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I®qÀ kJm¡Ä¡p Xncn¨Sn

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DÅXp ]dªm / sI. tKm]meIrjvW³

]mÀ«n `cWLS\bnse \nba§fnepw \n_Ô\Ifnepsa¶t]mse cmPys¯ \nba§fnepw Dd¨p\n¡p¶Xn\p IayqWnÌv amÀIvknÌv ]mÀ«nsb ]ecpw {]iwkn¡p¶p. kwLS\msXcsªSp¸n AhÀ N«§Ä ]men¡p¶p. ]mÀ«n Xocpam\§Ä IÀ¡iambn ]n´pSÀ¶p. ASp¯Ime¯p tI{µ¯nepw tIcf¯nepw kwLS\bpsS Xe¸¯pWvSmb amä§Ä ]mÀ«n {]hÀ¯\coXnbpsS D¯tamZmlcWamWv. CXpt]mseXs¶ {it²bamb ImcyamWp \b]cn]mSnIÄ ImemIme§fn hnebncp¯p¶Xpw \b]cn]mSnIÄ FhnsSbmWp ]cmPbs¸«sX¶p IsWvS¯p¶Xpw. F¶mÂ, ]mÀ«nhn]peoIcWw e£yan«pÅ Cu sXäpXncp¯Â \S]SnIÄ henbtXmXn hnPbn¨n«nÃ.

]mÀ«n\b§Ä ]cmPbs¸Sp¶Xp XpSÀ¡YbmhpIbmWv. sXäpIÄ Xncn¨dnbp¶psWvS¦nepw Xncp¯Â\S]SnIÄ ]mÀ«nbpsS _lpP\mSn¯d hfÀ¯p¶Xn\p klmbIamIp¶nÃ. tZiob cmjv{Sob kmlNcy§Ä hnebncp¯p¶Xn\pw AXn\\pkcn¨p ]mÀ«nbpsS \b]cn]mSnIÄ cq]s¸Sp¯p¶Xn\pw CXneqsS kaImenI cmjv{Sob shÃphnfnIsf t\cnSp¶Xn\pw `mhnsb A`napJoIcn¡p¶Xn\pw Hcp {iahpw \S¯p¶nà F¶XmWp hkvXpX.

]mÀ«nsb XoÀ¯pw tamiamb AhØbnse¯n¨ \b§fpsSbpw X{´§fpsSbpw ]cmPbw hnimJ]«W¯v CubnsS tNÀ¶ ]mÀ«n tIm¬{Kkv shfns¸Sp¯n. ]mÀ«ntbmSp bphm¡fn hÀ[n¨phcp¶ hn{]Xn]¯n, ]mÀ«n AwK§fpsS sImgnªpt]m¡v F¶nh hniZoIcn¡p¶Xns\m¸w \nehnepÅ ]mÀ«nbwK§fn 20 iXam\w t]À \nÀPohamsW¶pw dnt¸mÀ«n ]cmaÀiapWvSv. ]mÀesaâv sXcsªSp¸nepWvSmb sR«n¡p¶ ]cmPbw, ]mÀ«nbpsS iàntI{µambncp¶ _wKmfnepWvSmb henb Xncn¨Sn F¶nhbvs¡m¸w temIvk`bnse ]mÀ«n AwKkwJybnepWvSmb henb Ipdhpw ]cmPbs¸« {]hÀ¯\coXnsb¡pdn¨p ]p\cmtemNn¡p¶Xn\pw ]pXnb X{´§Ä cq]s¸Sp¯p¶Xn\pw t\XrXz¯n\p t{]cW \ÂIp¶p.

_wKmfnsebpw tIcf¯nsebpw Nne t\Xm¡Ä tUm. a³taml³ knwKnsâ DZmchXvIcW km¼¯nI \b§sf ]n´pW¨Xp ]mÀ«nbWnIfn Bib¡pg¸w krãn¨p. Cu t\Xm¡Ä X§fpsS PohnXssien amänadn¡pIbpw ]mÀ«nbpsS apJap{Zbmbncp¶ ]cn¸phSbpw I«³Nmbbpw Dt]£n¨v kpJtemep]þ BUw_c ssien sXcsªSp¡pIbpw sNbvXp. k¼¶tcmSpw {]_etcmSpapÅ Cu t\Xm¡fpsS kulrZw I¨hS¡mcptSbpw k¼¶cptSbpw XmXv]cy§Ä kwc£n¡p¶hsc¶v Bt£]apÅ tIm¬{KknÂ\n¶pw _nsP]nbnÂ\n¶pw Chsc hyXykvXcÃmXm¡n. \nbak`bn ]mÀ«nbwK§fpsS F®w Ipdsª¦nepw tIcf¯n am{XamWp kn]nF½n\v Bizmkw \ÂIps¶mcp ØnXnhntijapÅXv. D¶X t\XrXz¯n ZoÀLImeambn tkh\w sNbvXpsImWvSncp¶ t\Xm¡sf amtäWvSXv A\nhmcyambncp¶p. AXp \S¯pIbpw sNbvXp.

C´yþ Atacn¡ BWh¡cmdnsâ t]cn bp]nF kÀ¡mcn\pÅ ]n´pW ]n³hen¨Xn ]mÀ«nbnse apXnÀ¶ t\Xm¡Ä hym]IhnaÀi\w Gäphm§nbncp¶p. {]Imiv Imcm«ns\Xntc _wKmfnse kl{]hÀ¯IÀ ISp¯hnaÀi\amWp \S¯nbXv. At±lt¯mSv AhÀ¡p Nne IW¡pIÄ XoÀ¡m\pWvSmbncp¶p. tPymXn_kphns\ {][m\a{´nbm¡m\pÅ \nÀtZis¯ FXnÀ¯ Imcm«nsâ \S]Snsb lnameb³ aWvS¯cw F¶mWp tPymXn_kp Xs¶ ]n¶oSp hntijn¸n¨Xv. cmjv{S]Xn Øm\t¯¡p tkma\mYv NmäÀPnsb sImWvSphcp¶Xns\bpw FXnÀ¯tXmsS _wKmfn Imcm«ns\ FXnÀ¡p¶ hn`mK¯nsâ iànhÀ[n¨p. tIm¬{Kkn\pÅ ]n´pW ]n³hen¨XmWp _wKmfn ]mÀ«n XIÀ¶Snbm³ Hcp ImcWambn ChÀ NqWvSn¡m«p¶Xv.

Cu Xocpam\§sfÃmw _Ôs¸« ]mÀ«n LSI¯nsâ Iq«mb Xocpam\amsW¦nepw Imcm«nsâ ISpw]nSp¯amWv Ahkm\w C¯cw cmjv{Sob\o¡§fnte¡p ]mÀ«nsb \bn¨Xv. ambmhXnsbbpw PbefnXsbbpw DbÀ¯n¡m«p¶Xn Imcm«v \S¯nb \o¡§Ä _p²niq\yambncp¶p. temIvk`m sXcsªSp¸n kz´w kwØm\§fn kn]nF½pambn kJy¯n\p t]mepw Cu t\Xm¡Ä k½Xn¨nÃ. tIcf¯nemIs« I®qÀ kJm¡Ä¡p iàn]Icm\mWp Imcm«v XbmdmbXv. CXphgn P\Iob\mb hn.Fkv. ANypXm\µs\ AIän\nÀ¯pIbpw sNbvXp. kwØm\¯p ]mÀ«nbnse Hcp hn`mK¯n\v CXnt\mSp tbmPn¸pWvSmbncp¶nÃ. CXn\p]pdta A¨S¡ewL\¯nsâ t]cnepw ANypXm\µs\Xntc Imcm«v cwKs¯¯ph¶p. _wKmfnse Nne apXnÀ¶ t\Xm¡Ä t]mfnäv_yqtdmbntem tI{µI½nänbnse ]s¦Sp¡mdpt]mepanà F¶ AhØ \ne\n¡pt¼mgmWnXv.

