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Bcpw tIÄ¡m¯ \nehnfnIÄ

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{]tXyI teJI³

ØnXnKXnIÄ A\pZn\w hjfmbnhcp¶ ]Ýntajy temI¯nsâ a\kn DW§m¯ apdnhmbn amdpIbmWv. Cdm¡pw kndnbbpw GXm\pw hÀj§fmbn B`y´cbp²¯nsâ ]nSnbnemWv. Cdm¡n hoWvSpw t]mcm«w apdpInbt¸mÄ kndnb hmÀ¯Ifn \n¶p amdn. Ct¸mÄ Kmkbnse C{ktbÂþ lamkv bp²w temI a\xkm£nsb thZ\n¸n¨psImWvSncn¡p¶p.

CXn\nSbn AhnsS temIw ImWmsX t]mIp¶ apdnhpIfpw ]oU\§fpw Gsd. ]Ýntajybn Ct¸mÄ \S¡p¶ B`y´c Iem]§fpsS Gähpw henb CcIfmbn AhnSs¯ ss{IkvXhÀ amdnbncn¡p¶p. Cdm¡nÂ\n¶pw kndnbbnÂ\n¶pw ss{IkvXhÀ B«ntbmSn¡s¸SpIbmWv. XmcXtay\ im´sa¶p IcpXs¸«ncp¶ e_\\nÂ\n¶pt]mepw AhÀ ]emb\w sN¿m³ \nÀ_ÔnXcmIp¶p. Poh\pthWvSn hoSpw kz¯pw F¶pthWvS X§Ä¡pÅsXÃmw Dt]£n¨p \mSphnSp¶ Cu lX`mKycpsS s\m¼c§Ä hmÀ¯IfnÂt]mepw hcp¶nÃ. Kmkbnsebpw aäpw hnem]§fn AsXÃmw ap§nt¸mhp¶p.

Cdm¡n AÂamenIn kÀ¡mcns\Xntc t]mcmSp¶ kp¶n hnaXcmb sFFkvsFF (CkvemanIv tÌäv C³ Cdm¡v B³Uv sehâv) ss{IkvXhÀ¡v A´yimk\w \ÂInbncn¡pIbmWv. Ckvemante¡p aX]cnhÀ¯\w sN¿pItbm Asæn aX\nIpXn (Hcp IpSpw_¯n\v GItZiw 470 tUmfÀ) sImSp¡pItbm sN¿m¯hÀ h[n¡s¸Spsa¶mWv sFFkvsFF (Ct¸mÄ sFFkv) samkqfnse ss{IkvXhÀ¡p \ÂInb ap¶dnbn¸v. ss{IkvXhcpsS hoSpIfpsS ap¶n Xncn¨dnbp¶Xn\p {]tXyI ap{Zbpw ]Xn¸n¨p. C§s\ hn«pt]mIp¶hcpsS ]Whpw kzÀWhpw hml\§fpsaÃmw `oIcÀ IhÀ¨sN¿p¶p.

Cdm¡nse cWvSmas¯ henb \KcamWp samkqÄ. ]pcmX\ ss{IkvXh A[nhmk tIµ§fnsem¶mWnXv. Hcn¡Â 60,000 ss{IkvXhÀ AhnsS Xmakn¨ncp¶p. AhnsS\n¶p ss{IkvXhÀ `qcn`mKhpw CXn\Iw ]emb\w sNbvXpIgnªp. Ahcn `qcn`mKhpw Cdm¡nse IpÀZv taJebnepÅ CÀ_n ]«W¯nemWv A`bw {]m]n¨Xv. samkqfnÂ\n¶p ]emb\w sN¿p¶ ss{IkvXhÀ¡v A`bw \ÂImsa¶p {^m³kv Adnbn¨n«pWvSv.

{InkvXpinjy\mb tXmamÇolbmWv F.Un. H¶mw \qämWvSn Cdm¡n {InkvXpaXw sImWvSph¶Xv. 1987þ Cdm¡nse P\kwJybpsS F«p iXam\w (GItZiw 15 e£w) ss{IkvXhcmbncp¶p. 2003þ AXv A©piXam\ambn Ipdªp. Cdm¡v bp²¯n\ptijw AXp Xosc Ipdªp. 2013þ Cdm¡nse ss{IkvXhcpsS kwJy shdpw cWvSpe£ambn XmWp. _m¡nbpÅhcpw Ct¸mÄ kp¶n hnaXcpsS `ojWnsb¯pSÀ¶v Cdm¡v hnSpIbmWv.

C§s\ Hcphn`mKw P\§sf Cdm¡n \n¶v B«ntbmSn¡p¶Xp hyàamb ]²XnItfmsSbmWv. X§Ä ]nSns¨Sp¯ Cdm¡nsebpw kndnbbnsebpw `qhn`mK§Ä DÄs¸Sp¯n Hcp CkvemanIv cmPyw (Jment^äv) kp¶n hnaXÀ {]Jym]n¨p. sFFkvsFF ta[mhn A_p_¡À A _mKvZmZnsb Jeo^bmbpw hmgn¨p. temIsa§papÅ apkvenwIÄ At±ls¯ A\pkcn¡Wsa¶ \nÀtZihpw ]pds¸Sphn¨p. Cdm¡nse Znbme {]hniy apX kndnbbnse Bet¸m hscbmWv CkvemanIv cmPy¯nsâ AXnÀ¯nbmbn \nÝbn¨Xv.

Cu km{amPyw hnIkn¡p¶tXmsS kao]s¯ FantdäpIfpsSbpw cmPy§fpsSbpw kwLS\IfpsSbpw \nba km[pX CÃmXmIpsa¶v sFFkvsFF hàmhv ]dªp. sImtfmWnb iànIÄ \nÀWbn¨ tZiob AXnÀ¯nIÄ am\n¡msX GI t\Xmhnsâ (Jeo^) IognepÅ CkvemanIv dn¸»n¡mWv AhÀ hn`mh\w sN¿p¶Xv. H¶mw temIalmbp²¯n\p tijw CÃmXmb Hmt«mam³ km{amPy¯nse kp¯m\mbncp¶p CXn\p ap¼s¯ Jeo^.

2010 \hw_dn Cdm¡nXeØm\amb _mKvZmZn {InkvXy³ tZhmeb¯nepWvSmb `oIcm{IaW¯n 58 t]À sImÃs¸«ncp¶p. 75 t]À¡p ]cnt¡äp. sk³{S _mKvZmZnse IcmZbn Akodnb³ k`bpsS IognepÅ HuhÀ teUn Hm^v kmÂthj³ tZhmeb¯nembncp¶p kw`hw.

cm{Xnbn hnip²IpÀ_m\ \S¶psImWvSncnt¡ tZhmeb¯n\pÅnte¡v Cc¨pIbdnb tXm¡p[mcnIÄ hnizmknIsf _µnIfm¡n. XpSÀ¶v _µnIsf tamNn¸n¡p¶Xn\mbn ssk\yw cwKs¯¯n. AÂIzbvZbpsS IognepÅ CÉmanIv tÌäv Hm^v Cdm¡vv F¶ `oIckwLS\bmbncp¶p B{IaW¯n\p ]n¶nÂ. Cdm¡nse ss{IkvXhscÃmw X§fpsS e£yamsW¶pw AhÀ h[n¡s¸tSWvSXpsWvS¶pw Cu kwLS\ sh_vsskäneqsS HmUntbm ktµi¯n ap¶dnbn¸p \evIn.

