Home   | Editorial   | Leader Page Article   | Local News   | Kerala   | National   | International   | Business   | Sports   | Obituary   | NRI News   | Big Screen   | Health

hnbäv\mansâ apdnhpW¡m³ H_ma

  Share on Facebook
tUm. kt´mjv thc\m\n

Atacn¡³ {]knUâv _dmIv H_mabpsS hnbäv\mw kµÀi\w At±l¯nsâ \bX{´ Iuie¯nsâ HSphnes¯ DZmlcWambmWp IW¡m¡s¸Sp¶Xv. sX¡p Ing¡³ Gjy³ cmPyamb hnbäv\mapambn Atacn¡bv¡pWvSmbncp¶ A©p ]XnämWvSp \oWvS kwLÀj¯n\p amäapWvSm¡m³ H_mabpsS kµÀi\w hgnsXfn¨psh¶Xn kwibanÃ. Atacn¡ þ hnbäv\mw _Ô§fn ]XnämWvSpIfmbn \oWvSp\n¶ Akzmcky§Ä eLqIcn¡s¸«p F¶p ]dbmw. s]mXpi{Xp ssN\sb Häs¸Sp¯m\msW¦nepw Atacn¡bpw IayqWnÌv cmPyamb hnbäv\mapw IqSpXeSp¡p¶Xv CcpcmPy§Ä¡pw Gsd sa¨hpamWv.

Cu kµÀi\¯n Gähpw {i²n¡s¸«Xv Bbp[hym]mcw kw_Ôn¨v 50 hÀjw \oWvS D]tcm[w ]n³hen¡pIbmsW¶ H_mabpsS {]Jym]\amWv. 1975þ Atacn¡³ A[n\nthiw hnbäv\man Ahkm\n¸n¨tijw 41 hÀj¯n\p tijamWv H_ma B a®nse¯p¶Xv. hnbäv\mapambn \S¶Xv Atacn¡sb kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfw ioXbp² Imebfhn ]cmPbw t\cn« Hcp bp²ambncp¶p.

1945þ hnbäv\mw kzmX{´yw {]Jym]n¨Xp apX B cmPyhpambn \nXm´ i{XpXbnembncp¶p Atacn¡. 1945þ Atacn¡³ klmbt¯msS Z£nW hnbäv\mw ]ndhnsbSp¯p. hS¡³ hnbäv\mw IayqWnÌv cmPyambn XpScpIbpw sNbvXp. 1957 apX IayqWnÌv KdnÃIÄ Z£nW hnbäv\mans\ AØncs¸Sp¯m³ XpS§nbt¸mÄ Atacn¡ B taJebn t\cn«v CSs]«pXpS§n.

1964þ Atacn¡³ tIm¬{Kkv hnbäv\man Hcp bp²¯n\v A\paXn \ÂIn. CtX¯pSÀ¶v 1967þ 50,000þt¯mfw Atacn¡³ ssk\nIÀ hnbäv\man h¶nd§n. F¶mÂ, IayqWnÌv KdnÃIfpsS iàamb sNdp¯p\n¸ns\¯pSÀ¶p AhnsS hfscsbm¶pw apt¶dm³ Atacn¡bv¡p km[n¨nÃ.

Atacn¡³ A[n\nthi\¯ns\Xntc temIsa¼mSpw P\tcmjapbÀ¶p. AXnsâ AebSnIÄ Atacn¡³ B`y´c cmjv{Sob¯nepapWvSmbn. AXn\m {]knUâv tPm¬ F^v. sI¶Un hnbäv\man hn\ykn¨ ssk\ys¯ sh«n¡pdbv¡m³ ]n¶oSph¶ dn¨mÀUv \nIvkWp 1969þ {]Jym]nt¡WvSn h¶p. 1973þHmsS Hcp shSn\nÀ¯Â Icmdn CcpcmPy§fpw sNs¶¯n. 1975þ tlm¨nansâ t\XrXz¯nepÅ hnbävtImwKv KdnÃIÄ Z£nW hnbäv\mw XeØm\amb skbvtKmWnte¡p amÀ¨psN¿pIbpw AtX¯pSÀ¶p bp²w Ahkm\n¸n¡pIbpamWpWvSmbXv.

