw HcnS¡me D¯chneqsS hyàam¡n¡gnªp. Irjn¡pw \nÀ½mW{]hÀ¯\§Ä¡pw KmUvKn I½nän \nÀt±in¨ncn¡p¶ \nb{´W§Ä ]ÝnaL«§fnse ]cnØnXn hnteme taJeIfn DS³ Xs¶ \S¸m¡Wsa¶mWv Hcp hn`mKw ]cnØnXn {]hÀ¯IcpsS Bhiyw. CtXmsSm¸w h\yarK§fpsS CS\mgnIÄ ]p\xØm]n¡p¶Xn\pw kwc£nX tI{µ§Ä¡pNpäpw _^À tkmWpIÄ GÀs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\pw aäpambn Cu {]tZi§fnse IpSntbäw Hgn¸n¡Wsa¶pw ChÀ Bhiys¸Sp¶p. \nXyhr¯n¡pw D]Poh\ kpc£nXXz¯n\pw thWvSn aqt¶m \mtem XeapdIÄ¡p ap¼v tIcf¯nse hnhn[ PnÃIfnse ae{¼tZi§fn {]XnIqeImemhØtbmSpw h\yarK§tfmSpw aÃn«v IpSntbdnb e£¡W¡n\v IpSntbä IÀjIsc `qanIt¿ä¡mcpw `qam^nbbpsS hàm¡fpambn Nn{XoIcn¡p¶Xv tIcf¯n ASp¯Ime¯v hmNItafbneqsS ]cnØnXn kwc£Ww \S¯p¶hcpsS CSbn Hcp ^mj\mbn amdnbn«pWvSv. hmkvXh¯n tIcf¯nsâ ImÀjnI taJebpsS \s«ÃmWv IpSntbä taJebnse IÀjIÀ. ]cnØnXnbpsS t]cn Cu IÀjIsc t{Zmln¡m\pÅ GsXmcp \o¡hpw Irjnsbbpw ]cnØnXnsbbpw Hcpt]mse XIÀ¡pItb DÅq.

cmPys¯ ae{¼tZi§fpsS 65 iXam\hpw h\ambn kwc£n¡pIbmWv tZiob e£ysa¶v KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«n ]dbp¶p. ]ÝnaL«§fpsS {]tXyIamb ]cnØnXn {]m[m\yw IW¡nseSp¯v ChnSs¯ h\§fpsS hnkvXrXn sam¯w hnkvXrXnbpsS 75 iXam\sa¦nepambn DbÀ¯Wsa¶mWv KmUvKn I½nänbpsS in]mÀi. h\t¯m«§Ä DÄs¸sS tIcf¯nse Ct¸mgs¯ h\hnkvXrXn tIcf¯nsâ sam¯w `qhnkvXrXnbpsS GItZiw 30 iXam\t¯mfw hcpw. Ignª Ipsd¡meambn tIcf¯nsâ h\hnkvXrXn henb amä§fnÃmsX Gsd¡psd Øncambn \n¡pIbmWv. tIcf¯nsâ h\hnkvXrXn KmUvKn I½nän in]mÀisN¿p¶Xpt]mse 75 iXam\ambn DbÀ¯Wsa¦n dnt¸mÀ«n ]mcnØnXnI hnteme taJeIfmbn kqNn¸n¡p¶ {]tZi§fnse Irjn`qan h³tXmXn IpSnsbmgn¸nt¡WvSnhcpw. CXv {]mtbmKnIamtWm F¶XmWv {]kàamb H¶mas¯ tNmZyw. C§s\ IpSnsbmgn¸n¡m³ XpS§nbm Xs¶ GXp XobXn¡p ap¼pÅ IpSntbä§Ä Hgn¸nt¡WvSnhcpsa¶XmWv cWvSmas¯ tNmZyw. 1977 \p ap¼pÅ IpSntbä§Ä¡v \nbakm[pX \ÂIn ssIhi`qan¡v IÀjIÀ¡v ]«bw \ÂIm\pÅ Xocpam\w hfsc ap¼pXs¶ kwØm\ kÀ¡mÀ FSp¯n«pÅXmWv. Cu kmlNcy¯n h\kwc£W¯nsâ t]cn IpSntbä IÀjIsc Hgn¸n¡Wsa¶ hmZw Cu taJebn ]pXnb kwLÀj§Ä¡v hgnsXfn¡pItbDÅq.