_p²tZhv ‘`«mNmcybpsS DZmchXvIcW km¼¯nI \b§sf FXnÀ¡p¶ Imcm«v tIcf¯n C¯csamcp \bs¯ ]n´pWbv¡pI hgn henb ]£]mXamWv ImWn¨Xv. tIcf¯nse Xsâ klNmcnIsf kt´mjn¸n¡m\mbncp¶p CXv. Xsâ hnaÀiI\mb koXmdmw sb¨qcnsb Hgnhm¡m\mbn Fkv. cmaN{µ³ ]nÅsb ]n³Kmanbm¡m³ hnimJ]«Ww tIm¬{Kkn Ahkm\\nanjw Imcm«v {ian¨p. CXphgn Imcm«v hncp²iànIÄ Hcpan¡pIbpw A§s\ sb¨qcn P\d sk{I«dnbmhpIbpw sNbvXp. sb¨qcn¡pÅ ]n´pW HcpL«¯n a\knem¡nbtXmsS ]mÀ«nt\XrXz¯nte¡pÅ At±l¯nsâ {]bmWw sFIIWvtTy\bmbXpw HSphn Imcm«v Xs¶ At±l¯nsâ t]cp \nÀtZin¨Xpw ]mÀ«nbpsSbpw AXnsâ AwK§fptSbpw alXzamWp shfnhm¡nbXv.

kam\amb coXnbnepÅ amäamWp kwØm\¯pw ]mÀ«nbn cq]wsImWvSncn¡p¶Xv. ]mÀ«nsb H¶n¸n¨p \nÀ¯m\pw FÃm hn`mK§sfbpw IqsSs¡mWvSpt]mIm\pw t\Xm¡Ä {ian¡p¶p. \¶mbn s]cpamdpIbpw ]p©ncn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶ t\Xm¡sfbmWp [mÀjvSyt¯msS s]cpamdp¶htc¡mÄ Cãs¸SpI. AXpsImWvSp tImSntbcnsbbpw sb¨qcnsbbpw t]mepÅ t\Xm¡Ä ]mÀ«nsb \bn¡m\mbn sXcsªSp¡s¸Spt¼mÄ Bcpw AZv`pXs¸Sp¶nÃ. ImcWw AhcpsS kw`mh\IÄ hnes¸«Xpw AhÀ kuayambn s]cpamdp¶hcpamWv.

]mÀ«nbpsS {]XnÑmbbpw {]hÀ¯\ssienbpw amäm³ ]pXnb t\XrXz¯n\p IgnbWw. km¼¯nIambn ]nt¶m¡mhØbnepÅ lnµn taJebnepw cmPys¯ Zcn{ZtaJeIfnepw ]mÀ«n F´psImWvSp hfcp¶nà F¶p Kuchambn ]Tn¡Ww. efnXamb ImcWw kn²m´§Ä BhnjvIcn¡p¶ t\Xm¡Ä ChnsS {]hÀ¯n¡m³ XbmdmIp¶nà F¶XmWv. amthmbnÌv kwL§Ä hfcp¶ Cu taJebn kn]nF½n\p km¶n[yanÃ. t{SUv bqWnb\pIÄ kwLSn¸n¡p¶Xn\pw km¼¯nIambn sa¨s¸« \nebnepÅhÀ¡p IqSpX i¼f¯n\pthWvSn hnet]iepIÄ \S¯p¶Xn\pamWp kn]nFw {ian¡p¶Xv. IÀjIÀ¡pw `qclnX IÀjIs¯mgnemfnIÄ¡pw CSbnepÅ ]mÀ«nbpsS {]hÀ¯\w IpdªphcnIbmWv.

aXþ kmapZmbnI {[phoIcW¯n cmjv{SobI£nIÄ {i²n¨psImWvSncn¡p¶ Cu ImeL«¯n km¼¯nIþkmaqlnI {]iv\§Ä¡p ]cnlmcw IWvSp kaql¯nse Xmsg¡nSbnepÅhsc tkhn¡p¶Xn\pÅ Akpe` AhkcamWp kn]nF½n\p e`n¨ncn¡p¶Xv. Cu taJebn {i²tI{µoIcn¨p cmPys¯ {]apJcmjv{Sobiànbmbn amdm³ sb¨qcn¡pw kwL¯n\pw Ignbptam F¶XmWp {]kàamb tNmZyw. ITn\m[zm\¯neqsSbpw iàamb {]Xybimkv{X ]n³_eapÅ X{´§fneqsSbpw am{Xta kaImenIambmWp X§Ä Nn´n¡p¶sX¶p sXfnbn¡m³ kn]nF½n\p Ignbq. BWhmbp[§Ä hscbpÅ temI¯p hÀKkacw F¶Xp Ffp¸¯n {]mhÀ¯nIam¡pI Gsd _p²nap«mWv. Cu kmlNcy¯n \qämWvSpIÄ ]g¡apÅ {]Xybimkv{Xw AhÀ ]p\x]cntim[nt¡WvSnbncn¡p¶p.

\qämWvSpIÄ¡p ap¼pÅXnÂ\n¶p hyXykvXamb coXnbnemWp _lpcmjv{SIp¯IIfpsS X{´§Ä t]mepw cq]s¸Sp¶Xv. tZiobhmZhpw XÂkw_Ôamb {]Xn_²XIfpw iàamIp¶ kmlNcy¯n A´mcmjv{S am\§fpÅ Hcp {]Øm\w Gsd¡psd Akm[yamWv. efnXambn ]dªm ]mh§tfmSv A\p`mhapÅ Hcp cmjv{SobZÀi\hpw sISpXnIfn \n¶v ASnØm\hÀKs¯ tamNn¸n¡p¶ km¼¯nIhpw kmaqlyhpamb Hcp ]cn]mSnbpamWv Dcp¯ncntbWvSXv. FÃmtaJebnepw \S¡p¶ amä§tfmSp ]mÀ«n {]XnIcnt¡WvSnbncn¡p¶p.

]ckv]chn\miImcnbmb {Kq¸v t]mcm«§fnepw kzmÀYXmXv]cy§Ä e£ywh¨pÅ AP³UIfnepw apXnÀ¶ t\Xm¡Ä A`ncan¡p¶ ]mÀ«nbnse Ct¸mgs¯ AhØ henb {]Xo£sbm¶pw \ÂIp¶nÃ. CXp a\knem¡n Iq«mb {]hÀ¯\§fneqsS ]mÀ«nsb iàns¸Sp¯p¶Xns\¡pdn¨p koXmdmw sb¨qcn kwkmcn¨pIgnªp. Cu \bw sb¨qcn \S¸m¡pIbmsW¦n {Kq¸nk¯neqsS ]mÀ«nbpsS \nb{´Ww kz´am¡nb BfpIÄ¡p kwLS\bn henb tdmÄ DWvSmInÃ. I®qÀtem_n t]mepÅhbv¡p ]mÀ«nbnepÅ iàamb ta[mhnXzw \ãs¸Spw. ]«nIPmXnþ]«nIhÀK¯n \n¶pÅ F.sI. _mes\bpw \yq\]£hn`mK¯n \n¶v l¶³apÅsbbpw t]mepÅ t\Xm¡fpsS {]mXn\n[yw hcp¶Xp hyXykvXamsbmcp kao]\¯nsâ kqN\ Ct¸mįs¶ \ÂIp¶pWvSv.

