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jmthknsâ acWw: IÀZn\mÄkwLw A\ptimNn¨p

^m. sFkIv Bcn¡m¸nÅn knFwsF

h¯n¡m³ knän: sh\tkze³ {]knUâv lyqtKm jmthknsâ acW¯n A\ptimNn¨v IÀZn\mÄ kwLw ktµiw Ab¨p. ]pXnb amÀ]m¸bpsS sXcsªSp¸pambn _Ôs¸«v h¯n¡m\n \S¡p¶ IÀZn\mÄamcpsS tbmKamWv A\ptimN\ ktµiw ]mkm¡n Ab¨Xv. IÀZn\mÄ kwL¯nsâ Uo³ IÀZn\mÄ B©tem skmUmt\m ktµi¯n H¸ph¨p.

CXn\nsS, amÀ]m¸bpsS sXcsªSp¸n\v thm«hImiapÅ 152 IÀZn\mÄamcpw h¯n¡m\nse¯n. hnbäman \n¶pÅ IÀZn\mÄ ^mw an¬ am³ BWv Gähpw Ahkm\w F¯nbXv. k`bpsS `cWImcy§sf kw_Ôn¨ NÀ¨IfmWv C¶se IÀZn\mÄamcpsS tbmK¯n {][m\ambpw \S¶Xv.

h¯n¡m\nse t\mÀ¯v Atacn¡³ tImfPn Atacn¡bn \n¶pÅ IÀZn\mÄamÀ \S¯nh¶ncp¶ ]{Xkt½f\w C¶se apX \ntcm[n¨p. tIm¬t¢hv XpSt§WvS XobXnsb¡pdn¨v Xocpam\ambnsænepw knss̳ Nm¸ense Hcp¡Ä [rXKXnbn ]ptcmKan¡pIbmWv.

tIm¬t¢hv Xocpam\w sshIpw; IÀZn\mÄamcpsS tbmKw XpScp¶p

h¯n¡m³knän: ]pXnb amÀ]m¸sb sXcªSp¡m\pÅ tIm¬t¢hv F¶p XpS§psa¶Xns\ kw_Ôn¨ Xocpam\w sshIntb¡pw. _p[\mgvN tNÀ¶ IÀZn\mÄamcpsS tbmK¯n {]mtZinI k`Ifpw kmÀh{XnI k`bpambpÅ _Ôw, \h kphntijhXvIcWw, ]pXnb amÀ]m¸bpsS hyànXzw XpS§nb hnjb§fmWv {][m\ambpw NÀ¨bv¡p h¶Xv. sshIpt¶cw A©n\v skâv ]otägvkv _knen¡bpsS {][m\ Aįmcbn IÀZn\mÄamÀ {]mÀY\bv¡pw Bcm[\bv¡pambn H¯pIqSn. _knen¡bpsS apJy]ptcmlnX³ IÀZn\mÄ B©tem tImamkv{Xn apJyImÀanIXzw hln¨p.

CXn\nsS, amÀ]m¸sb sXcsªSp¡m³ thm«hImiapÅ 115 IÀZn\mÄamcn 113 t]cpw h¯n¡m\n F¯n. hnbäman \n¶pÅ IÀZn\mÄ ^mw an¬ am³ t]mfWvSn \n¶pÅ IÀZn\mÄ \njv Imknantbgvkv F¶nhÀ C¶v F¯nt¨cpsa¶p IcpXp¶p.

]pXnb amÀ]m¸bpsS sXcsªSp¸p dnt¸mÀ«v sN¿m³ 66 cmPy§fnÂ\n¶pÅ \membnc¯ne[nIw am[ya{]hÀ¯IÀ h¯n¡m\n F¯n¡gnªp.


knss̳ Nm¸Â AS¨p; IÀZn\mÄamcpsS tbmKw XpScpw

h¯n¡m³knän: ]pXnb amÀ]m¸sb sXcsªSp¡m\pÅ tIm¬t¢hn\mbn IÀZn\mÄamÀ kt½fn¡p¶ h¯n¡m\nse knss̳ Nm¸Â AS¨p. tIm¬t¢hn\pÅ Hcp¡¯nsâ `mKambmWv Nm¸Â C¶se {]mtZinI kabw D¨Ignªv H¶n\v AS¨Xv. C\n amÀ]m¸mbpsS sXcsªSp¸p Ignbp¶Xphsc kµÀiIÀ¡v ChnsS {]thi\apWvSmhnÃ.

AtXkabw, tIm¬t¢hv F¶p XpS§pw F¶Xp kw_Ôn¨p IÀZn\mÄamcpsS tbmK¯n C¶sebpw Xocpam\apWvSmbnÃ. C¶se cmhnse 9.30þ\p tNÀ¶ tbmKw s]mXphmb Imcy§fmWp {][m\ambpw NÀ¨ sNbvXXv. k` t\cnSp¶ B`y´c, _mly {]iv\§fpw NÀ¨mhnjbambn. kotdm ae_mÀ k` taPÀ BÀ¨v_nj]v IÀZn\mÄ amÀ tPmÀPv Bet©cn tbmK¯n kwkmcn¨p. D¨Ignªv 12.30þ\v IÀZn\mÄamcpsS tbmKw kam]n¨p. tbmKw C¶pw XpScpw. Øm\samgnª _\UnIvSv ]Xn\mdma³ Facnäkv ]m¸mbv¡v IÀZn\mÄamÀ {]mÀY\m ktµiw Ab¨p.


IÀZn\mÄamcpsS tbmKw XpS§n

^m. sFkIv Bcn¡m¸nÅn knFwsF

h¯n¡m³ knän: ]pXnb amÀ]m¸sb sXcsªSp¡m\pÅ tIm¬t¢hv F¶p XpS§Wsa¶Xp kw_Ôn¨ Xocpam\saSp¡m³ IÀZn\mÄamcpsS tbmKw h¯n¡m\n XpS§n. amÀ¨v \men\v Xn¦fmgvN {]mtZinI kabw cmhnse 9.30þ\p XpS§nb tbmK¯n temI¯nsâ hnhn[ `mK§fn \n¶pÅ 142 IÀZn\mÄamÀ kw_Ôn¨p.

12 t]ÀIqSn F¯nt¨cm\pWvSv. amÀ]m¸bpsS sXcsªSp¸p kw_Ôn¨ FÃm hnhc§fpw clkyambn kq£n¡psa¶ {]XnÚ IÀZn\mÄamÀ FSp¯p. sshIpt¶cw A©n\v IÀZn\mÄamÀ hoWvSpw tbmKw tNÀ¶p.

tbmK¯n \S¶ NÀ¨Isf¡pdn¨v Fs´¦nepw ]dbm³ IÀZn\mÄamÀ XbmdmbnÃ. F¶mÂ, hnizmk¯nsâbpw kwhmZ¯nsâbpw BÄcq]hpw B[p\nI temI¯nsâ shÃphnfnIÄ t\cnSm³ Bßob Icp¯pÅ\pambncn¡Ww amÀ]m¸sb¶p IÀZn\mÄamcn NneÀ ]dªp. NÀ¨IÄ Cämenb³, Cw¥ojv, {^©v, kv]m\ojv, PÀa³ `mjIfnte¡v Htckabw samgnamäw \S¯nsb¶pw AhÀ Adnbn¨p. hnip² hmc¯n\p ap¼v ]pXnb amÀ]m¸sb sXcsªSp¡m³ Ignbpsa¶v AhÀ {]Xo£ {]ISn¸n¨p.

tIm¬t¢hv F¶p XpS§Ww, AXn\mbn knss̳ Nm¸Â F¶v ASbv¡Ww, h¯n¡m\nse tlm«en kµÀiIsc F¶p apX \ntcm[n¡Ww XpS§nb Imcy§fnemWp IÀZn\mÄ kw Lw Xocpam\saSpt¡WvSXv.


\µn \ndª lrZbt¯msS

k`mtae[y£Øm\s¯bpw sshZnIip{iqjbnsebpw hµyktlmZctc, hninjvS A[nImcnIsf, {]nb ktlmZcoktlmZc·mtc,

Fsâ ]m¸mØm\s¯ Ahkm\s¯ s]mXpZÀi\thfbn Xn§n¡qSnb \n§tfhtcmSpw \µn]dbs«. \½Ä Ct¸mÄ tI« ss__nÄ hN\¯n ]utemkv A¸kvtXme³ ]dbp¶Xpt]mse k`sb \bn¡pIbpw hfÀ¯pIbpw sN¿p¶, hN\w hnXbv¡pIbpw Xsâ P\Xbn hnizmkw hfÀ¯pIbpw sN¿p¶, ssZh¯n\p \µn ]dbp¶XmWv Fsâ ]ca{][m\ IÀ¯hyambn lrZb¯n IcpXp¶Xv. temIsa§papÅ k`sb BIam\w BtÇjn¡m³ Fsâ a\kv sh¼p¶p. tbip{InkvXphnepÅ hnizmks¯bpw k`mKm{X¯n {]kcn¡p¶ D]hn þ k`sb kvt\lIq«mbvabm¡p¶Xv Cu D]hnbmWvþ sbbpw PohnX¯nsâ ]qÀWXbnte¡pw kzÀKob ]nXrKrl¯nte¡pw \s½ \bn¡p¶ {]Xymisbbpw kw_Ôn¨v, Rm³ ]t{Xmknsâ ip{iqjbn Bbncp¶ Ime§fn \evIs¸« kphmÀ¯IÄ¡p Rm³ \µn ]dbp¶p.

ssZh¯nsâ k½m\amb {]mÀY\bn \n§sfÃmhscbpw Fsâ FÃm bm{XIsfbpw IqSn¡mgvNIsfbpw AP]me\ kµÀi\§sfbpw Rm³ kvacn¡p¶XmWv. FÃmhscbpw FÃmäns\bpw Rm³ {]mÀY\tbmsS HmÀan¡p¶p. ssZhXncpa\kns\¸än \ap¡p ]qÀWamb Adnhpw Úm\hpw BXvaob[mcWbpw DWvSmtIWvSXn\pw AhnSpt¯¡v DNnXambhn[w \s½¯s¶ Bizkn¸n¡p¶Xn\pw Ah\n \·IfpsS kZv^e§Ä ]pds¸Sphn¡p¶Xn\pambn FÃmhcpw IÀ¯mhn\p kaÀ¸n¡m\mWXv.

k`bpsS _ew

kphntij¯nse kXyhN\amWp k`bpsS _esa¶pw AXmWp k`bpsS PohnXsa¶pw Adnbp¶XpsImWvSpw F\n¡p ssZh¯n Bgtadnb hnizmkapWvSv. kphntijw ip²oIcn¡pIbpw \hoIcn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶p. hnizmknIfpsS Iq«mbva FhnsSsbÃmw kXy¯nse ssZhnIIr] tIÄ¡pIbpw kzmKXw sN¿pIbpw D]hnbn Pohn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶pthm, AhnsSsbÃmw kphntijw ^ew ]pds¸Sphn¡p¶p. AXmWv Fsâ hnizmkhpw B\µhpw.

F«p hÀjw ap¼v 2005 G{]n 19\p ]t{Xmknsâ ip{iqj GsäSp¡m³ k½Xn¨t¸mÄ, Rm³ F¶pw sImWvSp\S¶ncp¶, Cu Dd¸nemWp Rm³ B{ibn¨Xv. Rm³ ap¼p ]et¸mgpw BhÀ¯n¨n«pÅXpt]mse, B \nanjw Fsâ a\kn AebSn¨ hm¡pIÄ Chbmbncp¶p. "IÀ¯mth, \osbt¶mSv F´mWv Bhiys¸Sp¶Xv? Hcp henb `mcamWp \o Fsâ tXmfn hbv¡p¶Xv. ]t£ IÀ¯mth \obmhiys¸«mÂ, A§v Fs¶ \bn¡psa¶ hnizmk¯n Rm³ hesbdnbmw.' IÀ¯mhv XoÀ¨bmbpw Fs¶ hgn\S¯n. AhnSp¶v Ft¶msSm¸apWvSmbncp¶p; Znhkhpw B kmao]yw Rm³ Adnªp. Cu Imew k`bpsS XoÀYmS\bm{Xbn B\µ¯nsâbpw shfn¨¯nsâbpw kµÀ`§fpw {]bmk¯nsâ kµÀ`§fpw IWvS Hcp Imeambncp¶p.

Keoen ISen A¸kvtXme·mtcmsSm¯p hůn k©cn¨ncp¶ hnip² ]t{Xmknsâ t]msebmbncp¶p Fsâ A\p`hw. IÀ¯mhv F\n¡p sXfn¨hpw aµamcpX\papÅ \nch[n Zn\§Ä X¶p; B Znhk§fn F\n¡p [mcmfw ao³ In«n. ]n¶oSp IS cu{Zhpw Imäv FXncpamb, k`bpsS apgph³ Ncn{X¯nepw kw`hn¨n«pÅXpt]mse, IÀ¯mhv Dd§pIbmsW¶p tXm¶nb kµÀ`§fpw DWvSmbn. F¶m Rm³ F¶pw Adnªncp¶pþ IÀ¯mhv h©nbn¯s¶bpWvSv; k`bmIp¶ h©n Fsâtbm \½psStbm AÃ, IÀ¯mhntâXmWv; Ah³ Xsâ k`sb ssIhnSnÃ. IÀ¯mhmWp k`sb \bn¡p¶Xv; AXp Xm³ sXcsªSp¡p¶ a\pjycneqsSbmWv. AXv A§s\bmIm³ AhnSp¶v B{Kln¨XpsImWvSmWv. BÀ¡pw CÃmXm¡m\mhm¯ Dd¨Xpw Ct¸mgpw Dd¸pÅXpamb ImcyamWXv. AXpsImWvSv Fsâ lrZbw C¶p ssZht¯mSpÅ IrXÚXbm \ndªncn¡p¶pþAhnSps¯ Bizmkhpw shfn¨hpw kvt\lhpw Hcn¡epw Fs¶tbm k`sbtbm hn«pt]mIm¯Xn\pÅ IrXÚX.

hnizmkw ]pXp¡mw

hnizmks¯ PohnX¯nsâ AXnÀhc¼pIfnte¡p XÅnamäp¶Xmb Hcp kmlNcy¯n \½psS ssZhhnizmkw IqSpX iàns¸Sp¯m³ Dt±in¨p Rm³ {]Jym]n¨ hnizmkhÀj¯nemWp \mw. IÀ¯mhnepÅ Dd¨ hnizmkw ]pXp¡m³ Rm³ FÃmhscbpw £Wn¡p¶p. \½sfÃmhcpw ssZh¯nsâ Ic§fnse Ip«nIfmbn kzbw kaÀ¸n¡Wsa¶pw B Ic§Ä \t½ F¶pw þ {]bmkthfIfnepw þ Xm§n \S¯psa¶ Dd¨t_m[y¯n IgnbWsa¶pw Rm\m{Kln¡p¶p. Xsâ ]p{Xs\ \ap¡p \evIns¡mWvSv AXncpIfnÃm¯ kvt\lw {]ISam¡nb ssZh¯nsâ kvt\l¯n \ndbm³ Rm³ Blzm\w sN¿p¶p. ss{IkvXh\mbncn¡p¶Xnse B\µw A\p`hn¡m³ FÃmhscbpw Rm³ £Wn¡p¶p.

at\mlcamb Hcp {]`mX{]mÀY\bn C§s\ ]dbp¶p: "Fsâ ssZhta, Rm³ \ns¶ Bcm[n¡p¶p, Fsâ ]qÀWlrZbt¯msS Rm³ \ns¶ kvt\ln¡p¶p. Fs¶ krãn¨Xn\pw Fs¶ ss{IkvXh\m¡nbXn\pw Rm³ \n\¡p \µn]dbp¶p.' AtX, \mw hnizmksa¶ almZm\¯n þ BÀ¡pw \½n \ns¶Sp¡m\mhm¯ Zm\wþk´pãcmWv. CXn\mbn FÃm Znhkhpw ssZht¯mSp \µn ]dbmw þ {]mÀY\tbmSpw AÀY]qÀWamb {InkvXobPohnXt¯mSpwIqSn. ssZhw \s½ kvt\ln¡p¶p, \mw AhnSps¯ kvt\ln¡Wsa¶p {]Xo£n¡pIbpw sN¿p¶p.

