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P\m[n]Xy¯nsâ Zb\obcwK§Ä

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temIhnNmcw / skÀPn BâWn

hfsc Zb\obamsbmcp Zriyw CubnsS ameZzo]n \mw IWvSp. B cmPy¯nsâ ap³ {]knUâns\ kpc£m DtZymKØÀ hen¨ng¨psImWvSpt]mIp¶p. `oIchncp² \nba¯nsâ t]cn AdÌnemb ap³ {]knUâv apl½Zv \joZns\ t]meokv AI¼SntbmsS tImSXnbnte¡p t]mIpt¼mgmbncp¶p kw`hw.

am[ya{]hÀ¯Isc IWvSt¸mÄ \joZv H¶p\n¶p. AhtcmSp kwkmcn¡psa¶p IcpXnbmhmw kpc£m DtZymKØÀ \joZns\ s]s«¶p tImSXn apdnbnte¡p sImWvSpt]mIm³ {ian¡p¶Xn\nsS XmsghoW \joZns\, hen¨ng¨mWpsImWvSpt]mbXv. CXn\nsS \joZnsâ jÀ«v IodpIbpw sNbvXp.

ameZzo]n P\m[n]XycoXnbn \S¶ sXcsªSp¸n hnPbn¨n«pw Imemh[n XnI¨p `cn¡m³ km[n¡msXt]mb t\XmhmWp apl½Zv \joZv. Ct¸mÄ {]Xn]£ t\XmhmWv At±lw. ameZzo]nse cmjv{Sob{]XnkÔnbn CSs]SWsa¶v At±lw GXm\pw Znhkw ap¼pw C´ytbmSv Bhiys¸«ncp¶p. cWvSphÀjw ap¼v A[nImc¯nencp¶t¸mÄ Hcp ko\nbÀ PUvPnsb AdÌv sN¿m\pÅ D¯chp ]pds¸Sphn¨Xnsâ t]cnemWnt¸mÄ \joZv \S]Sn t\cnSp¶Xv. hnNmcW Ignbpwhsc \joZns\ IÌUnbn hbv¡m\mWv Xocpam\w.

amÀ¨v ]IpXntbmsS ameZzo]v kµÀin¡m\pÅ Hcp¡¯nemWp {][m\a{´n \tc{µ tamZn. C¡mcys¯¡pdn¨v HutZymKnI {]Jym]\apWvSmbn«nsænepw \joZnsâ AdÌpw AtX¯pSÀ¶v DWvSmIm\nSbpÅ {]iv\§fpw kµÀi\s¯ _m[n¡ptam F¶pw kwibn¡p¶p. {ioe¦bpw ameZzo]pambn \à _Ôw Øm]n¡m³ C´y {ian¨phcnIbmWv. CcpcmPy§fpsSbpw ap³ `cWm[nImcnIÄ ssN\bpambn IqSpX ASp¡m³ {ian¨ncp¶p. sNdnb cmPy§fmsW¦nepw X§fpsS X{´]camb {]m[m\yw icn¡pw Adnbmhp¶ Cu cmjv{St\Xm¡Ä hnet]i iàn {]ISn¸n¡pIbpw sNbvXp. \joZv C´ytbmSp {]tXyI B`napJyw {]ISn¸n¨ncp¶ t\XmhmWv.

C´ysb kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfw {ioe¦sbt]mseXs¶ {]m[m\yapWvSp ameZzo]n\pw. s]mXpth asämcp cmPy¯nsâ B`y´c {]iv\§fn CSs]SnsöXmWv C´ybpsS hntZi\b¯nsâ ImXÂ. bp]nF kÀ¡mÀ C¯csamcp kao]\amWp ameZzo]n CXn\pap¼pWvSmb kwLÀjthfIfn kzoIcn¨pt]m¶Xv. AtXkabw, tamZn kÀ¡mÀ A¯csamcp \ne]mSp XpScptam F¶p kwibn¡p¶hcpWvSv. kPohamsbmcp CSs]Sen\v C´y Xp\nªm AXnsâ {]XymLmX§fpw KuchapÅXmhpw. AXpsImWvSpXs¶ hfsc X{´]camsbmcp \ne]mSp kzoIcn¡pIbmhpw \ÃsX¶p \nco£IÀ IcpXp¶p.

\joZns\ AdÌv sNbvXXnepw At±lt¯mSp tamiambn s]cpamdnbXnepapÅ DXvIWvT C´y ameZzo]ns\ Adnbn¨n«pWvSv. `cWLS\m N«§Ä¡pÅnÂ\n¶psImWvSp {]iv\w ]cnlcn¡m³ FÃmhcpw {ian¡Wsa¶pw C´y Bhiys¸«p. P\m[n]Xyt¯mSpÅ {]Xn_²Xbpw PpUojdnbpsS \njv]£Xbpw \nbahmgvNbpw \ne\nÀ¯m³ {i² ]peÀ¯Wsa¶v Atacn¡bpw ameZzo]v `cWIqSt¯mSv Bhiys¸«n«pWvSv. sFIycmjv{Sk`bpw ameZzo]nse kw`hhnImk§Ä kkq£vaw ho£n¡p¶pWvSv.

{]XnkÔn L«§fnseÃmw \joZv C´ybpsS klmbw tXSnbncp¶p. ]t£, a³taml³knwKv kÀ¡mÀ kzoIcn¨ \ne]mSv \joZn\p klmbIambnÃ. ameZzo]v ssN\bpambn ASp¡p¶Xnt\mSp \joZn\p XmXv]cyapWvSmbncp¶nÃ. 2013se {]knUâv sXcsªSp¸p thfbn A¶s¯ ameZzo]v `cWIqSw \yqUÂln¡p \ÂInbncp¶ Dd¸pIÄ ]men¡s¸«n«nsöpw NqWvSn¡mWn¡s¸Sp¶p. apl½Zv \joZns\ ameZzo]v cmjv{Sob¯nÂ\n¶v AIän\nÀ¯m\pÅ {ia§Ä DWvSmhnsöXmbncp¶p Ahbn {][m\w. sXcsªSp¸n aÕcn¡p¶XnÂ\n¶p hne¡n \joZns\ AIän\nÀ¯m\pÅ {iaw t\ct¯ XpS§nbncp¶p. Ct¸mÄ `oIchncp² \nba¯nsâ t]cn \joZns\ IpSp¡nbXn\p ]n¶n Cu e£yamWpÅsX¶pw IcpXs¸Sp¶p.

P\m[n]XycoXnbn sXcsªSp¡s¸« ameZzo]nsâ BZy {]knUâmbncp¶p apl½Zv \joZv. auaq¬ AÐpÄ Kbqansâ aq¶p ]XnämWvSp\oWvS tkzÑm[n]Xy `cWw Ahkm\n¸n¨mWp \joZv 2008 A[nImc¯ntednbXv. F¶n«pw Kbqansâ kzm[o\w ameZzo]v cmjv{Sob¯n AkvXan¨ncp¶nÃ. 2013 \S¶ sXcsªSp¸n AÐpÄ Kbqansâ AÀ[ktlmZc³ bmaqt\mSp ]cmPbs¸« \joZn\p {]Xn]£¯ncnt¡WvSnh¶p. Cu sXcsªSp¸n Hcp]mSp IÅ¡fn \S¶psh¶mWp \joZnsâ Btcm]Ww.

\joZnsâ Ct¸mgs¯ AdÌn\p ]n¶n aäp Nne cmjv{SobImcW§fpw NqWvSn¡mWn¡s¸Sp¶pWvSv. {]knUâv bmaq\nsâ `cWkJy¯nÂ\n¶v Hcp {]apJ I£n Iqdpamdn \joZnsâ ameZzo]v P\m[n]XyI£ntbmSp tNÀ¶ncp¶p. CXpbÀ¯p¶ `ojWn ap¶n¡WvSpsImWvSmWp `cWIqSw \joZns\ Agn¡pÅnem¡p¶sX¶pw IcpXs¸Sp¶p.

