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a³ In _m¯n\p aWn¨n{X¯mtgm?

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tPmÀPv IÅnhbenÂ

Adnªp {]tbmKn¨nsæn Id§nh¶p Xebv¡Sn¡pw F¶ Xncn¨dnhp sImWvSm tWm F¶pd¸nà {][m\a{´n \tc{µ tamZn am[ya§tfmSv H¶pw Xpd¶p ]dbmtdbnÃ. Gsd¡psd tdUntbmbpsS kz`mhamWv. At§m«p tNmZy§Ä tNmZn¡m\mhnÃ. F¶mÂ, Ct§m«p ]dªp sImtWvSbncn¡pw. tamZnbpsS {]Xnamk tdUntbm ]cn]mSnbmb a³ In _m¯v Xs¶ CXn\v DZmlcWw.

X\n¡p ]dbm\pÅ Imcy§Ä IYbn tNmZyansö coXnbn IyXyambn ]dªp ^en¸n¡m³ km[yamb FÃm am[ya§sfbpw At±lw ]camh[n D]tbmKn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶pWvSv. tÌPv {]kwK§tfm ]{X¡pdn¸pItfm SznäÀ ktµi§tfm kÀ¡mÀ am[ya§fneqsSbpÅ kwkmctam am{XamWp s]mXpth tamZn¡nãw. C¯hW tNmZy§Ä¡p¯cw ]dª tamZn hmÀ¯Ifn CSw]nSn¨Xv AXpsamcp FgpXn¯bmdm¡nb Xnc¡Ybmbncp¶p F¶p shfns¸«tXmsSbmWv.

kÀ¡mÀ A\paXnbpÅ ]cn]mSnIÄ am{Xw {]t£]Ww sN¿p¶ ZqcZÀi\p thWvSn \S¯nb A`napJw t]msebmbn tamZnbpambn AÀWm_v tKmkzman \S¯nb A`napJw. tdmbnt«gvkneqsSbpw _n_nknbneqsSbpw aäpw {]ikvX\mb Snw sk_mÌysâ lmÀUvtSm¡nse anIthm, ap\tbm FÃmhÀ¡pw thWsa¶Ã. ]t£, ‘`cWm[nImcn¡p ]dbm³ CãanÃm¯ Imcy§Ä tNmZn¡pIbpw kÀ¡mÀ am[ya§fneqsS ]pd¯phcm¯ hnhc§fpw clky§fpw ]dbn¸n¡pIbpw BIWw GsXmcp \à ]{X{]hÀ¯I\nÂ\n¶p t{]£IÀ {]Xo£n¡p¶Xv.

tKmKzmbnÃmsX tKmkzman

cmPyw \n§fn \n¶dnbm³ B{Kln¡p¶psh¶p sSenhnj\n ]Xnhmbn Aedp¶ AÀ Wm_v tKmkzmanbpsS tKmKzm hnfnIsfm¶pw tamZnbpambpÅ A`napJ¯n IWvStXbnÃ. ]Xnhp tNmZyic§fpw iÐhpw apX icoc`mjbpw hsc tamZnbpsS ap¶n \ãambXmIpw tKmkzmanbnse ]{X{]hÀ¯I\p ]änb henb \ãw. cm{XnIfnse sSenhnj³ NÀ¨Ifmbmepw A`napJ§ fmbmepw H¸ancn¡p¶hsc sh«n\nc¯n, Xe§pw hne§pw tNmZyic§Ä sXmSp¯v, tNmZy§fpsS N§e¸q«nSp¶ AhXmcI\v BsI amäw. F´nt\ sd A`napJ¯nsâ \nb{´Ww t]mepw \ãs¸Sp¯ns¡mWvSp tamZnsb {]iwkIÄ sImWvSp aqSm\pw aSn¨nÃ. tamZnbpsS kz´w ssa¡p t]mse {]hÀ¯n ¨ tKmkzmansb tamZnbpsS hfÀ¯p]q¨sb¶mWp kaqlam[ya§fn NneÀ Bt£]n¨Xv.

tNmZy§Ä XncnsIhcm¯ ssaXm\ {]kwK¯nemWp tamZnbpsS anIhv. sXcsªSp¸p {]NmcW dmenIfnembmepw Atacn¡bnsebpw Hmkvt{Senbbnsebpw Zp_mbnsebpw thZnIfnembmepw tamZn Ikdpw. tamZn¡p am{Xw kz´amb Hcp tamZn ssÌ {]kwKNmXpcn. thjhpw icoc`mjbpw iÐhyXnbm\§fpw hsc Nn«s¸Sp¯nb {]kwK¯nsâ DÅS¡hpw an¡t¸mgpw ap³Iq«n Xbmdm¡pw. Hmtcm NS§nsebpw ssien H¶mIpsa¦nepw thjcoXnIfpw {]kwK¯nsâ DÅS¡hpw an¡t¸mgpw amdpw.

tI«ncn¡p¶ ImWnIsf Bthi`cnXcm¡p¶ tamZnbpsS {]kwK ssien BtKmfXe¯n {it²bamWv. Hgp¡pÅ lnµnbn aWn¡qdpIÄ {]kwKn¡m³ tamZn¡p anIthsd. C´ybnse P\§fpw hntZi C´y¡mcpw tamZnbpsS {]kwKw tI«v tImÄabnÀ sImÅmXncp¶mte AZv`pXapÅq. cmjv{S¯eh·mÀ AS¡w hntZinIfpw tamZnbpsS {]kwKw tI«v A´n¨ncn¡p¶Xpw IrXyamb CSthfIfn Fgpt¶äp\n¶p IctLmjw apg¡p¶Xpw \mw IWvSXmWv. {][m\ thZnIfnse tamZnbpsS {]kwK§Ä¡p ]n¶n Châv amt\Pvsaâv {Kq¸pIfmsW¶p ]dbp¶hcpWvSv. hntZis¯ {]kwK§Ä¡v Fw_knIÄ apX BÀFkvFkv hscbpÅhcpsS A[zm\hpw ]W¯nsâ Hgp¡pw tamSnIq«p¶pht{X.

hm¡pw ]gb Nm¡pw

{]kwK§fn ]dªsXÃmw \S¸m¡ntbm F¶p tNmZn¡p¶ tamZnhncp²À DWvSmImw. tIm¬{KkpImcpw IayqWnÌpImcpw tamZnsb Ipäs¸Sp¯nbnsænte AZv`pXs¸Sm\pÅq. IŸWw XncnsIsImWvSph¶v Hmtcm C´y¡mc\pw 15 e£w cq] hoXw \ÂIpsa¶p hsc tamZnbpw cmPv\mYv knwKpw aäpw X«nhn«XmWp i{Xp¡Ä IqSpXepw Bt£]n¡p¶Xv. sXcsªSp¸p Ime¯p ]dªsXÃmw Bsc¦nepw AtX]Sn ImcyamsbSp¡ptamsb¶mWp ]n¶oSv CtX¡pdn¨p hniZoIcWw h¶Xv. cWvSp sImÃw ‘`cn¨n«pw Bbncw cq]bpsS hntZi IŸWw F¦nepw sImWvSpht¶msbs¶m ¶pw tNmZn¡cpXv. {]Xo£btà hepXv!

