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A£c\Kcnsb AXncäp kvt\ln¨ A\´aqÀ¯n

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tUm. kn. tXmakv G{_lmw

tUm. bp.BÀ. A\´aqÀ¯ntbmsSm¸w tIm«bw \Kcs¯ k¼qÀW km£cXm \Kcam¡m³ \S¯nb {]hÀ¯\§Ä F\n¡v hnkvacn¡m\mhnÃ. k¼qÀW km£cXmbÚw F¶ Bibw ]¦ph¨t¸mÄ Xs¶ A¶s¯ ap\nkn¸Â sNbÀam\mbncp¶ amWn G{_lmans\ t\cn ImWm\pw Bibw kwkmcn¡m\pw A\´aqÀ¯n kmÀ Ft¶msSm¸w t\cns«¯nbncp¶p.

km£cXmbÚ¯nse Gähpw {][m\s¸« kÀth DZvLmS\w sNbvXXp tUm. A\´aqÀ¯nbmWv. tIm«bw \Kc¯n 2,208 \nc£cÀ DsWvS¶mWp kÀthbn IsWvS¯nbXv. hnZymÀYnIÄ¡pw ap\nkn¸Â Iu¬kneÀamÀ¡psam¸w aqÀ¯n kmÀ \Kck`bpsS H¶mw hmÀUmb Iªn¡pgnbnse sIm¨pthen¡p¶nse¯nbXv Ct¸mgpw Fsâ a\knepWvSv. shÅ\ndapÅ BIvj³ jq [cns¨¯nb aqÀ¯n kmÀ AhnsSbpÅ Hcp sNdnb IpSnen tNmZymhenbpambn Ibdnbt¸mÄ jq Agn¨p ]pd¯ph¨p \á]mZ\mbn Ibdn. aäpÅhsc _lpam\n¡m\pÅ henb ]mTamWp aqÀ¯n kmÀ F\n¡pw hnZymÀYnIÄ¡psams¡ CXneqsS ]dªpX¶Xv.

1989 amÀ¨v \men\p km£cXmbÚ¯nsâ `mKambn tIm«bw \Kc¯n KmÔn {]Xna apX am½³ am¸nf lmÄ hsc \S¶ Iq«tbm«¯n A\´aqÀ¯n kmÀ ]s¦Sp¯ncp¶p. km£cXm ]XmI DbÀ¯m³ £Wn¡m³ sN¶t¸mÄ F´n\mWv Rm³ ]XmI DbÀ¯p¶Xv, Hcp \nc£c³ ]XmI DbÀ¯s« F¶p ]dªp imcocnI\yq\XbpÅ kpIpamc³ F¶bmsfs¡mWvSp km£cXm ]XmI DbÀ¯m³ {IaoIcWw \S¯n. CbmÄ¡p ]XmI DbÀ¯m\mbn KmÔn{]Xnabv¡p kao]w {]tXyIw sImSnacw Xbmdm¡m\pw A\´aqÀ¯n kmÀ \nÀtZiw \ÂInbncp¶p.

FwPn bqWnthgvknän (A¡me¯v KmÔnPn kÀhIemime) bpsS BZyIme Hm^okv tIm«b¯p IfIvStdän\v FXnÀhiapÅ ]Snªmtd¡c sI«nS¯nemWp {]hÀ¯n¨ncp¶Xv. AXnc¼pg \m¸m¯naebn Øew In«nbt¸mÄ Rm³ aqÀ¯n kmdnt\mSp ]dªp: "X\n {KmaoW A´co£¯nte¡mWp bqWnthgvknän t]mIp¶Xv. \ap¡p Iemeb {KmakulrZ tI{µambn bqWnthgvknänsb amäWw.' CXn\mbn Rm³ {KmahnImkv tI{µw F¶ t]cn Hcp t{]mPIvSv kaÀ¸n¡pIbpw sNbvXp.

B ^ben aqÀ¯n kmÀ C§s\bmWp Ipdn¨Xv: "CXp al¯mb Hcp BibamWv. bqWnthgvknänbpsS Nn´IÄ¡pw hy{KXbv¡pw tNX\bpsS am\w sImSp¡m³ Ignbpw. CXv Fsâ PohnX¯nse Gähpw ad¡m\mhm¯ kw`hambn Rm³ HmÀ¡p¶p.' B s{]mPIvSn {KmahnImkv tI{µ¯n\mbn ]dªncp¶ cWvSctb¡À `qan DS³ IsWvS¯m³ At¸mÄ Xs¶ At±lw \nÀtZiw \ÂIpIbpw sNbvXp.

bqWnthgvknäntbmSp tNÀ¶pÅ \mev]m¯naebnse ZfnXv tImf\n \nhmknIÄ aqÀ¯n kmdn\p Hcp kzoIcWw \ÂInbncp¶p. AXn Rm\pw ]s¦Sp¯p. tImf\nbnse Hcp hyàn JmZnbpsS Hcp jmÄ aqÀ¯n kmdns\ AWnbn¨p. PohnX¯nse Gähpw henb D]lmcamWv e`n¨ncn¡p¶sX¶mWv aqÀ¯nkmÀ adp]Sn {]kwK¯n ]dªXv.

aebmfnIÄ _p²nam·mcmsW¦nepw km{¼ZmbnIXz¯n\v A¸pdt¯bv¡p hfcm³ aSn _m[n¨hcmsW¶v Ft¸mgpw At±lw ]dbpambncp¶p. DÅXp ]dªm bqWnthgvknänbpsS hgnhn« ssienIfn At±lw Ft¸mgpw hnjan¨ncp¶p. tPmenbn Aew`mhw ImWn¡p¶ DtZymKØtcmSp \n§Ä¡p a\kpsWvS¦n tPmen sN¿q F¶mWv At±lw ]dªncp¶Xv.

aq¶p hÀjw ap¼p tUm. cmP³ Kpcp¡fpsS £W{]Imcw FwPn bqWnthgvknänbn At±lw hoWvSpw F¯nbt¸mÄ F\n¡p ImWm\pw kwkmcn¡m\pw Ahkcw e`n¨ncp¶p. kXykÔ\pw DbÀ¶ sshImcnI _p²nbpWvSmbncp¶ Hcp `cWIÀ¯mhpambncp¶p A\´aqÀ¯n kmÀ. At±l¯nsâ `cWIme¯p bqWnthgvknän¡v Hcp]mSv t\«§Ä t\SnsbSp¡m³ Ignªp. C¶p bqWnthgvknänbn ]e t\«§fpsSbpw ]n¶n At±l¯nsâ {]hÀ¯\§fmWv.