PUvPnsb AdÌv sN¿m³ D¯chn«XneqsS \joZv cmPys¯ PpUnjdn¡v A\`naX\mbncp¶p. AXnsâ {]XymLmX§fpw At±l¯n\p t\cntSWvSnh¶p. 2012 \S¶ P\Iob {]t£m`¯n\p ImcWambXpw Cu AdÌmbncp¶p. AXn\p ]n¶n {]hÀ¯n¨Xp Kbqapw CXc FXncmfnIfpambncp¶p. IÌUnbnencp¶ Hcp cmjv{Sob t\Xmhns\ tamNn¸n¡m³ D¯chn«Xns\¯pSÀ¶mWp \joZv PUvPnsb AdÌpsN¿m³ D¯chn«Xv.

]¨ucn IpSp¡nÂ

ImemhØm hyXnbm\hpw A\p_Ô Imcy§fpambn _Ôs¸« ]T\§Ä¡mbn cq]hXvIcn¡s¸« sFIycmjv{Sk`m kanXnbpsS A[y£]ZhnbnÂ\n¶pÅ cmtP{µ ]¨ucnbpsS cmPn cmPy¯n\p \mWt¡Smbn. ssewKnIm]hmZ¯nsâ t]cnemWv cmPn. ImemhØm hyXnbm\hpambn _Ôs¸« hfsc kp{][m\amb kanXnbpsS A[y£\mbn ZoÀL\mfmbn tkh\a\pãn¨phcnIbmbncp¶p At±lw.

Cu ]Zhnbn ]¨ucn¡pw ap¼pWvSmbncp¶bmÄ ISp¯ ]cnØnXnhmZnbmbncp¶Xn\m Atacn¡bv¡v A\`naX\mbn. A§s\bmWp ]¨ucn Atacn¡³ ]n´pWtbmsS A[y£Øm\s¯¯p¶Xv. F¶mÂ, ]n¶oSp ImemhØm hyXnbm\hpambn _Ôs¸« Imcy§fn hfsc iàamb \ne]mSv At±lw kzoIcn¨tXmsS Atacn¡bv¡v A\`naX\mhpIbpw sNbvXp.

UÂlnbn Zn F\ÀPn B³Uv dntkmgvkv C³Ìnäyq«v (SnCBÀsF) Fs¶mcp Øm]\¯nsâ UbdÎÀ P\d Øm\¯mbncp¶p ]¨ucn. AhnsS\n¶v At±lw Ah[nsbSpt¡WvSnh¶p. Cu Øm]\¯n tPmen sN¿p¶ kv{XobmWp ]¨ucns¡Xntc Btcm]Ww D¶bn¨ncn¡p¶Xv. \njv]£amb At\zjWw \S¯m\mWp Xm³ Øm]\¯nÂ\n¶v Ah[nsbSp¯ncn¡p¶sX¶mWp ]¨ucnbpsS hniZoIcWw. ssewKnI¨phbpÅ FkvFwFkpIfpw Cþ sabnepIfpamWp sXfnhpIfmbn ]cmXn¡mcn kaÀ¸n¨ncn¡p¶Xv. CXn\nsS ]¨ucn ap³IqÀ Pmayw t\Snbn«pWvSv. ]¨ucns¡Xntc aäp Nne ]gb h\nXm kl{]hÀ¯Icpw Btcm]Whpambn cwKs¯¯nbn«pWvSv.

sF]nknknbnÂ\n¶p IgnªhÀjwXs¶ Xm³ cmPnhbv¡m³ B{Kln¨ncp¶psh¶mWv ]¨ucn ]dbp¶Xv. Cu HtÎm_dnemWv sF]nknkn A[y£Øm\¯p ]¨ucnbpsS cWvSmaqgw ]qÀ¯nbmtIWvSXv. sF]nknkn¡p Iptd¡qSn bphXzapÅ kaÀYamb t\XrXzw BhiyambXpsImWvSmWv Xm³ ]n·mdm³ Xocpam\n¨sX¶pw ]¨ucn cmPn¡¯n ]dbp¶p. s\bvtdm_nbn CubmgvN ImemhØm kanXnbpsS \nÀWmbI tbmKw \S¡m\ncnt¡bmWv ]¨ucnbpsS ]n·mäw. kanXnbpsS sshkv sNbÀam³ Ckvabn B Knkuen¡mbncn¡pw XmXvImenI NpaXe.

`qanbpsS kwc£W¯n\pw FÃm PohPme§fpsSbpw ssPhhyhØbpsSbpw \ne\n¸n\pwthWvSn inãImehpw sNehgn¡psa¶pw ]¨ucn ]dbp¶p. Atacn¡³ {]knUâv AÂtKmdns\m¸w s\mt_ ]pckvImcw ]¦n« ]¨ucn Ct¸mÄ DÄs¸«ncn¡p¶ hnhmZw At±l¯n\p I\¯ Xncn¨Snbmbn«pWvSv. ImemhØm hyXnbm\hpambn _Ôs¸«p {][m\a{´n A[y£\mbpÅ kanXnbnepw ]¨ucn AwKambncp¶p. Cu kanXnbnse AwKXzhpw cmPnhbvt¡WvSnh¶p.

CSm¯n GSmIqS¯nÂ

PÀa³ ]mÀesaânse AwKsa¶ \nebn {it²b\mb Hcp C´y³ hwiP\pw ]¨ucnbptSXpt]mepÅ asämcp tIkn Ipäw k½Xn¨p. A¿mbncw bqtdm ]ngbS¨p tIkv Ahkm\n¸n¨p. ]mÀesaâv Hm^oknse em]vtSm¸n Ip«nIfpsS AÇoe Nn{X§fpw hoUntbmIfpw Uu¬temUv sNbvXpsh¶Xmbncp¶p CSm¯nbpsS t]cnepÅ Ipäw. ]ngbmbn In«p¶ XpI Ip«nIfpsS kwc£W¯n\mbpÅ kwLS\bv¡p \ÂIm³ temhÀ kmIvkWnse PnÃm tImSXn D¯chn«p.

Ip«nIfpsS AÇoeNn{X§Ä ssIhiwh¨psh¶ tIknemWv aebmf\m«n thcpIfpÅ PÀa³ ]mÀesaâwKw sk_mÌy³ CSm¯n hnNmcW t\cnSp¶Xv. ]mÀesaânsâ At[mk`bn AwKambncp¶ sk_mÌy³ 2013 \hw_dn Ggp XhW Xsâ HutZymKnI em]vtSm]v C¯cw Bhiy§Ä¡v D]tbmKns¨¶p IsWvS¯nbncp¶p.

tkmjy sUtam{ImänIv ]mÀ«nbpsS hàmhmbn {]hÀ¯n¨n«pÅ sk_mÌy³ CSm¯n¡v saÀ¡Â a{´nk`bn AwKamIm\pÅ kmlNcyw Hcn¡Â Hcp§nbncp¶p. CSm¯ns¡XntcbpÅ Btcm]W¯nsâ t]cn saÀ¡Â a{´nk`bn AwKambncp¶ lm³kv ]oäÀ s{^Udn¡n\p cmPnhbvt¡WvSnh¶ncp¶p. sk_mÌy³ CSm¯nbpsS A½ PÀa³Imcnbpw ]nXmhv aebmfnbpamWv.

