Home  |  Editorial  |  Leader Page Article  |  Local News  |  Kerala  |  National  |  International  |  Business  |  Sports  |  Obituary  |  NRI News  |  Big Screen
Special Page
D¶X§fnse alXzw
 


sP.sI. ^vtfmdnU


P\n¨ \mSv {]hmknIÄs¡¶pw kpJapÅ HmtcmÀabmWv. hoWvSpw hs¶¯pwhsc s\t©mSp tNÀ¯p Im¯p kq£n¡p¶ Hcp IcpX [\w. F¶m KrlmXpcXtbmsS \m«nse¯p¶ hntZi aebmfnt]mepw Ipd¨pZnhkw \m«n X§n¡gnbpt¼mÄ ]eXnt\¸änbpw AkzØX {]ISn¸n¨p XpS§p¶p. F´mWnXn\p ImcWw? F§s\bmWp tIcfw hftcWvSXv? XzcnXKXnbn hfÀ¨bpsS ]mXbneqsS \o§p¶ tIcf¯nse kmlNcy§fpsS t\sc Hcp I®mSn \o«n¸nSn¡pIbpw hnIknX temIs¯ Npäp]mSpIsf AXneqsS {]Xn^en¸n¡pIbpw sN¿p¶ Hcp ssZzhmc ]àn Bcw`n¡p¶p. \m«nse A\p`h§sf AIsebncp¶p IWvSv A]{KYn¡m\pw hnIknX cmPy§fnse ]cntXmhØItfmSp Xpe\w sNbvXp hnebncp¯m\pamIpw Atacn¡bn ZoÀLImeambn hkn¡p¶ teJI³ Cu ]wànbn {ian¡pI.

k¼qÀW km£cX t\Snb tIcfobÀ¡p amen\ykwkvIcW t_m[anÃm¯Xv F´psImWvSmsW¶v ASp¯Ime¯p kp{]ow tImSXn tNmZn¨t¸mÄ NnecXp ]cnlmkambn IWvSp s\änNpfn¨p. aäp NneÀ hnaÀi\ambn IcpXn AkzØX Im«n. kÀ¡mcmIs«, hmNmeamb au\w ]peÀ¯p¶p.

aebmfnIÄ h¨p]peÀ¯p¶ sshcp[y§Ä¡p t\tc tImSXnIÄ CXn\p ap¼pw aqÀ¨bpÅ Nm«pfnIÄ {]tbmKn¨n«pWvSv. ]t£, AXpsImsWvSm¶pw \½psS a\xkm£nbntem kmaqlnIt_m[¯ntem sXÃpt]mepw t]md Gän«nÃ. AhsbÃmw \aps¡t¸mgpw aämcpsStbm IpäwsImWvSp kw`hn¨XmWv.

tImSXnIfpsS A¯cw ]cmaÀi\§Äs¡Xntc `ojWn apg¡nbhcpWvSv. sXcphn Cd§nbhcpWvSv. adphn[n tXSn \nbat`ZKXn sImWvSph¶hcpWvSv. `cn¡p¶hcpw {]Xn]£¯ncn¡p¶hcpsaÃmw AXnÂs¸Spw. F¶mÂ, Cu \S]SnIsfÃmw tIcf P\XtbmSpXs¶bpÅ shÃphnfnbmsW¶p \½Ä a\knem¡p¶nÃ. F¶p am{XaÃ, tImSXnbpsS ]cmaÀi§Ä¡\pkrXambn kmaqly a\xkm£n¡p ]cnhÀ¯\apWvSm¡m³ e`n¨ Ahkcw \ãam¡pIbpw sNbvXp.

\½psS ]Ým¯ew CXmbXpsImWvSp k¼qÀW km£cX t\Snb, DbÀ¶ kmaqly kmlNcy§fpÅ aebmfnIÄ \m«nepw adp\m«nepsaÃmw kmwkvImcnI Hu¶XyanÃmsX s]cpamdp¶Xp ImWpt¼mÄ AZv`pXw tXm¶mdnÃ. ]t£, C´ybnse asäÃm P\XsbbpwImÄ sa¨amb kmwkvImcnI \nehmc¯n s]cpamdm³ km[n¡p¶ aebmfnIÄ Ft´ hnZym`ymk \nehmc¯n\v B\p]mXnIamb am\knI Hu¶Xyw t\Snbnà F¶p eÖtbmsS Nn´n¨pt]mIpw.

k¼qÀW km£cXtbmsSm¸w e`nt¡WvSnbncp¶ kmwkvImcnI {]_p²X \½psS DuXns¸cp¸n¨ shdpw kzbw`mh¯nsemXp§p¶p F¶XmWp kXyw. CÃm¯Xv Fs´ms¡tbm BWp \mw Fs¶mcp hyÀYm`nam\ Nn´ aebmfnIÄ h¨p]peÀ¯p¶pWvSv F¶p ]dbmsX h¿. A¯cw apJ]S§fmWv C¯cw tImSXn ]cmaÀi§fneqsS No´nsbdnbs¸Sp¶Xv. ]t£, \maXp k½Xn¨psImSp¡nsöp am{Xw.

kmwkvImcnI Hu¶Xyw

hyànbpsS alXzw am\n¡p¶ a\xkm£nbmWp kmwkvImcnI Hu¶Xy¯nsâ AfhptIm F¶p kmaqlyimkv{XÚÀ NqWvSn¡m«p¶p. a\pjyalXzw AwKoIcn¡p¶ ho£WanÃm¯ hyànIÄ kaql¯nse Hcp hyhØnXnsbbpw AwKoIcn¡nÃ, _lpam\n¡nÃ. kmaqly hyhØnXnIfpsSsbÃmw XIÀ¨bmIpw Ahcm{Kln¡pI. AXn\p Ifsamcp¡p¶ hn[amIpw AhÀ {]hÀ¯n¡pI. A¯cw {]Xybimkv{X¡mcpsS at\m`mh¯nte¡p icmicn aebmfn hgpXnhoWncn¡pIbtà F¶p \½psS Nne kao]\§sf hnebncp¯pt¼mÄ kwibw tXm¶pI kzm`mhnIamWv.

]mÀ«ntImSXnIÄ, kZmNmc t]meokpImÀ, Izt«j³ KpWvSmkwL§Ä, hnhn[ am^nbIÄ Chsbms¡bpw ta¸dª at\m`mh¯nsâ krãnIfpw \m«n Xes]m¡p¶ AcmPIXz¯nsâ \nZÀi\§fpamWv. \nba]me\w Imcy£aaÃmXmIpt¼mÄ kam´c kwhn[m\w DSseSp¡p¶p. Hmtcmcp¯cpw kzbw \nÝbn¡p¶XmWp \nbaw F¶ ØnXnhntijamWv AcmPIXz¯nsâ apJye£Ww. \qämWvSpIfneqsS a\pjyÀ BÀPn¡p¶ kmwkvImcnI Hu¶Xy¯nÂ\n¶p {]mIrX \nbahyhØnXnbnte¡pÅ Xncn¨pt]mIemWXv. A§s\ kw`hn¡msX kq£n¡m³ NpaXes¸«hÀ Aew`mhw Im«pt¼mÄ \ap¡p \ãamIp¶Xp kwkvIrXnXs¶bmWv.

kmlknIXIÄ

Ignª GXm\pw BgvNIfn kw`hn¨ aq¶p kw`h§Ä Cu at\m`mh¯n\p t\À¡p \o«n¸nSn¡mhp¶ ZÀ¸W§fmWv. H¶mat¯Xv, Hcp bph aebmf \Ssâ kmlknIX. a{´namÀ FkvtImÀ«pw sskd\pw Nph¸psseäpsams¡bmbn ]mªpt]mtb aXnbmhq Fs¶mcp \nbaw \½psS \m«n enJnXam¡nbn«pWvSv. tdmUpIÄ k©mctbmKyam¡nbm {Sm^nIv \nba§Ä ]men¨pXs¶ thK¯n P\{]Xn\n[nIÄ¡pw t]mImw F¶ kmam\yXXzw AhKWn¨v [mÀãy]qÀhw ]mbp¶hcpsS ap¶n P\§fn¶p \nklmbcmWtÃm.

FÃm ssaXm\{]kwK§fnepw P\{]Xn\n[nIÄ ]pÑt¯msS ]cmaÀin¡p¶ ^yqUenÌv hyhØnXn A\phÀ¯n¡pIbtà C¯cw ]mªpt]mIepIfneqsS AhÀ sN¿p¶sX¶v Bcpw tNmZn¡p¶nÃ. sXcsªSp¡s¸Sp¶hÀ sXcsªSp¡p¶hcpsS bPam\·mcmIpsa¶ anYym[mcWbmWv Cu hnsF]nIÄ ]peÀ¯pI. FÃm hnsF]n Imw£nIfpw A§s\bmIWsa¶ Nn´bn sNdp\S·mcpw h³ \S·mcpsaÃmw \nbaw ssIbnseSp¡p¶Xnsâ DZmlcWamWv bph \Ssâ kmlknIamb ImÀ sNbvknwKv. AXv Cf\ocp sImSp¯p _lpam\n¨phntSWvS hocIrXysam¶paÃ.

ÌWvSv amÌÀ

h\]meIcpsS IrXy\nÀhlW ]cntim[\tbmSp klIcn¡m³ ssha\kyw Im«nb asämcp XmcamWp NÀ¨mhnjbamb cWvSmas¯ DZmlcWw. DtZymKØcpsS [mÀãyw tIcf¯n ]pXpabÃtÃm. t]meokmbmepw FIvsskkmbmepw t^mdÌv DtZymKØcmbmepw ]cntim[\bvs¡¯pt¼mÄ ]peÀ¯p¶ kao]\hpw D]tbmKn¡p¶ `mjbpw Nnet¸msg¦nepw kmwkvImcnI \nehmcanÃmbva hnfnt¨mXp¶XmWv. \Ssâ `mK¯p\n¶v hnsF]n NaªpÅ sNdp¯p\nev]pWvSmbn«psWvS¦n DtZymKØcpw ]cn[nhn«ncn¡m\nSbpWvSv. A§s\bmWtÃm CcpIq«cpw ]ckv]cw Btcm]n¡p¶Xv.

ChnsSbpw {]iv\w hnsF]n tImw¹Ivkv Xs¶. hnsF]n Bbm XSªp\nÀ¯m³ ]mSnÃ, ]cntim[\ ]mSnÃ, \S]SnsbSp¡m³ ]mSnÃ. \nba\S]SnsbSp¡m³ Xp\nªm \nbaw ssIbnseSp¡pw. FwFÂFbpsS Imdn\p ssIImWn¡m³ \obmcSm F¶ UbtemKv \mamcpw hnkvacn¨n«nÃtÃm.

s\Sp¼mticn dnbmenän

s\Sp¼mticn hnam\¯mhf¯n hyXykvXamsbmcp dnbmenän tjm ssehmbn AhXcn¸n¨ hnsF]nbpw AtX at\m`mh¯nsâ {]Xncq]wXs¶. tIcf¯nepw aebmfnIfpÅ CS§fnepw Adnbs¸Sp¶bmÄ IyqhnÂ\n¶p _p²nap«pIsb¶Xv ANn´yatÃ! ssI¡pªp§fpw [mcmfw etKPpambn AXnZqsc\n¶p bm{XsNbvXp h¶ncn¡p¶scsbms¡ ]n´Ån ap³\ncbnte¡p Xs¶ B\bn¨p sImWvSpt]mtIWvSXtà F¶p Nn´n¨pt]mIpI kzm`mhnIw. F¶mÂ, kzbaXp {]mhÀ¯nIam¡m³ {ian¡pt¼mgmWp {]iv\w.

{]kn²n t\Spt¼mÄ {]tXyI ]cnKW\ AhImis¸«XmsW¶ t_m[w \½psSbnSbn ]cs¡bpÅXmWv. D¶Xcmbn¯ocpt¼mÄ Nnecn t\ct¯bpWvSmbncp¶ kulrZ`mhwt]mepw \ãamIp¶Xp IWvSn«pWvSv. XpSÀ¶v FhnsSbpw ap³KW\ thWsa¶ A[oiNn´bntes¡¯pIbmbn. \nbaewL\w tNmZywsN¿p¶ \nba]meIsc Øew amäm\pw XcwXmgv¯m\psams¡ \½psS hnsF]nIÄ¡p \nanj§Ä aXn.

D¶X§fn XpS§mw

apIfn ]cmaÀin¨ aq¶v DZmlcW§fpw {]kn²cmbhcpsS A{X tim`\aÃm¯ Nn{X§fmWv F¶Xpt]mseXs¶, \½psS kmaqlyimkv{X¯n ]SÀ¶p]nSn¨ncn¡p¶ tcmK¯nsâ e£WwIqsSbmWv. hnIknX kaqlamIm³ sImXn¡p¶ \½psS cmPys¯ Gähpw km£ccmb P\§sf¦nepw kmwkvImcnI Hu¶Xyw {]ISn¸n¡p¶ P\XIsf amXrIbmt¡WvSXtÃ? ]cnjvIrX cmPy§fn P\{]Xn\n[nIfmcpw FkvtImÀ«pw K¬am\pw klnXw FÃm tdmUv \nba§fpw ewLn¨v Nph¶ sseän«p ]mªpt]mImdnÃ. Bcmbmepw FhnsSbmbmepw IyqhnÂ\nt¶ aXnbmIq, FÃm ]cntim[\IÄ¡pw hnt[bcmtb ]äq. hnbäv\mw, It¼mUnb t]mepÅ sNdp cmjv{S§fnÂt¸mepw a\pjyÀ {]ISn¸n¡p¶ hyàn_lpam\w \ap¡mhnsöptWvSm.

shdpw BNmcacymZbpsS `mKsa¶Xnt\¡mÄ P\XbpsS kwkvImc¯nsâ `mKwXs¶bmWv AhÀ¡p a\pjyalXzsa¶ aqeyt_m[w. sNdp¸¯n¯s¶ AXp a\kn cqVaqeamIp¶Xnsâ {]Xn^e\amWp acymZ]qÀhamb s]cpamäw. aäp hyànIsf BZcn¡m\pw A\ysâ AhImi§Ä A\phZn¨psImSp¡m\pw Ignbp¶ kmwkvImcnI H¶Xyw D¶X§fnÂ\n¶mWp XpSt§WvSXv.



