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tamZnbnÃmsX a[y{]tZiv ]nSn¨S¡m³ _nsP]n

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UÂln knwlmk\w ]nSn¡m\pÅ ]Stbm«¯n _nsP]n Gsd {]Xo£ ]peÀ¯p¶ kwØm\amb a[y{]tZinse sXcsªSp¸v t]mcm«w C¶p ]¯p koän \S¡p¶ thms«Spt¸msS ]qÀ¯nbmhpIbmWv. 29 koäpÅ a[y{]tZin 19 koänte¡pÅ thms«Sp¸v t\cs¯ cWvSp L«§fnembn \S¶pIgnªp. C¶p hn[nsbgp¯p \S¡p¶ ]¯p aÞe§fn Bdnepw 2009þ hnPbn¨Xp tIm¬{KkmWv. AXn\m tIm¬{Kkns\ kw_Ôn¨pw \nÀWmbIamWv C¶s¯ thms«Sp¸v.

_nsP]nbpsS ]c¼cmKX iàntI{µ§fnsem¶mWp a[y{]tZiv. Ignª temIvk`m sXcsªSp¸nepw _nsP]n¡mbncp¶p AhnsS ap³Xq¡sa¦nepw tIm¬{Kkn\pw ]nSn¨p\n¡m³ Ignªncp¶p. _nsP]n 16 koäv t\Snbt¸mÄ tIm¬{Kkv 12 koän hnPbn¨p. Hcp koän Pbn¨Xp _nFkv]nbmWv.

F¶mÂ, IgnªhÀjw \S¶ \nbak`m sXcsªSp¸n Imcy§Ä ]qÀWambpw _nsP]n¡v A\pIqeambn amdn. 230 AwK \nbak`bn 165 koäv ]nSn¨S¡n _nsP]n Kw`ochnPbw t\Sn. \nbak`bntebv¡p XpSÀ¨bmbn aq¶mwh«w hnPbw. apJya{´n inhcmPv knwKv Nulmsâ t\XrXz¯n kwØm\¯p \S¡p¶ anI¨ `cWamWp hnPb¯n\p \nZm\ambn hnebncp¯s¸«Xv. tIm¬{Kkn\v 58 koäpsImWvSp Xr]vXns¸tSWvSnh¶p. ]gb \nbak`bnte¡mÄ 13 koäv Ipdhv. _nFkv]nbpsS koäv GgnÂ\n¶p \membn Ipdªp. aq¶p kzX{´cpw hnPbw IWvSp.

a[y{]tZinse hnZni, tZhmkv, DssÖ³, am³UvtkmÀ, cXvew, [À, C³tUmÀ, JmÀtKm¬, JmÞvh, t_«pÄ F¶o temIvk`m aÞe§fnemWv C¶p thms«Sp¸v \S¡p¶Xv. tZhmkv, DÖbn³, am³UvtkmÀ, cXvew, [À, JmÞvh aÞe§fn IgnªXhW tIm¬{Kkn\mbncp¶p hnPbw, `qcn]£w t\À¯Xmbncps¶¦nepw. temIvk`bnse {]Xn]£t\Xmhpw _nsP]n t\Xr\ncbnse {]apJbpamb kpja kzcmPv aÕcn¡p¶ hnZnibmWp C¶p t]mfnwKns\¯p¶ aÞe§fn Gähpw {it²bw.

tIm¬{Kkpw _nsP]nbpw t\À¡pt\À t]mcm«w \S¯p¶ Cc«{[ph cmjv{SobamWp Ignª cWvSp ]XnämWvSmbn a[y{]tZin DWvSmbncp¶Xv. ]n¶oSp _nFkv]nbpw Nne aÞe§fn km¶n[yadnbn¨p. C¡pdn Bw BZvan ]mÀ«nbpw cwK¯ph¶tXmsS Nne aÞe§fn {XntImW aÕc¯nsâ {]XoXnbpWvSv.

\tc{µtamZn cwK¯phcp¶Xphsc _nsP]nbpsS {][m\a{´n Øm\mÀYnIfn Hcmfmbncp¶ kpja kzcmPv IgnªXhW hnZnibn kamPvhmZn ]mÀ«nbpsS Nu[cn ap\m_À kenans\ 3,89,844 thm«n\mWp tXmÂ]n¨Xv. ap³ {][m\a{´n AS _nlmcn hmPvt]bn aÕcn¨p hnPbn¨n«pÅ hnZni _nsP]nbpsS iàntI{µ§fnsem¶mWv. 1989þ\p tijw _nsP]n ChnsS\n¶v H¼XpXhW aÕcn¨p. AXn\p ap¼p XpSÀ¨bmbn cWvSpXhW tIm¬{Kkv hnPbn¨ncp¶p.

a[y{]tZinse ap³ apJya{´nbmb FsFknkn P\d sk{I«dn ZnKvhnPbvknwKnsâ CfbktlmZc³ e£va¬ knwKmWp hnZnibnse tIm¬{Kkv Øm\mÀYn. kpjabvs¡Xntc Bsc aÕcn¸n¡Wsa¶Xn tIm¬{Kkn XÀ¡apWvSmbncp¶p. ap³ Fw]nbmb e£va¬ knwKn\v Ahkm\\nanjamWp koäv \ÂInbXv. 2009þ kpjabvs¡Xntc aÕcn¡m³ \ma\nÀtZi]{XnI \ÂInb cmPvIpamÀ ]t«ensâ ]{XnI ]Xns\m¶mw aWn¡qdn XÅnbXv H¯pIfnaqeamsW¶ Btcm]WapWvSmbncp¶p. CtX¯pSÀ¶p ]t«ens\ BdphÀjt¯¡v tIm¬{KknÂ\n¶p ]pd¯m¡pIbpw sNbvXncp¶p.