cWvSmw temIalmbp²¯n\ptijw Gähpw ssZÀLytadnb bp²ambncp¶p hnbäv\manteXv. B bp²w \ãs¸Sp¯nbXv 30 e£w a\pjyPoh\pIfmWv. CXn 58,000 Atacn¡³ ssk\nIcpw DÄs¸Sp¶p. 1961 apX 1972 hscbpÅ Imebfhn Atacn¡ hnbäv\manse bp²¯n 'GPâv Hmd©v' F¶ cmkmbp[w {]tbmKn¨p F¶ hmÀ¯bpw ]pd¯ph¶Xp ISp¯ tcmj¯n\nSbm¡n. hnbäv\manse Atacn¡³ CSs]SepIfpsS ]e hnhc§fpw 's]âK¬ t]t¸gvkv' F¶ t]cn \yqtbmÀ¡v ssSwkv Zn\]{Xw 1971þ ]pd¯phn«p. Atacn¡³ {]Xntcm[ a{´meb¯nsâ hnbäv\mw bp²w kw_Ôn¨pÅ (1945þ67) clkytcJIÄ Um\nb Fenkv_dn ]pd¯phn«tXmSpIqSn Atacn¡bvs¡Xntc temIsa¼mSpw ISp¯ tcmjapbÀ¶p.

hnbäv\mwþAtacn¡³ _豈 hoWvSpw Bcw`n¡p¶Xv 1991 emW.v ap¸Xp hÀjambpÅ hym]mc D]tcm[w 1994þ Atacn¡ ]n³hen¨p. H_mabpsS kµÀi\¯nsâ Ct¸mgs¯ {][m\ Dt±iywXs¶ Atacn¡³ t\XrXz¯nepÅ hym]mc DS¼Snbmb SnSn]nbnse X{´{][m\ Ing¡t\jy³ cmPyambn hnbäv\mans\ amänsbSp¡pIbmWv.

1995  \bX{´_Ô§fpw CcpcmPy§fpw ]p\cmcw`n¨p. 2000þ {]knUâv _n ¢nâ¬, hnbäv\man Atacn¡ hn\ykn¨ncn¡p¶ Ipgnt_mw_pIÄ \nÀhocyam¡m³ Atacn¡ {]XnÚm_²amsW¶p {]Jym]n¨p.

ssN\bpsS Z£nW ssN\mISenepÅ AhImihmZ¯nsâ ap\sbmSn¡pI F¶ e£yhpambmWv H_ma hnbäv\man F¯nbXv. X{´{][m\hpw kap{Z KXmKX¯n \nÀWmbI {]m[m\yhpapÅ Z£nWssN\m IS C¶p taJebnse kwLÀj§fpsS tI{µ_nµphmWv. Z£nWssN\m ISense Zzo]pIÄ kw_Ôn¨pÅ XÀ¡§Ä¡p kam[m\ ]cnlmcamWp thWvSsX¶pw BcpsSbpw htey«³ \b§Ä AwKoIcn¡m\mhnsöpw H_ma ]dªp.

IayqWnÌv cmPyamb hnbäv\man ISp¯ a\pjymhImi ewL\§Ä \S¡p¶p F¶ Btcm]Ww \ne\n¡p¶pWvSv. lmt\mbnÂh¨v {]knUâv {Sm Umbv IzmMpambpÅ NÀ¨bn H_ma C¡mcyw D¶bn¨p. tZiob Akw»nbnse 2000 {]Xn\n[nIsf A`nkwt_m[\ sN¿m\pw H_ma ad¶nÃ.

cmPy¯nsâ hmWnPy\Kcw IqSnbmWp tlmNnan³ knän. Atacn¡³ A[n\nthiIme¯p skbvtKm¬ F¶dnbs¸« \Kcw, bp²m\´cw KdnÃm \mbI³ tlmNnansâ \ma¯n Adnbs¸SpIbmbncp¶p. 1975 G{]nen Atacn¡³ ssk\yw ]qÀWambpw Z£nW hnbäv\manÂ\n¶p ]n·mdn. A¶p apX \ne\n¡p¶ 41 hÀjs¯ Bbp[hym]mc D]tcm[amWv H_ma \o¡n¡fªXv. Bbp[§Ä¡mbn djysb hensbmcfhn B{ibn¨phcp¶ hnbäv\man\v C\n kmt¦XnI ta·tbdnbXpw ]pXpabpÅXpamb Bbp[w e`n¡pw.