]m¸m Häbv¡Ã

Cubhkc¯n ssZht¯mSp am{Xaà Rm³ \µn ]dbm\m{Kln¡p¶Xv. amÀ]m¸ X\n¨Ã ]t{Xmknsâ \uIsb \bn¡p¶Xvþ AXv At±l¯nsâ {]Ya NpaXebmsW¦nepw. ]t{Xmknsâ ip{iqjbpsS kt´mjhpw `mchpw A\p`hn¨t¸mÄ Hcn¡epw Rm³ Häbv¡msW¶p tXm¶nbn«panÃ. X§fpsS DZmca\kpw IÀ¯mhnt\mSpw k`tbmSpapÅ kvt\lhpw sImWvSv Fs¶ klmbn¡pIbpw Fsâ kao]Øcmbncn¡pIbpw sNbvX \nch[n t]sc IÀ¯mhv Fsâ kao]w \ndp¯n. H¶maXmbn {]nbs¸« ktlmZc IÀZn\mÄamtc: \n§fpsS Adnhpw D]tZihpw kulrZhpw F\n¡p hfsc hnes¸«Xmbncp¶p. hÀj§fmbn Ft¶msSm¯p {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ tÌäv sk{I«dn apX sk{It«dnbäv Hm^v tÌäv, tdma³ Iqcnb F¶nhbnse BÄ¡mcpw hnhn[ taJeIfn ]cnip² knwlmk\¯n\p tkh\aÀ¸n¡p¶hcpw _mlytemI¯p {]Xy£s¸SmsX ]n¶Wnbn \niÐcmbn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶hcpamb \nch[nt¸sc AhcpsS {]Xn_²XbpsSbpw hnizmk ssNX\y¯nsâbpw hn\b¯nsâbpw sXfnabn Rm³ HmÀ¡p¶p. AhÀ F\n¡v Dd¸pÅ hnizkvX Xm§pIfmbncp¶p.

Fsâ cq]Xbmb tdmanse k`bnte¡v Fsâ {]tXyI Nn´ sNÃp¶p. sa{Xm³ ]Zhnbnepw ]utcmlnXy¯nepapÅ ktlmZc·mscbpw A`njnàcmb aäpÅhscbpw ssZhP\w apgphs\bpw Rm³ A\pkvacn¡p¶p. AP]me\bm{XIfnepw s]mXpkt½f\§fnepw bm{XIfnepw IqSn¡mgvNIfnepw Hs¡ F\n¡v Bgtadnb hmÕeyhpw henb ]cnKW\bpw FÃmhcnÂ\n¶pw e`n¨n«pWvSv: Rm³ Xncn¨pw FÃmhscbpw kvt\ln¨pþ A¸kvtXme\mb ]t{Xmknsâ ]n³Kmanbpw tdmanse sa{Xm\pw F¶ \nebn Fsâ AP]meI lrZb¯nÂ\n¶v. Hcp ]nXmsh¶Xpt]mse FÃm Znhkhpw Fsâ {]mÀY\Ifn Rm³ \n§sf hln¨p. Fsâ BiwkIfpw IrXÚXbpw FÃmhcnepw F¯Wsa¶p Rm³ A`nejn¡p¶p. amÀ]m¸bpsS lrZbw temIw apgph\nte¡pw Xpd¶XmWv.

]cnip² knwlmk\¯nte¡p \nbpàcmbn«pÅ \bX{´ {]Xn\n[nItfmSpw Rm³ \µn]dbp¶p. AhcpsS km¶n[yw cmPy§fpsS henb IpSpw_am¡n CXns\ amäp¶p. hmÀ¯mhn\nab taJebn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ FÃmhtcmSpw AhcpsS \nÀWmbItkh\¯n\p Rm³ \µn ]dbpIbmWv.

lrZbkv]Àinbmb I¯pIÄ

kao] BgvNIfn BImw£bpw kulrZhpw {]mÀY\bpw ]¦ph¨psImWvSp hnImc`cnXamb ktµi§fb¨ FÃmhtcmSpw Rm³ lrZb]qÀhw \µn]dbs«. AtX, amÀ]m¸ Hcn¡epw GI\Ã. Ct¸mÄ Fsâ lrZbs¯ Bg¯n kv]Àin¡p¶hn[w Rm\Xp a\knem¡p¶p. amÀ]m¸ FÃmhcptSbpamWv. AXn\m [mcmfwt]À At±lt¯mSp a\kn ASp¸w A\p`hn¡p¶p. cmjv{S¯eh·mÀ, aXt\Xm¡Ä, kmwkvImcnI {]hÀ¯IÀ XpS§n temI¯nse [mcmfw al¯p¡fnÂ\n¶v F\n¡p I¯pIÄ In«mdpWvSv. H¸w X§fpsS lrZb¯nÂ\n¶p efnXambpw kvt\lhmbvt]msSbpw FgpXp¶ km[mcW¡mcpsS I¯pIfpw In«mdpWvSv. tbip{InkvXphn þ k`bn þ H¶mbncn¡p¶XmWv AXn\p ImcWw. X§fdnbm¯ Hcp cmPIpamct\m henb BÄt¡m FgpXp¶Xpt]msebà Cu km[mcW¡mÀ FgpXp¶Xv. AhÀ ktlmZc·mcmbpw ktlmZcnamcmbpw ]p{X·mcmbpw ]p{Xnamcmbpw þ AtX Hcp IpSpw_¯nse hmÕeyt¯msS þ BWv FgpXp¶Xv.

ChnsSbmWp k` F´msW¶p \mw Adnbp¶Xv. AsXmcp kwLS\bÃ. aX]ctam tkh\]ctam Bb e£y¯nepÅ Hcp {]Øm\hpaÃ. adn¨v, \s½ FÃmhscbpw H¶n¸n¡p¶ tbip{InkvXphnsâ icoc¯nse ktlmZcoktlmZc·mcpsS kPoh Iq«mbvabmWv. Cu coXnbn k`sb A\p`hn¡m³ km[n¡p¶Xv, ssZh¯nsâ kXyþkvt\l§fpsS _ew \½psS Ic§ÄsImWvSp kv]Àin¨dnbp¶Xv, \mtim·pJsa¶p ]ecpw ]dbp¶ C¡me¯v Hcp B\µm\p`qXnbmWv.

Fsâ Icp¯p IpdªXmbn kao]amk§fn Rm³ a\knem¡n. icnbmb Xocpam\saSp¡m\pÅ shfn¨w \evIm\mbn Rm³ ssZht¯mSp {]mÀYn¨p. Fsâ Imcy¯n\mbn«Ã, k`bpsS \·bv¡mbn«mbncp¶p AXv. Cu Xocpam\w ssIs¡mWvSXv CXnsâ Xo{hXbpw ]pXpabpw apgph\mbn a\knem¡nbmWv; H¸w AKm[amb a\xim´ntbmsSbpw. k`sb kvt\ln¡pI F¶m _p²nap«pÅ, Ipgbv¡p¶ Xocpam\§Ä FSp¡m\pÅ [ocXIqSnbmWvþ kz´w \·sb¡mÄ k`bpsS \·sb ap¶n¡WvSpÅ Xocpam\§Ä¡pÅ [ocX.

Iq«mbvabnse kvt\lw

ChnsS 2005 G{]n 19 te¡p aS§nt¸mIm³ Hcn¡Â¡qSn Fs¶ A\phZn¡pI. B \nanjw apX Fs¶t¶bv¡pw Rm³ IÀ¯mhnsâ Cã¯n\\pkcn¨p am{Xw {]hÀ¯n¡m³ {]XnÚm_²\mbncp¶p F¶ hkvXpXbnemWv Cu Xocpam\¯nsâ Kuchancn¡p¶Xv. ]t{Xmknsâ ip{iqj GsäSp¡p¶hÀ¡p kzImcyXbnÃ. AhÀ k`bv¡p apgph\papÅhcmbn¯ocp¶p. AhcpsS PohnX¯n kzImcyX CÃmXmbn¯ocp¶p. AXp Zm\ambn \ÂIpt¼mgmWv HcmÄ¡p bYmÀY¯n Poh³ e`n¡p¶sX¶mWp Rm³ Ft¸mgpw IcpXnbn«pÅXv. Ct¸mgpw A§s\ IcpXp¶p.

tbiphns\ kvt\ln¡p¶ \nch[nbmfpIÄ ]t{Xmknsâ ]n³Kmansbbpw kvt\ln¡p¶psWvS¶p Rm³ t\cs¯ ]dªn«pWvSv. amÀ]m¸bv¡p bYmÀY ktlmZc·mcpw ktlmZcnamcpw ]p{X·mcpw ]p{Xnamcpw temIw apgph\papWvSv. AhcpsS Iq«mbvabpsS kvt\lmtÇj¯n kpc£nX\mWv At±lw. ImcWw, At±lw At±l¯n\p kz´aÃ; FÃmhcpsSbpw IqSnbmWv. FÃmhcpw At±l¯nsâ kz´hpamWv.

FÃmbvt¸mgpw F¶Xv Fs¶t¶bv¡pw IqSnbmWv. kzImcyPohnX¯nte¡p aS¡anÃ. kPohip{iqjbnÂ\n¶p amdn\n¡m\pÅ Fsâ Xocpam\s¯ CXp amänÃ. bm{XIfpw IqSn¡mgvNIfpw kzoIcW§fpw tbmK§fpapÅ kzImcyPohnX¯nte¡p Rm³ aS§nÃ.

Ipcnins\ Rm³ Dt]£n¡nÃ. F¶mÂ, {IqinX\mb \mYsâ ASp¯pXs¶ ]pXnsbmcp amÀK¯n \n¡pw. k`m`cW¯nsâ A[nImcw C\nsbmcn¡epw ssIbmfnÃ. F¶mÂ, skâv ]otägvknsâ AXnÀ¯n¡pÅn¯s¶ {]mÀY\m tkh\¯neqsS Rm\pWvSmhpw. amÀ]m¸ F¶ \nebn Fsâ \matlXpI\mb hnip² _\UnIvSv F\ns¡mcp henb amXrIbmWv. {]hÀ¯\\ncXambmbmepw AÃmsXbmepw ssZh¯nsâ tPmen¡pthWvSnbpÅ Hcp PohnX¯nsâ amÀKw F§s\bmbncn¡Wsa¶v At±lw Im«n¯¶p. Cu Xocpam\s¯ BZcthmsSbpw XnIª [mcWtbmsSbpw kzmKXw sNbvXXn\p Rm³ FÃmhÀ¡pw \µn ]dbp¶p.

{]mÀY\bneqsS

IÀ¯mhnt\mSpw Ahsâ h[phnt\mSpapÅ AÀ¸Wt¯msSbpw {]mÀY\bneqsSbpw [ym\¯neqsSbpw Rm³ k`sb XpSÀ¶pw ]n´pScpw. Znhkhpw AXpt]mse Pohn¡m\mWp Rm³ {ian¨Xv. Fs¶¶pw AXpt]mse Pohn¡pw. {]mÀY\bn Fs¶ HmÀ¡Wsa¶p Rm³ \n§tfmSv At]£n¡p¶p. ]t{Xmknsâ ]n³Kmansb sXcsªSp¡pIsb¶ kp{][m\ ZuXy¯n\mbn hnfn¡s¸«ncn¡p¶ IÀZn\mÄamÀ¡pthWvSn {]tXyIw {]mÀYn¡Ww. IÀ¯mhnsâ shfn¨hpw AhnSps¯ Bßmhnsâ iànbpw ]pXnb amÀ]m¸sb ]n´pScs«. ssZhamXmhpw k`bpsS amXmhpamb ]cnip² A½bpsS am[yØy¯n\mbn \ap¡p {]mÀYn¡mw. \s½ FÃmhscbpw k` apgphs\bpw ]cn]men¡p¶Xn\pthWvSn \ap¡v Dd¨ hnizmkt¯msS A½sb `cta¸n¡mw.

{]nb kplr¯p¡sf! ssZhamWp k`sb \bn¡pIbpw, {]tXyIn¨p hnjaIme¯p, ]cn]men¡pIbpw sN¿p¶Xv. Cu hnizmkZÀi\w \msamcn¡epw Dt]£n¡cpXv. k`bpsSbpw temI¯nsâbpw amÀKw F´mbncn¡Wsa¶Xnsâ Htcsbmcp bYmÀY ZÀi\amWnXv.

IÀ¯mhv Ft¸mgpw ASp¯psWvS¶pw AhnSp¶p \s½ Dt]£n¡nsöpw At±lw kao]Ø\mbn Xsâ kvt\lwsImWvSp \s½ s]mXnªncn¡pIbmsW¶papÅ BËmZIcamb Dd¸n \½psS FÃmhcpsSbpw lrZb§Ä \ndbs«.

\µn.


ssZthã¯n\p hg§n...

(_\UnÎv ]Xn\mdma³ amÀ]m¸ Xsâ ssÇlnIip{iqjbpsS Ahkm\ RmbdmgvNbmbncp¶ 24\v h¯n¡m\nse skâv ]otägvkv NXzc¯n XSn¨pIqSnb hnizmknItfmSmbn \S¯nb {]kwKw.)

{]nb ktlmZcoktlmZc·mtc,

\½psS IÀ¯mhmb tbiphnsâ cq]m´coIcW¯nsâ kphntijamWp t\m¼pIme¯nse cWvSmw RmbdmgvN Bcm[\{Iaw \aps¡t¸mgpw \evIp¶Xv. {]mÀYn¨psImWvSncp¶t¸mgmWp tbip cq]m´cs¸«Xv F¶Xn\p kphntijI\mb eq¡m {]tXyI Du¶Â sImSp¡p¶p. injy·mcmb ]t{Xmkv, bmt¡m_v, tbml¶m³ F¶nhtcmsSm¯v D¶Xamb aebn [ym\¯nencn¡pt¼mÄ tbiphn\p ]nXmhpambpÅ _Ô¯nse KmVamb Hcp A\p`hamWv DWvSmbXv. ssZhnI shfn]mSpWvSmb Ahkc§fnseÃmw tbiphns\m¸w Cu aq¶p injycpw k¶nlnXcmbncp¶p (eq¡ 5:10, 8:51, 9:28).