Cdm¡nsâ AbÂcmPyamb kndnbbnepw Gsd hyXykvXaà ss{IkvXhcpsS ØnXn. kndnbbnse aq¶phÀjw \oWvS B`y´c Iem]s¯¯pSÀ¶v AhnsSbpWvSmbncp¶ e£¡W¡n\p ss{IkvXhcn ]IpXnbpw cmPyw hnSm³ \nÀ_ÔnXcmbn. kndnbbnse P\kwJybn ]¯piXam\t¯mfw ss{IkvXhcmbncp¶p. kndnb

bn Ct¸mgpÅ ss{IkvXhcn `qcn`mKhpw XeØm\amb UamkvIknemWv.

kndnbbnse Bet¸mbnÂ\n¶v cWvSv HmÀ¯tUmIvkv BÀ¨v_nj¸pamsc hnaXÀ X«ns¡mWvSpt]mbXv IgnªhÀjw G{]nenemWv. Chsc¸än Ct¸mgpw hnhcsam¶panÃ. kndnb³ HmÀ¯tUmIvkv k`bpsS BÀ¨v_nj]v tbml¶ C{_mlnw, {Ko¡v HmÀ¯tUmIvkv k`bpsS BÀ¨v_nj]v _utemkv bkoKn F¶nhscbmWp X«ns¡mWvSpt]mbXv. {]knUâv _jmÀ A AkmZns\Xntc t]mcmSp¶ hnaXcmWp X«ns¡mWvSpt]mIen\p ]n¶nse¶mWp kndnbbnse HutZymKnI hmÀ¯m GP³knbmb k\ dnt¸mÀ«v sNbvXXv.

XpÀ¡n AXnÀ¯nbn hnaXcpsS \nb{´W¯nepÅ _m_v AÂlhm t{ImknwKn \n¶v Bet¸mbnte¡p BÀ¨v_nj¸pamÀ Imdn aS§pt¼mgmWv HcpkwLw Bbp[[mcnIÄ ImÀ XSªp\nÀ¯n ss{Uhsd h[n¨Xpw BÀ¨v_nj¸pamsc X«ns¡mWvSpt]mbXpw. t\cs¯ A{IanIÄ X«ns¡mWvSpt]mb cWvSp sshZnIcpsS tamN\w kw_Ôn¨ Imcy§Ä¡mWv BÀ¨p_nj¸pamÀ _m_v AÂlhm taJebnse¯nbsX¶p ]dbs¸Sp¶p.

kndnbbnse AkmZv `cWIqS¯ns\Xntc t]mcmSp¶ sFFkvsFF GXm\pwamkw ap¼v cWvSp t]sc Ipcnin¯d¨psIm¶p. XShpImcmbn ]nSn¨ Ggp t]cpsS h[in£ \S¸m¡nbXn csWvS®w IpcnipacWambncp¶p. CsXÃmw Hcp kqN\bmWv.

kndnbbnse Iem]¯nsâ A\pcW\§Ä AbÂcmPyamb e_\\nte¡pw ]SÀ¶pIgnªp. jnbm, kp¶n hn`mK§Ä X½nepÅ Gäpap«ensâ _m¡n]{Xsat¶mWw e_\\nse ss{IkvXhcpw AhnsS\n¶p ]emb\w sN¿m³ \nÀ_ÔnXcmhpIbmWv. ]Ýntajy apgph³ Ad_v hk´¯nsâ amsämenIÄ Dbcpt¼mÄ e_\\p am{Xambn F§s\ amdn\n¡m\mhpw?

1926þ e_\³ cmPyw HutZymKnIambn {]Jym]n¡s¸Spt¼mÄ P\kwJybn 84 iXam\w ss{IkvXhcmbncp¶p. F¶m 2014þ e_\\nse ss{IkvXhcpsS kwJy 22 iXam\ambn Ipdªp. e_\sâ cmjv{Sobhpw kmaqlnIhpw kmwkvImcnIhpamb hfÀ¨bn AhnSs¯ ss{IkvXhÀ henb ]¦mWp hln¨Xv. aäpÅ hn`mK§sf At]£n¨p {]mtbW k¼¶cmWp e_\\nse ss{IkvXhÀ. F¶mÂ, jnbmþ kp¶n t]mcm«w aqew k¼¯pw kz¯phIIfpsaÃmw Dt]£n¨p e_\³ hnSm³ \nÀ_ÔnXcmhpIbmWv AXn\nSbnÂs¸«p sRcp§p¶ ss{IkvXhÀ. GItZiw 60,000 ss{IkvXhÀ e_\³ hn«p. Hcpe£t¯mfw t]À hnhn[ hntZi Fw_knIfn hok At]£ \ÂInbn«pWvSv.

CuPn]vän XpS§nb Ad_v hk´w ]Ýntajybnse IqSpX cmPy§fnte¡p hym]n¡pt¼mÄ AhnS§fnse ss{IkvXh kaql§Ä \ne\nÂ]n\p thWvSnbpÅ t]mcm«¯nemWv.


AbÂ]¡ _Ôhpw BWthmÀPhpw

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temIhnNmcw / skÀPn BâWn

\tc{µ tamZnbpsS kXy{]XnÚm NS§n ]m¡nØm³ {][m\a{´n \hmkv sjco^pw kmÀIv cmjv{S¯eh·mcpw F¯nbXp ]pXnb kÀ¡mcnsâ hntZi\b¯nsâ Nne kqN\IÄ \ÂIp¶Xmbncp¶p. taJebnse {]apJ cmPysa¶ \nebn AbÂcmPy§fpambn X{´{][m\amb _Ôw Du«nbpd¸n¡m\pÅ {iaambn cmj{Sob\nco£IÀ CXns\ hnebncp¯pIbpw sNbvXp. ]t£ AXn\ptijw Imcyamb \o¡§sfm¶pw DWvSmbn«nÃ.

hnhn[ cmjv{St\Xm¡fpbpÅ NÀ¨bpw hntZibm{Xbpsams¡bmbn kabw t]mbXpsImWvSmhmw AbÂ]¡ \bX{´¯n ]n¶oSp Imcyamb \o¡sam¶pw \S¶nÃ. CXn\nsS {_koen \S¶ {_nIvkv D¨tImSnbnÂh¨p ssN\okv {]knUâv jn Pn³]nwKpambpw djy³ {]knUâv hvfmZnanÀ ]pSn\pambpw \nÀWmbIamb Nne NÀ¨IÄ tamZn \S¯pIbpw sNbvXp. {_koente¡pÅ bm{Xmat[y PÀa\nbn Cd§nsb¦nepw At¸mÄ PÀa³ Nm³keÀ BwKe saÀ¡ens\ ImWm\mbnÃ. ]t£, aS¡bm{Xbn Ccphcpw IqSn¡mgvN \S¯pIbpw sNbvXp.

CXnseÃmw {][m\w ]m¡nØm\pambpÅ NÀ¨IÄ ]p\cmcw`n¡p¶XpXs¶. cWvSp hÀjs¯ CSthfbv¡ptijw ASp¯ HmKÌv 25\v C´y³ hntZiImcy sk{I«dn kpPmXm knwKpw ]mIv hntZiImcy sk{I«dn sFkmkv Al½Zv Nu[cnbpw IqSn¡mgvN \nÝbn¨n«pWvSv. Ckvemam_mZnÂh¨mhpw Cu IqSn¡mgvN. tamZnbpw \hmkv sjco^pambpÅ IqSn¡mgvNbv¡p Ifsamcp¡m\mWv hntZiImcy sk{I«dnamÀ t\cn ImWp¶Xv. \yqtbmÀ¡n bpF³ s]mXpk`bn ]s¦Sp¡m³ Ccpt\Xm¡fpw F¯p¶pWvSv. B Ahkc¯n NÀ¨bmImw F¶mWnt¸mgs¯ IW¡pIq«Â.

