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May 22, 2015
 

Hcp hÀj¯nse 365 Znhkhpw hmbn¡m³ D]bpàamb {]tNmZ\mXvaI Nn´IfmWv PohnX hnPbw. P\phcn H¶p apXÂ Unkw_À 31 hsc hmbn¨\p`hn¡m³ thWvS hn`h§fmWv CXnÂ.

CtX¡pdn¨v {KÙImc³ ]dbp¶p. "Ch Rms\gpXnbXÃ; ssZhw Fs¶s¡mWvSv FgpXn¨XmWv. Bib§fpw IYIfpw AhnSp¶v Fsâ t]\bnte¡v Hgp¡nhnSpIbmbncp¶psh¶pw Fsâ At\Iw Xnc¡pIÄ¡nSbnÂ, AhsbgpXm\pÅ kabw AhnSp¶v Fsâ tai¸pd¯p sImWvSphbv¡pIbmbncp¶psh¶pw tXm¶nt¸mIp¶p. t]\ FtâXmbXpsImWvSv AXntâXmb IpdhpIÄ Cu cN\Ifn DWvSmhpw F¶Xp Rm³ ad¡p¶nÃ.'

Zo]nI ap³ No^v FUnäÀ ^m. tPmkv ]´¹mwsXm«nbn cNn¨ PohnXhnPbw F¶ s_Ìv skÃdnsâ cWvSmw ]Xn¸nsâ sh_v FUnj\mWnXv.

 
    
 
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Bcpw ImWp¶nsænepw

s_Àt«mÄtUm Pntbmhm\n (1420þ 91). A¡mes¯ Gähpw {]KÛ\mb sIm¯p]Wn¡mc\mbncp¶p At±lw. At±lw sIm¯p]Wn A`ykn¨Xv AXn{]KÛ\mb sUmWtätembnÂ\n¶mbncp¶p. ]t£, s_Àt«mÄtUmbpsS HmÀa \ne\nÀ¯m\pXIp¶ {]kn²amb Nn{X§tfm {]XnaItfm C¶p ImWm\nÃ.

F¶mÂ, At±l¯nsâ HmÀa \ne\nÀ¯m³ klmbn¡p¶ Hcp IemImc\pWvSv þ ssa¡fm©tem. temIw IWvSn«pÅ Gähpw henb IemImc·mcn Hcmfmbn C¶p ssa¡fm©tem Adnbs¸Sp¶psWvS¦n AXnsâ Hcp {][m\ ImcWw s_Àt«mÄtUm BWs{X. ssa¡fm©tem Akm[mcW IgnhpIfpÅ Hcp Po\nbkmbncp¶p. F¶mÂ, At±ls¯ temIw Adnbp¶ Hcp A\izc IemImc\m¡p¶Xn s_Àt«mÄtUm hln¨ ]¦v hfsc hepXmWv.

ssa¡fm©tem kvIqfn t]mbXv ^vtfmd³knembncp¶p. ]t£, Xmgv¶ ¢mkpIfnÂh¨pt]mepw ]T\¯nembncp¶nà B _mesâ {i². Ahsâ Nn´ Ft¸mgpw t]mbXp Nn{XcN\bnte¡pw sIm¯p]Wnbnte¡pambncp¶p. ]Tn¡p¶Xntesd kabw B _me³ Nn{XcN\bn Nnehgn¨p.

ssa¡fm©tembv¡p ]Xnaq¶p hbkpÅt¸mÄ Nn{XcN\ ]Tn¡phm³ Ahsâ ]nXmhv a\knÃma\tkmsS Ahs\ A\phZn¨p. A¡me¯p {]kn²cmb KnÀem³UtPm ktlmZc·mcmbncp¶p B _mesâ BZy Kpcp`qXÀ. ]t£, AhÀ ssa¡fm©temsb Imcyambn H¶pw ]Tn¸n¨nÃ. Nn{XcN\bn AhÀ¡dnbmambncp¶ sSIv\n¡pIÄ B _me\p ]dªpsImSp¡p¶Xn AhÀ hnapJX {]ISn¸n¨p.

