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aXaÃ, a\kmWp KmÔnPn

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UÂln Ubdn / tPmÀPv IÅnhbenÂ

tUm. amÀ«n³ eqYÀ InwKv A¶p ]dªXv C¶pw bmYmÀYyambn \nesImÅp¶p. KmÔnPnbpsS Bßmhv C´ybn XpSnsIm«n \n¡p¶p. temI¯n\pXs¶ AXp al¯msbmcp ]mcntXmjnIamWv. kvt\l¯n\pw kam[m\¯n\pw thWvSnbpÅ At±l¯nsâ CÑmiànsb \ap¡v, kakvX P\§Ä¡pw cmjv{S§Ä¡pw s\t©ämw. Atacn¡³ {]knUâv _dmIv H_mabpsS hm¡pIfmWnXv. IgnªbmgvN UÂln kµÀi\¯ns\¯nb H_ma cmPvL«nse¯n almßPn¡v BZcmRvPenbÀ¸n¨tijw kµÀiI ]pkvXI¯nemWv C§s\sbgpXnbXv.

HmÀaIfnsecnbp¶p cmPvL«nse Aán

cmjv{S]nXmhv almßm KmÔnbpsS càkm£nXz¯nsâ 67þmw hmÀjnIambncp¶p C¶se. AlnwkbneqsS C´ybv¡p kzmX{´yw t\Sn¯¶ KmÔnPn temI¯n\msI C¶pw {]tNmZ\amsW¶Xn\p sXfnhmWp Atacn¡³ {]knUânsâ Ipdn¸v. taml³Zmkv IcwNµv KmÔnsb¶ 79 hbkpÅ saenªpW§nb hr²sâ s\©nte¡p LmXI\mb bphmhv shSnh¨t¸mÄ C´ybpsSbpw temI¯nsâbpw kam[m\Imw£nIfpsS lrZbamIpw tNmc Nn´nbXv.

1948 P\phcn 30\mbncp¶p tImSn¡W¡n\p C´y¡mcpsS Bcm[y]pcpj\mb KmÔnPnsb aX{`m´p aq¯ ]q\¡mc\mb \mYpdmw tKmUvsksb¶ bphmhv shSnh¨Xv. cmjv{S]nXmhnsâ LmXIs\ 66 hÀjw ap¼p cmPyw Xq¡nteän. h[KqVmtemN\bn lnµpalmk`bpsS Xo{hhmZn hn`mKw DÄs¸«ncp¶psh¶Xn kwibtabnsöv A¶s¯ B`y´ca{´nbpw Ct¸mgs¯ {][m\a{´n \tc{µ tamZnbpsS Cãt\Xmhpamb kÀZmÀ hÃ`v`mbv ]t«Â hyàam¡nbncp¶p. lnµpalmk` t\Xmhv iyma{]kmZv apJÀPn¡v Ab¨ I¯nemWp ]t«Â AÀYi¦bnÃmsX C¡mcyw ]dbp¶Xv.

KmÔnPnbpsS h[¯n ]¦nsöv BÀFkvFkv BZyw AhImis¸s«¦nepw kXyw A[nIImew Hfn¨phbv¡m³ BIpambncp¶nÃ. BÀFkvFkv kz´w IpSpw_w Xs¶bmsW¶p tKmUvskbpsS ktlmZc³ tKm]m ]n¶oSp ]ckyambn ]dªp. kmapZmbnI hnjw Noäp¶ BÀFkvFkv t\Xm¡fpsS {]kwK§fmWp KmÔnPnbpsS h[¯nte¡p \bn¨sX¶p BÀFkvFknsâ sk{I«dnbmbncp¶ tKmÄhmÄ¡À¡v Ab¨ I¯n B`y´ca{´nbmbncp¶ kÀZmÀ ]t«Â NqWvSn¡m«nbncp¶p.

ChnsSbpw BhÀ¯n¡ptam B Idp¯ Ncn{Xw?

PÀa\nbnse \mknIfpsSbpw Cäenbnse ^mknÌpIfpsSbpw Øm\ambncn¡pw `mhnC´ybn X§Äs¡¶p kwLw (BÀFkvFkv) {]Xo£n¨m AXn H«pw AXnitbmànbnsömWp {_n«ojv CâenP³knsâ 1933 {]kn²oIcn¨ dnt¸mÀ«n NqWvSn¡mWn¡p¶Xv. Ct¸mÄ B hgn¡pXs¶btà ChnsS Imcy§Ä \o§p¶sX¶p \ymbambpw kwibn¡msa¶mWp ap³ tI{µa{´n Fw.]n. hotc{µIpamÀ ]dbp¶Xv.

\mkn PÀa\nbn e£¡W¡n\p PqX·msc Iq«s¡me sNbvX lnävedpsS \S]Snsb \ymboIcn¨ temI¯nse AXy]qÀhw t\Xm¡fpw C´ybnse BÀFkvFkv, lnµpalmk`m t\Xm¡fmsW¶Xpw hnkvacn¡m\mInÃ. cmPy¯nsâ ]cnip²nbpw kwkvImchpw kwc£n¡m\mbn PqX·msc PÀa\nbn \n¶p ]pd¯m¡nbXn \n¶p lnµpØm\pw ]mT§Ä DÄs¡mÅWsa¶pw ]dªbmfmWp lnµp almk`bpsS A[y£\mbncp¶ hoÀ kÀhÀ¡À. \mknk¯nsâbpw ^mknk¯nsâbpw am{´nIkv]Àiw sImWvSp PÀa\nbpw Cäenbpw CXphscbnÃm¯ A`qX]qÀhamb hfÀ¨ ssIhcn¨n«psWvS¶pw khÀ¡À A`n{]mbs¸«ncp¶p. PÀa³ tZim`nam\w Ime¯nsâ A`nam\amsW¶mbncp¶p BÀFkvFkv t\Xmhv tKmÄhmÄ¡À ]dªXv.

