The New Harmful Face of Diabetes
Diabetes has long been with us. Now, ways of Diabetes have changed with the times. Earlier, a person got affected by Diabetes only after the age of 60 years. Moreover, though the illness started at that age, only in the next 15 years, the worse complexities came visible and affected main organs. The disease could be controlled with low dose of medicines and at low cost.
Diabetes was seen as an old age- related disease and the age up to 75 or 80 were easily passed without big issues. The life span was covered with ebbs and flows of the disease. The number of persons who got affected in major organs were also very less. Even if affected by diabetes, it was towards the old age. It did not create much financial, mental or physical difficulties to the patient, family or society.
Dr Johny kannampilly
Senior consultant Diabetologist, Physician, Podiatry and obesity specialist .
drkannampillys Diabetes speciality center kochi
For video consultation booking : 7356419222
Our people are now becoming diabetes-stricken at a younger age of 20’s, 30’s or 40’s. The reasons behind this are mainly unhealthy food habits, lack of exercise and mental stress. As time went by, uncontrolled diabetes starts to affect the organs slowly. And within 15 to 20 years itself, diabetes if not controlled affects major organs severely and one becomes a critically ill patient. A major chunk of middle-age people are under panic with the ill effects and complexities of the disease as well as the cost of treatment.
Diabetes is a major public health problem that is approaching epidemic proportions globally. Worldwide, the prevalence of chronic, non-communicable diseases is increasing at an alarming rate. About 18 million people die every year from cardiovascular disease, for which diabetes and hypertension are major predisposing factors. Today, more than 1.7 billion adults worldwide are overweight, and 312 million of them are obese. In addition, at least 155 million children worldwide are overweight or obese. A diabetes epidemic is underway. According to an estimate of International Diabetes Federation comparative prevalence of Diabetes number of people with diabetes is 246 million (with 46% of all those affected in the 40–59 age group) and likely to increase to 380 m by 2025.
Approximately 425 million adults (20-79 years) were living with diabetes; by 2045 this will rise to 629 million.
A person with type 2 diabetes is 2 – 4 times more likely to get cardiovascular disease, and 80% of people with Diabetes will die from it. Premature mortality caused by diabetes results in an estimated 12 to 14 years of life lost. A person with Diabetes incurs medical costs that are two to five times higher than those of a person without diabetes, and the World Health Organization estimates that up to 15% of annual health budgets are spent on diabetes-related illnesses. The annual direct healthcare costs of diabetes worldwide, for people in the 20–79 age groups, are estimated to be as much as 286 billion.
High economic and social costs of type 2 Diabetes and its rising prevalence make a compelling case for its prevention. Intervention prior to the onset of type 2 Diabetes may be the only way of preventing the complications of Diabetes. Because of its chronic nature, the severity of its complications and the means required to control them, diabetes is a costly disease, not only for affected individuals and their families, but also for the state and country.
According to World Health Organization (WHO), India had 69.2 million people living with diabetes in 2015. Nearly 98 million people in India may have type 2 diabetes by 2030, according to a study published in medical journal Lancet. ICMR INDIAB study showed there are 77 million people with pre-diabetes in india who will become diabetic in the coming years.
Facts and figures by International Diabetes federation
79% of adults with diabetes were living in low- and middle-income countries
The greatest number of people with diabetes were between 40 and 59 years of age
1 in 2 (212 million) people with diabetes were undiagnosed
Diabetes caused 4 million deaths
Diabetes caused at least USD 727 billion dollars in health expenditure in 2017 – 12% of total spending on adults
More than 1,106,500 children were living with type 1 diabetes
More than 21 million live births (1 in 7 births) were affected by diabetes during pregnancy
352 million people were at risk of developing type 2 diabetes
Diabetes is one of the major health challenges of the 21st century. No country. , rich or poor, is immune to the epidemic. It is a chronic, incurable, costly, and increasing but largely preventable non-communicable disease (NCD), which is responsible for millions of deaths annually, debilitating complications, and incalculable human misery.
When our society gets ready to leap with renewed energy, the truth that almost half of the population suffers under the grip of this fatal disease is getting ignored. It is high time that the political leadership, medical fraternity and all sections of the society rise up against this disease that has grave consequences.