GXmbmepw ]{X{]hÀ¯IcpsS am{Xaà ]mÀesaâv AwK§fpsS t]mepw tNmZywsN¿epIÄ¡p adp]Sn ]dbm³ s]mXpsh hnapJX Im«p¶bmfmWp {][m\a{´n tamZn F¶mWp ]cmXn. ]mÀesaânse _Päv NÀ¨IÄ¡p adp]Sn ]dbpt¼mÄ t]mepw `qcn]£w Fw]namcpw D¶bn¨ tNmZy§tfmSp {]XnIcn¡mt\m, t\cn«pÅ D¯cw ]dbmt\m tamZn Xbmdmbn«nÃ. GXm\pw Nne tNmZy§Ä¡p adp]Sn ]dªncn¡mw F¶Xp am{XamWp temIvk`bnsebpw cmPyk`bnsebpw P\{]Xn\n[nIfpsS Bizmkw. X\n¡p ]dbm\pÅ Imcy§Ä {]`mjWw t]mse ]dbm\mWp {][m\a{´n¡p XmXv]cysa¶v Fw]namÀ¡p t_m[yambn.

h¬th kv]o¨pw SzoäpIfpw HutZymKnI hàm¡tfm, DtZymKØtcm hgnbpÅ Adnbn¸pIfpamWv tamZnbpsS ssien. KpPdm¯v apJya{´nbmbncp¶t¸mgpw ]n¶oSv {][m\a{´n Bbt¸mgpsaÃmw CXmWp coXn. CSbv¡p ZqcZÀi³ {]`mjWhpw BImihmWnbnse a³ In _m¯pw tamZn Iebm ¡n. a³ In _m¯n ap³Iq«n FgpXn \ÂIp¶ tNmZy§fnÂ\n¶v Hmtcm BgvNbnepw sXcsªSp¯ Nne tNmZy§Ä¡mWp {][m\a{´n adp]Sn ]dbp¶Xv. AhnsSt¸mepw {]kwKamWp coXn.

]{Xkt½f\w Hgnhm¡n

{][m\a{´n]Zhnbn aq¶mw hÀj¯nte¡p IS¶n«pw s]mXpth ]{XteJIcnÂ\n¶v AI¶p\n¡pIbmWp {][m\a{´n. tI{µa{´nk`bpsS cWvSmw hmÀjnI¯n\p t]mepw ]{Xkt½f\w Hgnhm¡n. _nsP]n A[y£³ AanXv jmbpw tI{µa{´namcpamWv tamZn¡p thWvSn AsXms¡ \nÀhln¨Xv. hntZibm{XIfpsS Xnc¡pIfnembncp¶p tamZn. A[nImctaän«p cWvSp hÀjw Ignªn«pw Hscmä ]{Xkt½f\w t]mepw \S¯m¯ BZy {][m\a{´nbpamWp tamZn.

kzmX{´y¯n\ptijw PhlÀem s\lvdp hpw CµncmKmÔnbpw cmPohv KmÔnbpw ]n.hn. \cknwldmhphpw apX F._n. hmPvt]bnbpw tUm. a³taml³ knwKpw hscbpÅ ap³KmanIfn \n¶p XnI¨pw `n¶amb coXn. ]{XteJItcmSp kwkmcn¡p¶Xn {]tXyI XmXv]cyw Im«p¶hcmbncp¶p ap³ {][m\a{´namÀ GXmsWvSÃmhcpw. H«pan¡ Imcy§fnepw s]mXpth au\w ]men¡p¶Xn {i²n¡p¶ a³taml³ knwKv t]mepw hntZibm{X Ignªp aS§pt¼msgÃmw hnam\¯n ]{Xkt½f\§Ä \S¯p¶Xnepw IqsSt¸mIp¶ am[ya{]hÀ¯Icpambn hniZambn kwkmcn¡p¶Xnepw ]nip¡p Im«nbn«nÃ.

hntZibm{XIfn am[ya{]hÀ¯Isc IqsSs¡mWvSpt]mIp¶ ]Xnhv Ahkm\n¸n¡pIbmsW ¶p {][m\a{´nbmb DS³ tamZn hyàam¡nbncp ¶p. kzImcy am[ya{]hÀ¯Isc F´n\p kÀ¡mÀ sNehn IqsSs¡mWvSpt]mIWw F¶mWp cmPy s¯ an¡bmfpIfpw tNmZn¨Xv. kXyw apgph³ ] eÀ¡pw AdnbnÃm¯Xn\m Hät\m«¯n tamZnbpsS Xocpam\w icnbmsW¶p cmPyw s]mXpth hnebncp¯n. F¶mÂ, kXyhpw anYym[mcWIfpw X½n AIetasdbmbncp¶p. tamZnbpsS Cu Xocpam\¯n sâ \nPØnXnbpw A\´c^ehpw km[mcW P\§Ä AdnbmsX t]mbn. H¶maXv {][m\a{´ntbmsSm¸w hntZibm{X sN¿p¶ tZiob, {]mtZinI am[ya§fpsS {]Xn\n[nIfpsS tlm«Â Xmakw apXepÅ e£¡W¡n\p cq]bpsS sNehpIsfÃmw AXmXp kzImcy Øm]\§tfm ]{X{]hÀ¯Itcm BWp hln¡p¶Xv. AXmbXp JP\mhnse ]WaÃ.

BUw_cw BImi¯v

{][m\a{´nbpw cmjv{S]Xnbpw k©cn¡p¶ Fb À C´y h¬ F¶ hnam\w NmÀ«À sNbvXXmbXn\m {][m\a{´nbpsS hntZibm{XbpsS sNehn IpdhpWvSmIp¶panÃ. cmjv{S]Xn Ct¸mgpw am[yakwLs¯ IqsS sImWvSpt]mIp¶papWvSv. F´n\,v A tacn¡³ {]knUâv t]mepw Ct¸mgpw FbÀ t^m gvkv h¬ hnam\¯n am[yakwLs¯ IqsS¡q«nbmWp hntZibm{XIÄ. _dmIv H_ma C´ybn h¶t¸mgpw At±lt¯msSm¸w kzImcy am[ya Øm]\§fnse {]Xn\n[nIÄ F¯nbncp¶p.

{][m\a{´nbpsS bm{Xbv¡v Ct¸mgpÅ FbÀ C´ybpsS 400 koäpÅ Iqä³ Cc«\ne hnam\¯n\p ]Icw 1,400 tImSn cq] apS¡n cWvSp ‘`oa³ BUw _c t_mbnwKv 777 hnam\§Ä hm§m³ tamZn Xo cpam\n¨pIgnªp. Atacn¡bpsS FbÀ t^mgvkv h¬ hnam\¯n\v InS]nSn¡p¶XmIpw tamZnbpsS ]pXnb k©mcb{´w. ansskepIÄ G¡m¯, AXym[p\nI CeIvt{SmWnIv \nb{´W k¶ml §fpw bp²t¡m¸pIfpapÅ C´ybpsS FbÀt^m gvkv h¬ BWv hm§p¶Xv. ]t£ Xocpam\w tI {µw Ct¸mgpw clkyam¡n h¨ncn¡pIbmWv.

temI¯nse Gähpw hnkvXmcapÅ Cc« F³Pn\pIfpÅ ]pXnb t_mbnwKv 777 hnam\¯n 314 apX 451 hsc bm{X¡msc Ibäm\mIpw. {][m\a{´n¡pw cmjv{S]Xn¡pw am{Xambn D]tbmKn¡m\pÅXmIpw cWvSp ]pXnb FbÀ t^mgvkv h¬ hnam\§Ä. tamZnbpsS \nÀtZiw ]men¨p {]Xntcm[a{´n at\mlÀ ]co¡dpsS A[y£Xbn Ignª i\nbmgvN tNÀ¶ Un^³kv AIznknj³ Iu¬kn ]pXnb cWvSp hnam\§Ä hm§m³ HutZymKnIambn Xocpam\n¨p. Bbncw tImSnbntesd cq] sNehp hcp¶Xn\m kpc£mImcy§Ä¡pÅ tI{µa{´nk`m kanXnbpsS AwKoImcw ]n¶oSp tXSpw.