t]mfWvSnse Ip{]kn²amb Hmjvhnävkv tIm¬sk³t{Sj³ Iym¼pIÄ kµÀin¨t¸mgpWvSmb hn§epw thZ\bpw Ct¸mgpw amdnbn«nÃ. hnhcn¡m³t]mepamIm¯ sImSpw{IqcXIfpsS bYmÀY Nn{X§fpambpÅ tUmIypsaâdnbpw ImWm\mbncp¶p. temIw IWvS Gähpw henb ss]imNnI {IqcXbn t]mepw hÀKobamb B\µw IsWvS¯m³ a\pjy kwkvImc§fpsS CuänÃhpw AlnwkmhmZnbmb almßPnbpsS \mSpamb C´ybnepw Nnesc¦nepw DWvSmbn. almßmKmÔnsb shSnh¨p sImÃm³ khÀ¡dpsS Bcm[I\mbncp¶ \mYpdmw tKmUvskbv¡p t{]cWbpWvSmbXnepw AZv`pXanÃ.

am¸nÃ, Cu LmXI {]XnjvTbv¡v

cmjv{S]nXmhnsâ LmXI\p {]Xna Øm]n¡m\pÅ lnµp almk`bpsSbpw aäp Nne klkwL\IfpsSbpw Xocpam\w temIsa§papÅ AlnwkmhmZnItfmSpÅ shÃphnfnbpw C´ybpsS atXXc aqey§tfmSpÅ A]am\hpamIpw. kvt\l¯nsâbpw kam[m\¯nsâbpw ktµihmlI\mbncp¶ KmÔnPn aX\nct]£Xbv¡p thWvSnbpw F¡mehpw \nesImWvSncp¶p. Cu amkw BZyw KpPdm¯nse KmÔnPnbpsS k_ÀaXn B{ia¯nse¯nbt¸mgpw KmÔnPn \nesImWvS k\mX\, atXXc aqey§fpsS alXzw Hcn¡ÂIqSn t_m[ys¸SpIbpw sNbvXncp¶p.

ambv¡m\mInà atXXc `mh§Ä

cmjv{S]nXmhv h[n¡s¸«n«v 67 hÀjw ]n¶nSpt¼mgpw C´ysb¶ al¯mb cmPy¯nsâ ASnØm\ {]amW§fn hsc shÅw tNÀ¡m\mWp aXXo{hhmZnIÄ X{Xs¸Sp¶Xv. ]eXc¯nepw ]ecq]¯nepw hÀKobhmZnIÄ atXXcXz, tkmjyenÌv LS\bpsS ASnthcp XIÀ¡m³ {ian¡p¶p. KmÔn LmXIs\ alXzhXvIcn¡m\pw kvamcIw \nÀan¡m\papÅ kwL]cnhmdnse Nne iànIfpsS {ia§Ä CXnsem¶p am{XamIpw.

C´y³ `cWLS\bn \n¶p atXXcw, tkmjyenÌv F¶o hm¡pIÄ Hgnhm¡n tI{µ kÀ¡mÀ ]pd¯nd¡nb ]ckyhpw AtXXpSÀ¶pWvSmb hnhmZhpw cmjv{S¯nsâ `mhn¡p t\À¡pÅ A]mbkqN\bmWv. dn¸»nIv Zn\mtLmj§fpsS `mKambn tI{µ hmÀ¯m hnXcW a{´mebw \ÂInb ]cky¯nemWv atXXcw, tkmjyenÌv F¶o hm¡pIÄ Hgnhm¡nbpÅ `cWLS\bpsS BapJ t]Pnsâ Nn{Xw {]kn²s¸Sp¯nbXv. CXn\p ]n¶msebmWp cmPyk` ]pd¯nd¡nb Cu hÀjs¯ IeWvSdnepw CtX {]iv\apsWvS¶p IsWvS¯nbXv. atXXchpw tkmjyenÌpw CÃm¯ `cWLS\bpsS ]gb BapJt]Pnsâ Nn{XamWv D]cnk`bpsS IeWvSdnteXpw.

A[nImcw ]nghnsâ \ngemIcpXv

tI{µkÀ¡mcnsâbpw ]mÀesaânsâbpw H¶ntesd HutZymKnI Nn{X§fn Hcpt]mse atXXcXzw CÃmsX h¶Xp XoÀ¯pw bmZrÑnIamsW¶p IcpXm\mInÃ. tI{µa{´n sh¦¿ \mbnUp AhImis¸«Xpt]mse t_m[]qÀhaÃm¯ ]nghmWnsX¶p hnizkn¡m\pw \ymbanÃ. atXcXzw `cWLS\bn \n¶p Øncambn amtäWvSXmsW¶ F³UnF kJyI£nbmb inhtk\bpsS hmZs¯ \ymboIcn¨ tI{µa{´n chni¦À {]kmZnsâ {]XnIcWw hyàamb kqN\bmWv. {]Xybimkv{X]chpw am\knIhpambn lnµpcmjv{S¯n hnizkn¡p¶ tI{µkÀ¡mcnse kJyI£nbmb inhtk\bpsS hmZapJ§sf Xncp¯m³ {][m\a{´ntbm, _nsP]n t\XrXztam XbmdmbXpanÃ.

C´y Hcn¡epw Hcp aX\nct]£ cmjv{Sambncp¶nsöpw AsXmcp lnµpcmjv{SamsW¶pw inhtk\ Fw]n kRvPbv dmh¯v ]ckyambn ]dªXp \nbahmgvNtbmSpÅ shÃphnfnIqSnbmWv. cmPy¯p \nehnepÅ `cWLS\sb ]qÀWambn AwKoIcn¡m\pw A\pkcn¡m\pw Hmtcm ]uc\pw ISabpw D¯chmZnXzhpapWvSv. GsXmcp cmjv{S¯nsâbpw hnip² ]pkvXIamWp `cWLS\. hfsctbsd NÀ¨IÄ¡ptijamWp atXXcXzhpw tkmjyenkhpw IqSn `cWLS\bpsS ASnØm\ ineIfm¡nbXv. ASnØm\ {]amW§fn amäw hcp¯mhp¶Xsöp t_m[yapÅhÀ Xs¶bmWv A\mhiy hnhmZ¯n\p {]kvXmh\ \S¯p¶Xv.