ImatdmWpambn Gäpap«n kzcmPv t]mÄ

{_n«\nse ]mÀesaâwKhpw h³ hyhkmbnbpamb C´y³ hwiP³ kzcmPv t]mfpw hensbmcp Btcm]W¡pcp¡nemWv. kzcmPv t]mfns\Xntc {_n«ojv {][m\a{´n tUhnUv Imatdm¬ Xs¶bmWp cwK¯pÅXv. kznkv _m¦nse clky A¡uWvSpIfpsS t]cnemWv Btcm]Wapbcp¶Xv. \nIpXn sh«n¸neqsS k¼mZn¨ IW¡ä ]Ww kznkv _m¦n \nt£]n¨ h¼³amcpsS ]«nI ]pd¯ph¶ncp¶p.

hyàamb sXfnhpIfpsS ASnØm\¯n \S]SnsbSp¡p¶Xn hntcm[ansöpw F¶mÂ, Ct¸mÄ \S¡p¶Xp cmjv{Sob ]It]m¡emsW¶pamWp kzcmPv t]mfnsâ ]cmXn. {]`p]Zhn e`n¨n«pÅ kzcmPv t]mÄ temI¯nse AXnk¼¶cn ap³]´nbnepÅ hyhkmbnbmWv. kznkv _m¦n A\[nIrX \nt£]apÅhcpsS ]«nI bpsI dh\yp, IÌwkv hIp¸v kznkv _m¦nÂ\n¶p tiJcn¨ncp¶p. ]mÀesaân CXp kw_Ôn¨ tNmZyw D¶bn¨ te_À ]mÀ«n t\Xmhv FUv anen_m³UmWp {]iv\w Ip¯ns¸m¡nbXv.

IŸW¡mcpsS kw`mh\bmWp `cWI£nbpsS \ne\nev]n\m[mcw F¶ anen _m³Unsâ hnaÀi\¯n\p adp]Sn \ÂIpt¼mgmWv Cu k`bnse Nne apXnÀ¶ AwK§fpw Cu ]«nIbnÂhcpsa¶p kzcmPv t]mÄ {]`phnsâ t]scSp¯p ]dªpsImWvSv {][m\a{´n Imatdm¬ Xncn¨Sn¨Xv. te_À ]mÀ«n¡mc\mbncp¶ ap³ {][m\a{´n tKmÀU³ {_uWnsâ sXcsªSp¸p {]NmcW¯n\p kzcmPv t]mÄ kw`mh\ \ÂInb Imcyhpw Imatdm¬ NqWvSn¡m«n.

D¯chmZs¸« Øm\§fnencn¡p¶hÀ bmsXmcp X¯zZo£bpanÃmsX Btcm]Ww D¶bn¡p¶Xns\ kzcmPv t]mÄ \ninXambn hnaÀin¨p. {_n«ojv cmjv{Sob¯nse aqeyNypXnbmWv CXp hyàam¡p¶sX¶v At±lw ]dbp¶p. {_n«\n \nba]camb \nIpXnIsfÃmw \ÂIp¶ Hcp ]uc\p kznkv _m¦n \nt£]w \S¯p¶Xn\v F´p \nbaXSkamWpÅsX¶v kzcmPv t]mÄ tNmZn¡p¶p. Xm³ \nbahncp²ambn Fs´¦nepw sNbvXn«psWvS¦n \S]SnsbSp¡m³ At±lw shÃphnfn¨p.

te_À ]mÀ«n¡v 1993\pw 2009\panSbn Xm³ A©pe£w tUmfÀ kw`mh\ \ÂInbn«psWvS¶pw kzcmPv t]mÄ shfns¸Sp¯n. \nba]cambn FÃm \nIpXnIfpw \ÂIp¶ I]mtdm {Kq¸v I¼\nIfpsS t]cnemWp kw`mh\ \ÂInbXv. I¼\nbpsS _me³kv joän C¡mcyw hyàambn tcJs¸Sp¯nbn«psWvS¶pw At±lw Xpd¶Sn¨p.


aX]cnhÀ¯\tam aX]oU\tam ]mXIw?

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^m. _m_p am¹ticn

aZÀ sXtckbpsS tkh\{]hÀ¯\§Ä¡p Hä e£yta DWvSmbncp¶pÅq, AXp aX]cnhÀ¯\ambncp¶p F¶ BÀFkvFkv ta[mhn taml³ `mKhXnsâ {]kvXmh\ hnhmZambncn¡pIbmWtÃm. hnizhµybmb aZÀ sXtcksb¡pdn¨p aX]cnhÀ¯\w \S¯n F¶mtcm]n¡p¶Xp \nÀ`mKyIchpw A]e]\obhpw \nµyhpamsW¶v Hcp]£hpw lnµp¡sf {InkvXym\nIfm¡m\sæn ]ns¶´n\v C´ybnÂþ tIm¡¯bnÂXs¶þ h¶p, aäp cmPy§fnsem¶pw ]mh§fnÃmbncpt¶m F¶p tNmZn¨psImWvSp adp]£hpw hmZn¡pt¼mÄ Nne kwib§Ä C\nbpw ZqcoIcn¡s¸tSWvSXpWvSv.

aX]oU\¯neqsSbpw hÀKob Iel§fneqsSbpw kzmX{´ym\´c `mcX¯n ]Xn\mbnc§Ä¡p Pohlm\nbpw henb tXmXn \mi\ãhpw kw`hn¨n«pWvSv. C´ybpsS hnhn[ `mK§fn hÀKob Iel§fpw aX]oU\§fpw XpScpIbpw sN¿p¶p. tIm¡¯bn Bdp ]XnämWvSpImes¯ aZÀ sXtckbpsS tkh\Ime¯v BÀs¡¦nepw Fs´¦nepw t{Zmlw sNbvXXmbn sXfnhnÃ. AtXkabw ]Xn\mbnc§sf kvt\ln¡pIbpw ip{iqjn¡pIbpw sNbvXn«pWvSv. AXn At\IÀ¡p a\]cnhÀ¯\hpw NneÀ¡p aX]cnhÀ¯\hpw DWvSmbn«pWvSmImw. F¶mÂ, aX]oU\s¯¡mÄ henb {Inan\ Ipätam Xn·tbm BtWm aX]cnhÀ¯\w? \nÀ_ÔnX aX]cnhÀ¯\w \ntcm[n¡p¶ \nba§Ä cmPy¯p \nehnepWvSmbn«pw aX]cnhÀ¯\{ia§Ä aZÀsXtckbpsS `mK¯p\n¶v DWvSmsb¦n F´psImWvSp \S]SnsbSp¯nÃ?

kvt\l¯nsâ AhXmchpw ImcpWy¯nsâ BÄcq]hpambncp¶ tbiphnt\mSpÅ kvt\lamWp ]mh§sf kvt\ln¡m\pw ip{iqjn¡m\pw Xs¶ t{]cn¸n¨sX¶p aZÀ sXtckXs¶ {]Jym]n¨n«pÅXmWv. Xsâ {]mW\mY\mb tbiphns\ Xsâ kvt\lw In«p¶hÀ IqSpX AdnbWw, Ahcpw tbipamÀKw ]n´pScpIbpw sN¿Ww F¶p aZÀ sXtck e£ywh¨n«psWvS¦n AXp sXämIp¶sX§s\? AXtà bYmÀY {InkvXob {]Xn_²X? AXn\pÅ amÀKw ]t£, aX]cnhÀ¯\s¯¡mÄ a\]cnhÀ¯\amWv F¶p aZÀ sXtckbpsS PohnXt¯mSp tNÀ¶p\n¶hcpsS A\p`h§fnÂ\n¶p hyàamWv.

hnZqcØamb bptKmÉmhybnÂ\n¶p ]Xns\«mw hbkn k\ymkn\nbmIm³ C´ybnse¯nb BKv\kv F¶ aZÀ sXtck B sNdnb {]mb¯n¯s¶ C´ybnÂh¶p tkh\wsNbvXv ChnSs¯ lnµp¡sf apgph³ aX]cnhÀ¯\w \S¯ntb¡mw F¶p IcpXnbn«psWvS¦n B [ocXsb \ant¨ aXnbmIq.