A{]nb kXy§fpw Adnbs«

cmPy`cWhpambn _Ôs¸« Hcphn[amb tNmZy§fn \ns¶Ãmw {][m\a{´n tamZn Hgnhmsb¶XmWp cmPy¯n\v Gähpw \ãambXv. cmPys¯ 125 tImSn P\§Ä¡p {][m\a{´ntbmSp t\cn«p IWvSp tNmZyw tNmZn¡m\mInà F¶Xn\memWv am[ya{]hÀ¯IcpsS tNmZy§Ä¡p {]m[m\ytadp¶Xv. AgnaXn¡mcy§Ä apX sXämb Xocpam\§Ä hsc ]eXnepw s\lvdphpw Cµncbpw a³ taml\pw hscbpÅhsc Xpd¶pIm«nbXp CtX am[ya{]hÀ¯IcmsW¶ Imcyw ad¡cpXv.

kÀ¡mcnsâbpw {][m\a{´nbpsS Gdm³aqfnIfmbn {]hÀ¯n¡m³ Ignbp¶ kÀ¡mÀ am[ya§fpsS {]Xn\n[nIsf IqsSs¡mWvSpt]mIm³ tamZn ad¡p¶nÃ. BImihmWn, ZqcZÀi³, {]kv C³^Àtaj³ _yqtdm XpS§nbhcpsS {]Xn\n[nIÄ kÀ¡mÀ sNehn tamZntbmsSm¸w Ct¸mgpw bm{X sN¿mdpWvSv. CXphgn kÀ¡mcnsâbpw tamZnbpsSbpw {]NmcW¯n\p klmbn¡p¶h am{Xta P\§fnse¯pIbpÅq. A{]nbamtb¡mhp¶ kXy§Ä ]pdwtemIw AdnbnÃ. AXpXs¶bmWp henb A]IShpw. cmP`cWIme¯pw ASnb´cmhØ¡me¯pw t]mepw CXmbncp¶nà ØnXn.

P\m[n]Xy¯nsâ iànbpw \ne\nÂ]pw kzX{´amb am[ya{]hÀ¯\amsW¶p `cWLS\m inÂ]nIÄ a\knem¡nbncp¶p. ]mÀesaâpw FIvknIyq«ohpw PpUojdnbpw t]mse {][m\amb P\m[n]Xy¯nsâ \memw XqWmWp am[ya§Ä F¶p ad¡cpXtÃm. cmPy¯v Gähpw hn¹Icambn amdnb, 2005 Pq¬ 15\p ]mÀesaâv ]mkm¡nb, hnhcmhImi \nbaw \S¸nepÅ cmPy¯mWnsX¶XmWp ZpxJIcw. Fs´ms¡ Ipäw ]dªmepw hnhcmhImi \nbaw cmPys¯ km[mcW¡mc\p bp]nF kÀ¡mÀ \ÂInb Gähpw henb Bbp[hpw iànbpamIpw.

kpXmcyX tamSn Iq«pw

FÃm a{´nk`mtbmK Xocpam\§fpw {][m\ a{´n t\cn«p hniZoIcn¡Wsa¶v Bcpw {]Xo£n ¡p¶nÃ. {][m\a{´nbpsS hnes¸« kabw AXn tesd {][m\s¸« ]eXn\pw BhiyamIpw. F¶mÂ, cmPys¯ _m[n¡p¶ {][m\ `cW, cmjv{Sob, \b Xocpam\§sf¦nepw {][m\a{´n t\cn«p hn iZoIcn¡p¶Xp P\m[n]Xy¯n\v A\nhmcyamWv. P\§sf _m[n¡p¶ {]iv\§sf¡pdn¨p cmPy ¯nsâ `cW¯ehsâ \ne]mSpw A`n{]mbhpw \S]SnIfpw Adnbn¡m\pw kwib§Ä ZpcoIcn¡m\pw {][m\a{´n¡p ISabpWvSv. {]Xnamktam aq¶p amk¯nsemcn¡tem F¦nepw ]{Xkt½f\§sf A`napJoIcnt¡WvSXp kpXmcyXbpsSbpw P\IobXbpsSbpw IqSn ImcyamWv.

cWvSp hÀjw ‘`cn¨n«pw Hcp ]{Xkt½f\¯n\pt]mepw XbmdmImsX Hfn¨pIfn¡p¶Xp tamZn Xs¶ ]dbp¶ kXykÔhpw \oXn]qÀhhpamb \ne]mSpIÄ¡p hncp²amWv. tIcf¯n ]Xnhp ]{Xkt½f\§Ä Hgnhm¡nb apJya{´n ]nWdmbn hnPb\pw tamZnbpsS hgn kzoIcn¡p¶Xp A]ISam Ipsa¶Xn i¦nt¡WvS.

P\{]Xn\n[nIfmbn `c W¡tkcbnse¯p¶hÀ X§fpsS P\IobXbpw kpXmcyXbpw Hgnhm¡p¶Xv AhÀ¡pw cmPy¯n\pw Zpc´amIpw. GI]£obamb {]`mjW§tfm ktµi§tfm \ÂIp¶hcÃ, P\§fpsS tNmZy§Ä¡pw kwib§Ä¡pw D¯cw \ÂIp¶ `cW¯eh·mcmWp P\m[n]Xy¯nsâ iàn.

_me\oXn \nbaw: tIcf¯nse kmlNcy§fpw ]cnKWn¡Ww

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^m. tdmbn amXyp hSt¡Â

kÀ¡mcnsâ _me\oXn \nbas¯ FXnÀ¡m³ \mw B{Kln¡p¶nÃ. F¶mÂ, \nba¯nsâ ]cn[nbn hcm¯ Ip«nIfpÅ Øm]\§sf Cu \nba¯nsâ Iogn F´n\p sImWvSphcWw F¶ tNmZyapWvSv.

BÀ«n¡nÄ 214þ 12 ImäKdnIÄ ]dbp¶pWvSv. 1. hotSm XmakØetam D]Poh\amÀKtam CÃm¯hÀ, 2. \nehnepÅ sXmgn \nba§Ä¡p hncp²amb coXnbn tPmenbn GÀs¸«ncn¡p¶tXm `n£ bmNn¡p¶tXm s]mXp\nc¯n Pohn¡p¶htcm BbhÀ, 3. c£IÀ¯mthm kwc£It\m D]{Zhn¡pItbm NqjWw sN¿pItbm A[mÀanIambn D]tbmKn¡pItbm sImÃpsa¶p `ojWns¸Sp¯pItbm sN¿p¶Xp aqeapÅ Bi¦bn Pohn¡p¶hÀ, 4. imcocnIamtbm am\knIamtbm sshIeyapÅtXm, NnInÕn¨p t`Zam¡m³ ]äm¯ amcIamb AkpJapÅtXm Bb Ip«nIÄ, 5. c£IÀ¯m¡Ä DWvSmbncn¡pIbpw F¶m Ip«nbpsS kwc£Ww \S¯m³ IgnhnÃmXncn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶hÀ, 6. amXm]nXm¡Ä DsWvS¦n Xs¶ Ip«nIsf ]cn]men¡m³ AhÀ XbmdmIp¶nsæn A§s\bpÅ Ip«nIÄ, 7. Ip«nIÄ ImWmXmhpIbpw Hfnt¨mSnt¸mhpIbpw AXp amXm]nXm¡Ä At\zjn¨n«pw IsWvS¯m³ km[n¡msX h¶n«pÅ AhØIÄ, 8. ssewKnI Zpcp]tbmK§Ät¡m \nbahncp² {]hÀ¯\§Ät¡m D]tbmKn¡s¸SpIbpw NqjWw sN¿s¸SpIbpw sNbvXn«pÅ Ip«nIÄ, 9. tamiamb coXnbn ImWs¸Sp¶hcpw ab¡pacp¶p hym]mc¯nepw aäpw DÄs¸«pt]mIm³ km[yXbpÅhcpambhÀ, 10. a\xkm£n¡p \nc¡m¯ t\«¯n\mbn Zpcp]tbmKn¡s¸SpItbm A¯cw kmlNcy§fn ImWs¸SpItbm sN¿p¶ Ip«nIÄ, 11. GsX¦nepw Bbp[ kwLÀj§fntem Iem]§fntem s]«p ]oUnXcmb Ip«nIÄ, 12. IeymW{]mbamIp¶Xn\p ap¼pXs¶ amXm]nXm¡tfm c£nXm¡tfm aämsc¦neptam ap¶nÂ\n¶v A\pjvTm\{]Imcw \S¯nb hnhml¯n s]«hÀ.