"]pgIÄ, aeIÄ, ]qh\§Ä...'


h
bemÀ cmahÀabpsS {]kn²amb Cu Ne¨n{XKm\iIe¯neqsS A\mhrXamIp¶Xp tIcf¯nsâ {]IrXn`wKnbmWv. aeIfpw Xmgvhmc§fpw ]pgIfpw ImbepIfpw IS¯ochpsaÃmw H¯ptNÀ¶v A\pKrloXamb tIcfs¯ imZzeat\mlcam¡p¶Xv ChnSs¯ Pekar²nXs¶bmWv. th\¡me¯v PeZuÀe`y¯nsâ ISp¯ ]co£Ww t\cnSpt¼mgpw ag¡me¯p hÀjtaL§Ä sImWvSphcp¶ I\¯, a¬kq¬ agbpsS Cc¼Â aebmfnbpsS ImXpIfn s\mÌmÄPnIv hnImcXcwKapWÀ¯pw.

aeIfneqsS NmepIodnsbmgpIn ssIt¯mSpIfpw ]pgIfpambn hfÀ¶p Ip¯nsbmen¨v FÃmw Hcp kz]v\wIWvSpWcp¶ thK¯n ISenÂs¨¶p ]Xn¨pXoÀ¶pt]mbtÃm F¶ \ãt_m[hpw Nn´n¡p¶ aebmfn¡v DWvSmImXncn¡nÃ. {]IrXn ssIbb¨pX¶sXÃmw shdpsX Hgp¡n¡fªn«p th\¡me¯p Ip¸nshůnsâ hnes¸cp¸hpw Sm¦dpIfnepw PmdpIfnepw hnXcWw sN¿p¶ aen\Pe¯nse tImfnt^mw Afhpw IW¡pIq«n hne]n¡p¶ aebmfnbpsS KXnbpw KXntISpw D¯chmZnXzanÃm¯ kÀ¡mcpIfpsS ]nSn¸ptISnsâ krãnbmsW¶p ]dbmsXh¿.

tIcf¯n\p hcZm\ambn {]IrXn I\nªp\evIp¶ Pekar²n hoWvSphnNmcanÃmsX \mw Hgp¡n¡fbpt¼mÄ Zcn{ZamIp¶Xp tIcfw Xs¶bmWv. hÀjImes¯ Pek¼¯p hnIknXcmPy§fn sN¿p¶Xpt]mse `qKÀ`PehnXm\w kpØncambn \ne\nÀ¯m\pw Pemib§Ä aen\amIp¶Xv Hgnhm¡m\pw ]cym]vXambhn[¯n Pekw`cWnIfnte¡v DuÀ¶nd§m³ A\phZn¨ncps¶¦ntem? Atacn¡bn ^vtfmdnUbnepw aäpw sN¿p¶Xpt]mse, \nÀan¡p¶ sI«nS§fpsSbpw ]mÀ¡nwKv Øe§fpsSbpw tdmUpIfpsSbpsams¡ hnkvXrXn¡v B\p]mXnIambn AhnsS\ns¶mgpIp¶ Pew kw`cn¡m³ kao]¯p Pemib§Ä \nÀan¡Wsa¶ \njvIÀj DWvSmImsX \ap¡nt¸mÄ kw`hn¡p¶ Pe\ãw Hgnhm¡m\mhnÃ. tIcf¯nse ]pgIÄ \nI¶pXocpwhn[w sNfnbpw a®pw amen\y§fpw AhntS¡p Ip¯nsbmgpInsb¯p¶Xp ]cnanXs¸Sp¯m\pw C§s\tb km[n¡q.

KmUvKn dnt¸mÀ«pw IkvXqcncwK³ \evInb Xncp¯Â dnt¸mÀ«psams¡ NÀ¨sNbvXp am[ya§Ä aSp¡psa¶pw s]mXpP\w FÃmw ad¡psa¶pw Bizkn¡p¶ kÀ¡mÀ hIp¸pIfmWp \ap¡pÅsX¦n {]IrXn kwc£W¯nt\m Pekpc£bvt¡mthWvSn Imcyamb kw`mh\sbm¶pw AhcpsS `mK¯p\n¶p {]Xo£nt¡WvSXnÃ. {]IrXnhn`h§Ä kwc£n¡p¶tXmsSm¸w, {]IrXn a\pjy\p Pohn¡m\pÅXmsW¶ ho£W¯nÂ, hnIk\hntcm[nIfmImsX k´penXamb imkv{Xobho£Ww ]peÀ¯pIbmWmhiyw. IkvXqcncwK³ dnt¸mÀ«nsâ ASnØm\¯nepÅ \n_Ô\IfmWp tI{µþh\þ]cnØnXn a{´mebw A´naambn \S¸m¡m³ t]mIp¶sX¦nÂ, AX\pkcn¨pÅ hnIk\cq]tcJ \nÀan¡m³thWvS {]mtbmKnI_p²n ]peÀ¯ntb]äq. hne]n¨pw Bt{Imin¨pw F{X\mÄ Ignbm\mhpw? A¯c¯n FÃm ]²XnIfpw A¼XphÀjw sshIn¡p¶ ]mc¼cyamWtÃm \ap¡pÅXv.

GhÀ¡pw Xr]vXnIcambXà F¦n¡qSn IkvXqcncwK³ dnt¸mÀ«v ]peÀ¯p¶ {]mtbmKnI kao]\w AhKWn¡m\mhnÃ. ]cnØnXn ZpÀ_e{]tZi§fpw P\hmktI{µ§fpw thÀXncn¨pImWp¶Xv, Zo]nI NqWvSn¡m«nbXpt]mse, AXnsâ am\pjnIapJamWv. arK§Ä¡pw a\pjyÀ¡pw {]mIrXmhØbn hkn¡m\pÅ CSw am{Xambn {]IrXnsb ImWp¶ hymP]cnØnXn hmZnIsfbpw (AhÀ Pohn¡p¶Xv GXp ac¯nemWmthm!) `qanbnepÅsXÃmw Xpc¶phnäv F§s\bpw ]WapWvSm¡Wsa¶ AXymÀ¯n]qWvS A`n\h ssjtem¡pamscbpw amän\nÀ¯n Nn´n¡pIbmWp thWvSXv. ]cnØnXn ZpÀ_e{]tZiambn thÀXncn¨n«pÅ CSp¡n PnÃbnse Gähpw BZys¯ IpSntbä taJebmb D¸pXdbnÂt]mepw tdmUp\nÀamWapÄs¸sS Hcp hnIk\{]hÀ¯\hpw \S¯n¡qSm F¶p ]dbp¶Xpw AhnSs¯ aeIsfÃmw _pÄtUmkÀ D]tbmKn¨p Xpc¶v, ]mdbpw a®pw hnäv ]mS§Ä \nI¯n Ic`qanbm¡n hnev¡msa¶p Nn´n¡p¶Xpw Hcpt]mse hnthIiq\yamWv, {]IrXn\ncmkamWv.

\nÀ`mKyhimÂ, tIcfw C¶\p`hn¡p¶ Zpc\p`h§fnsem¶v bmsXmcp \nba\njvIÀjbpanÃmsX {]IrXnhn`h§Ä NqjWw sN¿p¶XmWv. ]mSw\nI¯ensâ \ymbm\ymb§sf¸än Nn´n¡pt¼mÄ kÀ¡mcnsât]mepw ]cnKW\bn hcp¶Xv Ignª ]¯phÀjambn AhnsS Irjnbnd¡nbncpt¶m F¶Xp am{XamWv. AÃmsX, `qKÀ`PehnXm\w \ne\nÀ¯m³ klmbIamb NXp¸p\ne§fmtWm Ah F¶XÃ. Fs´mcp hnIeamb ho£Ww!

tIcf¯nse aeIfpw Ip¶pIfpsaÃmw sh«n\nc¯n B a®p]tbmKn¨p ]mS§fpw NXp¸p\ne§fpsaÃmw \nI¯n Xangv\mSpt]mse ]c¶ Irjn`qanbm¡n krãn¡p¶ hnIk\w XIÀ¨bptSXmWv. At¸mĸns¶, agbpsS Cc¼Â A[nIw tIÄt¡WvSnhcnÃ, IpSnshÅw e`n¡m³ kap{ZPew ip²oIcn¡p¶ ]pXnb _nkn\kv XpS§mw, FbÀ IWvSojWdpIÄ FÃm hoSpIfnepw Øm]\§fnepw [mcmfambn IWIvSp sN¿mw, AXn\v IdâpWvSm¡m³ ImämSnb{´§Ä Øm]n¡mw. Ip¸nshÅ _nkn\kv Ipimem¡mw, AXn\pthWvSn knbmÂtamU F¶ s]m§¨w ]dªv Iptdt¸À¡pIqSn Øm\§Ä \evIm³ kÀ¡mÀ Øm]\apWvSm¡mw. NnecpsS am{Xw ]ptcmKXn¡mbn Fs´Ãmw \qX\hyhkmb§Ä!

`cWw ssIbmfp¶hcpsS ho£Wssh`hcmlnXy¯nsâ CcIfmbncn¡pIbmWv C¶p tIcfobÀ! kzbambn BÀPnt¡WvS Adnhpw hnÚm\hpw ssIhiansænÂ, hnIk\]²XnIÄ Imcy£aambn \S¸m¡p¶ aäp cmPy§fnse DZmlcW§sf¦nepw IWvSp]Tn¨pIqtS? D¯cw sdUn. AXn\tà \½psS a{´namÀ CSbv¡nsS \S¯p¶ hntZibm{XIÄ! KÄ^v cmPy§fnÂs¨¶p cWvSp hyhkmbnIsf IWvSp kwkmcn¨n«p Xncn¨ph¶v Cd¡p¶ {]kvXmh\IÄ tIÄ¡mdntÃ? Atacn¡bnepw bqtdm¸nepwt]mbn, aebmfnIfpsS BXnYyw kzoIcn¨v, AhÀ kwLSn¸n¡p¶ Nne aoänwKpIfn {]kwKn¨v, ImgvNIÄ IWvSp Xncns¨¯nbn«v "tlm AhnsSsbs´mcp `wKnbmbn«mWp Imcy§Ä \S¡p¶Xv' F¶p ]{Xkt½f\¯n AZv`pXw Iqdp¶Xpt]mtc?

]cnØnXn kwc£n¨psImWvSpÅ hnIk\ amXrIbmbmepw tdmUp\nÀamW sshZKv[yambmepw CeIv{Snknän, {Sm^nIv ]cnjvIcWw, Irjn, hyhkmbw, hnZym`ymkw C§s\ GXp cwKs¯¸änbmbmepw ]Tn¡m³ shdpw bm{XsImWvSmhnÃ. ]²XnIÄ \S¸mt¡WvS kaÀYcmb DtZymKØsc Iq«n AXXp cmPy§fn {]kvXpX hIp¸pIfn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ hnZKv[cpambn t\cn«pIWvSp hniZamb ]T\w \S¯n, Bhiysa¦n AhcpsS kmt¦XnIklmbt¯msS tIcf¯n ]²XnIÄ BhnjvIcn¡Ww. DNnXsa¦n hntZihnZKv[cpsS taÂt\m«w ]²XnIÄ¡p km[yam¡m\pw IgnbWw.

kznävkÀe³Unsâ {]tXyIXbmbn FÃmhcpw IoÀ¯n¡p¶Xv AhnSs¯ {]IrXn`wKnbmWtÃm. F¶mÂ, ]cnØnXn ZpÀ_etaJebmbn {]Jym]n¨v A]cnjvIrX h\{]tZiambn FÃmw \ne\nÀ¯p¶ kao]\aà AhnsSbpÅXv. {]IrXnk¼¯p \in¸n¡msX, {]IrXn¡nW§pwhn[apÅ hnIk\§Ä B cmPys¯ FÃm¯c¯nepw k¼¶am¡p¶p. tIcf¯nsâ khntijX ChnSs¯ {]IrXn`wKnbmsW¶ kXyw DÄs¡mWvSv bmYmÀYyt_m[t¯msS hnIk\{]hÀ¯\§Ä BhnjvIcn¡m³ IkvXqcncwK³ dnt¸mÀ«nsâ shfn¨¯n krãn]camb {ia§Ä DWvSmbmÂ, \½psS \mSn\pw P\Xbv¡pw sN¿p¶ Gähpw henb tkh\amIpw AXv.


tIcf¯ns\mcp ]cnØnXn kwc£W amXrI

^vtfmdnUbpsS hSt¡bä¯v AjvS]XmIIfpsS \mSv F¶p hntijn¸n¡p¶ sNdnsbmcp Zzo]mWv Ataenb sFe³Uv. ]et¸mgmbn F«p `cWm[nImcnIfpsS A[o\Xbnembncp¶p Ataenb Zzo]v. Atacn¡³þC´y³ hwiPcpw ISÂs¡mÅ¡mcpw aÕys¯mgnemfnIfpw ]n¶oSv {]`p¡·mcpw AhcpsS B{inXcpw ASnaIfpsaÃmw Xmakam¡nb kpµcamb Ataenb Zzo]nse sNdp\KcamWv s^ÀWWvSo\ _o¨v.

hnIvtSmdnb³ ssienbnepÅ ]pcmX\ `h\§fpw aäp sI«nS§fpapÅ at\mlcamb Cu \Kc¯n\p ZoÀLamsbmcp Ncn{XapWvSv. ^vtfmdnUbnse cWvSmas¯ \Kcsa¶ JymXnbpÅ ChnsS 1573þ kv]m\njv anj\dnamcmWv BZysa¯nbXv. ]n¶oSp h¶ {_n«ojpImÀ X§fpsS cmPmhmb tPmÀPv cWvSmasâ {]nb]p{Xnbmb Ataenb cmPIpamcnbpsS t]cv Cu Zzo]n\p \ÂIn. ]e iànIfpsS A[o\Xbn amdnamdn HSphn 1817þ Cu Zzo]v Atacn¡³ sFIy\mSpIfpsS `mKambn.

Atacn¡bn BZyambn sN½o³ hyhkmbw Bcw`n¨Xv Cu Zzo]nemsW¶v ChÀ AhImis¸Sp¶p. AXnsâ HmÀabv¡v FÃmhÀjhpw tabv amk¯nse BZybmgvNbn hensbmcp sN½o³ s^Ình kwLSn¸n¡p¶Xp Zzo]vhmknIfpsS henb BtLmjhpw apJy SqdnÌv BIÀjWhpambn amdnbncn¡pIbmWv. AtXmsSm¸w hfsc {]kn²amWv ChnSs¯ tKmÄ^v tImgvkpIÄ. Atacn¡bpsS \m\m`mK§fnÂ\n¶p kz´w hnam\¯n ChnsSsb¯n at\mlcamb Cu Zzo]nsâ kzÑXbn Xmakn¨v, tKmÄ^v Ifn¨v, XncnsI X§fpsS Xnct¡dnb PohnXNcybnte¡p aS§p¶ h³I¼\nIfpsS FIvknIyq«ohpIfpw tlmfnhpUv kn\namXmc§fpsams¡bpWvSv.

shdpw 20 IntemaoäÀ \ofhpw 12 IntemaoäÀ hoXnbpapÅ Cu Zzo]nse P\kwJy F¬]Xn\mbnc¯n XmsgbmsW¦nepw Øncw SqdnÌpIÄ F¯p¶Xn\m Zzo]pw \Kchpw Ft¸mgpw kPohamWv. kzÑamb Zzo]pw Xnc¡nÃm¯, Ncn{Xapd§p¶ \KchoYnIfpamWp SqdnÌpIsf BIÀjn¡p¶ apJyLSIw. "kzÀK¯nse ImemhØ' F¶v ChnS¯pImÀ Xamibmbn ]dbp¶ kpJiotXmjvWmhØbpw {][m\ BIÀjWamWv. Aekamsbt¶mWw \KchoYnIfneqsS \S¶v, Ncn{XkvamcI§Ä IWvSv, AhtbmsSm¸apÅ sNdpIpdn¸pIÄ hmbn¨v, Asæn SqdnÌpIÄ¡mbn kÖoIcn¨n«pÅ Xpd¶ IpXnchWvSnbn k©cn¨v, NneÀ Ah[n BkzZn¡p¶p. aäp NnecmIs«, sN½o³ t_m«pIfpw bm{Xmt_m«pIfpw hn{ian¡p¶ "ado\'bn Id§n, sshIpt¶cw AävemânIv kap{ZXocs¯ _o¨nsâ kuIpamcyw BkzZn¨v, kÔytbmsS \Kc¯nepÅ sNdpXpw hepXpamb GsX¦nepw dtÌmdânÂ\n¶p cpNnIcamb `£Ww Ign¨p Znhkw kam]n¸n¡p¶p.