cmPvKUv aÞe¯nÂ\n¶v A©pXhW temIvk`bnte¡p sXcsªSp¡s¸«bmfmWp e£va¬knwKv. CXn \mepXhWbpw tIm¬{Kkv Sn¡änembncp¶p. HcpXhW _nsP]n Sn¡änepw. ktlmZc³ ZnKvhnPbv knwKpambpÅ A`n{]mbhyXymks¯¯pSÀ¶mWp e£va¬knwKv tIm¬{KknÂ\n¶p cmPnh¨p _nsP]nbn tNÀ¶Xv. A`n{]mbhyXymk§Ä ]dªpXoÀ¯v At±lw tIm¬{Kkn Xncns¨¯n. 2009þ Pbn¨tijw aÞe¯nte¡p Xncnªpt\m¡m¯ kpjabv¡v hnZni¡mÀ \à adp]Sn \ÂIpsa¶mWp e£va¬knwKv ]dbp¶Xv.

IgnªXhW ]{XnI XÅns¸« cmPvIpamÀ ]t«Â C¡pdn kzX{´\mbn ]{XnI \ÂInbtijw ]n³amdnbXv kpjabv¡p _p²nap«pWvSm¡p¶pWvSv. ]t«Â DÄs¸Sp¶ IncmÀ kapZmbw hnZni aÞe¯n KWyamb iànbmWv. IncmÀ kapZmb¯nsâ thm«v tIm¬{Kkv Øm\mÀYn¡v e`n¡psa¶mWp IcpXs¸Sp¶Xv.

hnZni temIvk`m aÞe¯n DÄs¸Sp¶ F«p \nbak`m aÞe§fn Bdnepw IgnªhÀjw \S¶ sXcsªSp¸n hnPbn¨Xp _nsP]nbmbncp¶p. tIm¬{Kkn\p cWvSp koäv In«n.

_nsP]nbpsS {][m\a{´n Øm\mÀYn \tc{µtamZnbpsS t]cp ]dªÃ kpja kzcmPv C¯hW hnZnibn thm«p]nSn¡p¶Xv F¶Xp {it²bamWv. a[y{]tZinse inhcmPvknwKv Nulm³ kÀ¡mÀ \S¯p¶Xpt]mepÅ hnIk\{]hÀ¯\§Ä tI{µ¯nepw \S¯m³ _nsP]nsb A[nImc¯nteäpI F¶mWv AhcpsS A`yÀY\. a[y{]tZin _nsP]n anI¨ hnPbw t\Snbm AXnsâ s{IUnäv t]mhpI tamZn¡mbncn¡nà apJya{´n Nulm\mbncn¡pw. tamZn¡p ]Icw Hcp H¯pXoÀ¸p Øm\mÀYnsb Bhiyambn h¶m {][m\a{´n Øm\t¯¡v I®ph¨n«pÅ HcmfmWp inhcmPvknwKv Nulm³ F¶Xp clkyaÃ.

a[y{]tZinse 29 koäpw ]nSn¨S¡m³ Ignbptam F¶mWp _nsP]nbpsS t\m«w. AXn\p Ignªnsænepw `qcn]£w koäpIfpw C¯hW X§Ä¡mbncn¡psa¶p _nsP]n Dd¸n¡p¶p. apJya{´n Nulmsâ Ignª F«phÀjs¯ anI¨ `cWamWv AXn\v B[mcambn AhÀ FSp¯pIm«p¶Xv. Nulmsâ anI¨ {]XnÑmb a[y{]tZinse ]c¼cmKX tIm¬{Kkv thm«pIfn hnÅ hogv¯nbn«pWvSv F¶p \nco£IÀ IcpXp¶p. tI{µa{´n tPymXncm ZnXy knÔybmbncp¶p C¡pdn a[y{]tZin tIm¬{Kknsâ {]NmcW§Ä¡p Np¡m³ ]nSn¨Xv.

_nsP]n a[y{]tZin Gähpw anI¨ {]IS\w ImgvNh¨Xv 2004þembncp¶p. A¶p kwØm\s¯ 29 koän 25þDw _nsP]n t\Sn. C¡pdn AXv BhÀ¯n¡m\mWv _nsP]nbpsS {iaw. ZnKvhnPbvknwKv, IaÂ\mYv, tPymXncmZnXy knÔy XpS§nb t\Xm¡Ä tIm¬{Kkn\p a[y{]tZinÂ\n¶psWvS¦nepw inhcmPvknwKv Nulmsâ P\Iob X{´§sf ^e{]Zambn {]Xntcm[n¡m³ ChÀ¡mÀ¡pw Ignbp¶nà F¶XmWp tIm¬{Kkns\ hnjan¸n¡p¶Xv.


PbefnX Nncn¡p¶p; ]nSn¨p\n¡m³ UnFwsI

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XangIw \msf t]mfnwKv _q¯ntebv¡p \o§pIbmWv. apJya{´n PbefnX temIvk`m sXcsªSp¸n aÕcn¡p¶nÃ. F¦nepw PbefnXbpsS {][m\a{´n]Z tamlw, Asæn km[yX, C¯hW Xangv\m«nse sXcsªSp¸pNn{Xs¯ \nÀWbn¨ Hcp {][m\ LSIambncp¶p.

