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July 30, 2014
 
 
    
 
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kv{In]vänÂ\n¶p hyXnNen¡mXncp¶mÂ

t]mfnjv kmlnXyImc³ sl³dnIv knbt¦mhn¨v P·w \ÂInb AXnat\mlcamb Hcp Ncn{X t\mhemWv "tIzm hmZnkv'. 1895þ aq¶p t]mfnjv Zn\]{X§fn Htc kabw XpSÀ¨bmbn {]kn²oIcn¡s¸« Cu t\mh ]ntähÀjw ]pkvXIcq]¯n ]pd¯nd§n. aebmfw DÄs¸sS A¼Xntesd `mjIfnte¡v CXn\Iw hnhÀ¯\w sN¿s¸«n«pÅ Cu t\mh 1905þ kmlnXy¯n\pÅ t\m_ k½m\w t\Sp¶Xn\p knbt¦mhn¨ns\ Gsd klmbn¡pIbpWvSmbn.

tdma³ N{IhÀ¯nbmbncp¶ \otdmbpsS `cWImeamWv Cu t\mhensâ ]Ým¯ew. \otdm N{IhÀ¯nbpsS Ime¯p tdman \SamSnb aX]oU\w Hcp Ncn{XImcsâ kq£vaXtbmsSbmWv knbt¦mhn¨v AhXcn¸n¨ncn¡p¶Xv. knbt¦mhn¨n\v A´mcmjv{S {]kn²n t\Sns¡mSp¯ Cu t\mh kn\namcq]¯n CXnt\mSIw ]eXhW {]Xy£s¸«n«pWvSv. Ahbn Gähpw {]kn²ambXv 1951þ tlmfnhpUn \n¶p ]pd¯nd§nb kn\nabmWv.

"tIzm hmZnkv' F¶ t]cn¯s¶bpÅ Cu kn\na kwhn[m\w sNbvXncn¡p¶Xv saÀhn³ eotdmenbpw {][m\IYm]m{X§fmbn A`n\bn¨ncn¡p¶Xp tdm_À«v sSbveÀ, sUt_md sIÀ F¶nhcpamWv. enPnb F¶ {InkvXym\ns¸¬Ip«nbpw amÀ¡kv F¶ tdma³ {]`phpw X½nepÅ kvt\l¯nsâ IY ]dbp¶ Cu Nn{X¯n Aedp¶ knwl§Ä enPnbsb ISn¨pIodm³ ]mªSp¡p¶ Hcp cwKapWvSv. Cu cwKw jq«v sNbvXp Ignª Ahkc¯n Hcp ]{X dnt¸mÀ«À sUt_mdsb kao]n¨v tNmZn¨p: ""knwl§Ä ]mªphcp¶Xp IWvSt¸mÄ `bs¸«pt]mbntÃ?''

At¸mÄ Hcp ]p©ncntbmsS sUt_md ]dªp: ""F\n¡ev]w t]mepw `bw tXm¶nbnÃ. ImcWw, Xnc¡Y Rm³ \¶mbn hmbn¨ncp¶p. AXn ]dªncp¶X\pkcn¨v, knwl§fpsS hmbn \n¶v Fs¶ c£s¸Sp¯phm\pÅ kwhn[m\w \nÀamXm¡Ä sNbvXn«pWvSmbncp¶p.''

A`n\bn¡pt¼mgmsW¦nepw knwl§Ä ]mªphcp¶Xp ImWpt¼mÄ km[mcW¡mÀ `bs¸«p t]mhntÃ? F¶m sUt_mdbv¡v Aev]w t]mepw `bw tXm¶nbnÃ. ImcWw, knwl§Ä B{Ian¡p¶Xn\pap³]v Ahsb \nb{´n¡p¶hÀ Xs¶ c£s¸Sp¯psa¶p sUt_mdbv¡v Dd¸pWvSmbncp¶p. AhcpsS {]Xo£ sXänbXpanÃ. knwl§fpsS ]cnioeIÀ \Snsb A]ISw IqSmsX c£n¨p.

knwl§fsænepw knwl§sft¸mse \s½ ISn¨pIodphm³ sh¼Â ]qWvSp\n¡p¶ a\pjycpw kmlNcy§fpambncn¡pw Nnet¸msg¦nepw \ap¡v A`napJoIcnt¡WvSnhcnI. A§s\bpÅ Ahkc§fn `bs¸SmsXbpw ]XdmsXbpw \n¡phm³ \ap¡p km[n¡ptam? \½n A]qÀhw t]À¡p am{Xta A§s\ km[n¨psh¶p hcq. km[mcWKXnbn \mw At¸mÄ `b¶p hnd§en¨p \n¡phm\mWp km[yX.