Xsâ acWs¯bpw ]p\cp°m\s¯bpw]än Aev]wap¼p ]dª IÀ¯mhv (9:22) injyÀ¡p Xsâ al¯zw shfns¸Sp¯ns¡mSp¡p¶pWvSv. tbiphnsâ Úm\kv\m\ kabs¯¶Xpt]mse cq]m´coIcWkab¯pw kzÀKØ\mb ]nXmhnsâ kzcw \mw {ihn¡p¶p: "Ch³ Fsâ ]p{X\mIp¶p. sXcsªSp¡s¸«h\mb Chsâ kzcw {ihn¡phn³' (9:35). cq]m´coIcW kab¯v, ]gb \nba¯nse \nbas¯bpw {]hmNI·mscbpw {]Xn\n[m\w sN¿p¶hcmb tamibpsSbpw GeoizmbpsSbpw km¶n[yw hfsc {]m[m\yapÅXmWv. c£mIcNcn{Xw ]pXnsbmcp ]pd¸mSv \bn¡p¶ tbiphn tI{µoIcn¨p \n¡p¶p. tbip ]pd¸mSp \bn¡p¶Xp tamibpsS Imet¯Xpt]mse hmKvZ¯ `qanbnte¡Ã, kzÀK¯nte¡mWv. "IÀ¯mth, \½Ä ChnsSbncn¡p¶Xp \ÃXmIp¶p'(9:33) F¶ ]t{Xmknsâ hm¡pIÄ Cu AeuInI A\p`hw XSbp¶Xn\pÅ Akm[y{ias¯bmWp kqNn¸n¡p¶Xv. skâv AKÌn³ ]dbp¶p: "aeapIfnencp¶ ]t{Xmkn\p tbip Bßmhnsâ `£Wambncp¶p. {]tNmZ\w ]Icp¶ ssZh¯nsâ hnip² kvt\l¯n \ndªncn¡pt¼mÄ A[zm\¯nsâbpw thZ\IfpsSbpw CSt¯¡v At±lw F´n\mWp aS§nt¸mIp¶Xv?'

kphntij¯nse Cu `mKw [ym\n¡pt¼mÄ \ap¡p hfsc {][m\s¸« Hcp ]mTw ]Tn¡m\mhpw. {]mÀY\bpsS {]m[m\yamWv BZyt¯Xv. AXnÃmsXbpÅ A¸kvtXme {]hÀ¯\§fpw ImcpWy{]hÀ¯\§fpw AÀYanÃm¯ hymbmaambn Npcp§nt¸mIpw. hyàn]chpw kmaqlnIhpamb {]mÀY\bv¡v Bhiyamb kabw sImSpt¡WvSXp t\m¼n \mw ]Tn¡p¶p. \½psS Bßob PohnX¯n\p Pohizmkw \evIp¶Xp {]mÀY\bmWv. Xmt_mÀ aebnÂh¨p ]t{Xmkv B{Kln¨Xpt]mse temI¯nÂ\n¶pw AXnsâ sshcp[y§fnÂ\n¶pw Hcmsf AIän\nÀ¯m³ thWvSnbpÅXà {]mÀY\. {]XypX, t\Àhgnbnte¡pw {]hÀ¯\¯nte¡pw \bn¡m\pÅXmWXv.

ss{IkvXhPohnXw ssZhs¯ ZÀin¡p¶Xn\pthWvSnbpÅ \nc´camb aeIbähpw Xncn¨nd¡hpamsW¶p t\m¼pIme ktµi¯n Rm³ FgpXnbncp¶p. ssZh¯nÂ\n¶p kvt\lhpw DuÀPhpw DÄs¡mWvSv, ssZhkvt\lt¯msS \½psS ktlmZcoktlmZc·msc tkhn¡m³ IgnbWw. {]nb ktlmZcoktlmZc·mtc, ssZh¯nsâ Cu hm¡pIÄ, Fsâ PohnX¯nse Cu L«¯n Fs¶ {]tXyIambn Dt±in¨n«pÅXmsW¶p Rm³ IcpXp¶p.

IqSpX {]mÀY\bv¡pw [ym\¯n\pwthWvSn kzbw Dgnªphbv¡p¶Xn\pÅ aeIbä¯n\p IÀ¯mhv Fs¶ hnfn¡pIbmWv. F¶mÂ, CXn\ÀYw Rm³ k`sb Dt]£n¡p¶p F¶Ã. adn¨v, CXpsN¿m³ ssZhw Ft¶mSv Bhiys¸Sp¶psWvS¦n AXp Rm³ CXphsc sNbvX AtX kvt\lt¯mSpw AÀ¸Wt¯mSpwIqsSbpw, AtXkabw Fsâ {]mb¯n\pw tijn¡pw IqSpX tbmPn¨hn[¯nepw, XpSÀ¶pw k`sb tkhn¡p¶Xn\mWv. ]cnip² I\ymadnb¯nsâ a[yØX \ap¡v At]£n¡mw. {]mÀY\bnepw {]hÀ¯\¯nepw tbiphnsâ amÀKw ]n´pScp¶Xn\v A½ Ft¸mgpw \s½ klmbn¡pw.

Cu {]mÀY\bv¡p k¶nlnXcmbncn¡p¶ FÃmhscbpw Rm³ lmÀZambn kzmKXw sN¿p¶p. Cu Znhk§fn F\n¡pthWvSn {]mÀYn¡pIbpw hnhn[ cq]§fn IrXÚXbpw kvt\lhpw {]ISn¸n¡pIbpw sNbvX FÃmhtcmSpw Rm³ \µn ]dbp¶p. DbnÀ¸pRmbÀhsc t\m¼nse bm{X XpScp¶ \ap¡p c£I\mb tbiphn I®pIÄ AÀ¸n¨ncn¡mw. cq]m´coIcWw \S¶ aebn AhnSps¯ al¯zamWtÃm shfns¸Sp¯s¸«Xv. ssZh¯nsâ kar²amb A\p{Klw \n§Ä FÃmhÀ¡pw DWvSmIs«.


C\n temI¯nsâ t\m«w B Nn½n\nbnte¡v

tPmÀPv IÅnhbenÂ

_\UnÎv ]Xn\mdma³ Øm\samgnbpt¼mÄ temIw BImw£tbmsSbpw D¶bn¡p¶ tNmZyw ASp¯ amÀ]m¸ BcmIpw F¶XmWv. temIsa§papÅ 120 tImSntbmfw It¯men¡cpsS BßobmNmcysâ sXcsªSp¸n\p hyàhpw IrXyhpamb BNmc§fpw \S]Sn{Ia§fpw \nbakwlnXIfpapWvSv. It¯men¡m k`bpsS Im\³ \nbaw A\pimkn¡p¶ Xc¯nemWp amÀ]m¸bpsS sXcsªSp¸p \S¯p¶Xv.

tdmanse hnJymXamb knss̳ Nm¸ense Nn½n\nbnÂ\n¶p shfp¯ ]pI Dbcp¶XmWp ]pXnb amÀ]m¸bpsS sXcsªSp¸p hnhcw ]pd¯dnbn¡p¶ BZy ASbmfw. IÀZn\mÄamcpsS kwLw tbmKw tNÀ¶mWp amÀ]m¸bpsS sXcsªSp¸p \S¯p¶Xv. ]Xnaq¶mw \qämWvSp apXepÅ kwhn[m\w Ct¸mgpw XpScp¶p.

knss̳ Nm¸en IÀZn\mÄ XncpkwL¯nsâ tbmKw, clky _meäpIÄ, Idp¸pw shfp¸pw ]pI XpS§nbhsbms¡ temIw tIÄ¡p¶ Imcy§fmWv. F¶mÂ, AXntesd k¦oÀWambpw {]mÀY\m]qÀhhpw Nn«tbmsSbpamWp henb ap¡phsâ ]n³Kmansb sXcsªSp¡p¶Xv. IÀZn\mÄamcn 80 hbkp ]qÀ¯nbmIm¯hÀ¡p am{XamWp thm«hImiapÅXv. C´ybnÂ\n¶pÅ A©p IÀZn\mÄamcpw Chcn DÄs¸Sp¶p. kotdm ae_mÀ k`bpsS Xeh\pw taPÀ BÀ¨v_nj¸pamb amÀ tPmÀPv Bet©cn, kotdm ae¦c k`bpsS Xeh\pw taPÀ BÀ¨p_nj¸pamb amÀ _tkentbmkv ¢oankv ImtXmen¡m _mh, kn_nknsF {]knUâpw apwss_ BÀ¨v_nj¸pamb tUm. HmkvhmÄUv t{Kjykv, dm©n BÀ¨v_nj]v tUm. sSekvt^mÀ tSmt¸m, tdmanepÅ apwss_ ap³ BÀ¨v_nj]v tUm.sFh³ Ubkv F¶nhcmWp C´ybn \n¶pÅ IÀZn\mÄamÀ.

HutZymKnI NpaXeIfnÂ\n¶p hncan¨mepw 80 hbkn XmsgbmsW¦n t]¸Â tIm¬t¢hn ]s¦Sp¯p thm«psN¿m³ IÀZn\mÄamÀ¡v AhImiapWvSmbncn¡pw. F¶mÂ, kz´w t]cn thm«psN¿m³ BÀ¡pw A[nImcanÃ. IÀZn\mÄ XncpkwL¯n AwKaÃm¯ _nj¸ns\tbm sshZnIs\tbm amÀ]m¸bmbn sXcsªSp¡p¶Xn\pw \nbaXSkanÃ. F¦nepw IÀZn\mÄamcn HcmfmIpw km[mcW amÀ]m¸bmIpI.

h¯n¡m\nse {]ikvXhpw AXnat\mlchpamb knss̳ Nm¸enemWp amÀ]m¸sb sXcsªSp¡m\mbn IÀZn\mÄamÀ tbmKw tNcp¶Xv. BZyZnhkw [ym\hpw {]mÀY\bpw \S¡pw. sshIpt¶cw Hcp XhW thms«Sp¸pw \S¯pw. cWvSmwZn\w apX amÀ]m¸sb IsWvS¯p¶Xphsc Znhkw \mep thms«Sp¸pWvSmIpw. cmhnse cWvSpw D¨Ignªp cWvSpw.

thms«Sp¸n\pÅ _meäpIfpsS aq¶p Xe¯nepÅ ]cntim[\IÄ¡mbn aq¶p t]sc hoXw \dps¡Sp¸neqsS sXcsªSp¡pw. amÀ]m¸bmIm\pÅ IÀZn\mfnsâ t]scgpXnbmWp thm«p sN¿pI. Gähpw tbmKys\¶p IcpXp¶ BÄ¡p thm«p sN¿psa¶p Hmtcm IÀZn\mfpw ssZh\ma¯n {]XnÚsbSp¡p¶pWvSv. Hmtcm _meänsebpw t]cpIÄ tcJs¸Sp¯nbmWp thms«®Â \S¯pI. aq¶n cWvSp `qcn]£w In«p¶bmsf sXcsªSp¡p¶Xphsc thms«®Â {]Inb XpScpw.

Bsc¦nepw sXcsªSp¡s¸«m amÀ]m¸bpsS ]Zhn GsäSp¡m³ k¶²X DS³ Xs¶ Adnbn¡Ww. thms«Sp¸nsâ L«¯n Xs¶ `qcn]£w t\Sp¶hÀ¡v CXn\mbn XbmsdSp¡mw. ]Zhn kzoIcn¡mXncn¡m\pw \nba]cambn AhImiapWvSv. ]Zhn kzoIcn¨p Ignªm amÀ]m¸bmbn Adnbs¸tSWvS hnip²\maw Adnbn¡Ww. kz´w amtamZok t]cp Xs¶ kzoIcn¡p¶Xn\pw XSkanÃ. F¶mÂ, asämcp hnip²sâ \maw kzoIcn¡p¶ Iogvhg¡hpw kao]Ime¯p hym]IamWv.

IÀZn\mÄamÀ hoWvSpw tbmKw tNcpIbpw \nbpà amÀ]m¸ tcJbn H¸phbv¡pIbpw sN¿pw. XpSÀ¶p {]mÀY\bv¡ptijw Nm¸ent\mSp tNÀ¶pÅ I®ocnsâ apdnbn (dqw Hm^v Sntbgvkv) t]mbn amÀ]m¸bpsS Nph¶ hkv{Xw AWnbpw. Øm\NnÓ§fpw XpSÀ¶p kzoIcn¡pw. ChsbÃmw ]qÀ¯nbmbm IÀZn\mÄ kwL¯nsâ Uo³ _knen¡bpsS {][m\ _m¡Wnbnse¯n ]pXnb amÀ]m¸sb temIt¯mSp {]Jym]n¡pw.

Uo³ Xs¶ amÀ]m¸bmbn sXcsªSp¡s¸« Ncn{XapWvSv. 2005 IÀZn\mÄ kwL¯nsâ Uo³ Bbncp¶ tPmk^v dmävknwKdmWp _\UnÎv ]Xn\mdma\mbXv.

shfp¯ ]pIbneqsSbmWp ]m¸bpsS sXcsªSp¸p temIw BZyadnbpI. Hcp cmkhkvXp IqSn tNÀ¯p ssht¡m I¯n¨mWp shfp¯ ]pI DWvSm¡p¶Xv. thms«Sp¸n ]pXnb amÀ]m¸sb sXcsªSp¡m\mbnsæn knss̳ Nm¸ensâ Nn½n\nbneqsS Idp¯ ]pIbmIpw ]pd¯phcpI. thms«Sp¸n\ptijw _meäpIfpw CtXmsSm¸w I¯n¨pIfbpw. Hmtcm thms«Sp¸n\p tijhpw CXmhÀ¯n¡pw.

knss̳ Nm¸en {]thin¨ tijhpw AXn\p ap¼pambn IÀZn\mÄamÀ¡mbn cWvSp {]`mjW§Ä \evImdpWvSv. tbmKw tNcp¶ Znhkw cmhnse AhÀ skâv ]otägvkv _knen¡bn kaql_en AÀ¸n¡pw. D¨Ignªp ]ufn³ Nm¸en IqSnt¨À¶ tijamWp kwLmwK§Ä knss̳ Nm¸ente¡p t]mIp¶Xv. H¸ph¨ tijw IÀZn\mÄamÀ {]XnÚsbSp¡pw. Xncp¡Àa§fpsS ImÀanI\mIpw {]XnÚ sNmÃns¡mSp¡pI.

hnip² ]t{Xmknsâ knwlmk\¯nsâ ]mh\X Im¡pI, clkyw Im¡pI, aäp XmXv]cy§Ä Dt]£n¡pI XpS§nbhbmWp {]XnÚbpsS ImXÂ. XpSÀ¶p thm«hImiapÅ IÀZn\mÄamÀ HgnsIbpÅhsc Nm¸en\p ]pd¯pIS¯n IXISbv¡pw. ]n¶oS,v k`bpw ]pXnb amÀ]m¸bpw t\cntSWvS shÃphnfnIsf¡pdn¨pw t_m[ys¸Sp¯pw. ip{iqjIÄ¡p t\XrXzw \ÂIp¶ IÀZn\mtfm sshZnIt\m CXn\mbn {]kwKn¡p¶Xn\pw XSkanÃ. {]kwK¯n\ptijw ImÀanI\pw (thm«hImiansænÂ) Nm¸en\p ]pdt¯¡p t]mIpw.