]XnämWvSpIÄ¡ptijw {ZmhnU I£nIfpsSsbm¶pw kJyanÃmsX tIm¬{Kkv Häbv¡p aÕcn¡p¶psh¶ {]tXyIXbpw Cu temIvk`m sXcsªSp¸n\pWvSv. apJya{´n PbefnXbpsS I£nbmb A®m UnFwsIbpw kwØm\s¯ 39 koänepw Häbv¡p aÕcn¡pt¼mÄ UnFwsIbpw _nsP]nbpw X§fpsS ap¶WnIfpWvSm¡nbmWp t]mcm«w. A®m UnFwsIbv¡v Gähpw anI¨ hnPbw {]hNn¡pt¼mÄ tIm¬{Kkv Hcp koänse¦nepw Pbn¡ptamsb¶ kwibw {]ISn¸n¡pIbmWp A`n{]mb kÀth¡mÀ.

C´ybnse kwØm\§fn P\kwJybn GgmwØm\¯pw hnkvXrXnbn ]Xns\m¶mw Øm\¯pamWp Xangv\mSv. 5.5 tImSn thm«ÀamÀ. sam¯w 845 Øm\mÀYnIfmWv C¡pdn aÕccwK¯pÅXv. Chcn 55 t]À kv{XoIfmWv. 2009þse sXcsªSp¸n bp]nFbnembncp¶ IcpWm\n[nbpsS UnFwsIbv¡v 18 koäpw kJyI£nbmb tIm¬{Kn\v F«p koäpw e`n¨p. FUnFwsIbv¡p In«nbXv H¼Xp koäv am{Xw. C¯hW B Nn{Xw ]mtS amdpsa¶mWv FÃmhcpsSbpw hnebncp¯Â.

{ioe¦³ {]iv\¯nsâ t]cp ]dªv UnFwsI 2013 amÀ¨v 19þ\p bp]nF kÀ¡mcn\pÅ ]n´pW ]n³hen¨tXmsSbmWp UnFwsIþtIm¬{Kkv _Ôw XIÀ¶Xv. ]pdta ]dbp¶Xp {ioe¦³ {]iv\amsW¦nepw _Ôw XIcm\pÅ bYmÀY ImcWw 2Pn kvs]Iv{Sw hnhmZamWv. kvs]Iv{Sw hnhmZ¯n UnFwsI¡mc\mb tI{µ sSentImw a{´n F. cmP cmPnhbv¡pI am{Xaà Pbnen InSt¡WvSn hcnIbpw sNbvXp. IcpWm\n[nbpsS aIfpw Fw]nbpamb I\nsamgnbpw Pbnenembn. Cu hnjb¯n tIm¬{Kkv thWvS{X klmbn¨nsömWp UnFwsIbpsS ]cmXn. aIÄ Pbnenemb A¶p _Ôw apdn¡m³ IcpWm\n[n Xocpam\n¨XmWt{X. tIm¬{Kknsâ km[yXIÄ a§nbt¸mÄ ]ns¶ aSn¨p\n¶nÃ.

Häbv¡p aÕcn¡p¶ tIm¬{Kknsâ \ne hfsc ]cp§enemWv. tXmÂhn `b¶p {]apJ t\Xm¡Ä ]ecpw aÕc¯nÂ\n¶p amdn\n¡p¶p. tI{µa{´nk`bnse {]apJ\mb [\a{´n ]n. NnZw_chpw jn¸nwKv a{´n Pn.sI. hmk\pw C¡q«¯nepWvSv. NnZw_c¯nsâ Øncw koämb inhKwKbn C¡pdn ]p{X³ ImÀ¯n NnZw_cw aÕcn¡p¶p. abnemSpXpdbn aÕcn¡p¶ aWni¦À A¿cmWv C¯hW sXcsªSp¸pcwK¯pÅ tIm¬{Kkv t\Xm¡fn XesbSp¸pÅ BÄ. Xangv\m«n tIm¬{Kkn\v Gähpw Pbkm[yXbpÅ koäpw CXpXs¶.

UnFwsIbpw _nsP]nbpw ap¶WnIfpWvSm¡nbmWp P\hn[n tXSp¶Xv. UnFwsI 34 koän aÕcn¡pt¼mÄ A©p koäpIÄ kJyI£nIÄ¡p \ÂIn. hnSpXsse NncpXmbvIÄ I£n (hnknsI)þ2 koäv, a\ntXb a¡Ä I£n, apkvenweoKv, ]pXnb XangIw þ Hmtcm koäphoXw F¶nhbmWv UnFwsI ap¶WnbnepÅ I£nIÄ. UnFwsIbnse cWvSma\mb ktlmZc³ Fw.sI. Ìmen\pambpÅ A[nImc¯À¡s¯¯pSÀ¶p ]mÀ«nbnÂ\n¶p ]pd¯m¡s¸« ap³ tI{µa{´n Fw.sI. AgKncnbpsS FXnÀ¸v a[pc taJebn UnFwsIbv¡p IqSpX £oWapWvSm¡psa¶p hnebncp¯s¸Sp¶p.

PbefnXsb¡qSn F³UnFbn In«nbm tI{µ`cWw Dd¸n¡msa¶p IW¡pIq«nb _nsP]n A®m UnFwsIbpambn kJyapWvSm¡m³ Ahkm\\nanjwhsc {iaw \S¯nbXmWv. AXp ^en¡msX h¶t¸mgmWv \S³ hnPbIm´nsâ UnFwUnsI t]mepÅ I£nIsf DÄs¸Sp¯n thsd ap¶WnbpWvSm¡m³ _nsP]n \nÀ_ÔnXambXv. UnFwUnsIþ14 koäv, Fkv. cmwZmknsâ ]«mfn a¡Ä I£nþ8 koäv, _nsP]nþ7 koäv, ssht¡mbpsS FwUnFwsIþ7 koäv, C´y P\mbI I£nþ1 koäv, sIm¦p\mSp a¡Ä tZiobI£nþ1 koäv, ]pXnb \oXn I£nþ1 koäv F¶nhbmWp F³UnF ap¶WnbnepÅ I£nIÄ.