hnZymÀYnIfnte¡v Cd§ns¨¶ A[ym]I t{ijvT³

almßmKmÔn kÀhIemimebv¡p ]pXnb apJw \evInb A[ym]I t{ijvT\mbncp¶p DSp¸n cmPtKm]memNmcy A\´aqÀ¯n. ssakqÀ kÀhIemimebnse Cw¥ojv A[ym]I\mbncns¡bmWv 1987 A¶s¯ KmÔnPn (]n¶oSv almßmKmÔn) kÀhIemimebpsS cWvSmas¯ sshkv Nm³kedmbn F¯nbXv.

tIm«bw \Kc¯n \n¶v AXnc¼pgbntebv¡v BØm\w amänbt¸mÄ IÃpae, \mÂ]m¯nae Ip¶pIfn ]cnanXamb kmlNcy§fnembncp¶p AhnsS XpS¡w. XIcw taª aq¶p sjUpIfmbncp¶p bqWnthgvknän sI«nSw. {]oUn{Knbpw A¡me¯p kÀhIemimeIfpsS `mKambncp¶p. bqWnthgvknän ØnXn sN¿p¶ {]tZi¯n\p {]nbZÀin\n lnÂkv F¶ t]cp NmÀ¯nbXv tUm. A\´aqÀ¯nbmWv.

Hm^okv apdnbn HXp§n\n¡msX tImfPv hnZym`ymk¯n\v At±lw ]pXnb `mh§Ä \ÂIn. KmÔnPn kÀhIemimebv¡p bpPnknbpsS {Kmâv BZyambn e`n¨Xv Ct±l¯nsâ {ia^eambmWv.

bqWnthgvknän ]cn[nbnepÅ FÃm tImfPpIfnepw At±lw kµÀi\w \S¯n. tImfPpIfn hnZymÀYnIfpambn kwhZn¨p. ]e tImfPpIfnepw H¶pw cWvSpw aWn¡qÀ Cw¥ojv kmlnXy¯n ¢mskSp¯v A[ym]IcpsSbpw hnZymÀYnIfpsSbpw a\w IhÀ¶p.

kmaqlnI {]Xn_²XbpÅ hnZym`ymk¯nsâ {]kàn tIcfs¯ Adnbn¨ Cu A[ym]I³ \mjW kÀhokv kvIoan\v DZmcamb t{]mÕml\w \ÂIn. F³FkvFkv ZiZn\ Iym¼pIfn kµÀi\w \S¯n hnZymÀYnIÄs¡m¸w \nÀamW{]hÀ¯\§fnepw klImcnbmbn.

tIm«b¯v F¯nbtijw kmam\yw Xr]vXnIcambn aebmfw kwkmcn¡m³ tUm. A\´aqÀ¯n ]Tn¨p. sshkv Nm³kedpsS Hm^okv apdnbn Ibdns¨Ãm\pw ]cmXnIfpw ]cn`h§fpw ]cnanXnIfpw Adnbn¡m\pw At±lw A\paXn \ÂInbncp¶p. bqWnthgvknänbpsS Bcw` Ime¯p sshkv Nm³keÀ¡p Xmakn¡m³ Im¼kn kuIcyanÃmbncp¶p. tIm«bw saUn¡Â tImfPn\p kao]apÅ tUm.hn.F³. cmPtiJc³]nÅbpsS hmSI ho«nembncp¶p A\´aqÀ¯nbpsS Xmakw. ]n¶oSv tUm. cmPtiJc³]nÅ FwPn bqWnthgvknänbpsS sshkv Nm³kedmbXp asämcp IuXpIw.

kÀhIemimebnse hnhn[ Un¸mÀ«vsaâpIsf kvIqÄ F¶ \maIcW¯neqsS \hoIcW¯nte¡p sImWvSph¶Xv Ct±lamWv. tUm. \tc{µ{]kmZv, tUm. kn. tXmakv G{_lmw XpS§nb {]KÛ A[ym]Isc tImfPpIfnÂ\n¶p £Wn¨phcp¯n bqWnthgvknänbn \nban¨p. tIm«bw \Kc¯nsebpw \mÂ]m¯naebnsebpw k¼qÀW km£cXm bÚ§sf h³ hnPbam¡nbXn tUm. bp.BÀ. A\´aqÀ¯n¡p henb ]¦pWvSv.

(almßmKmÔn bqWnthgvknän F³FkvFkv t{]m{Kmw ap³ tImþHmÀUnt\ädpw XpSÀhnZym`ymk tI{µw UbdIvSdpamWp tUm. kn. tXmakv G{_lmw).

I¶Ubn B[p\nIXm {]Øm\¯n\p XpS¡an«p

I¶U kmlnXy¯nse B[p\nIXm {]Øm\¯n\p XpS¡an«hcnsemcmfmWv C¶se A´cn¨ tUm. bp.BÀ. A\´aqÀ¯n. \h F¶ t]cnembncp¶p A\´aqÀ¯nbpsSbpw kwL¯nsâbpw kmlnXykrãnIsf hntijn¸n¨ncp¶Xv.

bmYmØnXnI Nn´mKXnIsf shdp¯ncp¶ tUm.A\´aqÀ¯n 1965  ]pd¯nd§nb {]Ya t\mhemb kwkvImcbneqsSbmWp kmlnXytemI¯p {i²n¡s¸Sp¶Xv.

bmYmØnXnI Nn´mKXn¡mcpsS ISp¯ hnaÀi\¯n\p hnt[bamb Cu t\mh kwkvImc F¶ t]cn ]n¶oSp kn\nabpambn. anI¨ kn\nabv¡pÅ cmjv{S]XnbpsS kzÀWsaU kwkvImc t\Sn.

kwkvImcbv¡p ]pdta LS{i², `mcXn]pcw, AhØ, _mtc (t\mhÂ) lZn ss\Zp ]ZyKfp, anYp\ XpS§n aq¶p IhnXm kamlmc§fpw {]ims\, au\n, ¢n]v tPmbnâvXpS§nb F«v IYmkamlmc§fpw Ahlms\ F¶ \mSIkamlmchpw At±l¯nsâXmbn hmb\¡mcpsS ssIIfnse¯n.

tIma¬sh¯v kvtImfÀ (1963þ66) CuÌv Gjy³ emwtKzPkv B³Uv enätd¨À Un¸mÀ«vsaân hnknänwKv {]^kÀ, Atbmh (bpFkvF)bpsS CâÀ\mjW ssdänwKv t{]m{Kman hnknänwKv ssdäÀ XpS§nb _lpaXnIÄ At±lw kz´am¡nbn«pWvSv.