C¯csamcp Zpcpt±iyapWvSmbncps¶¦n AhÀ ]ns¶ F´n\mWp 17 hÀjt¯mfw A[ym]nIbmbn setdmtäm tIm¬hânsâ Pohn¨Xv? Ip«nIsf aX]cnhÀ¯\w \S¯n¡m\mbncpt¶m?

temIalmbp²s¯¯pSÀ¶v 1943 _wKmfnepWvSmb £mahpw 1946 tIm¡¯bn \S¶ lnµp þ apkvenw Iem]hpw ZpcnX_m[nXcm¡nb klPohnItfmSpÅ B ImcpWymlrZb¯nsâ thZ\bmWv BhrXn¡p ]pd¯pÅ sXcphnse a\pjycpsS \nehnfnItfmSp ss{IkvXthmNnXambn {]XnIcn¡m³ aZÀ sXtcksb t{]cn¸n¨sX¶p aZdnsâ Ncn{XImc·mÀ ]dbp¶Xp sXämtWm? _nsP]n t\Xmhmb AÂt^m³kv I®´m\¯nsâ C´y amä¯nsâ apg¡w F¶ {KÙ¯nse aZÀ sXtcksb¡pdn¨pÅ teJ\¯n\v Xncp¯Â thWtamsb¶p `KhXpw ]cnhmÀkwL§fpw hmbn¨p \nÝbn¡patÃm.

lq¥n \Zn¡cbnse ImfnL«n {]kn²amb almImfnt£{X¯nsâ Hcp `mKambncp¶ cWvSp lmfpIfmWp ]n¡me¯p \nÀaÂlrZbv F¶ t]cn aZÀ sXtckbpsS PohImcpWy ip{iqjbpsS BØm\sa¶ \nebn {]kn²ambXv. Cu sI«nSw tIm¡¯ ap\nkn¸menän No^v saUn¡Â Hm^okdmbncp¶ tUm. apl½Znsâ \nÀtZi{]ImcamWp aZÀ sXtckbpsS tkh\§Ä¡p hn«pIn«nbXv. {InkvXpaX¯nte¡p lnµp¡sf ]cnhÀ¯\w sN¿m³thWvSn t£{Xm[nIrXcpw apkvenw saUn¡Â Hm^okdpw aZÀ sXtcksb klmbn¡pIbmbncpt¶m?

lnµp¡sf {InkvXpaX¯nte¡p aX]cnhÀ¯\w \S¯m\mbncps¶¦n kvIqfnepw tImfPnepsams¡ ]Tn¨ \à anSp¡cmb Ip«nIsf ]cnhÀ¯\w \S¯nsbSp¡pIbmbncp¶ntà {InkvXpaXt¯mSp kvt\lapÅ aZÀ sXtck sNt¿WvSnbncp¶Xv? AÃmsX ]gp¯fnªhscbpw ]pgphcn¨hscbpw acWmk¶scbpw amdmtcmKnIsfbpw AwKlo\scbpw Hs¡ aX]cnhÀ¯\w \S¯nsbSpt¯¡msa¶p aZÀ sXtck IcpXnsb¦n AsXmcp aXt{ZmlatÃ?

H¼Xp tImSnbntesd P\kwJybpÅ ]ivNna_wKmfnse BsI ss{IkvXhcpsS F®w A©p e£amWv (0.6 iXam\w). aZÀ sXtcksbt¸mse temImcm[ybmb Hcp ss{IkvXh anj\dnbpw aät\Iw anj\dnamcpw \qämWvSpIfmbn C{X XymK]qÀWamb tkh\w sNbvXn«pw ]Ýna_wKmfnse It¯men¡cpsS F®w C{X Ipdªncn¡p¶Xp aX]cnhÀ¯\ e£y¯nsâ kqNIamtWm? `mcX¯nse ss{IkvXhhXvIcWs¯¡pdn¨p ]pkvXIsagpXnb Acp¬ jqdn F´psImWvSmWp aZÀ sXtcksb ]cmaÀin¡mXncp¶Xv?

almßmhnsâ s\©n shSnbpWvS sImWvSp Xpfbn«hÀ aZÀ sXtckbpsS bikn acWtijw sXdn¸n¡p¶ sNfnbpw B XymKaqÀ¯n¡v Ae¦mcamWv. kqcytXPkns\ ssIsImWvSp ad¨m CcpÄhogp¶Xp adbv¡p¶hsâ apJ¯mbncn¡patÃm? Ncn{X¯nse Gähpw henb aX]cnhÀ¯\w C´ybnse {]IrXn Bcm[Icmbncp¶ {]mà\ tKm{XhÀK§sfbpw BZnhmkn hn`mK§sfbpw HäbSn¡p lnµpaX¯nsâ te_sem«n¨p kz´am¡nbXtÃ?

At\Iw Bßobt{kmXkpIfpsSbpw kmwkvImcnI [mcIfpsSbpw kmIeyhpw sshÚm\nI k¼¯nsâ ka\zbhpatà sslµhnIX F¶ k\m[\ [Àaw? Gsd ]cnhÀ¯\§Ä¡pw k¦e\§Ä¡pw hnt[bam¡nbn«pÅ sslµh kmwkvImcnI [mcbnÂ\n¶p lnµphns\bpw ss{IkvXhs\bpw ssP\t\bpw apkÂams\bpsams¡ thÀXncns¨Sp¡m³ GsX¦nepw hyànIÄt¡m {]Øm\§Ät¡m km[n¡ptam? ssih\pw sshjvWh\pw XpS§n GXp hnizmk[mcbnÂs¸«hÀ¡pw CSapÅ al¯mb k\m[\ [Àas¯, sslµh kmwkvImcs¯, tIhesamcp aX¯nsâ Imhn]pX¸n¨p Ipdn sXmSphn¡p¶Xp al¯mb `mcXkwkvImc¯nsâ bikn\p If¦atÃ?

`mcX¯n cWvSmbncw hÀjs¯ aXPohnXhpw t{]jnX{]hÀ¯\§fpw \S¯p¶ It¯men¡mk`bnse hnizmknIfpsS P\kwJy Ct¸mgpw Ht¶Im tImSn (C´y³ P\kwJybpsS 1.8 iXam\w) am{XamWv. F¶mÂ, k`bpsS tkh\taJe P\kwJybpsS 45 iXam\¯ntesd t]cnte¡p hym]n¨ncn¡p¶p. _nsP]nbpsS D¶Xt\Xm¡fn ]ecpw ss{IkvXhk`m Øm]\§fn ]Tn¨hcmWv. BcmWv Ahsc aX]cnhÀ¯\¯n\p t{]cn¸n¨n«pÅXv? e£¡W¡n\p ss{IkvXh anj\dnamcpsS ssIIfneqsS Znhkhpw ]nd¡p¶ Ipªp§Ä, ip{iqjn¡s¸Sp¶ tcmKnIÄ, kwc£n¡s¸Sp¶ A\mYP·§Ä, ]Tn¸n¡s¸Sp¶ Ip«nIÄ, klmbn¡s¸Sp¶ AKXnIÄ, A¶aq«s¸Sp¶hÀþ Cu et£m]e£§sf aX]cnhÀ¯\w \S¯m\mbncp¶p e£ysa¦n atäsX¦nepw aXw ChnsS DWvSmIpambncpt¶m?