tIcf¯nse 633 Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§Ä KmUvKn I½nän \nÀt±in¨ ]mcnØnXnI ZpÀ_e taJeIfn DÄs¸Sp¶psh¶v "]ÝnaL« hnZKv[ kanXn dnt¸mÀ«v' tIcf¯n\p {]kàamb `mK§Ä F¶ t]cn tIcf kwØm\ ssPhsshhn[yt_mÀUv {]kn²oIcn¨ dnt¸mÀ«n ]dbp¶p. Be¸pg HgnsIbpÅ tIcf¯nse 13 PnÃIfnepw ]ÝnaL«hpambn _Ôs¸« ]mcnØnXnI ZpÀ_e taJeIfpWvSv. CSp¡n PnÃbnse FÃm ]©mb¯pIfpw, sXmSp]pg ap\nkn¸menänbpw KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«v {]ImcapÅ H¶mas¯ ]mcnØnXnI ZpÀ_e taJebnemWv. H¶mw taJebn tIcfsam«msI 158 Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§fmWv hcp¶sX¶v dnt¸mÀ«n ]dbp¶p. cWvSmw ]cnØnXn hnteme taJebn 268 ]©mb¯pIfpw aq¶mw taJebn 439 ]©mb¯pIfpw DÄs¸Sp¶p. hb\mSv PnÃbnse 27 ]©mb¯pIfn 23 Dw H¶mw ]cnØnXn hnteme taJebnemWv. Xncph\´]pcw tImÀ¸tdjsâ Nne `mK§fpw s\Spa§mSv ap\nkn¸menänbpsaÃmw H¶mw ]cnØnXn hnteme taJebn DÄs¸Spw. IÀi\ \nb{´W§Ä in]mÀi sNbvXncn¡p¶ ]cnØnXn hnteme taJe H¶nepw cWvSnepw s]Sp¶ ]©mb¯pIfpsS _lp`qcn]£hpw tIcf¯nse {][m\s¸« IpSntbä taJe IfmWv. ]cnØnXn kwc£W¯n\v ChnsS IpSnbnd¡v DÄs¸sSbpÅ \S]SnIÄ thWsa¶v Nne ]cnØnXn kwLS\IÄ Hfnªpw sXfn ªpw ]dbp¶p. KmUvKn I½nän ]cnØnXn hnteme taJeIÄ¡p ]pdsa tIcf¯nse hnhn[ PnÃIfnembn 18 kwc£nX tI{µ§fpw \nÀt±in¨n«pWvSv. h\yPohn kwc£Whpambn _Ôs¸« Cu kwc£nX tI{µ§Ä (Proteted Areas) kw_Ôn¨ hyàamb \nÀt±i§Ä KmUvKn I½nän \ÂInbn«nÃ. ]\¯Sn, {_ÒKncnþXncps\Ãn, hb\mSv, _mWmkpcþIpäymSn, \ne¼qÀþta¸mSn, sskeâv hmenþ \yq Aac¼ew, incphmWn, s\Ãnbmw]Xn, ]o¨nþhmgm\n, AXnc¸nÅnþhmg¨mÂ, ]qbwIp«nþaq¶mÀ, ImÀUaw lnÂkv, s]cnbmÀ, Ipf¯q¸pg, AKkvXyae XpS§nb kwc£nX tI{µ§fnepw Ahbv¡p NpäpapÅ ]cnØnXn hnteme taJeIfnepambn 91 Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§Ä DÄs¡mÅp¶p. Cu {]tZi§fpw tIcf¯nse {][m\s¸« IpSntbä taJeIfmWv.

ctWvSm AXne[nItam h\yPohn BhmktI{µ§sf ]pcmX\ Imew apXÂt¡ X½n _Ôn¸n¡p¶Xpw h\yPohnIÄ Cu Bhmk hyhØIfneqsS At\ym\w IS¡p¶Xpamb {]tZi§fmWv h\CS\mgnIÄ. AcphnIÄ, \ZnbpsS DdhnS§Ä, \ZnIÄ F¶nhsbÃmw h\yPohnIfpsS CS\mgnIfmWv. h\yPohnIfpsS CS\mgnIsf¶v Ct¸mÄ hntijn¸n¡s¸Sp¶ ]e {]tZi§fpw Imem´c¯n IpSntbäs¯ XpSÀ¶v \n_nU P\hmkapÅ ImÀjnI {]tZi§fmbn amdnbhbmWv. cWvSp h\{]tZi§Ä¡nSbnepÅ h\ CS\mgnIfnse IpSntbäw Hgn¸n¨v B {]tZi§sf h\am¡n amän h\CS\mgnIÄ ]p\xØm]n¡Wsa¶XmWv ]cnØnXn hmZnIfpsS asämcp Bhiyw. s\Ãnbm¼Xn {]tZiw ]d¼n¡pfw ISphmkt¦X¯nte¡pÅ h\C\SmgnbmbXn\m Cu {]tZis¯ 10,000 G¡tdmfw IpSntbäw Hgn¸n¨v CXv h\`qanbm¡n amäWsa¶mWv Bhiyw. C§s\ sNbvXm ISph, B\ XpS§nb h\yPohnIÄ¡v ]d¼n¡pfw h\taJebv¡v ]pdt¯¡pw AIt¯¡pw btYjvSw k©cn¡m\mhpsa¶v ChÀ hmZn¡p¶p. tIcf¯nse aäp {][m\s¸« h\taJeItfmSp tNÀ¶pw C¯cw h\CS\mgnIfpWvSv.

CSp¡n PnÃbnse ImÀUaw lnÂkv F¶dnbs¸Sp¶ {]tZihpw CXpt]mepÅ Hcp h\CS\mgnbmsW¶mWv hmZw. aXnsI«m³ h\taJebn \n¶pw tX¡Sn s]cnbmÀ ISphmkt¦X¯nte¡pÅ h\CS\mgn bmWs{X ImÀUaw lnÂkv F¶dnbs¸Sp¶ GeaeIÄ. N¡p]Åw, ]m¼mSpw]md, hWvSt·Sv, IcpWm]pcw, s\Sp¦WvSw, DSp¼³tNme, im´³]md F¶o ]©mb¯pIfnse 606 NXpc{iIntemanäÀ {]tZiw kwc£nX h\taJebmbn amänbm aXnsI«m\n \n¶pw tX¡Snbnte¡pÅ h\CS\mgn ]p\xØm]n¡m\mhpw Cu taJebnse a\pjyhmksamgnhm¡nbm h\yarK§Ä¡v aXnsI«m\pw tX¡Sn¡panSbn btYjvSw k©cn¡m³ kmlNcysamcp§pw. 2010  DSp¼³tNme Xmeq¡n kwØm\ ssPhsshhn[y t_mÀUv \S¸m¡nb I½yqWnän dnkÀ¨v ]²Xn Hcp amXrIm]²Xnbmbn KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«n NqWvSn¡mWn¡p¶pWvSv. {]mtZinI _tbm ssUthgvknän amt\Pvsaâv I½nänIÄ, {XnXe ]©mb¯pIÄ F¶nhsb kwØm\ _tbm ssUthgvknän t_mÀUv, tZiob _tbmsskthgvknän t_mÀUv F¶nhbpambn _Ôs¸Sp¯n ssPhsshhn[yw kwc£n¡p¶ amXrIm]²XnbmWnsX¶v dnt¸mÀ«n ]dbp¶p. Geae¡mSpIfnse A]qÀÆamb ssPhsshhn[yw P\Iob ]¦mfn¯t¯msS kwc£n¡pIbmWv Cu amXrIm]²XnbpsS e£ysa¶v kwØm\ _tbm ssUthgvknän t_mÀUv ASnhcbn«p ]dbp¶psWvS¦nepw aXnsI«m\pw tX¡Sn¡panSbn h\yPohn CS\mgn ]p\xØm]n¡pIbmWv CXnsâ ]n¶nse KqVe£ysa¶v IÀjIkwLS\IÄ Btcm]n¡p¶p. Ct¸mÄ Xs¶ tIcf¯nse ]e IpSntbä taJeIfnepw h\yPohn B{IaW¯m Irjn\miw hym]Iambn kw`hn¡p¶pWvSv. ]WvSpIme¯v \ne\n¶ncp¶psh¶p ]dbs¸Sp¶ h\yPohn CS\mgnIÄ ]p\xØm]n¨m kao]{]tZi§fnseÃmw Irjn Akm[yambn¯ocpsa¶mWv IÀjIcpsS `oXn.

