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\n[n Im¡p¶ `qX§Ä

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Pn. A¿t\¯v

\n[nIm¡p¶ `qX§fpsS IYIÄ \s½ ckn¸n¡p¶tXmsSm¸w \½n klXm]apWÀ¯pIbpw sN¿pw. ]mhw, \n[nbpsS kar²nbpWvSmbns«´pImcyw! AXn Al¦cn¡msa¶ÃmsX, AXv A\p`hn¡m\pÅ tbmKw `qX§Ä¡nÃtÃm! IpS¯nepw Kplbnepsams¡b§v HXp§n Pohn¡pIXs¶ hn[n! IYbnse Cu `qX§Ä a\pjyPohnX¯nte¡p tNt¡dnbmtem! B[p\nI aebmfnbpsS PohnXw \n[nIm¡p¶ `qX§Ä¡p Xpeysa¶p ]dªm AXn AXnibn¡m\nÃ.

Ignª Ac\qämWvSpImew A`qX]qÀhamb km¼¯nI hfÀ¨bmWp aebmfn t\SnbXv. kzmX{´ym\´c `mcX¯nsâ cmjv{Sob A´co£w AXn\p klmbIambn. aX, kmapZmbnI, kmaqly kwLS\IÄ hnZym`ymk, sXmgn taJeIfn \S¯nb iàhpw {InbmßIhpamb CSs]SepIfpw aebmfnbpsS km¼¯nI t{kmXkpIsf k¼¶am¡n. aebmfnbpsS ASnØm\ hnZym`ymkhpw sXmgn sshZKv[yhpw temIs¯hnsSbpapÅ k¼¯nsâ km[yXIfnte¡v Ah\v/AhÄ¡p hmXn Xpd¶psImSp¯p. cmjv{Sob A[nImc¯nsâ kzm[o\hpw kÀ¡mÀ tPmenbpsS km¼¯nI kpc£nXXzhpw Hcp \h k¼¶ hÀKs¯ krãn¨p.

Cu amä§sfms¡ A\nhmcyhpw A`nImayhpamWv. ]t£, Cu B[p\nI \hk¼¶X hyànPohnX¯nepw kmaqlyPohnX¯nepw aebmfnbn KpW]camb amä§Ä DWvSm¡ntbm? t\«§fpsS \n[nIfpambn kz´w IpSpw_§fnte¡pw KplIfnte¡pw aebmfn Npcp§nt¸mtbm? k¼¯nsâ A`qX]qÀhamb hfÀ¨ C§s\ Iptd `qX§sf krãn¡p¶Xn\¸pdw kmaqly\·bv¡v DXIp¶ptWvSm? kzÀWhpw tIm¬{Ioäpw amÀ_nfpw ap´nb aZyhpw s]m§¨¯nsâbpw aÕc¯nsâbpw BtLmj [qÀ¯pIfpw Ìmäkv knw_epIfpw hgn kzbw DuXnhoÀ¸n¨ `qXamIm\pÅ aXn{`a¯netà aebmfn? Cu tNmZy§fn¯s¶ D¯cw AS§nbn«pWvSv.

aebmfnbpsS PohnX¯nepWvSmb km¼¯nI ]ptcmKXn Hcp]t£ hnIknX cmPy§tfmSp InS]nSn¡p¶XmWv. ]t£, Cu ]ptcmKXnbpsS KpW]camb t\«w \à coXnbn A\p`hn¡p¶Xn\p aebmfn¡p km[n¡p¶nÃ. AXn\p ImcWw hyànIfpsS km¼¯nI ]ptcmKXnbpw kaql¯nsâ s]mXp\·bpw X½nepÅ henb Ak´penXmhØbmWv. hyànIfn IpanªpIqSp¶ \njv{Inb BkvXnbpw \ncÀYI sNehpw hÀ[n¡p¶Xn\v B\p]mXnIambn s]mXp ASnØm\ hnIk\hpw kmaqlykpc£nXXzhpw \S¡p¶nÃ.