ASn¯dbnf¡cpXv; sFIyamWp iàn

\m\mXz¯nse GIXzamWv C´ybpsS iàn. PmXnbpw aXhpw kwkvImchpw apX C{Xtbsd sshhn[yapÅ P\X temI¯p Xs¶ thsdbnÃ. Bbnc§fpsS Poh³ _ensImSp¯ ]m¡nØm³ hn`P\¯nsâbpw ]n¶oSpWvSmb hÀKob Iem]§fpsSbpw apdn¸mSpIÄ C¶pw DW§nbn«nÃ. AXn\m Xs¶ cmPy¯nsâ hfÀ¨bpw hnIk\hpw ]ptcmKXnbpw B{Kln¡p¶ HcmÄ¡pw P\§sf X½neSn¸n¡p¶ asämcp `n¶Xbv¡p Iq«p\n¡m\mInÃ. ASn¯dbnfInbm GsXmcp henb ku[hpw hogm³ A[nI kabw thWvSnhcnÃ.

temI¯nse Gähpw henb P\m[n]Xy cmjv{S¯nsâ ASnØm\ ine Cf¡m\pÅ {ia§Äs¡Xntc `qcn]£ kapZmb¯nse cmPykvt\lnIfpw hnthIimenIfpamWp cwK¯phtcWvSXv. atXXcXzhpw tkmjyenkhpw `cWLS\bpsS A´xk¯bmWv. ]m¡nØm³ AS¡apÅ AbÂcmPy§Ä ]eXpw {]XnkÔnbnemIpt¼mgpw `cWLS\ Im¯pkq£n¡p¶Xn CXphsc Im«nb {i²bmWp P\m[n]Xy cmPyamb C´ysb BtKmf iànbmbn DbÀ¯p¶Xv.

CsabnÂ: chiefdelhi@deepika.com


]Zhn¡p Ime]cn[n thtWvS?

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]n.kn. kndnbIv

1950P\phcn 26\p henb ip`{]Xo£ItfmsSbmWp \½psS `cWLS\m \nÀamWk` C´y³ `cWLS\bv¡v Ahkm\cq]w \ÂIn, AXp P\§Ä¡p kaÀ¸n¨psImWvSv C´y³ dn¸»n¡n\p XpS¡w Ipdn¨Xv.

We the people of India... F¶p XpS§p¶ C´y³ `cWLS\bpsS apJhpc kp{]kn²amWv. Hmtcm ]uc\pw \oXnbpw kzmX{´yhpw Xpey Ahkc§fpw Dd¸p\ÂIp¶ Cu `cWLS\ P\§fmb \mw \ap¡pthWvSn \ap¡pXs¶ kaÀ¸n¡pIbmbncp¶p. B ip`Zn\¯nsâ hmÀjnIw BtLmjn¡pt¼msgÃmw C¡meL«¯n ssIhcn¨ t\«§sf hnebncp¯Ww; ]mfn¨Isf A]{KYn¨p ]mT§Ä DÄs¡mÅWw. apt¶m«pÅ {]bmW¯n\p Xncp¯epIfpw amä§fpw BhiyamtWm F¶p ]cntim[n¡Ww.

Ignª 65 hÀjs¯ Gähpw henb t\«ambn \ap¡p NqWvSn¡mWn¡m\pÅXp \mw P\m[n]Xy¯nsâ ssI¯ncn AWbmsX kwc£n¨p F¶XmWv. NpäpapÅ cmPy§sfÃmw ssk\nI tkzÑm[n]Xy¯n AaÀ¶t¸mgpw ChnsS \mw P\m[n]Xyw \ne\nÀ¯n. sXcsªSp¸pIÄ IrXykab¯p \S¯n.

kzX{´hpw \oXnbpàhpamb coXnbn sXcsªSp¸pIÄ \S¡m\pw P\§Ä¡p `banÃmsX thm«hImiw D]tbmKs¸Sp¯m\pw kwhn[m\samcp¡n. A§s\ P\§fpsS iÐw \½psS ]mÀesaânepw kwØm\ \nbak`Ifnepw apg§nt¡Ä¡m³ hgn sNbvXp. Cu kmlNcy¯n kzm`mhnIambpw Gähpw \à Hcp P\m[n]Xy `cW kwkvImcw ChnsS hnSÀ¶p hnIkn¨p ]cnafw ]ct¯WvSXtÃ? AXpt]mse, Adp]Xp sImÃs¯ P\m[n]Xy`cWwsImWvSv CXn\Iw P\§fpsS ASnØm\]camb Bhiy§sfÃmw \ndthäs¸«ncnt¡WvSXtÃ? AhcpsS PohnXt¢iw Ipdbv¡ms\¦nepapÅ \S]SnIÄ ^e{]Zambn \S¸m¡n Ignªncnt¡WvSXtÃ? A\oXnbpw AgnaXnbpw NqjWhpw XpS¨p\o¡n \mw kz]v\w IWvS cmacmPyhpw CXn\Iw \nehn h¶ncn¡WatÃm!

]t£, bmYmÀYyw FhnsS? h©n Ct¸mgpw Xncp\¡sc¯s¶. tIa·mcmb C{Xb[nIw t\Xm¡·mcpsS Adp]Xp sImÃs¯ Xpg¨nÂsImWvSp henb {]tbmP\apWvSmbn«nÃtÃm. H¶m´cw `cWLS\, Ipäaä \nbahyhØIÄ, kmam\yw kzX{´ambn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ \oXn\ymb tImSXnIÄ, kzX{´amb sXcsªSp¸pIfneqsS A[nImc¯nse¯p¶ P\{]Xn\n[nIÄþ CsXÃmapWvSmbn«pw FhnsSbpw AkwXr]vXnbpw \ncmibpw. ASnØm\kuIcy§Ä tamiamb \nehmc¯nÂ. tdmUpIfpw KXmKXkuIcy§fpw A]cym]vXw. thWvS{X sshZypXnbnÃ. hnZym`ymk \nehmcw Dbcp¶nÃ. Zmcn{Zyw Ipdbp¶nÃ. ]²XnIÄ ]eXpw ]mfp¶p. kl{ktImSnIfpsS sNehv \S¡p¶p. ]t£, ^ew DWvSmIp¶nÃ. klmbw AÀlXbpÅhÀ¡p In«p¶nÃ. FhnsSbpw AgnaXn¡YIÄ am{Xw.