h\yarK kt¦X§Ä, tZiob ]mÀ¡pIÄ, kwc£nX taJeIÄ XpS§nb kwc£nX tI{µ§fpsS AXncpIfn \n¶v 10 IntemaoäÀ hscbpÅ {]tZi§Ä k½À± \ntcm[nX _^À tkmWpIfmbnamäWsa¶ \nÀt±ihpw KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«nepWvSv. s\Ãnbm¼Xn ]d¼n¡pfw h\yPohn kwc£WtI{µ¯nsâ _^ÀtkmWmbn amdp¶Xpt]mse tX¡Sn, CSp¡n XpS§nb h\yarKtI{µ§fpsSbpw aäv kwc£nX taJeIfpsSbpw 10 IntemaoäÀ hscbpÅ {]tZi§Ä _^ÀtkmWpIfmbn amtäWvSnhcpw. bps\kvtImbpsS temI ss]XrI ]«nIbnte¡v \nÀt±in¡s¸« {]tZi§fpsS 10 IntemaoäÀ hsc ZqscbpÅ {]tZi§fnepw C¯cw k½À±\ntcm[nX _^ÀtkmWpIÄ Øm]nt¡WvSnhcpw. Hcp ]cnØnXnþP\kulrZ ]cn]me\ kwhn[m\amWv _^À tkmWpIfn cq]w sImtÅWvSsX¶mWv KmUvKn I½nänbpsS in]mÀi. Hcp {]tZis¯ \oÀamdn {]tZi§Ä, {Kma§fpsS AXncpIÄ F¶nh IW¡nseSp¯pw P\Iob A[nImcØm]\§fpsS A`n{]mb§fpsS ASnØm\¯nepw thWw _^À tkmWpIÄ \nÝbn¡m³. kwc£nXn]cnØnXn {][m\ tI{µ§fpsS 10 IntemaoäÀ Zqcw hsc _^À tkmWpIÄ cq]oIcn¡m\pÅ \nÀt±i§fpw ^e¯n Cu taJebnse Irjnbpw D]Poh\{]hÀ¯\§fpw Akm[yam¡n¯oÀ¡pw.

]s¯m¼Xmw \qämWvSnsâ Bcw`¯n AXmbXv 200 hÀjw ap¼v tIcf¯nsâ `qhnkvXrXnbpsS 75 iXam\hpw h\{]tZi§fmbncp¶p. 100 hÀjw sImWvSv AXv t\À]IpXnbmbn Ipdªp. Cu ImeL«¯nsem¶pw tIcf¯nse IpSntbäw Bcw`n¨n«nÃ. ]s¯m¼Xmw \qämWvSnsâ Ahkm\hpw Ccp]Xmw \qämWvSnsâ Bcw`¯nepw ]ÝnaL«§fnte¡v {_n«ojpImÀ tXbnet¯m«§fpw Im¸nt¯m«§fpw Øm]n¡m³ IS¶ph¶tXmsSbmWv ]ÝnaL«§fnse h\§Ä h³tXmXn apdn¨pamäs¸«Xv. ]ÝnaL«§fnse `q{]IrXnbnepWvSmb h³tXmXnepÅ amäw 1750 apX XpÀ¨bmbn \S¶phcp¶ Hcp {]{InbbmsW¶v KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«n Xs¶ ]dbp¶papWvSv. tIcfw, IÀ®mSIw, Xangv\mSv F¶o ]ÝnaL« kwØm\§fn \S¯nb Hcp ]T\¯n \n¶pw hyàambXv 1920 \pw 90 \panSbn Xs¶ ]ÝnaL«§fnse {]mYanI h\§fpsS 40 iXam\hpw aämhiy§Ä¡pthWvSn amäs¸«p F¶mWv. C¶v ]ÝnaL«§fnse GgpiXam\¯n Xmsg {]tZi§Ä am{Xsa {]mYanI h\§fmbn IW¡m¡s¸Sp¶pÅq. 1950 \pw 1980 \pw CSbn h\hn`h§sf ASnØm\am¡nbpÅ t]¸À, XSn, ss¹hpUv XpS§nbhbv¡pthWvSnbpw h\§Ä h³tXmXn \in¸n¡s¸«p. C¶v ]ÝnaL«§fpsS _lp`qcn]£w {]tZi§fpw Ces]mgnbpw ImSpIÄ t]mepÅ ZznXob h\amb hyhØtbm, tXm«hnfIfpsSAS¡apÅ GsX¦nepw ac§fpsS BhcWw ImWs¸Sp¶htbm BWv.