tIm¬{Kknt\mSpw ]mÀ«n¡p hyXykvXamsbmcp \ne]mSv DWvSmtb¡pw. hÀKobiànIÄs¡XntcbpÅ t]mcm«w Xs¶ ]mÀ«nsb iàns¸Sp¯pw. Nne kwL]cnhmÀ kwLS\IÄ Ct¸mįs¶ ssIs¡mWvSncn¡p¶ Nne kao]\§Ä kaql¯n henb apdnhpIfpw hn`P\§fpw krãn¨pIgnªp. ZoÀLImeambn NqjW¯n\p hnt[bambns¡mWvSncn¡p¶ hn`mK§Ä¡v Bizmkw F¯n¡m\pXIp¶ km¼¯nIhpw kmaqlyhpamb \b§Ä A\nhmcyamWv. sb¨qcnsbbpw tImSntbcnsbbpw t]mepÅ t\Xm¡Ä Cu shÃphnfnIsf F§s\ t\cnSp¶psh¶Xp cmPy¯p hcpwhÀj§fnse cmjv{Sobs¯ XoÀ¨bmbpw kzm[o\n¡pw.


h\yPohn kwc£Whpw arK]oU\hpw

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ASqÀ ^nen¸v a¦pgnbnÂ

h\yPohnIsfbpw ]£nIsfbpw \mS³ arK§sfbpw kwc£n¡p¶Xn\p a\pjyc£sb ]cnt]mjn¸n¡p¶Xnt\¡mÄ iàamb \nba§Ä C¶pWvSv. a\pjy\pthWvSnbpÅ \nba§tf¡mÄ iàhpw thK¯n \S¸m¡p¶Xpamb \nba§fmWp arK§fpsS c£bv¡pÅXv. h\yPohnkwc£Ww F¶ \nÀhN\¯n s]Sp¯n Ct¸mÄ Fs´ÃmamWp \S¸m¡p¶sX¶v BtemNn¨m F¯pw ]nSnbpw In«nÃ.

AeªpXncnªp \S¡p¶ \mbv¡sf D]{Zhn¡mt\m sImÃmt\m \nbaanÃ. CXp cWvSpw thWsa¶ B{Klw teJI\nÃ. ]t£, s]äps]cpIp¶ Chsb Bcp kwc£n¡pw, Chbv¡v FhnsS\n¶v Blmcw e`n¡pw, th\¡me¯v FhnsS\n¶p Pew IpSn¡pw, Chbv¡v AkpJw h¶m Bcp NnInÕn¡pw. XpS§nb tNmZy§Ä¡v D¯cw In«Ww.

h\¯nepÅ arK§Ä¡p th\¡me¯p Pe¯n\pthWvSn AhnShnsSbmbn XSbWIÄ sI«p¶Xmbn hmÀ¯ IWvSp. Ct¸msg¦nepw C¯cw Imcy§Ä sN¿p¶Xv A`n\µ\mÀlw. h\¯n Pohn¡p¶ Hmtcm Pohn¡papÅ Blmcw h\¯n Xs¶ DXv]mZn¡p¶Xtà icn? B\bv¡p XmXv]cyw Icn¼v, hmg, sX§v, Hme, ]\ F¶nhbmWv. ChbpsS hn¯pIÄ h\¯n hnXdn AhnsS InfnÀ¯p hfÀ¶m B\ ChtXSn a\pjyhmkapÅ taJebnte¡p hcp¶Xp IpdbntÃ? sNdparK§sf hfÀ¯n Im«n Cd¡nhn«pIqtS? Csæn Im«nÂXs¶ kwc£nXtaJebn hfÀ¯n {]mbhpw hen¸hpamIpt¼mÄ Im«nte¡p Xpd¶phn«mÂ, Ch a\pjys\t¯Sn \m«nte¡p hcp¶Xv HgnhmIpIbntÃ?

ImSnsâ hnhn[ `mK§fn {]IrXn¡v CW§p¶ Pekw`cWnIÄ \nÀan¨p ag¡me¯p Pew kw`cn¨pIqtS? Chbvs¡ms¡ knaâpw I¼nbpw D]tbmKn¡msX {]IrXn¡nW§nb \mS³, BZnhmkn kmt¦XnIhnZy D]tbmKn¨pIqtS?

^ehÀK§fpsS A`mhw aqew ]e \mS³ ]£nIfpw Im«p]£nIfpw A\yw\n¶p t]mhpIbmWv. Chbv¡v Bhiyamb ^ew \ÂIp¶ hr£§Ä h\¯nepw \m«nepÅ kÀ¡mÀ hI Øe§fnepw \«phfÀ¯nbm C¯cw ]£nIÄ¡pw ChtbmsSm¸w a\pjy\pw {]tbmP\w sN¿ntÃ? Ct¸mįs¶ Im¡IÄ, hÆmepIÄ, IpcphnIÄ XpS§nbh ]g§Ä In«msX ]¨¡mbvIfpw ]¨¨¡Ifpw ssIX¨¡Ifpw aäpw Blcn¨p XpS§n. ]£nItfmSpw arK§tfmSpw \n§Ä¡p Pohn¡m³ ChnsS \nbaapWvSv, \n§sf Bcpw sImÃnà F¶p ]dªm aXnbmIptam? Chbv¡p Ign¡m³ Blmcw thtWvS? kÀ¡mcnsâbpw arKkwc£W, h\wþ h\yPohn hIp¸pIfpsSbpw {i² C¡mcy¯n ASnb´cambn ]XntbWvSXmWv.

a\pjysâ Gähpw \à kplr¯mWp \mbv¡Ä. a\pjyt\¡mÄ \à kplr¯v F¶pw ]dbmw. Ch hfsc A[nIw s]äps]cpIn. Ign¡m³ BlmchpanÃ, AkpJw h¶m NnInÕ \ÂIm³ BcpanÃ. hgnsb t]mIp¶hcpsSsbÃmw ItÃdptaäm Ahbv¡pw \ne\nev]n\pthWvSn ]e B{IaWkz`mhhpw ImWnt¡WvSnhcp¶Xp kzm`mhnIw. arKkwc£W\nbaw arK§fpsS kwc£W¯n\msW¦nÂ, \mbv¡fpw a\pjycpsS kwc£Wbn Pohn¡Wsa¶psWvS¦nÂ, \mbv¡sf hfÀ¯p¶hscbpw ]cn]men¡p¶hscbpw klmb[\w \ÂIn t{]mÕmln¸n¡pI.

FÃm hoSpIfnepw Ht¶m ctWvSm \mbv¡sf hfÀ¯m³ kuIcyapsWvS¦n hfÀ¯s«. IqSpX s]äps]cpIn, \m«n AeªpXncnªp ieyapWvSm¡mXncn¡m³ thWvS \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡pI. Ct¸mgs¯ tIcf¯nse AWpIpSpw_ kmlNcy¯n a¡Ä {]mb]qÀ¯n BIpt¼mÄ amXm]nXm¡Ä icWmebtam hr²kZ\tam t\m¡nhbvt¡WvSnhcpw. AXn\p XmXv]cyw CÃm¯hÀ 50 hbkv BIpt¼mtg¡v \à C\w ]«nIsf ]cnioe\w \ÂIn hfÀ¯pI. ]{Xw FSp¡pI, ]mep hm§pI XpS§nb AXymhiy Imcy§Ä Ahsb ]Tn¸ns¨Sp¡mw. ]cnioe\w sImSp¯m ]«nsbs¡mWvSp ]eXpw sN¿n¸n¡m³ Ignbpw.