2009þ A®m UnFwsI ap¶WnbnepWvSmbncp¶ kn]nFw, kn]nsF I£nIÄ¡pw C¯hW PbefnX koäv \ÂInbnÃ. kn]nFw P\dÂsk{I«dn {]Imiv Imcm«v t\cn«ph¶p IWvSn«pt]mepw PbefnX I\nªnÃ. AXn\m kn]nF½pw kn]nsFbpw CSXpap¶WnbpWvSm¡n aÕcn¡p¶p. kn]nFw H¼Xp koänepw kn]nsF F«p koänepamWp P\hn[n tXSp¶Xv.

Bw BZvan ]mÀ«n 25 koän aÕcn¡p¶p. I\ymIpamcnbn aÕcn¡p¶ IqSwIpfw BWhhncp²kanXn A[y£³ Fkv.]n. DZbIpamdmWv Bw BZvan Øm\mÀYnIfn {][m\n.

aÕccwK¯pÅ {]apJcn A®m UnFwsIbpsS knänwKv Fw]n Fw. X¼nZpssc (IcqÀ), F. A³hÀ cmPp (cma\mY]pcw), UnFwsIbpsS ap³ tI{µa{´namcmb Zbm\n[n amc³ (sNss¶ sk³{SÂ), F. cmP (\oeKncn), Sn.BÀ. _mep (X©mhqÀ), _nsP]nbpsS FÂ. KtWi³ (sNss¶ ku¯v), s]m³ cm[mIrjvW³ (I\ymIpamcn) F¶nhÀ DÄs¸Sp¶p. FUnFwsIbpsS ssht¡m hncpZp\Kdnepw F.KtWiaqÀ¯n CutdmUnepw ]nFwsIbpsS ap³ tI{µa{´n A³]paWn cmwtZmkv [Àa]pcnbnepw aÕcn¡p¶p. C.hn.sI.Fkv. Cft¦mh³ (Xncp¸qÀ), F³.Fkv.hn. Nn¯³ (UnWvSnKÂ), Fkv. Xncp\mhp¡civ (cma\mY]pcw) F¶nhcmWp aWni¦À A¿À¡p ]pdta aÕccwK¯pÅ {]apJ tIm¬{Kkv Øm\mÀYnIÄ.

UnFwsI henb AgnaXnbmtcm]W§Ä t\cnSp¶ kmlNcy¯n 2011 se \nbak`m sXcsªSp¸nepWvSmbXpt]mepÅ A\pIqe XcwKamWv A®m UnFwsI {]Xo£n¡p¶Xv. tIm¬{Kkv, _nsP]n ap¶WnIÄ¡p hyàamb `qcn]£w e`n¡nsöpw aq¶mw ap¶Wn I£nIÄ¡p kÀ¡mcpWvSm¡m³ Ahkcw e`n¨m {][m\a{´nbmIm³ {ian¡msa¶pamWv AhcpsS IW¡pIq«Â.

A`n{]mbkÀthIsf¡pdn¨p ]ehn[ Bt£]§Ä DbÀ¶n«psWvS¦nepw PbefnX BËmZ¯nemWv. an¡ A`n{]mbkÀthIfpw \ÂIp¶ kqN\ Xangv\m«nse ^ew A®m UnFwsIbv¡v A\pIqeambncn¡psa¶mWv.

amÀ¨vþG{]nen \S¯nb knF³F³þsF_nF³ kÀth {]Imcw FUnFwsIbv¡v 15þ21 koäpw UnFwsI ap¶Wn¡v 10þ16 koäpw _nsP]n ap¶Wn¡v 6þ10 koäpw e`n¡pw. Cu amkw \S¯nb F³UnSnhn kÀth {]Imcw FUnFwsIbv¡v 22 koäpw UnFwsI ap¶Wn¡v 14 koäpw _nsP]n ap¶Wn¡v aq¶p koäpamWp e`n¡pI. Cu amkwXs¶ \S¯nb C´y SpsU kÀth FUnFwsIbv¡v 20þ24 koäpw UnFwsI ap¶Wn¡v 9þ13 koäpw _nsP]n ap¶Wn¡v 4þ6 koäpw aäpÅhÀ¡v 0þ2 koäpw {]hNn¡p¶p.


FhnsSt¸mbn B hnam\w?

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FÃmw icnbmWv, ip`cm{Xn... (HmÄ ssdäv, KpUv ss\äv). Ignª amÀ¨v F«n\p atejy³ XeØm\amb Izmemew]qcn \n¶p ssN\bpsS XeØm\amb s_bvPnwKnte¡p ]d¶ atejy³ FbÀsse³knsâ 370þ mw \¼À hnam\¯n \n¶p e`n¨ Ahkm\ ktµiw CXmbncp¶p. XpSÀ¶p hnam\w A{]Xy£ambn. hnam\¯n 227 bm{X¡mcpw 12 Poh\¡mcpapWvSmbncp¶p. A¼Xntesd Znhk§Ä ]n¶n«n«pw B hnam\¯n\v F´p kw`hn¨p F¶Xn\v BÀ¡pw hyàamb D¯canÃ. thymabm\ Ncn{X¯nse Gähpw Zpcqlamb Xntcm[m\ambn AXp XpScp¶p.