`mcXn]pcw 2012se Z£ntWjy³ kmlnXy¯n\pÅ UnFkvkn ]pckvImc¯nsâ Npcp¡¸«nIbnepw 2013se am³ _p¡À ss{]kv ]pckvImc¯nsâ Npcp¡¸«nIbnepw DWvSmbncp¶p. 1984se IÀWmSI cmtPymÕh ]pckvImcw, 1998 se Úm\]oTw ]pckvImcw, 1995se amkvXn ]pckvImcw, 2008se I¶U kÀhIemime \ÂIp¶ \mtUmP ]pckvImcw, 2012 Unenäv XpS§nb ]pckvImc§fpw A\´aqÀ¯nsb tXSnsb¯n. 1998  cmPyw ]ßhn`qj¬ \ÂIn Cu Fgp¯pImcs\ BZcn¨p.

\nch[n hntZi`mjIfnte¡v A\´aqÀ¯nbpsS IrXnIÄ hnhÀ¯\w sNbvXn«pWvSv. \mjW _p¡v {SÌv sNbÀam³, kmlnXy A¡mZan {]knUâv F¶o \neIfnepw A\´aqÀ¯n {it²bamb kw`mh\IfmWv kmwkvImcnI C´y¡p \ÂInbXv. Fgp¯nse ]ptcmKa\ Nn´mKXn PohnX¯nepw At±lw Im¯pkq£n¨p.


h©n Xncp\¡c Xs¶

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{][m\a{´n \tc{µtamZnbpsS kXy{]XnÚbv¡p ]m¡nØm³ {][m\a{´n \hmkv jco^v UÂlnbnse¯nbXpw Ccphcpw ]ckv]cw ssI]nSn¨p kulrZ`mhw {]ISn¸n¨Xpw C´yþ]mIv _Ô¯nse ]pXpbpK¸ndhnbmbn hntijn¸n¡s¸«ncp¶p. tamZn h¶tXmsS AbÂ]¡_Ô§fn alm]cnhÀ¯\w hcnIbmsW¶p am[ya§Ä {]iwk sNmcnªp. amkw aq¶p XnIªnÃ, t\ct¯ {]Jym]n¨ncp¶ C´yþ]m¡nØm³ hntZiImcy sk{I«dnXe NÀ¨ d±m¡nbncn¡p¶p. IYbn aqjnIkv{Xo hoWvSpw aqjnIkv{Xo BbXpt]mepÅ AhØ.

Imjvaocnse hnLS\hmZnIfmb lpdnb¯v t\Xm¡fpambn C´ybnse ]m¡nØm³ ssl¡½ojWÀ AÐpÄ _mknXv NÀ¨ \S¯n F¶XmWp hntZiImcysk{I«dnXe NÀ¨ d±m¡p¶Xn\p ImcWambn C´y ]dªXv. Imjvaocnse hnLS\hmZnIfpambn ]mIv ssl¡½ojWÀ NÀ¨ \S¯p¶Xp ]pXnb ImcyaÃ. 2001þ F._n. hmPvt]bn {][m\a{´nbmbncp¶t¸mÄ C´ybn D¨tImSn¡p h¶ ]m¡nØm³ {]knUâv ]Àthkv apjmd^v Xs¶ ChnsSh¨p ImjvaoÀ hnLS\hmZnIfpambn NÀ¨ \S¯nbncp¶p. {][m\s¸« C´yþ]mIv HutZymKnI NÀ¨IÄ¡p ap¼p ]mIv A[nIrXÀ Imjvaocnse hnLS\hmZnIfpambn NÀ¨ \S¯pI ]XnhmWv. At¸mĸns¶ NÀ¨bnÂ\n¶pÅ Ct¸mgs¯ ]n³amä¯n\pÅ bYmÀY ImcWw AXmIm³ hgnbnÃ. tamZn kÀ¡mcnsâ ]mIv \b¯nepÅ amäambn¯s¶ AXns\ ImWWw.

AXnÀ¯nbn {]iv\w krjvSn¡p¶ ]m¡nØmt\mSp bp]nF kÀ¡mÀ arZpkao]\amWp kzoIcn¡p¶sX¶pw _nsP]n A[nImc¯n h¶m IÀ¡i \ne]mSp kzoIcn¡psa¶pamWp sXcsªSp¸p tbmK§fn tamZn {]kwKn¨ncp¶Xv. AXp _nsP]nbpsS {]Jym]nX \ne]mSnt\mSp s]mcp¯s¸Sp¶Xpambncp¶p. AXn\m ]pXnb kÀ¡mcnsâ kXy{]XnÚbv¡p ]m¡nØm³ {][m\a{´nsbbpw tamZn hnfn¨Xpw £Ww kzoIcn¨p \hmkv jco^v h¶Xpw ]escbpw A¼c¸n¡mXncp¶nÃ. A¶s¯ A¼c¸v Ct¸mÄ NÀ¨ d±m¡nbtXmsS Bib¡pg¸ambn amdnbncn¡pIbmWv. GXmbmepw Hcp {][m\a{´n¡pw HäZnhkwsImWvSp cmPy¯nsâ hntZi\bw amäm³ Ignbnsöp hyàambn.