C¯cw Ip«nIsf Xmsg ]dbp¶ Bdp hn`mKw Øm]\§fnte¡mbncn¡Ww Abbvt¡WvSsX ¶p \nbaw 41þ ]dbp¶p. 1. NnÂ{U³kv tlmw, 2. H_vkÀthj³ tlmw, 3. kvs]j tlmw, 4. t¹kv Hm^v tk^vSn, 5. sj«À tlmw, 6. kvs]jssekvUv AtUm]vj³ skâÀ. Cu Øm]\§sfÃmw Ppssh\ PÌokv t_mÀUn\p Iogn cPnÌÀ sN¿s¸«Xmbncn¡Ww. 12 ImäKdnbn hcp¶ Ip«nIfpw Bdp hn`mKw Øm]\§fnte¡p hcp¶ Ip«nIfpw Cu ]pXnb \nba¯nsâ Iogn cPnÌÀ sN¿s« F¶XmWp \mw ]dbp¶Xv. AÃmsXbpÅ tIcf¯nse 80 iXam\¯ne[nIw hcp¶ Ip«nIÄ ]mÀ¡p¶ Øm]\§Ä F´n\v Cu \nba¯nte¡p cPnÌÀ sN¿Ww?

tIcf¯n 1,195 Øm]\§fmWv HmÀ^t\Pv I¬t{SmÄ t_mÀUn\p Iogn cPnÌÀ sN¿s¸«n«pÅXv. Cu Øm]\§fnembn 52,500 Ip«nIfmWpÅXv. CXn 80 iXam\¯ne[nIw Ip«nIfpw Cu ]dª 12 ImäKdnIfntem \nba]camb {]XnkÔnbntem DÄs¸Sp¶ Ip«nIfÃ. A§s\sb¦n AhÀ¡p {]tXyIamb Hcp kwhn[m\apWvSm¡n B Ip«nIÄ¡p ]Tn¡m\pÅ kmlNcyw DWvSm¡Ww.

Ggp Znhk¯n IqSpX Hcp Ip«nsb ho«n hnSm³ ]mSnà F¶v Cu \nba¯n ]dbp¶pWvSv. A¯cw kmlNcy§fpÅ Ip«nIsf Ggp Znhk¯n IqSpX hnSp¶Xp icnbÃ. tIcf¯nse Ip«nIÄ HmWw, {Inkvakv, hmÀjnI Ah[n F¶n§s\ GItZiw cWvScamkw Ah[n¡p t]mIp¶hcmWv. AhÀ ]T\¯n\pam{Xw ho«nÂ\n¶p hcp¶hcmWv. AXpsImWvSv Cu Ip«nIsf AXnÂ\n¶p amän Hcp {]tXyI ImäKdnbm¡n \nbaw DWvSm¡Ww. ChcpsS \nehnepÅ B\pIqey§Ä \ne\nÀ¯n Hcp e£¯n Xmsg hmÀjnI hcpam\apÅ hoSpIfnse Ip«nIÄ¡p {]tXyIamb kwc£Ww \ÂIWw. tIcf¯n am{Xw Cu \nba¯n\v F´mWp Ipg¸w F¶p tNmZn¨m tIcf¯n am{XamWv C¯c¯n C{Xb[nIw Øm]\§Ä DÅXv F¶XmWp adp]Sn.

tIcf¯nse Ip«nIÄ `qcn`mKhpw C¯cw Øm]\§fn hcm\pÅ {][m\ ImcWw AÑsâ aZy]m\hpw A\p_Ô{]iv\§fpamWv. At¸mÄ Cu Ip«nIÄ¡p hnZym`ymkhpw aäpw e`n¡m³ A½amÀ Cu Øm]\§fn sImWvSph¶p tNÀ¡pIbmWv. `qcn`mKw Ip«nIfpw 10, 12 ¢mkpIÄhsctb ]Tn¡q. tijw amXm]nXm¡fpsS ASp¡te¡p Xncn¨psN¶v XpSÀ]T\w \S¯pItbm aäp ]cnioe\w tXSpItbm BWp sN¿p¶Xv.

]pXnb \nbaa\pkcn¨v GsX¦nepw Ip«n¡p Øm]\¯n {]thi\w In«Wsa¦n t_mÀUnsâtbm I½nänbpsStbm A\paXn thWw. IqSmsX AhÀ ]dbp¶ Ip«nIsf Øm]\¯n FSp¡Ww. Ah[n¡p hnSWsa¦nepw aäpw ChcpsS A\phmZw hm§Ww. 100 Ip«nIÄ¡v 40 Ìm^v thWsa¶pw \nbaw A\pimkn¡p¶p. bYmÀY¯n C¶v \½psS Hcp Øm]\¯n Hcp Ip«n¡v Bhiyamb kwc£Wkabsa¶Xv GgpaWn¡qÀ am{XamWv. cmhnse Bdp apX H¼Xphscbpw XpSÀ¶v sshIpt¶cw A©p apX H¼Xv hscbpw. Cu Ggp aWn¡qtd Ip«n Øm]\¯nsâ kwc£W¯n \ne\n¡p¶pÅq. B kab¯v F´n\mWv C{Xbpw Ìm^nsâ Bhiyw? AXn\m {]XnkÔnIfpw {]iv\§fpapÅ Ip«nIsf \nba¯nsâ ]cn[nbnÂs¸Sp¯n Ahsc {]tXyIambn kwc£n¡pIbmWv thWvSXv.

BZyw kqNn¸n¨ 12 ImäKdnbnÂs¸Sp¶ Hcp Ip«nsb¦nepw Øm]\¯n DsWvS¦n B Øm]\w cPnÌÀ sN¿Wsa¶p hyhØbpWvSv. AXn\pthWvSXv Hmtcm PnÃbnepw C§s\bpÅ Ip«nIÄ¡pthWvSn Ht¶m AXne[nItam Øm]\§Ä kÀ¡mÀ Bcw`n¡pI F¶XmWv. Asæn ]»nIv ss{]häv ]mÀ«nknt¸j\neqsS (]n]n]n) k¶² kwLS\Isf IsWvS¯n kÀ¡mÀ AhÀ¡p \nba]cambn Øm]\§Ä \S¯m³ A\paXn sImSp¡pIbpw ^WvSp \ÂIpIbpw thWw.

Cu \nba¯nsâ ImTn\ywsImWvSv A\h[n Øm]\§Ä kzbw \nÀ¯em¡n¡gnªp. Pqsse 15þ\p tijw \nehnepÅ Øm]\§Ä cPnÌÀ sN¿Ww, Asæn \nÀ¯Ww F¶mWv Ct¸mÄ \njvIÀjn¨ncn¡p¶Xv. Cu kmlNcy¯n ChnsS kÀ¡mÀ CXn\p]bpàamb Hcp \bw cq]oIcn¡pIbmWp thWvSXv. \nbas¯ JÞn¡msX tIcf¯nsâ {]tXyI ]Ým¯e¯n tIcf¯n am{XapÅ {]Xn`mkw F¶ \nebn IWvSv \bw cq]oIcn¡pI. AXsæn `qcn]£w Øm]\§fpw \nÀt¯WvSnhcpw. At¸mÄ ]mhs¸« Ip«nIÄ¡p In«ns¡mWvSncn¡p¶ FÃm B\pIqey§fpw A¯c¯nepÅ FÃm kwhn[m\§fpw \jvSs¸SpIbpw AhÀ hgnbm[mcamIpIbpw sN¿pw.