]n¶oSp {]mÀY\IÄ¡p tijw, amÀ]m¸ sXcsªSp¸nsâ \S]Sn{Ia§sf¡pdn¨p IÀZn\mÄ Uo³ hniZoIcn¡pw. kwibaptWvSmsb¶p tNmZn¡pIbpw sN¿pw. hniZoIcW§Ä¡ptijw sXcsªSp¸p \S]SnIÄ¡p XpS¡amIpw. tIm¬t¢hv F¶dnbs¸Sp¶ Cu tbmKw XpS§nbtijw thm«hImiapÅhÀ sshInsb¯nbmepw {]thi\anÃ. Bcpw sshInsb¯nsöXmWp {]tXyIX.

F¶mÂ, tcmKapWvSmbm IÀZn\mfns\ NnInÕbv¡mbn ]pd¯psImWvSpt]mImw. C§s\ t]mIp¶bmÄ¡p tbmKw Xocp¶Xn\pap¼p XncnsI {]thin¡m\pw XSkanÃ.

tcmKmhØbpsWvS¦n Hcp \gvkns\ IqsS sImWvSpt]mIp¶Xn\pw IÀZn\mÄamÀ¡p AhImiapWvSv. F¶m sk{I«dn AS¡w aämscbpw IqsS Iq«m\mInÃ. cWvSp tUmÎÀamÀ, \gvkpamÀ, sXcsªSp¸p \S]SnIÄ¡p klmbn¡p¶ h¯n¡m\nse Poh\¡mÀ, `£Wþ ]m\ob§Ä \evIm\pÅhÀ XpS§nbhcpapWvSmIpw. ChÀ¡p ]pdta IÀZn\mÄamÀ¡p Ip¼kmcw tIÄ¡m³ hnhn[ `mjIfdnbmhp¶ GXm\pw sshZnIÀ, ip{ipjIÄ¡p t\XrXzw sImSp¡p¶hÀ XpS§nbhcpw Nm¸enepWvSmIpw. FÃmhcpw clkyw Im¡psa¶ {]XnÚsbSp¡pw.


ImcpWy¯nsâbpw hn\b¯nsâbpw anIhv

dh. tUm. amWn ]pXnbnSw

1982þ se sk]väw_À amkw. thZ]pkvXI]T\¯n\p {^©p`mjm ]T\ kÀ«n^n¡äv {]Ya _ncpZamb ssek³tjyän\v A\nhmcyambncp¶p. tdmanse _n»n¡Â C³Ìnäyq«n \n¶p {^©p `mjbv¡v kvtImfÀjn¸v t\Sn ]mcoknse Im¯enIv C³Ìnäyq«nse¯n. A¶v AhnsS ]Tn¨ncp¶ C¶s¯ taPÀ BÀ¨v_nj]v IÀZn\mÄ amÀ tPmÀPv Bet©cnbpsS IqsS ]mcoknse hntZi anj³ {]hÀ¯IcpsS lukn Xmakn¨v aq¶pamkw sImWvSv kÀ«n^n¡äv t\Sn PÀa\nbnse¯n.

tdman hoWvSpw ¢mkpIÄ Bcw`n¡m³ Hcp amkwIqSn IgnbWw. Cu kab¯v ayqWnIv AXncq]Xbnse ^yqs̳s^ÂUv{_q¡nse Hcp CShIbn Hcp amks¯ AP]me\ ip{iqjbv¡p \nba\w k¼mZn¨p. CShIbn NpaXetbäp aq¶mw Znhkw \m«n A¸\p Ieiemb AkpJamsW¶v Adnhv In«n.

BsI ]cn{`aambn. cm{Xnbn Dd¡anÃ. NmÀsPSp¯ DS³ F§s\ CShI hn«pt]mIWsa¶p ]dbpw? At\zjn¨t¸mÄ h¯n¡m³ Iu¬knensâ ]ptcmKa\ ssZhimkv{XÚ\mb BÀ¨v_nj]v dmävknwKdmWv tae[y£³. GXmbmepw ayqWn¡nse Aca\bnse¯n BÀ¨v_nj¸ns\ ImWmsa¶p IcpXn.

`b¸mtSmsSbmWv Aca\bpsS hf¸n\pÅn {]thin¨Xv. DÅn BsI ]cn{`aw. PÀa³ kmbn¸n\v Cw¥ojv hiansæn F´psN¿pw. F\n¡v PÀa³ `mj A{X hiambn«panÃ. t\m¡nbt¸mÄ ap¶nepÅ ]qt´m«¯n tXm«¡mc³ sNSnIÄ¡p shÅsamgn¡p¶p. At±lt¯mSp ]nXmhnsâ hnhc§Ä Xnc¡msa¶p IcpXn ASp¯psN¶p. Nu¡mfhpan«p tNfmIw t]msemcp DSp¸p [cn¨v Aev]w {]mbw tXm¶n¸n¨ Hcp Ac hr²\mWp tXm«¡mc³.

ASp¯p sN¶bpS³ tXm«¡mc³ XebpbÀ¯n t\m¡nsbm¶p ]p©ncn¨p. B ]p©ncn IWvSt¸mtg t]Sn ]IpXn ]¼ IS¶p. Xncn¨v Hcp ]p©ncnbpw At§m«p \evIn. F´mWp h¶Xv? F´mWp {]iv\w? F\n¡v BÀ¨v_nj¸ns\ H¶p ImWWw. “Archbishop, here I am”. AXp tI«t¸msg kvXw`n¨p\n¶pt]mbn. At¿m CXp dmävknwKdmbncpt¶m? {i²n¨v H¶pIqSn t\m¡nbt¸mÄ _nj¸nsâ tamXncw hncenepWvS.v BÀ¨v_nj]v Xs¶!

F´mWp thWvSXv? Rm³ hÃXpw sN¿tWm? hoWvSpw At±lw Bcmªp. At¸mgpw `bw, Hcp CShIbn NpaXetbän«p aq¶mw Znhkw t]mIWsa¶v F§s\]dbpw? C´ym¡mcmb A¨·msc¡pdn¨p tamiamb A`n{]mbhpWvSmhptam Fs¶ms¡ i¦n¨v AdnbmsX ]dªpt]mbn: "Fsâ A¸\p Ieiemb AkpJamWv.' A¨sâ A¸\v AkpJtam? A¨\p ho«n t]mIWtam?

A§v A\phZn¨mÂ! NmÀsPSp¯n«p aq¶p Znhkta Bbn«pÅq!

XoÀ¨bmbn«pw A¨³ t]mIWw. A¨\v A¸³ Ht¶bpÅp. t]mIm³ ssIbn ]WaptWvSm?

tlm Rm\msI IpfncpsImWvSp. ]Wsa¶pw kmcanà A\phmZw aXn. A\phmZw X¶ncn¡p¶p. thKw sNÃv.

At¸mÄ CShIbn Bcv? Rm³ ]dªp\nÀ¯nb DS³, AXp R§Ä {i²n¨psImÅmw A¨³ s]mbvt¡mfq, Rm³ {]mÀYn¡mw F¶p ]dªp. CXmWp _\UnIvSv ]Xn\mdma\mbn XoÀ¶ BÀ¨v_nj¸v dmävknwKÀ!


[\ykvacWbn ^m. amXyp

tImSt©cn: amÀ]m¸ _\UnÎv ]Xn\mdma³ C¶p Øm\samgnbpt¼mÄ At±l¯nsâ CShIbn hnImcnbmbn tkh\a\pjvTn¨Xnsâ [\ykvacWbnemWp ^m. amXyp AS¡m]md.

1965 emWp k`mtkh\¯n\mbn ^m. amXyp PÀa\nbnte¡p Xncn¡p¶Xv. BZyw ayqWn¡nepw ]n¶oSv em³jq«nepw 68 emt¸gvkvtUmÀ^nepw hnImcnbmbn. A¶p dmK³kv_ÀKv kÀhIemimebnse ssZhimkv{X {]^kdmbncp¶ ^m. tPmk^v dmävknwKÀ (_\UnÎv ]Xn\mdma³ amÀ]m¸) emt¸gvkvtUmÀ^nse CShImwKambncp¶p. XntbmfPnbn At±l¯nsâ injy\pambncp¶p ^m. amXyp.

^m. dmävknwKdpsS aq¯ ktlmZcn acnb tcmK_m[nXbmbncp¶Xn\m hnip² IpÀ_m\bn ]s¦Sp¡m³ Ignªncp¶nÃ. AXn\m RmbdmgvNIfn ho«nÂsN¶v AhÀ¡p hnip² IpÀ_m\ \evInbncp¶Xp ^m. amXyphmbncp¶p. acnb ssZhamXmhnsâ XnIª `àbmbncp¶ Imcyw amXyp HmÀan¡p¶p. t\m¼nepw D]hmk¯nepw {]mÀY\bnepambncp¶p acnb IgnªpIqSnbncp¶Xv. Hcp hÀjt¯mfw ^m. amXyp Cu CShIbn DWvSmbncp¶p. AXn\ptijw Atacn¡bn k`mtkh\¯n\p t]mbn.

^m. dmävknwKÀ IÀZn\mfmb kab¯mWp ktlmZcn acnbbpsS acWw. Xsâ IpSpw_mwK§fpsS skant¯cn kµÀin¨v {]mÀYn¡m³ t]mbt¸mgmWp acnb acn¡p¶Xv. tcmKmhØbn acnbbv¡p sshZnI ip{iqj \evInb ^m. amXyphn\p IÀZn\mÄ tPmk^v dmävknwKÀ \µnkqNIambn I¯b¨ncp¶p.

tImSt©cn AS¡m¸md IpSpw_mwKamb ^m. amXyp 2006 \m«n Xncns¨¯n. Ct¸mÄ tImSt©cnbn hn{iaPohnXw \bn¡pIbmWv. ]{´WvSp `mjIfn IpÀ_m\ sNmÃnbncp¶ A¨³ hntZi¯v A[ym]I\pambncp¶p.

F´psImWvSp cm{Xn F«paWn?

amÀ]m¸ _\UnIvSv ]Xn\mdma³ hymgmgvN cm{Xn F«paWn¡v (Cämenb³ kabw) Øm\samgnbpsa¶mWp {]Jym]n¨Xv. Cu kabw sXcsªSp¯Xn\p {]tXyI {]m[m\ysam¶pansöp h¯n¡m³ hàmhv hniZoIcn¡p¶p.

_\UnIvSv ]Xn\mdmasâ km[mcW {]hÀ¯\ Znhkw tPmenIÄ Ahkm\n¸n¡p¶Xp cm{Xn F«n\mWv. AtXt]mse C¶pw \S¡pw. sshIpt¶cw sX¡³ tdmanepÅ ImÌ KtWvSmÄt^mbnse hn{iaaµnc¯nte¡p At±lw slentIm]vädn t]mIpw. GXm\pw BgvNIÄ¡ptijw Xncn¨ph¶p h¯n¡m\nepÅ amsXÀ Ft¢kntb (k`mamXmhv) F¶ B{ia¯nemWp inãImew sNehgn¡pI.

12 apdnIÄ am{Xw

Cu B{ia aµnc¯nsâ AäIpä¸WnIÄ \S¶phcnIbmWv. 4,300 NXpc{ibSn hnkvXoÀWapÅ Cu B{ia¯n 12 apdnIfpWvSv. hnip² ]t{Xmknsâ _knen¡bpsS ]Snªmdv Hcp sNdnb Ip¶n 8,000 NXpc{ibSn (GItZiw 18 skâv) bpÅ Hcp hf¸nemWv B{iaw. DbÀ¶ aXnepw sNSnIÄ sImWvSpÅ thens¡«pw aqew sI«nSw km[mcW ImgvNbn s]SmdnÃ. sI«nS¯n\p ap¶n ]¨¡dnt¯m«w DWvSv.

tXm«¡mcsâ Xmak¯n\mbn ]Wnbn¨ Cu aµncw 1994þ tPm¬ t]mÄ cWvSma³ amÀ]m¸, k\ymkn\namÀ¡v GIm´hmk¯n\pÅ "anWvSmaTambn amän. Ignª 19 hÀj¯n\pÅn \mep k\ymkn\ok`Ifn \n¶pÅhÀ ChnsS Xmakn¨n«pWvSv. BZyw ]phÀ s¢tbgvkv, ImÀasseäv, _\UnIvssS³, hnknäm³ssU³ F¶o k`IfnÂ\n¶pÅhcmWp \nÝnX Imebfhv ChnsS Xmakn¨p [ym\¯nepw {]mÀY\bnepw sNehgn¨Xv. hnknäm³ssU³ k\ymkn\namÀ Ignª Unkw_dn t]mbt¸mÄ h¯n¡m³ {]kv Hm^okpImÀ ]dªXv C\n BÀs¡¦nepw \evIpw ap³]v sI«nSw ]cnjvIcn¡psa¶mWv. _\UnIvSv ]Xn\mdma\pthWvSnbmWp ]cnjvImcw F¶v At¸mÄ ]dªnÃ.

t]gvkWÂ Ìm^v

]ZhnbnÂ\n¶p hncan¨tijw _\UnIvSv ]Xn\mdmasâ IqsS sNdnsbmcp Ìm^v DWvSmIpw. t]gvkW sk{I«dn BÀ¨v_nj]v tPmÀPv K³sskz³ _\UnIvSv ]Xn\mdmasâ Ìm^n XpScpw.


tIm¬t¢hn\p 115 t]À

h¯n¡m³knän: ASp¯ amÀ]m¸sb sXcsªSp¡p¶Xn\pÅ tIm¬t¢hn 115 IÀZn\mÄamcmIpw ]s¦Sp¡pI F¶mWp kqN\.

\nehn 208 IÀZn\mÄamcmWpÅXv. CXn 80 hbkn\p XmsgbpÅhÀ C¶s¯ \nebv¡v 117 t]À am{Xw. bps{Ibv\nb³ It¯men¡mk`bpsS dn«tbUv taPÀ BÀ¨v_nj]v IÀZn\mÄ ept_manÀ lpkmdn\p sNmÆmgvN 80 hbkv XnIªtXmsSbmWnXv.

amÀ]m¸ Øm\¯v Hgnhphcp¶ kab¯v 80 hbkn XmsgbpÅ IÀZn\mÄamÀ¡mWp tIm¬t¢hn ]s¦Sp¡mhp¶Xv.

P¡mÀ¯bnse IÀZn\mÄ Pqenbkv [ÀamßP A\mtcmKyw aqew tIm¬t¢hn\p F¯p¶nsöv Adnbn¨p. kvtIm«ve³Unse FUn³_tdm BÀ¨v_nj]v Øm\¯p\n¶p IgnªZnhkw cmPnh¨ IÀZn\mÄ Io¯v Hm{_nb\pw tIm¬t¢hn ]s¦Sp¡p¶nÃ. C§s\bmWp kwJy 115 F¯p¶Xv.