C´yþ]m¡nØm³ hntZiImcysk{I«dnXe NÀ¨ cWvSphÀjs¯ CSthfbv¡ptijw Cuamkw 25þ\mWp \S¯m³ Xocpam\n¨ncp¶Xv. {][m\a{´namÀ X½nepÅ IqSn¡mgvNbv¡pÅ AP³U Xbmdm¡pI F¶ {][m\ ZuXyhpw sk{I«dnXe NÀ¨bv¡pWvSmbncp¶p. hok \S]SnIÄ eLqIcn¡Â, \nb{´WtcJbnse shSn\nÀ¯Â ewL\w, hym]mccwK¯v Gsd ap³KW\m{IaapÅ cmPysa¶ ]Zhn \ÂIÂ, AXnÀ¯nIS¶pÅ `oIc{]hÀ¯\w XpS§nb hnjb§fpw NÀ¨bn htcWvSXmbncp¶p. C´yþ ]m¡nØm³ AXnÀ¯nbn ssk\y§Ä X½nepÅ shSnhbv]v hÀ[n¨phcp¶ ]Ým¯e¯nemWv Ct¸mÄ NÀ¨ amänh¨ncn¡p¶Xv F¶ Imcyhpw hnkvacn¡mhp¶XÃ.

A[nImc¯n\p thWvSnbpÅ XÀ¡¯n hn`Pn¡s¸« P\XbmWv C´ybnepw ]m¡nØm\nepapÅXv. 1947 apX ]ckv]c kwib¯nepw AI¨bnepw Ignbp¶ Cu cmPy§Ä X½n Hcp kp{]`mX¯n FÃmw ad¶p ssItImÀ¡pI Gsd¡psd Akm[yamWv. PhlÀem s\lvdp apX a³taml³knwKv hscbpÅ {][m\a{´namÀ ]m¡nØm\pambn kam[m\apWvSm¡m³ {iaw \S¯nbXmWv. ]m¡nØmsâ BßmÀYaÃm¯ \ne]mSpaqew AhsbÃmw ]mfn. C´y³ {][m\a{´n F._n. hmPvt]bn ]m¡nØm\nse emtlmdnte¡p \S¯nb _kv bm{Xbpw ]m¡nØm³ {]knUâv ]Àthkv apjmd^v B{K D¨tImSn¡p h¶Xpw A¡me¯p henb am[ya{i² t\Snbncp¶p. ]t£, Imcy§Ä apt¶m«p\o§nbnÃ.

\tc{µ tamZnbpsS kXy{]XnÚbv¡p \hmkv jco^v UÂlnbn h¶t¸mÄ Ccpt\Xm¡fpw X½n D`bI£n_Ôw kw_Ôn¨v Hu]NmcnI NÀ¨ \S¶ncp¶p. `oIcm{IaW§fpw AXnÀ¯nbnse shSnhbv]pw \nÀ¯nbm am{Xta kam[m\hpw kulrZhpw km[yamhq F¶v A¶p tamZn ]dªp. NÀ¨ ^e{]amsW¶mWv \hmkv jco^v C´ybn h¨p ]dªXv. F¶mÂ, At±lw ]m¡nØm\nse¯nbt¸mÄ AhnSs¯ ]{XteJItcmSp ]dªXp `oIcm{IaW§sf¸än C´y³ {][m\a{´n NqWvSn¡m«nbt¸mÄ Imjvaocn \S¡p¶Xp kzmX{´ykacamsW¶p Xm³ {]XnIcn¨sX¶mWv. AXmbXp kam[m\h©n hoWvSpw Xncp\¡c Xs¶ F¶p Npcp¡w.

C´ybpw ]m¡nØm\pw X½n CXn\pap¼v Kuchamb NÀ¨ \S¶Xv 2013 sk]väw_dn \yqtbmÀ¡nÂh¨mWv. A¶s¯ C´y³ {][m\a{´n tUm. a³taml³knwKpw ]m¡nØm³ {][m\a{´n \hmkv jco^pw X½n \S¯nb NÀ¨bpsS ^ew h«¸qPyambncp¶p F¶p ]dbmw. C´ys¡Xntc {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ `oIccpsS ]m¡nØm\nse Xmhf§Ä AS¨p]q«msX AbÂ_豈 t\tcbmInsöp tUm. a³taml³knwKv NÀ¨bv¡p apt¼ ]dªncp¶p. CcpcmPy§fpsSbpw `cW¯eh·mÀ X½n aq¶phÀj¯n\nsS \S¶ BZy IqSn¡mgvNbmbncp¶p AXv. Imjvaocn \pgªpIbdn ]m¡nØm³ Xo{hhmZnIÄ \S¯nb Iq«s¡mebpsS tNmcbpW§pw ap¼mbncp¶p A¶s¯ NÀ¨. C´y³ ssk\y¯nse Hcp e^vä\âv tIW DÄs¸sS 13 t]À B B{IaW¯n sImÃs¸«p. AXp ]m¡nØmsâ ssienbmWv. NÀ¨bv¡p t\Xm¡Ä Cd§pt¼mtg¡pw Xo{hhmZnIÄ FhnsSsb¦nepw sIme]mXIw \S¯nbncn¡pw.

C´ybn F{X Xo{hhmZ B{IaWw \S¯nbmepw ]m¡nØm\nse `cW]£hpw {]Xn]£hpsaÃmw {]XnIcn¡p¶Xv Htc coXnbnemWv. Xmen_ms\tbm AXnsâ t]mjIkwLS\Isftbm XÅn¸dbm³ AhÀ¡p aSnbmWv. Xmen_ms\ ]n´pWbv¡m³ apJwaqSn Bhiyansöp IcpXp¶ C{am³Jms\ t]mepÅ t\Xm¡fpsS kzm[o\w ]m¡nØm\n hÀ[n¨phcnIbmWv.

A^vKm³þ]m¡nØm³ AXnÀ¯nbnse ae{¼tZi§Ä Xo{hhmZ¯nsâ iàntI{µambn ]tWvS amdn¡gnªp. ejvIÀþCþtXmbn_, lÀ¡¯p apPmlnZo³ XpS§n ]ehn[ t]cpIfn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ Xo{hhmZnkwL§Ä A{IanIfmbpw NmthdpIfmbpw Ac§phmgpt¼mÄ AXnsâ XethZ\ ]m¡nØm\p am{XaÃ, C´y¡pIqSnbmWv. ImjvaoÀ {]iv\w AhÀ¡v GXv A{Ia¯n\pw adbpw \ymboIcWhpamWv.