A§s\bmWv ssa¡fm©tem s_Àt«mÄtUmbpsS kao]sa¯nbXv. s_Àt«mÄtUm ssa¡fm©temsb kt´mj]qÀhw Xsâ injy\m¡n. ssa¡fm©tembpsS IgnhpIÄ BZywXs¶ s_Àt«mÄtUm IWvSdnªp. ]s£, ssa¡fm©tembv¡p Xsâ tPmenbn F´p am{Xw Xmev]cyhpw BßmÀYXbpw DWvS¶p s_Àt«mÄtUmbv¡p kwibapWvSmbncp¶p. ImcWw, ]et¸mgpw thWvS{X AÀ¸W at\m`mhw CÃmsXbmWv ssa¡fm©tem ÌpUntbmbn tPmen sNbvXncp¶Xv. Hcp Znhkw ssa¡fm©tem Hcp {]XnabpsS \nÀamW¯n GÀs¸«ncn¡pIbmbncp¶p. ]t£, s_Àt«mÄtUmbv¡v B sNdp¸¡mcsâ kao]\coXn CjvSs¸«nÃ. ImcyKuchhpw {i²bpanÃmsX ssa¡fm©tem ]WnsN¿p¶Xp IWvSt¸mÄ s_Àt«mÄtUm tIm]wsImWvSp Pzen¨p. At±lw Hcp NpänIsbSp¯p ssa¡fm©tem sIm¯p]Wn sNbvXncp¶ amÀ_nÄ ASn¨pS¨psImWvSp ]dªp: ""ssa¡fm©tem, Ignhv shdpsX e`n¡p¶XmWv. F¶m Ignhv D]tbmKn¡m\pÅ k¶²X hne]nSn¸pÅ Imcyhpw.''

s_Àt«mÄtUm ]dªXv F{X icnbmWv. \½psS IgnhpIÄ ssZhw \ap¡p \ÂIp¶ Zm\§fmWv. AXpsImWvSv Ahsb¡pdn¨v Bß{]iwk sN¿m³ \ap¡v bmsXmcp AhImihpanÃ. F¶mÂ, \ap¡v e`n¨ncn¡p¶ IgnhpIÄ BßmÀYXtbmsS hn\ntbmKn¡pI F¶Xv \½psS ]nSnbnsemXp§p¶ ImcyamWv. A§s\ \mw sNbvXm AtX¡pdn¨v Bß{]iwk sN¿m³ \ap¡p \ymbamb AhImiapWvSmbncn¡pw.

]t£, \½n F{Xtbm Npcp¡wt]À am{XamWv ssZhw \ap¡v X¶ncn¡p¶ IgnhpIÄ hn\ntbmKn¡p¶Xv! \½psS IgnhpIsf¡pdn¨v \mw A`nam\w sImÅpt¼mgpw Ah hn\ntbmKn¡p¶Xn F{Xtbm hnapJcmWv \½Ä! _p²nap«phm\pw IjvSs¸Sphm\pw \ap¡v ]et¸mgpw a\knà F¶Xtà AXn\p ImcWw?

\ap¡v e`n¨ncn¡p¶ IgnhpIÄ \qdpiXam\w BßmÀYXtbmsSbpw AÀ¸W t_m[t¯msSbpw \mw hn\ntbmKn¡pIbmsW¦n AÛpXIcambncn¡pw AXnsâ ^ew. ssa¡fm©tembpsS IYbnte¡pXs¶ aS§nhcmw.