_\UnÎv ]Xn\mdma³ C\n t]m¸v Facnäkv

h¯n¡m³ knän: hymgmgvN Øm\samgnbp¶ _\UnÎv ]Xn\mdma³ XpSÀ¶dnbs¸SpI t]m¸v Facnäkv F¶mbncn¡psa¶v h¯n¡m³ hàmhv ^m. semw_mÀUn Adnbn¨p. ]cnip² ]nXmhv _\UnÎv ]Xn\mdma³ F¶pXs¶bmbncn¡pw At±lw XpSÀ¶pw kwt_m[\ sN¿s¸SpI. tPmk^v dmävknwKÀ F¶ t]cv D]tbmKn¡nÃ.

amÀ]m¸bpsS HutZymKnI tamXnchpw ap{Zbpw Øm\samgnbp¶Xn\p ap¼mbn _\UnÎv ]Xn\mdma³ aS¡ntb¸n¡pw. amÀ]m¸amÀ ImewsN¿pt¼mÄ sN¿mdpÅXpt]mse tamXnchpw ap{Zbpw \in¸n¨pIfbpw.

amÀ]m¸amcpsS hntijs¸« shÅ tfml _\UnIvSv ]Xn\mdma³ XpSÀ¶pw AWnbpw. F¶m tfmlbn Ae¦mc§sfm¶pw DWvSmbncn¡nÃ. amÀ]m¸bpsS Nph¶ jqkv amän ]Icw Xhn«p\nd¯nepÅXv D]tbmKn¡pw.

h¯n¡m\nse skâv ]otägvkv NXzc¯n XSn¨pIqSp¶ hnizmknIsf A`nkwt_m[\ sNbvXv amÀ]m¸ F¶ \nebnepÅ Ahkm\s¯ s]mXpZÀi\ {]`mjWw At±lw C¶p \nÀhln¡pw.

hymgmgvN cm{Xn F«n\v ImÌÂ KtWvSmÄt^mbnepÅ kznkv KmÀUpIsf ]ncn¨phn«v h¯n¡m³ t]meokv kpc£m NpaXe GsäSp¡p¶tXmsS _\UnIvSv ]Xn\mdmasâ amÀ]m¸]Zhn HutZymKnIambn Ahkm\n¡pw.


tIm¬t¢hv \nba¯n amäw

h¯n¡m³ knän: ]pXnb amÀ]m¸sb sXcsªSp¡p¶Xn\pÅ tIm¬t¢hv t\ct¯bm¡p¶Xn\mbn CXp kw_Ôn¨pÅ \nba¯n t`ZKXn hcp¯ns¡mWvSpÅ Un{In _\UnÎv ]Xn\mdma³ amÀ]m¸ ]pds¸Sphn¨p. hnip² ]t{Xmknsâ knwlmk\w Hgnªm 15 Znhkw Igntª tIm¬t¢hv tNcm³ ]mSpÅ F¶ \n_Ô\bmWv t`ZKXn sNbvXXv. hnZqctZi§fnÂ\n¶pÅ IÀZn\mÄamÀ¡v tdmanse¯m³ Ahkcw \ÂIm\mbncp¶p 15 Znhkw F¶ Imemh[n h¨Xv. thm«hImiapÅ FÃm IÀZn\mÄamcpw h¯n¡m\n F¯nbm tIm¬t¢hv tNcmsa¶mWp ]pXnb Un{Inbn hyàam¡nbn«pÅXv. FÃmhcpw lmPcsænepw 20 Znhkw Ignbpw ap¼v tIm¬t¢hvv tNcWsa¶pw \nÀtZin¨n«pWvSv.

Cu amkw 28\p Øm\samgnbpsa¶p _\UnÎv ]Xn\mdma³ amÀ]m¸ {]Jym]n¨ncp¶p. ap³Iq«n {]Jym]\w \S¯nbXn\m IÀZn\mÄamÀ¡v tdmanse¯m³ thWvS{X kabw In«nbn«pÅ kmlNcy¯nemWv tIm¬t¢hv t\ct¯ tNcp¶Xn\mbn \nba¯n amäw hcp¯nbXv.

ssZthjvS¯n\p hg§p¶p: _\UnIvSv ]Xn\mdma³

h¯n¡m³ knän: ssZthjvS ¯n\p Iogvhg§nbmWp Xm³ Øm\samgnbp¶sX¶p _\UnIvSv ]Xn\mdma³ amÀ]m¸.

F¶mÂ, AXnsâ AÀYw k`sb Dt]£n¨pt]mIeÃ, adn¨v {]mÀY\bneqsSbpw [ym\¯neqsSbpw k`sb IqSpXembn ip{iqjn¡pIbmWv Dt±iyw. Øm\samgnbp¶Xn\pap¼pÅ Ahkm\s¯ RmbdmgvNbmb C¶se hnizmknIÄ¡p s]mXpZÀi\w \evIn kwkmcn¡pIbmbncp¶p amÀ]m¸. temI¯nsâ \m\m`mK¯p\n¶p ]Xn\mbnc¡W¡n\p hnizmknIÄ skâv ]otägvkv kvIzbdn amÀ]m¸bpsS ktµiw {ihn¡ms\¯nbncp¶p.

aeapIfnte¡p Ibdm³ ssZhw Fs¶ hnfn¡p¶p, {]mÀY\bv¡pw [ym\¯n\pambn kzbw kaÀ¸n¡m\mWv B hnfn. F¶mÂ, AXnsâ AÀYw k`sb Dt]£n¨p t]mIpI F¶Ã. adn¨v, Rm\nXphsc {]ISn¸n¨n«pÅ AtX AfhnepÅ kvt\lt¯mSpw kaÀ¸W at\m`mht¯mSpwIqSn k`bv¡p ip{iqj \nÀhln¨psImWvSncn¡pw. Fsâ {]mbhpw BtcmKyhpw ]cnKWn¨v ssZhw CXv sN¿m\mWv Ft¶mSv Bhiys¸Sp¶Xvþ amÀ]m¸ hyàam¡n. "amÀ]m¸ \oWmÄ hmgs«' F¶v Dds¡¸dªmWv hnizmknkaqlw AXn\p {]Xyp¯cw \evInbXv.

amÀ]m¸ F¶ \nebn _p[\mgvN _\UnIvSv ]Xn\mdma³ Ahkm\ s]mXp ZÀi\w \evIpw. hymgmgvN IÀZn\mÄamcpambn IqSn¡mgvN \S¯nbtijw At±lw Z£nWtdmanse hn{iatI{µ¯nte¡p t]mIpw. hymgmgvN cm{Xn apX ]pXnb amÀ]m¸sb sXcsªSp¡p¶Xphsc ]t{Xmknsâ knwlmk\w HgnªpInS¡pw. ]pXnb amÀ]m¸sb sXcsªSp¡m\pÅ IÀZn\mÄamcpsS tIm¬t¢hv amÀ¨v ]IpXntbmsS tNcpsa¶mWp IcpXs¸Sp¶Xv.

tIm¬t¢hv \nba¯n t`ZKXn¡p km[yX

h¯n¡m³knän: Xsâ ]n³KmanbpsS sXcsªSp¸v thK¯nem¡m³ _\UnIvSv ]Xn\mdma³ amÀ]m¸ tIm¬t¢hv kw_Ôn¨ \nba¯n Nne amä§Ä hcp¯ntb¡psa¶v h¯n¡m³ hàmhv ^m. s^UdntIm semw_mÀUn kqNn¸n¨p.

amÀ]m¸sb sXcsªSp¡m\pÅ tIm¬t¢hv Bcw`n¡p¶Xn\pÅ kabw kw_Ôn¨ hyhØbnemhpw {][m\ambpw amäw hcp¯pI. \nehnepÅ \nba {]Imcw ]t{Xmknsâ knwlmk\w Hgnªm 15 Znhkw Ignªnt« ]pXnb ]m¸msb sXcsªSp¡p¶Xn\pÅ tIm¬t¢hv Bcw`n¡m\mhq. aäp cmPy§fnÂ\n¶pÅ IÀZn\mÄamÀ¡v tdmanse¯m³ thWvS{X kabw \ÂIm\mWv Cu hyhØ.

F¶m 28\p Øm\samgnbpsa¶p _\UnÎv ]Xn\mdma³ amÀ]m¸ {]Jym]n¨ kmlNcy¯n IÀZn\mÄamÀ¡v t\cs¯ Xs¶ tdman F¯m\mhpw. Cu kmlNcyw IW¡nseSp¯mWv \nehnepÅ \nbaw t`ZKXn sN¿m³ BtemNn¡p¶Xv. C¡mcyw BtemN\m L«¯nemsW¶pw A´na Xocpam\ambn«nsöpw ^m. semw_mÀUn hniZoIcn¨p.

amÀ]m¸bpsS sXcsªSp¸n\mbn {]tXyI {]mÀY\

sIm¨n: ]pXnb amÀ]m¸bpsS sXcsªSp¸n\mbn tIcf¯nse FÃm It¯men¡m tZhmeb§fnepw B{ia§fnepw aT§fnepw amÀ¨v H¶p apX {]tXyI {]mÀY\ \S¯m³ tIcf It¯men¡m sa{Xm³ kanXn (sIkn_nkn) \nÀtZin¨p. B[p\nItemIw DbÀ¯p¶ shÃphnfnIsf a\knem¡n kmÀh{XnIk`sb \bn¡m\pw ]cn]men¡m\pw t{ijvT\mb AP]meIs\ amÀ]m¸bmbn e`n¡p¶Xn\mWp {]mÀY\ \S¯p¶Xv. k`m {]t_m[\{]Imcw amÀ]m¸bpsS sXcsªSp¸v FÃm hnizmknIfpw ]¦ptNcp¶ {]{InbbmWv. \nc´c {]mÀY\bneqsSbmWv hnizmknIÄ sXcsªSp¸n ]¦pImcmIp¶Xv. ]pXnb amÀ]m¸sb sXcsªSp¡p¶ Znhkw hsc {]mÀY\ XpScpw.

Cu amkw 28þ\v _\UnÎv ]Xn\mdma³ amÀ]m¸ Øm\XymKw sN¿p¶ ]Ým¯e¯n 22þ\v hnip² ]t{Xmknsâ knwlmk\¯ncp¶mÄ BNcn¡p¶ Znhktam AXXv cq]Xm sa{Xm³ \nÝbn¡p¶ {]tXyI Znhktam _\UnÎv ]Xn\mdma³ amÀ]m¸bv¡pthWvSn IrXÚXm Znhy_en AÀ¸n¨v tIcf¯nse FÃm tZhmeb§fnepw {]mÀY\ \S¯Wsa¶pw sIkn_nkn \nÀtZiw \evInbn«pWvSv.

F\n¡pw ]n³Kman¡pwthWvSn {]mÀYn¡Ww: _\UnÎv ]Xn\mdma³

h¯n¡m³ knän: X\n¡pw ]n³Kman¡pw thWvSn {]mÀYn¡m³ _\UnÎv ]Xn\mdma³ amÀ]m¸ hnizmknItfmSv Blzm\w sNbvXp. {XnImeP] {]mÀY\bv¡p tijw skâv ]otägvkv NXzc¯n XSn¨pIqSnb ]Xn\mbnc¡W¡n\p XoÀYmSIsc A`nkwt_m[\ sN¿thbmWv amÀ]m¸ C¡mcyw kv]m\njv `mjbn Bhiys¸«Xv.

F´psImWvSmWv At±lw C¡mcyw kv]m\njn ]dªsX¶p hyàaÃ. {^©v DÄs¸sS aäp `mjIfnepw At±lw XoÀYmSIsc A`nkwt_m[\ sNbvXp. Cu amkw 28\p Øm\samgnbpIbmsW¶p {]Jym]n¨ tijw amÀ]m¸ skâv ]otägvkv NXzc¯n hnizmknIsf A`nkwt_m[\ sNbvXp kwkmcn¡p¶Xv CXmZyamWv.

Xsâ XmakØs¯ P\mebv¡Â\n¶v XoÀYmSIsc A`nkwt_m[\ sNbvX amÀ¸m¸sb ZÀin¡m³ Hcp e£t¯mfwt]À skâv ]otägvkv NXzc¯n XSn¨pIqSnsb¶mWp dnt¸mÀ«v. amÀ]m¸ P\mebv¡Â {]Xy£s¸«bpS³ ]m¸m \oWmÄ hmgs« F¶v P\¡q«w D¨¯n ]dªp. Al´bpw X¶nãhpw shSnªv ssZh¯n B{ibn¡m\pw kzbw \hoIcn¡m\pw hnizmknIsf amÀ]m¸ DZvt_m[n¸n¨p. Bßob ASp¸¯nsâbpw kvt\l¯nsâbpw {]Xn^e\amWv Cu henb hnizmk kaqlsa¶v At±lw ]dªp.

amÀ]m¸ ]n¶oSv h¯n¡m³ sIm«mc¯nte¡p aS§n. HcmgvN \ofp¶ [ym\¯nteÀs¸Sp¶ _\UnÎv ]Xn\mdma³ C\n s]mXpP\§Ä¡p ap¶n {]Xy£s¸SpI ASp¯ RmbdmgvNs¯ {XnImeP] {]mÀY\m thfbnembncn¡pw.

27\v hoWvSpw Hcp XhWIqSn At±lw skâv ]otägvkv NXzc¯n hnizmknIsf A`nkwt_m[\ sN¿p¶XmWv. 28\v Øm\samgnªtijw slentIm]vSÀ amÀKw tdman\p kao]apÅ Imkn sKmtWvSmÄt^mbnte¡p t]mIp¶ amÀ]m¸ cWvSp amkt¯mfw AhnsS sNehgn¡pw. h¯n¡m\nse \hoIcn¨ ap³ B{ia aµnc¯nembncn¡pw ]n¶oSv At±l¯nsâ Xmakw.
]pXnb amÀ]m¸sb sXcsªSp¡p¶Xn\pÅ tIm¬t¢hv amÀ¨v 15\p ap¼v Bcw`n¡m³ km[yXbpÅXmbn IgnªZnhkw dnt¸mÀ«pWvSmbncp¶p.


tIm¬t¢hv t\cs¯ \S¯m³ km[yXsb¶v

h¯n¡m³knän: _\UnIvSv ]Xn\mdma³ amÀ]m¸bpsS ]n³Kmansb sXcsªSp¡m\pÅ IÀZn\mÄamcpsS tIm¬t¢hv amÀ¨v 15\p ap¼p tNÀt¶¡psa¶v h¯n¡m³.

IÀZn\mÄamscÃmw tdmanepsWvS¦n tIm¬t¢hv amÀ¨v 15\p ap¼p XpS§psa¶v h¯n¡m³ hàmhv ^m. s^UdntIm semw_mÀUn Adnbn¨p. 15\pw 20\pw CSbvt¡ tIm¬t¢hv Bcw`n¡m³ km[yXbpÅqsh¶mWv h¯n¡m³ t\cs¯ hyàam¡nbncp¶Xv.

tIcf¯nÂ\n¶pÅ amÀ tPmÀPv Bet©cnbpw amÀ _tkentbmkv ¢oankpaS¡w 118 t]cmWv Ct¸mÄ tIm¬t¢hn ]s¦Sp¡m³ AÀlXbpÅhÀ.

s^{_phcn 28\p Øm\samgnªtijw _\UnÎv ]Xn\mdma³ tdman\p kao]apÅ th\¡me hkXnbmb ImÌ sKmtWvSmÄt^mbn cWvSpamkt¯mfw Xmakn¡psa¶v^m. semw_mÀUn Adnbn¨p. h¯n¡m\n At±lw ]n¶oSp Xmakn¡m³t]mIp¶ ap³ B{iaaµnc¯nsâ \hoIcWtPmenIÄ Cu kab¯p ]qÀ¯nbm¡pw.