cWvSmw temIalmbp²t¯mS\p_Ôn¨pWvSmb {]tXyI km¼¯nI kmaqlnI kmlNcy§fmWv kaXe§fn \n¶pw ]ÝnaL«§fnse ae{¼tZi§fnte¡v h³tXmXnepÅ IpSntbäw XzcnXs¸Sp¯nbXv. tXm«w taJe hym]n¨Xns\ XpSÀ¶pWvSmb tdmUv kuIcy§fpw PesshZypX ]²XnIÄ¡pthWvSn IqSpX {]tZi§Ä sh«nshfp¸n¨Xpw IpSntbä¯n\v A\pIqeamb kmlNcyapWvSm¡n. Ignª 100 hÀjambn IqSpX IrjnsN¿p¶Xn\mbn BfpIÄ tIcf¯nsâ Ing¡³ taJeIfnte¡p IpSntbdp¶pWvSv. tIcf¯nse XoctZi taJesbmgnsIbpÅ {]tZi§sfÃmw Xs¶ cWvSp \qämWvSn\pap¼p hsc h\{]tZi§fmbncp¶p. P\kwJymhÀ[\hnsâ k½À±w IqSpX {]tZi§sf P\hmktI{µ§fm¡n. ASp¯Imew hsc tIcfobcpsS apJy D]Poh\amÀKw Irjnbmbncp¶XpsImWvSv IpSntbdnb {]tZi§fnseÃmw IÀjIÀ s]m¶phnfbn¨p. cWvSmw temIalmbp²¯n\p tijapÅ ImÂ\qämWvSpImew tIcf¯nse IÀjI IpSntbäw IqSpX hym]Iambn. \mWyhnfIsf t{]mÕmln¸n¡p¶ kÀ¡mÀ \bhpw tImfWnIÄ Øm]n¨v kÀ¡mÀ taÂt\m«¯n \S¸m¡nb t{Km tamÀ ^pUv Im¼bn³ t]mepÅ ]²XnIfpw IpSntbä¯n\v A\pIqeamb kmlNcyw krjvSn¨p. ]cnØnXn t_m[hpw ssPhsshhn[y kwc£W¯nsâ {]m[m\yhpsam¶pw kaql¯n C¶s¯t¸mse hym]Iambn thtcmSnbn«nÃm¯ Hcp ImeL«¯nembncp¶p tIcf¯nse ae{¼tZi§fnte¡pÅ IpSntbäw. AXnPoh\¯nsâ `mKambn \S¯nb B ]emb\w h\hpw ]cnØnXnbpw \in¸n¡m³ thWvSn Bkq{XnXambn \S¸m¡nb Hcp KqV]²Xnsbm¶paÃmbncp¶p. h³InStXm«§fpw h³PesshZypX ]²XnIfpw h\hn`h§sf ASnØm\am¡nbpÅ hyhkmb§fpw tNÀ¶v ]ÝnaL«§fn \S¯nb h\\ioIcWhpambn XmcXayw sN¿pt¼mÄ IpSntbä IÀjIÀ \S¯nb ]cnØnXn hn\miw XmcXtay\ sNdpXmWv. ]ÝnaL«§fnse tXm«§Ä GIhnf Irjn k{¼Zmbw hym]n¸n¨t¸mÄ IqSntbä IÀjIÀ ^ehr£§fpw \mWyhnfIfpw `£yhnfIfpw hfÀ¯parK§fpsaÃmw IqSnt¨À¶ ]cnØnXn kulrZ]camb ho«phf¸nse IrjnbnemWv {i²tI{µoIcn¨Xv.

tIcf¯nse IpSntbä taJeIfnse IÀjIcpsS aqt¶m \mtem Xeapd ]n¶nSpt¼mgmWv Cu {]tZi§fnse Irjn`qanIfpw tXm«§fpsaÃmw GsäSp¯v h\CS\mgnIfpw _^ÀtkmWpIfpsaÃmw Øm]n¡Wsa¶ apdhnfn ]etImWpIfn \n¶pw Dbcp¶Xv. tIcf¯n Ct¸mÄ apgph³ kab IÀjIÀ Gsd¡psd Ahtijn¨ncn¡p¶Xv IpSntbä taJeIfnemWv. Cu taJebn DWvSmIp¶ GXp {]XnIqe kmlNcyhpw tIcf¯nse Irjn¡v Xncn¨SnbpWvSm¡pw. tIcf¯nse kaXe{]tZi§fnse P\kwJym k½À±w hensbmcfhphsc Ipd¨Xv Ignª Ime§fnse IpSntbäambncp¶p. ]ÝnaL«§fnse ]cnØnXn ZpÀ_e taJeIfnse IÀjIsc IpSnbnd¡n h\w ]p\xØm]n¡Wsa¶v Bhiys¸Sp¶hÀ Cu IÀjIsc FhnsS IpSnbncp¯psa¶pIqSn ]dtbWvSXpWvSv. CSp¡nþhb\mSv PnÃIfnse H¶mw ]cnØnXn hnteme taJeIfn am{Xw 20 e£t¯mfw P\§Ä A[nhkn¡p¶pWvSv. h\h¡cW¯n\pw ]cnØnXn kwc£W¯n\pambn \nb{´W§Ä GÀs¸Sp¯nbm ChcpsS D]Poh\ kpc£nXXzw Bcv Dd¸m¡pw? IpSnbndt¡WvSnh¶m Chsc FhnsS ]p\c[nhkn¸n¡pw? tIcf¯nse aäp ]cnØnXn ZpÀ_e taJeIfnse IpSntbä IÀjIcpsS Imcy¯nepw Cu tNmZy§Ä {]kàamWv. ]ÝnaL«§fnse Hcp h\{]tZihpw kzm`mhnIambn ]p\xØm]n¡m\mhm¯XmsW¶ncns¡ Hcn¡Â h\ambncp¶ `q{]tZi§Ä hoWvSpw kzm`mhnI h\ambn amämsa¶ {]Xo£ tIhew acoNnIbmbn Ahtijn¡pItbbpÅq.