Ataenb Zzo]nepw ChnSps¯ Ncn{X\Kc¯nepsaÃmw {]IrXn`wKnbpw Ncn{XkvamcI§fpw kwc£n¡s¸Sp¶Xp kwØm\, \Kc `cWkwhn[m\hpw s]mXpP\§fpw Hcpt]mse PmKcqIcmbXpsImWvSmWv. cmPy¯p s]mXphmbpw Hmtcm kwØm\hpw {]tXyIambpw IÀi\ambn ]men¡p¶ {]IrXn kwc£W \nba§fmWpÅXv. ]cnØnXnsbbpw BhmkhyhØnXnsbbpw kwc£n¡m³thWvSnbpÅ \nba§Ä A\yq\w ]men¡p¶psWvS¶p _Ôs¸«hÀ Dd¸phcp¯pIbpw sN¿p¶p. tIcf¯nsâ {]IrXn`wKnbpw Pek¼¯pw kwc£n¡m³ \ap¡pWvSmthWvS XmXv]cys¯bpw {i²sbbpw]än ChnSps¯ A\p`h¯nsâ shfn¨¯n Nn´n¨pt]mhpI kzm`mhnIamWv.

^vtfmdnU kwØm\¯p hmbp, Pew, `qan F¶o {]IrXnk¼¯pIfpsS kwc£W¯n\pw kpc£bv¡pwthWvSn ^vtfmdnU Un¸mÀ«vsaâv Hm^v F³hb¬saâ s{]m«Ivj³ F¶ kÀ¡mÀ GP³knbmWp {]hÀ¯n¡p¶Xv. A´co£hmbp aen\amImXncn¡m\pw DdhIÄ, \ZnIÄ, I\mepIÄ, ImbepIÄ, kap{ZXoc§Ä F¶n§s\bpÅ Pet{kmXkpIsfÃmw kwc£n¡m\pw sa¨s¸Sp¯m\pw kZm IÀtamÕpIcmWnhÀ. AtXmsSm¸w Xt±ihmknIÄ¡pw kµÀiIÀ¡pw kpc£nX hnt\mZ¯n\pw DÃmk¯n\pw AhnsS kwhn[m\samcp¡m\pw AhÀ¡p Ignbp¶p. Pemib§Ä kwc£n¡m³ am{XaÃ, Ah {InbmßIhpw _p²n]chpambn D]tbmKn¡m\pw \njvIÀjbpsWvS¶p Npcp¡w.

cmPys¯ Pemib§fpsS kwc£W¯n\p imkv{XobamÀK§Ä Ahew_n¡pIhgn {]IrXnkwc£Whpw P\§fpsS BtcmKyhpamWp e£yam¡p¶Xv. \ZnIfntet¡m aäp Pemib§fntet¡m ^mIvSdnIfnÂ\nt¶m hoSpIfnÂ\nt¶m t]mepw amen\y§fpw cmkhkvXp¡fpsam¶pw F¯nt¨cmXncn¡m³ IÀi\ \nco£Whpw ap³IcpXepamWv ChnsSbpÅXv. sI«nS§fpsS apIfnÂ\n¶pw Smdn« tdmUpIfnÂ\n¶pw ]mÀ¡nwKv Øe§fnÂ\n¶psams¡ agshÅw Ip¯nsbmen¨p Pemib§fn F¯p¶Xp [mcmfw amen\yhpw hnjhkvXp¡fpambn«msW¶Xp hyàamWv. F®, {Kokv, Icn, cmkhf§Ä, IoS\min\nIÄ, _mIvSocnb \ndª Krlamen\yw, arKhnkÀPyw F¶nhsbÃmw IqSnt¨À¶ shÅamhpw A§s\sb¯pI. ChsbÃmw A]ISIcamwhn[w Pemib§sf aen\s¸Sp¯p¶hbmWv.

ac§fpw Ipäns¨SnIfpsams¡ sh«n\nc¯n Øew \nc¸m¡p¶Xv Cu {]{Inbsb XzcnXs¸Sp¯pIbpw sN¿pw. ^etam? Aimkv{Xobamb \KchXvIcWXzc IqSp¶bnS§fn agshÅsamgp¡p iàamhpIbpw Pemib§fn a®pw sNfnbpw ASnªpIqSpIbpw hnjabamb Pekky§Ä hfcm\pw aÕyk¼¯p \in¡m\pw KmÀlnImhiy¯n\pÅ ip²Pee`yX Ipdbm\pw CSbmIpIbpw sN¿p¶p. C§s\ aen\amIp¶ Pe¯n ImUvanbw, seUv, _mIvSocnb, sshdkv XpS§nb hn\miIcamb LSI§Ä A]mbIcamb Afhn IeÀ¶n«pWvSmhpw. X·qew Pemib§fpsS KpW\nehmcw IrXyambn Xn«s¸Sp¯n imkv{Xob ]cnlmcamÀK§Ä kzoIcn¡m³ ChnsS _Ôs¸« DtZymKØÀ \nc´cw IÀa\ncXcmWv.

{]iv\§Ä ]cnlcn¡p¶Xnep]cn Pemib§sf A]ISIcamb hnjen]vX hkvXp¡fnÂ\n¶p hnapàam¡m³ \nch[n ap³IcpXepIÄ ChnsS kzoIcn¡p¶p. tdmUpIfpw sI«nS§fpw ]mÀ¡nwKv Øe§fpw aäp \nÀamW{]hÀ¯\§fpw \S¯pt¼mÄ AhbpsS hnkvXoÀW¯n\v B\p]mXnIambn \nÝnX hep¸¯n Pekw`cWnIÄ AhtbmSp tNÀ¶p \nÀan¡Wsa¶Xp \nbaamWv. sI«nS§Ä¡p apIfnÂIqsSbpw aäp \nÀamWØe¯pIqsSbpw HgpInhcp¶ agshÅw HmSbneqsS HgpIn Pemib§fnse¯msX, Pekw`cWnIfnse¯n a®neqsS am{Xw DuÀ¶nd§m\pÅ ap³IcpXemWnXv. Cu kwhn[m\anÃmsX, kÀ¡mÀ \nÀamWambmepw kzImcyhyànIfpsS ]WnIfmbmepw Ahbv¡v A\paXn e`n¡nÃ.

`qKÀ`PehnXm\w \ne\nÀ¯m³IqSn klmbn¡p¶ Cu \njvIÀj IqSmsX aäp \n_Ô\Ifpw Pekwc£W hIp¸p \S¸m¡p¶pWvSv. NXp¸p\ne§Ä \ne\nÀ¯nbmte PehnXm\w kwc£n¡m\mhq F¶v FÃmhÀ¡padnbmw. X·qew bmsXmcp \nÀamW{]hÀ¯\hpw NXp¸p\neambn kÀ¡mÀ \nÀWbn¨n«pÅ Øe§fn A\phZn¡nÃ. \nÀamW{]hÀ¯\§Ä \S¯pt¼mÄ A\nhmcyambn \nÀant¡WvS Pekw`cWnt]mepw NXp¸p\ne§fn A\phZ\obaÃ. `qKÀ`Pew aen\amIm³ AXp hgnsbmcp¡psa¶XmWp ImcWw. tIcf¯nsâ A\p{KloXamb Pek¼¯ns\bpw {]IrXn`wKnsbbpw F{X emLht¯msSbmWp \mw sh«n\nc¯p¶sX¶v HmÀ¯pt]mbn. ^vtfmdnUbnset¸mepÅ {]mtbmKnI Peþ{]IrXn kwc£W \nba§Ä \½psS \m«n ]men¡s¸«ncps¶¦nse¶v B{Kln¡pI kzm`mhnIw.

Pet{kmXkpIfpsSbpw X®oÀ¯S§fpsSbpw NXp¸p\ne§fpsSbpsaÃmw kwc£Ww IÀi\ambn ]men¡pt¼mgpw ChnsSbmcpw hnIk\hntcm[nIfmIp¶nà F¶XmWp {it²bw. {]IrXntbmSv CW§p¶ `wKnbnepw {]IrXnk¼¯pIÄ¡p \miw hcp¯m¯ coXnbnepw \Zn¡cbnepw kap{ZXoc¯psaÃmw \nÀamW§Ä \S¯p¶Xp ImWpt¼mÄ \½psS \m«nse ho£W sshcp[y§fpsS A]mIXIÄ HmÀahcpw. imkv{Xobamb ho£Whpw ]T\§fpw kao]\§fpw C¡mcy¯n ]peÀ¯m¯XmWp \½psS t]mcmbva.

F´n\pw GXn\psaXntc A\mhiy i_vZtLmjapWvSm¡p¶ Nne ]cnØnXnhmZnItf¡mÄ tIcf¯nsâ NmcpXbmÀ¶ {]IrXnkwc£W¯n\p \ap¡mhiyw imkv{Xobt_m[w ]peÀ¯p¶ ]cnØnXn imkv{XÚscbmWv. F¶mÂ, AhcpsS hnÚm\hpw kÀKtijnbpw ka\zbs¸Sp¯n \mSpw \Kchpw hnIkn¸n¡m³ kÀ¡mcn\v CÑmiànbpWvSmbmte \½psS \mSn\p {]IrXy\pkrX hnIk\w km[yamIq.



\½psS `mjbpsS t{ijvTX


A
t\IcpsS A£oWamb KthjW§fpsSbpw \nc´camb ]cn{ia¯nsâbpw ^esat¶mWw aebmf¯n\p t{ijvT`mjm]Zhn e`n¡pt¼mÄ temIsa§papÅ aebmfnIÄ A`nam\n¡mXncn¡nÃ. {Ko¡pw emän\pw kwkvIrXhpsams¡bmWp kmÀh{XnIambn ¢mkn¡Â `mjIfmbn AwKoIcn¡s¸«n«pÅsX¦nepw tI{µ kmlnXy A¡mZan \nÝbn¨n«pÅ \mep {][m\ am\Zާġ\pkrXambn t{ijvT]Zhn e`n¨n«pÅ aäp Z£ntW´y³ `mjIÄs¡m¸w XebpbÀ¯n \nev¡m\pÅ ]ucmWnIXbpw \nehmchpw aebmf `mjbv¡psWvS¶ km£yw IqsSbmWtÃm Cu ]Zhn.

Zo]nIbpsS apJ{]kwK¯n NqWvSn¡m«nbXpt]mse, `mjbv¡pÅ t]mcmbvaIÄ \o¡n aebmfs¯ kv^pSw sNbvsXSp¡m\pÅ {ia§Ä¡p ]Icw DtZymKØÀ¡pw cmjv{Sob¡mÀ¡pw asämcp ]Ws¡mbv¯n\pÅ kphÀWmhkcambn CXpw ]cnWan¡ptam F¶ Bi¦ am{XtabpÅp.

Zo]nI ]dª hfsc kp{][m\amb Hcp Imcyw, kmt¦XnIhnZybpsS IpXn¨pNm«w `mjbpsS {]tbmK¯n {]Xn^ent¡WvSnbncn¡p¶p F¶pw ]pXnb Xeapd B[p\nI Bibhn\nab kt¦X§sf B{ibn¡p¶ Cu ImeL«¯n AXn\\pkrXambn `mjbv¡p hfÀ¨bpWvSmIWw F¶pamWv. BcmWmthm CXn\p ap³ssIsbSp¡pI? AtXm _[ncIÀW§fnemhptam CXpw ]Xn¡pI? aebmf kÀhIemime CXp apJyZuXyambn IWvSp KuchXcamb \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¨m ipt`mZÀ¡amIpw.

aebmf `mjbnte¡pÅ Cw¥ojnsâ IS¶pIbäs¯¸än ]ecpw hne]n¡mdpWvStÃm. A§s\ kw`hn¡m³ \nch[n ImcW§fpWvSv. H¶maXv, km[mcW Bibhn\nab¯n\v BhiywthWvS ]Z k¼¯ÃmsX kmt¦XnIhnZybpsS Npäph«¯pt]mepw F¯pt¼mÄ D]tbmKnt¡WvS aebmf ]Z§Ä kvIqÄ hnZym`ymkIme¯p Ip«nIÄ¡p e`n¡p¶nÃ. km[mcW hnZym`ymk¯nepw apXnÀ¶hcpsS kw`mjW¯nepw am[ya§fnepsaÃmw aebmf hm¡pItfmSv CgtNÀ¶p [mcmfw Cw¥ojv ]Z§Ä \nc´cw D]tbmKn¡pt¼mÄ AXp Ip«nIfpsS a\knse \nLWvSphnepw Øew]nSn¡p¶Xn AZv`pXsa´n\v? "at\mhr¯nIsf shfns¸Sp¯m\pÅ D]mbamWp `mj' F¶p tIcf]mWn\obw ]dbp¶p. k¦c`mj ]Tn¡p¶ Ip«nIÄ a\knepÅ Bibw hmNnIam¡m³ {ian¡pt¼mÄ s]mSp¶\th s]m´nhcnI Cw¥ojv tNÀ¶ aebmfambncn¡pw.

aebmf¯nemWp kwkmcn¡p¶sX¦nepw Nnet¸mÄ Cw¥ojv ]Z¯n\v A\ptbmPyamb aebmf hm¡p IsWvS¯m\mhmsX hcp¶ kmlNcyapWvSv. Nne Cw¥ojv hm¡pIÄ¡p X¯peyamb ]Zw aebmf¯nenà F¶Xpw hnkvacn¡m\mhnÃ. DZmlcW¯n\v, ¢mkn¡Â emwtKzPv F¶Xn\p t{ijvT`mj F¶p ]dbmt\ \ap¡p Ignbp¶pÅq. \½psS `mjbpsS ]ZmhenbpsS ]cnanXn \mw AwKoIcnt¨ aXnbmhq. "ssÌep' Im«m\mbn Cw¥ojv hm¡pIÄ A\pNnXambn Hmtcm hmNI¯nepw XncpIn¡bäp¶ Snhn AhXmcIcpsS Imcyaà ChnsS hnh£n¡p¶Xv.

kmt¦XnI ]ZmhenbpsS Imcy¯nemWp aebmf¯n\p henb Zmcn{Zyw. \½psS `mjm C³Ìnäyq«v ap³ssIsbSp¯p imkv{X kmt¦XnI ]Z§Ä¡p X¯peyamb aebmf hm¡pIÄ cq]s¸Sp¯m³ \S¯nb {ia§Ä hnkvacn¡p¶nÃ. F¶m AhÀ IsWvS¯nb ]Z§fpsS ¢njvTXaqew Ah D]tbmKn¡m³ ]ecpw sshapJyw Im«n. ]Zk¼¯p hÀ[n¡p¶nsæn `mj hfcp¶nà F¶p Xs¶bmWÀYw. {ItaW AXp arX`mjbmsb¶pw hcmw. `mjm t{ijvT]Zhn aqew e`n¡p¶ Ahkc§Ä `mjbpsS hfÀ¨bv¡mWv D]tbmKnt¡WvSXv. A¡mcy¯n BÀ¡p ipjvIm´nbpWvSmIpw F¶XmWp {]iv\w.

A\y`mjIfnÂ\n¶p ]Zk¼¯p kzoIcn¨p hfcpIsb¶Xp ]e temI`mjIfnepw ImWp¶ {]Xn`mkamWv. Cw¥ojv Xs¶ \à DZmlcWw. aebmf`mjbnemIs«, kwkvIrX¯nepw Xangnepw I¶Sbnepw Cw¥ojnepw t]mÀ¨pKoknepw Ad_nbnepw \ns¶ms¡ ]Z§Ä kzoIcn¨n«pWvSv. A§s\ kzoIcn¡p¶ ]Z§sf \½psS ]ZmhenbpsS `mKam¡n amäp¶ {]{Inb XÕa§fpw XÛh§fpambn«mWtÃm kw`hn¡p¶Xv. A\y`mjm ]Z§sf amäwhcp¯n kzoIcn¡p¶ XÛh§Ä¡v DZmlcW§fmWtÃm PUvPnbpw hm[ymcpw dm´epw GWnbpw tXmWnbpsaÃmw.