\maam{Xamb ]c¼cmKX k¼¶ hÀK¯nsâbpw _lp`qcn]£w hcp¶ ]p¯³ k¼¶ hÀK¯nsâbpw k¼¯p kmaqly ]ptcmKXnbpsS ASnØm\ Bhiy§fnte¡v F¯p¶nÃ. CXv F¯nt¡WvSXn\p iàamb t\XrXzw sImSpt¡WvSnbncp¶Xp cmjv{Sob {]Øm\§fpw AhcpsS ssIIfnepÅ cmjv{Sob A[nImchpamWv. Iãsa¶p ]dbs«, ImemIme§fnepÅ cmjv{Sob A[nImc§Ä¡v AXn\pÅ DÄ¡mgvNtbm BÀPhtam ZoÀLho£Wtam CÃmsXt]mbn. AXpsImWvSv B[p\nIX sImWvSph¶ aebmfnbpsS km¼¯nI t\«§sf k´penXamb kmaqly ]ptcmKXn¡pw ASnØm\ hnIk\§Ä¡pw {]tbmP\s¸Sp¯m³ IgnªnÃ. CXnse sshcp[yhpw hnIeXIfpw FÃm taJeIfnepw {]ISamWv.

`£W]ZmÀY§fpsS D]t`mKwIqSn. ]t£, `t£ymXv]¶§fpsS DXv]mZ\w Ipdªp. hoSpIfpsS hen¸hpw tamSnbpw IqSn. ]t£, Ah {]IrXnt¡m ImemhØbvt¡m tbmPn¨tXm A\p_Ô ASnØm\ kuIcy§Ä DÅtXm AÃ. hneIqSnb hkv{X§fpsSbpw kuµcyhÀ[I hkvXp¡fpsSbpw D]tbmKw IqSn; ]t£, s]mXp ipNnXzhpw amen\y kwkvIcWhpw Ct¸mgpw {]mIrXw. B[p\nIhpw sXmgne[njvTnXhpamb hnZym`ymk kuIcy§Ä hÀ[n¨p. ]t£, kz´w \m«n sXmgn sN¿m\pÅ km[yXIÄ ASªpt]mbn. kÀ¡mÀ tPmensb¶ FÃn³IjW¯n\pthWvSn ISn]nSnIq«p¶p.

Bip]{XnIÄ IqSn, ]t£ tcmK§Ä XSbm\pÅ amÀK§Ä ^e{]ZaÃm¯XpsImWvSp imcocnIhpw am\knIhpamb BtcmKyw timjn¨p, ]IÀ¨hym[nIÄ ASn¡Sn IqSnhcp¶p. A¼e§fpw ]ÅnIfpw tamkvIpIfpw Aw_cNpw_nIfmbn. ]t£, k¼¶XsImWvSph¶ B[nbpw hym[nbpaIäm³ BßobXbv¡p Ignbp¶nsöp am{Xaà AÔhnizmk§Ä IqSpIbpw sNbvXp. kzImcy hml\§Ä IqSn; ]t£ Ahsb hln¡m³ IgnbmsX hgnIÄ hoÀ¸pap«p¶p, Poh³ s]mXphgnbn s]menbp¶p. aªtemlwsImWvSp hoSpw tem¡dpw \ndbv¡p¶p; ]t£ AXn\pthWvSn aWemcWy¯n aebmfn tNmc \ocm¡p¶p.

cmjv{SobwsImWvSp [mcmfw t]À k¼¶cmbn. ]t£, A{Iahpw AgnaXnbpwsImWvSp cmjv{Sobw Zcn{Zambn. sXmgnÂthX\w IqSn, ]t£ sXmgnensâ amlmßyhpw sXmgnent\mSpÅ BßmÀYXbpw Ipdªp. IeymWw t]mepÅ BtLmj§fpsS tafs¡mgp¸pIqSn; ]t£ Ah BkzZn¡m\pÅ kzØX BÀ¡panÃ. hnZym`ymk _ncpZ¡mcpsS F®w IqSn; ]t£ kÀKmßIXbpÅhÀ Xptemw Ipdªp. kmlnXy, Iem krãnIÄ IqSpXepw tIm¸nbSnbmbn. kÀ¡mÀ tPmen¡mcpsS i¼fw \qdpaS§p hÀ[n¨p. ]t£ tkh\¯nsâ KpWta· Ipdªp. P\§Ä kzImcytaJesb B{ibn¡p¶Xp IqSn; ]t£ AXnsâ km[yXIsf thWvScoXnbn {]tbmP\s¸Sp¯m\pw GtIm]n¸n¡m\pw Ignªn«nÃ.