C´ybn 1974þ Ip«nIÄ¡mbn Hcp tZiob \bw cq]oIcn¡pIbpWvSmbn. hfsc {][m\s¸« kz¯mWp Ip«nIsf¶v AXn ]dbp¶p. XpSÀ¶v 1989þ sFIycmjv{Sk` Ip«nIfpsS AhImi DS¼Sn DWvSm¡n. AXn 1992þ C´y H¸phbv¡pIbpWvSmbn. C´ybpsS `cWLS\bnepw Ip«nIfpsS kwc£Ws¯¡pdn¨p hfsc hyàambn {]Xn]mZn¡p¶pWvSv. CXnsâsbÃmw ]Ým¯e¯nÂ\n¶psImWvSmWp `mcXw Ct¸mgpÅ \nbaw \S¸nem¡m³ {ian¡p¶Xv.

C¯c¯n Hcp A´ÀtZiob \b¯nsâ `mKsa¶\nebn h¶n«pÅXn\m Cu \nbaw XnckvIcn¡mt\m thWvS F¶p ]dbmt\m km[yaÃ. F¶mÂ, C´ybpsSbpw tIcf¯nsâbpw ]Ým¯e¯nÂ, `cWLS\ ]dbp¶Xpt]mse amXm]nXm¡fmWp Ip«nIfpsS kwc£IÀ. AXn\hÀ¡p km[n¡p¶nsæn cmPy¯nsâ D¯chmZnXzamWv Ahsc kwc£n¡pI F¶Xv. \½psS Ip«nIsf C¯c¯n kwc£n¡m\pÅ km¼¯nI ]n³_ew cmPy¯v CÃm¯ kmlNcy¯n hntZi¯pÅ \nbaw AtX]Sn ChnsS {]tbmK¯nem¡m³ {ian¨m AXp henb A]Nb¯n\nSbm¡pw F¶ kXyw FÃmhcpw a\knemt¡WvSXpWvSv.

( HmÀ^t\Pv I¬t{SmÄ t_mÀUv sNbÀam\mWp teJI³)

an¨tam I½ntbm?

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{Sjdnbnse \o¡nbncn¸v 1643.99 tImSn; _nÃpIÄ ]nSn¨phs¨¶p [hf]{Xw

Ignª amÀ¨v 31\v {Sjdnbn dnkÀhv _m¦v IW¡\pkcn¨v 1643.99 tImSn cq ]bpsS \o¡nbncn¸v DWvSmbncp¶Xmbn kwØm\ kÀ¡mÀ C¶se ]pd¯nd¡nb [hf]{X ¯n ]dbp¶p. F¶m Â, kÀ¡mÀ Xe¯nepw {SjdnIfnepw 1800 tImSn cq]bpsS t]bvsaâpIÄ ]nSn¨ph¨mWv Cu \o ¡nbncn¸v Im«nbsX¶pw bYmÀY¯n {Sjdnbn A¶v 173.46 tImSn cq]bpsS I½n DWvSmbncp¶psh¶pw [\a{´n tUm. tXma kv sFk¡v NqWvSn¡m«p¶p.

Ignª A©p hÀjw sImWvSv {Sjdnbnse \o¡nbncn¸v KWyambn IpdªphcnIbmbncp¶p. kzImcy t\«¯n\mbn \nIpXn]ncnhn hcp¯nb KpcpXcamb hogvNbpsS ^eambmWp {SjdnbpsS \ne hjfmbsX¶pw [hf]{X¯n ]dbp¶p. sImSp¯pXoÀ¡m\pÅ t]bvsaâpIÄ Ingn¨v 2006 amÀ¨v 31\v {Sjdnbn 146.72 tImSn cq] \o¡nbncn¸pWvSmbncp¶p. FÂUnF^v kÀ¡mÀ A[nImcsamgnbp¶ 2011 amÀ¨v 31 Bbt¸mÄ CXv 3513.72 tImSn cq]bmbn hÀ[n¨p. ASp¯ hÀjw 2711.17 tImSnbmbn Ipdªp. AXn\Sp¯ hÀjw 3200.77 tImSnbmbn hÀ[n¨p. ]n¶oSv 758.56tImSn, 142.15tImSn F ¶n§s\ Ipdªv Ignª amÀ¨n  173.46 tImSn cq]bpsS I½nbmbn amdnsb¶mWp IW¡v.

CXpIqSmsX ASnb´cambn sImSp¯pXoÀt¡WvS 6302 tImSn cq]bpsS _m[yXIfpw _m¡nh¨n«mWv bpUnF^v kÀ¡mÀ A[nImcsamgnbp¶Xv. kmaqlyt£a s]³j³ IpSninIIÄ, aäp s]³j³ IpSninIIÄ, IcmdpImÀ¡pÅ IpSninI XpS§nbh DÄs¸sSbmWnXv.

CXpIqSmsX {lkzIme _m[yXIfmbn asämcp 4326 tImSn cq]bpapWvSv. s\Ãv kw`cW IpSninI, h³InS tdmUv ]²XnIÄ¡pÅ XpI, kÀhIemime, tIm fPv A[ym]I i¼f ]cnjvIcW IpSninI, knhn kss¹kv tImÀ]tdj\pÅ IpSninI Xp S§nbh DÄs¸sSbmWnXv.

sam¯w ]Xn\mbncw tImSntbmfw cq]bpsS _m[yXIÄ ]pXnb kÀ¡mcns\ G¸n¨mWv bpUnF^v kÀ¡mÀ A[nImcsamgnªsX¶p [hf]{Xw ]dbp¶p.

[hf]{Xaà Icnw]{Xw: sI.Fw. amWn

[\a{´n tUm. tXmakv sFkIv \nbak`bn AhXcn¸n¨Xv [hf]{Xaà Icnw]{XamsW¶p ap³ [\a{´n sI.Fw. amWn. tUm. sFkIv AhXcn¸n¨Xv Hcp cmjv{SobtcJ am{XamsW¶v At±lw ]dªp.

tIcf¯nsâ k¼ZvhyhØbpsS hnebncp¯tem [\ØnXnbpsS kXykÔamb AhtemI\tam AÃ. sNehpNpcp¡en\pw hcpam\ hÀ[\hn\pw DXIp¶ \nÀtZi§fnÃ. ap³ kÀ¡mcnsâ {]hÀ¯\§sf tamiam¡n Nn{XoIcn¡m\pÅ KqVe£yw am{XamWv [hf]{X¯nepÅXv. AXpsImWvSp Xs¶ [hf]{Xw hnizmktbmKyaÃ.

Ignª kÀ¡mÀ A[nImcw Hgnbpt¼mÄ {Sjdnbn 1009.30 tImSn cq]bpsS \nt£]w DWvSmbncp¶p. C{Xbpw ]Ww {Sjdnbn DWvSmbncp¶n«pw ap³ kÀ¡mcns\Xntc AklnjvWpX {]ISn¸n¡pIbmWp [\a{´n.