_mly]Z§sf A¸msS kzoIcn¨ \nch[n hm¡pIÄ \½psS `mjbnepWvSv. Gsd¡psd kmÀh{XnI `mjbmbn¡gnªn«pÅ Cw¥ojn \n¶mWv Ah [mcmfw IS¶ph¶n«pÅXv. BtKmfhXvIcW¯nsâbpw am[ya hn¹h¯nsâbpw ^eambn aebmf¯n F¯nbn«pÅ XÕa]Z§fpsS kwJy \½psS FÃm IW¡pIq«epIsfbpw DÃwLn¡p¶XmWv. ssN\okv NnÃnNn¡\pw \yqUnÂkpw ]mÝmXycpsS _ÀKdpw tlm«vtUmKpw ]nkmbpsaÃmw CcpssIbpw \o«n kzoIcn¨Xpt]mse \nch[n Cw¥ojv ]Z§fpw hnimea\tkmsS \mw kzoIcn¨t¸mÄ ckIcamb Nne {]iv\§fpw \ap¡p h¶p`hn¨p. aebmf¯nte¡p Zs¯Sp¯ hm¡pIfpsS D¨mcWw krãn¨ sshXcWnIfmWh. tPmen¡mbpw AÃmsXbpw hntZi¯v F¯p¶ aebmfnIÄ¡Xp KpcpXcamb {]XnkÔnbmbn ]cnWan¡pIbpw sNbvXp.

Cw¥ojv hm¡pIsf klÀjw kzmKXw sNbvX aebmfn Ah D¨cn¨Xp aebmf \mhpsImWvSmbnt¸mbn F¶XmWp {]iv\ImcWw. Cw¥ojv hm¡pIsf skäpapWvSpw »ukpanSo¨p D¨mcW¯n \mw aebmfhXvIcn¨pIfªp. skäpapWvSpSp¯p {]Xy£s¸« Cw¥ojv h\nXsb ]mÝmXycpsS ap¶nse¯n¨t¸mÄ AhÀ¡hsf H«pw Xncn¨dnbm\mbnÃ. Cw¥ojns\ aebmfhXv¡cn¨ \½psS \m«pImÀ Atacn¡bnepw Cw¥WvSnepw Im\Ubnepw AbÀe³Unepsams¡sb¯n kmbn¸nt\mSv kwkmcn¨t¸mÄ kmbn¸p ]dªp,"tkmdn, sF AWvSÀÌm³Uv Hm¬en Cw¥ojv.' \½psS tlm«epw ImädnwKpw dÌdâpw kemUpw kÀP\pw \gvkpw kÀhokpw kn\na¡mÀ ]dbp¶ tat\Pdpw kvem§pw H¶pw Cw¥ojpImÀ¡p a\knemIp¶ D¨mcWaÃ.

e¯o\pw kv]m\njpsams¡t¸mse aebmfhpw FgpXp¶Xpt]mse hmbn¡pIbmWtÃm sN¿pI. F¶mÂ, Cw¥ojnemIs« H¶ne[nIw kzcm£c§fpÅ hm¡pIfn GsX¦nepsamcp kzc¯n\v Du¶Â \evIn ]dbp¶XmWv D¨mcW ssien. X·qew aebmfw hmbn¡p¶Xpt]mse Cw¥ojv, hmbn¡pItbm ]dbpItbm sNbvXm Cw¥ojpImÀ¡v AXp a\knembnsöp hcmw. hntZis¯¯p¶ aebmfnIsf Ipgbv¡p¶ apJyamb Bibhn\nab {]iv\amWnXv. AXp adp\m«n aebmfnIÄ¡p Nne kmaqly{]iv\§fpWvSm¡p¶pWvSv F¶XmWp kXyw.

Cw¥ojv Cw¥ojmbpw aebmfw aebmfambpw Xs¶ kvIqfpIfnepw tImfPpIfnepsams¡ ]Tn¸n¨mte CXn\p ]cnlmcamIq. Cw¥ojv hm¡pIÄ aebmf¯n F§s\ ]dªmepw Cw¥ojv ]Tn¸n¡pt¼mÄ Cw¥ojnse D¨mcWcoXnbn¯s¶ ]dtbWvSnbncn¡p¶p. AXn\p \½psS hnZym`ymk Øm]\§fnse A[ym]IÀ D¨mcWimkv{X¯n Hcp ]p\À]T\w Xs¶ \St¯WvSnhcpw. Cw¥ojn kwkmcn¡pt¼mÄ aebmf¯n {]NmcW¯nembncn¡p¶ Cw¥ojv hm¡pIÄt]mepw Cw¥ojv ]dtbWvS coXnbn ]dbm\mWp Ip«nIsf ]Tn¸nt¡WvSXv.

Zo]nIbpsS apJ{]kwK¯n kqNn¸n¨Xpt]mse, aebmfs¯ \mw kvt\ln¡p¶XpsImWvSv Bcpw Cw¥ojv ]Tnt¡WvSXnà F¶p {lkzZr¡pIfmb Nne cmjv{Sob¡mÀ ]dbp¶Xpt]mse \mw iTnt¡WvSXnÃ. `mKy¯n\v, Smdnsâ Sn¶pambn Cw¥ojv t_mÀUpIÄ t\m¡nbnd§p¶ cmjv{Sob¡mÀ Xangv\m«ntet¸mse Ct¸mÄ cwK¯nÃ. tIcf¯n\¸pdapÅ temI¯nte¡p IS¶psNÃmsX aebmfnIÄ¡p c£bnÃm¯XpsImWvSp \mw Cw¥ojv ]Tnt¨ Xocqþ AXpw ip²amb Cw¥ojn¯s¶. imkv{Xþ kmt¦XnI hnjb§fn D¶X hnZym`ymk¯n\pw ]pdwtemIt¯bv¡pÅ {]thi\¯n\pw ]pd¯pIS¶m Bßhnizmkt¯msS Bibhn\nabw \S¯m\pw AXv A\nhmcyamWv. F¶m GXp \m«nse¯nbmepw amXr`mj kwkmcn¡m\pw a\knem¡m\pw km[yamIpwhn[w aebmfw kzmb¯amt¡WvSXpWvSv. A½ FhnsSbpw Ft¸mgpw A½Xs¶.

tas¼mSn

sIm¨nbnse¯nb Hcp bqtdm]y³ SqdnÌv FbÀt]mÀ«n\p ]pd¯p kwkmcn¨p\n¶ cWvSp SmIvkn¡mtcmSp apdnCw¥ojn ]dsªm¸n¨p, "F\n¡v Cw¥ojv AdnbnÃ. \n§Ä¡p PÀ½³ Adnbmtam?' AhÀ ]dªp, "t\m'

"{^©v?' þ"t\m'

"Cämenb³?' "t\m'

"kv]m\njv?'"tkmdn, t\m.'

\ncmitbmsS SqdnÌv Xdbnencp¶pt]mbn. AXpIWvSv AÛpXt¯msS Hcph³ ]dªp,

"tlm! kmbn¸n\p \mep `mjIfdnbmw'

A]c³ ]dªp, "]t£, F´p {]tbmP\w?'.




PoÀWX _m[n¨ GWn¸SnIÄ

A[ym]I \nba\¯n AgnaXn \S¯nb ""NuXmeamÀ¡p ]¯phÀjw XShv'' F¶ hmÀ¯ hmbn¨v C´ybnse kam\yP\§sfm¶msI kt´mjn¨pImWpw. GsX¦nepsamcp {]tXyI cmjv{Sob]mÀ«nbnse t\Xm¡·mÀ¡p in£ In«nbXnepÅ kt´mjaÃ, AgnaXn ioeam¡nb Nne cmjv{Sob¡mÀs¡Xntcsb¦nepw \nbalkvXw F¯nbtÃm F¶ BizmkamWv. Zo]nI CtX¸än FUntämdnb FgpXnbncp¶p, cmjv{Sob¯nsâ t]cn \nbaw ssIbnseSp¡mt\m \oXn\nÀhlWw XSks¸Sp¯mt\m Bsc¦nepw {ian¨m AXns\ iàambn t\cnSpIXs¶ thWw. \nÀ`mKyhimÂ, tIcf¯nÂt¸mepw AXà \S¡p¶Xv. AgnaXn¡msc kwc£n¡pIbpw AXnep]cn Xoänt¸mäpIbpw AgnaXnbpsS ]¦p]äpIbpw sN¿p¶hÀ [mcmfapWvSv. FÃm ]pXnb ]²XnItfmSpw _Ôs¸«v ChnsS hnhmZ§Ä DSseSp¡m\pÅ ImcWhpw AXmWtÃm.

hntZicmPy§fn tPmensNbvXp k¼mZn¨ Adnhpw ]cnNbhpw ]Whpap]tbmKn¨v \m«n Fs´¦nepw hyhkmbkwcw`tam _nkn\tkm XpS§Wsa¶v B{Kln¡p¶ {]hmknIfpWvSv. ]pXnb kwcw`w XpS§m\m{Kln¨v, hnZKv[amb t{]mPIvSv dnt¸mÀ«pw imkv{Xobamb ¹m\pw Bib§fpw kz]v\§fpambn \m«nse¯n, _Ôs¸« kÀ¡mÀ hIp¸pIfnÂ\n¶v A\paXn hm§ms\¯p¶tXmsS {]iv\§fpw Bcw`n¡pw.

Hcp hyhkmb kwcw`I³ F¯pt¼mįs¶, A\paXn \ÂtIWvS hIp¸ptZymKØ\pw ]cnhmc§fpw a\¡W¡p Iq«n¯pS§pw. kwcw`I³ t{]mPIvSv dnt¸mÀ«n ]dbp¶ aqe[\¯nsâ In¼fiXam\w ap³IqÀ sImSp¡p¶nsænÂ, DÅXpw CÃm¯Xpamb N«§fpsS Ducm¡pSp¡nÂs¸«XpXs¶. KXy´canÃmsX hyhkmbkwcw`I³ kÀ¡mÀ hn{Kl§sf {]oXns¸Sp¯m³ t\À¨bn«pXpS§nbmtem? ^b \o§p¶X\pkcn¨v B\p]mXnIambn ]WwsImWvSpÅ XÅ iàam¡ns¡mWvSncn¡Ww. HSphn A´na A\paXn¡mbn apIfnse¯pt¼mÄ, kÀ¡mÀ Poh\¡mcsâ aIsf sI«n¡m\pÅ klmb[\¯nÂ\n¶v ]mÀ«n ^WvSnte¡pÅ kw`mh\sb¶ I\¯ XpIbnte¡v AXp cq]m´cs¸«n«pWvSmhpsa¶p am{Xw.

"kmdn\p Imcyw \S¡tWm, CsXms¡ thWvSnhcpw. CXv Atacn¡sbm¶paà kmtd, ChnsS C§s\sbms¡bmWv' F¶v CS\ne¡mc\pw klmbnbpambn AXphsc IqsS\n¶ {]mtZinIt\Xmhv shfns¸Sp¯pw. "]änÃ, C¯cw GÀ¸mSpIfneqsS F\n¡nXmhiyanÃ' F¶p [mÀanItcmjt¯msS ]dªp aS§p¶hs\ hntijn¸n¡m³ F³BÀsF F¶ Npcp¡t¸cn\p \sÃmcp aebmf ]cn`mj \ÂIn AhÀ ]dªbbv¡pw.

CXp hntZiaebmfnbpsS am{Xw A\p`hamtWm? "AtÃ, AÃ' F¶mbncn¡pw hmb\¡mÀ GIkzc¯n {]XnIcn¡pI. ssI¡qen hm§nbXn\v F³Pn\nbsd AYhm hntÃPv Hm^oksd AdÌpsNbvsXs¶ms¡ ]{XhmÀ¯IÄ hmbn¡pt¼mÄ kXy¯n AZv`pXamIpw. ssI¡qen tNmZn¨v shdpw km[mcW¡mcsâ \ymbamb AhImiwt]mepw \ntj[n¡p¶ kÀ¡mÀ Poh\¡mcs\ IpSp¡m³ t]meokns\ Adnbn¨n«p ssI¡qenbpambn sNÃp¶ kw`h§Ä \nc´cw ]{X§fn hmbn¨n«pw Cu hnUvVnIÄ C¯cw GÀ¸mSpIÄ \nÀ¯m¯sXt´ F¶p kzbw tNmZn¨pt]mImdpWvSv. CubnsS GXm\pw kÀ¡mÀ Poh\¡mÀ \S¯nb kacw thKw Ahkm\n¸n¡m³ t{]cIambXv Ubkvt\m¬ F¶ in£tb¡mÄ A\pZn\w \ãamIp¶ In¼f¯pIbmsW¶ \nco£Ww FhnsStbm hmbn¨t¸mÄ Nncn¡mXncn¡m³ IgnªnÃ. `cWw GXp ap¶WnbptSXmbmepw Cu coXn¡p am{Xw amäapWvSmhnÃ. kÀ¡mÀ Hm^okpIfnse Cu \S]Sn{Ia¯n\v ASnØm\]cambn amäwhcp¯m³ `cWIÀ¯m¡Ä¡p km[n¡p¶nsöp hyàw.

"Imcyw \S¡tWm NnÃd apS¡Ww' F¶Xp \½psS \mSnsâ B]vXhmIyamWv. "kÀ¡mÀ Xcp¶ \¡m¸n¨ i¼fwsImWvSv F§s\ PohnXs¨ehv \S¯m\mWp kmtd' F¶p Zb\obambn tNmZn¨ncp¶ Imew ]WvSmbncp¶p. ""ChnsS C§s\sbms¡bm. thWsa¦n aXn. Rm\o t]¸À H¸n«p Xcpt¼mÄ Xm\pWvSm¡m³ t]mIp¶Xv F{X tImSnbm! AXnsâ sNdnsbmcwiatà tNmZn¨pÅq'' F¶mWnt¸mÄ. ]WvSs¯ \¡m¸n¨ i¼fw amdn A´kmb i¼fw hm§p¶ DtZymKØ\mbn«pw at\m`mhw am{Xw amdnbn«nÃ. AXnÂ\n¶v Hcp Imcyw kv]jvSamWv. BXy´nIambn CsXmcp [mÀanI{]iv\amWv. s]mXpP\§Ä \ÂIp¶ \nIpXn¸Ww kÀ¡mÀ JP\mhn F¯p¶Xnsâ ^eambn i¼fw IrXyambn kzoIcn¡p¶ DtZymKس P\§fpsS \ymbamb Bhiy§Ä km[n¨psImSp¡m³ _m[yØ\mWv F¶ ASnØm\XXzw DÄs¡mÅm³ km[n¡m¯Xnsâ ]cnWX^eamWnXv.

CsXms¡ ImWpt¼mÄ, Atacn¡bn BZyambn F¯n¡gnªv tkmjy skIyqcnän \¼À In«m\mbn AXnsâ Hm^okn sN¶XpsXm«v, ss{UhnwKv ssek³kv In«m³, _m¦v A¡uWvSv XpS§m³, hml\w hm§m³, AXp cPnÌÀ sN¿m³, C³jzd³kv FSp¡m³ F¶n§s\bpÅ Bhiy§Ä¡mbn hnhn[ Hm^okpIfn sN¶Xnsâ HmÀaIfmWv a\knte¡p hcnI. Hm^okpIfnse Hmt«mamänIv Iq¸¬ hnXcW sajo\pIfnÂ\n¶p Iq¸sWSp¯p Itkcbn sN¶ncn¡pt¼mÄ, F´mbncn¡pw IuWvSdn\p ]n¶nencn¡p¶ aZm½bpsS at\m`mhw F¶ Bi¦bmbncp¶p DÅnÂ. \¼À hnfn¡p¶Xp tI«p sN¶t¸mtg, "ta sF slÂ]v bq' F¶ tNmZyw ImXnse¯n. AhÀ¡p a\knemIm¯ Cw¥ojn Bhiyw hniZoIcn¡pt¼mÄ AsXms¡ £atbmsS {ihn¨v, sNt¿WvSsXÃmw IrXyambn ]dªpX¶n«v, "F\nXnwKv FÂkv Iym³ sF Uq t^mÀ bq?' F¶pIqSn tNmZn¨t¸mÄ, "t\m, Xm¦vbq' F¶p ]dbmXncn¡m³ ]änbnÃ.