C{]ImcapÅ XeXncnª hnIk\¯nsâ t\À¡mgvNIÄ H¸nsbSp¯m ]pd§tfmfw Ipdnt¡WvSnhcpw. ]Ww aebmfn¡p t\Sns¡mSp¯Xp Ipsd s]m§¨hpw ]pXnb tcmK§fpw tNcm¯ PohnXssienbpw Ak´penX kmaqly]ptcmKXnbpw AkzØ kmaqly_Ô§fpw AkwXr]vX PohnXhpamWv. X·qew hnPbhpw kwXr]vXnbpw kt´mjhpw IsWvS¯m³ hfªhgnIfpw A[mÀanI amÀK§fpw D]tbmKn¡p¶p.

sNfn hmcnsbdnbp¶ No¯ s]mfnänIvkv, IWvSm At¿sb¶p ]dbp¶ tImaUn, AÔhnizmk§fnepw BÄssZh§fnepw B{ibw, kwLSnX ]nSn¨p]dnbpsS cmjv{Sob {]Xybimkv{X§Ä, Bhiyt¯¡mfp]cn BÀ`mS¯n\pÅ D]t`mKw, ]ckv]cw `mcwhln¡en\p ]Icw ]mchbv¡Â, aZy¯n ab§n bmYmÀYy§fnÂ\n¶pÅ Hfnt¨mSÂ, A]c³ A\y\mIp¶ _Ô§Ä... C§s\ [mcmfw sshIrX§fpsS hnf`qanbmbncn¡pIbmWp aebmfnbpsS a\kv. aebmfnbpsS am\knImtcmKyw ASn¡Sn XmWpsImWvSncn¡pIbmsW¶v Gähpw ]pXnb imkv{Xob ]T\§Ä ]dbp¶p.

t\SnsbSp¯ t\«§fn DuäwsImÅp¶ aebmfn¡p \ãs¸«Xv BtcmKy]qÀWamb Hcp kmaqly, IpSpw_, hyànPohnXamWv. \hk¼¶X \njv{Inb kzImcymkvXnIfn \ncÀYIambn Iq\ IqSnbXÃmsX aebmfnbpsS A\pZn\ PohnX¯n KpW]camb amäsam¶pw DWvSm¡nbn«nÃ. ]Ww ]pdwtamSnIfpsS s]m§¨§Ä¡mbn ]mgm¡pt¼mÄ aebmfn Pohn¡m³ ad¶pt]mIp¶p. PohnXw Ipsd¡qSn k¦oÀWhpw B[nbpw hym[nbpw am\knI]ncnapdp¡hpw hnjmZtcmK§fpw \ndªXmbn.

\à sXmgnehkc§Ä, Imcy£aamb BtcmKykpc£m ]²XnIÄ, tbmPn¨ ]cnØnXn kwc£Ww, B[p\nIamb s]mXpipNnXz kwhn[m\w, kpJ{]Zhpw kuIcy{]Zhpamb s]mXp bm{XmkuIcy§Ä, BtcmKy]camb hn{iaþhnt\mZ kabþØe kuIcy§Ä, D]t`màr kulrZ kÀ¡mÀ tkh\§Ä, \ntXym]tbmK km[\§fpsS Ffp¸¯nepÅ e`yXbpw KpW\nehmc Dd¸pw... C§s\ a\pjyPohnXw Gähpw A\mbmkIchpw BkzmZyhpambn amäp¶ ]²XnIfnte¡p apXepw tijnbpw Xncn¨phnSp¶Xn tIcf¯nse cmjv{Sob t\XrXzw At¼ ]cmPbs¸«p. X·qew \hk¼¶X \n[n Im¡p¶ `qX§sft¸mse \nÀPohambn aebmfnbpsS kzImcy Al¦mc¯n am{Xw HXp§p¶p.


hoªphnhmZw A\mhiyw

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^m. hÀKokv hÅn¡m«v (sU]yq«n sk{I«dn, HutZymKnI hàmhv, sIkn_nkn)

ss{IkvXhÀ hnip² IpÀ_m\bn D]tbmKn¡p¶ hoªns\ kw_Ôn¨v A\mhiyhnhmZ§Ä DWvSmIm³ CSbmb kmlNcy¯n It¯men¡mk`bpsS Bcm[\bn D]tbmKn¡p¶ hoªns\ kw_Ôn¨ hkvXpXIÄ hniZoIcnt¡WvSXv Bhiyambn h¶ncn¡p¶p. km{Isaâ ssh³ AYhm IpÀ_m\ hoªv aZyaÃ. aZy¯nsâ \nba]camb \nÀhN\¯ntem ]cn[nbntem hcp¶XpaÃ. ss{IkvXhk`IfpsS hnizmkw, Bcm[\m ]mc¼cyw F¶nhbpsS shfn¨¯n thWw IpÀ_m\ hoªnsâ AÀYhpw {]kànbpw a\knem¡m³.

blqZcpsS s]klm BNcW¯nsâbpw ]m]]cnlmc_enbpsSbpw ]Ým¯e¯nemWp tbiphnsâ Ipcninse Bß_ensb ]pXnb \nbaw hymJym\n¡p¶Xv. s]klm IpªmSnsâ arK_enbà ssZh]p{Xsâ Bß_enbmWp ]m]tamN\¯nsâbpw c£bpsSbpw amÀKambn ]pXnb\nbaw NqWvSn¡m«p¶Xv. Ahsâ càamWp a\pjyhwi¯nsâ ]m]¡dIÄ IgpIn shSn¸m¡nbXv. Cu Bß_enbpsS ap¶mhnjvImcw F¶ \nebnemWp tbip injytcmsSm¸w A´yA¯mgw BNcn¨Xv.