AgnaXn¡msc ]nSnIqSn IÀi\ in£ \ÂIm³ \nbaw DWvSm¡msa¶p k½Xn¨ \½psS Fw]namÀ þ`cW]£¯pw {]Xn]£¯papÅhÀ, ssItImÀ¯v B \nbaw ]mkm¡msX DcpWvSpIfn¨p. P\§Ä thsd, R§Ä thsd F¶pds¡ {]Jym]n¡pIbmbncp¶ntà AhÀ, AhnsS? kz´w {]Xn\n[nIfmbn P\§Ä sXcsªSp¯ Cu t\Xm¡Ä¡v C§s\sbmcp \ne]msSSp¡m³ F§s\bpWvSmbn ss[cyw?

D¯cw efnXw. ChnsSbpÅXv, P\§Ä¡pthWvSn P\§Ä \S¯p¶ P\§fpsS `cWaÃ. adn¨v, t\Xm¡·mÀ¡pthWvSn t\Xm¡·mÀ \S¯p¶ t\Xm¡·mcpsS `cWw am{XamWv. sXcsªSp¸pIÄ IrXykab¯p \S¡pw. DĸmÀ«n P\m[n]Xy¯nsâ \ngem«w t]mepanÃm¯ cmjv{Sob]mÀ«nIfpsS t\XrXzw hln¡p¶ ChÀ Hmtcm sXcsªSp¸nepw Ahsc¯s¶, Asæn B{inXsc, Øm\mÀYnIfmbn \nÀ¯p¶p. Cu ØnXn amdn bYmÀY P\m[n]Xyw ]pecm³ P\{]Xn\n[nIÄ¡p ]ZhnIme¯n\p ]cn[n \nÀWbn¡Ww.

Atacn¡bn {]knUân\p cWvSp tSw BWp ]Zhn¡mew. 1951þemWv Hcp `cWLS\m t`ZKXn hgn AhnsS Cu \nbaw sImWvSph¶Xv. ap¼p tPmÀPv hmjnwKvS¬, tXmakv sPt^gvk¬ XpS§nb {]KÂ`cmb BZyIme {]knUâpamÀ cWvSp tSw F¶Xv Hcp \à Iogvhg¡ambn IcpXn aq¶mas¯ {]mhiyw aÕcn¡msX amdn\n¡pIbmbncp¶p. P\m[n]Xyw, Imem´c¯n cmP`cW k{¼Zmbambn A[x]Xn¡mXncn¡m³ {]knUâpamÀ C§s\sbmcp Iogvhg¡w ]men¡Wsa¶mbncp¶p, AhnsS `cWLS\bpsS Øm]I ]nXm¡·mÀ B{Kln¨Xv. 1930Ifnse km¼¯nI XIÀ¨bpw 1940Ifn cWvSmw temI almbp²hpw krãn¨ {]tXyI kmlNcy¯nÂ, {]knUâv dqkvshÂäv \mepXhW sXcsªSp¡s¸«t¸mgmWv AhnsS, `cWLS\ t`ZKXn sNbvXns«¦nepw {]knUânsâ ]Zhn¡mew cWvSp tSw am{Xambn Npcp¡Wsa¶v Atacn¡³ P\X Xocpam\n¨Xv. emän³ Atacn¡bn an¡ cmPy§fnepw {]knUânsâ ]Zhn H¶v, Asæn cWvSp tSw am{Xambn Npcp¡nbn«pWvSv.

]gb Ncn{X¯nte¡p It®mSn¨mtem? BY³knepw kv]mÀ«bnepw \KckÀ¡mcnsâ 500 AwK§fpÅ Iu¬knensâ Imemh[n HcphÀjw am{Xw. Hmtcm XhWbpw AwK§sfÃmhcpw ]pXnbhÀ. {]mNo\ tdmanepw aPnkvt{Säpamsc sXcsªSp¯ncp¶Xv Hcp hÀjt¯¡p am{Xw. AXp Ignªv ASp¯ ]¯p hÀjt¯¡p aÕcn¡m³ ]mSnÃ. Øncambn ]Zhnbnencp¶p Øm]nX XmXv]cy§Ä DWvSm¡mXncn¡m\pw AgnaXn¡v Ahkcw \ÂImXncn¡m\pamWv Cu \n_Ô\.

C´ybnte¡p h¶mtem? ]¯mw \qämWvSnse tNmf·mcpsS Ime¯p {Kma§fpsS `cWw P\m[n]XycoXnbn sXcsªSp¡s¸«ncp¶ ]©mb¯pIfmbncp¶p \S¯nbncp¶Xv. ChnsS HcmÄ aq¶p sImÃs¯ ]Zhn Imemh[n ]qÀ¯nbm¡nbm¸ns¶ Abmtfm IpSpw_mwK§tfm ASp¯ Ggp Xeapd¡met¯¡p aÕcn¡m³ ]mSnÃ. 1100 sImÃw ap¼v tNmfkm{amPyw `cn¨ncp¶ ]cm´I tNmfsâ Imes¯ Cu \S]Sn{Ia§Ä sNss¶bnÂ\n¶pw 90 In.ao. AIsebpÅ D¯nctacqÀ F¶ Øe¯p {Kmak`m aÞ]¯n IÃn sIm¯nh¨n«pWvSv. FUn 920þse Cu inemenJnXa\pkcn¨v, P\{]Xn\n[nIfpsS {]hÀ¯\w Xr]vXnIcasæn Ahsc Xncn¨phnfn¡m\pw hyhØbpWvSmbncp¶p.