Øew hm§m\pw sI«nSw ]Wnbm\pw _nkn\kv XpS§m\pw FÃmän\pw hyàhpw IrXyhpamb \S]Sn{Ia§fpWvSv, ]cntim[\IfpWvSv, AwKoImc§Ä t\tSWvSXpWvSv. ]t£ \S]Sn{Ia§Ä ]men¡p¶Xn\p ]Icw ]Whpambn Hm^okpIÄ Ibdnbnd§p¶ GÀ¸mSv am{XanÃ. HcnS¯pw Bscbpw {]oXns¸Sp¯mt\m kzm[o\n¡mt\m {iant¡WvSXnÃ. Hcp Hm^okdpsSbpw ap¶n \½psS \m«nset¸mse HmÑm\n¨p \nÂt¡WvSXnÃ. Bhiyw \ymbsa¦n km[n¨pIn«pw. sNt¿WvS Imcy§Ä hniZambn ]dªpXcpw. \S¸nÃm¯ Imcy§Ä "\S¡nÃ' F¶ adp]Sn e`n¡pw, ImcWhpw hyàam¡pw. shdpsX IqSpX kabw ]mgm¡nbn«p ImcyanÃ. ]e Hm^okpIfnsebpw tkh\§Ä Ct¸mÄ "Hm¬sse³' Bbn km[n¨pIn«pIbpw sN¿pw.

]pXpXmbn Atacn¡bnse¯nb Hcp bphmhpw Abmsf klmbn¡ms\¯nb aebmfn kplr¯pambn \S¶ ckIcamb kw`mjWw HmÀan¡p¶p. sNdp¸¡mc³ hfsc kzImcyambn kplr¯nt\mSp ]dªp, "Afnbm, Hcp Id¼ns¸®mWp ss{UhnwKv sSÌn\p hcp¶Xv.' (B{^n¡³ Atacn¡³ hwiPsc Atacn¡³ aebmfn hntijn¸n¡p¶Xv A§s\bmWv) "Hcp Ccp]Xp tUmfÀ AhfpsS ssIbne§p ]nSn¸n¨mtem?'

"Ccp]Xp tUmftdm?' kplr¯v tNmZn¨p.

"F´m t]mtc? Afnb AXp \m«nse IW¡\pkcn¨v Bbncw cq]bm...' Aªqdp cq] sImSp¯v \m«n CâÀ\mjW ss{Uthgvkv ssek³kv kwLSn¸n¨p h¶ncn¡p¶ hncpX\mWbmÄ. "F´n\m Ccp]Xm¡p¶Xv, \qdp tUmfÀ AhÄ¡§p sImSp¡v. At¸mÄ \o hnhcadnbpw.' \m«nse A\p`hwh¨v A{Xbpw [ocX ImWn¨ncps¶¦n Ah³ XoÀ¨bmbpw AI¯mIpambncp¶p. ]pd¯phcpt¼mÄ t\tc hnam\¯nte¡pw. hyànIÄ¡v \ymbambn e`nt¡WvS tkh\§Ä e`n¡m³ Hcp Hm^oknepw ]Wtam kzm[o\tam D]tbmKnt¡WvSXnà F¶ hyhØnXn a\pjymhImis¯¸änbpÅ Aht_m[¯nÂ\n¶v DÛhn¡p¶XmWv.

"Id]vj³' F¶ Cw¥ojv ]Z¯nsâ IrXy]cn`mjbmb PoÀWX F¶ hm¡pXs¶bmWv \½psS \m«nse ØnXnhntijs¯ ]cmaÀin¡pt¼mÄ D]tbmKn¡m³ bpàw. kÀ¡mcptZymK§fpsS GWn¸SnIfn BZyt¯Xp apX apIfäwhsc kÀhhym]nbmbn¯oÀ¶n«pÅ PoÀWX. ]©mb¯v, hntÃPv, Xmeq¡v Hm^okpIÄ, IfIvStdäv, BÀSnH Hm^okv F¶n§s\ FhnsS GXp Imcykm[y¯ns\¯nbmepw AgnaXnsb¶ PoÀWXbpsS amen\yw hym]n¨ncn¡p¶XmWtÃm ImWpI. Hcp t\cs¯ `£Ww Ign¡m³thWvS \nkmc s]³j³XpI ]mkm¡nsbSp¡ms\¯p¶ km[phnt\mSp apX "kvamÀSvknän' \S¯n¸pImtcmSphsc Imip IW¡p]dªp hm§m³ sshZKv[yw t\Snb a\kpIÄ F§s\bmWv \mSnsâ hnIk\¯n\p apX¡q«mhpI? \nÀ`mKyhim AhcmWtÃm \½psS \mSnsâ `mKt[bw \nÀWbn¡p¶hÀ! F¶m AgnaXntbmSp kÔnsN¿nsö \nÝbZmÀVyw P\§Ä ]peÀ¯nbm PoÀWX _m[n¨ a\kpIsf \nebv¡p\nÀ¯m\mIpw.

tas¼mSn: BÀSnH Hm^okn \mepaWn¡qÀ Im¯ncp¶n«pw Imcyw km[n¡msX \ncmibmb ho«½ HSphn Hm^oksd IWvSv KXy´canÃmsX tIWp, "kmtd cmhnse apX Rm\nhnsS Ccn¡p¶XmWv. Fsâ ssek³kv ]pXp¡n¯¶m D]Imcambn.'

"FÃmhcpw ChnsS Xnc¡pÅhÀXs¶bm. \n§Ä t]mbn D¨Ignªp hm.'

ho«n t]mbn aS§nhcnI A{]mtbmKnIambXn\m B kab¯v aIs\mcp {In¡äv _mäv hm§msa¶p IcpXn ASp¯pÅ ISbnte¡p Ibdn. AhÀ IS¡mct\mSp ]dªp, "{In¡äv _mäv.'

]dªXv AÂ]w ]cpjamtbm F¶ kwib¯n AhÀ hniZoIcn¨p, "BÀSnH Hm^oknencp¶v £asI«n«mWp hcp¶Xv. AXpsImWvSmWv.'

IS¡mc³ tNmZn¨p, "_mäv s]mXnbtWm AtXm CXpwsImWvSv t\tc BÀSnH Hm^okn t]mIm\mtWm?'



AXtà AXnsâsbmcp kv]ncnäv?
-þ14
\m
«n Ah[ns¡¯pt¼mÄ XnbädnepÅ GsX¦nepw \à kn\na ImWm³ a\kphbv¡mdpWvSv. hÀj¯nsemcn¡Â am{Xw e`n¡p¶ BUw_camWXv. C¯hW AXn\p {ian¨t¸mÄ tI«p, XnbädpImcpsS ]WnapS¡mWt{X. ]Icw ASp¯nsS dneokmb GsX¦nepw kn\nabpsS UnhnUn BImsa¶p IcpXn. cRvPn¯nsâ Nn{XambXpsImWvSv \¶mbncn¡psa¶ {]Xo£bn "kv]ncnäv' sXcsªSp¯p. {]Xo£ sXänbnÃ. aebmfnbpsS aZytkhbpsS ]Ým¯e¯n aZymkànsb kw_Ôn¨ Hcp kam\yX¯zw iàambpw Iem]cambpw BhnjvIcn¨ncn¡p¶Xp IWvSt¸mÄ ssIbSn¡m³ DÄt{]cW tXm¶n.

BZyta ]dbs«, CsXmcp kn\nam \ncq]WaÃ. kv]ncnänsâ ]Ým¯e¯n \½psS aZykwkvImcs¯¸än Nn´n¨pt]mbXmWv. kv]ncnän ImWn¨n«pÅXpt]mse, _nhtdPkv tImÀ]tdjsâ hnev]\imebv¡p ap¼n A¨S¡t¯msS ZoÀLt\cw Iyq \n¡p¶ km[mcW aebmfnbpsS ioes¯¸än ]ebnS¯pw ]cmaÀin¨p tI«n«pÅXp icnbmWtÃm F¶p bm{Xbv¡nSbn AXp t\cn«pIWvSt¸mÄ tXm¶n. IyqhnÂ\n¶p In«p¶ DXv]¶w Ign¨n«p \S¯p¶ Iem]cn]mSnIfpsS Zriy§Ä NneÀ ]IÀ¯n bp Syq_n C«ncn¡p¶Xpw IWvSn«pWvSv. F¶mÂ, AsXm¶pw _nhtdPkv tImÀ]tdjsâ I¨hSw XpS§nbXn\p tijapWvSmbn«pÅ {]Xn`mkaÃtÃm.

IpSn¨p t_m[wsI«p cm{Xn Dds¡ ]m«pw]mSn hgnbneqsS sX¶ns¯¶n t]mIp¶hscbpw CjvSanÃm¯hcpsS hoSn\p ap¶nse¯pt¼mÄ AXp ÇoeaÃm¯ ]mcUnbm¡n amäp¶hscbpw hgnbn X«nadnªv HmSbn hoWpInS¡p¶hscbpsams¡ sNdp¸wapXte IWvSn«pWvSv. F¶mÂ, jm¸nse aZy]m\cwKw kn\nabn Nn{XoIcn¡pt¼mgpw AX\pkcn¨p aZy]m\ ]mT§Ä kzPohnX¯n ]IÀ¯pt¼mgpw ]men¡p¶ IpSnbpsS ssieoIcn¡s¸« "sa¯tUmfPn' \½psS \m«pImÀ¡p am{Xw kz´amWv.

¥mkn Ht¶m ctWvSm s]Kv aZysamgn¨p _m¡n shÅw \nd¨p izmkw]nSn¨v HäbSn! jm¸nemsW¦n HSphnsemcp Noäpw ]äpsa¦nsemcp Xp¸pw. ASp¯ncn¡p¶ ]m{X¯nÂ\n¶Â]w "S¨nwKvkv' sXm«p \mhn hbv¡p¶tXmsS Iemis¡m«mbn. ]ns¶ Iemtaf XpS§pIbmbn.

Aev]wIqSn ]cnjvImcnbmb IpSnbs\bmWp kn\nabn AhXcn¸n¡p¶sX¦nÂ, cWvSp s]Kv Hgn¨n«v sFkvIyq_v C«v ssÌem¡pw. F¶n«v Hä¸nSn¸ocpXs¶. Ipdª kabwsImWvSv IqSpX AI¯m¡n ^nämIm³ (AtXm A¬^ntäm) {ian¡p¶ coXn¡v "HmkvIÀ' DsWvS¦n AXp e`n¡pI \½psS \m«nse Cu Iem]cn]mSn¡mhpw. ^etam? kmaqlyhncp² s]cpamä§fnte¡pw IpSpw_kam[m\w XIÀ¡p¶ XÃpsImÅn¯c¯nte¡papÅ thj¸IÀ¨.

Cu {]iv\¯nte¡mWp cRvPn¯nsâ kv]ncnäv hncÂNqWvSp¶Xv. taml³emensâ IYm]m{Xamb cLp\µ³ AanX aZy]m\mkànaqew _u²nIþam\knI Xe§fn A]`rwi]mXbnte¡p hgpXnhogp¶Xp hnImc\nÀ`camb cwK§fneqsSbmWp hc¨pIm«p¶Xv. AXpey{]Xn`bmbn«pw hnImc\nb{´Ww AbmÄ¡v Akm[yamIp¶p, Xocpam\saSp¡Â sXämb coXnbnemhp¶p. icnbpw sXäpw \nÀWbn¡p¶Xn ]nghp ]äp¶p. sshImcnI {]XnIcW§Ä AXncphn«pt]mIp¶p. Chsbms¡ AbmfpsS kmaqly_Ô§fn hnÅepIÄ hogv¯p¶p. F{X Iem]cambpw hnizk\obhpambn«mWp kwhn[mbI³ Ah Nn{XoIcn¨n«pÅXv!

cLp\µsâbpw aocbpsSbpw Zm¼Xy_Ôw XIÀ¶Xpw aZy]m\¯nsâ ]mÀiz^eamsW¶ ktµiw hywKysa¦nepw hyàamWv. Chsbms¡¯s¶bmWp aZymkàn¡v ASnas¸Sp¶ FÃmhcnepw kw`hn¡pIsb¶p cRvPn¯v `wKy´tcW NqWvSn¡m«p¶p.

Hcp kplr¯v Ah[n¡p \m«nse¯nbt¸mÄ GXm\pw kl]mTnIsf kXvIcn¡m³ tlm«ente¡p Im«ns¡mWvSpt]mbXv HmÀahcp¶p. _mÀtlm«embncp¶XpsImWvSv aZyw HmÀUÀ sN¿m³ FÃmhcpw AXypÕmlw Im«n. AcaWn¡qdn\pÅn AI¯m¡nbXv 12,000 cq]bpsS aZyambncp¶p. 'H¯pIn«nbXtà X«ntb¡mw' F¶ a«n IpSn¨v \mhv Ipgªv, H¨¸mSpWvSm¡n, dÌdânencp¶ kIescbpw shdp¸n¨v, t]cn\p `£Whpw AI¯m¡n kulrZkt½f\w ]ncnªp. hntij§Ä ]¦ph¨p \à `£Ww kzmtZmsS Ign¨p kt´mjt¯msSbpw kwXr]vXntbmsSbpw ]ncntbWvS kplrZvkwKaamWp aZy]m\mkànbn IpfwtXmWvSnbXv.

A[zm\n¨pWvSm¡p¶Xpw ISwhm§p¶Xpw Cc¶phm§p¶XpsaÃmw aZy¯n\mbn sNehgn¨p hyànPohnXhpw IpSpw_PohnXhpw \cIXpeyam¡p¶ aWnb³ F¶ IYm]m{Xs¯ cRvPn¯v AhXcn¸n¡pt¼mÄ \½psS tIcfob kmlNcy¯nsâ ]cntÑZamhpIbmWXv. cLp\µ³ "tjm Z kv]ncnän' ]dbp¶Xpt]mse, At\I tImSnIfpsS em`w kÀ¡mcn\p t\Sns¡mSp¡p¶ _nkn\kv km{amPy¯nsâ s]cpw`Þmcw \ndbv¡p¶hcn HcmÄ þ aWnb³. \n§fmWbmÄ.

_nhtdPkv tImÀ]tdj³ tÌmdn\p ap¶n Iyq \n¡p¶ F{Xtbm t]cpsS {]Xn_nw_amWXv. AhcpsSsbms¡ `mcyamcpw Ip«nIfpw A\p`hn¡p¶ am\knIhyYIÄ aWnbsâ IpSpw_Zriy§fneqsS t{]£Ia\knte¡p kw{Ian¸n¡m³ IgnªXmWp Nn{X¯nsâ t\«w. IemImcs\bpw _p²nPohnsbbpw ]Wn¡mcs\bpw ]WnbnÃm¯hs\bpw Hcpt]mse hcnªpapdp¡p¶ h³hn]¯mbn aZy]m\mkànsb AhXcn¸n¨ncn¡p¶ kv]ncnäv a\xkm£nsb t\mhn¡p¶ Nne tNmZy§fpw DbÀ¯p¶p.