CXn\nsS, Xsâ iàn £bn¡p¶Xmbpw amÀ]m¸m Øm\¯v A[nI\mÄ DWvSmhnsöpw _\UnÎv ]Xn\mdma³ Ignª HmKÌn hyàam¡nbncp¶Xmbn PÀa³ ]{X{]hÀ¯I³ ]oäÀ kohmÄUv A\pkvacn¨p. 2010 cNn¨ temI¯nsâ shfn¨w F¶ ]pkvXIhpambn _Ôs¸«v ImÌ sKmtWvSmÄt^mbn \S¯nb A`napJ¯nembncp¶p C¡mcyw hyàam¡nbXv.
F\n¡p {]mbm[nIyambncn¡p¶p. Fsâ tijn Ipdbp¶p. BhiyambsXÃmw CXn\Iw {]hÀ¯n¨psh¶p IcpXp¶pþ amÀ]m¸ A`napJ¯n ]dªp. cmPn ]cnKW\bneptWvSmsb¶ tNmZy¯n\v, imcocnItijn A\pkcn¨mbncn¡pw A¡mcyw Xocpam\n¡pIsb¶pw _\UnÎv ]Xn\mdma³ Iq«nt¨À¯Xmbn kohmÄUv ]dªp.

ZuXy\nÀhlW¯n\p imcocnIambpw am\knIambpw Bßobambpw ]cm[o\XIfpsWvS¶v Hcp amÀ]m¸bv¡p t_m[ys¸«m cmPnhbv¡m\pÅ AhImihpw _m[yXbpw At±l¯n\psWvS¶p _\UnÎv ]Xn\mdma³ A`n{]mbs¸«n cp¶Xmbn ]pkvXI¯n kohmÄUv NqWvSn¡m«n.

Øm\XymK¯n\v k½n{i {]XnIcWw


sR«Â, Ahnizmkw, Bi¦, HSphn BZcw. C§s\ k½n{i hnImc§tfmsSbmWp _\UnIvSv ]Xn\mdma³ amÀ]m¸bpsS Øm\XymKhmÀ¯sb temIw kzoIcn¨Xv. al\obamb XymKa\xØnXnsb {]IoÀ¯n¨ am[ya§fpw P\t\X¡mfpw amÀ¸m¸bpsS Xocpam\¯n\p ]n¶nse tNtXmhnImcs¯ DÄs¡mÅm³ aSn¨nÃ.

B[p\nI ImeL«¯nse BZy PÀa³ amÀ]m¸bpsS Øm\XymK hmÀ¯bpsS sR«en\nSbnepw PÀa³ P\X _\UnIvvSv 16þma³ ]m¸bpsS tkh\§Ä¡p \µn ]dªp. tPmk^v dmävknwKÀ F¶ _\UnÎv amÀ]m¸bpsS P·\mSmb _thdnbbnse skâv HmkzmÄUv ]Ånbn hnizmknIÄ ]q¡Ä AÀ¸n¨p.

"At±lw temI¯nsâ apgph³ amÀ]m¸bmWv, ]t£ At±lw Xsâ amXrcmPyhpambn At`Zyamb _Ôw \ne\nÀ¯nt¸mcp¶pWvSv. At±lw \m«nse¯pt¼mÄ \ap¡Xp a\knem¡m³ km[n¡pw.' PÀa³ {]knUâpw s{]m«Ìâv ]mÌdpamb tPmhm¡nw tKm¡v ]dbp¶p.

At±lw R§fpsS cmPy¡mc\mbXn R§Ä A`nam\n¡p¶pþPÀa³ Nm³keÀ B©e saÀ¡Â A`n{]mbs¸«p.

PÀa\nbnse Smt»mbnUv ]{Xamb _nÂUv \½psS "]m¸' PÀa\nbnte¡p Xncn¨p hcnà F¶p {]kn²oIcn¨mWv X§fpsS \ncmi Adnbn¨Xv.

kvs]bn\nse sa{Xm·mÀ amÀ]m¸bpsS Øm\XymK¯n sR«epw Bi¦bpw Adnbn¨p. R§sf Cu Xocpam\w hfsc Bg¯n _m[n¨ncn¡p¶p. R§Ä icn¡pw A\mYcmbXpt]msebmWp tXm¶p¶Xv. AtXkabw ZpxJnXcpamWv. At±l¯nsâ in£W¯nepw ]nXrXpeyamb ASp¸¯nepw R§Ä kpc£nXcmbn tXm¶nbncp¶p kv]m\njv _nj]vkv Iu¬kn ta[mhn IÀZn\mÄ AtâmWntbm acnb dqt¡m htce ]dªp.

temI¯n BsIbpÅ 120 tImSn It¯men¡cn 42 iXam\t¯mfw Xmakn¡p¶ emän³ Atacn¡bn _\UnÎv amÀ]m¸bpsS Øm\XymKw A¼c¸pw Bi¦bpw P\n¸n¨p, H¸w CXv BZys¯ kv]m\njv amÀ]m¸bnte¡p hgn sXfn¡psa¶ Dulmt]ml§fpw hfÀ¯n.

temI¯nse Gähpw henb It¯men¡m cmPyamb {_koen ]{X§fpw hmÀ¯m am[ya§fpw sh_vsskäpIfpw ImÀWnh hmÀ¯Isf cWvSmw Øm\t¯¡p ]n´Ån X§fpsS KmednIÄ _\UnÎv 16þma³ amÀ]m¸bpsS Nn{X§ÄsImWvSp \nd¨ncn¡pIbmWv. Xsâ A\mtcmKyhpw Øm\XymKhpw At±lw ap³Iq«n IWvSncps¶¶v dntbm Un jmt\bvtdm BÀ¨v_nj]v Hdm\n sSws]Ì ]dªp. kµÀi\¯n\mbn B Znhkw Dd¸n¡pt¼mÄ amÀ]m¸ ]dªXv temI bphP\Zn\¯n\p amÀ]m¸bpWvSmIpw, AXp Xmt\m Xsâ ]n³Kmantbm Bbncn¡pw F¶mbncp¶psh¶pw Hdm\n ]dªp. enabnse BÀ¨v_nj]v IÀZn\mÄ bphm³ eqbnkv kn{]nbm\n Cu Øm\XymKs¯ hntij¸n¨Xv FfnabpsS ktµihpw kXy¯nsâ _lpaXnbpw F¶mWv.

^nen¸o³kv {]knUâv s_\ntªm AIznt\m amÀ]m¸bpsS Øm\XymK¯n henb tJZw {]ISn¸n¨p. Ct¸mÄ Øm\¯p XpScm³ BtcmKyØnXn A\phZn¡p¶nsöp {]Jym]n¡pt¼mÄ At±l¯nsâ {]mÀY\bpw IcpWbpw sXm«dnª It¯men¡m kaql¯ns\m¸w R§fpw tNcpIbmsW¶v s_\ntªm ]dªp.

{_n«ojv te_À ]mÀ«n t\Xmhv FUv anen_m³Uv ]dªXv _\UnÎv amÀ]m¸ Hcp [ocamb Xocpam\saSp¯p F¶mWv. {_n«sâ No^v dm_n temÀUv kmIvkv _\UnÎv amÀ]m¸sb hntijn¸n¨Xv im´\pw kuay\pamb hyàn F¶mWv.

Bw¥n¡³ k`bpsS Xeh\pw ImâÀ_dn BÀ¨v_nj¸pamb PÌn³ shÂ_n ]dªXv ZpxJt¯msSbpw F¶m kmlNcys¯¸än ]qÀWt_m[yt¯msSbpamWv Xm³ amÀ]m¸bpsS Øm\XymKhmÀ¯ tI«Xv F¶mWv.

_\UnÎv amÀ]m¸ It¯men¡mþblqZ _Ôw CXphscbnÃm¯b{X Dbc¯n F¯ns¨¶v \yqtbmÀ¡nse temI blqZ tIm¬{Kkv {]knUâv sdmWmÄUv Fkv.temUÀ ]dªp. ap¼v Hcp amÀ]m¸bpw C{Xb[nIw kn\tKmKpIÄ kµÀin¨n«nÃ. kµÀin¨ FÃm cmPy§fnsebpw blqZkaql {]Xn\n[nIsf At±lw kµÀin¨n«pWvSv.

blqZcpambpÅ _Ôw hfÀ¯m³ At±ls¯t¸mse asämcp amÀ]m¸bpw C{X ]cn{ian¨n«nà sdmWmÄUv Fkv. temUÀ A`n{]mbs¸«p.

amÀ]m¸bpsS Øm\XymKw: ]{X§fnse {]XnIcWw


KmÀUnb³

_\UnIvSv ]Xn\mdma³ ]m¸mbpsS t]mse Hcp Øm\XymK Xocpam\w kao] \qämWvSpIfn \S¶n«nÃm¯Xn\m Ghcnepw sR«epWvSm¡n. ISp¯ BtcmKy{]iv\§Ä¡nSbnepw XXvØm\¯p XpSÀ¶ At±l¯nsâ ap³KmanbpsS Xocpam\¯n\p hncp²amWv CXv.

\yqtbmÀ¡v ssSwkv

F«p hÀjw ap¼v 78þmw hbkn _\UnIvSv 16þma³ amÀ]m¸ Øm\taev¡pt¼mÄ At±lw temIkwc£I\mIpsa¶pw Xsâ ap³Kmanbmb tPm¬ t]mÄ cWvSmasâ amÀKw ]n´pScpsa¶pw It¯men¡m ]ÞnX·mÀ {]hNn¨ncp¶p. FgpXs¸« hm¡pIÄ IW¡nseSp¯m _\UnIvSv 16þma³ ]m¸sb Hcp henb hnPbambn ImWm³ km[n¡pw. kvt\ls¯bpw Zm\s¯bpwIpdn¨pÅ At±l¯nsâ Nm{InIteJ\§fpw CutimbpsS PohnXs¯¡pdn¨pÅ aq¶p ]pkvXI§fpw hfsc {]iwk t\Snbhbpw It¯men¡m aXt_m[\cwK¯p h³ kw`mh\IÄ \evInbhbpambncp¶p.

Z ssSwkv

600 hÀj¯n\nsS Øm\XymKw sN¿p¶ BZy amÀ]m¸bmbXv _\UnIvSv 16þma³ ]m¸bpsS hyàn]camb ]cmPbaÃ. ]Icw k` amÀ]m¸bpsSta Gev]n¨ henb Bhiy§fpsS shfns¸Sp¯emWv. FfnatbmsS, B Bhiy§Ä km[yam¡m³ Xm³ Aià\msW¶v At±lw Xocpam\n¡pIbmbncp¶p. CXv hfsc Ipeo\hpw \nkzmÀYhpamb Xocpam\amWv.


amÀ]m¸bv¡p t]kvta¡À LSn¸n¨ncp¶p

h¯n¡m³ knän: _\UnIvSv ]Xn\mdma³ amÀ]m¸bv¡v Iptd¡mew ap¼p t]kvta¡À LSn¸n¨ncp¶p. h¯n¡msâ HutZymKnI hàmhv ^m. s^Udnt¡m semw_mÀUnbmWv C¶se CXp shfns¸Sp¯nbXv. t]kvta¡dnse _mädnIÄ amänhbv¡m³ aq¶pamkw ap¼p sNdnsbmcp ikv{X{Inb \S¯nbXmbpw ^m. semw_mÀUn ]dªp.

F¶mÂ, amÀ]m¸bpsS s]mXp BtcmKy\ne Xr]vXnIcambncps¶¶pw At±lw A`n{]mbs¸«p. t]kvta¡À LSn¸n¨Xnsâ ^eambn«Ã, s]mXphmb BtcmKy\nesb¸änbpÅ hnebncp¯ensâ ^eambn«mImw amÀ]m¸bpsS Øm\XymKw F¶p ^m. semw_mÀUn A`n{]mbs¸«p. Øm\XymKw X§sf sR«n¨Xmbn ^m. semw_mÀUn Xn¦fmgvN ]dªncp¶p. kÔnIfnse thZ\aqew kao]amk§fn hSnbpw samss_ ¹mävt^mapw amÀ]m¸ D]tbmKn¡p¶pWvSmbncp¶p. ]SnIÄ Ibdm\pw Cd§m\pw _p²n ap«nbncp¶p.


Xncioebv¡p ]n¶nte¡v henb ap¡phsâ ]n³Kman

"2005 G{]nÂ19\v IÀZn\mÄamÀ Fs¶ `ctaev]n¨ tdmansâ sa{Xm\pw ]t{Xmknsâ ]n³Kmanbpw F¶ ]Zhn ]qÀW kzmX{´yt¯msS thsWvS¶phbv¡p¶p. 2013 s^{_phcn 28\p cm{Xn F«p apXÂ hnip² ]t{Xmknsâ knwlmk\w HgnªpInS¡pw. ]pXnb amÀ]m¸sb sXcsªSp¡p¶Xn\pÅ tIm¬t¢hv AXn\p tbmKycmbhÀ hnfn¨ptNÀ¡Ww.'

än.kn. amXyp

2005 G{]n 19. tdman kabw kmbmÓ¯nÂ

6.43. skâv ]otägvkv _knen¡bpsS a«p¸mhnse Kmednbn IÀZn\mÄ XncpkwL¯nsâ t{]mt«m Uo¡³ IÀZn\mÄ tjmÀPv BÀXptdm saZo\ FkvsXshkv h¶p. At±lw C§s\ hnfw_cw sNbvXp.

A\q¬tjym thm_nkv KuZnbw

amªpw.

lt_aqkv ]m¸mw.

Fans\´nknaw AIv dhd´nknaw sZmao\pw, sZmao\pw tPmk^v, kmMvtX sdmamt\ Ft¢kntb IÀZn\mew dmävknwKÀ, Izn kn_n t\msa³ Cwt]mkzoäv _\UnIvSn sUkntaskIvÌn.

(henb kt´mj¯nsâ hmÀ¯ Rm³ \n§sf Adnbn¡p¶p. \aps¡mcp ]m¸msb e`n¨ncn¡p¶p. _\UnIvSv ]Xn\mdma³ F¶ t]cp kzoIcn¨ncn¡p¶ AXyp¶X IÀZn\mÄ tPmk^v dmävknwKÀ)

t]mfWvSpImc\mb tPm¬ t]mÄ cWvSmasâ ]n³Kmanbmbn IÀZn\mÄ dmävknwKsd sXcsªSp¯Xnsâ {]Jym]\ambncp¶p AXv. {]mbtasds¨¶, tcmK_m[nX\mbn ImewsNbvX amÀ]m¸bpsS ]n³Kman 78 hbkpImc\mIpsa¶v Bcpw {]Xo£n¨XÃ. ]{´WvSmw ]obqkv ]m¸mbv¡ptijw tPm¬ 23þmas\ sXcsªSp¯Xpt]msemcp kw`hambn CXns\ \nco£IÀ hnebncp¯n.