F{Xtbsd NÀ¨ \S¯nbmepw D¨tImSn IqSnbmepw C´yþ]m¡nØm³ {]iv\§Ä ]cnlcn¡pI Ffp¸aÃ. ]m¡nØm³ P\XbpsSta Xo{hhmZnIfpsS kzm[o\w A{Xta iàambn¡gnªp.


Xpd¡m¯ _mdpw XpScp¶ NÀ¨bpw

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tUm. sk_mÌy³ sF¡c

2014 G{]n H¶papX 418 _mdpIÄ¡p XpSÀXpdhn \ntj[n¨Xp tIcf¯n h³ NÀ¨IÄ¡pw hnhmZ§Ä¡pw ImcWambtÃm. tImSXn CSs]«n«pw A´naXocpam\amIm¯ Cu hnjbw kaql¯nsâ FÃm Xe§fnepw NqtSdnb NÀ¨Ifpw hnhmZ§fpambn XpScpIbmWv.

418 _mdpIÄ¡p \nÝnX \nehmcansöp knFPn IsWvS¯nbncn¡p¶p. CXn ]pXpa H¶panÃ. ImcWw, _mdpIfpsS \nehmcw F´mbncn¡Wsa¶pw AXn³{]Imcw \nehmcw sa¨s¸Sp¯Wsa¶pw 1982 apX hnhn[ kÀ¡mcpIÄ Bhiys¸«n«pWvSv. F¶mÂ, amdnamdn h¶ kÀ¡mcpIfnepw cmjv{Sob]mÀ«nIfnepw h³kzm[o\apÅ aZytem_n Cu D¯chpIÄ¡p ]pÃphnet]mepw sImSp¯nÃ. 1993se tImSXnhn[n A¶phscbpÅ t]mcmbvaIÄ £an¨psh¦nepw XpSÀ¶p \nehmcw t`Zs¸Sp¯m\pÅ ISa _mÀ DSaIÄ¡p \ÂIn.

F¶mÂ, cWvSp ZimÐw Ignªn«pw \nehmcw sa¨s¸Sp¯m³ Iq«m¡m¯ _mdpSaIÄ cWvSp ZiZn\§ÄsImWvSv FÃmw icnbm¡mw F¶p ]dbp¶Xn AÀYanÃ.

\nehnepÅ _mÀ \nba§f\pkcn¨v SqdnÌpIÄ¡p Xmakn¡m³ \nÝnX F®w apdnIÄ DWvSmbncn¡Wsa¶p am{XaÃ, SqdnÌpIÄ AhnsS Xmakn¡pIbpw thWw. Bhiys¸«m bqtdm]y³ `£W{Iaa\pkcn¨pÅ hn`h§fpw hnft¼WvSXmWv. aZyw hnf¼p¶Xn\pw \nÀtZiapWvSv. `£W¯n\p tijamWv aZyw hnft¼WvSXv. aZy¯nsâ _nÂs¨ehv `£W_nÃnt\mSp tNÀ¯pthWsa¶pw \nÀtZiapWvSv. SqdnÌpIfpsS AXnYnIÄ¡pw CsXÃmw _m[IamWv. aZy]n¡p¶hÀ cm{Xnbn AhnsS¯s¶ Xmakn¡Wsa¶pw \nbaw \njvIÀjn¡p¶p.

Cu \nba§sfÃmw hym]Iambn ewLn¡s¸Sp¶p F¶XmWv bmYmÀYyw. am{Xaà sNdnb Hcp ^okv sI«n, tdmUph¡n IuWvSdpIÄ {IaoIcn¨v \nÂ]\Sn¡m³ km[mcW¡msc t{]cn¸n¡pIbpw ]cnioen¸n¡pIbpw sN¿pIbmWv C¶v. C¯c¯nepÅ BimkyaÃm¯ \S]SnIÄ kaql¯nepWvSm¡p¶ BLmX§Ä hfsc KuchtadnbXmWv.

HcpIme¯v ANn´\obambncp¶, {]IrXn {]tXyIw ]cnemf\w sN¿p¶, cà_Ôs¯t¸mepw ]cnKWn¡m¯ IpäIrXy§fpsS ]c¼cXs¶ ]{X§fnÂ\n¶p \½Ä hmbn¨dnbp¶pWvSv. a\pjya\xkm£nsb sR«n¡p¶ IpäIrXy§fpsS ]{XhnhcWw Ahkm\n¡p¶Xp {]Xn aZyelcnbnemWv IrXyw \nÀhln¨Xv F¶ hmNIt¯msSbmWtÃm.

C¶v \½psS \m«n aZy]m\w krjvSn¡p¶ KpcpXc {]iv\§Ä IW¡nseSp¡pt¼mÄ aZy¯nsâ e`yX Ipdbvt¡WvSXv A\nhmcyamWv. Cu kao]\w temImtcmKy kwLS\bpsS \nÀtZit¯mSp ]qÀWambn tbmPn¡p¶XmWv. AtXmsSm¸wXs¶ t_m[hXvIcWw \S¯n aZy¯nsâ Bhiy¡mcpsS F®w Ipdbv¡pI, Bkàn tcmKnIÄ¡p NnInÕ \ÂIpI F¶o ]cn]mSnIfmWv temImtcmKykwLS\ \nÀtZin¡p¶Xv. Cu aq¶p ]cn]mSnIfnepw Htckabw {i² tI{µoIcn¨memWp KpW]camb amä§Ä DWvSmhpI F¶pw adn¨v H¶p ]qÀ¯oIcn¨n«v ASp¯Xnte¡p IS¡mw F¶ kao]\w hn]coX^ew ]pds¸Sphn¡pIbmWp sN¿pI F¶pw temImtcmKykwLS\ ap¶dnbn¸p \ÂIp¶p. AXn\m t_m[hXvIcn¨n«p e`yX Ipdbv¡mw F¶Xv Hcn¡epw {]mtbmKnIaÃ.