Sn\n tSmansâ _mÀ Aä³UÀ cLp\µt\mSv D¶bn¡p¶ tNmZyw kpt_m[apÅhsâ am{Xw hnthIamWv. "kmdnt¸mÄ As©®ambn. Ct¸mt¸mbn B {]iv\¯nenSs]StWm?' AXn\p sNhnsImSp¡msX {]iv\§Ä krãn¨ AbmtfmSp ]dbp¶tXm? "km[mcWKXnbn AXp sN¿p¶Xn\p ap¼p kmsdm¶v BtemNn¡pw. B BtemN\bmWv kvtamfnsâ tate CÃmWvSmhp¶Xv.' HSphn tNmZn¡p¶, "CXn§s\ F{XImew t]mIpw kmtd?'’F¶ Nm«pfn Ipdn¡psImÅp¶Xpambn. "X¶n \ndbp¶, X¶nÂ\n¶p {]kcn¡p¶, kvt\ls¯¡mÄ D·mZZmbnbmb asämcp elcnbpw Bcpw C¶phsc Hcp Ip¸nbnepw \nd¨n«nÃ.' þ cLp\µsâ B `cXhmIyw kv]ncnäv F¶ Nn{X¯n\v Bib]camb ]qÀWXtbIpIbpw sNbvXp.

t\ct¯ AWbp¶ acWt¯mfsa¯mhp¶ aZy]m\mkànsb tcmKambn ]cnKWn¨p NnInÕnt¡WvSXnsâ A\nhmcyXsb¸än Nn´n¡m³ iàambn t{]cn¸n¡p¶, kv]ncnän\p aZy¯ns\Xncmb {]NmcW§Ä¡p t\XrXzw \ÂIp¶ {]Øm\§fpw kwLS\Ifpw F´psImWvSv Hcp AhmÀUv \ÂIp¶Xns\¸än Nn´n¨nà F¶v AZv`pXw tXm¶n. kn\nabv¡v AhmÀUp \ÂIp¶ ]Xnhv X§Ä¡nà F¶v AhÀ Hcp]t£ ]dbpambncn¡pw.

F¶mÂ, AhÀ apdpsI¸nSn¡p¶ Hcp aqey¯nsâ {]kàn C{Xbpw Iem]cambpw Xo{hambpw kaqla[y¯n AhXcn¸n¨bmÄ¡v AwKoImcw \ÂIp¶Xv DNnXwXs¶bmWv. aZyhncp² {]hÀ¯\§sf t{]mÕmln¸n¡pt¼mÄ "dnbmIvSohv' BIp¶Xpt]mseXs¶ "t{]m BIvSohpw' BtIWvSXtÃ? AXtà AXnsâsbmcp kv]ncnäv!

tas¼mSn:

cWvSp aZy]·mÀ _mdnÂ\n¶nd§n ImtdmSn¨p ho«nte¡p aS§pIbmbncp¶p. AÂ]kabw Ignªt¸mÄ HcmÄ Dds¡ Aedn: ""Zm hWvSn aXnen CSn¡m³t]mIp¶p. thKw hWvSn \nÀs¯Sm.'' ImÀ iànbmbn aXnenenSn¨p cWvSpt]cpw Bip]{Xnbnembn. ASp¯Znhkw cmhnse H¶ma³ kplr¯nt\mSp ]dªp: ""aXnen hWvSnbnSn¡m³ t]mIps¶¶p Rm³ Aednhnfn¨p ]dªXm. Xm³ tI«nÃ.''

kplr¯v ]dªp:, ""AXn\p Xm\tà ImtdmSn¨ncp¶Xv.''



kÀ¡mÀ Adnbp¶Xn\v...
13

hn
Ik\]mXbn AXnthKw k©cn¡m³ sh¼Â sImÅp¶ tIcf¯nsâ ]ptcmKXnbnte¡pÅ {]bmWs¯ {]XnIqeambn _m[n¡p¶ Nne {]iv\§Ä kwØm\¯p¶ GsXmcp kµÀiIsâbpw Zrãnbn AXnthKw ]Xnbpw. ]cnNnXambn¡gnª AhtbmSp tcmjt¯msSsb¦nepw s]mcp¯s¸Sm\pw \ne\nev]n\pÅ s]mcpXensâ `mKambn kzbwIrX ]cnlmcw IsWvS¯m\pw {ian¡p¶ aebmfnIÄ C{Xbpta AÀln¡p¶ptÅm F¶ tNmZyw {]kàamWv. Zo]nIbn "AIse, AcnsI' F¶ ]wàn FgpXm³ XpS§nbtijw BZyambn \m«nse¯nbt¸mÄ CXn\pap¼p ]cmaÀin¨ kmlNcy§Ä F§s\ XpScp¶p F¶p hnebncp¯Wsa¶ kzm`mhnI t{]cWbpWvSmbn. tIcf¯nse GXm\pw \Kc§fneqsS bm{X sNbvXt¸mÄ AXnXo{h{]iv\§fmbn hfÀ¶pIgnªn«pÅ \mep Imcy§fmWp {][m\ambn {i²bnÂs¸«Xv.

{Sm^nIv

H¶mat¯Xv, kvt^mS\mßIamb ØnXnhntij¯nse¯n\n¡p¶p F¶p ]dbm³ X¡hn[w cq£ambncn¡p¶p kwØm\s¯ {Sm^nIv. tIcf¯nsâ hmWnPy XeØm\ambn amdnbncn¡p¶ sIm¨nbnemWXv Gähpw A]ISIcamb cq]¯nse¯nbn«pÅXv. AtX ØnXnXs¶bmhpw Gsd¡psd aäp \Kc§fnepw. CSp§nb tdmUpIfn hml\§fpsS B[nIywaqew A\p`hs¸Sp¶ izmkwap«n¡p¶ {Sm^nIv Ipcp¡p am{Xaà {]iv\w. {Sm^n¡nse A¨S¡cmlnXyamWv AXoh Kuchambn ]cnKWnt¡WvSXv. lukv^pÄ Bb Xnbädnse tjm Ignªp Xn§n\ndªv BfpIÄ Cd§nhcp¶Xpt]mse tdmUpIfneqsS {Sm^nIv \o§pI H«pw A`nejWobaÃ. sse³ A¨S¡anÃmsX, e`yamb ]gpXpIfneqsSsbÃmw \pgªpIbdnt¸mIp¶ hml\§fpw \qenSbpsWvS¦n AXneqsS sRcp§n\o§p¶ ImÂ\S¡mcpw tNÀ¶p krãn¡p¶ AcmPIXzkmlNcyw ChnsSbÃmsX asämcp cmPy¯pw DWvSmIm\nSbnÃ.

Xnc¡pÅ tdmUn adphit¯bv¡p t]mIm³ bmsXmcp {Sm^nIv knáepanÃmsX shdpsX Xpd¶n«ncn¡p¶ hgn. Xn§n\ndªphcp¶ hml\§fpsS Iq«¯n NneXv, thÀXncn¨ tSWnwKv sse³ CÃmsX, B hgn¡p Xncnbm³ Im¯p\nev¡pt¼mÄ ]n¶nse hml\§Ä¡pWvSmIp¶ _p²nap«v. XXv^eambn A£acmb ss{UhÀamÀ apg¡p¶ tlm¬. \nhr¯nbnÃmsX adphis¯ {Sm^n¡ns\ AhKWn¨p XncnbpIbpw A]ISw £Wn¨phcp¯pIbpw sN¿p¶ hml\§Ä. CXv Hcp tdmUnse Hcp `mK¯p am{XapÅ {]Xn`mkaÃ. FÃm \Kc§fnepw FÃm tdmUpIfnepw ØnXn CXpXs¶.

CtX¸än C{XbpsagpXn \nÀ¯mambncp¶p. ]t£, AXpsImsWvS´pImcyw? \m«pImcpsS kpc£sbbpw Pohsâ aqeys¯bpw IcpXn Nne tNmZy§Ä tNmZn¡m³ \nÀ_ÔnX\mbnt¸mIp¶p. _lpam\s¸« hIp¸p a{´o, CsXmcn¡epw A§p ImWmdntÃ? FkvtImÀ«pw ss]eäv hml\hpw Hgnhm¡n kzbtam ss{Uhsd ht¨m sIm¨nbnse \nc¯phgn Xm¦sfm¶p k©cn¡ptam? tIcf¯nepS\ofw A\p`hs¸Sp¶ {Sm^nIv {]iv\¯n\p ]cnlmcw ImWm³ Xm¦fpsS hIp¸nse DtZymKØ·mÀ¡p IgnhnÃm¯XmtWm AtXm AhcpsS \nÀtZi§Ä _[ncIÀW§fn ]Xn¡p¶XmtWm Ct¸mgs¯ ØnXnhntij¯n\p ImcWw? Hcp]t£, {]iv\]cnlmc¯n\p hnhn[ hIp¸pIfpsS GtIm]\w Bhiyambncn¡mw. AXn\mbn kXzcw \o§m³ Xm¦Ä ap³ssIsbSpt¡WvSXtÃ? CXn§s\ F{X\mÄ kvt^mS\mßIamb ØnXnbn XÅn\o¡m\mhpw?

hIp¸nse DtZymKØ·mcpsS akvXnjvI¯n Cu {]iv\¯n\p ]cnlmcansæn hnIknXcmPy§fn {Sm^nIv kwhn[m\w F§s\ ssIImcyw sN¿ps¶¶p t\cn«p ]Tn¡pIbpw AhnSs¯ {Sm^nIv hIp¸pambn _Ôs¸«p hnZKv[cpsS tkh\w e`yam¡pIbpw sNbvXpIqtS? tIcf¯nse tdmU]IS§fpsS kwJy `bm\Iamwhn[w hÀ[n¡p¶ dnt¸mÀ«pIÄ Xm¦fpw hIp¸pw ImWp¶ntÃm? CXn\p ]cnlmcw ImtWWvS D¯chmZnXzw inckmhln¨psImWvSmWp Xm¦Ä a{´nbmbn kXy{]XnÚsbSp¯sX¶v Adnbm¯XmtWm? \mSpw \m«pImcpw B D¯chmZnXz\nÀhlWw Xm¦fnÂ\n¶p {]Xo£n¡p¶pWvSv.

amen\yw

tIcf¯nse kÀha\pjycpsSbpw ]t©{µnb§fneqsS DÅnte¡p Xpf¨pIbdp¶ amen\y{]fbamWp cWvSmaXmbn A\p`hs¸« Xo{h{]iv\w. kÀham[ya§fpw hmÀ¯IfneqsSbpw apJ{]kwK¯neqsSbpsams¡ \nc´cw ]cmaÀin¡p¶ hnjbw. kÀ¡mcnsâ {ia§fmIs« hnf¸nÂimebnsebpw hShmXqcnsebpsams¡ amen\y\nt£]§fn X«n\n¡p¶p. amen\y§Ä DÛhØm\¯pXs¶ thÀXncn¡m\pw XcwXncn¨p \nÀamÀP\w sN¿m\papÅ \nÀtZi§sfÃmw ]Xn¡p¶Xp hoWvSpw _[ncIÀW§fnÂXs¶.

hnIknXcmPy§fnse amXrIbn imkv{Xob amÀK§Ä kzoIcn¡m\pw hnhn[ kzbw`cW tI{µ§sf AXn\p kÖam¡m\pw kÀ¡mcnsâbÃmsX BcpsS CÑmiànbmWp {]hÀ¯nt¡WvSXv?

AgnaXn

amdnamdnhcp¶ kÀ¡mcpIÄ ]c¼cmKXamsb¶hn[w CSapdnbmsX XpSÀ¶pt]mcp¶ AgnaXnbmWp aq¶mat¯Xv. kÀ¡mcnsâ FÃm hIp¸pItfmSpw _Ôs¸Sp¯n AgnaXn¡YIÄ ]pd¯ph¶psImWvSncn¡p¶p. Gähpw ]pXpXmbn sIm¨n sat{SmbpsS {]hÀ¯\hpambn _Ôs¸«v AgnaXnKÔw s]mXpkaql¯n ]Scp¶Xpw cmjv{Sob¡mcpsSbpw DtZymKØcpsSbpanSbnepÅ [\mÀP\XzcbpsS ^eambn«t{X. GXp ]²Xn XpS§nbmepw \nÝnXiXam\w X§Ä¡p In«ntbXocq F¶ imTyw Cu cWvSpIq«À¡papsWvS¶ t_m[yw s]mXpP\¯n\pÅXmWp tIcf¯nse ]²XnItfmsSÃmw _Ôs¸«p hnhmZ§Ä DSseSp¡m³ apJyImcWw.

ap³ kÀ¡mcnsâ `cWImes¯ AgnaXnIÄs¡Xntc hnPne³kv At\zjWhpw \S]SnIfpsaSp¡m³ ]Xnhn\p hn]coXambn Ct¸mgs¯ kÀ¡mÀ apXncp¶Xp ipt`mZÀ¡amWv. ASp¯ kÀ¡mÀ hcpt¼mÄ Ct¸mgs¯ kÀ¡mcnse ]ecpw AI¯mIpsa¶ {]Xn]£`ojWnbpw \ÃXpXs¶. ]t£, AgnaXn¡XoXambn Imcy£aXtbmsS {]hÀ¯nt¡WvShcmWp kÀ¡mcpw DtZymKØcpsa¶ t_m[yw C\n F¶mWmthm DWvSmhpI?

\nba]me\w

ap³]dª aq¶p {]iv\§sfbpw t\cnSm\pw ]cnlcn¡m\pw klmbIamtIWvS \nbaþ {Iakam[m\]me\ hyhØnXnbpsS Imcy£aXmcmlnXyamWp \memas¯ A]ISIcamb ØnXnhntijw. B`y´chIp¸p a{´nbpw apJya{´nbpw InWªp ]cn{ian¡pt¼mgpw Ipäaä \nba]me\w Ct¸mgpw acoNnIXs¶. DZmlcW¯n\p {Sm^nIv \nbaewL\§Ä. \½psS sslthIfn NnebnS¯p ImadIÄ Øm]n¨n«pWvStÃm. B `mKs¯¯pt¼mÄ hml\§Ä kv]oUv \nb{´Ww ]men¡p¶pWvSv. \nbaewL\w IÀi\ambn t\cnSpIbpw (FSm t]mSm hnfn¨psImWvSmIcptX {]nb \nba]meItc) ss^³ CuSm¡pIbpw sNbvXm \nbaewL\w IpdbpIbpw kÀ¡mcn\p hcpam\hpamIpw sN¿pw. DtZymKØcpsS Ioibnte¡p Imipt]mImXncn¡m³ AhÀ ss^³ hm§p¶ coXn Hgnhm¡pIbmWp thWvSXv. hntZi§fnset¸mse, Sn¡äp sImSp¡pI am{Xta AhcpsS tPmenbmImhq.

IpäIrXy§Ä¡p t]meokv AdÌv sNbvXp tÌj\nse¯n¡p¶hsc tamNn¸n¡ms\¯p¶ cmjv{Sob t\Xm¡sf¸änbpÅ hmÀ¯IÄ Bscbpw eÖn¸n¡pw. CSXp]£ kÀ¡mcnsâ Ime¯p km[mcWambncp¶ Cu {Inan\ \S]Sn bpUnF^v kÀ¡mcnsâ Ime¯pw \S¡p¶Xv A£´hyamWv. t]meokv tÌj\n Ip¯nbncn¸ns\¯p¶ cmjv{Sob t\Xm¡sf k½ÀZ cmjv{Sob¯n\XoXambn \nba]cambn t\cnSpIXs¶ thWw.