{][m\a{´namcpsS IqSn¡mgvNbv¡pÅ AP³U Xbmdm¡pI F¶ `mcn¨ tPmenbpw cWvSp hntZiImcy sk{I«dnamÀ¡papWvSv. C¡mcy¯n ]e Iodmap«nIfpw AhÀ¡p ap¶nepWvSv. hokm \S]SnIÄ eLqIcn¡Â kw_Ôn¨ IcmÀ, \nb{´WtcJbnse shSn\nÀ¯Â ewL\w, hym]mccwK¯v Gsd XmXv]cyapÅ cmPysa¶ ]Zhn C¯cw hnjb§fn [mcWbnse¯pI A{X Ffp¸amhnÃ. AXnÀ¯nbn shSnsbm¨ \nebv¡msX F§s\ CcpcmPy§fpw X½nepÅ hnizmk \nÀamW bÚw \S¡pw Fs¶mcp tNmZyw C´ybpsS `mK¯p\n¶pbcp¶p. AXnÀ¯n IS¶pÅ `oIc{]hÀ¯\w, {]tIm]\anÃmsX AXnÀ¯nbn \S¡p¶ shSnhbv]v, P½pþImjvaocn A´mcmjv{S AwKoImcapÅ AXnÀ¯nbpsS AwKoImcw C¯cw Imcy§fn bmsXmXp hn«phogvNbpansöp hntZiImcy kla{´nbpw ap³ Ictk\m[n]\pamb P\d hn.sI. knwKv ]mÀesaân hyàam¡pIbpw sNbvXn«pWvSv.

AbÂ]¡w hn«p aäp ]e cmPy§fpambpw {][m\a{´n \tc{µ tamZn A[nIw sshImsX NÀ¨ \S¯p¶pWvSv. sk]väw_À BZyw P¸m³ {][m\a{´n jn³tkm Bt_bpambn tSm¡ntbmhnemhpw NÀ¨. CtX¯pSÀ¶v Hmkvt{Senb³ {][m\a{´n tSmWn B_«pambn NÀ¨. B_«nsâ C´ym kµÀi\w sk]väw_À BZyhmcw Xs¶bmWv. ssN\okv {]knUâv jn Pn³]nwKv sk]väw_dn C´y kµÀin¡psa¶mWv Adnbn¨ncn¡p¶Xv. XobXn C\nbpw \nÝbn¨n«nÃ. sk]väw_À Ahkm\w Atacn¡ kµÀin¡m\mWp tamZnbpsS ¹m³. AhnsSh¨mhpw {]knUâv _dmIv H_mabpambpÅNÀ¨. KpPdm¯v Iem]¯nsâ t]cn tamZn¡p {]thi\w \ntj[n¨ cmPyamWv Atacn¡. AsXms¡ ]gb ImcyamsW¶mWv Ct¸mÄ AhcpsS \ne]mSv. F¶p am{XaÃ, tamZnbpsS kµÀi\¯n\v Atacn¡ henb {]m[m\yw \ÂIp¶papWvSv.

{][m\a{´nbmIp¶Xn\pap¼pXs¶ C{ktben kµÀi\w \S¯nb tamZn AhnsS hoWvSpw F¯msa¶p hm¡p \ÂInbmWp aS§nbXv. ap³ bp]nF, F³UnF kÀ¡mcpIfpsS Ime¯v C{ktbepambn \à _ÔamWp ]peÀ¯nt¸m¶Xv. ImÀKn bp²Ime¯v A¶s¯ D]{][m\a{´n FÂ.sI. AUzm\n C{ktbensâ klmbw tXSn AhnsS F¯nbncp¶p. Kmkbnse Ct¸mgs¯ kmlNcyhpw ]Ýntajybnse s]mXphmb A´co£hpw tamZnbpsS C{ktb kµÀi\w Gsd sshIm³ CShcp¯pw.

ASp¯ Znhk§fn temIt\Xm¡fn ]ecpambpw {][m\a{´n \tc{µ tamZn \S¯p¶ NÀ¨Ifn C´ybpsS BWh]²XnIfpambn _Ôs¸« NÀ¨ Hcp {][m\ hnjbamWv. Hmkvt{Senb³ {][m\a{´n tSmWn B_«nsâ kµÀi¯nsâ {][m\ e£y§fnsem¶v C´y¡p bptd\nbw hnev¡p¶Xpambn _Ôs¸« IcmdmWv. CXpambn _Ôs¸«v Hmkvt{SenbbnÂ\n¶pÅ D¶XXe DtZymKØ kwLw C´y kµÀin¨ncp¶p. \hw_dn \S¡p¶ Pn20 D¨tImSnbn ]s¦Sp¡m³ tamZn \hw_dn Hmkvt{Senbbnse¯p¶pWvSv.

BWthmÀP ]²XnIfpambn apt¶m«pt]mIm\pÅ \o¡¯nemWp tamZn kÀ¡mÀ. CXns\Xntc iàamb {]Xntj[w DbÀ¶n«psWvS¦nepw C¡mcy¯nepw ]gb kÀ¡mcnsâ \bw IqSpX iàambn apt¶m«p sImWvSpt]mIm\mWp tamZnbpsS \o¡w. BWthmÀPhhpambn _Ôs¸« tamZn t\cn«p \S¯p¶ NÀ¨IÄ C¡mcyw hyàam¡p¶pWvSv. knhnenb³ Bhiy§Ä¡mbpÅ BWh klIcW IcmÀ P¸m\pambn H¸phbv¡p¶Xn\pÅ \o¡w P¸m³ kµÀi\ thfbn ^eh¯mtb¡pw.

apwss_bnse `m`m AWpiàn KthjWtI{µ¯nse (_mÀIv) imkv{XÚsc ASp¯Ime¯v A`nkwt_m[\ sN¿th ASp¯ ]¯phÀj¯n\pÅn cmPy¯nsâ BWthmÀP DXv]mZ\w aq¶nc«nbm¡m³ e£yanSWsa¶p {][m\a{´n \nÀtZin¨ncp¶p. BWthmÀPw hmWnPy]cambn em`IcamsW¶pw ZoÀLImemSnØm\¯n CXc DÀPt{kmXkpIsf At]£n¨v CXmWp {]tbmP\{]Zsa¶pw tamZn A`n{]mb¸«ncp¶p. tamZnbpsS Cu A`n{]mb{]IS\w BWhhncp²cpsS CSbn h³ {]Xntj[¯n\v CSbm¡nbn«pWvSv. IqSwIpfw kaccwK¯pÅhÀ iàamb {]Xntj[hpambn cwKs¯¯n¡gnªp.

Atacn¡bpambpÅ NÀ¨Ifnepw BWhhnjbwXs¶ ap³KW\bnepWvSmIpw. Atacn¡³ tÌäv sk{I«dn tPm¬ sIdnbpambn ASp¯p\S¡p¶ NÀ¨Ifn CXn\pÅ ASn¯d CSpw. BWthmÀP DXv]mZ\hpambn _Ôs¸« AkwkvIrX hkvXp¡Ä \ÂIp¶hcpsS D¯chmZnXzw kw_Ôn¨p Nne XÀ¡§Ä \nehnepWvSv. IqSwIpf¯n\p klmbw \ÂIp¶ djybpambpw Cu XÀ¡apWvSbncp¶p.

BWh hkvXp¡fpsS hnXcW¡mcsS {Kq¸n (F³FkvPn) tNcm\pÅ C´ybpsS At]£ C\nbpw ]cnKWn¡s¸«n«nÃ. AÀPâo\bn Ignª amkw \S¶ F³FkvPn tbmK¯nepw C¡mcyw NÀ¨bvs¡Sp¯nÃ.

BWhcwK¯v C´ybpsS FÃm \o¡§sfbpw kwibZrãntbmsSbmhpw ]m¡nØm\pw ssN\bpw ho£n¡pI. kam[m\¯n\pw hnIk\¯n\pw thWvSnbpÅ BWthmÀPw F¶ C´ybpsS \bw AhÀ¡v A{X s]s«¶p Zlns¨¶phcnÃ. F´mbmepw hnIk\hpw AbÂ]¡ kulrZhpsams¡ kaXpenXam¡n sImWvSpt]mhpIsb¶Xp XnIª shÃphnfnXs¶.