CsXms¡ \msf ]oU\ambn hymJym\n¡ptam F¶dnbnÃ. B\ Ìqfn Ccp¶m ]oU\amIpw. knwls¯ Nm«bpsS iÐw tIĸn¨m ]oU\amIpw. C¯cw \nba§fmWp arK§sf kvt\ln¡p¶Xn\p]Icw shdp¡m³ CSbm¡p¶Xv. Aev]w tPmen arK§Ä sNbvXmepw AXp hymbmaambn IWvSm t]mtc?

tI{µtam kwØm\tam, GXp kÀ¡mÀ Bbmepw thWvSnÃ, AeªpXncnbp¶ \mbv¡Ä¡pw ]£nIÄ¡pw h\yarK§Ä¡pw Pohn¡m³ AhImiapsWvS¦n Blmc¯n\pw AhImiapWvSv F¶ Imcyw AwKoIcn¡Ww. hkv{Xhpw ]mÀ¸nShpw FÃm P´p¡Ä¡pw thsWvS¦nepw \mbv¡Ä¡pw Nne ]£nIÄ¡pw ]mÀ¸nSw BhiyamWv. A[nImcnIfpsS {i² ASnb´cambn Cu hnjb¯n DWvSmIWw.

kÀ¡mÀ hI ]pdt¼m¡pIfn \mbv¡Ä¡v sj«À \nÀan¨v Ahbv¡v Blmcw \evIm³ arKkvt\lnIfmb hyànIÄt¡m k¶² kwLS\IÄt¡m Bhiyamb klmbw \ÂIpI. DÅhsb hÔoIcn¡m\pw aäp tcmK{]Xntcm[ Ip¯nhbv¸pIÄ \S¯m\pw \S]SnsbSp¡pI. Chs¡Ãmw \¼dpIÄ \ÂIn tcmKhnhc§Ä kq£n¡pI. arKkvt\lnIfmb k¼¶cnÂ\n¶p kw`mh\IÄ kzoIcn¨p ]e t£a{]hÀ¯\§fpw \S¸nem¡mhp¶XmWv.


t\Xmhns\ amän Bcpw c£s¸«n«nÃ

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A\´]pcn/ZznP³

sXcsªSp¸pIÄ ap¶n¡WvSp am{Xw Icp¡Ä \o¡p¶Xn\v Hcp cmjv{Sob]mÀ«nsbbpw C¡me¯v Bcpw Ipäw]dbnÃ. ImcWw C¶s¯ cmjv{Sob¯nsâ ssien AXmbncn¡p¶p. cmPy¯nsâbpw P\§fpsSbpw \· Imw£n¡p¶Xnt\¡mÄ A[nImc¯nse¯p¶Xpw AXnsâ ^e§Ä A\p`hn¡p¶Xpw am{Xambn C¶s¯ icmicn cmjv{Sob ssien. AXpsImWvSv AhÀ {]Jym]n¡p¶ hnizmk{]amW§Ä¡pw DbÀ¯p¶ ap{ZmhmIy§Ä¡pw A[nImc¯nse¯m\pÅ Nhn«p]SnIÄ F¶Xn\¸pdw Bcpw hnesImSp¡mdnÃ.

\m«n NneIme¯p hfÀ¶phcp¶ AgnaXnhncp² \o¡§Ä¡pw P\Iob {]iv\§tfmSpÅ ]p¯³ B`napJy§Ä¡psams¡ AXn\¸pdapÅ hne sImSp¡p¶h³ aWvS\mhpIbmWv. henb AgnaXnhncp²X ]dbp¶hcpw A[nImc¯nse¯nbm ]ns¶ F§s\bmsW¶v C¶p km[mcW¡mÀ¡p a\knemIp¶p. FÃmhscbpw Ipäw ]dªncp¶ _nsP]nbpsS tI{µkÀ¡mcpw Bw BZvan ]mÀ«nbpsS UÂln kÀ¡mcpw hsc DZmlcW§Ä. X§Ä C¶sehsc Ipäw]dªncp¶ hyànIfpw {]Øm\§fpsaÃmambn ssItImÀ¯p "R§sf hnPbn¸n¡q' F¶p ]dªp \n¡p¶hsc hnizkn¡Wsa¶p P\t¯mSp ]dbp¶XmWp IjvSw.

cmjv{Sob¡mc³ sXcsªSp¸p hnPbhpw cmjv{SaoamwkI³ \mSnsâ \·bpw t\m¡n \S]SnIÄ FSp¡p¶p F¶p imkv{Xw. cmjv{SaoamwkIÀ¡p hwi\miwh¶ \mSmbn«pWvSp `mcXw. AXpsImWvSv Hcp cmjv{Sob{]hÀ¯It\m ]mÀ«ntbm A[nImc¯n\mbn F´p Icp¡Ä \o¡p¶Xpw X{´§Ä {]tbmKn¡p¶Xpsam¶pw Ct¸mÄ Bscbpw A¼c¸n¡p¶nÃ. AXpsImWvSpXs¶ tIcf¯nse CSXpap¶Wn \msf AhcpsS ap¶Wn hn]peoIcW¯nsâ `mKambn P\XmZfnt\mSpw BÀFkv]ntbmSpw am{Xaà Ahcnt¸mÄ kac¯nsâ apÄap\bn \nÀ¯p¶ km£m sI.Fw. amWnbpsS ]mÀ«ntbmSpw IqSn\n¶p thm«p tNmZn¨m At¸mgpw ImWpw \ymboIcW§Ä. AsænÂXs¶ 10 tImSn hm§n F¶p _nPp ctaiv ]dbp¶ sI. _m_phns\ amän\nÀ¯n Hcp tImSn hm§n F¶p ]dbp¶ amWns¡XntcbmWtÃm kacw!

P\m[n]Xyap¶Wnbnembncp¶t¸mÄ X§Ä Hcp \qdph«w Ip¯n apdnth¸n¨ ap³a{´n KtWjv Ipamdnt\mSpw ap³ No^v hn¸v ]n.kn. tPmÀPnt\mSpw kz´w X«Iamb sIm«mc¡cbn cWvSph«w X§Ä tXm¸n¨, AgnaXn¡v X§Ä Xs¶ Pbnen AS¸n¨ _meIrjvW]nÅtbmSpw Hs¡tNÀ¶v CSXpap¶Wn thm«p tNmZn¡pt¼mÄ asä´mWp P\w IcptXWvSXv? ChcpsS Bt{Imi§sfm¶pw s]mXpPohnX¯nse A]Nb§sf¡pdn¨pÅ AaÀjw sImWvSmbncp¶nÃ, Ah X§Ä¡p sN¿m\mhm¯XnepÅ k¦Sw sImWvSmbncp¶p F¶tà AXn\ÀYw?

A[nImcw In«m³ F´pwsN¿pw

\m«pImÀ¡v F´pw kw`hn¡s«, X§Ä¡v A[nImc¯nse¯Ww F¶ hn[¯nepÅ X{´§Ä ]t£ P\¯n\p a\knembn¯pS§p¶pWvSv. C¡gnª FkvFkvFÂkn ]co£m^e¯nepWvSmb XncnadnIfpw C¯cw e£y§tfmsSbsöv BcpIWvSp? CSXpImÀ F´pw sN¿psa¶p Ncn{Xw ]Tn¸n¡p¶p.

hÀj§Ä¡pap¼v IcpWmIc³ apJya{´nbpw Sn.Fw. tP¡_v hnZym`ymka{´nbpw Bbncp¶ Ime¯p tIcf¯n {]oUn{Kn t_mÀUv cq]oIcn¡m³ kÀ¡mÀ Xocpam\n¨Xn {]Xntj[n¨v B hÀjs¯ {]oUn{Kn ]co£m^ew Ip«nt¨mdm¡nb Ncn{XapWvSv. IcpWmIct\mSpw tP¡_nt\mSpw CjvSanÃmXncp¶ A¡mes¯ P\m[n]Xyap¶Wnbnse Nnecpw am\knIamsb¦nepw B Im«mf·mÀ¡v H¸w \n¶p. F{Xtbm Ip«nIfpsS D¯c¡SemkpIÄ \in¸n¡s¸«p! D¯c¡Semskm¶pw CÃmsX Ahkm\w amÀ¡p sImSpt¡WvSn h¶p. AXneqsS F{Xtbm Ip«nIÄ¡p am\knI hn{`m´n t]mepapWvSmbn! D¯chmZnIfmbhscÃmw Xs¶ Hcp ]cn¡panÃmsX c£s¸SpIbpw sNbvXp. kwLS\miàn AXmWtÃm?