A¯mgthfbn A¸hpw hoªpw Xm³ _enbmbn AÀ¸n¡m\ncn¡p¶ amwkcà§fpsS {]XoIhpw XpSÀ¶pÅ AhnSs¯ Xncpkm¶n[y¯nsâ kmÀh{XnI ASbmfhpambn AhÀ¡p \evIn. Imem´y¯n hoWvSpw AhnSs¯ IWvSpap«pthmfw AhnSps¯ _enbpsS HmÀ½bv¡mbn CXv BNcn¡Wsa¶ Iev]\bpw \evIn. {InkvXphnsâ cà¯nepÅ Cu ]pXnb DS¼SnbpsS \hoIcWhpw ]p\cmhnjvImchpamWv Hmtcm hnip² IpÀ_m\bpw. AXn\m A¸hpw hoªpw ss{IkvXh Bcm[\bpsS Ahn`mPyLSI§fmWv.

It¯men¡mk`bpsS Cu hnizmk¯nÂ\n¶p hyXykvXamb hnizmkmNmc§Ä ]peÀ¯p¶ ss{IkvXhk`IfpWvSv. AhÀ IpÀ_m\bnepÅ {InkvXpkm¶n[ys¯ kw_Ôn¨pw hnip² IpÀ_m\bpsS BNmc]camb A\pjvTm\§sf kw_Ôn¨pw hyXykvX kao]\§Ä ]peÀ¯p¶hcmWv. s]´t¡mkvXv, _m]vänÌv, satXmUnÌv, kmÂthj³ BÀan, Nne Chm©en¡Â k`IÄ F¶nhbv¡p IpÀ_m\sb kw_Ôn¨pw AXn D]tbmKn¡p¶ A¸s¯bpw hoªns\bpw kw_Ôn¨pw hyXykvX ImgvN¸mSpIfpWvSv. hoªn\p ]Icw ap´ncn Pyqtkm asäs´¦nepw ]m\ob§tfm D]tbmKn¡p¶Xn sXänà F¶v Cu ]mc¼cy¯nÂs¸« Nne k`IÄ IcpXp¶p. AXn\v AhÀ¡p kzmX{´yhpapWvSv.

tIcfk`bn bqtdm]y³ anj\dnamcpsS BKa\w hscbpw Hmtcm CShI¸Ånbnepw hnip² IpÀ_m\bv¡pÅ hoªpWvSm¡nbncp¶p. ssN\bn \n¶v Cd¡paXn sNbvXncp¶ DW¡ ap´ncn§ shůnen«p IpXnÀ¯p ]ngnsªSp¯ NmdmWv CXn\mbn D]tbmKn¨ncp¶Xv. FUn 1502 sh\okn \n¶v {]kn²oIcn¨ C´y¡mc³ tPmk^nsâ hnhcWw”(Narrative of Joseph the Indian) F¶ Ccp]¯©ntesd `mjIfnte¡p hnhÀ¯\w sN¿s¸«n«pÅ ]pkvXI¯n CXpkw_Ôn¨ hnhcWw ImWmw.

tIcfk`bn C¶s¯ coXnbnepÅ km{Isaâ ssh³ (IpÀ_m\hoªv) D]tbmKn¨p XpS§nbXv DZbwt]cqÀ kq\ltZmkn\p (1599) tijamWv. CXn\mhiyamb hoªv t]mÀ¨pKen \n¶p sImWvSphcp¶ ]XnhmWv A¶pWvSmbncp¶Xv. IpÀ_m\bv¡v D]tbmKnt¡WvS hoªns\¸än Im\³ \nbaw hyàamb \nÀtZiw \evIp¶pWvSv. 1983se ]mÝmXy ]uckvXyk`IfpsS Im\³ \nbakwlnXIfn (CIC No. 924, CCEO No. 706) ap´ncnbn \n¶p Xbmdm¡nb ip²amb hoªmWp hnip² IpÀ_m\bv¡v D]tbmKnt¡WvSXv F¶p hyàam¡nbncn¡p¶p.