*** *** ***

P\{]Xn\n[nIfpw `cWIÀ¯m¡fpw P\tkhIcmsW¶mWp hbv]v. ]t£ ]ecpw kzbw tkhn¨p anSp¡cmIp¶XmWp \msams¡ IWvSphcp¶Xv. C´ybn P\{]Xn\n[nIÄ X§fpsS kz¯phnhcw sXcsªSp¸p I½oj\p \ÂIp¶Xp ]pd¯phcm³ XpS§nbtXmsS Cu kzbwtkh\¯nsâ hym]vXn ]eÀ¡pw t_m[ys¸«p XpS§nbn«pWvSv. \nkz³ e£{]`phpw tImSn]Xnbpsams¡bmbn amdp¶ ambmPmeamWhnsS \S¡p¶Xv. kz¯p kw_Ôn¨v Hmtcm XhWbpw sImSp¡p¶ kXyhmMvaqe¯n CXp Ipsdsbms¡ hyàamIpw.

tcJIfnenÃm¯ _n\man kz¯nsâ Imcyw thsd. AXp sXfnbn¡m³ Bcpw sa\s¡SmdpanÃ. CXv C´ybnse am{Xw IYbÃ. Hs«Ãm temIcmjv{S§fnepw CsXms¡¯s¶bmWv Act§dp¶Xv. tUmkv IqSnbpw Ipdªpsams¡bncn¡psa¶p am{Xw. cmPywXs¶ hnebvs¡Sp¡m³ {]m]vXnbpÅ Nne `cWm[nImcnIfpw DWvSv.

sNt¡mtÉmhmIy ]nfÀ¶pWvSmb tÉmhmIybpsS ]pXnb {]knUâv Bt{µ In¡m iXtImSoizc\mWv. henb P\]n´pWbpWvSmbncp¶ CSXp]£ t\Xmhpw {][m\a{´nbpambncp¶ tdm_À«v ^nt¡msb ]cmPbs¸Sp¯nbmWv Bt{µ A[nImc¯nse¯nbXv. cmjv{Stkh\¯n\nd§n ImipWvSmt¡WvS KXntIsSm¶pw Bt{µbv¡nÃmbncp¶p. kz´w _nkn\kneqsS ]Ww At±lw thWvSpthmfapWvSm¡n. AXpsImWvSpXs¶bmhpw sXcsªSp¸p {]NmcWIme¯v At±lw Hcp {]Jym]\w \S¯n. A[nImc¯ntednbm Xsâ ASp¯ A©phÀjs¯ i¼fw apgph³ ]mh§Ä¡p \ÂtItb¡msa¶mbncp¶p B hmKvZm\w. bYmÀY¯n Cu i¼fw Bs{µbv¡v shdpw NnÃn¡mipam{Xw.

Cu hmKvZm\¯n hoWn«mtWm F¶dnbnÃ, Bt{µ Pbn¨p. Ignªamkw tÉmhmIybpsS {]knUâpambn. BZyi¼fw In«nþ 5,376 bqtdm. GItZiw \mec e£w cq]. AXp ssItbmsS PohImcpWy {]hÀ¯\¯n\mbn \ÂIn. cmPys¯ Gähpw ]mhs¸« ]¯p t]sc IsWvS¯n Cu ]Ww \ÂIn; F«pt]cpsS _m¦v A¡uWvSnte¡pw. _m¦v A¡uWvSnÃm¯ cWvSpt]À¡v aWntbmÀUdmbpw ]Ww \ÂIn.

{]knUâmbt¸mÄ XpS§nbXà Bt{µ In¡mbpsS PohImcpWy{]hÀ¯\§Ä. _nkn\kv \S¯pt¼mgpw At±lw ]mh§sf ad¶ncp¶nÃ. tÉmhmIybnse Gähpw henb PohImcpWy kwLS\bmb \à amemJ F¶dnbs¸Sp¶ {]Øm\¯neqsS, AkpJ_m[nXcmb Ipªp§sfbpw AhcpsS IpSpw_mwK§sfbpw kwc£n¡p¶ hn]peamb ]²XnIfmWp \S¸m¡nhcp¶Xv. Bt{µ \S¯p¶ PohImcpWy klmb¯nsâ KpWt`màm¡sf¡pdn¨p bmsXmcp hnhchpw ]pd¯phnSnÃ. AXp XnI¨pw clkyw. heXpssI sN¿p¶Xv CSXpssI AdnbcpsX¶ \nÀ_Ôw.

\½psS \m«nse t\Xm¡fpw C¯cw amXrIIÄ IWvSp]Tn¨ncps¶¦nÂ. kÀ¡mcnÂ\n¶p In«p¶ ]Ww hm§nsbSp¯p ]mh§Ä¡p \ÂIn AXnsâ t]cn ^vfIvkv \mSp\osf Øm]n¡p¶ kwkvImc¯nÂ\n¶p bYmÀY kmaqlytkh\¯nte¡pÅ Zqcw Gsd hepXmWv.


cmjv{S]nXmhns\ Ahtlfn¡cpXv

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{]^. _n. N{µNqU³ \mbÀ

cmjv{S]nXmhmb almßmKmÔnsb tamiambn Nn{XoIcn¡m³ kÀhIemimemthZnIÄ {]tbmP\s¸Sp¯p¶ _p²nPohnIÄ ]pXnb Xeapdsb hgnsXän¡m³ {ian¡pIbmWv. _p¡À ss{]kv tPXmhmb AcpÔXn tdmbn Ncn{Xw hfs¨mSn¨psImWvSpÅ {]`mjWamWv Pqsse 17\p tIcf kÀhIemimebpsS Ncn{Xhn`mKw \S¯nb cmPym´c skan\mdn \S¯nbXv. Ncn{X¯n\pw hkvXpXIÄ¡pw FXncmWv AhÀ {]ISn¸n¨ A`n{]mbw.

kaql¯nse ZpÀ_ehn`mK§Ä¡pthWvSn A¿¦mfn \S¯nbn«pÅ tkh\§sf eLqIcn¨p ImWm³ Bcpw {ian¨n«nÃ. F¶mÂ, cmjv{S]nXmhmb almßmKmÔn¡p kam\ambn A¿¦mfnsb Nn{XoIcn¡m³ {ian¡p¶Xn AÀYanÃ. D¸pkXy{Kls¯ Zpcm{Klambn ]dbp¶ AcpÔXntdmbn ImjvaoÀ C´ybpsS `mKasöpt]mepw ap¼p ]dªn«pÅbmfmWv. Cu \m«n A`n{]mb kzmX{´yapWvSv F¶ph¨v Bsc¡pdn¨pw F´pw ]dbmsa¶p hnNmcn¡p¶Xp icnbÃ. Aev]t\cs¯ ssIbSn In«pambncn¡mw. ]t£ kzbw sNdpXmhpIbtà sN¿p¶Xv?

C´ybn \ne\n¶ncp¶ NmXpÀhÀWy k{¼Zmbw henb aX¯nsâ N«¡q«nÂ\n¶v D]PmXnIÄ kPohambn DSseSp¡m³ ImcWambn. PmXnhyhØbvs¡Xntc hym]Iamb {]t£m`§Ä ChnsS \S¶n«pWvSv. [mcmfw kmaqly ]cnjvIÀ¯m¡Ä kaql¯nse A\mNmc§Äs¡Xncmbn {]hÀ¯n¨n«papWvSv. F¦nepw PmXnhyhØ C¶v Hcp kXyambn amdnbn«pWvSv. Hmtcm PmXnbpw AhcpsS sFUânän \ne\nÀ¯m³thWvSnbpÅ {ia§Ä \S¯nhcp¶p. Xmgv¶ PmXn¡mÀ¡p IqSpX ]cnKW\ e`n¨phcp¶Xv Ccp]Xmw \qämWvSnse kmaqly ]cnjvIÀ¯m¡fpsS {ia^eambn«mWv.