s_Àt«mÄtUmbpsS IognbpÅ in£Ww ssa¡fm©tembv¡v henb KpWw sNbvXp. At±l¯nsâ D]tZihpw t{]mÕml\hpw hgn ssa¡fm©tem Xsâ tPmenbn \qdpiXam\w BßmÀYX ]peÀ¯n. A§ns\bmWv At±lw AÀ¸Wt_m[apÅ Hcp BÀ«nkvämbn amdnbXv. Nn{XcN\bnepw sIm¯p]WnIfnepw AÛpX§Ä krjvSn¨Xv. ssa¡fm©tembv¡v 21 hbkmbncn¡pt¼mÄ At±lw tdmanse¯n. "]nbm¯' F¶ AÛpX {]Xnabv¡v cq]w \ÂIn. I\yImamXmhv tbiphnsâ arXicocw aSnbn InS¯n A´ybm{X ]dbp¶ cwKamWv AXnat\mlcamb Cu {]Xnabn sIm¯nsbSp¯ncn¡p¶Xv. At±lw ]n¶oSv sh®¡Ãn sIm¯nsbSp¯ tUhnUpw tamibpsams¡ inev]Iebnse AÛpX CXnlmk§ÄXs¶.

tdmanse knsÌbn³ Nm¸ensâ ta¯«n At±lw sNbvXncn¡p¶ s]bnânwKpIÄ AXnibIcwXs¶. 1508 apX 1512 hscbpÅ ImeL«¯n ]Xn\mbncw NXpc{i ASn Øe¯mWv kvImt^mÀUnwKn aeÀ¶pInS¶v Nm¸ensâ ta¯«n At±lw hÀWNn{X§Ä hncnbn¨ncn¡p¶Xv. \ne¯p\n¶v 60 ASn Dbc¯nepÅ koenMn sNbvXncn¡p¶ Nn{X§fpsS anIhv {]tXyIw FSp¯p]dtbWvSXmWv. temIkrjvSnbpsS IYbpw ss__nfnse {]apJcmb IYm]m{X§fpw Cu Nn{X§fn {]Xy£s¸Sp¶pWvSv.

Hcn¡Â, knsÌbn³ Nm¸ense Nn{X¸WnIÄ \S¶psImWvSncn¡pt¼mÄ HcmÄ ssa¡fm©temSv ]dªp: ""\ne¯p\n¶v F{Xtbm Dbc¯nemWv Xm¦Ä s]bnâv sN¿p¶Xv. At¸mÄ Nn{X§fpsS ]qÀWXbv¡v Ipdhv h¶mepw Bcpw ImWpInÃtÃm. ]ns¶´n\mWv C{X IjSs¸«v tPmen sN¿p¶Xv.''

DSs\ ]p©ncntbmsS ssa¡fm©tem ]dªp: ""]t£, Rm³ ImWpw!''

aäpÅhÀ ImWphm³thWvSn am{Xambncp¶nà ssa¡fm©tem Nn{XcN\bpw inev]thebpw sNbvXXv. Ah At±l¯nsâ BßmhnjvImc¯nsâ `mKambncp¶p. Ahbn Hcp Ipdhpw hcp¯phm³ At±lw k½Xn¨nÃ.

]et¸mgpw DuWpw Dd¡hpw hn{iahpanÃmsXbmWv At±lw tPmen sNbvXncp¶Xv. A§s\ BßmÀYambn ITn\m[zm\w sNbvXXpsImWvSpIqSnbmWv At±l¯nsâ krjvSnIÄ C¶pw \s½ AÛpXkvX_v[cm¡p¶Xv.

ssa¡fm©temsbt¸mse Po\nbkpIfà \½sf¶p k½Xn¡mw. F¶mÂ, At±l¯n\pWvSmbncp¶ AÀ¸W at\m`mht¯msS \mapw \½psS IgnhpIÄ hn\ntbmKn¨m AXnsâ ^ew AXnibIcambncn¡pw F¶Xn kwibwthWvS.

ssZhw \ap¡v hnhn[ IgnhpIÄ X¶n«pWvSv. F¶mÂ, Ah hnIkn¸n¡phm\pw hn\ntbmKn¡m\pw AhnSp¶v F{Xam{Xw kabw \ap¡v A\phZn¨n«pWvSv F¶p \ap¡v AdnbnÃ.

AXpsImWvSv AekX shSnªv AÀ¸W at\m`mht¯msS \½psS IgnhpIÄ D]tbmKn¨v tPmen sN¿mw. AXphgnbmbn \ap¡v \½psS PohnXhpw aäpÅhcpsS PohnXhpw [\yam¡mw.

 


 
    
 
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