Character sketch

Recall the story and identify the characters.
Describe the role and significance of the character in the story.
Describe the character's physique/appearance.
Describe the personality traits like manners, behaviour, values etc. of the character.
Write about the character's relationship with other characters in the story.
Quote details from the story to substantiate your views.
Check the errors and appropriateness of the language.
Eg: Character sketch of homeopath.
Homeopath is an interesting character in the story Snake and the Mirror written by Vaikom Muhammad Basheer. He was living in a small rented room. His earnings were meagre. He was an admirer of beauty. He wanted to marry a fat lady.
One night, while he was reading a book, something fell on the back of the chair. It was a big snake and he was frozen with fear. He sat like a stone image and felt the presence of God. There was a large mirror on the table. Suddenly the snake moved towards the mirror. At once the doctor ran away from the house.


Questionnaire is a set of printed or written questions with a choice of answers devised for the purpose of interview, survey or statistical study. Questionnaires may be sharp by the fact that respondents must be able to read / hear the questions and respond to them.
The questions may be ‘Wh' questions or ‘yes or no' questions. One question may be linked with the other based on the responses. This happens in a live interview.
Identify the context.
Understand the person and collect his / her details.
Identify the situation in which the interview is held.
Bring in personal obser- vations and views.
Look on the appropriateness of language.
Eg: Imagine that while shooting in Notun Gram, an actor was also present while shooting of the tiger was in progress. You got a chance to interview him. Write six questions you would ask him.
What kind of roles do you prefer?
What was the biggest audience you have performed in front of?
Who is your favourite actor?
What was your first role as an actor?
What was the character and why was it challenging?
What sort of acting roles will you be seeking in the future?


Profile is an information about a person’s life, work, interests... etc. It highlights the personal details and major achievements of the person described. Hints will be given. Short and simple sentences can be used to make the profile attractive.
*Read the information/ details of the person
*Organise the given details
*Use simple and clear language
*Use proper links to connect ideas
*Use suitable descriptive vocabulary
*Give a title
Birth: April 17, 1959, Tehran, Iran
Education: Institute of Dramatic Arts, Tehran
Known as: Film Director, Producer, Screenwriter
Famous films: The colour of Paradise, Baran, The Willow Tree
Awards: Grand Pix Award, Nomination for the academy award for Best Foreign Language film.

Majid Majidi
Majid majidi was born on April 17th 1959 in Tehran. He had his education in the Institute of Dramatic Arts in Tehran. He is well known as a film director, producer and screen writer. His famous films include The Colour of Paradise, Baran and The Willow Tree. He won the Grand pix Award. He was nominated for the academy Award for the best foreign language film.

If Clause
(Conditional Sentence)

They are used to express the action in the main clause (without ‘if’) If can only take place if a certain condition (in the clause with ‘if’) is fulfilled.

Type 1: if + simple present, simple future (will)
Eg: if you work hard, you will pass.

Type 2: if + simple past, would + base verb
Eg: if you worked hard, you would pass.

Type 3 if + past perfect, would + have +V3
Eg: If you had worked hard, you would have passed.


A notice is a written information or intimation of an event or a programme. It is written by an individual or a group or an organisation. To draw the attention of the readers to something that needs immediate attention. A notice usually presents the information about the programme / event like where and when it takes place, who are involved in it, along with the invitation to attend the programme or function.
Identify the programme / event or the type of notice to
be prepared.
Prepare an invitation to invite the people.
Use appropriate format and layout of a notice.
Mention the date, time and venue of the programme.
Include the details of the programme.
Use clear and brief language.
Specify the person /authorities who issues the notice.

Reported speech

When we report what another person has said, we usually do not use the speakers exact words (direct speech), but we use reported (indirect)speech. Therefore you need to learn how to transform direct speech into indirect speech. The structure of reporting is a little different depending on whether you want to report a statement, a question or a request. A conversation will be given followed by short answer questions or fill in the blank type questions. You are required to answer them, making necessary changes to the conversation.
Eg: Read the conversation given below and answer the questions that follow.
Vanka: Where can I post the letter?
The man: You can post it in the post box.
What did Vanka ask the man? Vanka asked the man where he could post the letter.
What did the man reply?
The man replied that he could post that in the post box.

Dialogue completion

A dialogue with some missing parts is given.The learner is asked to complete the dialogue using words /phrases /sentences etc.The structures evaluated are:
Framing questions ( Wh/ Yes or No)
Question tags
The more... the more
If clause
You had better...
Neither... nor

Vanka: Good morning sir.
The man: Good morning. How can I help you?
Vanka: Do you know where the post office is?
The man: Yes, It is in the next Street.
Vanka: How far should I walk?
The man: You should walk 15 minutes from here.
Vanka: If I post a letter today, when will it reach my grandfather?
The man: I don’t know. It may take 2 to 3 days.
Vanka: You mean the letter will reach day after tomorrow, won’t it?
The man: Not sure. You had better ask the postmaster.
Vanka: Yes, I will ask the postmaster. Thank you, Sir.

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