\hw_dnse Hcp {]`mX¯n ]{X§Ä {]Xy£s¸«Xv apJy`cWI£nbpsS bphP\hn`mKw Hcp t]meokpImcs\ hfªph¨p aÀZn¡p¶ Nn{Xhpambn«mWv. \nba]me\¯n\p kÀ¡mÀ \ntbmKn¨ncn¡p¶ B \nba]meIs\ aÀZn¨ [oc Ip«nt\Xm¡Äs¡Xntc Fs´¦nepw \S]Sn kzoIcn¨Xmbn ]{X§fn IWvSnÃ. \nba]me\¯n\p \nbpàcmIp¶hcpsS CÑmiànbpw Bßm`nam\hpw apdns¸Sp¯p¶, XXv^eambn IÀatijnbnÃm¯ t]meokv tk\bmbn Ahsc amäp¶, kmlNcyw krãn¡m³ A\phZn¡m³ ]mSpÅXÃ.

tas¼mSn:

\Kc¯nse¯nb HcmÄ Xsâ ImÀ ]mÀ¡v sN¿m³ Øesam¶pw ImWmsX HSphn Hcp tKän\p ap¶nepÅ sNdnb Kym¸n ]mÀ¡v sNbvXn«v ASp¯p\n¶bmtfmSp ]dªp, "kÀ, Cu Imsdm¶p t\m¡nt¡mtW. Rm³ cWvSp an\nän\pÅnse¯mw.'

"Xms\´mtSm hnNmcn¨Xv? Rm\nhnSps¯ knän I½ojWdmWv'.

"kmcanà kÀ, F¦nÂt¸mepw Rm³ Xm¦sf hnizknt¨mfmw.'



IrjnbpsS `mhn tImÀ]tdäntem tImþHm¸tdäohntem? þ12


GXm\pw amk§Ä¡p ap¼v ]{X§fn Hcp hmÀ¯ h¶Xp tIcf¯nse IÀjIcpsS a\kn Bi¦bpWÀ¯nbncn¡m³ CSbpWvSv. tImÀ]tdäv ^manwKv F¶ ]²Xn¡p tI{µ Irjna{´mebw amÀKtcJ ]pds¸Sphns¨¶pw AX\pkcn¨p Irjn¡v A\ptbmPyamb Øe§Ä IsWvS¯m³ tImÀ]tdäpIÄ¡v A\paXn \ÂInbncn¡p¶p F¶pambncp¶p B hmÀ¯. hmkvXh¯n AXp cWvSmbncmamWvSn C´ym Kh¬saâv {]Jym]n¨ tZiob ImÀjnI\b¯nsâ XpSÀ¨bmbncp¶p.

tImÀ]tdäv ^manwKv hgn Irjnbn kzImcy kwcw`Isc t{]mÕmln¸n¨p h¼n¨ ImÀjnI DXv]mZ\hÀ[\bv¡p Ifsamcp¡pIbmbncp¶p Kh¬saânsâ e£yw. IÀjIcnÂ\n¶p Irjn`qan tImÀ]tdäpIÄ hnebvt¡m ]m«¯nt\m hm§n IÀjIþ IÀjIs¯mgnemfn ]¦mfn¯t¯msS, B[p\nI kmt¦XnIhnZybpw b{´hXvIcWhpw \S¸m¡n h³tXmXn Irjnbnd¡m\pÅ ]²Xn¡mWp kÀ¡mÀ XpS¡an«Xv.

tImÀ]tdäv IrjncoXn¡v Ffp¸w hg§m¯ tIcf¯nse IrjnbnS§fn Cu ]²Xn A{]mtbmKnIsa¶p IcpXpsa¦nepw tPmk^v apcn¡sâ Imb¡rjnbpsS {]mtbmKnI_p²n a\knem¡nbpw Ip«\mS³ Irjn`qanIÄ tbmPn¸n¨p Irjnbnd¡m\pÅ ]²Xn Xbmdm¡nbpw h³ tImÀ]tdäpIÄ h¶pIqsS¶nÃ. Irjns¨ehpw Iqen¡qSpXepw aqew Irjn BZmbIcasöp a\knem¡p¶ IÀjIÀ X§fpsS IrjnØe§Ä AhÀ¡p XosdgpXn \ÂInsb¶pw hcmw. hm§p¶Xp h³ I¼\nIfmbXpsImWvSp Irjn BZmbIcamImsX h¶m AhcpsS t]m¡änsâ I\ap]tbmKn¨p kÀ¡mcpIsf kzm[o\n¨p ]n¡me¯p Irjn`qan aämhiy§Ä¡mbn amänsbSp¯mepw AZv`pXs¸Sm\nÃ. CsXms¡ \½psS \m«n kw`mhyamWv. Bd·pf hnam\¯mhf¯n\mbn F{X s]s«¶mWv FÃm ]cnØnXnhyhØIsfbpw hb \nI¯p¶Xns\XntcbpÅ \nba§sfbpw adnIS¶sX¶p t\m¡pI!

P¸m³ apXÂ B{Ô hsc

tImÀ]tdäv ^manwKv F¶ h³InS Irjn]²Xn¡p IpdªXv Adp]XphÀjs¯ ]g¡apWvSv. P¸m\nepw kvs]bn\nepw Atacn¡bnepsaÃmw 1950þXpIfpsS Bcw`¯nÂ, tIcf¯n\p kam\amb {]iv\§fpsS t]cnemWp tImÀ]tdäv ^manwKv XpS§nbXv. C´ybn ]©m_n s]]vkntImbpsS B`napJy¯n 1990þIfn tImÀ]tdäv ^manwKn\p XpS¡ambn. s]]vknbpsS äpamtäm sI¨¸v \nÀan¡m\mhiyamb X¡mfn h³tXmXn DXv]mZn¸n¡pIbmbncp¶p e£yw. Ct¸mgXv AhcpsS s]ms«täm Nn]vkn\pÅ Dcpf¡ng§nte¡p amdn. AhtcmsSm¸w C´ybnse aäp I¼\nIfpw ap¶n«nd§n _kpaXn Acn, tNmfw, ISe, apfIv, ]cp¯n F¶nhsbÃmw Irjn sN¿p¶p.

Cu amXrIbn Xangv\mSpw KpPdm¯pw IÀWmSIbpw B{ÔbpsaÃmw tImÀ]tdäv ^manwKnsâ hgntb \o§n. s\Ãpw tKmX¼pw ]¨¡dnbpsaÃmw h³tXmXn IrjnsN¿p¶ tImÀ]tdäv ^manwKns\ t{]mÕmln¸n¡m³ tI{µKh¬saâns\ t{]cn¸n¨Xv C´y `t£ymXv]mZ\¯n kzbw]cym]vXX t\SWsa¶pw `£yhn`h§Ä IbäpaXn sN¿m³ IgnbWsa¶papÅ e£yt¯msSbmWv.

Gähpw ]pXnb kmt¦XnIhnZybpsS ]n³_e¯nÂ, AXypXv]mZ\tijnbpÅ hn¯pIfpw sa¨s¸« hfhpw IoS\min\nbpw D]tbmKn¨p IrjnbpsS FÃm L«§fnepapÅ b{´hXvIcW¯neqsS IqSpX thK¯nepw Imcy£aXbnepw `£yhkvXp¡Ä DXv]mZn¸n¡m³ tZiobhpw A´ÀtZiobhpamb I¼\nIÄ¡p km[n¡psa¶ t_m[yamWp kÀ¡mcn\pÅXv. `£yhkvXp¡Ä¡v Atacn¡ t]mepÅ hnIknXcmPy§Ä¡p ap¼n ssI¡p¼nÄ \o«n\ns¶mcp `qXImew \ap¡pWvSmbncp¶p. AXnÂ\n¶p hn`n¶ambn, kz´w IrjnbnS§fn hÀ[n¨ hnfhpWvSm¡n temIcmjv{S§Ä¡p ap¼n \s«tÃmsS \nhÀ¶p\n¡m\pw kz´P\§Ä¡p t]mjImlmcw \ÂIm\pw AXoh XmXv]cyt¯msS ap¶n«nd§nb a³taml³knwKv kÀ¡mcnsâ taml\]²XnbmWnXv. ]t£, A`n\µ\obamb Cu kz]v\ho£W¯n\p ap¼n aäp Nne bmYmÀYy§fpw CXc cmPy§fpsS A\p`h§fpw AhKWn¡mXncp¶mte Cu kwcw`s¯ t\cmwh®w \nb{´n¨psImWvSpt]mIm\mhq.

A¼XpIfn Atacn¡bn tImÀ]tdäv ^manwKv hym]IambtXmsS At\Imbncw sNdpInS IÀjIÀ Ifsamgnªp. ]t£, `t£ymXv]mZ\¯n Atacn¡ temIcmjv{S§fpsS ap³]´nbnse¯nbXv Cu \qX\coXn aqeamWv. F¶mÂ, P\XbpsS XmXv]cy§fpw cmPyXmXv]cy§fpw ^e{]Zambn kwc£n¡m³ Kh¬saâv \S¯nb CSs]SepIÄ tImÀ]tdäpIfpsS Zpjv{]hWXIÄ¡p ISnªmWnSm³ ]cym]vXambncp¶p. ]t£, A{Xsbm¶pw \njvIÀjbnÃm¯ AhnIknX cmPy§fnte¡v CXp hym]n¡pt¼mÄ {]kvXpX IcpXepIfpw \S]SnIfpsaÃmw A{]Xy£amIpw.

DZmlcW¯n\v, tImÀ]tdäv ^manwKv XpS§nb ]©m_nepw aäp kwØm\§fnepw IÀjIÀ NqjW¯n\p hnt[bcmb A\p`h§Ä [mcmfapWvSmbn. hntZi I¼\nIfpw kztZinIfpsam¶pt]mse X§fpsS em`¯n am{XamWp XXv]ccmbncn¡pI. apXÂapS¡p¶ _nkn\kn em`apWvSm¡n¡qSm F¶p iTn¡p¶Xn AÀYanÃ. F¶mÂ, AtXmsSm¸w kmam\y\oXnbpw kmaqly{]Xn_²XbpwIqsS ]cnKWnt¡WvSXpWvSv.

{]tbmP\§Ä, {]iv\§Ä

IÀjIÀ X§fpsS Øe¯p I¼\n Bhiys¸Sp¶ Irjnbnd¡pIbpw I¼\n AXypXv]mZ\ tijnbpÅ hn¯pIfpw hnZKv[amb IrjncoXnbpsS kmt¦XnIhnZyIfpw \ÂIpIbpw ap³IqÀ \nÝbn¡p¶ hnebv¡p hnfhv hm§pIbpamWp tIm¬{SmÎv ^manwKnsâ km[mcW coXn. CXnsâ apJy{]tbmP\w henb BZmbanÃmbncp¶ Irjn`qanIfn B[p\nI coXnbnepÅ IrjncoXn kzoIcn¡p¶XpaqeapWvSmIp¶ h³ DXv]mZ\ hÀ[\bmWv. \Soepw hfanSoepw If\in¸n¡epw hnfshSp¸psaÃmw IrXykab¯p \S¯m³ Ignbp¶XpsImWvSp \ãw eLqIcn¡m\mhp¶p. hnfIÄ¡p \ymbamb hne e`n¡psa¶ Dd¸papWvSv. ImÀjnIhn`h§fpsS kwkvIcWhpw Dt]mXv]¶ DXv]mZ\hpwaqew hymhkmbnI ]ptcmKXnbpWvSmhpIbpw cmPy¯nsâ km¼¯nI hfÀ¨bv¡Xp ImcWamIpIbpw sN¿p¶p. CsXms¡bmWp Kh¬saâv ap¶n¡mWp¶Xv.
CXns\mcp adphiapÅXp ImWmXncp¶pIqSm. hnfhp hÀ[n¸n¡p¶Xn am{Xw a\kphbv¡p¶ I¼\nIÄ A\phZ\obaÃm¯ IoS\min\nIfpw hnfhpsams¡ D]tbmKn¡p¶Xp `£yhkvXp¡fpsS \nehmcs¯ _m[n¡pIbpw ]cnØnXnsb \in¸n¡pIbpw sN¿pw.

Htc IrjnXs¶ I¼\nIfpsS \nÀtZia\pkcn¨p XpSÀ¨bmbn sN¿pt¼mÄ a®nsâ KpWw Ipdbpw. `qKÀ`Pew IqSpXembn NqjWw sN¿p¶ {]hWXbpw ]ebnS¯pw {]ISamWv. ]©m_nepw aäp Øe§fnepapÅ IÀjIcpsS apJy]cmXn, hnfhpIÄ¡p KpW\nehmcansöv Btcm]n¨p I¼\nIÄ AhbpsS hne A\ymbambn Ipdbv¡p¶p F¶XmWv.

A¯csamcp kµÀ`¯n ]©m_v At{Km ^pUv s{Kbv³kv tImÀ]tdj³ t\cn«nSs]«v, I¼\nIÄ ssIsbmgnª hnfhp apgph³ hm§pIbpWvSmbn. Kh¬saâv iàambn CSs]Sp¶nsæn C¯cw ]e NqjW§fpapWvSmIpw. DtZymKØsc hi¯m¡m³ h³InS I¼\nIÄ¡v Ffp¸amsW¶Xp kphnZnXamWv. IÀjIÀ¡v B[p\nI IrjncoXnbpsS amÀK§Ä Hcp¡ns¡mSp¡m³thWvS Imcy£aXbpw km¼¯nI t{kmXkpw kÀ¡mcn\v CÃmsXhcpt¼mÄ ^e{]Zamb ]cnlmcw tImÀ]tdäpIsf B{ibn¡pIbmWv.

tIcf¯nÂ

tIcf¯nse ØnXn hfsc hn`n¶amWv. IpSpw_§fpsS DSaØXbnepÅ sNdnb IrjnbnS§Ä, temeamb ]cnØnXn, Ffp¸w XmdpamdmIm\nSbpÅ {]IrXn k´penXmhØ ChsbÃmw tImÀ]tdäv ^manwKv F¶ kz]v\¯n\p tbmPn¡m¯XmWv. Ct¸mįs¶ kz´em`¯n am{Xw I®phbv¡p¶ dnb FtÌäpImcpw hnIk\ aqSp]SaWnª _nkn\kpImcpwIqSn \m«nse Ip¶pIfpw \oÀ¯S§fpw \nc¸m¡p¶ ZuXyw `wKnbmbn \nÀhln¨phcp¶p. AhÀ¡v Ffp¸w hiwhZcmIp¶ DtZymKØcpw cmjv{Sob¡mcpapÅXpsImWvSp aämcpsSbpw tcmZ\§Ä¡p hnebpWvSmhnÃ.

Ip«\m«nsebpw ]me¡ms«bpw aäp s\ÃdIfnsebpw ]mS§Ä ImÀjnI hn¹h¯nsâ taml\hmKvZm\w \ÂIn ssI¡em¡m³ sh¼p¶ tImÀ]tdäpIÄ tIcfs¯ Xangv\mSnsâ `q{]IrXn¡p kam\am¡n amänbm hnkvabnt¡WvSXnÃ. F´mWnhnsS {]Xnhn[n? kÀ¡mÀ \nÀtZia\pkcn¨v, tImÀ]tdäv ^manwKn\v A\ptbmPyamb Øe§Ä IWvSp]nSn¨v IÀjIÀ¡p tamlhne \ÂIntbm Ahsc tIm¬{SmÎv ^manwKn\p t{]cn¸nt¨m IS¶pIbdpwap¼v Ip«\mSv hnIk\kanXn t]mepÅ s]mXpkwcw`§Ä klIcW IrjnbpsS \qX\kcWnbnte¡p htcWvSnbncn¡p¶p.

IpSpw_§fpsS DSaØXXbnepÅ ]mStiJc§Ä H¶n¨ptNÀ¯p k¼qÀW b{´hXvIcW¯n\v A\ptbmPyam¡n imkv{XobcoXnbn IrjnsNbvXp h³hnfhpWvSm¡p¶ IpXn¨pNm«¯n\p Xbmdmbmte c£bpÅq. Irjns¨ehpIfpw Iqen¡qSpXepw aqew Irjn A\mIÀjIamIp¶ kmlNcys¯ adnIS¡m³ hyXykvXambn Nn´nt¨ aXnbmhq. tImÀ]tdäpIÄ kzoIcn¡p¶ amÀK§sfÃmw, H¶n¨p {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ sNdpInS IÀjIcpsS tImþHm¸tdäohv hgn \S¸m¡pI. AXn\p t\XrXzw \ÂIp¶ ZuXytasäSp¡m³ cmjv{Sob¯nancw _m[n¡m¯ k¶²kwLS\Ifpw {]Øm\§fpw ap¶n«nd§pIbmWp thWvSXv.