Bt£]§Ä kln¨pXs¶bmWp aZÀ sXtck Xsâ kvt\lip{iqj \nÀhln¨Xv. Bt£]§fn XfcmsX B hgn XpScm³ k` {]XnÚm_²amWv. `mcX It¯men¡m k`bnÂ\n¶pÅ Gähpw {]kn²bpw Pohn¡p¶ hnip²bmbn hntijn¸n¡s¸«hfpw temImcm[ybpamb aZÀ sXtckbpsS tkh\¯n\ptaepÅ Cu Bt£]w bYmÀY¯n k`bpsS tkh\taJeIfn hcpw\mfpIfn hoim³ t]mIp¶ hÀKob sImSp¦mänsâ Ac§pWÀ¯Â am{XamsW¶p a\knemt¡WvSXpWvSv. tjIvkv]nbÀ IYm]m{X§fpsS ssienbn `mcX¯n \·sbms¡ Xn·bmbpw Xn·sbms¡ \·bmbpw hmgph¶cm hmgv¯s¸Sp¶ ImeamWp ap¶nÂ.


Atbm[ybn {]Xo£bpsS s]m³IncWw

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kwØm\ ]cyS\w / kn.sI. Ipcym¨³

Atbm[ym tIkn {]XymibpsS cPXtcJ ]ndhnsbSp¡p¶p. C´ybpsS lrZb¯nt\ä apdnhpW¡m³ tIknepÄs¸« Ccphn`mK¯nepapÅ {][m\nIÄ {iaw \S¯pIbmWv. cmPyw IWvS Gähpw henb \nbat]mcm«w 65 mw hÀj¯nse¯n\n¡pt¼mgmWv {]iv\]cnlmc¯n\pÅ BßmÀYamb Nne \o¡§Ä iàns¸Sp¶Xv.

tImSXn¡p ]pd¯v H¯pXoÀ¸pWvSm¡n XÀ¡w ]cnlcn¡pIbmWp e£yw. kzX{´ C´ysb ]nSn¨pIpep¡nb cmaP·`qanþ_m_dn akvPnZv {]iv\w Ct¸mÄ kp{]ow tImSXnbpsS ]cnKW\bnemWv.

I®pXpd¸n¨Xv Aelm_mZv sslt¡mSXn hn[n

]n¶oSp kp{]owtImSXn tÌ sNbvXpsh¦nepw Atbm[ybnse XÀ¡`qan aq¶mbn hn`Pn¡Wsa¶ Aelm_mZv sslt¡mSXn eIvt\m _©nsâ hn[nbmWv Ct¸mÄ iàns¸Sp¶ H¯pXoÀ¸p{ia§Ä¡m[mcw. 2010 sk]väw_À 30\mWv sslt¡mSXnbpsS hn[nbpWvSmbXv. PÌokpamcmb kp[oÀ AKÀhmÄ, kn_vK XpÃmJm³, [cwhoÀ iÀa F¶nhcmbncp¶p hn[n ]dª _©nse PUvPnamÀ.

Atbm[ybnse 2.7 G¡À XÀ¡`qan aq¶p Xpey`mKambn hoXn¨p\evIm\mbncp¶p sslt¡mSXn hn[n. bp]n kp¶n sk³{S hJ^v t_mÀUv, cma hn{Kl¯nsâ I£nIfmb cmw eà hn`mKw, tIkn I£nbmb sslµh k\ymkn hn`mKamb \nÀtamln AJU F¶o hn`mK§Ä¡p aq¶nsem¶p hoXw `qan hn`Pn¨p\evIWsa¶mbncp¶p hn[n.

\nehn cmahn{Klancn¡p¶ Øew lnµp hnizmk{]Imcw cmaP·`qanbmbXn\m lnµp¡Ä¡v AÀlXs¸«XmsW¶p PÌokpamcmb Fkv.bp. Jm\pw kp[oÀ AKÄhmfpw hn[n¨p. XIÀ¡s¸« _m_dn akvPnZv aµnc¯nsâ aq¶p aIpS§fn {][m\ aIpS¯n\p IognepÅ `mKw lnµp¡Ä¡pw {][m\ AI¯fw apkvenwIÄ¡pw \evIWw. tijn¨ `qan tIknse asämcp I£nbmb sslµh k\ymknIfS§nb \nÀtamln AJUbv¡mbn \evIm\pw tImSXn hn[n¨ncp¶p. lnµp¡Ä ]n¶oSv Bcm[\bv¡mbn \nÀan¨ cmw N_p{X, koXm dtkmbn F¶o t]cpIfnepÅ DbÀ¶ Xdbpw kao]{]tZihpamWv \nÀtamln AJUbv¡v AhImis¸«Xmbn tImSXn hn[n¨Xv. F¶m Unhnj³ _©nse aq¶ma\mbncp¶ PÌokv Un.hn. iÀabpsS hn[n\ymb¯n XÀ¡`qan cmasâ P·tZiamsW¶pw XÀ¡aµncw apKÄ N{IhÀ¯nbmbncp¶ _m_À ]n¶oSp \nÀan¨XmsW¶pamWp tcJs¸Sp¯nbXv.

F¶mÂ, Cu hn[n hnNn{XamsW¶v A`n{]mbs¸«psImWvSv 2011 tabv H³]Xn\p kp{]ow tImSXn tÌ sN¿pIbmbncp¶p. XÀ¡`qan hn`Pn¡m\pÅ sslt¡mSXn Xocpam\w Bcpw Bhiys¸Sm¯XmsW¶p NqWvSn¡m«nb kp{]owtImSXn 1993 se kp{]owtImSXnbpsS CS¡me D¯chneqsS \S¸m¡nb XXvØnXn XpScm\pw \nÀtZin¨ncp¶p.

sslt¡mSXn hn[n hnNn{XamsW¶p am{Xaà ]pIad krãn¡p¶XmsW¶pamWp kp{]owtImSXn PÌokpamcmb A^vXm_v Bew, BÀ.Fw. tem[ F¶nhcS§nb _©v \nco£n¨Xv. sslt¡mSXn hn[nsb tNmZywsNbvXp \nÀtamln AJU, AJne `mcX lnµpalmk`, PamAs¯ Dea lnµv, kp¶n sk³{S hJ^v t_mÀUv XpS§nb kwLS\IfmWp sslt¡mSXn hn[ns¡Xntc \mep lÀPnIÄ kp{]owtImSXnbn kaÀ¸n¨Xv. hnizmks¯ B[mcam¡nbÃ, sXfnhpIfpsS ASnØm\¯n A´naXocpam\saSp¡Wsa¶mWp lÀPnbn Bhiys¸«ncn¡p¶Xv.

H¯pXoÀ¸v cq]s¸Sp¶Xp tImSXn¡p ]pd¯v

tIkn apkvenw hn`mKs¯ {]Xn\n[oIcn¡p¶ {][m\nbmb lmjnw A³kmcnbpw Atbm[ybnse {]ikvXamb l\pam³ KUn t£{X¯nse apJy ]qPmcnbmb AJU ]cnjXv {]knUâv al´v Úm³ ZmkpamWv Ct¸mÄ H¯pXoÀ¸v {ia§Ä¡p Np¡m³ ]nSn¡p¶Xv. Fgp]Xv G¡À hcp¶ XÀ¡`qanbn t£{Xhpw tamkv¡pw \nÀan¨psImWvSv {]iv\w Fs¶t¶¡pambn ]cnlcn¡m\pÅ {iaamWv ChÀ \S¯p¶Xv. t£{Xhpw tamkv¡pw \qdSn DbcapÅ aXn sI«n thÀXncn¡Wsa¶pw ChÀ \nÀtZin¡p¶p.

lmjnw A³kmcnbpw aI³ CJv_m A³kmcnbpw tNÀ¶mWv H¯pXoÀ¸p{ia§Ä¡p Np¡m³ ]nSn¡p¶Xv. apkvenw kapZmb t\Xm¡fptSbpw s]mXpkaql¯ntâbpw AwKoImcw t\SnsbSp¡p¶Xn\mbn \nc´camb NÀ¨Ifpw kwhmZ§fpw \S¯m\mWv ChcpsS \o¡w.