\qdne[nIw cmjv{Sob XShpImÀ IayqWnÌv hnbäv\manepWvSv. AhcpsS hntamN\hpw cmPys¯ A`n{]mb kzmX{´yhpsams¡ H_mabpsS kµÀi\¯nsâ ]Ým¯e¯n cmPym´c {i²t\Sn F¶Xpw asämcp t\«ambn.

Z£nWssN\ ISense Zzo]pIfpambn _Ôs¸«pw kap{ZKXmKXhpambn _Ôs¸«pw ssN\bpambn CSªp\n¡p¶psh¶p ]dbp¶ hnbäv\manse, H_ma kµÀi\w ssN\tbbpw hndfn]nSn¸n¨n«pWvSv. ssN\okv IayqWnÌv, ]mÀ«n DSaØXbnepÅ 't¥m_ ssSwkv' Zn\]{Xw Du¶n¸dbp¶Xpw CcpcmPy§fpw X½n {]iv\§sfm¶panà F¶mWv.

GXmbmepw hnbäv\manse X«pIS `£Wamb _p³ N F¶ t]mÀ¡v hn`hw cpNn¨psImWvSp s]mXpP\§fnte¡v Cd§ns¨¶ H_ma kaqlam[ya§fnepw Xmcambn amdnbncn¡pIbmWv. "H_ma, Xm¦sf R§Ä hfsc kvt\ln¡p¶p" F¶ _m\dpambn \qdpIW¡n\mfpIfmWp sXcphpIfn \ndªXv. GXmbmepw \mhnI þ XoctZicwK¯v CcpcmPy§fpw klIcWw iàn s¸Sp¯pIXs¶bmWv.

BSnbpeªv AbÂ_Ôw

  Share on Facebook
än.kn. amXyp

AbÂ_豈 Dujvafam¡n ]pXnsbmcp Ncn{Xw. 2014 tabv 26\p \tc{µ tamZn {][m\a{´nbmbn Øm\ta¡pt¼mÄ DbÀ¶ {]Xo£ AXmWv. ssN\sbmgnsI FÃm AbÂcmPy§fpsSbpw `cW¯eh·mÀ ]s¦Sp¯ kXy{]XnÚm NS§v. \mSIobXbpw ]pXpabpw \ndª XpS¡w. Fs´¦nepw amäw DWvSmIpsa¶v FÃmhcpw IcpXn.

cWvSphÀj¯n\ptijw tamZn kÀ¡mÀ AbÂ_Ô§sf¸än A[nIw ]dbp¶nÃ. F¶Ã, H¶pw ]dbp¶nÃ. FSp¯p ]dbm³ H¶panÃ. DÅXp tamiw Imcy§Ä am{Xw. tamiw ]dbmXncn¡p¶XmWp \bX{´w. AXpsImWvSp ]dbp¶nÃ.

]mIv _Ôw

]m¡nØm\nse {][m\a{´n \hmkv jco^pambn \à _Ôw DWvSm¡n ImemhØ amäm\mWp tamZn `cWIqSw {ian¨Xv. AXp XpS¡¯nte ]mfn. NÀ¨bv¡p UÂlnbnse¯nb ]mIv hntZiImcy sk{I«dn Imjvaocnse hnLS\hmZnItfmSp kwkmcn¨Xnsâ t]cn BZyw NÀ¨ \nÀ¯n. ]ns¶ emtlmdn A{]Jym]nX kµÀi\w \S¯n hoWvSpw NÀ¨bv¡p h«samcp¡n. AXp KpcpZmkv]qcnse t]meokv tÌj\nepw ]¯m³tImSv thymatk\mXmhf¯nepw \S¶ `oIcm{IaW§tfmsS s]mfnªp.