tIcf¯nse ]ÝnaL« ae{¼tZi§Ä am{Xaà Xoc{]tZi§fpw CS\mSpIfpsaÃmw Xo{hamb ]cnØnXn hn\mi¯nsâ ]SnbnemWv. hbÂ\nI¯epw aWÂJ\\hpw A\[nIrX Icn¦Â IzmdnIfpw Ip¶nSn¡epsaÃmw tIcf¯nse FÃm {]tZi§fnepw ImWmw. h\§tfmsSm¸w Xs¶ ]cnØnXn kwc£W¯n \nÀ®mbI {]m[m\yapÅhbmWv s\ÂhbepIfpw X®oÀ¯S§fpw. tIcf¯n 1980  8 e£w slIvSÀ Øe¯v s\ÂhbepIfpWvSmbncp¶Xv Ignª hÀjw 2.13 e£w slIvSdnte¡v Npcp§n. 30 hÀj¯n\nSbn tIcf¯n Bdpe£t¯mfw slIvSÀ Øe¯mWv s\ÂIrjn CÃmsXbmbXv. \nI¯s¸« s\ÂhbepIfpsS knwl`mKhpw ]ÝnaL«§Ä¡p ]pd¯pÅ kaXe§fnse \Kc§tfmSp tNÀ¶ {]tZi§fnemWv. ]ÝnaL«§fpsS ]cnØnXn kwc£W¯n\pthWvSn h³tXmXn IpSnbnd¡v \S¯Wsa¶p hmZn¡p¶hÀ ]cnØnXn kwc£n¡m³ X®oÀ¯S§fpw s\ÂhbepIfpw Xncn¨p]nSn¡Wsa¶v Bhiys¸Sm¯Xv XnIª Cc«¯m¸mWv.

tIcf¯nse IpSntbäw Hcp Häs¸« kw`haÃ. ]ÝnaL«§fnse aäp kwØm\§fnse ae{¼tZi§fnepw CtXImeL«¯n h³tXmXnepÅ IpSntbäapWvSmbn«pWvSv. temINcn{Xw ]cntim[n¨m Atacn¡bpw emän\tacn¡³ cmPy§fpapÄs¸sSbpÅ ]e cmPy§fpw cq]s¸«Xpw hnIkn¨Xpw IpSntbä¯nsâ ^eambn«msW¶p ImWmw. kwØm\§Ä¡I¯pÅ IpSntbäw C´ybnse FÃm kwØm\§fnepw \S¡p¶pWvSv. D]Poh\ kpc£nXXz¯n\pw km¼¯nI kpc£nXXz¯n\pw thWvSnbpÅ P\§fpsS At\zjWbm{XIÄ F¡me¯papWvSmbn«pWvSv. ap³Ime§fn Ncn{X]camb ImcW§fm kw`hn¨n«pÅ FÃmhn[ IpSntbä§fpw AwKoIcn¨psImWvSpXs¶ Cu {]tZi§fnse P\§fpsS ]qÀ® ]¦mfn¯t¯msS ]cnØnXnbpw ssPhsshhn[yhpw kwc£n¡pIbmWv Gähpw {]mtbmKnIamb kao]\w.

]cnØnXn ]p\xØm]\¯n\pthWvSn IpSntbä IÀjIsc h³tXmXn IpSnbnd¡Wsa¶v Bhiys¸Sp¶Xpt]mse Xs¶ A]e]\obamWv ]ÝnaL«§fnse ae\ncIfn Hcp hn[¯nepÅ ]cnØnXn kwc£W \S]SnIfpw A\phZn¡nsö \ne]mSpw. Irjnbpw ]cnØnXnbpw Hcp t]mse kwc£n¡p¶ \S]SnIfmWv Cu {]tZi§fpsS \ne\n¸n\v Bhiyw. hnthN\anÃm¯ DuÀPnX IrjncoXnIfpw h³tXmXnepÅ ]cnØnXn \ioIcWhpw aäp kwØm\§sf¡mÄ tIcf¯nse ]ÝnaL« {]tZi§fn IqSpXemWv. Cu {]tZi§fnse Ahtijn¡p¶ {]mYanI h\§Ä Hcn©pt]mepw kwc£n¡s¸SWw. ssPhsshhn[yw kwc£W¯n\v IÀjI ]¦mfn¯t¯msSbpÅ h³ ]²XnIÄ thWw. hr£¯e¸pIÄ h³tXmXn apdn¨pamäns¡mWvSpÅ DuÀPnX IrjncoXnIÄ \ncpÕmls¸Sp¯Ww. Cu taJebnse Irjn BZmbIcambn \S¯ns¡mWvSpt]mIp¶Xn\pÅ ssPhIrjn ]mt¡PpIÄ hnkn¸ns¨Sp¡Ww. hn]W\¯n\pw aqeyhÀ[\hn\pw IÀjIÀ¡v klmbw \ÂIWw. hr£§fpw ImÀjnI hnfIfpw tNÀ¶ kwtbmPnX Øehn\ntbmK {Iaamb At{Kmt^mdkv{Sn AYhm ImÀjnI h\h¡cW ]cn]mSnIÄ¡,v ]ÝnaL«§fnse ]cnØXn ]p\xØm]\¯n\v ap³KW\ \ÂIWw. tXm«§fnse Xcnip`qanIfnepw ImÀjnI h\h¡cW coXnIÄ \S¸m¡Ww. IÀjIsc i{Xp]£¯m¡ns¡mWvSpÅ ]cnØnXn kwc£W \S]SnIÄ hn]coX ^ew am{Xta krjvSn¡q F¶v Xncn¨dnªpsImWvSpthWw Cu taJebnse hnhn[ ]²XnIÄ \S¸m¡m³.