AXpsImWvSv ChcpsS ]n³apd¡mÀ Cu hÀjs¯ FkvFkvFÂkn ]co£m^e¯n \S¯nb A«nadn¡pw cmjv{Sobam\§Ä Csöp ap³Iq«n ]dbp¶hsc kq£n¡Ww. A¶p tP¡_ns\Xnsc h¶t]mse cq£asænepw ap¶WnbpsS a{´ns¡Xnsc ]dbm³ aÕcn¡pIbmWp ap¶Wn¡mÀ. kÀ¡mcnsâ {]XnÑmb Ifbp¶Xv C¯cw hàm¡ftÃ?

kÀ¡mcns\Xntc kacamhmw. AXn\p hnZymÀYnIfpsS `mhn \in¸n¡p¶ IfnIÄ Ifn¡p¶hÀ ]nSn¡s¸SWw. AhÀs¡Xnsc \S]Sn DWvSmIpt¼mÄ c£mIhNhpambn Bcpw IS¶phccpXv. FÃm kac§fnepw IpähmfnIsf c£n¡m³ t]meokv sN¿p¶Xpt]mse {]XnIfpsS enÌn \nc]cm[nIsfbpw DÄs¸Sp¯n IpähmfnIÄ¡pw c£s¸Sm³ Ahkcw DWvSm¡cpXv.

t\Xramä¯n\p Ifsamcp¡Â?

GXhkc¯nepw tIcf¯n Hcp `cWamäw DWvSm¡m³ CSXpap¶Wn B{Kln¡p¶Xnepw AXn\mbn Icp¡Ä \o¡p¶Xnepw Bcpw Ipäw ]dbnÃ. AhÀ¡v A§s\ B{Kln¡m\pw {]hÀ¯n¡m\pw kÀ¡mcns\ ZpÀ_es¸Sp¯p¶hsc t{]mÕmln¸n¡m\psams¡ AhImiapWvSv. F¶mÂ, `cWap¶Wnbn Xs¶ t\Xramä¯n\p Ifsamcp¡m\pÅ “KqVmtemN\’ \S¡p¶psh¶p ]dbp¶p. A§s\ H¶psWvS¦n AXn\mbn {ian¡p¶hÀ¡p Xs¶ AXp hn\miIcamhpw F¶mWp tIcf¯nsâ cmjv{SobNcn{X]mTw.

t\Xramä¯n\pthWvSn apJya{´n]ZtamlnItfm AhcpsS ]nWnbmfpItfm \S¯nb Hcp Ifnbpw P\w AwKoIcn¨ Ncn{Xw tIcf¯nenÃ. 1991  \mb\msc amän apJya{´nbmIm³, \nbak`m sXcsªSp¸v Hcp hÀjw t\cs¯ \S¯n¨ A¡mes¯ kn]nFw kwØm\ sk{I«dn hn.Fkv. ANypXm\µ\p sXcsªSp¸n Pbn¡m\msb¦nepw CSXpap¶Wnsb Pbn¸n¡m\mbnÃ. HcphÀjw t\cs¯ A[nImcw IcpWmIc\p ssIamtdWvSnh¶p F¶p am{Xw. 1995  IcpWmIcs\ amän BâWn h¶p. 1996  ]t£ P\m[n]Xyap¶Wnbpw tIm¬{Kkpw ]¨ sXm«nÃ. A¶v CSXpap¶Wn Pbns¨¦nepw ANypXm\µ³ tXmäp. Ahkm\w tI{µt\XrXzw CSs]«v Be¸pg¡mc\mb At±lw ]me¡m«pt]mbn aÕcn¨mWp \nbak`bnse¯n 2006  apJya{´nbmbXv.

1996 ]¨sXmSmsXt]mb heXpap¶Wn¡p kakvXm]cm[§Ä¡pw P\t¯mSp am¸p]dªv 2001  Häs¡«mbn P\s¯ t\cn«t¸mgmWp Xncn¨phcm\mbXv. 2004 BâWnsb amän D½³ NmWvSn h¶p. 2006  Xq¯phmcnbXv CSXpap¶Wn. C\n kzbw shS¡m¡n D½³ NmWvSnsb hen¨n«mÂ, hen¨nSp¶hÀ¡p Xncn¨phcm\mIWsa¶nÃ. tIm¬{Kkv ssl¡am³Un\p ]gb Icp¯v CÃm¯XpsImWvSpw D½³ NmWvSn ssl¡am³Un Gsd B{ibn¡m¯ apJya{´n BbXpsImWvSpw Ifnsbm¶pw A{XthKw hnPbn¡nÃ.

D½³ NmWvSnbpsS Icp¡Ä GXp hgn¡mWp \o§p¶sX¶v BÀ¡pw {]hNn¡m\pw IgnbnÃ. 418 _mÀ sImSp¡m³ ]änsöp h¶t¸mÄ FÃmw AS¨p]q«m³ Xocpam\n¨ _p²nbn \nbak` ]ncn¨phnSm³ Xs¶bpÅ _p²n DZn¨m AZv`pXs¸Sm\mhnÃ. “_mÀtImg hnhmZw’ t]mse ]eXpw Bkq{XWw sNbvXv FÃmhscbpw tamiam¡p¶hÀ kzbw \in¡m\pÅ Ahkcw IqSnbmWv DWvSm¡p¶Xv.

aqSp]Sw s]mgnbp¶p

]n.kn. tPmÀPns\ henb kmaqlnIt\Xmhmbn AwKoIcn¡p¶ hnFkvUn]ntbmSp tIcf¯nse Adnbs¸Sp¶ _mÀapXemfn _nPp ctaiv IqSntNÀ¶v AgnaXn hncp²kac¯n\v ssItImÀ¯ncn¡p¶p. _nPp ctaiv {][m\ IYm]m{Xambn A`n\bn¡p¶Xpw tIcf¯nse {]Xn]£w hnXcWw GsäSp¯ncn¡p¶Xpamb “_mÀtImg’ kn\nabnse hn÷mcpsS \ncbnte¡v AWnbdbnÂ\n¶p _m_pa{´n IqSn F¯pIbpw _nPp ctaiv t\cs¯ {]Jym]n¨ncp¶ hn÷mcnÂ\n¶v HcmÄ Hgnhm¡s¸SpIbpw FÃmw sN¿p¶tXmsS Acnbmlmcw Ign¡p¶hÀs¡Ãmw _mÀtImg hnhmZ¯nsâ Xnc¡Y hyàamhpIbmbn. ]n¶n Ifn¨hscbpw Ifn¡p¶hscbpw C\n sXm«pImWn¡m³ BÀ¡mWp km[n¡m¯Xv!