Xsâ hn{iaanÃm¯ bm{XIfpw amkvacnIiànbpÅ {]`mjW§fpw L\Kw`ocamb i_vZhpw Bscbpw BIÀjn¡p¶ apJ`mhhpwhgn “t{Käv IayqWnt¡äÀ F¶ hntijw t\Snb Bfmbncp¶p tPm¬ t]mÄ cWvSma³. ]n³Kmanbmbn sXcsªSp¡s¸« IÀZn\mÄ dmävknwKÀ ]e Imcy§fnepw hyXykvXX ]peÀ¯n. Bgtadnb ssZhimkv{X cN\IfpsS IÀ¯mhmWp dmävknwKÀ. tPm¬t]mÄ cWvSmasâ Ime¯p hnizmk XncpkwL¯nsâ Xeh³ F¶ \nebn k`bpsS Nn´m[mcIsf \nb{´n¨ ISpw]nSn¯¡mc³ F¶ hntijWhpw At±l¯n\pWvSmbncp¶p.

Bt]£nIXbvs¡Xntc

k`mhnaÀiIÀ¡p ]eXpw ]dbm\pWvSmbncp¶p. ]t£, FÃmhcpw cWvSpaq¶p Imcy§Ä AwKoIcn¨p. At±l¯nsâ _u²nIamb Hu¶Xyw, Nn´bnse hyàX, t_m[y§fnse Dd¸v. Hcp k`mtae[nImcn¡v Ahiyw thWvS Cu KpW§sfÃmw PÀa³Imc\mb At±l¯n\pWvSmbncp¶p.

amÀ]m¸bmIpw ap¼v Im \qämtWvSmfw h¯n¡m\nse apJy]ZhnIÄ Ae¦cn¨ At±lw k` BZnaqey§fnte¡p aS§Wsa¶p \nÀ_Ôn¨p. hnizmks¯bpw kZmNmcs¯bpw [mÀanIXsbbpw kw_Ôn¨p hn«phogvNIÄ¡v At±lw XbmdmbnÃ. [mÀanI Bt]£nIXsb Xsâ ap³Kmansbt¸mse At±lhpw FXnÀ¯p.

AXpamImw CXpamImw F¶Xà icnbmb coXnsb¶p _\UnIvSv ]Xn\mdma³ ]Tn¸n¨p. C¶p hnizmk¯nsâ aqe{]iv\w Cu Bt]£nIXmhmZamsW¶v At±lw NqWvSn¡m«n. k`bpw am\hkaqlhpw FXncntSWvSXv Bt]£nIXmhmZ¯nsâ kÀhm[n]Xyt¯mSmsW¶v 2005þ bphP\§tfmSp \S¯nb {]`mjW¯n At±lw ]dªp.

Nm{InIteJ\§Ä

aq¶p Nm{InIteJ\§fmWv At±lw FgpXnbXv. tZhqkv Imcn¯mkv FkvXv (ssZhw kvt\lamIp¶p), kvt] kmÂhn ({]Xymibnse c£), Imcn¯mkv C³ thcn¯ms¯ (kXy¯n kvt\lw) F¶nh.

ssZh¯nsâ Ombbn krãn¡s¸« a\pjy³ ssZh¯n\pw a\pjyÀ¡pambn Xs¶¯s¶ \ÂIm³ X¡hn[w kvt\lw PohnX¯n {]mhÀ¯nIam¡Wsa¶v BZys¯ Nm{InIteJ\¯n _\UnIvSv ]Xn\mdma³ ]Tn¸n¡p¶p. ]cnip² I\yIadnb¯nsâbpw aZÀ sXtckbpsSbpw amXrIbmWv Hmtcm ss{IkvXh\pw ]n³sNtÃWvSsX¶v CXn NqWvSn¡m«p¶p. 2005þemWv CXp {]kn²oIcn¨Xv. 2007þ {]Xymisb¸änbpÅ Nm{InIteJ\w ]pd¯nd¡n.

kmaqly\oXnsb¸änbpÅ k`m]T\¯nsâ B\pImenI AhXcWambncp¶p kXy¯n kvt\lw F¶ aq¶mas¯ Nm{InIteJ\w. \nehnepÅ km¼¯nI{Ia§sf amÀ]m¸ CXn XÅn¸dbp¶p. ]m]¯nsâ hn\miIcamb ^e§Ä Cu km¼¯nI{Ia§fn ]cs¡bpsWvS¶v AXn FSp¯pImWn¡p¶p. _nkn\knepw km¼¯nI_Ô§fnepw kZmNmcw hosWvSSpt¡WvSXnsâ BhiyIXbnte¡v At±lw hncÂNqWvSp¶p.

AanXamb D]t`mK]cXsb F¶pw hnaÀin¨pt]m¶ _\UnIvSv ]Xn\mdma³ bphm¡fpsS kt½f\§fnepw AXv BhÀ¯n¡m³ aSn¨nÃ.

A[ym]I³

kpZoÀLImew skan\mcnIfnepw ssZhimkv{X C³Ìnäyq«pIfnepw ]Tn¸n¨ tijamWv At±lw ayqWnIvþ ss{^knwKv sa{Xmt¸meo¯bmbXv. bqWnthgvknän Hm^v t_m¬, bqWnthgvknän Hm^v Syq_nwK³, bqWnthgvknän Hm^v tdK³kv_ÀKv F¶nhnS§fnemWv At±l¯nsâ A[ym]\PohnXw. C¡mebfhn cWvSmw h¯n¡m³ Iu¬knense ssZhimkv{X hnZKv[cnsemcmfpambncp¶p. lm³kv IpwKv, FtUzÀUv jnÃ_oIvkv, ImÄ dm\À XpS§nbhcpsam¯p {]hÀ¯n¨n«pWvSv. IpwKv Ct¸mgpw kplr¯mbn XpScps¶¦nepw ImÄ dm\sdbmWv At±lw amXrIm ssZhimkv{XÚ\mbn IW¡m¡p¶Xv.

ssZhimkv{X¯nse \ho\kcWnbpambn ASp¯p _Ôs¸« At±lw A[ym]\Ime¯pXs¶ hntamN\ ssZhimkv{X¯nsâ hgn]ng¨ t]m¡ns\ hnaÀin¨pt]m¶p. Ccn¡pwI¼v apdn¡p¶ Xo{h\ne]mSpIÄ FSp¡p¶htcmSv Hcn¡epw At±lw s]mcp¯s¸«nÃ.

_thdnbbnÂ\n¶v

1927 G{]n 16þ\p PÀa\nbnse _thdnb kwØm\¯p P\n¨ tPmk^v Atemjykv dmävknwKÀ 1945þ skan\mcnbn tNÀ¶p. H¸w ktlmZc³ tPmÀPpw DWvSmbncp¶p. ChcpsS GI ktlmZcn acnb AhnhmlnXbmbn PohnXwIgn¨v 1991þ \ncymXbmbn. t]meokv Hm^okdmb tPmk^pw acnbbpambncp¶p ChcpsS amXm]nXm¡Ä. 1951þ tPmk^v dmävknwKdpw tPmÀPpw ]utcmlnXyw kzoIcn¨p.

ssZhimkv{X]T\w XpSÀ¶ tPmk^v dmävknwKÀ hnip² AKÌnsâ k`mZÀi\¯n P\§fpw ssZh`h\hpw F¶ {]_Ô¯n\p tUmIvStdäv t\Sn. 1959 apX 77 hsc A[ym]I\mbncp¶p.

1977 amÀ¨n BÀ¨v_nj¸mb At±ls¯ As¡mÃw PqWn IÀZn\mÄØm\t¯¡v DbÀ¯n. \mephÀj¯n\ptijw 1981þ hnizmk XncpkwL¯nsâ {]os^IvSmbn h¯n¡m\nse¯n. 2005 G{]n 19þ\v amÀ]m¸mØm\t¯¡v DbÀ¯s¸Spt¼mtg¡pw IÀZn\mÄ XncpkwL¯nse Gähpw {][m\ AwKambn At±lw DbÀ¶ncp¶p.

IÀ¯mhnsâ D]IcWw

Xs¶ sXcsªSp¯Xmb {]Jym]\¯n\ptijw skâv ]otägvkv _knen¡bpsS a«p¸mhnse¯nb IÀZn\mÄ dmävknwKÀ ]dªXv "AtbmKyamb D]IcW§ÄsImWvSpt]mepw Imcy§Ä sN¿m³ sI¸pÅh\mb IÀ¯mhn Rm³ icWwhbv¡p¶p' F¶mWv. IÀ¯mhnsâ ap´ncnt¯m¸nse hn\oX ]Wn¡mc³ F¶p kzbw hntijn¸n¨mWv At±lw At¸mÄ kwkmcn¨Xv.

C¶nt¸mÄ Xsâ {]mbm[nIyw ]cnKWn¨v Øm\XymKw sN¿pt¼mÄ At±lw ]dbp¶Xp ]t{Xmknsâ ZuXyw ]n´pScm³ Xsâ imcocnI\ne t]mcm F¶mWv. Hcn¡ÂIqSn Cu PÀa³ ssZhimkv{XÚ³ Xsâ XmXv]cys¯¡mÄ k`bpsS XmXv]cys¯ FSp¯p]dªp Xocpam\saSp¯ncn¡p¶p.

amÀ]m¸bpsS Øm\XymKw Ncn{X¯neqsS

amÀ]m¸bpsS Øm\XymKw B[p\nIIme¯p ]eh«w NÀ¨mhnjbambn«psWvS¦nepw Hcp km[yXbmbn Bcpw IWvSn«nÃ. _\UnIvSv ]Xn\mdmasâ ap³Kman tPm¬ t]mÄ cWvSma³, ]mÀ¡n³k¬kv AS¡w ]e tcmK§fm ]oUnX\mbncp¶t¸mÄ cmPnkm[yX ]ecpw NqWvSn¡m«nbncp¶p. F¶m k`bpsS `uXnI]cam[nImcn F¶ ]ZhnbnÂ\n¶pÅ hnSpX Hcp kw`mhyXbmbn Bcpw IW¡m¡nbnÃ.

AXp cmPnbÃ

k`mNcn{X¯n 1415 {KnKdn ]{´WvSma³ amÀ]m¸bpsS cmPnbmWv CXn\pap¼p ]m¸mØm\¯p\n¶pÅ Ahkm\s¯ cmPnbmbn ]dbs¸Sp¶Xv. bYmÀY¯n AXns\ cmPn F¶p ]dbp¶Xp icnbÃ. ]m¸mØm\t¯¡p {KnKdn ]{´WvSmas\ sXcsªSp¡p¶Xn\p ap¼pÅ IcmÀ {]Imcambncp¶p B cmPn. AXp \S¸m¡m³ Hcp kq\ltZmkv IqSn Xocpam\w FSpt¡WvSnbpwh¶p.

cmPnh¨ {KnKdn ]{´WvSmas\ {^kvImXnbnse sa{Xm\pw IÀZn\mÄ XncpkwL¯nsâ Uo\pw At¦mWbnse Øncw {]Xn\n[n (setKäv)bpambn \ne\ndp¯n. 1415 Øm\XymKw sNbvX At±lw 1417 A´cn¨tijamWp ]n³Kmansb sXcsªSp¯Xv. amÀ«n³ A©ma\mbncp¶p ]n³Kman.

skeÌn³ A©ma³

kzta[bm cmPnh¨ amÀ]m¸ F¶ hntijWw skeÌn³ A©ma³ amÀ¸m¸bv¡pÅXmWv. ]Xnaq¶mw \qämWvSn Pohn¨ncp¶ Hcp hnip² k\ymknbmWp skeÌn³ A©ma³ F¶ t]cn amÀ]m¸bmbXv. 1215 apX 1296 tabv 19 hscbmbncp¶p PohnXImew.

]ntbt{Xm B³Ptedntbm F¶ Cu k\ymknsb 1294emWp amÀ]m¸bmbn sXcsªSp¯Xv. Pqsse A©n\p sXcsªSp¡s¸« At±lw HmKÌv 29\p Øm\taäp. Unkw_À 13\p Øm\XymKw sNbvXp.

Øm\XymK\nbaw DWvSm¡n

Cu Npcp§nb Ime¯n\pÅn At±lw cWvSp kp{][m\ \nbahyhØIÄ k`bn \S¸m¡n. H¶mat¯Xp amÀ]m¸sb sXcsªSp¡m\pÅ clky tIm¬t¢hns\¸änbmbncp¶p. amÀ]m¸sb sXcsªSp¡pwhsc IÀZn\mÄamsc ]pd¯phnScpsX¶ {KnKdn ]¯ma³ ]m¸mbpsS D¯chv ØncoIcn¡p¶Xmbncp¶p CXv. Cu \nbaw C¶pw Imcyamb amäanÃmsX XpScp¶p.

cWvSmas¯ D¯chv amÀ]m¸bv¡p Øm\XymKw sN¿m³ AhImiw \ÂIp¶Xmbncp¶p. B AhImiw kzta[bm {]tbmKn¨ BZys¯bmÄ skeÌn³ A©ma³ Xs¶bmWv. cWvSmas¯bmÄ 719 hÀj¯n\ptijw Ct¸mÄ _\UnIvSv ]Xn\mdma\pw.

Xm]kPohnXw

knknenbn P\n¨ ]ntbt{X, B³PtedntbmbpsS sNdp¸¯nte ]nXmhp acn¨p. XpSÀ¶p Irjn¸WnIfnteÀs¸« ]ntbt{Xm ]Xnt\gmw hbkn _\UnIvssS³ k\ymkk`bn tNÀ¶p. Iptd¡gnªt¸mÄ kwLPohnXw hn«v tamtdmsW aebn GIm´PohnXhpw X]kpw Bcw`n¨p. A©phÀjw Ignªv tamtdmsW hn«v cWvSp k\ymknamtcmSpIqSn abntbÅ aebn Xmakam¡n. AhnsS At±lw XpS§nbXmWp skeÌo³ F¶dnbs¸Sp¶ k\ymkk`.

1292 G{]nen \nt¡mfkv \mema³ amÀ]m¸ A´cn¨t¸mÄ ]n³Kmansb sXcsªSp¡m³ tNÀ¶ IÀZn\mÄkwL¯n\p s]s«s¶mcp Xocpam\w km[yambnÃ. cWvSphÀjw \oWvS NÀ¨IÄ. Cubhkc¯n ]ntbt{Xm IÀZn\mÄamÀ¡v Hcp I¯b¨p. thKw amÀ]m¸sb sXcsªSp¯nsæn AhcpsSta ssZhtIm]w ]Xn¡psa¶mWp I¯n ]dªXv. I¯p hmbn¨ IÀZn\mÄkwL¯nsâ Uo³, e¯ot\m aem{_m¦, ]ntbt{Xmsb amÀ]m¸bmbn sXcsªSp¡m³ \nÀtZin¨p. aäpÅhÀ AXns\ ]n´m§n.

_eambn ]nSnIqSn

{]Xn\n[nIÄ Xsâ B{ia¯nse¯nbt¸mÄ ]ntbt{Xm hnk½Xn¨p. AhnsS\n¶v Hfnt¨mSm³ {ian¨p. HSphn t\¸nÄknsebpw lwKdnbnsebpw cmPm¡·mcpw IÀZn\mÄamcpwIqSn sN¶mWv B{ia¯nÂ\n¶p ]ntbt{Xmsb ]pd¯psImWvSph¶Xv. AIzoem ]«W¯nse km´macnb Un sImsÅ amPntbm tZhmeb¯n 1294 HmKÌv 29þ\v At±lw skeÌn³ A©ma³ F¶ t]cn Øm\taäp.