Irjnbn Hcp AÀ[iXIw t\m«u«v

I¶pImen hfÀ¯Â Irjnbmhiy¯n\pÅ NmWIw e`n¡p¶Xn\pÅ Hcp D]m[n am{Xambncp¶ Imew apX ]m Hcp hnev]\ hkvXphmb Ime¯neqsS IS¶v Irjnþ£octaJe Hcp sXmgn amÀKambn amdnb ImeL«¯nse¯n\n¡pIbmWv, sImÃw PnÃbnse imkvXmwtIm« I¶ntaÂIpf§c `mkvIc³]nÅ...
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\½psS kz´w IpSpw_Irjn

CuhÀjw A´mcmjv{SXe¯n IpSpw_IrjnhÀjambn BNcn¡pIbmWtÃm? tIcfobsc kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfw IpSpw_Irjn F¶Xv ]pXnb H¶Ã. adn¨v ]gbcoXnbnte¡pÅ Xncn¨pt]m¡v am{Xambn«p thWw a\knem¡m³. ImcWw IpSpw_Irjn...
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UÂlnbn Irjnkar²nbpambn tXmakv amjv

UÂlnbnse ho«n ImÀjnI kar²nbpsS HmWambncp¶p ap³ tI{µ `£ya{´n {]^. sI.hn tXmakn\v. XeØm\s¯ Ct±l¯nsâ kÀ¡mÀ hkXnbpsS ]d¼n \ndsb Ipe¨p\n¡p¶ hmgIÄ ImtWWvSXpXs¶.
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tImfm¼n¸q¡fn ChÄ kpµcn

hfÀ¯m³ XmcXtay\ Ffp¸w; {ZpXhfÀ¨, GXv `qhn`mK¯n\pw \nd§fpsS tafw \ÂIpw. AÃam³U kv]ojoknÂs]« DZym\kky§fpsS s]mXpapJap{ZIfmWnXv. AXpsImWvSpXs¶ DjvWtaJem {]tZi§fnse DZym\§fnseÃmw Ch Gsd {]Nmchpw t\Sn.
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]bdnse IoStcmK§Ä

]bÀ IrjnsN¿p¶hcpsS Hcp {][m\ {]iv\amWv apª/ ]bÀt]³. ]bdnsâ CfwXWvSpIfnepw ]qhnepw sR«nepw Imbnepw Iq«wIq«ambn ]än¸nSn¨ncp¶v \ocqän¡pSn¡pIbmWv Ch sN¿p¶Xv. ]bÀsNSnIfn Idp¯\nd¯n ]än¸nSn¨ncn¡p¶ Cu IoS§Ä Ipdª ImewsImWvSv
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ImÀjnItaJebpsS hfÀ¨bv¡v b{´hXvIcWw

ImtemNnXamb ImÀjnI {]hÀ¯\§Ä \S¸nem¡m³ ImÀjnItaJebn b{´hXvIcWw klmbIamWv. Afhns\m¯ coXnbn hn¯v, hfw, PetkN\w F¶nh IrjnbnS¯n {]tbmKn¡m³ CXv kmlNcyw Hcp¡p¶p. DXv]mZ\¯n kw`hn¡p¶ hÀ[\.....
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AÀ¡ B` tIcf¯n\p tbmPn¨ X¡mfnbn\w

tIcf¯nse ho«phf¸nse ]¨¡dnIrjnbn Hcp {][m\ Øm\w hgpX\hÀK ]¨¡dnbmb X¡mfn¡pWvSv. hnäman³ F,kn, t^mfnIv BknUv F¶nhbm kar²amb X¡mfnbn [mcmfw t]mjI§fpw Bân HmIvknUâpIfpw AS§nbncn¡p¶p. hfsc Ipdª Itemdn aqeyapÅ....
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Hcp NphSv I¸ 138 Intem, tN\ 100 Intem

iymansâ tNmZyw \ymbamWv. F´n\v H¯ncn Øe¯v C¯ncnbpWvSmIp¶h IrjnsNbvXv kabw ]mgm¡Ww. C¯ncn Øe¯v H¯ncnbpWvSmhp¶hbtà em`w. iymansâ IrjnbnSw Xs¶bmWv CXn\pÅamXrI. ctWvS¡À Øe¯mWv iymw Ing§p hÀK§Ä IrjnsN¿p¶Xv.
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KncnPbv¡p {]kmZambn kvt\l¡q¬

kz´ambn Hcp hcpam\w GsXmcp ho«½bpsSbpw kz]v\amWv. aXnbmb XmXv]cyhpw Bhiy¯n\v A[zm\hpw H¶n¨ptNÀ¯m ho«nencp¶p Xs¶ Cu kz]v\w km£mXvIcn¡m³ Ignbpw. AXnsâ D¯tamZmlcWamWv Irjnbn "lbÀ t{KUv' ]co£ ]mkmb....
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]¸mb Xn¶q, Irjn sN¿q, t\Sp amk¯n Hcpe£w cq] !

s]mÅm¨n: \mte¡À tXm«aptWvSm? BgvNbn 25,000 cq] k¼mZn¡tWm, amk¯n AXv Hcp e£amIpw. Nnet¸mÄ AXne[nIhpw. hnizmkansæn s]mÅm¨nbnte¡p hcq.
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Ipd¨p `qanbnse anI¨ ^e§Ä