AgnaXnhncp² t]mcmfnIfmbn AhXcn¨ncn¡p¶hcpsS IYIfmWv C\n hcm\pÅXv. _nPp ctaiv AS¡w AgnaXns¡Xntc t]mcmSpsa¶p ]dªv Cd§nbncn¡p¶hsc¡pdn¨v AhcpsS C¶seIsf¡pdn¨v Hct\zjWw \S¯ptam? UnPn]n Bbncp¶ t{]wi¦À AS¡apÅhÀ¡p _nPphns\¡pdn¨p ]dbm³ ]eXpapWvSmhpw. AgnaXnhncp² {]t£m`W¯ns\¯p¶hcpsS PmXIw t\m¡nsöp kn]nsFbpsS kwØm\ sk{I«dn ]dbp¶psWvS¦nepw A§s\sbÃmw ]mtS AhKWn¡m\mIptam? P\w k½Xn¡ptam?

AgnaXnhncp²cpsS \mbI³ ]n.kn. tPmÀPnsâ BÄ¡mcpsS tNmZyanXmWv. 1980 Ifn At±lw FwFÂF Bbncp¶t¸mÄ AgnaXnt¡kn At±l¯ns\Xntc DWvSmb hn[nbÃmsX thsd hn[n DWvSmbn«ptWvSm? At±lw {]Xn¡q«n \nÀ¯p¶hÀs¡Xntc A¯csamcp hn[nt]mepw CÃtÃm F¶v AhÀ a\knem¡p¶nÃ. tPmÀPv AS¡w s]mXpPohnX¯nepÅ FÃmhcpsSbpw C¶s¯ km¼¯nI \nebpw AhÀ s]mXp{]hÀ¯\w Bcw`n¡pt¼mÄ DWvSmbncp¶ \nebpw Xpe\w sNbvXm Bcpw A¼c¡psa¶Xp kXyw. KtWjvIpamdpw Xncph©qcpw ASp¯Ime¯p ]eXpw ]dªXv FÃmhcpw adt¶m Bthm?

AgnaXnbpsS t]cn hn.Fk.v ANypXm\µ³ Xs¶ ]S\bn¨p XShnem¡nb ]nÅbpsS thm«p \ÃXmsW¦nepw ]nÅbpsS Iq«v CSXpap¶Wn¡p \ÃXmhptam? Asæn Xs¶ ]nÅbpsS ]mÀ«n¡v Acphn¡cbn F{X thm«mWpÅXv? At±lw A«nadn hnPbw t\Sns¡mSp¡psa¶v AhImis¸Sp¶ Acphn¡c taJebnse "BZnhmkn'Isf tIm«b¯p ]mÀ«nkt½f\¯n\p sImWvSpt]mb ]nÅbpsS ]mÀ«n¡mÀ AhtcmSp ImWn¨ {]hr¯nIÄ \m«n ]m«mb ØnXn¡v F§s\ AhÀ AhnsS thm«p tNmZn¨nd§pw? KtW jpw tamiamhnÃ. At±l¯ns\Xntc tPmÀPv Hcn¡Â ]dªh Xs¶ [mcmfw.

H¶p IqSnbpWvSv. heXp]£¯p\n¶p NmSn¡m³ ]dbp¶ ]eXpw AhÀ NmSn¡gnbpt¼mÄ NmSm³ Bthiw IbänhÀ ad¡mdmWp ]Xnhv. km£m sI. IcpWIcs\ sh«nem¡nb CSXp]£ X{´amWXv. UnsFkn DWvSm¡n tIm¬{Kkv hn« IcpWmIcs\ AhÀ IqsS Iq«nbnÃ. Ahkm\w BÀ¡pw thWvSm¯ \nebnse¯n B henb tIm¬{Kkv t\Xmhv. Sn.Fw. tP¡_pw AXn s]«pt]mbXmWv.

P\m[n]Xyap¶Wnbn henb A]IS¯nembnt¸mb ]n.kn. tPmÀPns\ c£n¡m³ ctaipw ctainsâ alXzw hÀ[n¸n¡m³ tPmÀPpw IehdbnÃmsX {ian¡p¶Xmbn IWvSt¸mÄ tXm¶n¯pS§nb kwib§Ä¡p _nPp ctainsâ ]p¯³ shfns¸Sp¯epItfmsS {]kàn CÃmXmbn. Bscms¡bmWp KqVmtemN\ \S¯p¶sX¶v Ct¸mÄ BÀ¡mWdnbm¯Xv? hn.Fkv. ANypXm\µ³ B`y´ca{´nbmIm³ {ian¡p¶Xp \½fn ]escbpw Pbnenem¡m\msW¶v Ffacw Icow ]mÀ«nbpsS kwØm\I½nänbn ]dªXpt]msem¶p kXyamhpIbmsW¶v bpUnF^pImÀ `bs¸Sp¶p.

amWns¡Xntc tIskSp¯ hnPne³kv, AXnepw KpcpXcamb Bt£]w h¶ncn¡p¶ tIm¬{Kkv a{´namÀs¡Xntc tIskSp¡p¶nsæn Cc«¯ms¸¶p amWn ]dtbWvSXptWvSm? amWns¡Xntc tIkv cPnÌÀ sNt¿WvSnbncp¶nsöv Ct¸mÄ apJya{´n¡pt]mepw tXm¶n¯pS§n. At±lw Hcph«w AXp Xpd¶p]dbpIbpw sNbvXp.

amWn Hcp tImSn hm§n F¶p ]dbp¶hÀ _m_p 10 tImSn hm§n F¶mWp ]dªncn¡p¶Xv. _mÀtImg Bt£]w h¶ Ime¯v NmSn¡bdn amWns¡Xnsc tIkv cPnÌÀ sNbvX hnPne³kn\v Ct¸mÄ hÃm¯ Xn¡pap«emWv. hnPne³kv F´p sNbvXmepw ctaiv ]gntIÄ¡pw. tIkv cPnÌÀ sNbvXnsæn Cc«¯m¸v. tIkv cPnÌÀ sNbvXmtem {]Xn]£¯n\v Hcp hSnIqSn F¯n¨psImSp¡p¶p. t]mÄ ap¯qäv h[t¡kn At\zjWw \S¯n IgnhpsXfnbn¨ Ct¸mgs¯ hnPne³kv UbdIvSÀ A¡me¯v At\zjWs¯¡pdn¨v Bt£]w h¶t¸mÄ cmPnhbv¡m³ t]mepw Nn´n¨ncp¶Xmbn ]n¡me¯v shfns¸Sp¯nbn«pWvSv. F¦n Ct¸mÄ A\p`hn¡p¶ kwLÀjw F{X hepXmbncn¡pw!

X\ns¡Xntc tIskSp¯m Xm³ cmPnhbv¡psa¶ \ne]mSnemWp _m_pa{´n F¶p {]Ncn¸n¡s¸Sp¶pWvSv. AXpWvSmbm ]ns¶ a{´namcmb amWnbpw inhIpamdpw F´p sN¿pw? Hcmthi¯n\p InWän NmSnbm ]¯mthiw DWvSmbmepw Xncn¨p Ibdm\mhnsöp _m_phn\v Adnbnsænepw amWn¡dnbmw. _m_p NmSnbm kwc£n¡m³ BfpWvSmIpsa¶pw Xm³ NmSnbm Xsâ P\w am{Xta DWvSmIq F¶pIqSnbpw amWn¡dnbmw.