C´y³ P\m[n]Xyw t\cnSp¶ {]iv\§Ä¡p P\{]Xn\n[nIfpsS ]ZhnImew ]cnanXs¸Sp¯p¶Xp ]cnlmcamIptam? C¶p \½psS \nbak`Ifnepw ]mÀesaânepw \Kck`Ifnepw aäpw ap¸Xpw \mev]Xpw hÀj§fmbn ]Zhnbn XpScp¶hÀ ]eÀ. ChÀ Hcp Ime¯v DuÀPkzecmbn {]hÀ¯n¨n«pÅhcmsW¦nepw {ItaW DÕmlw Ipdªv, ZoÀLho£Wt¯msS {]iv\§Ä ImWm\pw ]pXnb ho£WtImW§Ä a\knem¡m\pw IgnhnÃm¯hcmbn amdnbn«ntÃ? F§s\sb¦nepw sXcsªSp¸n Pbn¡Ww, AXn\p Iptdt¸sc XmXvImet¯¡p k´pjvScmbn \nÀ¯Ww F¶ Nn´mKXnbtà AhÀ¡pÅXv? `mhnt\«§Ä¡mbn XXvImew Aev]w _p²nap«v kln¡p¶Xp ]et¸mgpw kaql¯n\p Bhiyambnhcpw. ]t£, C¡mcy§sfÃmw ]dªv P\§sf t_m[ys¸Sp¯n, ZoÀLho£Wt¯msS `mhn t{ibkn\p thWvSn ]²XnIÄ \S¸m¡m³ ChÀ¡v XmXv]cyanÃ.

kzmX{´ykacIme¯p cmjv{Sobw \nkzmÀY tkh\¯n\pÅ taJebmbncp¶p. aäp XpdIfn hnes¸« tkh\w ImgvNh¨p t]scSp¯hÀ bmsXmcp {]Xn^ehpw {]Xo£n¡msX kzmX{´ykac¯nte¡nd§n XymK§Ä kln¨p. IpSpw_w ]peÀ¯mt\m ]Ww k¼mZn¡mt\m DÅ amÀKambn AhÀ cmjv{Sobs¯ IWvSnÃ. AXpsImWvSv A¡mes¯ t\Xm¡fmbncp¶ \½psS `cWLS\m ]nXm¡·mÀ P\{]Xn\n[nIfpsS ]ZhnIme¯n\p ]cn[n \nÀWbn¡p¶ Imcys¯¸än Nn´n¨tXbnÃ. ]t£, kzmX{´y¯n\ptijw ]pXnb Xcw t\Xm¡fpsS \nc DbÀ¶ph¶p. AhÀ¡p cmjv{Sobw tkh\aÃ, sXmgnembncp¶pþ Hcp {]^j³. {]tXyI hnZym`ymk tbmKyXtbm, IgnhpItfm, aäp hcpam\ amÀK§tfm CÃm¯ ]ecpw t\Xm¡fmbn cwKs¯¯n. ChÀ IpSpw_w ]peÀ¯m\pw `mhn `{Zam¡m\papÅ kz¯v k¼mZn¡Â hgnbmbn cmjv{Sobs¯ IWvSp. bmsXmcp sXmgnepw sN¿msX, cmjv{Sob t\Xm¡·mcmbn \S¡p¶ At\Iw t]À (Chcn ]ecpw P\{]Xn\n[nIÄ) h³ XpI apS¡n hoSpIÄ sI«p¶p. aäp kz¯p¡Ä hmcn¡q«p¶p, ASn¨p s]mfn¨p Pohn¡p¶p. \oWvS\mÄ Ime]cn[nbnÃmsX A[nImc¯n XpScm³ km[n¡p¶Xp sImWvSmWv C§s\sbÃmw kw`hn¡p¶Xv.

P\{]Xn\n[nIfpsS ]ZhnImew ]cnanXs¸Sp¯pt¼mÄ Øncw ]©mb¯v saw_Àamcpw Øncw FwFÂFamcpw Øncw Fw]namcpw ]Snbndt§WvSnhcpw. ]pXnb Bib§fpambn hcp¶ sNdp¸¡mcpw aäp taJeIfn Ignhv sXfnbn¨hcpw DÄs¸Sp¶ ]pXpapJ§Ä¡v Ahkcw In«pw. Øncw BfpIÄ HgnhmIp¶tXmsS, A[nImc¯nsâ D¶Xt{iWnbnepÅ ]e I®nIfpw Øm]nX XmXv]cy¡mÀ¡p \ãs¸Spw. ]ZhnIme¯n\p ]cn[n \nÀWbn¡p¶tXmsS P\{]Xn\n[nIÄ kzX{´ a\tkmsS Nn´n¡m\pw k`bn thm«v tcJs¸Sp¯m\pw XbmdmIpw.

]t£, ]Zhn¡me¯n\p ]cn[n \nÀWbn¡p¶tXmsS, Imcyhnhchpw BßmÀYXbpapÅ ]e t\Xm¡·mcpsSbpw tkh\w \ap¡p \ãs¸Sm\pw CSbpWvSv. F¦nepw Cu \bwamäw sImWvSp Zqjyt¯¡mtfsd KpW amWpWvSmIp¶Xv, kwibanÃ.

]WvSv BIvS¬ {]`p ]dªp, 'Power corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutely'F¶v. AXnsâ NphSp]nSn¨p \ap¡p ]dbmw, Tenure corrupts and absolute tenure corrupts absolutely (Ime]cn[nbnÃm¯ A[nImcw h³ AgnaXn¡p hfwhbv¡pw).


tdj³ ImÀUv, kvssa ¹okv!