[\Imcy amt\Pvsaânsâ Imcy¯n bpUnF^v kÀ¡mÀ AXn\pap¼v DWvSmbncp¶ FÂUnF^v kÀ¡mcnt\¡mÄ sa¨s¸« {]IS\amWv ImgvNh¨Xv. dh\yq hcpam\ hÀ[\ Ignª CSXp]£ `cW¯n 102.6 iXam\ambncps¶¦n bpUnF^v kÀ¡mÀ 149 iXam\am¡n. aqe[\ hcpam\ hÀ[\ 78 iXam\¯nÂ\n¶p 144 iXam\am¡n.

hn`hkamlcW¯nsâ hfÀ¨m \nc¡v FÂUnF^v `cW¯n 97 iXam\w am{Xambncp¶p. bpUnF^v 145 iXam\w ssIhcp¯n. hnIk\ cwK¯v bpUnF^v kÀ¡mÀ anI¨ t\«§Ä kw`mh\ sNbvXp. CSXp kÀ¡mcnsâ Ime¯v CXv 113.9 iXam\w Bbncps¶¦n bpUnF^v `cW¯n 155.9 iXam\am¡n DbÀ¯n.

bpUnF^v kÀ¡mcnsâ Ime¯v \nIpXn hcpam\¯n h¶ t\cnb Ipdhv B`y´c Dev]mZ\cwK¯pWvSmb £oW¯nsâbpw BtKmfkm¼¯nI amµy¯nsâbpw ^eamWv. `mKy¡pdnbnÂ\n¶pÅ hcpam\w 2020 tImSnbm¡n hÀ[n¸n¨p. ]Xn¶memw [\Imcy I½oj³ kwØm\¯nsâ tI{µ \nIpXn hnlnXw 32 iXam\¯nÂ\n¶p 42 iXam\am¡n DbÀ¯nsb¦nepw sam¯w km¼¯nI klmbw ]gb 61.62 iXam\w \nc¡n \ne\nÀ¯pIbpWvSmbn. AXpsImWvSp CXnÂ\n¶v {]Xo£n¨ ^ew DWvSmbnÃ.

FÂUnF^v Ime¯v dh\yq hcpam\w 102 iXam\w Bbncp¶p. bpUnF^v CXv 149 iXam\am¡n hÀ[n¸n¨p. cWvSp XhWs¯ i¼f]cnjvIcWw ImcWw bpUnF^v kÀ¡mcnsâ [\ØnXn tamiambn. 2011 FÂUnF^v kÀ¡mÀ i¼fw ]cnjvIcn¨n«v Cd§nt¸mhpIbmWv DWvSmbXv. _m[yX bpUnF^n\v GsäSpt¡WvSn h¶p. dh\yq hcpam\w 18 iXam\ambn hÀ[n¨t¸mÄ sNehv 32 iXam\w IqSn.

2013þ14 apX aZy \ntcm[\w hgn FIvsskkv hcpam\w \jvSambn. 2013 apX d_À, \mWyhnfIÄ F¶nhbv¡p hne Ipdªp. ImÀjnI taJebn s\Käohv t{Km¯v DWvSmbn. CXv BtKmf km¼¯nI amµy¯nsâ ^eambn DWvSmbXmWv.

2011 bpUnF^v A[nImc¯n  hcpt¼mÄ ISw 89,418 tImSn Bbncp¶p. ISsaSp¸v A\phZ\obamb ]cn[n¡pÅn \n ¶mWv bpUnF^v \S¯nbXv. ISsaSp¸pIÄ¡v dnkÀhv _m¦nsâ \n_ Ô\IfpWvSv. saKm]²XnIÄ \S¸nem¡m³ thWvSnbmWv ISw hm§nbXv. tZiob k¼Zv hyh Øtb¡mÄ DbÀ¶ tXmXnemWv tIcf¯nsâ km¼¯nI hfÀ¨ sb¶p sI.Fw. amWn ]dªp.

bpUnF^ntâXp sa¨s¸« [\Imcy amt\Pvsaâv: sN¶n¯e

CSXpap¶Wn `cWImet¯¡mÄ sa¨s¸« [\Imcy amt\PvsaâmWv bpUnF^v `cWIme¯pWvSmbncp¶sX¶p {]Xn]£ t\Xmhv ctaiv sN¶n¯e. [\a{´n tUm. Sn.Fw. tXmakv sFkIv \nbak`bn AhXcn¸n¨ [hf]{Xw kwØm\¯nsâ bYmÀY [\ØnXn shfns¸Sp¯p¶Xsöpw At±lw ]dªp.

ASp¯ aq¶p hÀjw bmsXm¶pw sN¿m³ IgnbnsöXn\p ap³IqÀ Pmayw FSp¡pIbmWv tUm.sFkIv CXneqsS sNbvXncn¡p¶Xv. tUm. sFkIv IgnªXhW Øm\samgnªt¸mÄ DÅXns\¡mÄ sa¨s¸« \nebnemWv Ct¸mgs¯ kwØm\s¯ km¼¯nI ØnXn. CXp ad¨ph¨v XnI¨pw cmjv{Sobt{]cnXamb Imcy§fmWv [hf]{X¯n ]dªncn¡p¶Xv. CXp sshäv t]¸dÃ, »m¡v t]¸dmWv.

]Xn¶memw [\Imcy I½oj³ A\phZn¨n«pÅ [\I½n 2015þ16 aq¶p iXam\w BsW¶ncns¡ kwØm\¯nsâ bYmÀY [\I½n 2.71 iXam\w am{XamWv. tUm.sFk¡nsâ [hf]{X¯n Xs¶ kwØm\¯nsâ [\I½n Ipdªphcp¶Xmbn ImWn¡p¶pWvSv. sam¯w B`y´c DXv]mZ\¯nsâ 31.34 iXam\w A\phZ\obamb ISamsW¶ncns¡ bpUnF^v kÀ¡mÀ A{Xbpw FSp¯n«nÃ.

CXpImWn¡p¶Xv [\a{´n ]dbp¶Xpt]mepÅ [\Imcy {]XnkÔn DWvSmbn«nsömWv. km¼¯nIamµyw DWvSmbncps¶¦nepw 99 iXam\whsc \nIpXn ]ncn¡m³ kÀ¡mcn\v Ignªp. 2012 99Dw, 2013 98Dw, 2014 89Dw, 2015 87Dw, 2016 90Dw iXam\w \nIpXn ]ncnhv \S¶p.

CSXpap¶Wn `cn¨ ImeL«§fnemWv kwØm\¯v km¼¯nI {]XnkÔn KpcpXcambn«pÅXv. tIcf kwØm\ cq]hXvIcW¯n\v tijw Gähpw henb [\Imcy¯IÀ¨ DWvSmbn«pÅXv 1998þ2001 Ime¯mWv. 2001 kwØm\w 212 Znhkw HmhÀ{Um^vänembncp¶p. {Sjdn ]q«pIbpw \nXy\nZm\sNehpIÄ¡v ]WanÃmXmhpIbpw sNbvXp. hn.Fkv. ANypXm\µ³ kÀ¡mÀ A[nImcsamgnbpt¼m gpw ØnXn hyXykvXambncp¶nÃ. A¶v {Sjdnbn 1963.47 tImSn cq]bmWv _m¡nbpWvSmbncp¶Xv.

F¶mÂ, hnFkv kÀ¡mÀ h¼n¨ _m[yXIÄ hcp¯nh¨ncp¶p. 2154 tImSn cq] DS³ sImSp¯p XoÀ¡m\pÅ _m[yX \ne\n¡pt¼mÄ 1963.47 tImSn cq] an¨amsW¶ A¶s¯ [\Imcya{´nbpsS hmZw \ncÀYIambncp¶p.

IqSmsX amµyhncp²]mt¡Pv F¶ t]cn 1500 tImSnbpsS _m[yXbpw hcp¯nsh¨p. Pehn`hhIp¸n \S¯nb ]WnIÄ¡v \ÂIm\pWvSmbncp¶Xv 1800 tImSnbpw hnj³ 2010 {]Imcw GsäSp¯ ]Wn¡v \ÂtIWvSnh¶ 115.38 tImSn cq]bpw AS¡w h¼n¨ km¼¯nI _m[yX DWvSm¡n. C¡gnª bpUnF^v kÀ¡mcn\v km¼¯nI {]iv\§Ä DWvSmbncp¶p. F¶m {Sjdn ]qt«WvS AhØbpWvSmbn«nÃ. bpUnF^v kÀ¡mÀ ]Ww ISw hm§n sNehgn¨p F¶mWv [\a{´nbpsS Btcm]Ww. h³InS hnIk\ {]hÀ¯\§Ä¡pw t£a{]hÀ¯\§Ä¡pambmWv XpI sNehgn¨sX¶pw {]Xn]£ t\Xmhv ]dªp.