]eXpÅn s]cpshÅw F¶ ]gs©mÃv A\zÀ Yam¡p¶XmWv sImÃw PnÃbnse apgt§mSn A\kv a³knen kp\nbpsS Irjnt¯m«w. henbXpI apS¡n em`w sIm¿p¶Xp am{Xaà IrjnbnS¯nse hnPbsa¶p kz´w PohnX A\p`h¯neqsS sXfnbn¨ncn¡pIbmWv A[zm\ioebmb kp\n.
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Imen¯oä InSmhn\v lm\nIcw

k¦cbn\§fnÂs¸« InSm§fpsS hfÀ¨¡pdhpw Dt·janÃmbvabpw an¡ £ocIÀjIcpw km[mcW t\cnSp¶ {]iv\amWtÃm. BZys¯ Ht¶m ctWvSm amk§fn \à hfÀ¨bpw DuÀÖkzeXbpw ImWn¨ncp¶ InSm§Ä aqt¶m \mtem amkw Ignbp¶tXmsS icocw timjn¡pIbpw,
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amämw PmXnbpsS apSns¡«v

GXm\pw hÀj§fmbn anI¨ hne e`n¡p¶ kpKÔhyRvP\§fmWv PmXn¡bpw PmXn]{Xnbpw. AXpsImWvSp Xs¶ PmXn¡rjn C¶v hnIk\¯nsâ ]mXbnemWv. asäÃmIrjnIfn \n¶p Cu hnfsb hyXykvXam¡nbncn¡p¶Xv Imcyamb tcmK§fpw IoS§fpw PmXnacs¯ B{Ian¡p¶nÃ
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hnjwIecm¯ hnPba{´ambn tPmtPmbpsS IrjnbnSw

hnjw Iecm¯ ]¨¡dnIfpw ^e§fpw hnfbn¨pw ]md¡pf¯n ao³ hfÀ¯nbpw tIcf¯nse IÀjIÀ¡p amXrIbmIpIbmWp tIm«bw PnÃbnse apWvS¡bw ]d¯m\w hSt¡XISntb tPmtPmþknanen Z¼XnIÄ. kvIqÄ ]T\ImeL«w apXÂt¡ tPmtPmbv¡p Irjnbn XmXv ]cyw DWvSmbncp¶p.
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]pfn¸n¨ ]m DXv]¶§Ä BtcmKy¯n\pw aqeyhÀ[\hn\pw

]mensâ t]mjIaqeys¯¡pdn¨v Gsd¡psd FÃmhcpw C¶v t_m[hm·mcmWv. ]men AS§nbncn¡p¶ emIvtSmkv F¶ ]©kmcsb Hcp Iq«w kq£vamWp¡Ä (emIvänIv BknUv _mIväocnb) hnLSn¸n¨v AXns\ emIvSnIv BknUv Bbn amäpt¼mgmWv \ap¡v ]pfn¸n¨
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kzÀKhmXn ]£nIÄ

ta\nbn \ndbp¶ hÀ®¡q«pIfpw, \ndw Xn§nb ]«ptNet]mse hmepIfpambn XriqÀ IWnawKew kztZin A\n X¼nbpsS ho«papä¯n\v s^kâpIÄ \ÂIp¶Xv A`ua kuµcyamWv. kp\man t]msebpÅ {]IrXnt£m`§Ä ap³Iq«n Xncn¨dnbm\pÅ Ignhpaqew ssZh¯nsâ kz´w ]£n IfmbmWnh
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sN¯n DZym\¯nse Xo\mfw

DZym\¯n Xo\mfw t]mse tim`n¡p¶ Nph¶ sN¯n¸q¡Ä Xo£vWkuµcy¯nsâ DZm¯amXrIbmWv. sN¯n¸qhn\v sXän F¶pw t]cpWvSv. kpµc ]pjv]§fpsS DdhnSamWv Cu Ipäns¨Sn. Nph¶ ]q¡fpWvSmIp¶ sN¯nbmWv km[mcWsa¦nepw Cfw Nph¸v, ISpwNph¸v,
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{iocmaN{µaThpw temI tKmkt½f\hpw

IÀWmSIbnse jntamK PnÃbn slmk\Kdn\Sp¯v ImcWKncnbn 1200 hÀj§Ä¡pap¼v BZni¦c\m Øm]nXamb {iocmaN{µ]pc aTw "ImaZpK' Fs¶mcp \ho\ ]²Xn \S¸nem¡ns¡mWvSncn¡pIbmWv. {InbmßIamb {]hÀ¯\§fneqsSbpw t_m[hXvIcW¯neqsSbpw
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Hcp B{^n¡³ Irjn KmY

IrjnhnIk\hpambn _Ôs¸«v B{^n¡³ cmPy§fnsem¶mb NmUv (CHAD )  \n¶v Hm^À h¶t¸mÄ, BZyw H¶p`b¶p, {Xo{hhmZhpw, kwL«\§fpw \nc´cw th«bmSp¶ Hcp cmPyw F¶Xmbncp¶p Fsâ Adnhv. CXpambn _Ôs¸«v ]etcmSpw At\zjWw ...
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a[pcw hnfbpw ho«phf¸pIÄ

a[pc¯nsâ sam¯¡¨hS¡mÀ F¶v \mw kvt\lt¯msS ]g§sf hnfn¡mdpWvSv. ]g§Ä t]mjI§fpsS aWns¨¸pIfmWv. BtcmKyZmbIamb hn`h§fpsS Iehd. kzmZn\p ]pdta BtcmKyw, Bbpkv, _p²niàn F¶nhbvs¡Ãmw ]g§Ä A\nhmcyamWv.
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eoUvkv ]²XnbneqsS hnPbhpambn Nnäqcnse bphIÀjI³