1938 sIm¨n Znhm³ ]pds¸Sphn¨ sIm¨n³ amkv ssh³ dqÄkv F¶ {]tXyI \nba{]ImcamWp tIcf¯n It¯men¡mk`bnse hnip² IpÀ_m\bv¡mhiyamb hoªpWvSm¡p¶Xv. CXv 1969se tIcf Kkänse hnÚm]\w hgn \nba]cambn km[qIcn¡s¸«n«pWvSv. A_vImcn BIvSnepw 1970þse tIcf ssh\dn N«§fnepw \nÀhNn¡s¸Sp¶ ssh³ IpÀ_m\ hoªn \n¶p XnI¨pw hyXykvXamWv. AXn\m k¼qÀW aZy\ntcm[\w GÀs¸Sp¯p¶ kmlNcy¯nepw IpÀ_m\hoªv \nbahncp²amIp¶nÃ.

sIm¨n³ amkv ssh³ dqÄkv F¶ t]cn Xs¶ \ne\nÀ¯nbncn¡p¶ \nba¯n IpÀ_m\ hoªnsâ \nÀamWw, tÌm¡psN¿Â, hnXcWw Ch kw_Ôn¨pw kq£nt¡WvS cPnÌdpIÄ, ^b sNt¿WvS dnt«¬kv F¶nhsb kw_Ôn¨pw hyàamb \nÀtZi§Ä \evInbncn¡p¶p. ChsbÃmw IrXyambn ]men¨psImWvSmWp k`bn {]tXyIw \ntbmKn¡s¸«n«pÅhÀ IpÀ_m\bv¡mhiyamb hoªpWvSm¡p¶Xv. IpÀ_m\bv¡p]tbmKn¡p¶ hoªv km[mcW aZy¯nsâ C\¯nÂs]Sp¯msX Hcp {]tXyI ]m\obambn ]cnKWn¡p¶XpsImWvSmWv IpÀ_m\ hoªns\ kw_Ôn¨v kÀ¡mÀ {]tXyI \nba§Ä \nÀan¨Xv. Cu \nba{]ImcapÅ ssek³kmWp hnhn[ cq]XIÄ¡pw k\ymkk`IÄ¡pw \evIs¸«Xv. CXnsâ D]tbmKw kw_Ôn¨v GsX¦nepw Xc¯nepÅ ]cmXntbm GsX¦nepw tImSXnbn tItkm CXphsc DWvSmbXmbpw AdnhnÃ.

_mÀ ]q«nbm ]Ånbpw ]q«Ww F¶ \ymbhmZap¶bn¡p¶htcmSp ]dbs«: "hnip² IpÀ_m\ ssh³ Hcp B¡tlmfn¡v en¡À (aZyw) AÃ. AXpkm[mcW hoªpaÃ. AXp hnip² IpÀ_m\ AÀ¸n¡p¶Xn\p am{Xw D]tbmKn¡p¶Xn\pÅ {]tXyI ]m\obamWv. Hcu¬kv IpÀ_m\hoªn \n¶p \qdpIW¡n\p hnizmknIfmWp hnip² IpÀ_m\ kzoIcn¡p¶Xv. CXn \nbahncp²ambn H¶panÃ. s]mXpkaql¯nsâ \·bv¡ÃmsX bmsXmcphn[ Xn·bv¡pw CXp ImcWamIp¶panÃ. hnizmk]cambpw Ncn{X]cambpw sNbvXphcp¶ Imcyw Hcp hnhmZam¡n P\§fn sXän²mcW Dfhm¡nbXn It¯men¡mk`bv¡p {]Xntj[apWvSv.'

Ct¸mÄ \S¡p¶ hnhmZ§Ä A\mhiyhpw Zpcpt±iy]chpamWv. CXp kz´w Imcyw t\Sm\mbn F´p ap«mbpànbpw D]tbmKn¡m³ aSn¡m¯hcpsS IpSneXbn \n¶pWvSmbn«pÅXpamWv. ]pXnb aZy\bw kw_Ôn¨p ]cmXnbpÅhÀ Ah kÀ¡mcnsâ {i²bn sImWvSphcnIbmWp thWvSXv. GsX¦nepw kapZmb¯nsâ hnizmks¯tbm BNmc§sftbm adbm¡n hfªhgnbneqsS Imcyw \S¯m³ {iant¡WvSXnÃ. F¶mÂ, aZyhyhkmbnIfpsSbpw sXmgnemfnIfpsSbpw \ymbamb ]cmXnIfpw {]iv\§fpw tIÄ¡m\pw ]cnlmcapWvSm¡m\papÅ D¯chmZnXz¯n \n¶p kÀ¡mÀ HgnªpamdpIbpacpXv.