F¶mÂ, \s½¡pdn¨pÅ "kv{In]väv' \ap¡p icn¡v Adnbmsa¦n GXp t]Sns¸Sp¯p¶ kmlNcy¯nepw \mw ]Xdnt¸mhpIbnÃ. F´mWp \s½¡pdn¨pÅ kv{In]väv? BcmWp \s½¡pdn¨pÅ kv{In]väv Xbmdm¡nbncn¡p¶Xv?

\½psS PohnXw GXpcoXnbn apt¶m«pÅ t]mIWsa¶p \nÀtZin¡p¶ Hcp kv{In]väv \mw P\n¡p¶Xn\v F{Xtbm ap³]p Xs¶ Xbmdm¡s¸«n«pWvSv. B kv{In]väv Xbmdm¡nbncn¡p¶Xp aämcpaÃ, ssZhw Xs¶bmWv F¶XmWv Gähpw kt´mjIcamb Imcyw.

ssZhamWp \s½¡pdn¨pÅ kv{In]väv Xbmdm¡nbncn¡p¶sX¦n \mw t]Snt¡WvS ImcyansöXmWp hmkvXhw. ImcWw, ssZhw \ap¡pthWvSn Xbmdm¡p¶ kv{In]väv Gähpw hninjvSambncn¡psa¶Xn kwibw thWvS.

F¶mÂ, {]iv\w AXÃ. ssZhw \s½¡pdn¨v F{X \à kv{In]väv Xbmdm¡nbmepw \mw AX\pkcn¨p apt¶m«p t]mIphm³ hnk½Xn¡p¶p F¶XmWp {]iv\w. ssZh¯n\p \s½¡pdn¨pÅ ¹m\pw ]²Xnbpw Gähpw sa¨s¸«XmsW¦nepw \mw AXnsâ ta· AdnbmsX t]mIp¶p. F¶p am{XaÃ, ssZhw ]dbp¶ hgntb F¶Xns\¡mÄ kzbw tXm¶p¶ hgntb t]mIphm³ \mw {ian¡pIbpw sN¿p¶p. A§s\ \mw kz´w hgntb t]mIpt¼mgmWv \½psS PohnXw ]cmPb¯nte¡p Iq¸pIp¯p¶Xv.

ssZhw \ap¡mbn Xbmdm¡nbncn¡p¶ kv{In]vä\pkcn¨v \½psS PohnX¯n t¢i§Ä¡pw IjvS¸mSpIÄ¡pw Øm\ansöp IcptXWvS. ssZh¯nsâ kv{In]vän \ap¡mbn XoÀ¨bmbpw thZ\Ifpw IjvS¸mSpIfpw DWvSmIpw. F¶mÂ, Ahsbm¶pw \½psS PohnXs¯ XIÀ¡phm³ ssZhw A\phZn¡pIbnsöXmWp hkvXpX. F¶p am{XaÃ, \mw ]Xdnt¸mImXncn¡phm³ AhnSp¶p \s½ klmbn¡pIbpw sN¿pw. ssZh¯nsâ kv{In]vä\pkcn¨p apt¶m«p t]mIphm\pÅ k¶²X \ap¡pWvSmbm \½psS PohnXw ]cn]qÀWambn hnPbn¡pIXs¶ sN¿pw.

\½psS PohnX¯n ]et¸mgpw ]cmPb§fpw Xncn¨SnIfpw A\p`hs¸s«¶ncn¡pw. ]t£, AXpsImsWvSm¶pw \mw `bs¸ScpXv. B ]cmPb§fpw Xncn¨SnIfpw t]mepw \½psS \·bv¡mbn amäphm³ ssZh¯n\p km[n¡pw. \mw icn¡pw `bs¸tSWvSXv \ap¡pWvSmIp¶ ]cmPb§sfbpw Xncn¨SnIsfbpaÃ; {]XypX, ssZhw \ap¡mbn Hcp¡nbncn¡p¶ kv{In]vän \n¶p hyXnNen¡phm\pÅ \½psS hy{KXsbbmWv. ssZhw \ap¡mbn Hcp¡nbncn¡p¶ kv{In]vä\pkcn¨p apt¶m«p t]mIphm³ \ap¡p {ian¡mw. At¸mÄ H¶ns\¡pdn¨pw \ap¡p `bs¸tSWvSnhcnÃ; FÃm Imcy§fpw \½psS \·bv¡mbn `hn¡pIbpw sN¿pw.

 


 
    
 
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