BcmWp s]mfn¨sX¶p ]dtbWvS. ]mIv ssk\yw Xs¶. AXp am{XaÃ. _eqNnØm\n `oIcXbv¡p klmbn¡ps¶¶v Btcm]n¨v Hcp ap³ C´y³ \mhnItk\m Hm^oksd ]m¡nØm³ ]nSnIqSn. CbmÄ NmckwLS\bmb dnkÀ¨v B³Uv A\menknkv hnwKn (tdm)sâ Hm^okdmsW¶p ]mIvtk\ Btcm]n¡p¶p. CbmÄ Cdm\n BWp ]mIv hncp² KqVmtemN\ \S¯nbsX¶mWv Hcmtcm]Ww. C¡mcyw ]m¡nØm\nse¯nb Cdm³ {]knUâv dqlm\nbpsS ap¼msI D¶bn¨v \bX{´ {]iv\apWvSm¡m\pw ]mIvtk\ {ian¨p.

ssN\ AbªnÃ

]mIv_Ô¯nse XIÀ¨ ssN\bpambpÅ C´ybpsS _Ô¯nepw {]Xn^en¨p. KpPdm¯v apJya{´nbmbncp¶t¸mÄ ssN\bn ]eh«w t]mbXpw {]knUâv jn Nn³]nwKpambn ASp¸apWvSm¡nbXpw _Ôw t\scbm¡m³ klmbn¡psa¶p tamZn IcpXn. ]t£ ssN\ AbªnÃ.

AXnÀ¯n XÀ¡ Imcy¯n Hcp ]ptcmKXnbpw DWvSmbnÃ. AcpWmNÂ{]tZinsâ taepÅ AhImihmZw ssN\ Dt]£n¨nÃ. Ct¸mgpw AcpWmNepImÀ¡v ISemkv hok am{Xw. X§fpsS IbäpaXn hÀ[n¸n¡m\pÅsXÃmw sN¿p¶ ssN\ hym]mcI½n Ipdbv¡m³ Hcp \S]Sn¡pw XbmdÃ.

`oIcXsb A]e]n¡pw. ]t£ ]¯m³tIms« B{IaW¯n\p ]n¶nse t\Xmhnsâ Imcy¯n ]m¡nØm\pthWvSn bpF³ c£mkanXnbn ssN\ hotäm {]tbmKn¨p. ]Icsat¶mWw kn³PnbmwKnse DbvKÀ t\Xmhns\ UÂlnbn sImWvSphcm³ {ian¨Xp ssN\ I®pcp«nbt¸mÄ thsWvS¶p h¨p.

ssN\ Gjybnse h³iàn Nabp¶Xns\Xntc hnbäv\mansâbpw ^nen¸o³knsâbpsams¡ IqsS DsWvS¶v C´y ]dbp¶p. ]t£ Atacn¡bpambn ssk\nIXmhf§fpw ssk\nI hmÀ¯mhn\nabhpw ]¦phbv¡p¶ Icmdnsâ Imcyw h¶t¸mÄ C´y aSn¨p\n¡p¶p. G{]n BZyw Icmdn\p Im_n\äv AwKoImcw \ÂInsb¦nepw C\nbpw H¸ph¨n«nÃ.

t\¸mÄ AI¶p

ssN\bv¡pw C´y¡panSbnepÅ t\¸mfpambpÅ _Ôhpw Deªp Xs¶. X§fpsS B`y´c Imcy§fn C´y ssI IS¯p¶p F¶mWp t\¸mfnse {][m\a{´n sI.]n. iÀaZen ]dbp¶Xv. {]knUâv hnZymtZhn `ÞmcnbpsS C´ym kµÀi\w CtX¯pSÀ¶p dZm¡n; UÂlnbnse Aw_mkUsd ]n³hen¨p.