atejy³ hnam\¯n\pthWvSnbpÅ At\zjWw Ct¸mgpw XpScpIbmWv. kapt{Zm]cnXe¯nepw A´À`mK¯pw. F¶n«pw \nÀWmbIamsbmcp hgn¯ncnhn\pthWvSn temIw sImXn¡p¶p. imkv{Xþkmt¦XnI cwKs¯ t\«§fn A`nam\n¡p¶ a\pjy³ `qansb C\nbpw ]qÀWambpw Adnªn«nsö kXyamWv atejy³ hnam\¯nsâ Xntcm[m\¯neqsS Dd¸n¡p¶Xv. t\ms¡¯mZqcw ]c¶pInS¡p¶ kap{Z¯neqsS ]mbvh©nbn \o§p¶ HcmfpsS Nn{Xw D]{Klw H¸nsbSp¯psh¶ hmÀ¯bv¡p Znhk§fpsS ]g¡tabpÅq. F¶n«pw BImi¯p e£ywsXän¸d¶ Hcp Iqä³ hnam\w Ft§m«pt]msb¶Xp ZpcqlXbmbn tijn¡p¶p.

amÀ¨v F«n\v, hnam\w ImWmXmbXn\p sXm«p]n¶mse C´ybpsS B³Uam³þ \nt¡m_À Zzo]pIÄ¡p kao]¯pÅ ISenepw ]cnkc¯pambncp¶p sXc¨nÂ. GXm\pw Znhk¯n\Iw CXp aem¡ ISenSp¡phsc \oWvSp. F¦nepw Hcp kqN\bpw e`n¨nÃ. hnam\¯n\v F´p kw`hn¨psh¶dnbm³ temIsa¼mSpapÅ thymabm\ hnZKv[À CXn\nsS {ian¨p. cWvSp {_n«ojv hnZKv[cpsS \nKa\§fpsS ASnØm\¯n atejy³ kÀ¡mÀ Ccp]XmwXobXn Hcp Imcyw ØncoIcn¨p, ]d¡en\nsS hnam\¯nsâ Zni amdnsb¶pw C´y³ almkap{Z¯n XIÀ¶phogpIbmbncp¶psh¶pw. bm{X¡mÀ Poht\msS Ahtijn¡p¶nsöpw atejy³ kÀ¡mÀ Adnbn¨p.

{_n«ojv FbÀ BIvknUâv C³shÌntKj³ {_m©v (FFsF_n) hnZKv[cpsS klmbt¯msSbmbncp¶p Cu IsWvS¯epIÄ. bm{X¡mcpsSbpw hnam\Poh\¡mcpsSbpw _Ôp¡fpsS {]Xntj[w CtXmsS iàambn. CâÀ\mjW knhn Ghntbj³ HmÀKss\tkj³ (sFknFH) N«§Ä A\pkcn¨v XpSÀAt\zjWhpw A\nhmcyambn. A]IS¯nÂs¸« hnam\hpw A]ISØehpw IsWvS¯m³ Xnc¨n IqSpX hn]peam¡n.

A´mcmjv{Skaqlhpw DWÀ¶p. hnhn[ cmPy§fpsS kmt¦XnI kwhn[m\§fpw I¸epIfpw hnam\§fpw sXc¨nen ]¦ptNÀ¶p. `qansb hewhbv¡p¶ D]{Kl§Ä hnam\ Ahinã§fpsS Zriy§Ä¡mbn ]cXn. amÀ¨v ]Xnaq¶n\p sXc¨nensâ cWvSmwL«w Bcw`n¨p. ]pXnb hnhc§fpsS ASnØm\¯n kpam{Xbnte¡pw ]cnkct¯¡pw sXc¨n hym]n¸n¡pIbmsW¶v sshävlukv {]kv sk{I«dn sP ImÀs\ ]dªp. CtXmsS Hmkvt{Senb³ amcnssSw tk^vän AtYmcnänbpsS(FFwFkvF)bpsS t\XrXz¯nembn sXc¨nÂ.

GItZiw 6,00,000 NXpc{i IntemaoäÀ hnkvXrXnbpÅ {]tZi¯mbncp¶p cWvSmwL«¯nse At\zjWw. aq¶mwL«ambt¸mtg¡pw Xnc¨n taJe hoWvSpw hnIkn¨p. CXn\p ]n¶msebmWp \nÀWmbI hnhc§sf¶p IcpXp¶ GXm\pw D]{Kl Nn{X§Ä e`n¨Xv. CtXmsS sXc¨n C´y³ almkap{Z¯n Hmkvt{SenbbpsS kao]t¯¡p tI{µoIcn¨p. s]À¯n\p sX¡p]Snªmdv, a\pjykm¶n[yanÃm¯ kap{Z {]tZi¯p XpS§nb Xnc¨n C¶pw Ahkm\n¨n«nÃ. ssN\, Atacn¡, \yqkne³Uv, C´y XpS§nb cmPy§fnse 10 thymatk\m hnam\§fmWp sXc¨nen\p \ntbmKn¡s¸«ncn¡p¶Xv. hnam\ `mK§Ä t]mse tXm¶n¡p¶ hkvXp¡Ä Ptem]cnXe¯n HgpIn\S¡p¶Xmbn XpS¡¯n IsWvS¯nbncp¶p.

CXn\nsS At\zjW¯n hgn¯ncnhmIpsa¶ {]Xo£tbmsS hnam\¯nsâ »mIvt_mIvkn \ns¶¶p IcpXp¶ ktµi§Ä e`n¨p. CtXmsS At\zjWw ISensâ ASn¯«nte¡pw hym]n¸n¨p. hnam\¯nsâ k©mcclky§Ä Hfn¨ncn¡p¶ »mIvt_mIvkv IsWvS¯pIbmbncp¶p e£yw. kzbw\nb{´nX ap§n¡¸emb »q^n³ 21 kap{Z¯nsâ 2000 NXpc{i Intemaoätdmfw hnkvXrXnbn Acn¨ps]dp¡n¡gnªp. hnam\¯nsâ sXc¨nepambn _Ôs¸«v F«mas¯ L«amWp ap§n¡¸Â D]tbmKn¨p ]ptcmKan¡p¶Xv. »mIv t_mIvknsâ _mädnbpsS tijn A\pZn\w Ipdªphcp¶Xn\m iÐXcwK§Ä e`n¡m\pÅ km[yX Znhkw IgnbpwtXmdpw CÃmXmbns¡mWvSncn¡pIbmWv.