ImÀjnI taJebn Ahiyw thWvSXp ]pXnb kao]\w
þ11

hfÀ¨bpsS {]iv\§Ä F¶p tIÄ¡pt¼mÄ Hcp]t£ \½psS a\kn hcnI Iuamc¡mcpsS {]iv\§fmImw. FÃm hfÀ¨IÄ¡pw AXXnsâ {]iv\§fpWvSv. C´y s]mXpshbpw tIcfw {]tXyIn¨pw Ct¸mÄ t\cn«psImWvSncn¡p¶Xpw hfÀ¨bpsS {]iv\§fmWv.

]gIn ]cnNbn¨ coXnIfnÂ\n¶pw ioe§fnÂ\n¶psams¡ hyXykvXambpw thK¯nepw kw`hn¨psImWvSncn¡p¶ ]ptcmKXn krãn¡p¶ {]iv\§tfmSp s]mcp¯s¸Sm³ ]eÀ¡pamIp¶nÃ. hninjym, ]ptcmKa\mßI hnjb§fnseÃmw A¼XphÀjw ]n¶nemsW¦nepw ap³]´nbnse¶p ta\n\Sn¡p¶ CSXp]£ {]Xybimkv{X¡mÀ¡pw AhcpsS ASnbmf·mcmb kmwkvImcnI t\Xm¡Ä¡pw ]pXnbh H¶nt\mSpw s]mcp¯s¸Sm\mhm¯XpsImWvSv F´ns\bpw FXnÀ¡p¶ Ac£nXt_m[¯n F¯nbncn¡pIbmWhÀ.

asäÃm cwK§fnepsa¶t]mse ImÀjnItaJebnepw hfÀ¨bpsS {]iv\§Ä tIcfan¶p t\cn«psImWvSncn¡p¶p. IpSpw_§fpsS DSaØXbnepÅ ]mStiJc§fn AhÀ IÀjIs¯mgnemfnIfpsS klIcWt¯msS Irjn sNbvXv, {]IrXnbpsS Xmfa\pkcn¨p hnfshSp¯v, {]Xn^eambn "]Xw' \evIn, hnfhp If¸pcbn tiJcn¨v, kzbap]tbmKn¨pw hnev]\ \S¯nbpw Ignªncp¶ Imew ]gabpsS HmÀa¡pdn¸p am{XamWnt¸mÄ. tIcf¯nse IÀjIscÃmw, {]tXyIn¨v Ip«\m«nse IÀjIÀ, F{Xtbm hÀj§fmbn IrjnbpsS {]iv\§sf¸än hymIpes¸Sp¶p!

Cu {]XnkÔnbnÂ, Nn´mioeapÅ NneÀ D¶bn¡ps¶mcp tNmZyapWvSv. "C¶s¯ kmlNcy¯n s\¡rjn BZmbIcam¡n sImWvSpt]mhpI km[yamtWm?' Ip«\m«nse IÀjIcpsS ]cmXnIsfÃmw {]kàamsW¦nepw Ahsbms¡ ]cnlcn¨psImSp¯p s\¡rjn BZmbIcam¡n amäm³ GsX¦nepw kÀ¡mcn\mhptam? kÀ¡mÀ k_vknUnbpw aäpw XmXvImenI ap«pim´nbmbn \nÀtZin¡msa¦nepw AsXm¶pw imizX]cnlmcamhnsöp [\Imcy hnZKv[À¡dnbmw. At¸mĸns¶ IÀjIÀ Irjnbpt]£n¨p kz´w Øew dnb FtÌäpImÀ¡v ASnbdhbv¡p¶Xn AZv`pXanÃ.

Atacn¡bnse ^vtfmdnUbn BZmbIcaÃm¯ Hmd©v tXm«§Ä dnb FtÌäpImÀ hm§n hoSpIÄh¨p hnev]\ \S¯p¶Xpt]mse ssIImcyw sN¿mhp¶Xà tIcf¯nse s\¸mS§Ä \nI¯p¶ {]iv\w. Atacn¡bn s\¡rjn sN¿p¶nS¯p I\mepIfneqsSbpw henb ss]¸pIfneqsSbpw Pesa¯n¡p¶XnÂ\n¶p hn`n¶ambn tIcf¯nse, {]tXyIn¨p Ip«\m«nse, IrjnØe§Ä Pemib§tfmSp tNÀ¶pÅhbmWtÃm. AhnSs¯ Irjn`qan \nI¯n Ic`qanbm¡nbm AXp ]cnØnXnsbbpw \½psS BhmkhyhØsbbpamWp XInSwadn¡p¶Xv. A§s\bmbm ]ns¶ C¶s¯ \nebnepÅ Ip«\mSpWvSmhnÃ. kao]¯pÅ N§\mticnbpw tIm«bhpw t]msemcp Ic`qantb AhnsSbpWvSmhq. ImbepIfpw BdpIfpw tXmSpIfpw hänhcWvS Ip«\mSns\¸än Nn´n¡m\mhptam? s\¡rjn Dt]£n¨p ]mS§fpw Pemib§fpw \nI¯n dnb FtÌäv _nkn\kv s]mSn]qcam¡nbm AXmhpw A´na^ew.

U¨v Unkokv

hn¯n\pw hf¯n\pw IoS\min\nIÄ¡pw hne hÀ[n¡p¶p. ImemhØbpsSbpw aäp {]XnIqeLSI§fpsSbpw {]XnkÔnIÄaqew Irjns¨ehp ZpÀhlamIp¶p. AXnep]cn IÀjIs¯mgnemfnIsf In«m\nÃm¯Xpw ]Wn¡qen {IamXoXambn hÀ[n¨XpamWp Ip«\m«nse {]iv\w k¦oÀWam¡p¶Xv. tIcf¯nse ImÀjnI{]iv\§sf A]{KYn¡p¶ FÃm KthjW]T\§fpw dnt¸mÀ«pIfpw hyàambn NqWvSn¡m«p¶XmWv ChnSs¯ kmaqlyhyhØnXnbnÂh¶ncn¡p¶ amä¯nsâ AebSn ImÀjnIcwK¯p sNep¯p¶ BLmXw. "ku¯v Gjym C¡tWmanIv tPÀWenÂ' ]n. _meIrjvW³ {]Xn]mZn¡p¶ "U¨v Unkokv' F¶ {]Xn`mkw tIcf¯nse Irjnsb hfsctbsd _m[n¨n«pWvSv.

tlmfWvSn {]IrXnhmXIw IsWvS¯nbtXmsS AhnSs¯ DXv]mZ\taJebn amµyw kw`hn¨Xpt]mse, Bbnc¯nsXmÅmbnc¯nFgp]XpIfpsS Bcw`¯n s]t{Smfnbw DXv]¶§Ä¡p hne hÀ[n¡pIbpw KÄ^v taJe h³ km¼¯nI IpXn¸nte¡p IS¡pIbpw sNbvXt¸mÄ tIcf¯nÂ\n¶v AhnSs¯ \nÀamWcwKt¯¡pWvSmb, a\pjytijnbpsS h³ ]IÀ¨ tIcf¯nse sXmgnÂtaJesb BIam\w {]XnIqeambn _m[n¨p. a\pjyhn`htijnsb Imcy£aambn D]tbmKn¡m³thWvS ¹m\nwKv CÃmcp¶ \½psS kwØm\¯n\Xv h¼n¨ hntZi\mWy hcpam\amÀKambn amdnsb¦nepw tIcf¯nsâ hnIk\km[yXIsf Xs¶bmWv AXp XInSwadn¨Xv.

AXnsâ A\´c^eambmWv ImÀjnIcwK¯p sXmgnemfnIsf In«m\nÃm¯ AhØ kwPmXambXpw IqenhÀ[\bpWvSmbXpw. ]«W§fnse hym]mcØm]\§fnepw sXmgnÂimeIfnepsams¡ tPmen¡msc Bhiyambnh¶t¸mÄ Ip«\m«nse tNdnepw sNfnbnepw shbnepw agbptaäp ]WnsNbvXm e`n¡p¶Xnt\¡mÄ sa¨s¸« i¼fw `wKnbmbn DSps¯mcp§ns¨¶p tPmen sNbvXp hm§msa¶ ØnXnbpapWvSmbn. C§s\ Irjn¸WnIÄ¡p sNehpIqSnbXn\v B\p]mXnIambn s\Ãn\p hne hÀ[n¨nÃ; hÀ[n¸n¡pI {]mtbmKnIhpaÃ.

thdn« Nn´

Cu hnjahr¯¯nÂ\n¶p ]pd¯pIS¡Wsa¦n hyXykvXambn Nn´nt¨ Xocq. "Thinking out of the box’’ F¶v Cw¥ojnsemcp sNmÃpWvStÃm. ]XnhpcoXnIfnÂ\n¶p thdn«p Nn´n¡p¶ krãyp·pJamb kao]\s¯bmWv AXneqsS Dt±in¡p¶Xv. A§s\ Nn´n¨ncp¶ NneÀ tIcf¯n ap³Ime¯p hn¹hIcamb amä§Ä¡p Ifsamcp¡nbn«pWvSv. "Imb cmPmhv' F¶p hntijn¸n¡s¸« tPmk^v apcn¡\mWv AXnsemcmÄ. cWvSmbnc¯ntesd G¡À ImbÂ\new thÀXncns¨Sp¯v ISÂ\nc¸n\p Xmsg Irjnbnd¡n, C¶p sIm«ntLmjn¡p¶ tImÀ]tdäv ^manwKnt\¡mÄ Imcy£aambn ImÀjnI hfÀ¨bnte¡p Ip«\mSns\ \bn¡m³ bXv\n¨ bYmÀY "hnj\dn' AYhm krãyp·pI a\knsâ DSabmbncp¶p At±lw. Nn¯nc, amÀ¯mÞw, dmWn F¶o ImbÂ\ne§Ä cmPIpSpw_¯n\p _lpaXn \evIp¶ \ma§Ä am{XaÃ, tIcf¯nse B[p\nI ho£W¯nsâ ]cymbwXs¶bmWv.

tIcf¯nse ImÀjnItaJebn AXnhn¹hIcsa¶p hntijn¸n¡s¸« Ncn{X]camb amä¯n\p Ifsamcp¡nbXp `q]cnjvIcW \nbaambncp¶p. P·nXzhyhØnXnbpw NqjWhpw Ahkm\n¸nt¡WvSXp Ncn{X]camb Bhiyambncps¶¦nepw ZoÀLho£WanÃmsX Irjn`qan sh«napdn¡s¸Sp¶ coXnbn \S¸m¡nb `q]cn[n_nÃpw an¨`qan hnXcWhpw tIcf¯nsâ ImÀjnI hfÀ¨sbbmWp sh«n\pdp¡nbXv.

Ip«\m«nse IrjntbmSpw PohnXkmlNcy§tfmSpw _Ôs¸« {]iv\§sfÃmw Ip«\mSv hnIk\kanXnbpsS kmcYnbmb ^m. tXmakv ]oenbm\n¡Â \nc´cw kÀ¡mcnsâ ap¶n \nc¯pt¼mÄ AhnSs¯ Ct¸mgs¯ ZpchØbpsS asämcp \nklmbamb tcmZ\ambn ]cnWan¡pIbmWv AXpw. Bhiy§sfÃmw kÀ¡mÀ km[n¨psImSp¯mepw ap³]dª kmlNcy§Ä \ne\nev¡p¶nSt¯mfwImew Irjn BZmbIcam¡pI ZpjvIcamhpw. F¶mÂ, If¯n\p ]pd¯p amdn\n¶p Nn´n¡m³ tXmak¨\pw kl{]hÀ¯Icpw Xbmdmbm AXp ImÀjnI D¶Xnbnte¡pÅ krãn]camb NphSphbv]mIpw.

sXmgnemfnIfpsS ZuÀe`yhpw Iqen¡qSpXepw apJy{]Xn_Ôambncn¡p¶ C¶s¯ kmlNcy¯n IrjncoXnbnsemcp kaqe]cnhÀ¯\¯n\p apXncpIbmWp thWvSXv. ]c¼cmKX IrjncoXnhn«p, Irjn`qan Hcp¡Â, hnXbv¡Â, If\in¸n¡Â, hfanSoÂ, sImbv¯v, saXn, s\Ãpkw`cWw ChsbÃmw k¼qÀWambn b{´hXvIcn¡pItb c£mamÀKapÅq F¶ {]mtbmKnI Nn´bpWvSmhWw. ImÀjnIcwKs¯ imkv{XobcoXnIÄ hnIknXcmPy§fnÂ\n¶p ISsaSp¯v AXypXv]mZ\tijnbpÅ hn¯pIfpw ]cnØnXn¡p tbmPn¡p¶ IoS\min\nIfpw hfhpw D]tbmKn¡m\pÅ Xpd¶ a\kpw DuÀPkzeXbpapWvSmIWw.

CsXm¶pw \S¸mIm³ t]mIp¶nà F¶p hn[n¡m³ hcs«. hfÀ¨bpsS {]mcw`L«¯n km[mcW¡mÀ¡p tXm¶p¶ hnLv\Nn´bmWXv. sNdnb ]mStiJc§fmbn IpSpw_§fpsS DSaØXbn hn`Pn¡s¸«pInS¡p¶ IrjnØe§Ä ]qÀWamb b{´hXvIcW¯n\p hg§p¶Xà F¶v BÀ¡pw hyàamIpw. ChnsSbmWp apcn¡³ ImWn¨ {]Xn`mhnemkw tXmak¨\p thWvSnhcp¶Xv þ hn]peambn Nn´n¡pI.

C¶p hnIknXcmPy§fnepw ]©m_v, B{Ô, Xangv\mSv XpS§nb kwØm\§fnepw \S¸m¡nbn«pÅ tImÀ]tdäv ^manwKv F¶ BibamWp \nÀtZin¡p¶sX¶p Nn´nt¡WvS. ]t£, sNdp]mStiJc§Ä H¶n¨p _Ôn¸n¨v, B[p\nI IrjncoXnIfpw b{´hXvIcWhpw ka\zbn¸n¨p IrjnsN¿p¶ klIcW kwbpà kwcw`s¯¸än KuchIcambn Nn´nt¡WvSnbncn¡p¶p.

\¡m¸n¨¡mbn kÀ¡mcnsâ ap¶n tIgp¶Xn\p]Icw C§s\sbmcp \qX\ kcWn sh«n¯pd¡p¶Xn\pthWvS t{]mPIvSv dnt¸mÀ«v hnZKv[·mcpsS klmbt¯msS Xbmdm¡n kÀ¡mcn\p kaÀ¸n¡pIbpw t\SnsbSp¡p¶Xphsc hnSmsX ]pdtI \nev¡pIbpamWp thWvSXv. A´mcmjv{S kanXnIfnÂ\n¶v CXn\pthWvS kmt¦XnIklmbw Xcs¸Sp¯n¯cm³ amÀK\nÀtZiw \evIm³ IgnhpÅ anSp¡·mcmb bph DtZymKØ·mÀ \ap¡pWvSv. Ahscbpw IqsS¡q«pI.

F´mWnXnsâ ASp¯]Sn? tImÀ]tdäv ^manwtKm tImþHm¸tdäohv ^manwtKm? ZoÀLho£Wt¯msS Nn´nt¡WvS hnjbamWXv.

AIse AcnsI (IqSpX teJ\§Ä hmbn¡m³ ChnsS ¢n¡psN¿pI)



Site created by and maintained by Rashtra Deepika Ltd.