BkàntcmKnIfpsS hÀ[\ ]cnKWn¨v 2010þ temImtcmKykwLS\, bqtdm]y³ cmPy§Ä atZym]tbmKw 25 iXam\w Ipdbv¡Wsa¶v Bhiys¸«p. C¯c¯nsemcp \o¡w B cmPy§fn DWvSmhpIbpw sNbvXp. XpSÀ¶v atZymXv]mZIÀ X§fpsS {]nbs¸« hn]W\tI{µ§fmbn sXcsªSp¯Xv C´ybpw ssN\bpamWv. C¶p tIcf¯n aZy]n¡p¶hcpsS Gähpw Ipdª {]mbw ]¯v BsW¶p temImtcmKykwLS\bpsS ]T\dnt¸mÀ«v hyàam¡p¶p. AXmbXv A©mw¢mkpImc³ aZy]n¨pXpS§p¶psh¶p kmcw. Cu bmYmÀYyw DÄs¡mÅpt¼mÄ _mÀ tlm«epIÄ t`Zs¸Sp¯n aZyhnev]\ hÀ[n¸n¡p¶Xphgn et£m]e£w sXmgnemfnIsfbpw AhcpsS IpSpw_§sfbpw Ip«nIsfbpw c£s¸Sp¯m\mhnsöp hyàw. AXp `cWLS\bpsS A´xk¯ DÄs¡mÅp¶XÃXm\pw.

_mdpIÄ DS³ Xpd¶nsæn hymPaZyw s]cpIpsa¶pw aZyZpc´w XpSÀ¡YbmIpsa¶pw A¯csamcp kmlNcys¯ t\cnSm³ FIvsskkv hn`mKw thWvS{X iàasöpw A[nImcØm\§fnencn¡p¶hÀ {]kvXmhn¨ncn¡p¶p. CXp kz´w IgnhptISp {]ISn¸n¡p¶Xns\m¸w aZytem_ntbmSpÅ D]ImckvacWbtà F¶pIqSn kwibnt¡WvSnbncn¡p¶p. F¶mÂ, sI]nknkn {]knUânsâ hyàhpw iàhpamb [mÀanI \ne]mSn adns¨mcp Xocpam\apWvSmbnÃ. aZyw Hcp AhiyhkvXp Asöp tImSXnbpw \nco£n¨p.

\mepamkambn 418 _mdpIÄ ASªpInS¶Xphgn aZyZpc´§Ä H¶pw \S¶nÃ. am{Xaà Nne KpW]camb amä§Ä kaql¯n {]ISamIpIbpw sNbvXp. A]ISacW§Ä, {Inan\ Ipä§Ä, BßlXyIÄ, aZyw aqeapÅ tcmK§Ä F¶nhbn Ipdhph¶p. Nmcmb\ntcm[\w bmYmÀYyt_m[t¯msS {]mhÀ¯nIam¡nb 1996 P\phcn H¶papX G{]n H¶phscbpÅ ImeL«s¯ A\pkvacn¸n¡pwhn[apÅ KpW]camb amäamWnXv.

e£¡W¡n\p P\§sf ad¶p aZytem_nbpsS klmbnIfmIp¶ cmjv{Sobt\XrXz¯n\p XIcp¶ IpSpw_§tfm am\`wK¯n\ncbmIp¶ kv{XoItfm tdmUn hoWp NnXdp¶ buh\§sftbm Kuchamb Nn´bv¡p hnjbo`hn¡p¶nÃ. aZyam^nbbnÂ\n¶p e`n¡p¶ Idp¯ ]W¯n\pw amk¸Sn¡pw {]m[m\yw IqSpX e`n¡p¶p. AXpsImWvStà BtcmKy¯n\p lm\nIcw F¶ te_ H«n¨ncn¡p¶ Hcp DXv]¶w C{Xam{Xw hnev]\ \S¯p¶Xv. temI¯p P\m[n]Xy amÀK¯neqsS A[nImctaä kÀ¡mcpIfn aZy¯nÂ\n¶pÅXv Gähpw henb hcpam\amÀKambn kzoIcn¨p `cWw \S¯p¶ GI kÀ¡mÀ tIcfkÀ¡mcmWv. 2010 hsc s]t{SmÄ, Uok XpS§nbhbnÂ\n¶pÅ hcpam\ambncp¶p Gähpw hepXv. XpSÀ¶p aZyhnev]\ hcpam\w H¶mwØm\¯mbn.

C¯cpW¯n PÌokv cmaN{µ³ I½oj³ dnt¸mÀ«v, e`yamb hnhc§fpsS ASnØm\¯n aZytem_n¡pthWvSn Xbmdm¡nbXmtWm F¶v Hcp \njv]£aXn¡p tXm¶nbm AZv`pXs¸Sm\nÃ. dnt¸mÀ«nse 44 \nÀtZi§fn 40Dw P\phncp²amsW¶mWp tIÄ¡p¶Xv. ASª _mdpIÄ Cu dnt¸mÀ«nsâ ASnØm\¯n Xpd¡m\pÅ kÀ¡mÀ \o¡w A]e]\obamWv. PohnX¯nsâ hnhn[ taJeIÄ¡p {]mXn\n[yw sImSp¯psImWvSv Hcp ]pXnb I½ojs\ \nÀtZin¡pIbmWv A`nImayw.

hocywIpdª aZyw hym]Iam¡psa¶ a{´nbpsS {]kvXmh\ A´mcmjv{S aZyI¼\nIfpsS \nKqVamb \bt¯mSp tbmPn¡p¶XmWv. atZym]tbmKw 20 iXam\w hÀ[n¸n¡pI F¶XmWv AhcpsS lnU³ AP³U. AXn\m kv{XoIsfbpw Ip«nIsfbpw BIÀjn¡m\mbn hocyw Ipdª aZy¯nsâ hn]W\w AXymhiyamWv. hocyw IqSnb aZyw D]tbmKn¨p ioen¨ Hcp aZy]³ hocyw IpdªXnte¡p amdpw F¶Xp bpàn¡p \nc¡m¯ {]Xo£bmWv. BkàntcmKnIfpsS XpS¡w km[mcW Xamibvt¡m Iq«pIqSp¶Xnt\m thWvSn hocyw Ipdª _nbdpw IÅpsams¡ D]tbmKn¨mWv. BZys¯ aZy]m\w cWvSmat¯Xns\ Ffp¸am¡p¶p, cWvSmat¯Xp aq¶mat¯Xnt\bpw.

hocywIpdª aZyw hym]Iam¡n Ip«n¡pSnb·mscbpw h\nXm aZy]scbpw krjvSn¡pIbpw AtXmsSm¸wXs¶ tImSnIÄ apS¡n aZyhncp² {]NmcWw \S¯pIbpw sN¿p¶Xp ]mgvthebmWv. Gähpw henb aZyhym]mcnbmb kÀ¡mcnsâ HdnPn\ aZyw _nhtdPknsâ ISIfnÂ\n¶p hm§nb HcmÄ FhnsSh¨v AXp IpSn¡Wsa¶p hyàam¡nbn«nÃ. AXp ho«nÂh¨mbncn¡WatÃm IpSnt¡WvSXv. kÀ¡mcnsâ Hcp P\t£a {]hÀ¯nbmbn CXns\ IcpXmtam? hfÀ¶phcp¶ Ip«nIÄ¡v F´p ktµiamWv AXp \ÂIpI?