C´ybpsS `cWLS\m inev]n tUm. _n.BÀ. Awt_ZvIÀ ZpÀ_ehn`mK§fpsS D¶a\¯n\mbn {]hÀ¯n¨ hyànbmWv. alÀ PmXnbn ]nd¶ Awt_ZvIsd cmjv{Sw BZcthmsSbmWp IWvSn«pÅXpw ImWp¶Xpw. kmaqly\oXnbpw kaXzhpw {]Zm\w sN¿p¶ \½psS `cWLS\bn At±l¯nsâ BZÀi§fpw Bib§fpw DS\ofw {]Xn^en¨n«pWvSv.

`cWLS\ ZpÀ_ehn`mK§Ä¡v 1950 apX \ÂInb kwhcWm\pIqey§Ä Ct¸mgpw XpScpIbmWv. kwhcW hn`mK¯nse {Ioansebdn\v B\pIqey§Ä¡p ]cn[n \nÝbn¨psImWvSpw ZpÀ_ehn`mK§Ä¡pÅ kwhcWm\pIqey§Ä icnh¨psImWvSpw DbÀ¶ PmXnbnse ]¯piXam\w BfpIÄ¡p kwhcWm\pIqey§Ä \ÂIns¡mWvSpw 1992se CµncmkmÓn tIkn kp{]owtImSXn hn[n {]kvXmhn¨p. Cu kp{]owtImSXn hn[nsb `cWLS\bpsS 93þmw t`ZKXnbneqsS ]mÀesaâpw icnhbv¡pIbpWvSmbn. FÃm hn`mKw BfpIÄ¡pw kmaqly\oXn Dd¸m¡ns¡mWvSpÅ \S]SnIfmWp \S¶phcp¶Xv.

D¸p\nIpXn hÀ[n¸n¨Xns\XntcbpÅ kacamWp KmÔnPnbpsS ZÞnkXy{Klw F¶v AcpÔXn tdmbv a\knem¡nbXp XoÀ¯pw AÚXXs¶bmWv. {_n«ojv kÀ¡mcns\Xntc e£¡W¡n\mfpIsf AWn\nc¯nb kac]cn]mSn F§s\ Zpcm{KlamIpw?

\nklIcW {]Øm\w ]cmPbs¸«Xn\ptijw 1928emWp KmÔnPn kPoh cmjv{Sob¯nte¡p IS¶phcp¶Xv. 1929 emtlmdn \S¶ tIm¬{Kkv kt½f\w C´y¡p sUmao\nb³ ]Zhn F¶ ap{ZmhmIyw Dt]£n¡pIbpw ]qÀW kzcmPmWp e£ysa¶p {]Jym]n¡pIbpw sNbvXp. emtlmÀ {]tab¯nsâ ASnØm\¯nemWv A¶s¯ KhÀWÀ P\dembncp¶ CÀhn³ {]`phn\v 11 Bhiy§fS§nb A´yimk\w tIm¬{Kkv \ÂInbXv. ssk\nIcpsSbpw aäv DtZymKØcpsSbpw i¼fw ]IpXnbmbn Npcp¡pI, k¼qÀW aZy\ntcm[\w GÀs¸Sp¯pI, cmjv{Sob XShpImsc \ncp]m[nIw tamNn¸n¡pI, clkymt\zjW hIp¸v ]cnjvIcn¡pI, tXm¡pIÄ ssIhiwhbv¡m\pÅ \nbaw t`ZKXn sN¿pI, cq]bpw ]uWvSv sÌÀenwKpw X½nepÅ aqeyhyXymkw eLqIcn¡pI, sSIvssÌ hnZym`ymkw kwc£n¡pI, C´y¡mÀ¡pw kap{Z¯neqsSbpÅ KXmKXw A\phZn¡pI, `q\nIpXn ]IpXnbmbn Npcp¡pI, D¸nt·epÅ \nIpXnbpw kÀ¡mcnsâ Ip¯Ibpw FSp¯pIfbpI XpS§nbhbmbncp¶p Bhiy§Ä.

Cu Bhiy§fn Xocpam\w DWvSmIm¯XpsImWvSmWp tIm¬{Kkv knhn \nbaewL\¯n\v Blzm\w \ÂInbXv. knhn \nbaewL\ ]cn]mSn¡p t\XrXzw \ÂIm³ emtlmÀ kt½f\w NpaXes¸Sp¯nbXp KmÔnPnsbbmbncp¶p. At±l¯n\v CãapÅ Øe¯pw kuIcyapÅ kab¯pw Bcw`n¡msa¶pw \nÀtZin¡s¸«p.

\nbaewL\ {]Øm\w F§s\ Bcw`n¡msa¶v 1930 P\phcnbn k_ÀaXn B{iaw kµÀin¨ almIhn cho{µ\mY SmtKmdpambn KmÔnPn IqSnbmtemN\ \S¯n. F¶mÂ, Hcp Xocpam\¯nepsa¯m³ km[n¨nÃ. Hcp DÄhnfn {]Xo£n¨psImWvSv Znhk§tfmfw At±lw BtemN\maá\mbn Ccp¶p. Ahkm\amWv D¸p\nba¯nse hyhØIÄ ewLn¡pI F¶ DÄhnfn DWvSmbXv. B Xocpam\w CÀhn³ {]`phns\ tcJmaqew Adnbn¡pIbpw sNbvXp. ssek³knÃmsX D¸p\nÀan¡pI, D¸p]oSnIIÄ k¶²{]hÀ¯Iscs¡mWvSp ]n¡äv sN¿n¸n¡pI, AXnsâ {]NmcW¯n\mbn ZÞnbm{X kwLSn¸n¡pI F¶nhbmbncp¶p ]²Xn.

XoÀ¯pw {]XoImßIambncp¶p D¸nt·epÅ kac]cn]mSn. D¸p\nÀamWw A¡me¯p kÀ¡mÀ Ip¯Ibmbncp¶p. D¸f§Ä \ntcm[nX taJeIfpambncp¶p. D¸nt·Â am{Xaà aäp \ntXym]tbmK km[\§fnepw kÀ¡mÀ \nIpXn hÀ[n¸n¨ncp¶p. C´ybpsSta {_n«\pÅ B[n]Xyw XpS¨pamäm\pÅ tZiob hm©bpsS {]XoIambncp¶p ZÞnbm{Xbpw D¸pkXy{Klhpw.

k_ÀaXn B{ia¯nÂ\n¶p KpPdm¯nse Pem]qcn\p kao]apÅ ZÞn F¶ D¸f{]tZit¯¡p kXy{Kl¯n\p ]cnioe\w e`n¨ 78 k¶² tkhIÀs¡m¸w amÀ¨v 12\p KmÔnPn bm{X XpS§n. “cLp]Xn cmLh cmPmdmw’ F¶ `P\KoXw Be]n¨v 241 ssa ImÂ\Sbmbn k©cn¨v 24 Znhk¯n\ptijw ZÞnbn F¯nt¨À¶p. kakvX PohPme§Ä¡pw AXy´mt]£nXamb `£W¯nse Hcp LSIamWv D¸v. Idnbn tNÀ¡m\mbn Hcp ho«½ Ds¸Sp¡pt¼mÄ ZÞnbn \S¡p¶ D¸pkXy{Kl¯nte¡v AhcpsS {i²Xncnbpw. AXpt]mse et£m]e£w BfpIfpsS {i² tZiob {]Øm\¯nte¡v BIÀjn¡m³thWvSnbmWv D¸pkXy{Klw \S¯nbXv.