]pXnb Xncn¨dnhpIÄ

CSXpap¶Wn hn«hÀ Xncn¨phcWsa¶ ap{ZmhmIyw apg§p¶Xv BÀs¡Ãmw thWvSnbmWv? C¶p tIcf¯n CSXpap¶Wn hnSm¯hÀ BcmWpÅXv? ]ecpw IcpXp¶Xpt]mse P\XmZfpImcpw BÀFkv]n¡mcpw am{Xaà Cu KW¯nepÅXv. 1967 se CSXpap¶Wnbn DWvSmbncp¶ apkvenweoKv, 1976 se CSXpap¶Wnbn DWvSmbncp¶ tIcf tIm¬{Kkv ]nÅ {Kq¸v, 1979 se CSXpap¶Wnbn DWvSmbncp¶ BâWn tIm¬{KkpImÀ, amWn tIcf tIm¬{KkpImÀ, 1989  CSXpap¶Wnbn tNÀ¶ tPmk^v tIcf tIm¬{KkpImÀ XpS§nbhscÃmw CSXpap¶Wn hn«hcmWv. 1979  BâWn CSXp tNÀ¶XpsImWvSp heXp]£¯n\p t\XrXzw sImSp¯ sI. IcpWmIc³ 2001 se BâWna{´nk`bpsS Ime¯v CSt¯¡p NmSn A]IS¯n s]« BfmWv. AXmbXv C¶p P\m[n]Xyap¶Wnbn DÅhcn IcpWmIcsâ UnsFknbn tNcm¯ ]n.]n. X¦¨³, ctaiv sN¶n¯e F¶nhsct¸mepÅ ]gb CµncmtIm¬{KkpImÀ HgnsI FÃmhcpw. UnsFkn hgn tP¡_v {Kq¸pw Hcn¡Â CSXphnizmkw {]Jym]n¨XmWv.

AhscÃmhcpw CSXpap¶Wn hn«hcpamWv. AXn CSXpap¶Wnbn \n¶p ]pd¯m¡nbXpt]mse h¶ ]n.kn. tPmÀPpw DÄs¸Sp¶p. CSXpap¶Wnbn \n¶psImWvSv AhÀs¡Xntc ]dªmWv A¶p tPmÀPv he¯mbXv. CS¯v CSanÃmXmb tPmÀPns\ F§s\ he¯v DÄs¡mÅpsa¶ D½³NmWvSnbpsS _p²nbneqsSbmWp tPmÀPv amWnbnse¯nbXv. BÀFkv]nbpw P\XmZfpw am{Xaà amWnbpw BâWnbpw eoKpw tPmk^pw H¶pw ]pd¯m¡s¸«hcÃ, CSXnse PohnXw kln¡m\mhmsX CSXp]mfbw hn«hcmWv. Hmtcmcp¯cpw t]mIpt¼mÄ AhÀ t]mbXp \¶mbn F¶p ]dªv Bizkn¨hÀ¡v C\n Pbn¡m\mhnsöp hyàambt¸mÄ DWvSmbncn¡p¶ a\kpamäw BZÀi]csam¶paÃ, A[nImc¯n Xncns¨¯m³ thWvSnbmWv.

kn]nF½n\p LSII£nIfpsS hne hoWvSpw a\knembn F¶Xp ap¶Wncmjv{Sob¯n \ÃXmWv. ap¶Wncmjv{Sob¯neqsS GXmWvSv GII£n `cW¯nte¡p \o§pIbmbncp¶p tIcfw. AXnsâ ASbmfamWv Ct¸mgs¯ CSXpþ heXv ap¶WnIfpsS Nn{Xw. LSII£nIÄ¡p hÃXpw sImSp¡pI. _m¡nsbÃmw kz´am¡pI. AXmWp kn]nF½nsâbpw tIm¬{Kknsâbpw ssien. tIcf tIm¬{Kkv ]nÅ {Kq¸nsâ a{´nØm\w BtcmSpw tNmZn¡msX tIm¬{Kkv FSp¯p. AXp ap¶Wn acymZbÃ. CSXpap¶Wn hn«p htcWvSnh¶ P\XmZfns\ kzoIcn¨p F¶ÃmsX AwKoIcn¨nÃ. AhÀ¡p sImSp¡mambncp¶ koäpIÄ sImSp¡msX kz´am¡pIbpw sImSp¯nS¯pt]mepw ImephmcpIbpw sNbvXv CSXpap¶Wnsb hnPbn¸n¨p.

C¡mcy¯n tIm¬{Kknt\mSv AaÀjanÃm¯ LSII£nIÄ BcpWvSv? kzbw Pbn¡mhp¶nS¯p Pbn¡p¶p F¶ÃmsX ap¶WnbmbXpsImWvSv F´p {]tbmP\sa¶v Hmtcm LSII£n¡pw kwibapWvSv. amWn¡pt]mepw DWvSmbncp¶ntà B ]cmXn? A\p`mhnIÄ thm«p sN¿p¶p. A[nImc¯nse¯p¶tXmsS AsXÃmw ad¡p¶p F¶p am{Xw. tIcf tIm¬{KkpIÄ ebn¨t¸mÄ AhcpsS ]c¼cmKX koäpIÄ t]mepw sImSp¯nÃ.

Hmtcm ]mÀ«n¡pw \nbak`bnepÅ ]n´pW t\m¡n kÀ¡mcnse ]ZhnIÄ ]¦nSp¶XmWp ap¶Wn acymZ. AXp ]men¨ncps¶¦n tIm¬{Kkn\v D½³NmWvSn kÀ¡mcn C{X ]ZhnIÄ In«pambncpt¶m? eoKn\v Ct¸mgs¯ I£n\ne h¨v A©p a{´namÀ¡v AhImiw DWvSmbncns¡ AXns\ hÀKobhXvIcn¨p. kÀ¡mcnsâ CtaPv No¯bm¡n. bpUnF^nsâ CtaPv Ifbp¶Xp Nm\en apJw ImWn¡m³ skÂ^v tKmfSn¡p¶ bpUnF^v hàm¡Ä Xs¶bmWv.

1982  henb CtaPv XIÀ¨bpambn sXcsªSp¸n\pt]mb CSXpap¶Wn¡v BâWnbpw amWnbpw AS¡w ap¶Wnhn«n«pw `cWap¶Wntb¡mÄ IpdhpWvSmbXv shdpw 85,000 thm«mbncp¶p. am[ya§fpWvSm¡p¶ CtaPpw P\§fpsS a\knse [mcWbpw X½nepÅ _Ôw AXmWv.

LSII£nIsf HXp¡n ]camh[n ]ZhnIÄ kz´am¡p¶Xnsâbpw Iq«mb NÀ¨IÄ¡p ]Icw D`bI£n NÀ¨bneqsS Imcy§Ä Xocpam\n¡p¶Xnsâbpw A]ISw C¶v CSXp]£w A\p`hn¡p¶p. CSXpap¶Wn F¯ns¸«ncn¡p¶ AhØ ap¶Wncmjv{Sobs¯ hoWvSpw AXnsâ icnbmb ]mXbnse¯nt¨¡mw.

Hmtcm ]mÀ«nsbbpw sNdpXm¡nbm sNdpXmIp¶Xv ap¶Wnbmhpw F¶Xnsâ A\p`hkm£yambn BfnÃm ]mÀ«nIfpsS IqSmcamb CSXpap¶Wn. C¶pw H¶n¨p \n¡m\mbm P\m[n]Xyap¶Wn Xs¶ iàamIp¶Xpw AXpsIm WvSmWv.


SbÀ I¼\nIsf klmbn¡m³ ]pXnb IW¡pambn d_À t_mÀUv

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hn.F³. hmkh³ (sNbÀam³, d_vtIm)

PohnXw hgnap«nb IÀjIcpsS BßlXy XpScpt¼mgpw d_À Cd¡paXnsb \ymboIcn¨psImWvSpÅ d_À t_mÀUv BIvSnwKv sNbÀam³ tUm. F. PbXneInsâ clky dnt¸mÀ«v tIcf¯nse d_À IÀjIsc \ncmibnemgv¯p¶p. \nehnse kmlNcy¯n kzm`mhnI d_dnsâ Cd¡paXn XpScmsa¶mWv dnt¸mÀ«nse ]cmaÀiw.

d_À IÀjIsc klmbn¡psa¶p tI{µþkwØm\ kÀ¡mcpIÄ BhÀ¯n¡pt¼mgpw Cu hnjb¯n kÀ¡mcnsâ Hfn¨pIfn hyàam¡p¶XmWp d_À t_mÀUnsâ Cu \o¡w. SbÀ I¼\nIÄ¡p d_À t_mÀUv IogS§p¶Xnsâ Ahkm\ DZmlcWamWnXv.