¹kv Sp: sslt¡mSXn hn[nbpw BÀ¨v_nj¸nsâ I¯pw

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]pXnb ¹kv Sp _m¨pIÄ A\phZn¨psImWvSp a{´nk`m D]kanXn AwKoIcn¨ enÌv sslt¡mSXn "sh«n\nc¯n'btXmsS XriqÀ BÀ¨v_nj]v amÀ B³{Uqkv Xmg¯v DbÀ¯n¡m«nb {]iv\w hoWvSpw kPoh NÀ¨mhnjbamIpIbmWv.

Cu hnjb¯n DbÀ¶phtcWvS Kuchamb NÀ¨bv¡p sslt¡mSXnhn[ntbmsS {]kàn ssIh¶ncn¡p¶p. bYmÀY¯n BÀ¨v_nj]v tIm¬{Kkv A[y£ tkmWnbKmÔn¡v Ab¨ I¯n hnZym`ymk taJebpambn _Ôs¸«v apt¶m«ph¨ Bhiyw hfsc apt¼ htcWvSXmbncp¶p. hnZym`ymkcwKw Hcp hn`mK¡mÀ Nhn«n sNfn¡pfam¡p¶Xphsc Im¯ncnt¡WvSnbncp¶nÃ.

Hcp atXXckaql¯n It¯men¡mk`bv¡pthWvSn am{XapÅ hnet]iembn hymJym\n¡s¸tSWvSXà BÀ¨v_nj¸nsâ I¯v. It¯men¡m aXtae[y£³ D¶bn¨p F¶XpsImWvSpam{Xw s]mXpkaqls¯ _m[n¡p¶ Gähpw {][m\s¸« hnjbw Hcp aXhn`mK¯nsâ am{Xw hnjbambn HXp¡m\mhnÃ.

P\m[n]Xy kaql¯n BtcmKyt¯msS \ne\nÂt¡WvS hnZym`ymkcwKw C¶p tcmKmXpcamWv. hnZKv[ NnInÕ A\nhmcyamsW¶p hyàam¡p¶ I¯mWp amÀ B³{Uqkv Xmg¯v tIm¬{Kkv A[y£ tkmWnbKmÔn¡v Ab¨Xv. I¯nse {]kàamb `mK§Ä C§s\: ""hnZym`ymkw AS¡apÅ ]e hIp¸pIfpw cmjv{Sob]mÀ«nIÄ AhcpsS kzImcykz¯p t]msebmWp ssIImcyw sN¿p¶Xv. BtcmKy, hnZym`ymk cwK¯p henb kw`mh\ \ÂInb tIcf¯nse ss{IkvXhkapZmbw Xgbs¸«ncn¡p¶p. kÀhIemimeIsf Nne kapZmb§Ä X«ns¡mWvSpt]mbncn¡p¶p. aÀ¡SapjvSn¡mcmb Nne tIm¬{Kkv t\Xm¡fmIs« {]iv\§Ä kwkmcn¡m³ t]mepw XbmdmIp¶nÃ. tIm¬{Kkv t\XrXzw C¡mcy¯n CSs]SWw''.

tIm¬{Kkv A[y£ am{XaÃ, kwØm\ kÀ¡mcpw s]mXpkaqlhpw A`nkwt_m[\ sNt¿WvS {]iv\§Ä B hcnIfn A´À`hn¨n«pWvSv.

F³FkvFkv P\d sk{I«dn Pn. kpIpamc³ \mbcpsS hm¡pIfpw C¡mcyw icnhbv¡p¶p: ""\n£n]vX XmXv]cy¡mÀ¡mbn hnZym`ymktaJesb amänsbSp¡p¶ Ct¸mgs¯ {]hWX hnZymÀYnIfpw c£nXm¡fpw Bi¦tbmsSbmWp ImWp¶Xv. Dbcp¶ AgnaXn Btcm]W§fpw hnhmZ§fpw kaql¯n\p hnZym`ymktaJetbmSpÅ aXn¸p \jvSs¸Sp¯pw''.

]pXnb ¹kvSp _m¨pIfpw lbÀ sk¡³Udn kvIqfpIfpw A\phZn¨Xn hym]I {Iat¡Sv \S¶Xmbn Btcm]n¨v apkvenw FUypt¡jW skmsskän (FwCFkv) apJya{´n D½³ NmWvSn¡p ]cmXn \ÂInb Imcyw apIfnse {]kvXmh\ItfmSp tNÀ¯phmbnt¡WvSXmWv.

""BtcmKy, hnZym`ymk cwK¯p henb kw`mh\IÄ \ÂInb tIcf¯nse ss{IkvXh kapZmbw Xgbs¸«ncn¡p¶p''sh¶v BÀ¨v_nj]v {]kvXmhn¡pt¼mÄ AXn F{Xt¯mfw icnbpsWvS¶ At\zjWw kzm`mhnIambpw Dbcpw. AXn\pÅ adp]Sn {]^. Fw.sI. km\phnsâ hm¡pIfmWv. Nmhd Ipcymt¡mkv Genbmk¨s\¡pdn¨v "tIcf \thm°m\¯nse ip{I\£{Xw' F¶ Xes¡t«msS FgpXnb teJ\¯n km\pamjv C§s\ tcJs¸Sp¯nbncn¡p¶p: ""F¡mehpw hnÚm\Zmlnbmbncp¶ Nmhdb¨³ hnZym`ymk¯n\p kaql¯n henb Øm\apsWvS¶p a\knem¡n. PmXnhyhØaqew ]Ån¡qS§fn t]mImt\m ]Tn¡mt\m km[n¡msX hebp¶ IogvPmXn¡mÀ¡mWv AXnsâ {]tbmP\w Gsd Bhiysa¶pw Nmhdb¨³ Adnªp. AXnsâ ^eambmWp ]e `mK§fnepw hnZymeb§Ä Øm]n¡m³ At±lw ap³ssIsbSp¯Xv. C¶p Xncnªpt\m¡pt¼mÄ \ap¡v AZv`pXw tXm¶pw. Nmhdb¨³ Xsâ B{iat¯mSp tNÀ¶v 1846þ Hcp kwkvIrX hnZymebwXs¶ Bcw`n¨p. AhnsS A[ym]I\mbn \nban¨Xp XriqÀ kztZinbmb Hcp hmcyscbmWv.