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Hu«v Hm^v td©v / tPm¬k¬ ]qh´pcp¯v

]Xnhmbn Int«WvS ISpwIm¸nbpambn acpaIÄ C\nbpw F¯nbn«nÃ, hey½ kmh[m\w Xsâ InS¡bn Fgpt¶äncp¶p, {]mbw F¬]Xnsâ ]SnhmXn¡ \mWwIpWp§n \n¡p¶p. hey½bpsS sseäv B³Uv kuWvSv kwhn[m\w Ipsd¡meambn XIcmdn BbXn\m Ct¸mÄ ]pdt¯¡pÅ bm{Xbv¡p ho«pImÀ hok sImSp¡p¶nÃ. C§s\sbms¡bmsW¦nepw acpaIsf¡pdn¨pÅ Fs´¦nepw hÀ¯am\amsW¦n ImtWWvSsXms¡ ImWm\pw tIÄt¡WvSsXms¡ tIÄ¡m\papÅ khntijamb Ignhpw ]pÅn¡mcnbpsS {]tXyIXbmWv. F´ntbSn AhÄ.. F¶p tNmZn¡m³ \mhpbÀ¯nbt¸mgmWp sIm¨paIÄ Im¸nbpambn F¯nbXv. F´ntbSo \nsâ XÅ?..þ hey½bpsS Ipiemt\zjWw. "heyt½ C¶p tdj³ImÀUnsâ t^mt«msbSp¡p¶ Znhkam'. Cu t\cw ]cm]cmshfp¡p¶Xn\p apt¼ AhÄ t^mt«m ]nSn¡m³ t]mtbm? þ hey½bv¡p kwibw. "Ct¸mÄ t^mt«msbSp¡m³ t]mbXÃ, A¸pds¯ _yq«oj³ caWnt¨¨nsb ImWm³ t]mbXm.' Imcyw a\knembnsö a«n hey½ ]pcnIwNpfn¨p. "heyt½ tdj³ ImÀUn hcp¶ ]SatÃ. AXpsImWvSp tamiamIm³ ]mSnsöp ]dªp A½ cmhnse caWnt¨¨osS ho«n tKmÄU³ t^jy sN¿m³ t]mbXm.'

CXptI«Xpw hey½bpsS apJw IpSn¨psImWvSncp¶ ISpwIm¸n t]mse CcpWvSp. 't^jysems¡ DsWvS¶p \osbms¡ F´mSo Ft¶mSp t\cs¯ ]dbmXncp¶Xv? IjvSambnt¸mbo.' hey½bv¡v F§s\ \ncmi tXm¶mXncn¡pw? IpSpw_¯nse apXnÀ¶ h\nX F¶ \nebn hey½bv¡p h¶ Nm³kmbncp¶p tdj³ ImÀUnse XssehnØm\w. bm{X sN¿m\pÅ IjvS¸mSv HmÀ¯mWp ]Zhn acpaIÄ¡p ssIamdnbXv. CXn¸w t^mt«msbSp¸n\p ap¼p »o¨nwKpw t^jyepsams¡bpWvSmbncps¶¦n Hcp ssIt\m¡mambncp¶p.

Aev]w Ignªt¸mÄ AXm AWnsªmcp§nb IeymWs¸®ns\t¸mse acpaIÄ Ibdnhcp¶pWvSv. hmXn¡ F¯nbt¸mÄ ho«pImcsâ Iaâvþ "heXp Imeph¨p Ibdnt¡m, C\n AXnsâ IpdhpsImWvSp t^mt«msbSp¸p tamiamtIWvS'. `À¯mhnsâ Ifnbm¡Â tI«n«pw tIÄ¡m¯ `mh¯n ImÀUv DSa AIt¯¡p \S¶p. t^mt«msbSp¸n\p t]mIp¶Xn\v Cu kuµcyhXvIcWw thtWmsb¶p ]eh«w AhtfmSp tNmZn¨XmWv. ]t£, AhfpsS skmsskänbnse Nne s]®p§Ä t^jy sNbvXn«mWp t]mIp¶Xpt]mepw. CeIvj³ sFUn ImÀUn\pw B[mÀ ImÀUn\psams¡ C§s\ Nne Hcp¡§Ä \S¯nbn«p t]mb A\p`hw HmÀ¯t¸mÄ ho«pImcsâ NpWvSn AdnbmsXmcp Nncn hnSÀ¶p. Xncn¨dnb ImÀUnse t^mt«m IWvSn«v A¶p s]äXÅt]mepw Xncn¨dnªnÃ, B[mÀ ImÀUnse t^mt«m IWvSt¸mÄ I®p\ndªpt]mbn. ]ns¶ aäpÅhcpsS ImÀUpIqSn IWvSt¸mgmWv Hcp kam[m\ambXv.

t^mt«msbSp¸v \S¡p¶ kvIqÄ hf¸nte¡p IbdnbXpw BsIsbmcp A¦em¸v. t]meokv hWvSnIÄ ]eXv, Bw_pe³kv, ^bÀt^mgvkv, Pe]oc¦n, {ZpXIÀatk\, Zpc´\nhmcW tk\, ]{X¡mÀ F¶n§s\ bp²k¶mlw. AXn\nSbv¡v Hcp kv{Xosb Bscms¡tbm IqSn Xm§nsbSp¯p sImWvSphcp¶p, t\m¡nbt¸mÄ _yq«oj³ caWntN¨n. AWnsªmcp§nt¸mb tN¨n Ahnb ]cph¯n HSnªpaS§nbncn¡p¶p. F´p ]än tN¨o ? þho«½bpsS Bi¦tbmsSbpÅ tNmZyw. Btcm h¨p\o«nb Ip¸nshÅw BÀ¯ntbmsS AI¯m¡p¶Xn\nSbn caWntN¨n C{Xbpw ]dªp: FSo Hcp§nh¶n«v Hcp ImcyhpanÃ, \o KpkvXn ]Tn¨n«ptWvSm... Csæn Cu ta¡¸pambn Imadbv¡p ap¶nÂhsc F¯Wsa¦n slÂaäpw _pÅäv {]q^pw thWvSn hcpw!


am[ya§Ä e£vaWtcJ IS¡cpXv

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BÀ¨v_nj]v amÀ tPmk^v ]ƯnÂ

Ignª \qämWvSpIWvS Cw¥WvSnse {]ikvXcmb Fgp¯pImcmbncp¶p Pn.sI. sNÌÀ«Wpw tPmÀPv _ÀWmUv jmbpw. sNÌÀ«¬ hyànkzmX{´y¯ntâbpw kzImcy kz¯ntâbpw hàmhmbncp¶p. apXemfn¯hpw IayqWnkhpaÃmsX Unkv{Sn_yq«ohv knÌw (distributive system)Fs¶mcp ]²XnbmWv At±lw apt¶m«ph¨ncp¶Xv. _ÀWmUv jm BIs« Hcp AtÚbhmZnbpw tkmjyenÌv Nn´mKXn¡mc\pambncp¶p.