CsXmcp h¬am³ tjm Asöpw 65 hÀjambn \ne\n¡p¶Xpw \nch[n \nc]cm[nIfpsS Poh³ \ãs¸« hÀKob Iem]§Ä¡p hgnh¨Xpamb {]iv\§fpsS kam[m\]camb ]cnlmc¯n\pÅ Ffnb {iasa¶mWp lmjnw A³kmcnbpsS \ne]mSv. 1959 apX tIkn I£nbmWv A³kmcn. D¯chmZnXzapÅ apkvenw t\Xm¡fpw kapZmb§fpw Cu \nÀtZiw NÀ¨ sN¿Ww. HmÄ C´y apkvenw t]gvk¬ tem t_mÀUv {]knUâv auem\ d_v lkm\n \Zvhn, HmÄ C´y aPvenkv C C¯nlmZp apkvenao³ t\Xmhpw sslZcm_mZn \n¶pÅ temIvk`mwKhpamb AkZp±o³ Dsshkn F¶nhcpÄs¸sS apkvenw kapZmb¯n \n¶pÅ cmjv{Sobþ aX t\Xm¡sf Xm³ Cu \nÀtZis¯¡pdn¨p t_m[ys¸Sp¯psa¶pw A³kmcn ]dbp¶p.

H¯pXoÀ¸v hyhØIÄ¡v A´nacq]w \evIn Ccphn`mK§fnsebpw aXt\Xm¡fpsS AwKoImcw t\Snbtijambncn¡pw kp{]owtImSXnbn kaÀ¸n¡pIsb¶pw A³kmcn hyàam¡p¶p. cmw eÃsb kzX{´am¡Wsa¶pw tIkpambn C\nbpw apt¶m«pt]mIm³ X\n¡p XmXv]cyansöpamWv A³kmcnbpsS \ne]mSv. {]iv\¯n cmjv{Sob]mÀ«nIÄ¡p bmsXmcp BßmÀYXbpansöpw A³kmcn Xpd¶Sn¡p¶p. Atbm[y{]iv\¯n cmjv{Sob t\«apWvSm¡p¶hÀ caylÀa§fn Ignbpt¼mÄ cma eà (iniphmb cma³) sSânemWp Ignbp¶sX¶pw A³kmcn NqWvSn¡m«p¶p.

lmjnw A³kmcnbpw aI³ CJv_m A³kmcnbpw l\pam³ KUn t£{X]cnkc¯ph¨mWp Úm³ Zmkpambn NÀ¨IÄ \S¯nbXv. H¯pXoÀ¸p hyhØIÄ kp{]owtImSXn¡p ap¼msI kaÀ¸n¡psa¶v A³kmcnbpw Úm³ Zmkpw hyàambn«pWvSv. tIkn hnNmcW XpS§pt¼mtg¡pw hyàhpw hniZhpamb hyhØIÄ cq]s¸Sp¯m\mWv ChcpsS \o¡w. CXpkw_Ôn¨v {][m\a{´n \tc{µ tamZnsbbpw IWvSp ]n´pW A`yÀYn¡psa¶p Úm³Zmkv IgnªZnhkw am[ya§tfmSp ]dªncp¶p.

sslµh k\ymknamcpambpw t\Xm¡fpambpw Bibhn\nabw \S¶pIgnªXmbmWp Zmkv ]dbp¶Xv. H¯pXoÀ¸p hyhØIÄ FÃmhcpw AwKoIcn¨pIgnªbpS³ {][m\a{´nsb ImWpIbpw {]iv\]cnlmc¯n\v At±l¯nsâ klmbw tXSpIbpw sN¿psa¶p Zmkv Iq«nt¨À¯p. kp{]owtImSXn ap¼msI kaÀ¸n¨Xn\ptijta H¯pXoÀ¸p hyhØIÄ s]mXpP\§Ä¡p ap¼msI AhXcn¸n¡pIbpÅq. Aelm_mZv sslt¡mSXn hn[nbpsS A´k¯bv¡p s]mXpkaql¯nsâbpw aXt\Xm¡fpsSbpw AwKoImcw e`n¨XmWv C¯csamcp H¯pXoÀ¸p hyhØ cq]s¸Sp¯m³ X§sf t{]cn¸n¨sX¶mWv Ccphcpw ]dbp¶Xv.

hne§pXSnbmIp¶Xv hniz lnµp ]cnj¯v

lmjnw A³kmcnbpw Úm³Zmkpw ap³ssI FSp¯p cq]s¸Sp¯p¶ H¯pXoÀ¸ns\ hnizlnµp ]cnjXv F§s\ kao]n¸n¡psa¶mWv Ghcpw Däpt\m¡p¶Xv. Atbm[ybn cmat£{Xw \nÀan¡Wsa¶v Bhiys¸«p cmw atlmÕhv \S¯m\pÅ XbmsdSp¸nemWp hnizlnµp ]cnjXv. ZpÀKm ]qP kab¯p cmPysam«msI cmw atlmÕhw \S¯m\mWp hnF¨v]nbpsS \o¡w. cmat£{X \nÀamW¯n\mbn sslµhÀ {]XnÚm_²cmsW¶mWv hnF¨v]n am[yahn`mKw ta[mhn icZv iÀa {]Jym]n¨ncn¡p¶Xv.

F¶mÂ, hnF¨v]nbpsS \o¡§sf Úm³Zmkv XÅn¡fbpIbmWv. X§fpsS kam[m\{ia§fn hnF¨v]n Hcp I£nbsömWp Úm³Zmknsâ {]XnIcWw. hnF¨v]n¡p cmat£{X \nÀamWaà e£yw. hÀKob hntZzjhpw aXkv]À[bpw hfÀ¯emWp e£ysa¶pw Úm³Zmkv Xpd¶Sn¡p¶pWvSv. cmat£{Xhpw _m_dn akvPnZpw \nÀan¡pIbmWp X§fpsS e£yw. \qdSn DbcapÅ aXnepsI«n Chsb thÀXncn¡p¶Xp `mhnbn DWvSmtb¡mhp¶ {]iv\§Ä Hgnhm¡m\mWv. Atbm[ybpsS AXnÀ¯nbmb ]© tImkn ]cnIÀabv¡pÅn tamkvIv \nÀan¡m³ A\phZn¡nsö hnF¨v]n \ne]mSnt\bpw Úm³Zmkv XÅn¡fbp¶p.

Atbm[ybn cmat£{X \nÀamWw 2016  Bcw`n¡Wsa¶p _nsP]n t\Xmhv kp{_ÒWy³ kzmanbpw ASp¯nsS Bhiys¸SpIbpWvSmbn. 2016  t£{X\nÀamWw XpS§nbn«nsæn Xm³ kp{]owtImSXnsb kao]n¡psa¶mWp kzman ]dbp¶Xv. hniz lnµp ]cnj¯nsâ kphÀW Pq_nen BtLmj§fn ]s¦Sp¯psImWvSmbncp¶p kp{_ÒWy³ kzmanbpsS ]cmaÀiw.