C´ybnse d_À DXv]mZ\hpw D]t`mKhpw X½nepÅ A´cw 75,000 S®nsâ hyXymkw am{XapÅt¸mgmbncp¶p SbÀ I¼\nIÄ \mep e£t¯mfw S¬ d_À A\nb{´nXambn Cd¡paXn sNbvXXv. Ct¸mÄ, Cd¡paXnsb \ymboIcn¡m\pw h³tXmXn Cd¡paXn XpScm\pw SbÀ I¼\nIsf klmbn¡m\pw DXIp¶ \nebnemWp ØnXnhnhc¡W¡pIÄ ]pXp¡n Xbmdm¡n d_Àt_mÀUnsâ IqSn sNbÀam³ Øm\w hln¡p¶ kvss]kkv t_mÀUv sNbÀam³ tUm. F. PbXneIv dnt¸mÀ«v \ÂInbXv.

d_Àt_mÀUnse ØnXnhnhc¡W¡v hn`mKw Ignª A©p hÀj§fnembn kaÀ¸n¨n«pÅ DXv]mZ\¡W¡pIfn henb hyXymkapsWvS¶mWp PbXneIv \nivNbn¨ I½ojsâ “IsWvS¯Â’. I½ojsâ hnebncp¯Â C§s\: d_À t_mÀUv 2009þ10 km¼¯nIhÀjw {]kn²oIcn¨ IW¡v {]Imcw 8,31,400 S¬ d_dmWv ChnsS DXv]mZn¸n¨ncp¶Xv. F¶mÂ, ]pXp¡nb IW¡n 2009þ10se DÂ]mZ\w 7,81,900 Ss®¶mWv I½ojsâ IsWvS¯Â. AXmbXv, 49,500 S®nsâ Ipdhv. XpSÀ¶v 2013þ14 hÀjw hscbpÅ ]pXp¡nb IW¡pIfnepw DXv]mZ\w IpdhmsW¶v 2015 amÀ¨v 20 \p ]pds¸Sphn¨ clkydnt¸mÀ«n ChÀ ]dbp¶p. BZyw {]kn²oIcn¨Xnt\¡mÄ, 2010þ11  71,750 S®nsâbpw 2011þ12 1,23,200 S®nsâbpw DXv]mZ\¡pdhmWp d_À t_mÀUnsâ ]pXnb IW¡nepÅsX¶v dnt¸mÀ«nepWvSv. 2012þ13 emIs«, t_mÀUnsâ ]¡epÅ IW¡nt\¡mÄ 1,69,500 S¬ d_dnsâ DXv]mZ\¡pdhmWv C´ybnse¶pw I½oj³ kaÀYn¡p¶p.

d_À DXv]mZ\w kw_Ôn¨v d_À t_mÀUnsâ ]gb IW¡pw ]pXp¡nb IW¡pw Ch X½nepÅ A´chpw t_mIvkn (d_dnsâ Afhv S®nÂ):

tI{µ kÀ¡mcnsâ ap³ hmWnPy\bw A\pkcn¨v Cd¡paXnbpsS IW¡v cWvSc hÀj¯n Hcn¡embncp¶p kaÀ¸nt¡WvSnbncp¶sX¦n Ct¸mgXv Bdpamkambn \nPs¸Sp¯nbn«pWvSv. Cu kmlNcy¯nÂ, ]pXnb IbäpaXn\nba¯n h³ Xncnadn \S¯nbmWv A\nb{´nXamb Cd¡paXn Ct¸mgpw XpScp¶sX¶Xv hyàw. DXv]mZ\hpambn _Ôs¸« IW¡pIÄ ]p\x{IaoIcn¡pt¼mÄ A\nb{´nXamb Cd¡paXnsb \ymboIcn¡m\pw Cd¡paXn XpScp¶Xn\pw CXp hgnsbmcp¡pw. IqSmsX, skkv ]ncn¡p¶ DtZymKØcpw I¼\nIfpw X½nepÅ Ahnip² Iq«psI«nsâbpw AgnaXnbpsSbpw hkvXpXIÄ \ne\nÂs¡, kzm`mhnI d_dn \n¶p e`n¡p¶ skknsâ ASnØm\¯n am{XamWv Cd¡paXnsb \ymboIcn¡p¶ ØnXnhnhc¡W¡pIÄ Xbmdm¡nbn«pÅXv.

ASnb´c{]m[m\yt¯msS DXv]mZ\ ØnXnhnhc¡W¡pIÄ Xbmdm¡nb ]m\en d_À t_mÀUpambn _Ôs¸« Bscbpw ASp¸n¨n«nÃ. 2014 \hw_À 16\v kvss]kkv t_mÀUv BØm\¯v ASnb´cambn tNÀ¶ tbmK¯n tIcf ImÀjnI kÀhIemime ÌmänÌnIvkv hn`mKw dn«tbÀUv {]^kÀ hn.sI.Pn. D®n¯m³, C´y³ A{Kn¡Ä¨d ÌmänÌnIvkv dnkÀ¨v C³Ìnäyq«v (sFFFkvBÀsF) {]n³kn¸Â kbânÌv tUm. A\n dmbv F¶nhsc NpaXes¸Sp¯nbmWv Cd¡paXnsb \ymboIcn¡m\pw \ne\nÀ¯m\pw DXIp¶ coXnbn B`y´c DXv]mZ\w Ipd¨pIm«nbXv. ^oÂUv kÀthItfm emäIvknsâ IW¡pItfm XpS§n DXv]mZ\ ØnXnhnhc¡W¡n\v A\nhmcyambsXm¶pw ChÀ ]cnKWn¨Xmbn AdnhnÃ. kzm`mhnI d_dn \n¶p e`n¡p¶ skknsâ ASnØm\¯n am{XamWv ChÀ ØnXnhnhc¡W¡v Xbmdm¡nbXv.

skkv ]ncn¡p¶Xn DtZymKØcpw SbÀ I¼\nIfpw X½n \S¯nb sImSnb AgnaXnbpw CXneqsS shfnhmIpIbmWv. Cd¡paXnbpsS IW¡v \ÂIm³ Bdpamkw Imemh[n B¡nbt¸mÄ `qcn`mKw I¼\nIfpw d_À skkv \ÂIp¶Xn Ir{Xnaw Im«n. skkv \ÂImsX SbÀ I¼\nIÄ d_À t_mÀUnsâ DXv]mZ\ IW¡ns\ tNmZyw sNbvXp. Chsc klmbn¡m\pw e£yan«pÅXmWv dnt¸mÀ«v.

hne¡pdhv aqew Sm¸nwKnÂ\n¶p IÀjIÀ amdn\n¡p¶ Cu Imebfhn X«n¡q«v IWs¡Sp¯v Ignª A©p hÀjhpw d_À DXv]mZ\w IpdhmsW¶p hcp¯m\pÅ {iaamWv d_Àt_mÀUv sNbÀamsâ ImÀanIXz¯n \S¡p¶Xv. CXp SbÀ Ip¯IIsf kwc£n¡pIsb¶ e£yw ap³\nÀ¯nbpÅXmWv.






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