{_n«³ C\n Ft§m«v?

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]n.kn. kndnbIv

temI km¼¯nI taJesb ]nSn¨pIpep¡nbncn¡pIbmWp “s{_Ivknäv’! bqtdm]y³ km¼¯nItaJebn \n¶p {_n«sâ ]pd¸mSv þ “FIvknäv’.

cWvSmw temIalmbp²¯n bqtdm]y³ cmPy§Ä apgph³ XIÀ¶p. `b¦camb BÄ\jvSw, sI«nS§fpw ^mIvSdnIfpw tdmUpIfpw ]me§fpw t_mw_n«p \in¸n¡s¸«p. bp²m\´c ]p\À\nÀamWw Hcp henb shÃphnfnbmbn¯oÀ¶p. A¶p bp²¯nsâ \mi\jvS§fn \n¶p IcIbdm\pÅ bqtdm¸nsâ ]cn{ia¯nsâ \nÀWmbI `mKambncp¶p bqtdm]y³ tIma¬ amÀ¡äv. Gähpw IqSpX \miapWvSmb PÀa\n, {^m³kv, s_ÂPnbw, s\XÀe³Uvkv, eIvkw_ÀKv, Cäen F¶o Bdp cmPy§Ä H¶ptNÀ¶v Hcp km¼¯nItaJebmbn {]hÀ¯n¡m\pw B taJebv¡I¯v IÌwkv thens¡«pIfnÃmsX BfpIÄ¡pw Nc¡n\pw \nÀ_m[w k©cn¡m³ kuIcysamcp¡m\pw ]pd¯p\n¶papÅ DXv]¶§Ä Cu taJebnte¡v hcpt¼mÄ Np¦w sImSp¯v AI¯pIbäm\pw DÅ Hcp kao]\ambncp¶p Cu tIma¬ amÀ¡äv. bp²m\´c PÀa\nbpsSbpw {^m³knsâbpw aäpw DbÀs¯gpt¶Â¸n Cu tIma¬ amÀ¡äv henb ]¦phln¨p.

]n¶oSv 1975 emWv {_n«\pw aäp Nne bqtdm]y³ cmPy§fpw Cu {]Øm\¯n ]¦ptNÀ¶Xpw XpSÀ¶v bqtdm]y³ C¡tWmanIv tkm¬ (bqtdm tkm¬) F¶ t]cn {]tXyI kwhn[m\w DWvSmbXpw. bqtdm tkmWn\pthWvSn {^m³kpw PÀa\nbpw CäenbpsaÃmw X§fpsS {^m¦pw amÀ¡pw eocbpw Dt]£n¨v bqtdm F¶ ]pXnb \mWbw kzoIcn¡pIbpw sNbvXp. bqtdm tkmWn AwKamsb¦nepw F¶pw bqtdm¸ns\¸än kwibmephmbncp¶ {_n«³ AhcpsS ]uWvSv (]h³) \mWbhpambn apt¶m«pt]mIpIbmbncp¶p.

2008þ Atacn¡bnepWvSmb km¼¯nIamµyw bqtdm¸nte¡pw P¸m\nte¡pw ]n¶oSp ssN\bnte¡psaÃmw hym]n¨tXmsS apXemfn¯ k¼ZvhyhØbv¡pXs¶ £oWw X«n¯pS§n. Hcphi¯v FÃmw hn]Wn Xs¶ Xocpam\n¡p¶ apXemfn¯ hyhØnXn. Xpd¶ aÕc¯n ]s¦Sp¯p hnPbw hcnt¨ Xocq. ]pdtIm«p t]mIp¶h³ Xmsghogpw, Nhn«n Acbv¡s¸Spw. ]mh§tfmSp ]cnKW\bnÃm¯ hn]Wnsb am{Xw B{ibn¨p\n¡p¶, hn]Wn am{Xw \nb{´n¡p¶ B k¼ZvhyhØ Iptdb[nIw km[mcW¡mcpw ]mhs¸«hcpw DÄs¸Sp¶ AXr]vXcpsS taJesb krjvSn¨p. hn]WnbpsS taÂt¡mbvabn hnizkn¡p¶ bmYmØnXnI I£n `cn¡p¶ {_n«\n ChÀs¡mcp ssI¯m§v \ÂIm³ kÀ¡mÀ apt¶m«ph¶panÃ. km[mcW¡mcpsS ]mÀ«n F¶p ]dbs¸«ncp¶ te_À ]mÀ«nbpw Im¸näenk¯nsâ hàm¡fmbn \nesImÅp¶ ImgvNbmWv Ignª GXm\pw hÀj§fmbn ImWp¶Xpw.

28 bqtdm]y³ cmPy§Ä AwK§fmb bqtdm tkmWnsâ `mKambtXmsS B cmPy§fnÂ\ns¶Ãmw hcp¶ IpSntbä¡mÀ¡p {_n«\nte¡p IS¶phcm³ Ffp¸ambn. Npcp§nt¸mb sXmgnehkc§Ä¡pthWvSn km[mcW¡mcmb {_n«ojv ]uc·mÀ¡pw bqtdm¸nsâ aäp `mK§fn \n¶papÅ Cu AXnYnIfpambn aÕcnt¡WvS ØnXnbpapWvSmbn. CXn\p]pdsa Xo{h heXp]£hmZnIÄ Ing¡³ bqtdm¸n \n¶pw aäpw hcp¶ Iq«sc {_n«sâ apJy[mcbnte¡p IS¯nhnSp¶Xpw AhnsSbpÅ Npcp§nt¸mIp¶ Ahkc§Ä AhÀ aÕcn¨p t\Sp¶Xpw XSbm³ {]NmcWw XpS§n. At¸mÄ km[mcW¡mcpw ]mhs¸«hcpw hn]WnbpsS Xpd¶ aÕc¯n ]n´Ås¸Sp¶hcpw IpSntbäw \nb{´n¡p¶ ØnXn B{Kln¨p.

AtXmsSm¸w heXp]£ Xo{hhmZnIfpw hÀKobhmZnIfpw, Ing¡³ bqtdm¸n \n¶p hcp¶hscbpw apkvenw A`bmÀYnIsfbpw Idp¯hÀK¡mscbpw Hgnhm¡m³ B{Kln¨p. bqtdm¸n \n¶p ]pd¯pIS¶m IpSntbä \nb{´W§Ä sImWvSphcmsa¶v AhÀ IcpXn. km¼¯nIamµyw XpSÀ¶tXmsS IqSpX hnjaX A\p`hn¡m³ XpS§nb ]mhs¸«hÀ¡pw {_n«³ X\n¨p\n¶m F´v F¶ Nn´ DZn¨p. Ignª sImÃw \S¶ {_n«ojv sXcsªSp¸v Ime¯v Cu {]iv\w s]m´nh¶t¸mÄ {][m\a{´n tUhnUv Imatdm¬ Hcp hmKvZm\w \ÂIn. {_n«³ bqtdmtkmWn XpScWtam F¶ Imcy¯n lnX]cntim[\ \S¯msa¶v. \à `qcn]£t¯msS Imatdm¬ hoWvSpw sXcsªSp¡s¸«p.