G{]n 16\v cmhnse ZÞn IS¸pd¯v F¯nt¨À¶ KmÔn kap{Zkv\m\¯n\pw Pet¯mSpIqSnb Ipd¨v Ds¸Sp¯p apIfntebv¡v Fdnªp. A§s\bmWp kÀ¡mcnsâ \ntcm[\ \nbaw ewLn¨Xv. kao]¯p\n¶ ktcmPn\n \mbnUp At¸mÄ KmÔnPnsb “tem t{_¡À’ F¶p kwt_m[\sNbvXp. ZÞnbn am{Xaà _wKmfnepw s]jhmdnepw almcmjv{Sbnse tjmem¸qcnepw Xangv\m«nse thZmcWy¯pw ae_mdnepw IÀWmSI¯nepsams¡ kam´c D¸pkXy{Kl§Ä tIm¬{Kkv ]mÀ«n kwLSn¸n¨ncp¶p.

CtX¯pSÀ¶p tIm¬{Kkns\ {_n«ojv C´ybnse kÀ¡mÀ \ntcm[n¨p. PhlÀem s\lvdp, kp`mjv N{µt_mkv, kÀZmÀ ]t«Â XpS§nb t\Xm¡fS¡w 60,000 t]À XShnem¡s¸«p. 29 Øe§fn P\§Ä A{IamkàambXns\¯pSÀ¶p t]meokv shSnhbv]p \S¯n. \qdn¸cw BfpIÄ h[n¡s¸«p. Bbnc¡W¡n\mfpIÄ¡p apdnthäp. cmPy¯v C{X sshImcnIamb Hcp P\apt¶ä¯n\p hgnsbmcp¡nb D¸pkXy{Klw KmÔnPnbpsS Zpcm{Klambncps¶¶v AcpÔXn tdmbn AÃmsX aämcpw ]dbpsa¶p tXm¶p¶nÃ.

knhn \nbaewL\ {]Øm\¯nsâ ]cmPbw kzbw Gäphm§ns¡mWvSp KmÔnPn tIm¬{KknÂ\n¶p cmPnh¨p. XpSÀ¶p lcnP\ D²mcW¯n\mbmWp PohnXw \o¡nh¨Xv. Xsâ ]{Xm[n]Xy¯n ]q\bnÂ\n¶p lcnP³ F¶ hmcnI Bcw`n¨p. sXm«pIqSm¯hsc `Khm³ hnjvWphnsâ k´XnIfmbmWv At±lw t\m¡n¡WvSXv. lcnP\§Ä¡p t£{X{]thi\¯n\p thWvS FÃm \nba\S]SnIsfbpw At±lw kzmKXw sNbvXp. D¶XIpePmXcmb BfpIÄ¡p ZpÀ_e hn`mK§tfmSpÅ s]cpamä¯n am\knIamb ]cnhÀ¯\w DWvSm¡m\mWv At±lw {ian¨Xv. AhÀ¡pthWvSn kw`mh\IÄ kzoIcn¡pIbpw AhtcmsSm¸w Xmakn¡pIbpw sNbvXp.

almßmKmÔnsb¡pdn¨p IfhmWp ]Tn¸n¨phcp¶Xv Fs¶ms¡ ]dbp¶Xp ip² Akw_ÔamWv. tZiob {]Øm\¯nsâ \mbI\mbncp¶ almßmKmÔnsb C¶v C´ybpsS cmjv{S]nXmhmbn temIw apgph³ BZcn¡p¶p. At±l¯nsâ {]kwK§fpw {]`mjW§fpw IrXnIfpw am\hcmin¡p sam¯ambn {]tNmZ\w \ÂIp¶p. A§s\bpÅ almßmhns\ XcwXmgv¯n ImWn¡m³ \S¯nb {iaw AhÚtbmsS am{Xta ImWm³ Ignbq.

(Xncph\´]pcw bqWnthgvknän tImfPv Ncn{Xhn`mKw dn«. {]^kdmWp teJI³)


F´p ]än ChÀs¡ms¡?

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A\´]pcn /ZznP³

\½psS ]ctam¶X \oXn]oTamb kp{]owtImSXn¡v F´p ]än? AhnsS Fs´ms¡bmWv \S¡p¶Xv. kao]Ime kw`h§Ä icmicn C´y¡mcsâ a\kn DWvSm¡p¶ A¼c¸mWnXv. h[in£ kw_Ôn¨p cmjv{S]Xn¡p kaÀ¸n¡p¶ ZbmlÀPnbn Xocpam\w FSp¡m³ Akm[mcWamb ImeXmakw DWvSmbm h[in£ Poh]cy´am¡Wsa¶pw Poh³ c£n¡Wsa¶pw hn[n¨ tImSXn Ct¸mÄ Poh³ \in¸n¡p¶Xns\¡pdn¨p NÀ¨ \S¯m³ Bhiys¸«ncn¡p¶p. cmPohv KmÔnsbt¸mse Hcp henb a\pjys\ Iim¸psNbvX tIkn h[in£bv¡p hn[n¡s¸« {]XnIÄt]mepw kp{]owtImSXn hn[nbpsS ASnØm\¯n Pohn¡m\pÅ AhImiw Xncn¨p]nSn¨ \m«nemWv kp{]owtImSXnbpsS Cu \o¡w F¶Xp kpa\kpIsf Bi¦s¸Sp¯p¶p.

FÃm¯c¯nepapÅ sIme]mXI§sf Ipäambn IW¡m¡p¶ `mcX¯n BßlXym{iaw t]mepw Ct¸mgpw IpäamWv. F¶n«pw Zbmh[w A\phZn¡mtam F¶v NÀ¨ \S¯m³ \½psS kp{]owtImSXn \nÀtZin¨ncn¡p¶p. 2014 Pqsse 16 _p[\mgvN `mcX¯nse kp{]owtImSXnbpsS A©wK `cWLS\m s_©v `mcX¯n {]hÀ¯\mßIamb Zbmh[hpw, \nkwKamb Zbmh[hpw \nba]cam¡m\mIptam F¶v NÀ¨ \S¯n F«mgvNbv¡Iw adp]Sn \evIm³ FÃm kwØm\§tfmSpw tI{µ`cW{]tZi§tfmSpw Bhiys¸«tXmsSbmWv Cu hnjbw hoWvSpw `mcX¯n kPohamIp¶Xv.

No^v PÌokv BÀ.Fw. tem[ AS¡apÅ A©wK s_©nsâXmWv Cu \nÀtZiw. C¡mcy¯n tImSXnsb klmbn¡p¶Xn\pÅ Aan¡kv Iyqdnbmbn AUz. A´ymÀPp\nsbbpw tImSXn \ntbmKn¨p. tIma¬ tImkv F¶ k¶²kwLS\ AUz. {]im´v `qj¬ hgn kaÀ¸n¨ s]XpXmXv]cy lÀPnbnemWv kp{]owtImSXnbpsS Cu hn[n. C¡mcy¯n Xocpam\saSp¡m³ tImSXn¡p AhImiansöpw Hcp Xc¯nepapÅ Zbmh[w ]mSnsöpw tI{µkÀ¡mcn\pthWvSn hmZn¨ AtämÀWn P\d apIpÄ tdmlv¯mKn hmZn¨p. C¯c¯n Hcp \nbaw thWsa¦n AXp ]mkmt¡WvSXv ]mÀesaâv BsW¶pw tI{µ kÀ¡mcn\v C¯cw Hcp \nbaw sImWvSphcm³ Dt±iyansöpw At±lw hyàam¡n.