Xsâ IncoS[mcWw \S¶ tZhmeb¯nse hnip² IhmS¯neqsS Xsâ IncoS[mcW \mfn {]thin¡p¶hÀ¡p ZÞhntamN\w \ÂIp¶Xmbncp¶p At±l¯nsâ BZy D¯chv. Ct¸mgpw B tZhmeb¯n {]kvXpX Zn\w Xncp\mfmbn BtLmjn¡p¶p.

hnip²PohnX¯n\mbn

A©pamkhpw F«p Znhkhpw amÀ]m¸bmbncp¶tijw 1294 Unkw_À 13\v At±lw Øm\XymKw {]Jym]n¨p. Ffnabnepw hnip²nbnepw Pohn¡m\pw IdbnÃm¯ a\xkm£n \ne\ndp¯m\pwthWvSnbpw Xsâ AdnhnÃmbvabpw imcocnI IpdhpIfpw a\knem¡nbpw Xsâ ]qÀhPohnX¯nse {]im´X XncnsI t\Sm\pamWp Øm\XymKw sN¿p¶sX¶p skeÌn³ A©ma³ cmPn {]kvXmh\bn hniZoIcn¨p.

Øm\am\§Ä hn«v Xsâ B{ia¯nte¡p t]mb skeÌn³ A©mas\ ]n³Kman t_m\n^kv F«ma³ ^yqtamWnse tIm«bn IcpX XS¦en kq£ns¨¶mWp Ncn{Xw. 1296 tabv 19\v AhnsS At±lw A´cn¨p. AhnsS¯s¶ kwkvIcn¨ icocmhinjvS§Ä ]n¶oSv AIzoebnse _knen¡bnte¡p amän Øm]n¨p.

B t]cp thWvS

acWtijw 17þmw hÀj¯n 1313 Xsâ cWvSmas¯ ]n³Kmanbmb ¢aâv A©ma\m skeÌn³ A©ma³ hnip²\mbn \maIcWw sN¿s¸«p. At±l¯n\ptijw Hcp amÀ]m¸bpw skeÌn³ F¶ t]cp kzoIcn¨n«nÃ.

skeÌn³ A©masâ PohnXw cWvSp t]À \mSI§fm¡n. CKv\mkntbm kotem¬ ev Ah´pc Un A¬ ]pthtdm {InkvXymt\m (Hcp hn\oX {InkvXym\nbpsS IY) F¶ t]cn 1968epw ]oäÀ _m¬kv k¬skävkv B³Uv t¥mdokv (AkvXab§fpw alXz§fpw) F¶ t]cn 1990epw \mSI§Ä cNn¨p.

aäp cWvSp amÀ]m¸amcpsS cmPnIqSn Ncn{XImc·mÀ tcJs¸Sp¯p¶pWvSv. 1009þ tPm¬ 18þma\pw 1045þ _\UnIvSv H¼Xma\pw. CXn _\UnIvSv H¼Xma³ Øm\XymKw d±m¡n hoWvSpw ]m¸mØm\¯p XpSÀ¶p.

k`sb \mY\p `cta¸n¡mw

(_\UnÎv ]Xn\mdma³ amÀ]m¸ C¶se \S¯nb Øm\XymK{]Jym]\w)

{]nb ktlmZc§sf,

Cu kt½f\w (I¬knÌdn )Rm³ hnfn¨Xp aq¶p t]cpsS hnip²]Z {]Jym]\¯n\pthWvSn am{XaÃ, k`sb kw_Ôn¨ kp{][m\amb Hcp Xocpam\w Adnbn¡p¶Xn\pIqSnbmWv. ]t{Xmknsâ knwlmk\¯nse ip{iqjIÄ DNnXambn \nÀhln¡m³ {]mbm[nIyw aqew thWvS{X Icp¯nsöp ssZhk¶n[nbn BhÀ¯n¨p \S¯nb Bß]cntim[\bn F\n¡p hyàambn. hm¡pIfpw {]hÀ¯\§fpw am{Xaà {]mÀY\bpw kl\hpw Cu B[ymßnI ip{iqj apt¶m«psImWvSpt]mIm³ BhiyamWv F¶Xns\¡pdn¨v F\n¡p \à t_m[yapWvSv.

hnizmkPohnX¯nsâ Bgamb {]kànsb¡pdn¨pÅ tNmZy§fpsSbpw {ZpXKXnbnepÅ amä§fpsSbpw ]nSnbn AaÀ¶ncn¡p¶ C¶s¯ temI¯n ]t{Xmknsâ ]Shns\ \bn¡m\pw kphntijw {]tLmjn¡m\pw a\kn\pw icoc¯n\pw iàn BhiyamWv. Ignª Iptd amk§fmbn imcocnI BtcmKyw £bn¨phcp¶Xn\mÂ, Fs¶ `ctaev]n¨ncn¡p¶ ip{iqj thWvShn[w \nÀhln¡m\pÅ _p²nap«v AwKoIcn¡p¶p. C¡mcW¯mÂ, CXnsâ Kuchw ]qÀWambn DÄs¡mWvSpsImWvSp Rm³ {]Jym]n¡p¶pþ

2005 G{]nÂ19\v IÀZn\mÄamÀ Fs¶ `ctaev]n¨ tdmansâ sa{Xm\pw ]t{Xmknsâ ]n³Kmanbpw F¶ ]Zhn ]qÀWkzmX{´yt¯msS thsWvS¶phbv¡p¶p. 2013 s^{_phcn 28\p cm{Xn F«p apXÂ hnip² ]t{Xmknsâ knwlmk\w HgnªpInS¡pw. ]pXnb amÀ]m¸sb sXcsªSp¡p¶Xn\pÅ tIm¬t¢hv AXn\p tbmKycmbhÀ hnfn¨ptNÀ¡Ww.

{]nb ktlmZc§sf, Ft¶mSp \n§Ä ImWn¨ kvt\l¯n\pw Fsâ ip{iqjbv¡p \ÂInb ]n´pWbv¡pw Rm³ BßmÀYambn \µn ]dbpIbpw F¶nÂ\n¶p h¶ sXäpIÄ¡p am¸ptNmZn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶p. Ct¸mÄ \½psS henb CSb\pw \mY\pamb tbip{InkvXphn\p Xncpk`sb \ap¡p `ctaev]n¡pIbpw ]pXnb amÀ]m¸bpsS sXcªSp¸p kpKaambn \S¯m³ IÀZn\mÄamÀ¡p klmbw \ÂIWsa¶p ]cnip² A½tbmSp {]mÀYn¡pIbpw sN¿mw.

Fs¶ kw_Ôn¨p ]dbpIbmsW¦nÂ, {]mÀY\bv¡mbn kaÀ¸n¨ PohnX¯neqsS Xncpk`sb `mhnbnepw `àn]qÀhw tkhn¡m³ Rm³ B{Kln¡p¶p.

h¯n¡m\nÂ\n¶v, 2013 s^{_phcn 10

_\UnÎv ]Xn\mdma³ amÀ]m¸.


`mcXk`bv¡pw {]nbs¸« ]m¸

tIm«bw: cWvSmbncw hÀjs¯ ]mc¼cyapÅ `mcXk`tbmSp {]tXyI hmÕeyhpw IcpXepw _\UnÎv ]Xn\mdma³ ]m¸bv¡pWvSmbncp¶p. hnip² AÂt^m³km½sb `mcXk`bpsS {]Ya hnip²bmbn h¯n¡m\n {]Jym]n¨Xp _\UnÎv ]Xn\mdma\mWv. `mcXk`bpsS hnizmkssNX\ys¯ Cu NS§n ]nXmhv {]tXyIw ]cmaÀin¨p.

kotdm ae_mÀ k`bpsSbpw kotdm ae¦c k`bpsSbpw taPÀ BÀ¨v_nj¸pamsc IÀZn\mÄ ]Zhnbnte¡pbÀ¯n. amÀ tPmÀPv Bet©cn, amÀ _tkentbmkv ¢o½nkv ImtXmen¡m _mh F¶nhÀ IÀZn\mÄ XncpkwL¯nse AwK§fmbn. ChcpsS Øm\mtcmlW¨S§pIfn k`bpsS X\nabpw ]mc¼cyhpw kqNn¸n¡p¶ Øm\Nn AWnbn¡m³ ]m¸ {]tXyI XmXv]cyw {]ISn¸n¨p.

kotdm ae_mÀ, kotdm ae¦c, e¯o³ k`Ifnse ]nXm¡³amÀ H¶msIbpw X\n¨pw HutZymKnI kµÀi\§Ä¡p h¯n¡m\nse¯pt¼mÄ `mcXk`sb¡pdn¨p X\n¡v Gsd A`nam\apsWvS¶v amÀ]m¸ BhÀ¯n¨ncp¶p. BtKmfk`bv¡v Ht«sd anj\dnamsc kw`mh\ sN¿p¶ \mSmWv `mcXsa¶v hnhn[ thZnIfn _\UnÎv ]Xn\mdma³ ]m¸ ]dªn«pWvSv. hnip²nbpsS Zo]w ]IÀ¶ \nch[n `mcXob k`ma¡fpsS \maIcW \S]SnIÄ¡v C¡me¯v h¯n¡m³ A\paXn \ÂIn. `mcX¯n \n¶v C¡meL«¯n ssZhZmkÀ, [\yÀ, hmgv¯s¸«hÀ F¶o \maIcW L«§fnte¡v DbÀ¯s¸«À ]ecmWv.

_\UnÎv ]Xn\mdma³:

Ncn{X¯n ]Xnª PohnXtcJ

t]cv: tPmk^v Atemjykv dmävknwKÀ
P\\w: 1927 G{]n 16, (aq¶p a¡fn Cfb BÄ)
P\\Øew: amÀ¡ä Bw C³, _thdnb, PÀa\n
]nXmhv: tPmk^v dmävknwKÀ þ t]meokv Hm^okÀ
amXmhv: acnb dmävknwKÀ
hnZym`ymkw: bqWnthgvknän Hm^v ayqWn¡v. tUmIvStdäv: 1953
skan\mcn {]thi\w: 1939
\nÀ_ÔnX ssk\nI tkh\w: 1943þ 1945
Atacn¡³ ssk\yw bp²¯ShpImc\mbn ]nSn¨Xv: 1945
skan\mcn ]p\x{]thi\w: 1945
]utcmlnXy kzoIcWw: 1951 Pq¬ 29.
A[ym]I tkh\w: 1958 þ1969
{^oknwKv tImfPv {]^kÀ: 1958
t_m¬ bqWnthgvknän {]^kÀ: 1959
aq¬ÌÀ bqWnthgvknän {]^kÀ: 1963þ1966
PÀa\nbnse doK³kv_ÀKv bqWnthgvknän
sshkv {]knUâpw XntbmfPn {]^kdpw: 1969
ayqWnIvþ {^oknwKv BÀ¨v_nj]v: amÀ¨v 1977
IÀZn\mÄ ]Zhn: 27 Pq¬ 1977
hnizmk XncpkwLw {]os^IvSv: 1981 \hw_À 25.
_n_vfn¡Â I½ojsâbpw A´mcmjv{S s]m´n^n¡Â
XntbmfPn I½ojsâbpw {]knUâmbpw \nba\w.
IÀZn\mÄ XncpkwLw sshkv Uo³: 1998 \hw_À 6.
IÀZn\mÄ XncpkwLw Uo³: 2002 \hw_À 30.
265þmw amÀ]m¸bmbn sXcsªSp¡s¸«Xv: 2005 G{]n 19.
amÀ]m¸bmbn Øm\mtcmlWw: 2005 G{]n 24.
BZy Nm{InI teJ\w: 25 þ01 þ2006
BZy IÀZn\mÄ tIm¬t¢hpw ]pXnb ]Xn\©p
IÀZn\mÄamcpsS {]Jym]\hpw: 24 þ03 þ2006
t]mfWvSv bm{X: 25 þ05þ 2006
PÀa\n kµÀi\w: 9 þ09 þ2006
SÀ¡n kµÀi\w: 28 þ11 þ2006
{_ko kµÀi\w: 09 þ05 þ2007
Atacn¡³ {]knUâv tPmÀPv _pjpambn
IqSn¡mgvN: 09 þ06 þ2007
1930se kv]m\njv B`y´c bp²¯n sImÃs¸«
498 t]sc hnip²cmbn {]Jym]n¨p: 28 þ10 þ2007
knÌÀ AÂt^m³k AS¡w \mept]sc hnip²cmbn
{]Jym]n¨Xv: 12 þ10 þ2008
B{^n¡ kµÀi\w: 17 þ03 þ2009
A©p t]sc hnip²cmbn {]Jym]n¨Xv: 26þ04 2009
tPmÀZm³, C{ktbÂ, ]ekvXo³ kµÀi\w: 08 þ05 þ2009
hogvNsb¯pSÀ¶p ]cn¡v, ikv{X{Inb: 17 þ07þ 2009
k`bv¡pÅnepWvSmb ssewKnI NqjW§Ä¡p
]ckyambn am¸p]dªXv: 11 þ06þ 2010.
amÀ]m¸bpsS h¯n¡msâ SznäÀ A¡uWvSneqsSbpÅ BZy Szoäv;
h¯n¡msâ ]pXnb sh_vsskäv {]Jym]\w: 28 þ06 þ2011
Iyq_ kµÀi\w: 26þ28 þ03 þ2012.
A\[nIrXambn tcJIÄ kq£n¨ t]m¸nsâ _SveÀ
]mhvtem K{_ntbens\ AdÌv sNbvXp. tcJIÄ
tNmÀ¯n \evInsb¶pw Btcm]Ww: 26 þ05þ 2012.
_SveÀ¡p XShpin£: 06 þ10 þ2012.
Ggp t]sc hnip²cmbn {]Jym]n¨Xv: 21 þ10 þ2012.
amÀ]m¸bpsS ]pXnb ]pkvXIw Pokkv Hm^v
\ktd¯v: Z C³m³kn \tdäohvkv {]Imi\w: 21 þ11 þ2012.
Øm\XymK {]Jym]\w: 11 s^{_phcn 2013.


Øm\XymKw amk§fmbn BtemN\bnepWvSmbncp¶p: amÀ]m¸bpsS ktlmZc³

h¯n¡m³: Øm\Xym Kw sN¿p¶Xns\¸än _\UnÎv ]Xn\mdma³ amÀ]m¸ GXm\pw amk§fmbn BtemNn¨phcpIbmbncp¶psh¶p amÀ]m¸bpsS ktlmZc³ ^m. tPmÀPv dmävknwKÀ. ISÂIS¶pÅ ZoÀLbm{XIÄ C\n \S¯cpsX¶p amÀ]m¸sb tUmÎÀ D]tZin¨ncp¶Xmbpw At±lw shfns¸Sp¯n.

\S¡m\pÅ _p²nap«v amÀ]m¸bv¡p IqSnhcpIbmbncp¶p. AXpsImWvSv At±l¯nsâ Øm\XymKw Hcp kzm`mhnI {]{InbbpsS `mKw am{XamWv. {]mbhpw At±l¯ns\mcp {]XnIqe LSIambn. F¬]©pImc\mb Fsâ ktlmZc³ Ct¸mÄ IqSpXÂ hn{iaw B{Kln¡p¶p: F¬]s¯m¼XpImc\mb ^m. tPmÀPv dmävknwKÀ ]dªp.

 


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