{]mÀY\sb D]mkn¨ A½

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knÌÀ ¢ntbm]m{S knFwkn (sshkv t]mÌpteäÀ)

a\pjyPohnXs¯ ]hn{XoIcn¡m³ {]mÀY\bv¡p Ignbpw. tZhmeb¯nsâ aqebnencp¶v Fhp{]mky½ F¯n¨ Hmtcm P]amebpw At\IÀ¡v A\p{Klw sNmcnªp. {]mÀY\bneqsS CuizckmbpPy¯nte¡p {]thin¡pt¼mÄ hnip²n ]qÀWXbnse¯psa¶v Cu ]pWymßmhnsâ PohnXw \s½ ]Tn¸n¡p¶p.

ssZhP\¯n\pw CShIbv¡pw cq]Xbv¡pw k`bv¡pw temIw apgph\pw thWvSn Fhp{]mky½ Ft¸mgpw {]mÀYn¨p. At\IcpsS PohnX¯nse Ccp«p\ndª CS\mgnIfn C¯ncnsh«ambn B A½ amdn. A§s\ Fhp{]mky½ {]mÀYn¡p¶ A½bmbn.

1877 HtÎm_À 17þ\p Im«qÀ Feph¯n¦Â tNÀ¸p¡mc³ At´mWn þ Iptª¯n Z¼XnIfpsS aIfmbmWv Fhp{]mky½bpsS P\\w. tdmk F¶mbncp¶p t]cv. tIcfk`bnse BZyk\ymkn\o`h\amb Iq\½mhv I\yImaT¯nsâ t_mÀUnwKn tdmk tNÀ¶p. Xriqcnse {]Ya Xt±iob hnImcn A¸kvtXmen¡ amÀ tPm¬ ta\mt¨cnbpsS \nÀtZi{]Imcw tdmk aäp tbmKmÀYn\nItfmSpw knÌÀamtcmSpw IqsS 1897 tabv H¼Xn\v A¼g¡mSv F¯pIbpw 1897 tabv 10\v CutimbpsS XncplrZb¯nsâ Fhp{]mky F¶ \mat[bw kzoIcn¨p IÀaeo¯m AÀYn\nbmbn PohnXw Bcw`n¡pIbpw sNbvXp.

amcIamb ]e tcmK§fpw ]et¸mgmbn th«bmSns¡mWvSncp¶ tdmkbv¡v Hcn¡Â Xncp¡pSpw_¯nsâ ZÀi\¯neqsS AZv`pXIcamb tcmKim´n e`n¨p. ]n¶oSv B PohnXw {]mÀY\bpsS D]mk\bmbn amdn.

Fhp{]mky½bpw _nj]v amÀ tPm¬ ta\mt¨cnbpambpÅ Bßob ]nXrþ]p{Xo _Ôw At±l¯nsâ acWwhsc \oWvSp\n¶p. Ip¼kmcn¡m\pw BßImcyw shfns¸Sp¯m\pw km[n¡m¯ Ahkc§fn ta\mt¨cn ]nXmhnsâ Iev]\{]Imcw Fhp{]mky½ I¯pIÄ FgpXnbncp¶p. Ch \in¸n¨pIfbWsa¶v Fhp{]mky½ Bhiys¸«psh¦nepw {Im´ZÀinbmb ta\mt¨cn ]nXmhv Fgp¯pIÄ kq£n¨ph¨p. 1900 apX 1919 hsc GItZiw 80 Fgp¯pIfmWv C§s\ kq£n¡s¸«Xv. Cu I¯pIÄ Fhp{]mky½bpsS DbÀ¶ B[ymßnIX shfns¸Sp¯m³ CSbm¡n.

_nj]v amÀ tPmÀPv Be¸m«pw Fhp{]mky½bpsS hnip²nbn hnizkn¡pIbpw A½sb _lpam\n¡pIbpw sNbvX Bßob]nXmhmWv. _nj]vkv lukn kq£n¡s¸«ncp¶ Fhp{]mky½bpsS Fgp¯pIfn HfnªpInS¡p¶ Bßobaqeyhpw ssZsshIyhpw hotcmNnXamb kpIrXhpw At±lw a\knem¡n. tIcf IÀaeIpkpaw F¶t]cn Fhp{]mky½bpsS PohNcn{Xw FgpXn¨p. Be¸m«v ]nXmhv HutZymKnI ]ZhnbnÂ\n¶p hncan¨ Ahkc¯n Fgp¯pIÄ _nj]vkv luknÂ\n¶v FSp¯v, \n§fnXp kq£n¡pI, CXp \n§Ä¡v Bhiyw hcpw F¶p ]dªv XriqÀ IÀaeo¯ t{]mhn³jy kp¸ocnbdns\ Gev]n¨p.

