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Atacn¡bpw Iyq_bpw ASp¡pt¼mÄ

 
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Ac\qämWvSn\ptijw Atacn¡bpw Iyq_bpw \bX{´ _Ôw ]p\xØm]n¡pt¼mÄ AXnsâ Ncn{X]camb {]m[m\yw hfsc hepXmWv. Atacn¡bnÂ\n¶p tIhew \qä¼Xp IntemaoäÀ am{Xw AIse ØnXnsN¿p¶ Iyq_ F¶ Zzo]pcmjv{S¯nsâ Xehn[n Xncp¯nsbgpXp¶ \S]Sn IqSnbmhpanXv. temI¯nse {]_e iànbmb Atacn¡bpsS \b§tfmSpw \ne]mSpItfmSpw ]ckyamb hntbmPn¸p {]Jym]n¨v Ahcpambn C¡mea{Xbpw s]mcpXn\n¶ Iyq_ F¶ sIm¨pcmjv{Shpw Ac \qämWvSv B cmPys¯ \bn¨ ^nU Imkvt{Smbpw Ncn{X¯nse A]qÀhXIfmWv. F´psImWvSmWp temIw Atacn¡þIyq_ _Ô¯nsâ ]p\xØm]\s¯ henb {]m[m\yt¯msS ImWp¶Xv? Atacn¡³ kulrZ¯neqsS Iyq_bv¡v F´p t\«amWv DWvSm¡m\mhp¶Xv? C¯cw Nne tNmZy§Ä ChnsS Dbcp¶p.

Iyq_þAtacn¡³ _Ô¯nsâ Ncn{X¯neqsS k©cn¨mte ]pXnb kw`hhnImk¯nsâ {]m[m\yw a\knemhpIbpÅq. ^pÄsP³kntbm _mänÌ Atacn¡bpsS ]n´pWtbmsS Iyq_bn tkzÑm[n]Xnbmbn hmWncp¶ 1950þIfn ^nU Imkvt{SmbpsS t\XrXz¯n 81 AwK Kdnem kwLw _mänÌm `cWIqS¯ns\Xntc Hfnt¸mÀ Bcw`n¨p. 1959þ _mänÌbpsS Hfnt¨m«¯nemWv B t]mcm«w Ahkm\n¨Xv. ]n¶oSv Iyq_bn Imkvt{SmbpKw Bcw`n¨p. tkmhyäv ]n´pWtbmsS Imkvt{Sm CSXp]£ `cWw iàns¸Sp¯n. ioXbp²Ime¯v Atacn¡bpsS aq¡n³Xp¼s¯ apÅmbncp¶p Iyq_.

Iyq_bn 1962þ tkmhyäv ansskepIÄ Øm]n¡m\pÅ {iaw aq¶mw temIalmbp²¯n\p XpS¡amhpsa¶p IcpXnbhcpWvSv. Iyq_bnÂ\n¶p anssk amänbnsæn AWpt_mw_v {]tbmKn¡psa¶p bpFkv {]knUâv tPm¬ F^v. sI¶Un ap¶dnbn¸p \ÂIpIhsc sNbvXp. tkmhyäv {]knUâv \nInX {IqjvtNhpw ISp¯ \ne]mSnembncp¶p. temIw Bi¦bpsS apÄap\bnemb B L«¯n A¶p amÀ]m¸bmbncp¶ tPm¬ Ccp]¯naq¶ma³ {]iv\¯n am[yØyw hln¨psh¶Xp kvacWobamWv. GXmbmepw anssk ]n³hen¡m³ tkmhyäv bqWnb³ Xbmdmbn. ]n¶oSpw Iyq_bpw Atacn¡bpw X½nepÅ _Ôw sa¨s¸«nÃ. Imkvt{Smsb ]pd¯m¡m³ Atacn¡ \S¯nb {ia§sfÃmw ]cmPbs¸«p. Atacn¡sb shÃphnfn¨psImWvSp Imkvt{Sm XebpbÀ¯n \ns¶¦nepw B`y´ccwK¯p `cWanIhp Im«mt\m P\ZpcnX§Ä CÃmXm¡mt\m Imkvt{Smbv¡p IgnªnÃ. Iyq_bn Zmcn{Zyhpw sXmgnenÃmbvabpw \mÄ¡p\mÄ hÀ[n¨ph¶p. ]Xn\mbnc§Ä Atacn¡bnte¡p ]emb\w sNbvXp. ZpcnX]qÀWambncp¶p ]emb\sa¦nepw \mÄ¡p\mÄ A`bmÀYnIfpsS kwJy hÀ[n¨psImtWvSbncp¶p. A\[nIrX IpSntbä¡mcn ]ecpw Atacn¡bn XShpImcmbn. \nch[nt]À cmjv{Sobm`bw tXSn Atacn¡³ s]mXp[mcbnepsa¯n. 1980þ Ht¶Im e£w BfpIfmWp Iyq_bnÂ\n¶v Atacn¡bnte¡p ]emb\w sNbvXXv. Ct¸mÄ CcpcmPy§fpw X½nepÅ \bX{´_Ôw ]p\xØm]n¡s¸Spt¼mÄ Gsd kt´mjn¡p¶Xv C¯cw e£¡W¡n\p Iyq_³ hwiPcmWv.