]XnämWvSpIfmbn DbÀ¯s¸Sp¶ Cu Bhiys¯¡pdn¨v C\nbpw \nbak`IÄ Nn´n¡m¯XpsImWvSv tImSXn CSs]SWsa¶mbncp¶p {]im´v `qjWnsâ hmZw. hmZw tI« A©wK s_©v C¡mcy¯n tI{µ kwØm\§tfmSv F«mgvNbv¡Iw A`n{]mbw Adnbn¡m³ Bhiys¸«ncp¡pIbmWv. tI{µkÀ¡mcn\pthWvSn lmPcmb AtämÀWn P\d apIpÄ tdmlv¯mKn DbÀ¯nb tNmZy§Ä¡v D¯csam¶pw ]dbmsXbmWv C¡mcy¯n tZiob kwhmZ¯n\v tImSXn D¯chmbXv. Pohs\Sp¡p¶Xp kw_Ôn¨ \nbaw DWvSm¡p¶Xp kw_Ôn¨ {]iv\¯n Xocpam\saSp¡m³ tImSXn¡v A[nImcw Csöpw AXp \nba\nÀamW k`IfpsS AhImiamsW¶v AtämÀWn P\d XoÀ¯p]dªn«pw kp{]owtImSXn k½Xn¨nÃ.

BßlXym{iaw t]mepw Ipäamb `mcX¯n Zbmh[w Ipäasöv ]dbp¶sX§s\? A´kpÅ acWw F¶v ]dªm F´mWv? Gähpw thZ\ Ipdª acWw GsX¶v BcmWv \nÝbn¡pI? A§s\ H¶ptWvSm? acW¯nsâ {]{Inb Bcw`n¡p¶Xn\pÅ kabw BcmWp \nÀWbn¡pI? C¶v amcIw F¶v IcpXs¸Sp¶ tcmK¯n\p \msf Hcp acp¶p IWvSp]nSn¨mtem? AtämÀWn P\d kp{]owtImSXnbn DbÀ¯nb tNmZy§Ä D¯cw In«msX \n¡p¶p.

1973 apX 37 hÀjambn PohÑhw t]mse apwss_bnse Bip]{Xnbn Ignbp¶ \gvkmbncp¶ jm³_mKns\ acn¡m³ A\phZn¡Wsa¶mhiys¸«v AhcpsS Iq«pImcn F¶hImis¸Sp¶ kmaqlnI{]hÀ¯Ibmb ]{X{]hÀ¯I ]n¦n hndm\n 2007 kp{]owtImSXnsb kao]n¨tXmsS tZiob{i²bn h¶ hnhmZamWv hoWvSpw kPohamIp¶Xv. 2011 amÀ¨v Ggn\v CXp kw_Ôn¨v kp{]owtImSXn ]pds¸Sphn¨ hn[nbn jm³_mKn\p thWvSn Iq«pImcn kaÀ¸n¨ lÀPn XÅn. \qdv A]cm[nIÄ c£s¸«mepw cp \nc]cm[nbpw in£n¡s¸ScpXv F¶ hnizkn¡p¶ `mcX¯n Poh\v tIm« ]Wnbp¶Xn\p kp{]owtImSXn¡pÅ D¯chmZnXzw A¶v ASnhcbnSs¸«XmWv. F¶n«pw tImSXn ]pXnb kwhmZhpambn hcp¶p.

2014 Pqsse 16se D¯chneqsS {]hÀ¯\mßIamb Zbmh[hpw, \nkwKamb Zbmh[hpw \nbahnt[bam¡m\mhptam F¶mWv Ct¸mÄ tImSXn tNmZn¡p¶Xv. amcIamb tcmKw _m[n¨ hyànsb acp¶p sImSp¯p sImÃp¶XmWv“{]hÀ¯\mßIamb Zbmh[w. B tcmKn¡p hneIqSnb NnInÕIÄ \S¯n AbmfpsS Poh³ Iptd¡mewIqSn ]nSn¨p \nÀ¯m³ {ian¡msX km[mcW NnInÕIÄ \ÂIn acn¡m³ klmbn¡p¶XmWv“\nkwKamb Zbmh[w. Pohsâ kwc£IcmtIWvShÀ Xs¶ \½psS \m«n acW kwkvImc¯n\v IpgeqXp¶p. {]XnIcn¡msX \ni_vZcmbncp¶m acW¯nsâ I¨hS¡mÀ A\mbmkhnPbw ssIhcn¡pw.

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kp{]owtImSXn PUvPnamsc¡pdn¨pw kwib§Ä P\n¸n¡p¶ Bt£]§Ä Dbcp¶Xpw \½psS \oXn\ymb hyhØsb¡pdn¨v AhaXnbpWvSm¡p¶p. ]e PUvPnamcpw GXm\pw No^v PÌokpamcpw hsc hnPne³kv \nco£W¯nemWv. AhÀs¡Xnsc hnizk\obamb Bt£]§Ä DsWvS¶v iàamb kqN\IfpapWvSv. ssewKnI A]hmZ§Ä hsc h¶p. PUvPnamcpsS \nba\w, tkh\ØncX XpS§nbhsbÃmw kw_Ôn¨v `cWLS\ IrXyamb kwc£W§Ä \ÂIp¶Xp Xs¶ tImSXnbpsS \njv]£Xbpw kzmX{´yhpw kwc£n¡p¶Xn\mWv; PUvPnamsc {]oXntbm `oXntbm CÃmsX \oXn\nÀhlWw \S¯p¶Xn\p {]m]vXcm¡p¶Xn\mWv. kp{]owtImSXn PUvPnamcpsS Hcp kwLw kp{]owtImSXn PUvPnamsc sXcsªSp¡Wsa¶p \nÀtZin¨Xpw Cu e£yw sImWvSmWv. F¶mÂ, ap³ kÀ¡mcnsâ Ime¯v C¡mcy¯nepw kÀ¡mÀ k½ÀZ¯n\v tImSXn hg§nbncp¶p F¶p {]kv Iu¬knensâ sNbÀam\mb ap³ kp{]owtImSXn PUvPn ISvPp t»mKn Ipdn¨tXmsS PUvPnamcpsS \nba\s¯¡pdn¨v ]p¯³ hnhmZambn. F¶mÂ, hnhmZ\mbI\mb sNss¶ sslt¡mSXnbnse ap³ AUojW PUvPn AtimIv Ipamdns\ PUvPnbm¡nbXv hmPvt]bn kÀ¡mcmbncp¶p F¶pw A¡me¯v tI{µ¯nse `cWI£nbnembncp¶p Xangv\mSv `cn¨ncp¶ PbefnX F¶Xpw FÃmw ad¨ph¨mWv ISvPp ]dbp¶sX¶p NqWvSn¡mWn¡s¸Spt¼mgpw At±lw ]dªXv kXyasöv Bcpw ]dbp¶nÃ. Ahcpw sNbvXncp¶p F¶ adp\ymbw DbÀ¯n sXäns\ \ymboIcn¡m\pÅ ]Xnhp {iaw BhÀ¯n¡p¶p. IS¸mSpIfpambn ]ZhnIfn F¯p¶hÀ¡v \nÝbambpw Hcp Xcw hnt[bXzw DWvSmIpsa¶v BÀ¡mWdnbm¯Xv.! ssZhta R§fpsS \mSv Ft§m«v F¶p tNmZn¨pt]mIp¶ \mfpIÄ.

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\½psS P\{]Xn\n[nIÄ¡p Xmakn¡p¶Xn\p XeØm\¯v Hcp¡nbn«pÅ aµnc¯n AXmbXv, \nbak`m tlmÌen F´p \S¡p¶p F¶ tNmZyw `bs¸Sp¯pIbmWv. FwFÂF bpsS XeØm\s¯ hoSv F¶ \nebn AhnsS \S¡p¶ Imcy§Ä¡p henb kzImcyXbpw kwc£Whpw \evIs¸Sp¶p. AhnsS hcp¶Xv Bsct¶m \S¡p¶sXs´t¶m BÀ¡pw At\zjn¡m³ AhImianÃ. AXv Hcp ]mÀ«n¡mcpw k½Xn¡pIbpanÃ.