Hcn¡Â ChÀ X½n Hcp ]cky kwhmZ¯n\p Ifsamcp§n. {]kn² {KÙImc\mbncp¶ lnebÀ s_áv Bbncp¶p tamUtdäÀ. _ÀWmUv jm kzImcy kz¯ns\Xncmbn Xsâ \ne]mSv km[qIcn¡m³ Xsâ henb IpSsbSp¯p sNÌÀ«sâ Xebv¡pt\tc Hm§ns¡mWvSv At±lt¯mSp tNmZn¨p, "CsXsâ kzImcy kz¯mWv, F\n¡v CsXsâ CjvSa\pkcn¨v D]tbmKn¡matÃm, F¦n Rm\nXpsImWvSp Xm¦fpsS Xe¡Sn¡m³ {ian¨m AXns\ FXnÀ¡ptam' F¶v. sNÌÀ«¬ H«pw ]XdmsX Xs¶ adp]Snbmbn ]dªp: "AXns\ Rm³ iàambn FXnÀ¡pw, ImcWw IpS Xm¦fptSXmsW¦nepw Xe FtâXmWtÃm.' kzImcy kz¯v D]tbmKn¡p¶Xn ]cn[nIfpWvSv F¶ kXyamWp sNÌÀ«¬ NqWvSn¡m«nbXv.

am[ya§Ä iàamb D]IcW§Ä

hmfns\¡mÄ iàamWp t]\ F¶p ]dbpambncp¶tÃm. BZyIme¯p ]pkvXI§fpw ]{X§fpambncp¶p Gähpw {]NmcapÅ am[ya§Ä. AhbpsS iàn a\knem¡nbmWv Cw¥ojpImÀ, cmPmhv, {]`p¡·mÀ, ]mÀesaâv F¶ A[nImc tI{µ§Ä¡¸pd¯pÅ, iàntI{µambn Ahsb IWvSpsImWvSv Ahbv¡p t^mÀ¯v FtÌäv F¶p t]cpsI«nh¨Xv. ]{X¡mcpw BhnjvImc kzmX{´y¯nsâ t]cn F´pw ]dbmsa¶p `mhn¨t¸mgmWp ]{Xtam^okns\ `ocp¡fpsS tIm« (Cowards castle) F¶p sNÌÀ«¬ hnfn¨Xv.

]Xns\«mw \qämWvSn Atacn¡³ B`y´c bp²w DWvSmbt¸mgpw AXnsâ ]n¶n Fgp¯pImcpsS iànbpWvSmbncp¶psh¶p ]dbWw. AXn "A¦nÄ tSmwkv Im_n³' F¶ ]pkvXIw henb t{]cWmiànbmbncps¶¶p [mcmfwt]À IcpXnbncp¶p. AXnsâ {KÙImcntbmSp G{_lmw en¦¬ Xs¶ "Xm¦fmtWm Cu bp²¯n\p ImcW¡mcn' F¶p tNmZn¨Xmbn tI«n«pWvSv.

Atacn¡³ {]knUâv sXcsªSp¸n dn¨mÀUv \nIvks\ Hcn¡Â tXm¸n¨Xp am[ya§fmW¶p ]d¨nepWvSv. sSenhnj³ {]NmcW¯nembn hcp¶ Imew. \nIvk¬ sXcsªSp¸n\p ap¼pÅ Hcp hmZ{]XnhmZ¯n hnbÀ¡p¶Xv, apJs¯ hnbÀ¸p IW§Ä hepXm¡n ImWn¨p hymJym\n¨p `cWcwKs¯ {]iv\§Ä ssIImcyw sN¿m³ At±lw {]m]vX\mbncn¡pIbnsöp am[ya§Ä hym]Iambn {]Ncn¸n¨t{X. Ct¸mÄ \tc{µ tamZn A[nImc¯nse¯nbXp tkmjy aoUnbsb hnZKv[ambn D]tbmKn¨msW¶p ]dbmdpWvStÃm. sXcsªSp¸v Ime¯p am[ya§Ä kÀth \S¯n ^e§Ä ap³Iq«n {]hNn¨p kzm[o\n¡m³ {ian¡p¶Xv C¶p ]Xnhmbn«pWvSv.

am[ya§Ä¡pw thWw kXykÔXbpw HuNnXyt_m[hpw

kaql¯nsâ kpØnXn B{Kln¡p¶hÀ kz´w iàn kXykÔambpw HuNnXyt_m[t¯msSbpamWv D]tbmKnt¡WvSXv. BhnjvImc kzmX{´yhpw A`n{]mb kzmX{´yhpw tXm¶p¶Xpt]mse D]tbmKn¡m\pÅXÃ. aäpÅhcpsS AhImi§sf am\n¡m³ hyànIÄ¡p am{Xaà {]Øm\§Ä¡pw am[ya§Ä¡pw km[n¡Ww. aäpÅhcpsS AhImi§sf am\n¡pIsb¶Xp \½psS ISabmWv.

am[ya{]hÀ¯IÀ¡v BÀ¯n IqSpt¼mÄ, ]Ww hm§n hmÀ¯IÄ krjvSn¡p¶Xpw hmÀ¯IÄ hfs¨mSn¡p¶Xpw hmÀ¯IÄ ZpÀhymJym\w sNbvXp sImSp¡p¶XpsaÃmw C¶p ]Xnhmbn«pWvSv. AÇoehpw aäpw hmcnhnXdn ]n©pa\kpIsft¸mepw Zpjn¸n¡p¶Xpw km[mcWambncn¡p¶p. BUw_c{`ahpw [qÀ¯psaÃmw P\§fpsSbnSbn hÀ[n¸n¡m\mWp Nne am[ya§fpsS \nc´c{iaw. A`n{]mb`n¶XbpÅhtcmSp amdnamdn tNmZn¨p NÀ¨IÄ sImgp¸n¡pIbpw A§s\ hn`mKobX hÀ[n¸n¡pIbpw sN¿pI GXmWvSp km[mcW X{´ambn amdnbn«pWvSv.