\nÝbn¨ncn¡p¶ {]tZi¯nsâ aq¶nÂcWvSp Øe¯v Cu BfnÃm A´Àhmln\n Xnc¨n ]qÀ¯nbm¡n. Ahtijn¡p¶ Øe¯p {]Xo£tbmsS I®p\«ncn¡pIbmWp atejy³ A[nIrXcpw hnam\¯nepWvSmbncp¶hcpsS _Ôp¡fpw. C{Xbpw hn]pehpw sshhn[yhpamÀ¶ ]cntim[\bnepw hnam\¯nsâ Hcp Ahinãhpw IsWvS¯m\mbnà F¶Xp \ncmi krãn¨n«pWvSv. hnam\mhinã§sfm¶pw IsWvS¯nbnsæn aäp amÀK§Ä kzoIcn¡psa¶p atejy³ {]Xntcm[a{´n lnjmap±o³ lpssk³ ]dbp¶p.

kapt{Zm]cnXe¯nepw sXc¨n \S¡p¶pWvSv. Icbnepw ISenepambn Xnc¨nen\v 26 cmPy§Ä klIcn¨pIgnªp. 43 I¸epIfpw 58 hnam\§fpw BfnÃm A´Àhml\nbpsaÃmw sXc¨nen ]¦mfnIfmbn. {]£pÏamb kap{Zhpw Nmä agbpw kapt{Zm]cnXet¯mSp tNÀ¶pÅ taL§fpw ]et¸mgpw sXc¨nen\p XSkambn. C´y Hcp s]mkoU³ ]n 81 hnam\hpw Hcp slÀ¡penkv kn 130 hnam\hpamWp sXc¨nen\mbn hn«p\ÂInbXv.

CsXms¡bmsW¦nepw amÀ¨v F«n\v bYmÀY¯n F´mWp \S¶sX¶p temI¯n\v CXphsc t_m[yambn«nÃ. hnam\w AXnsâ k©mc]Y¯n \n¶p Zniamdn, CÔ\w XoÀ¶tXmsS GtXm kap{Z¯n hoWp F¶mWv Gähpw iàamb \nKa\w. CXp ]qÀWambpw ØncoIcn¡m\mbnsænepw CXn\p hnizk\obamb sXfnhpIÄ F¶ \nebn D]{Kl knáepIÄ e`n¨ncp¶p. G{]n A©p apX F«phscbmWv Ch e`n¨Xv.

Izmemew]qcn \n¶p s_bvPnwKnte¡pÅ bm{X¡nsS hnbäv\man\pw ssN\¡panSbnse thymamXnÀ¯nbn h¨mWv FbÀ{Sm^nIv I¬t{Smfpambn hnam\¯n\pÅ _Ôw hntÑZn¡s¸«Xv. hnam\w B³Uam³ ISentem ssN\bntem XIÀ¶phoWncn¡msa¶pw Xmen_m³ Xo{hhmZnIÄ A^vKm\nØm\nte¡p X«ns¡mWvSpt]mbncn¡msa¶pw A`yql§fpWvSmbn. hnam\¯nse bm{X¡mÀ A^vKm\nØm\nepsWvS¶ Xc¯nepÅ Nne InwhZ´nIÄ IgnªbmgvNbpw h¶ncp¶p. hnam\¯n\v F´p kw`hn¨p F¶ Imcy¯n DS³ XoÀ¸pWvSmIpsa¶ {]Xo£IÄ »mIvt_mIvkv hosWvSSp¡m³ Ignbm¯Xn\m t\À¯pt\À¯phcnIbmWv.

»mIvt_mIvkv IsWvS¯nbm hnam\¯n\v F´p kw`hn¨psh¶ Imcyw GItZiw Adnbm\mIpw. A¼Xntesd Znhk§fmbn FhnsStbm Hfn¨ncn¡p¶ atejy³ hnam\s¯ BfnÃm A´Àhmln\nbmb »q^n\p IsWvS¯m\mIptam? temIw {]Xo£tbmsS Im¯ncn¡pIbmWv.


AhImihmZ§fnse XcwKw

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temIvk`m sXcsªSp¸v A©pL«w ]n¶n«pIgnªt¸mtg¡pw IqSpX {]hN\mXoXambn amdpIbmWv. hÀ[n¨ t]mfnwKv iXam\w X§Ä¡v A\pIqeamsW¶v FÃm I£nIfpw ap¶WnIfpw hmZn¡p¶p. Cu AhImihmZ§fnse \nPØnXn Adnbm³ tabv 16\p ^ew Adnbp¶Xphsc Im¯ncn¡pItb \nÀhmlapÅq.

tamZn A\pIqe am[ya {]NmcW§fneqsSbmWv C¯hW sXcsªSp¸n\p tIfnsIm«v DbÀ¶Xv. Btcm]W§fpsS ]Zvahyql¯n\pÅnÂ\n¶p ]pd¯pIS¡m\mhmsX tIm¬{Kkv hnjan¨p. F¶mÂ, ]Xn\mdmw temIvk`m sXcsªSp¸v ]mXnL«amIpt¼mÄ Cu AhØbv¡p amäwhcnIbmWv. \tc{µ tamZn¡p t\À¡pt\À \n¶p s]mcpXm\pÅ ssh`hw cmlp KmÔnbpw BÀPn¨pIgnªp. cmPy¯p tamZn XcwKansöp _nsP]nbpsS apXnÀ¶ t\Xmhv apcfo at\mlÀ tPmjn Xs¶ hyàam¡n. F¦nepw tamZn A[nImc¯nse¯pw F¶ a«nemWv Ct¸mgpw am[ya§fpsS {]NmcWw. A`n{]mbkÀthIsfbmWv ChÀ Iq«p]nSn¡p¶Xv. ChbpsS B[nImcnIX Xnc¡m³ BÀ¡p kabw?