]me¡mSv PnÃbnse Irjn{][m\amsbmcp ØeamWv NnäqÀ. ChnsS s]m ¸pÅn Irjn`hsâ ]cn[nbn hcp¶ bphIÀjI\mWv {]`p. Xsâ _ncpZ ]T\¯n\ptijw ]qÀWambpw Irjnbnte¡v ImseSp¯phbv¡pIbmbncp¶p Cu bphIÀjI³.
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t]mfnlukvIrjn: XSw Xbmdm¡ensâ {]m[m\yw

t]mfnlukv Irjnbn A´co£¯nsâ {]m[m\ys¯ ¡pdn¨v ap³e¡¯n kqNn¸n¨ncp¶p. AXpt]mseXs¶ hfsc {]m[m\yaÀln¡p¶p XSsamcp¡Â. sNSnbpsS Icp¯pähfÀ¨bv¡pw IqSpX DXv]mZ\¯n\pw XSsamcp¡ens\¡pdn¨pw a®ns\ ¡pdn¨pw AdntbWvSXv BhiywXs¶bmWv.
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Ir{Xna amwkhpw CXm Cs§¯nt¸mbn

Ct¶¡v 82 hÀjw ap³]v 1932  hn³Ì³ NÀ¨n FgpXn, A³]XphÀj§Ä¡¸pdw tImgnbpsS s\t©m, Imtem, Ign¡p¶Xn\p thWvSn Hcp apgph³ tImgnsbbpw hfÀ¯pIsb¶ Akw_Ô¯n \n¶pw \mw c£s¸Spw; Hmtcm¶ns\bpw Ir{Xnaambn hÀ[\m am[ya§Ä
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N¡hn¹h¯n\mbn HäbmÄt]mcm«w

BÀ¡pw thWvSmsX ]mgmbn t]mIp¶ N¡bv¡v anI¨ hn]Wn t\SnsbSp¡m³ Ignª ]Xn\©p hÀjambn {ian¨ IÀjI\mWv ]me¡mSv Imªnc¸pg Ccp¼It¨me kztZin ]mebv¡m¯d¸n sPbnwkv ]n. amXyp. ss]XrIambn e`n¨ Irjn`qanbn \nch[n ¹mhpIfpWvSmbncp¶ Ct±lw AXv IÀjI\v F{]Imc
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Ae¦mc {]mhpIÄ: hnt\mZt¯msSm¸w BZmbhpw

kvIqÄ ]T\Imes¯ IuXpIambncp¶p PbvkWv {]mhpIÄ. ]T\w H³]Xmw ¢mkn Ahkm\n¨t¸mgpw a\kn sâ ]pkvXI¯n {]mhpIÄ IqSpIq«nbncp¶p. GXm\pw \mS³ {]mhpIfpambn«mbncp¶p XpS¡w. ]n¶oSv hntZibn\w Ae¦mc{]mhpIÄ hn]Wnbnse Xmc§fmbt¸mÄ ap´nb C\§fnte¡v NphSpamäw.
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sNdn H¶v, `mhw aq¶v

t]cv ItcmWvS sNdnþASp¸apÅhÀ t_¡dn sNdn F¶p hnfn¡pw... CfwImbvIÄ¡v ]pfnbpw NhÀ¸pw DsWvS¦nepw hnfªm kwkvIcns¨Sp¯v a[pcXcamb sNdn¸gam¡mw. \nXylcnXkz`mhhpw ]¨ne¯g¸pw inJc§Ä \ndsb Cfw Npht¸m ]nt¦m \ndapÅ ImbvIfpambn \n¡pt¼mÄ....
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]mÂs¸cpabnse Hcp hS¡³ hocKmY

sabv¡cp¯nsâ C´y³ {]Xncq]§fmWv ]©m_pw lcnbm\bpw. `£W{]nb¯n\p t]ÀsImWvS \mSpIÄ. Xn¶p¶Xns\m¸w C´y¡msc Xoänt¸mäp¶Xnepw ap³]´nbnemWv cmPy¯nsâ `£y Iehdsb¶dnbs¸Sp¶ Cu hS¡³ kbmaokv kwØm\§Ä.
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a[pc KÔhpambn at\mcRvPn\n

a\pjya\kns\ cRvPn¸n¡p¶Xv F¶ AÀ°¯n A\zÀ°amb t]cv In«nb Hcp kpKÔ kpµc]pjv]w, AXmWv at\mcRvPn\n. at\mcRvPnXw F¶pw t]cpWvSv. kwkvIrX¯n lcNw], lcNw]I. khntijamb a[pcKÔamWv at\mcRvPn\nbpsS apJap{Z.
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N¡bneqsS `£yhn¹h¯nte¡v

]me¡mSv PnÃbpsS kmaqlytaJebn ap¸¯nbmdp hÀjambn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ ]o¸nÄkv kÀhokv skmsskän ]me¡mSv (]nFkvFkv]n) \qX\ Bib§fpw {]hÀ¯\ssienbpwsImWvSp X\Xv ap{Z]Xn¸n¨ k¶² kwLS\bmWv. 2012þse N¡ hnfshSp¸papX kwkvIcW¯neqsS D]t`mKw hÀ[n¸n¡p¶Xn\pw....
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ImemhØ amdp¶p, C\n ss¢aäv kvamÀ«v Irjn

Ignª A©p hÀj¯n\p tijw cmPyw hoWvSpw asämcp hcĨbnte¡v {]thin¡pIbmWv. Pqsse ]IpXn hsc In«nb a¬kq¬ agbpsS Afhv 43 iXam\t¯mfw IpdhmWv. ]k^nIv kap{Z¯nsâ D]cnXew XpSÀ¨bmbn NqSmIp¶XpsImWvSpWvSmIp¶ F \nt\m {]Xn`mkw....
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