Fhp{]mky½bpsS \maIcW \S]SnIÄ XpS§m³ A\phmZw \ÂInbXp amÀ tPmk^v IpWvSpIpfw ]nXmhmbncp¶p. [mcmfw A\p{Kl§fpw AZv`pX§fpw Fhp{]mky½bpsS am[yØyw hgn \S¶psImWvSncps¶¦nepw 1997 Unkw_À \men\p tXmakv XcI\p XriqÀ Pq_nen anj³ Bip]{Xnbn e`n¨ Im³kÀ tcmK kpJ{]m]vXnbmWp \maIcW¯n\mhiyamb AZv`pXambn FSp¯Xv.

Fhp{]mky½sb [\ybmbn 2002 Pqsse A©n\p tPm¬ t]mÄ cWvSma³ amÀ]m¸ {]Jym]n¨p. Fhp{]mky½bpsS a[yØXbn \S¶ Im³kÀ hnapàn AZv`pXamsW¶v AwKoIcn¨v s_\UnÎv ]Xn\mdma³ amÀ]m¸ 2006 Unkw_À aq¶n\p Fhp{]mky½sb hmgv¯s¸«hfm¡n DbÀ¯n.

Pph sP³k\p kw`hn¨ AZv`pXwþ ssXsdmt¥mk knÌv AZv`pXIcambn kpJambXvþ 2005 tdman AwKoIcn¡s¸«p. 2014 G{]n aq¶n\p {^m³knkv amÀ]m¸ Fhp{]mky½bpsS AZv`pX§Ä AwKoIcn¡p¶ Un{Inbn H¸ph¨p. 2014 \hw_À 23\p hnip² ]Zhnbnte¡v DbÀ¯s¸Sp¶ Cu I\yIbpsS hnip² kvacWbv¡p ap¶n {]Wmaw AÀ¸n¡p¶p.


amthen h¶t¸mÄ Hcp ivaim\ aqIX!

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Hu«v Hm^v td©v /tPm¬k¬ ]qh´pcp¯v

Xncpta\o Hcp sImdnbdpWvSv...' ss{]häv sk{I«dnbpsS i_vZw tI«psImWvSmWp ]{X]mcmbW¯n apgpInbncp¶ amthen apJapbÀ¯nbXv. "FhnsS\n¶mtWm sImdnbÀ?' "ep¡v IWvSn«p tIcf¯nÂ\n¶msW¶p tXm¶p¶p.' Xme¯n sImWvSph¶ sImdnbÀ amthen Xmf¯n FSp¯p. kwibnt¡WvStSm tIcf¯nÂ\n¶p Xs¶, ImcWw Hcp ISbnse sktÃmtS¸v apgph³ AXnsâ apXpI¯p NmÀ¯nbn«pWvSv.."sImdnbÀ s]m«ns¨Sp¡m³ amthenbpw sk{I«dnbpw BhXp {ian¨p. tZjyw]qWvS amthen sk{I«dntbmSp ]dªp: "hnfns¡tSm B hmÄams\...' ss{]häv sk{I«dn ]pdt¯t¡mSn. Aev]kab¯n\Iw hmfpambn amthenbpsS t]gvkW kpc£mDtZymKس HmSn¸msª¯n. GXm\pw an\näpIÄ¡pÅn sImdnbÀ Ad¯papdn¨p hmÄam³ I¯p ]pds¯Sp¯p. ktµiw hmbn¨tXmsS CSªp\n¶ncp¶ amthenbpsS apJw sslamÌv sseän«Xpt]mse {]Imin¨p. "FtSm sk{I«dn HmW¯n\p tIcf¯nte¡p sNÃm\pÅ £W¡¯m. Xm³ hnam\Sn¡äv htÃmw _p¡p sNbvXn«ptWvSm?'