2008 imcocnImhiX aqew ^nU Imkvt{Sm ktlmZc³ duÄ Imkvt{Smbv¡v A[nImcw ssIamdn. Xsâ `cW¯nsâ Ahkm\Ime¯v ^nUepw Atacn¡tbmSv Aev]w abapÅ kao]\amWp kzoIcn¨Xv. H_ma A[nImc¯n h¶Xn\ptijw Iyq_bpambpÅ _Ô¯n DujvafX IWvSpXpS§n. Iyq_bnse _lp`qcn]£hpw B amäs¯ A\pIqen¨p. X§fpsS ZpcnXPohnX¯n\v Ahkm\apWvSm¡m\pÅ Ahkc§Ä AhÀ Atacn¡bn IsWvS¯n. D]tcm[¯nsâbpw Häs¸Sensâbpw bmX\IfnÂ\n¶p Iyq_ tamNnXambn¯pS§n. Atacn¡bn A`bw tXSnb Iyq_¡mÀ¡v P·cmPy¯pÅ _Ôp¡Ä¡p IqSpX ]Ww Ab¨psImSp¡m³ A\phmZw e`n¨p.

Ignª hÀjw Unkw_À ]¯n\p Z£nWm{^n¡³ hntamN\ \mbI³ s\Âk¬ a¬tUebpsS A\pkvacW¨S§n H_mabpw Iyq_³ {]knUâv duÄ Imkvt{Smbpw lkvXZm\w \S¯n ]pXnsbmc[ymb¯n\p XpS¡an«p. Im\UbpsS a[yØXbn Ccp cmPy§fpw X½n ]eh«w kw`mjW§Ä \S¶p. {^m³knkv amÀ]m¸bpw CXn \nÀWmbIamb ]¦phln¨p. 1998 Iyq_ kµÀin¨ tPm¬ t]mÄ cWvSma³ amÀ]m¸ Iyq_bvs¡Xncmb Atacn¡³ D]tcm[s¯ A]e]n¡pIbpw Iyq_bnse P\§Ä¡p IqSpX kzmX{´yw thWsa¶p Iyq_³ kÀ¡mcnt\mSv Bhiys¸SpIbpw sNbvXncp¶p.

Iyq_þAtacn¡ _Ôw ]p\xØm]n¡s¸Sp¶Xns\ kzmKXw sN¿m¯hÀ CcpcmPy§fnepapWvSv. dn¸»n¡³ I£n¡p `qcn]£apÅ Atacn¡³ tIm¬{Kkn Cu \S]Sn H_mabv¡p shÃphnfnbpbÀ¯ntb¡mw. h³iànIfpsS tNcnt¸mcpw {]Xybimkv{X§Ä X½nepw hyànIfpsS Al´ X½nepapÅ Gäpap«epIfpw Hcp cmPys¯bpw km[mcW P\§Ä¡p KpWIcambn«nÃ. tNcnt¸mcnsâ ISp¯ Ibv]v Iyq_ Ignª Ac \qämWvSn A\p`hn¨p. temI¯nsâ ]e `mK§fnepw kwLÀj¯nsâ Aán Bfn\n¡pt¼mÄ Atacn¡³ `qJWvU¯n Hcp \à _Ô¯nsâ \nemhpZn¡p¶psh¶Xv BizmkIcamWv. ASn¨aÀ¯s¸«hÀ¡pw ]pdwtemIw ImWmXncp¶hÀ¡pw kzmX{´y¯nsâbpw ]ptcmKXnbpsSbpw ]pXnb Imew hcp¶Xns\ a\pjykvt\lnIÄ kzmKXw sN¿pw.





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