AhnsS t]meokv At\zjn¡p¶ IpähmfnIÄ Hfn¨p Xmakn¡p¶p F¶p hoWvSpw IsWvS¯nbncn¡p¶p. FwFÂFamÀ¡pw ap³ FwFÂFamÀ¡pw thWvSn Hcp¡nbn«pÅ Cu kpc£nX kuIcyw AhcpsS klmbt¯msS Zpcp]tbmKn¡s¸Sp¶Xnsâ IYIÄ BZyaÃ. Ip{]kn²amb Sn.]n h[t¡knse {]XnIÄ ChnsS Hfn¨p Xmakn¨ncp¶p. Ct¸mÄ s]¬hmWn`t¡knse {]Xnbpw AhnsS DWvSmbncp¶Xmbn ]ckyambn. kcnX \mbÀ ChnsS Xmakn¨ncp¶Xmbn A¡me¯v hmÀ¯bpWvSmbncp¶p... thsd ]ecpw... tlmÌense Poh\¡mÀ¡v ]eXpw Adnbmw. kzImcyambn ]cnNb¡mtcmSv ]dbpIbpw sN¿pw. F¶mÂ, H¶pw ]dtbWvShtcmtSm ]dtbWvSnSt¯m ]dbnÃ; `bamWv. Ct¸mÄ hnhmZ¯nembncn¡p¶ t\Xmhv Hcn¡Â tlmÌense Hcp Poh\¡mcs\ XÃn. At±l¯nsâ IqsS h¶ hyàntbmSv AhcpsS Hm^okn t^m¬ D]tbmKn¡cpsX¶v ]dªXn\mbncp¶p t\Xmhnsâ ASn. XÃp sImWvS DtZymKس A]acymZbmbn s]cpamdn F¶v ]cmXnbpw. AbmfpsS ho«n hsc F¯n `ojWnIÄ... Ahkm\w DtZymKس tIkv ]n³hen¨v c£s¸«p. C¡mcy¯n `cWþ {]Xn]£¡mÀ Hs¡ Hc`n{]mb¡mcmWv. FwFÂFbv¡pw ]nF¡pw am{Xw Xmakn¡p¶Xn\v A\phZn¨n«pÅ apdnbn ]ecpw Øncw Xmakn¡p¶pWvSv. Im«mbnt¡mWw {io[À F¶ A´cn¨ kn]nFw t\Xmhv ChnsS¯s¶bmbncp¶p ØncXmakw. PohnX¯n Hcn¡Â am{Xw FwFÂF Bbn«pÅ At±ls¯ acWwhsc \m«pImÀ FwFÂF F¶mWp hnfn¨ncp¶Xv. Ct¸mgpapWvSv \nch[n ØncXmak¡mÀ. henb t\Xm¡Ä apXÂ.

h¡w ]pcptjm¯a³ kv]o¡dmbncp¶ Ime¯v 2004  tlmÌ H¶p hr¯nbm¡nbXmWv. cWvSmbnct¯mfw t]sc IpSnbnd¡n F¶mWv IY. A¶phsc \Kc¯n A{Iakacw \S¯p¶ hnZymÀYnIÄ kpJXmakw \S¯nbncp¶ ØeamWv tlmÌÂ. t]meokv sdbvUv \S¡nÃtÃm. h¡¯nsâ Ime¯v FÃmhscbpw Hgn¸n¨p. A¡me¯p \S¶ ]cntim[\bn FwFÂF tlmÌen \n¶pw Bbp[§Ä hsc IsWvSSp¯n«pWvSv. A¶v h¡w DWvSm¡nb \nbaw A\pkcn¨v ap³ FwFÂFamÀ¡pw IpSpw_mwK§Ä¡p am{XamWv tlmÌen Xmakn¡m³ km[n¡pI. ]camh[n A©p Znhkt¯¡mWv Xmakw. cm{Xn H¼Xn\p tijw apdnIfn BÄ¡mÀ hcp¶Xpt]mepw h¡w \nb{´n¨ncp¶p. AXns\Xntc `cW {]Xn]£ hyXymkanÃmsX h³ {]Xntj[ambn. AhnsS \S¡p¶Xns\Ãmw kv]o¡dpsS kwc£Ww DsWvS¦nepw At±lw H¶pw AdnbmdnÃ. FtÌäv amt\PcmWv sN¿pI. At±ls¯ hnc«n \nba§fn shÅw tNÀ¸n¡pw. Pohn¨p t]mIm³ AhÀ k½Xn¡pw.

kv]o¡dpsS `cW¯nepÅ \nbk`m tlmÌen Xmakn¡p¶hÀ¡v henb kwc£WapWvSv. t]meokv AhnsS ]cntim[n¡nà F¶Xp Xs¶bmWv H¶mas¯ kwc£Ww. AXpsImWvSv t]meokns\ `bs¸SmsX ]eXpw sN¿m\pÅ CSambn ]ecpw Cu aµncs¯ Zpcp]tbmKn¡p¶Xnsâ IYIÄ XeØm\¯v [mcmfw t]À AS¡w ]dbp¶ ]ckyamWv.

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\½psS kmlnXy\mbIÀ Ft§m«mWv F¶ tNmZyhpw P\a\kpIsf BIpes¸Sp¯p¶p. _p¡À ss{]kv In«nbXpsImWvSv henb Bfmbn amdnb AcpÔXn tdmbn F¶ kmlnXyImcn km£m almßmKmÔnsb¡pdn¨p \S¯nb ]cmaÀiw C´ybnÃmsX GsX¦nepw \m«n \S¡ptam? Ahsc hnaÀin¡m³, AhÀ¡pthWvSn almßPntbmSv am¸p]dbm³ ChnsS KmÔnb·msc¶v AhImis¸Sp¶ kmlnXyImc·mÀ t]mepw DWvSmbnÃ. almßPnsb¡pdn¨p \mw ]Tn¨ Ncn{Xw kXyambncp¶nà F¶v AcpÔXn ]dbpt¼mÄ AXv hniZoIcn¡m³IqSn DÅ _m[ysXsb¦nepw AhÀ¡pWvSv. F´pw ]dbmsa¶v hcp¶Xv \½psS \m«nse kzmX{´y¯nsâ Zpcp]tbmKamWv. cmjv{S]nXmhns\¡pdn¨p hsc BÀ¡pw F´pw ]dbmsa¶p hcp¶Xv A]Nbw F¶Ã \nµyw F¶mWv hnfn¡s¸tSWvSXv. ]dªm Xncn¨Sn¡nsöpÅ hsc F´pw ]dbmw F¶Xmbn«pWvSv \½psS \m«nse kzmX{´y t_m[w.

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\mfnXphsc A`ykn¨ph¶ AShp\b§Ä sXän F¶v kzbw k½Xn¨ kn]nFw hensbmcp Agn¨p]Wnbnte¡p kzbw \S¡p¶p. Cu \nebn ]mÀ«nsb F¯n¨ tZiob sk{I«dn {]Imiv Imcm«pw tIcf¯nse sk{I«dn ]nWdmbn hnPb\pw AS¡w \nch[n t\Xm¡Ä¡v ASp¯ ]mÀ«n tIm¬{KtkmsS amäw hcpIbmWv. Bcmhpw ]pXpXmbn F¯pI F¶Xns\¡pdn¨v BÀ¡pw Hcp Xn«hpanÃ. ]mÀ«n tIm¬{Kkv GsäSp¯p \S¯m\pw BcpanÃ. kn]nFw hÃm¯ ]X\¯nemhpIbmWv. ]pXnb sk{I«dnbpsS BZyZuXyw Ct¸mgs¯ \ne sa¨s¸Sp¯pI F¶XmhWw. AXn\p IsWvS¯m\ncn¡p¶ AShp\b§Ä tIÄ¡m³ Im¯ncn¡pIbpWp P\w.






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