]mÝmXyk{¼Zmb¯nepÅ hnZymeb§Ä FÃm CShI¸ÅnItfmSpw tNÀ¶v Bcw`n¡m\pÅ \nÀtZihpw 1864þ Nmhdb¨³ Hcp kÀ¡pednsâ cq]¯n ]ÅnIfnte¡b¨p. A¶v A¨³ kotdmþae_mÀ k`bpsS hnImcn P\dmfmbncp¶p. B \nÀtZiw A\pkcnt¡WvS _m[yXbnÂ\n¶v CShI¸ÅnIÄ¡v Hgnªpamdm\mIpambncp¶nÃ. AXnsâ ^eambn At\Iw kvIqfpIÄ Øm]nXambn. B kvIqfpIfn ZfnXv hn`mK¯nÂs¸« Ipªp§Ä¡p {]tXyI t{]mÕml\amWv \ÂInbXv.

XnIª Zmcn{Zy¯nemWv A¡me¯p an¡ ZfnXv IpSpw_§fpw Ignªncp¶Xv. Nmhdb¨³ B Ipªp§Ä¡p kuP\yambn ]pkvXIhpw hkv{Xhpw \ÂIn. AhÀ¡v D¨¡ªnbpw \ÂIn. tIcf¯nsâ Ncn{X¯n Zcn{ZhnZymÀYnIÄ¡p kuP\y`£Ww BZyambn \ÂInbXp Nmhdb¨\msW¶v F{Xt]À HmÀan¡p¶p?''

{]^. km\p taÂNqWvSn¡mWn¨ Nmhdb¨sâ amXrI ]n´pSÀ¶v XriqÀ cq]XbpsS BZysa{Xm³ (hnImcn A¸kvtXmen¡) F.sP. saUvent¡m«v 1889 HIvtSm_À 15þ\p 922þmw \¼À Iev]\bn Xsâ IognepÅ CShIhnImcnamtcmSv C§s\ \nÀtZin¨p: ""FÃm CShIIfnepw Hcp ]Ån kvIqÄ DWvSmbncn¡Ww. aebmfw hmb\, Fgp¯v, IW¡v apXembh ]Tn¸n¡m³ {XmWnbpÅ Hcp Bim\pw... hoSpIÄ A§pan§pw InS¡p¶Xmb CShIIfn ss]X§Ä¡p kuIcyambn h¶p IqSm\mbn... Bhiyw t]mse ctWvSm aqt¶m ]Ån¡qS§Ä Øm]n¡p¶Xn\v DÕmln¡Ww.''

saUvent¡m«v sa{Xmsâbpw At±ls¯ ]n´pSÀ¶p Øm\taä amÀ B³{Uqkv Xmg¯phscbpÅ sa{Xm·mcpsSbpw sa{Xmt¸meo¯amcpsSbpw t\XrXz¯n It¯men¡mkapZmbw hnZym`ymkw, BXpcip{iqjm cwK§fn \ÂInb kw`mh\IÄ A]mcamWv. C¡mcy¯n tIcf¯nse Hmtcm It¯men¡m AXncq]Xbv¡pw cq]Xbv¡pw Xpeyamb Ncn{XamWv AhImis¸Sm\pÅXv. B tkh\ Ncn{X¯n\p \ymbambn e`nt¡WvS AwKoImcw \ntj[n¡s¸«XmWv amÀ B³{Uqkv Xmg¯ns\ ]cmXnbpw {]Xntj[hpw IeÀ¶ Is¯gpXm³ t{]cn¸n¨sX¶p a\knem¡Ww.

AÀlamb AwKoImcw \ntj[n¡s¸Sp¶Xnsâbpw A\mhiy _p²nap«pIÄ t\cntSWvSnhcp¶Xnsâbpw kmlNcyw {InkvXy³ kapZmb¯n\p ap¼pw A`napJoIcnt¡WvSnh¶n«pWvSv. 1972 \S¶ tImfPv hnZym`ymk {]t£m`w AXnsem¶mbncp¶p. kzImcy FbvUUv tImfPpIsf \nebv¡p \nÀ¯ms\¶ t]cn sjUpIÄ sI«n tImfPpIÄ \S¯m³hsc kac¡mÀ BtemNn¡pIbpWvSmbn. ]n¡me¯v AXnsâ AesbmenIÄ XoÀ¶Xpt]mse BÀ¨v_nj]v amÀ B³{Uqkv Xmg¯v DbÀ¯nhn« kwhmZ¯nsâ AesbmenIfpw \nebv¡mw. F¦nepw At±lw DbÀ¯n¡m«nb {]iv\§fpsS {]kàn Ahkm\n¡nÃ.

tIcf¯nse hnZym`ymkcwKw Ip¯gnªncn¡p¶psh¶ hnebncp¯ÂXs¶bmWp sslt¡mSXn ]pds¸Sphn¨ CS¡me D¯chneqsS \mw ImWp¶Xv. hnZym`ymkcwKhpambn _Ôs¸« GXp NÀ¨Ifpw CXpambn _Ôs¸« {]iv\§sf¡qSn DÄs¡mÅn¨psImWvSmhWw. BÀ¨v_nj]v amÀ B³{Uqkv Xmg¯v NqWvSn¡mWn¨ {]iv\§Ä ]SÀ¶pIbdp¶ Xe§fmWnh.






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