IgnªbmgvN lnX]cntim[\ \S¡pIbpw sNbvXp. aÕcw cq£ambncp¶p. {][m\a{´n ImatdmWpw At±ls¯ ]n´pWbv¡p¶hcpw {_n«³ bqtdm¸nÂXs¶ XpScWw F¶p hmZn¨v {]NmcWw \S¯nbt¸mÄ At±l¯nsâ ]mÀ«nbnÂXs¶bpÅ asämcp hn`mKw (Xo{h heXp]£w) s{_Ivknäv þ {_n«³ ]pd¯pt]mIWsa¶p hmZn¨p. 51.80 iXam\w thm«ÀamÀ s{_Ivknäv F¶p ]dªt¸mÄ 48.20 iXam\w {_n«ojpImÀ, {_n«³ bqtdm tkmWn XpScWsa¶p thm«v tcJs¸Sp¯n. `qcn]£¯nsâ A`n{]mbw AwKoIcn¡psa¶pw Xm³ {][m\a{´n]Zw cmPnhbv¡psa¶pw {]Jym]n¨p Imatdm¬. {_n«³ cWvSpsImïn\Iw \S]Sn{Ia§sfÃmw ]qÀ¯nbm¡n ]pXnb IcmdpIÄ DWvSm¡n bqtdm tkmWn \n¶p ]pd¯pt]mIpw.

temI apXemfn¯ km¼¯nI hyhØnXn¡v CsXmcp Xncn¨Sn Xs¶bmWv. Cu hnImc¯nsâ {]Xn^e\amWp {_n«ojv ]uWvSnsâ aqeyw Hä ZnhkwsImWvSv 10 iXam\w CSnªXpw temIsa§papÅ tÌm¡v FIvkvtN©pIfn C³UIvkpIÄ Xmsgt¸mbXpw. C´ybpsS tÌm¡v FIvkvtN©pIfnepw henb CSnhmWp s]s«¶p kw`hn¨Xv. C´ysb kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfw {_n«\mbncp¶p \½psS hntZi_Ô§fpsS FÃmw A¯mWn. {_n«³ C´ybpsS taÂt¡mbva hln¨v `cWw \S¯ns¡mWvSncp¶ Ime¯v XpS§nbXmWo _Ôw. \½psS hyhkmbnIÄ¡p {_n«\n aqe[\ \nt£]hpw ^mIvSdnIfpw aäpw [mcmfw. \½psS a\pjyhn`htijnbpsS \sÃmcp `mKw {_n«\n IpSntbdn, AhnsS hnhn[ taJeIfn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶p.

C´ysb kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfw bqtdm¸nte¡pÅ IhmSambn hÀ¯n¡pIbmbncp¶p {_n«³. AhnsS \mw \S¯nbn«pÅ aqe[\ \nt£]§fpw DXv]mZI kwcw`§fpw {_n«\nse hn]Wnsb am{Xw B{ibn¨Ã \nesImWvSncp¶Xv. bqtdmtkmWnsâ `mKamb {_n«\n \n¶p bqtdm¸nse aäp cmPy§fnte¡v DXv]¶§Ä Ab¨psImSp¡m³ XSk§fnÃmbncp¶tÃm. C\n bqtdm]y³ hn]WnIfnte¡p {]thi\w e`n¡m³ AhnsS¯s¶ aqe[\ \nt£]w \S¯pIbpw ^mIvSdnIÄ Øm]n¡pIbpw sNt¿WvSnht¶¡mw.

{_n«s\ kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfw F´mbncn¡pw s{_Ivknänsâ ]cnWX^ew? bqtdm¸nte¡p IbäpaXn sN¿m³ Np¦w sImSpt¡WvSnhcpw. ]t£, AhnsS\n¶v F¯p¶ IpSntbä¡mcpsS Hgp¡n\p XSbnSm\mIpw. GXm\pw amkw ap¼v Cdm¡n \n¶pw kndnbbnÂ\n¶pw aäpw Ing¡³ bqtdm¸v hgn PÀa\nbn am{Xw F¯nbXv 10 e£w A`bmÀYnIfmbncp¶p. iàamb PÀa³ k¼ZvhyhØbv¡v Hcp]t£ C¡q«sc apgph³ D]tbmKs¸Sp¯m³ Igntª¡pw. ]t£ aäp cmPy§fpsS ØnXn AXÃ. Cu A`bmÀYnIsfbpw IpSntbä¡mscbpw kzoIcnt¡WvS _m[yXbn \n¶v hnSpX t\Sm\pw A§s\ {_n«ojpImcpsS sXmgn e`yXbpsS km[yXIÄ sa¨s¸Sp¯m\pw bqtdm¸n\p ]pd¯p X\n¨p\n¶m {_n«\p klmbIcambncn¡pw.

AtXkabw kvtIm«ve³Uv {]tZis¯ Imcyw am{XsaSp¯m AhnSs¯ thm«ÀamÀ 63 iXam\w t]cpw bqtdm¸nÂXs¶ XpScWw F¶p thm«psNbvXt¸mÄ 37 iXam\w BfpIÄ am{Xw ]pd¯pt]mIWsa¶v thm«v tcJs¸Sp¯n. IgnªsImÃw asämcp lnX]cntim[\ AhnsS \S¶Xv HmÀ¡patÃm? bpssWäUv InwKvUw F¶ {_n«\n \n¶p kvtIm«ve³Uv kzX{´ambn ]ncnªv Hcp {]tXyI kzX{´ cmjv{Sambn¯ocWtam F¶ hnjb¯nembncp¶p B thms«Sp¸v. A¶p kvtIm«ve³UpImÀ {_n«\nÂXs¶ \n¡Wsa¶p `qcn]£t¯msS Xocpam\n¨ncp¶p. Ct¸mÄ {_n«³ tZiobXe¯n Xs¶ bqtdm tkmWn \n¶p ]pd¯nd§m³ Xocpam\n¨t¸mÄ bqtdm¸nsâ `mKambn¯s\ \nesImÅm³ thWvSn thm«p tcJs¸Sp¯nb `qcn]£apÅ kvtIm«ve³Uv C\n F´psN¿pw?

kvtIm«ve³Uv {]tZisa¦nepw bqtdm¸n XpScWsa¶v AhÀ hmZn¡p¶p. ]t£, AXp {]mtbmKnIamtWm? {_n«³ F¶ cmPy¯nsâ Hcp`mKw am{Xw bqtdm¸n XpScp¶sX§s\? A§s\ h¶m kvtIm«ve³Unsâ kzmX{´yw hoWvSpw Hcp lnX]cntim\bv¡p hnjbamIptam? C¶s¯ {_n«sâ asämcp `mKamb D¯c AbÀe³Un\v sFdnjv dn¸»n¡pambn tNcWw F¶mWv B{Klw. sFdnjv dn¸»nIv bqtdm tkmWn XpScpIbpamWv. Cu kmlNcy¯n {_n«\n \n¶p kvtIm«ve³Upw D¯c AbÀe³Upw ]ncnªpt]mIm³ CSh¶m kqcy³ AkvXan¡m¯ km{amPyambn temIsa§pw hym]n¨p InS¶ {_n«³, shdpw Cw¥WvSv am{Xambn Npcp§nt¸mIp¶ ImgvN ImtWWvSnhcptam? A§s\sb¦n B sNdnb cmPy¯nsâ km¼¯nI`mhn F´mIpw?

asämcp Imcyw. Hä Znhkw sImWvSv {_n«ojv \mWbamb ]uWvSnsâ aqeyw 10 iXam\w IWvSp Ipdªpt]mbtÃm. Cu ØnXn XpSÀ¶m {_n«\nte¡p hnt\mZk©mcnIfpsS h³ {]hmlapWvSmIpsa¶mWp {]Xo£. AXpt]mseXs¶ {_n«\n \n¶p Ibän Abbv¡m\pÅ DXv]¶§Ä Ipdª hnebv¡p hm§nsbSp¡m³ aäp cmPy§Ä¡p Ignbp¶ ØnXnbpWvSmIpw. AtXmsS {_n«sâ IbäpaXn s]cpIpw. h³ hntZi\mWy \nt£]w A§s\ t\SnsbSp¯v k¼ZvhyhØ iàam¡m³ {_n«\p Igntª¡pw. GXmbmepw A\nÝnXXz¯nsâ \mfpIfmWv C\n hcm\ncn¡p¶Xv.

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