\nÀWmbIw tamZnbpsS Xocpam\w

Atbm[ym tIkn DÄs¸« I£nIfptStbm lnµpþapkvenw aXhn`mK§fptStbm ssI¸nSnbn HXp§p¶Xà Ct¸mÄ _m_dn akvPnZvþcmaP·`qan XÀ¡hnjbw. AXpsImWvSpXs¶ lmjnw A³kmcnbpw Úm³Zmkpw ap³ssIsbSp¯p cq]s¸Sp¶ H¯pXoÀ¸p hyhØIfpsS `mhnsb¡pdn¨p henb {]Xo£IÄ h¨p]peÀ¯Wsa¦n {][m\a{´n \tc{µ tamZnbpsS a\knencn¸v AdnbWw. BÀFkvFknsâ XmXv]cy§fpw {][m\amWv.

\tc{µ tamZn ]¨s¡mSn Im«nbm H¯pXoÀ¸p hyhØIÄ kp{]owtImSXnbnse¯psa¶mWp \nco£IÀ IW¡pIq«p¶Xv. BÀFkvFknsâbpw hniz lnµp ]cnj¯nsâbpw \ne]mSpIÄ C¡mcy¯n tamZn¡p IW¡nseSpt¡WvSnhcpw. F¶m kz´w CtaPv hÀ[n¸n¡m\pw AXphgn cmPy¯pw A´mcmjv{SXe¯nepw {i² t\Sm\pw e`n¡p¶ kp{][m\ Ahkcambn tamZn CXns\ IW¡m¡psa¶p IcpXp¶hcpapWvSv. tImÀ]tdäpIÄ¡pw hyhkmb taJebv¡pw Iem]IepjnXaÃm¯ A´co£w cq]s¸Sp¯p¶XnemWp XmXv]cyw. AXpw tamZnsb kzm[o\n¡m\nSbpWvSv.

BÀFkvFknsâ ]n´pW In«nbm hnF¨v]nsb HXp¡m³ tamZn¡v Gsd {]bmks¸tSWvSnhcnÃ. Aelm_mZv sslt¡mSXn hn[n h¶ Znhkw hn[nsb kzmKXw sN¿p¶ kao]\ambncp¶p BÀFkvFkn\v.

hnF¨v]nsb ]nW¡msX Xs¶ Ahsc ]n´pWbv¡m¯ \ne]mSpIfmWv ASp¯ Znhk§fnembn tamZn ssIs¡mÅp¶Xv F¶Xpw {it²bamWv. LÀ hm]knbnepw tZhmeb B{IaW§fnepw X{´]camb \ne]mSmWp tamZn kzoIcn¨Xv. AXn\m Atbm[ym tIkn \S¡p¶ H¯pXoÀ¸v \o¡¯nsâ `mhn tamZnbpsS kao]\s¯ B{ibn¨mbncn¡pw \nesImÅp¶Xv.


Ncn{X¯nsâ AZv`pXw

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ImcpWy¯nsâ a\pjycq]wþ5/ skÀPn BâWn

aZÀ sXtckbv¡p kz´ambpWvSmbncp¶Xp cWvSp tIm«¬ kmcnIfpw Hcp sNdnb _¡äpambncp¶p. kmcn \\bv¡m\p]tbmKn¡p¶ _¡äv. Bscbpw ImWn¡mt\m t_m[ys¸Sp¯mt\m AÃmbncp¶p Cu emfnXyw. AXp aZdnsâ PohnXssienbpsS `mKambncp¶p.

temI¯nsâ \m\m`mK§fnepambn anj\dokv Hm^v NmcnänbpsS Aªqdntesd `h\§fpWvSv. AXnt\mS\p_Ôn¨p \S¡p¶ D]hn {]hÀ¯\§Ä e£¡W¡n\p ]mhs¸«hÀ¡mWv Bizmkacpfp¶Xv. 133 cmPy§fnembn A¿mbnct¯mfw I\ymkv{XoIfmWp kmaqlytkh\, BtcmKy cwK§fn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶Xv. aZdn\p h³tXmXn ]Ww In«p¶pWvSmbncp¶psh¶pw AXn\mbmWv Cu Øm]\§sfms¡ \S¯p¶sX¶psams¡ bmsXmcp kt¦mNhpanÃmsX Nm\ NÀ¨Ifn X«nhnSp¶hÀ Cu Øm]\§fpsS Iogn \S¡p¶ {]hÀ¯\§sf¡pdn¨v Aev]sa¦nepw a\knem¡nbncp¶psh¦n C§s\sbm¶pw ]dbm³ Xp\nbpambncp¶nÃ.

Pohn¨ncp¶t¸mgpw aZÀ sXtckbvs¡Xntc Btcm]W§Ä D¶bn¨hcpWvSv. \cI¯nse amemJsb¶pt]mepw NneÀ aZdns\ hntijn¸n¨p. aZdnsâ tkh\{]hÀ¯\§Ä¡p temI¯nsâ \m\m`mK§fnÂ\n¶p klmbw F¯p¶Xn Akqb ]qWvShcmbncp¶p AhÀ. km¼¯nI klmbw am{XaÃ, hnhn[ cmPy§fnÂ\n¶pÅ sNdp¸¡mcmb \nch[n k¶² {]hÀ¯IÀ aZdnsâ Øm]\§fn tkh\¯ns\¯n. Bcpw Ahsc AXn\p \nÀ_Ôn¨nÃ. Bcpw AhÀ¡p {]Xn^esam¶pw \ÂInbnÃ. Bscbpw aZÀ aXwamänbpanÃ. P¸m\nse tSm¡ntbmbn \n¶pÅ CKmÀjn Iucp A¯csamcp k¶²tkhI\mbncp¶p. ap¸Xp XhWbmWv Ct±lw tIm¡¯bn tkh\¯ns\¯nbXv.

Zmcn{Zyw \ne\nÀ¯m\mWp aZÀ {ian¡p¶sX¶pt]mepw NneÀ hnaÀin¨p. Adp]¯nsb«p kwhÕc¡mew aZÀ IgnªpIqSnb tIm¡¯bv¡p Idp¯ Kplsb¶ t]cphogm\pÅ ImcWw aZdmsW¶pt]mepw NneÀ ]dªp]c¯n. C´ysb¡pdn¨v FgpXs¸« Nne {]ikvX IrXnIfn Nn{XoIcn¡s¸« Zmcn{Zy¯nsâbpw A\mYXz¯nsâbpw IYIfn tIm¡¯ F¶pw Hcp IYm]m{Xambncp¶phtÃm.

CsXm¶pw aZdnsâ tkh\§Ä¡p XSkambnÃ. BÀ¡pw thWvSm¯hÀ¡pw Bcpw kvt\ln¡m¯hÀ¡pw thWvSn Pohn¡m³ aZdn\p IqSpX DuÀPw CXneqsS e`n¨p. aZdnsâ tkh\{]hÀ¯\§Ä¡v AwKoImcw hÀ[n¡pwtXmdpw hnaÀi¯n\pw aqÀ¨IqSn. ]t£, Imcy§Ä hkvXp\njvTambn a\knem¡p¶hÀ AsXm¶pw hnizkn¨nÃ. aZdnsâ acWtijw HcmgvN IgnªpImWpw. tIm¡¯bnse Hcp {]mtZinI ]{X¯n cmaIrjvW anjsâ Xeh\mb kzman temtIizcm\µ FgpXn, "aZÀ sXtckbpsS PohImcpWy{]hÀ¯\§sf¡pdn¨v F\n¡pw Nne ktµl§Ä DWvSmbn«pWvSv. ImcWw, KpWta·bn Ipdhp hcmsX C{Xtbsd Imcy§Ä sN¿m\mhnà F¶Xmbncp¶p Fsâsbmcp ImgvN¸mSv. F¶ncp¶mepw acWmk¶cpsSbpw \nXytcmKnIfpsSbpw CSbn AhÀ \S¯p¶ tkh\§Ä XnI¨pw A\yq\amWv.'