hn{Kl`RvP\w ]eÀ¡psamcp lcamWv. aäpÅhÀ ]qPyambn ImWp¶Xns\ Ahtlfn¡pIbmWv AhcpsS CjvShnt\mZw. aXhnizmknIsfbpw AhcpsS BNmcy·mscbpw Ahtlfn¡pI C¯cw am[ya§Ä¡p \nÀ_ÔamWv. hÀKobhmZnIfpw hÀKkachmZnIfpw C¡mcy¯n hnZKv[cmW¶pw ]dbmw. BhnjvImc kzmX{´y¯nsâ t]cn C§s\ kaql§sf thZ\n¸n¨m B kaql§fnÂs¸«hÀ, AhchcpsS coXnbn {]XnIcns¨¶p hcmw. AXpw am[ya¡mÀ a\knemt¡WvSXpWvSv. A{Ia¯nsâ `mjtb am[ya§Ä¡p a\knemhpIbpÅp F¶ ØnXnhntijw XoÀ¯pw A]ISIcamWv.

ASp¯Ime¯p ]mcokn Hcp {]kn²oIcW¯ns\Xntc DWvSmb `oIcm{IaWw XoÀ¨bmbpw HcpXc¯nepw \oXoIcn¡m\mhnÃ. GXp e£y¯n\pthWvSnbmsW¦nepw `oIcX A]e]\obamWv. F¦nepw BhnjvImc kzmX{´y¯nsâ t]cn F´pamImsa¶pÅ lp¦v CÃmXmIpIbpw thWw. ]mcoknse Cu {]kn²oIcW¯neqsS Nne \ncoizchmZnIÄ hnizmkt¯bpw hnizmknItfbpsaÃmw FXnÀ¡pI ]Xnhmbncp¶p. It¯men¡mk`sb B{Ian¡pI AhÀs¡mcp hnt\mZambncps¶¶mWp a\knemIp¶Xv. A§s\bpÅ {Iqchnt\mZ§Ä Hcp¡p¶hÀ kaql¯n\p henb t{ZmlamWp sN¿p¶sX¶p a\knemt¡WvS Imew AXn{Ian¨ncn¡p¶p. `oIcXsb am{Xw FXnÀ¯m t]mcm, hnjen]vXamb am[ya {]hÀ¯\§fpw FXnÀ¡s¸SWw.

Ipähpw in£bpw

am[ya§fpsS ]pXnb ta¨nÂØeamWp Ipämtcm]W§fpw ]cmXnIfpw. XoÀ¨bmbpw P\m[n]Xy¯n P\§Ä¡v Bhiyamb FÃm hnhc§fpw e`yamtIWvSXpWvSv. hnhcmhImi \nbaw Xs¶ C¶p \nehnepWvStÃm. ]t£, AhnsSbpw s]mXpkaqls¯ \bn¡p¶hsc¶ \nebn am[ya{]hÀ¯IÀ kXykÔXbpw P\m[n]Xyt_m[hpw {]ISamt¡WvSXpWvSv. am[ya¡mÀ Btcm]W¡mcpw hn[nbmf·mcpambn amdp¶Xp icnbÃ. _mÀ tImgt¡kn CXmtWm kw`hn¡p¶sX¶p ]ecpw tNmZn¡p¶pWvStÃm. icnbmb sXfnhpIfnÃmsX Hcp a\pjys\ XpSÀ¨bmbn th«bmSp¶Xn Ft´m A]mIXbpsWvS¶mWv AhÀ ]dbp¶Xv.

P\m[n]Xy¯n Btcm]W§fpsS \nPØnXn At\zjn¡m\pw hnebncp¯m\pw hn[n ]dbm\psaÃmw kwhn[m\§fpWvSv. B Xe¯nepÅhÀ¡v Nne ASnØm\ X¯z§fpapWvSv. BImiw CSnªp hoWmepw \oXn \S¯ns¡mSp¡Ww.’"Bbncw IpähmfnIÄ c£s¸«mepw Hcp \nc]cm[nt]mepw in£n¡s¸ScpXv'’F¶pÅ Nne t_m[y§Ä AhÀ¡pWvSv. "Ipäw IrXyambn sXfnbn¡p¶Xphsc Bscbpw IpähmfnIfmbn IcpXcpXv' F¶Xpw AhnsS {it²bamb Hcp am\ZÞamWv.

]t£, am[ya§Ä¡v C§s\bpÅ am\ZÞ§sfm¶pw Csöp ]dbmw. X§Ä¡njvSanÃm¯ BfpIsf IpähmfnIfmbn IcpXn hn[nXoÀs¸gpXmt\m Asæn \ymbm[n]·msc Xs¶ kzm[o\n¡mt\m BWp am[ya{]hÀ¯Icmb ]ecpsSbpw {iaw. ASp¯Ime¯mbn \oXn\ymb cwK¯mWp Nne am[ya§Ä Gsd hnlcn¡p¶Xv. A§s\sbÃmw P\{i² t\Sm\mbm hcpam\w hÀ[n¸n¡m\pw km[nt¨¡mw. ]t£ AsXÃmw ]et¸mgpw A\oXnbpsSbpw AgnaXnbpsSbpw hym]vXn hÀ[n¸n¡m³ am{XamWv CSbm¡pI F¶p am[ya§Ä ssIbmfp¶hÀ Xncn¨dnbWw.

IpähnNmcWbpw in£bpw am[ya§Ä GsäSp¡p¶Xp icnbmhnÃ. AXp P\m[n]Xyhncp²amWv. BhnjvImckzmX{´y¯n\p ]cn[nIÄ IsWvS¯m³ am[ya§Ä Xs¶ {i²n¡Ww. Asæn `cWIÀ¯m¡Ä AXncpIÄ \nÀWbn¡Ww. GXmbmepw BhnjvImc kzmX{´y¯n\p ]cn[nbnsæn {]XnIcW kzmX{´yhpw AXncphn«pt]mIpw. AXmWp ]mcoknÂ\n¶p am[ya§Ä ]Tnt¡WvS ]mTw.






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