2004se temIvk`m sXcsªSp¸nepw Ct¸mgt¯Xn\p kam\amb {]NmcWapWvSmbncp¶p. C´y Xnf§p¶p F¶ ap{ZmhmIy¯neqsSbmWv _nsP]n A¶p henb XcwKapbÀ¯m³ {ian¨Xv. _nsP]n¡p ap¶qdne[nIw koäp In«psa¶mbncp¶p A¶s¯ kÀth {]hN\§Ä. F¶mÂ, ^ew h¶t¸mÄ _nsP]n¡p In«nbXv 135 koäv. kJyI£nIÄ¡p In«nbXpwIqSn Iq«nbm 185. kÀth ^e§sf ]cnlmkyam¡n 145 koäv t\Sn Gähpw henb Hä¡£nbmbn¯oÀ¶ tIm¬{Kkv tI{µ¯n ]pXnb kÀ¡mcpWvSm¡n.

2009 se sXcsªSp¸nepw _nsP]n hnPbkm[yX IW¡pIq«nsb¦nepw AhcpsS koäv 116 Bbn IpdbpIbmbncp¶p. C¡pdn _nsP]n Ccp\qdne[nIw koäv t\Spsa¶mWp an¡ kÀthIfpw ]dbp¶Xv. F§s\F¶Xn\p hnizmktbmKyamb hniZoIcW§fnÃ. temIvk`bnse 543 koäpIfnte¡mWp sXcsªSp¸p \S¡p¶Xv. CXn ap¶qtdmfw koäpIfn _nsP]n Hcp iàntb Asöp (Asæn AhÀ¡v H«pw hnPbkm[yXbnsöp) hnaÀiIÀ NqWvSn¡m«p¶p. _m¡n 243 koänÂ\n¶p thWw AhÀ¡p Pbn¨pIbdm³.

2009 tIm¬{Kkv 440 koänepw _nsP]n 433 koänepw aÕcn¨ncp¶p. tIm¬{Kkv 350 koän Pbn¡pItbm cWvSmwØm\s¯¯pItbm sNbvXp. _nsP]n Ht¶m ctWvSm Øm\s¯¯nb koäpIfpsS F®w 226. AXmbXv 125 koänsâ hyXymkw. Cu ØnXn C¡pdn amdpsa¶mWp A`n{]mb kÀth¡mÀ {]hNn¡p¶Xv. 2009 tIm¬{Kkpw _nsP]nbpw t\cn«v Gäpap«nbXv 140 koänemWv. A¶p _nsP]nbnÂ\n¶v 26 koäv tIm¬{Kkv ]nSns¨Sp¯p.

GXm\pw amkw ap¼p \nbak`m sXcsªSp¸n cmPØm³, a[y{]tZiv, O¯okvKUv kwØm\§fn _nsP]n t\Snb h³ hnPbamWp temIvk`m sXcsªSp¸nepw AXv BhÀ¯n¡psa¶p IcpXm³ _nsP]n A\p`mhnIÄ¡v Bßhnizmkw \ÂIp¶Xv. ]t£ temIvk`m sXcsªSp¸n AXv AtX]Sn BhÀ¯n¡Wsa¶p bmsXmcp \nÀ_ÔhpanÃ. 2009se temIvk`m sXcsªSp¸n\p sXm«pap¼p \S¶ \nbak`m sXcsªSp¸n a[y{]tZiv, O¯okvKUv, KpPdm¯v kwØm\§fn _nsP]n h³ hnPbw t\Snbncp¶p. F¶mÂ, temIvk`m sXcsªSp¸n Cu hnPbw BhÀ¯n¡m\mbnÃ.

80 koäpÅ D¯À{]tZin C¡pdn 50 kosä¦nepw t\Spsa¶mWp _nsP]nbpsS AhImihmZw. F¶mÂ, Ignª cWvSp temIvk`m sXcsªSp¸nepw bp]nbnÂ\n¶p ]¯p koän IqSpX t\Sm³ Cu ]mÀ«n¡p Ignªncp¶nÃ. bp]nbnÂ\n¶p 22 koäv 2009 tIm¬{Kkn\p In«nbncp¶p.

asämcp {][m\kwØm\w _nlmdmWv. 40 koäpÅ ChnsS _nsP]n¡p IgnªXhW t\«apWvSmbXp P\XmZÄþbphpambpÅ Iq«psI«neqsSbmWv. C¯hW P\XmZÄ þbp X\n¨mWp aÕcw. dmwhnemkv ]mkzmsâ temIv P\iàn ]mÀ«nbpambn _nsP]n kJyapWvSm¡n. BÀsPUnþ tIm¬{Kkv kJyhpw C¡pdn iàamb \nebnemWv. CXp _nlmdnse {XntImWaÕc¯nsâ ^ew {]hN\mXoXam¡p¶p.

42 koäpÅ ]ivNna_wKmfn _nsP]n¡p Imcyamsbm¶pw {]Xo£n¡m\nÃ. HUoj, tIcfw, lcnbm\, P½pþImjvaoÀ kwØm\§fnepw ]mÀ«n¡p \maam{Xamb kzm[o\tabpÅq.