"Xncpta\n Ignª {]mhiyw hnam\¯n t]mbXnsâ bm{Xm¸Sn tIcfw C\nbpw X¶n«nÃ. km¼¯nI {]XnkÔnbpsS t]cn ISw ]dªp. C{]mhiyhpw hnam\w ]nSn¨pt]mtWm, \jvS¡fnbm?' þ sk{I«dn¡p kwibw. "FtSm FbÀ C´ybn \qdp cq]bpsS Sn¡äv DsWvS¶p tI«tÃm... FbÀ C´ybnse cmPmhnt\mSp ]d CXp ]mXmf¯nse cmPmhn\msW¶v.'þ amthen t]mwhgn \nÀtZin¨p.

"{]t`m, hnam\¯nembmepw XohWvSnbnembmepw sN¶ndt§WvSXp tIcf¯nse tZiob ]mXbnetÃ... \ap¡p sNdnsbmcp Imdp ]nSn¨§p t]mImw, hbän Fbdp IbdmXncn¡pw.'

"Imsd¦n Imdv. Xm³ t]mbn hnfnt¨mWvSp hm'þ amthen bm{Xbvs¡mcp§n.

CXn\nsS, kpc£m DtZymKس hmfpw ]nSn¨p Xebpw sNmdnªp \n¡p¶p. amthen tNmZy`mh¯n apJapbÀ¯n. "Xncpta\n, Rm³ Cu tXªp XoÀ¶ hmfpambn hmÄam\mbn \S¶paSp¯p. C¯hW tIcf¯n t]mIpt¼msg¦nepw F\ns¡mcp tXm¡ptaSn¨p X¶v Fs¶sbmcp K¬am³ B¡Ww ¹okv...' F¶n«p thWw {]PIÄ \ns¶ K¬tam\m¡n Fsâ Xebn tkmfmÀ ]m\ Øm]n¡m³. DÅ hmfpambn kq£n¨p\S¶m \n\¡pw F\n¡pw sImÅmw.

amthenbpsSbpw kwL¯nsâbpw ImÀ tZiob ]mXbnse Hcp \mephcn IpgnbneqsS apIfnte¡p Ibdn. sXcphn henb Bfpw _lfhpanÃ. HmWambn«pw ChnsS HmfambntÃ.. hgntbmc¯p hmfpw ]qhnfnbpambn hneknbncp¶hscbpw ImWm\nÃ. BsI Hcp ivaim\ aqIX...! Ct{Xw kam[m\¯n\v ChnsS F´p kw`hn¨p..? s]s«¶mWv Hcp \nehnfn tI«Xv: "IqSpXsem¶pw thWvS, aq¶Sn as®¦nepw A\phZn¨pIqSmbncpt¶m? ]t£, Hcp hm¡pt]mepw tNmZn¡msX Nhn«n¯mgv¯n¡fªntÃ... h«wIqSnbncp¶p s\©¯Sn¨p IcbpIbmWp NneÀ.. CXptI«Xpw amthenbpsS s\©p s]mSnªpt]mbn. \qämWvSpIÄ ]n¶n«n«pw Xs¶ ]mXmf¯nte¡p Nhn«n¯mgv¯nbtXmÀ¯p Icbp¶hÀ tIcf¯nepWvStÃm F¶p IWvSt¸mÄ At±l¯nsâ I®pIÄ Cud\Wnªp. \nehnfn¡mcpsS tXmf¯pX«n At±lw ]dªp: "hnjant¡WvS, Nhn«n¯mgv¯nsb¦nepw Rm³ FÃm hÀjhpw hcp¶pWvStÃm...' CXp tI«Xpw lq BÀ bq F¶ a«n IcªpsImWvSncp¶h³ ]pcnIw hf¨p. I¬^yqj\nemb amthen ]Xps¡ tNmZn¨p: "\n§Ä ]dªpsImWvSncp¶Xv Fs¶ Nhn«n¯mgv¯nb ImcyatÃ...!' CXp tI« {]P Ic¨nen\p t{_¡n«p amthensb cq£amsbm¶p t\m¡n. F¶n«v C§s\ ]dªp: "amthen kmtd.. kmdns\¡pdn¨v F´n\p hnjan¡Ww. kmdn\p hÀjmhÀjw XncnsI hcmatÃm. ChnsS Hcn¡epw XncnsI hcm³ ]äm¯ coXnbn 730 F®¯ns\btà AhÀ Hä Nhn«n\p Xmgv¯n¡fªXv..!'

ankvUv tImÄ

tIm¬{Kknse {]iv\§Ä Nmbt¡m¸bnse sImSp¦mäv am{Xsa¶v F.sI.BâWn. þ hmÀ¯

{]iv\§Ä kp[oc\p sseäv, _m_phn\p aoUnbw, D½³NmWvSn¡p kvt{SmwKv, BâWn¡p hn¯u«v!






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