C´ysb C{Xtbsd a\knem¡nb Hcp anj\dn aZdnt\mfw thsdbmcpapWvSmhnÃ. kzmX{´y¯n\p ap¼pÅ C´ybn h¶nd§nb knÌÀ sXtck kzmX{´y¯nsâbpw hn`P\¯nsâbpw cmPy¯nsâ BZyIme {]XnkÔnIsfbpw t\cn IWvSp. Bbnc¯ns¯mÅmbnc¯n \mev]XpIfn lnameb³ XmgvhcIfn \n¶mcw`n¨XmWv B C´ysb IsWvS¯Â. Cw¥WvSnÂ\n¶p I¸Â amÀKw sImfwt_mbnse¯n AhnsS\n¶p a{Zmknepw ]n¶oSp tIm¡¯bnepsa¯nb sIm¨p knÌdnsâ bm{X Ahkm\n¨Xv UmÀPnenwKnembncp¶p. C´ybn h¨p {]Ya {hXhmKvZm\w kzoIcn¨t¸mgmWv tKm¬tkm, sXtcksb¶ t]cp kzoIcn¨Xv. enkyqhnse hnip² sIm¨pt{XkytbmSpÅ kvacWbnembncp¶p B \maw kzoIcn¨Xv.

UmÀPnenwKnse semtdtäm k\ymk kaql¯nÂ\n¶p tIm¡¯bn kaqlw \S¯p¶ Bip]{Xnbn klmbnbmbn Abbv¡s¸« Ahkc¯nemWp thZ\bpsS B temIw aZdn\p ap¶n Xpd¡s¸«Xv. Iptd¡mew A[ym]\¨paXe e`ns¨¦nepw knÌÀ sXtckbpsS XmXv]cyw BXpcip{iqjbnembncp¶p. Ncn{Xhpw `qanimkv{Xhpambncp¶p sXtckbpsS A[ym]\ hnjb§Ä.

kvIqfn\Sp¯pWvSmbncp¶ tNcn{]tZis¯ P\PohnXw knÌdns\ PohImcpWy {]hÀ¯\§fnte¡v BIÀjn¨p. kvIqÄ Ip«nItfmsSm¸w Cu tNcn{]tZi§fpw AhnSs¯ Bip]{XnIfpw kµÀin¨v tcmKnIÄ¡p ip{iqj sNbvXncp¶p. Zmcn{Zy¯nsâbpw thZ\bpsSbpw AÀYs¯¡pdn¨pw ]cnlmcs¯¡pdn¨pw Ip«nIfpambn AhÀ kwhZn¨p.

hoWvSpsamcn¡Â¡qSn UmÀPnenwKnte¡p knÌÀ sXtck t]mbn. [ym\¯n\mbpÅ B bm{X PohnXs¯¡pdn¨p asämcp kp{][m\ Xocpam\¯n\pÅ Ahkcambn. ]mhs¸«hsc tkhn¡pI F¶XmWp Xsâ ZuXyw F¶p Xncn¨dnª knÌÀ sXtck AXn\pÅ amÀK§sf¡pdn¨v BtemNn¨p. CXn\mbn ]pXnsbmcp k\ymkkaqlw XpS§m\pÅ At]£ A¶s¯ tIm¡¯ BÀ¨v _nj]v \ncmIcns¨¦nepw aZdn\p Bßotbm]tZi§fpw amÀK\nÀtZi§fpw \ÂInt¸m¶ _ÂPnbwImc\mb Cutimk`m sshZnI³ ^m. slân CSs]«v _nj¸nsâ Xocpam\w amän.

C´y¡p kzmX{´yw e`n¡m³ t]mIp¶ Ahkc¯n Hcp shÅ¡mcn I\ymkv{Xo ChnsS Hcp k\ymkk` Øm]n¡p¶Xp ]e {]iv\§fpw krjvSnt¨¡msa¶mbncp¶p _nj¸nsâ ktµlw. kzmX{´y {]m]vXn¡ptijw Hcp hÀjw Ignªv, 1948emWv ]pXnb k\ymkkaql¯n\v A\paXnbmbXv. Zmcn{Zyw, A\pkcWw, I\ym{hXw F¶o aq¶p {hX§sfmsSm¸w kntÌgvkv Hm^v Nmcnänbnse AwK§Ä \memasXmcp {hXwIqSn FSp¡p¶pWvSv. Zcn{Zcn Zcn{ZcmbhÀ¡p ]qÀWa\tkmsSbpÅ tkh\w F¶XmWv B {hXw.

kzX{´ C´ybpsS BZy\mfpIfn tIm¡¯bnse PohImcpWy{]hÀ¯\§Ä¡pÅ km¼¯nI klmb¯n\p knÌÀ sXtckbv¡pw kl{]hÀ¯IÀ¡pw Gsd hetbWvSnh¶p. tcmKnIÄ¡p \ÂIm\pÅ acp¶pw `£Whpw AhÀ ]teS¯p\n¶pw tiJcn¨p. Hcp Znhkw k¼¶ _wKmfn IpSpw_¯nse Hcp s]¬Ip«n knÌÀ sXtcktbmsSm¸w {]hÀ¯n¡m\pÅ B{Klw {]ISn¸n¨v F¯n. knÌÀ ]Tn¸n¨ Ip«nbmbncp¶p CXv.

k\ymkkaql¯n tNcm\pÅ ITn\{hX§sf¡pdn¨pw AXnsâ _p²nap«pIsf¡pdn¨pw hniZambn Ip«ntbmSp ]dªtijw \¶mbn BtemNn¨p Xocpam\saSp¡m³ ]dªp Xncn¨b¨p. GXm\pw \mfpIÄ¡p tijw B Ip«n hoWvSpsa¯n. B`cW§sfm¶panÃmsX, hneIpdª Hcp kmcn[cn¨v. knÌÀ sXtcktbmsSm¸w B Ip«n tNÀ¶p. Bákv F¶ t]cv kzoIcn¨p.

1950 Bbt¸mÄ knÌÀ sXtcktbmsSm¸w Ggpt]cmbn. BZyw k`bnÂtNÀ¶hscÃw _wKmfnIfmbncp¶p. ]n¶oSp cmPy¯nsâ hnhn[ `mK§fnÂ\n¶pÅhÀ F¯n. ]n¶oSp hnhn[ cmPy§fnepw aZdn\v A\pKman\nIfpWvSmbn. temI¯nsâ kpJkuIcy§sfÃmw Dt]£n¡m\pw Zcn{ZÀ¡pthWvSn Pohn¡m\pw Xbmdmb Cu bphXnIÄ aZÀ ]IÀ¶ shfn¨¯n temI¯n\p {]Imiambn. B {]Imiw C¶pw F{Xtbm t]À¡v BizmkamIp¶p.

\Ãhscbpw \s½ kvt\ln¡p¶hscbpw kvt\ln¡m³ BÀ¡pw Ignbpw. A¯cw kvt\laà {InkvXp Bhiys¸Sp¶sX¶p aZÀ sXtck Xncn¨dnªp. ZpjvSscbpw IpjvTtcmKnIsfbpw hr²scbpw tcmKnIsfbpw kvt\ln¡m³ km[mcW¡mÀ¡p IgnbnÃ. AXn\p hnip²nbpsS A`ua ssNX\yw thWw. AXmWp aZdn sXfnªpIWvSXv. Ncn{X¯nâ AZv`pXamWv C¯cw P·§Ä. A¯cw hnip² PohnX§Ä ØeImemXoXamWv.

(Ahkm\n¨p)






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