AtXkabw F³UnF ap¶Wn IqSpX hn]peoIcn¡m³ IgnªXp _nsP]nbpsS {]Xo£IÄ hÀ[n¸n¡p¶ LSIamWv. 1999 kJyI£nbmbncp¶ sXep¦ptZiw _nsP]n ap¶Wnbn Xncns¨¯n. Xangv\m«n UnFwUnsI, FwUnFwsI, ]nFwsI I£nIfpambpw kJyapWvSm¡m³ _nsP]n¡p Ignªp. Z£ntW´ybnepw C¯hW IqSpX t\«apWvSm¡m³ Ignbpsa¶p _nsP]n IW¡pIq«p¶Xnsâ ASnØm\anXmWv.

Z£ntW´ybn _nsP]n¡v Gähpw iànbpÅ kwØm\amWp IÀWmSI. _nsP]n¡p `cWw e`n¨ kwØm\w. ]mÀ«nbnse ]Se¸nW¡§fpw kÀ¡mcns\Xncmb AgnaXnbmtcm]W§fpw aqew IgnªhÀjw \S¶ \nbak`m sXcsªSp¸n _nsP]n¡v AhnsS I\¯ Xncn¨Sntbäp. ap³ apJya{´n _n.Fkv. sbZnbqc¸ ]mÀ«nbnte¡p aS§nh¶Xv C¯hW _nsP]nbpsS {]Xo£IÄ hÀ[n¸n¡p¶pWvSv. s_Ãmcnbn kzm[m\apÅ _n. {iocmapephnsâ aS§nhchpw KpWIcamsW¶p _nsP]n IcpXp¶p. Ignª \nbak`m sXcsªSp¸n thm«v iXam\¯n _nsP]n aq¶mwØm\¯mbncp¶p. sbZnbqc¸bpsS ]mÀ«n 9.8 iXam\hpw {iocmaephnsâ ]mÀ«n 2.7 iXam\hpw thm«v ]nSn¨p. 2009  IÀWmSIbnse 28 koän 19Dw t\Snb _nsP]n C¡pdnbpw {]Xo£ XoÀ¯pw shSnªn«nÃ.

2011se Xangv\mSv \nbak`m sXcsªSp¸n _nsP]n¡p shdpw 2.2 iXam\w thm«mWp e`n¨Xv. AtXkabw 7.9 iXam\w thm«p t\Snb hnPbIm´nsâ UnFwUnsI, 5.23 iXam\w thm«p t\Snb ]nFwsI, ssht¡mbpsS FwUnFwsI F¶nhbpambn _nsP]n tNcpt¼mÄ AXv Gsd¡psd iàamsbmcp ap¶Wnbmbn¯ocp¶p.

sXep¦ptZihpambn kJyapWvSm¡nbXneqsS F³UnFbn iàamsbmcp I£nsb In«n F¶Xn\p ]pdsa B{Ôbn X§fpsS kz´w koänsâ F®w hÀ[n¸n¡m³ Ignbpsa¶pw _nsP]n IcpXp¶p. 25 koäpÅ koam{Ô taJebnemWv sXep¦ptZiwþ_nsP]n kJyw t\«apWvSm¡pI. Häbv¡p\n¶m AhnsS _nsP]n¡v Hä koäp t]mepw In«m³ km[yXbnÃmbncp¶p. koam{Ôbn sshFkvBÀ tIm¬{Kkpw sXep¦ptZiw þ _nsP]n kJyhpw X½nemWp {][m\aÕcw. AtXkabw, sXep¦m\bn apJyt]mcm«w tIm¬{Kkpw sXep¦m\cmjvv{SkanXnbpw X½nemWv. ChnsS sXep¦ptZiwþ_nsP]n kJy¯n\p hnPbkm[yX IpdhmWv.

IW¡pIÄ C§s\sbms¡bmsW¦nepw _nsP]n¡p `cn¡m\pÅ `qcn]£w e`n¡Wsa¦n AZv`pX§Ä kw`hn¡Wsa¶mWv cmjv{Sob\nco£IÀ IcpXp¶Xv. ImcWw _nsP]n ap¶nÂ\nÀ¯p¶ \tc{µ tamZn hntZzjcmjvv{Sob¯nsâ hàmhv F¶ \nebn cmPy¯v C¶v Gähpa[nIw shdp¡s¸Sp¶ t\Xmhp IqSnbmWv. tamZn {][m\a{´nbmIWsa¶v B{Kln¡p¶hcpsS F®s¯t¸mse At±lw {][m\a{´n BIcpsX¶v B{Kln¡p¶hcpsS F®hpw hepXmWv.

hnIk\\mbI³ F¶ apJwaqSn AWnªmWp tamZn {]Xy£s¸Sp¶Xv. tamZn AhImis¸Sp¶ hnIk\¯nsâ bmYmÀYyw AdnbWsa¦n KpPdm¯nsâ DÄ\mSpIfnte¡p t]mIWsa¶p hnaÀiIÀ ]dbp¶p. Hcp KpPdm¯v IpSpw_¯nsâ icmicn {Ibtijn B{Ôm{]tZiv, lcnbm\, lnamNÂ{]tZiv, P½pþImjvaoÀ, IÀWmSI, tIcf, almcmjv{S, ]©m_v, cmPØm³, Xangv\mSv, D¯cmJÞv kwØm\§fnepÅhtc¡mÄ hfsc ]n¶nemsW¶p IW¡pIÄ km£ys¸Sp¯pw. cmPys¯ 20 {][m\kwØm\§fpsS IWs¡Sp¯m D¯À{]tZiv, _nlmÀ, a[y{]tZiv, Hdok F¶o \mep kwØm\§sf¡mÄ am{Xw ap¶nemWp KpPdm¯v.

hnIk\w C¶p hensbmcp cmjv{Sob ap{ZmhmIyamWv. F¶mÂ, G«nse ]ip ]pÃp Xn¶ptam F¶mWv AdntbWvSXv.






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