ssN\bn \n¶p sdbnÂþ tdmUv amÀKapÅ Nc¡p\o¡w t\¸mÄ hÀ[n¸n¨p. C\n lnameb]ÀhX\nc apdn¨v sdbnÂth t\¸mfn F¯n¡psa¶mWp ]dbp¶Xv. C´y³hwiPcmb amtZinIfpsS Imcy¯nse C´y³ DXvIWvT ImTvaÞphnse `cWIÀ¯m¡Ä¡v CjvSs¸Sp¶nÃ.

epw_n\nbn \S¶ _p²aXkt½f\¯n {][m\a{´n \tc{µ tamZn ]s¦Sp¡m\pÅ ]cn]mSn d±m¡nbXpw _Ô¯nse AI¨ ImWn¡p¶p.

e¦bn CSdn

{ioe¦ {]knUâv ssa{Xn]me kncntk\ HcmgvNap¼v UÂlnbn {][m\a{´n tamZns¡m¸w A¯mgw Ign¨Xpw ZoÀLt\cw NÀ¨ \S¯nbXpw hmÀ¯bmbnÃ. AXn ]pd¯p ]dbmhp¶ {]m[m\yapÅ Imcy§Ä Csöà AÀYw. _Ô¯n h¶ CgbI¨ hepXmbXn\m B NÀ¨sb¸än H¶pw ]dªnà F¶p am{Xw. Xangv\m«n sXcsªSp¸v \S¡m\ncns¡ e¦m t\Xmhnsâ hchn\p hym]I {]Nmcw \evIm³ Kh¬saâv B{Kln¨panÃ.

aÕy_Ô\¡mÀ AXnÀ¯n IS¡p¶Xpw Ahsc {ioe¦³ t\hn XS¦enem¡p¶Xpw t]mepÅ Øncw AkzØXIÄ¡¸pdw ]eXpw kncntk\bpsS `cW¯n C´y¡p ]cmXn¡p hnjbambn DWvSv. sImfwt_mbv¡p kao]w XpdapJ \Kcw DWvSm¡m\pÅ {iaw ssN\ ]p\cmcw`n¨p. sX¡³ e¦bn X§Ä ]WnX lw_³tSm« XpdapJ¯n\Sp¯v {]tXyI km¼¯nI taJebpw ssN\ ]Wnbp¶p. B XpdapJ¯p ssN\bpsS BWh A´Àhmln\nIÄ ASp¡mdpWvSv. ssN\tbmSv 800 tImSn tUmfÀ ISapÅ {ioe¦ C´ybn \n¶v AIep¶Xnsâ tXmXv IqSnbnt« DÅq.

aym³adn\p tcmjw

ssN\okv km[\§Ä¡p Z£ntWjybnte¡pw ]Ýntajybnte¡pw Ffp¸w hgn Xpd¶psImWvSv aym³adneqsS ssN\bv¡p cmP]mX \nÀan¨n«pWvSv. Cu ASp¸w \ne\nÀ¯nbt¸mÄ Xs¶ C´ytbmSp \à _Ô¯n\p Xbmdmb aym³adns\ C´ybpsS Hcp ho¼p]d¨n AIän. aWn¸qcn B{IaWw \S¯nb \mKm `oIcsc aym³adn IS¶psN¶v C´y³ tk\ sIms¶mSp¡n F¶ AhImihmZamWp hnjbambXv. aym³adn C´y ssk\nI sdbvUv \S¯n F¶ {]kvXmh\ ]n¶oSp ]n³hens¨¦nepw AbÂ_Ô¯n hcmhp¶ A]ISsaÃmw AXn\Iw h¶ncp¶p.

_w¥mtZinse tj¡v lko\bpsS `cWIqShpambn C´y¡p ]pXnb {]iv\§sfm¶panÃ. ]t£ FXncmfnItfmSpÅ lko\bpsS {]XnImc \S]SnIsf C´y \ncpÕmls¸Sp¯m¯Xv C\nsbmcp `cWamäapWvSmbm {]iv\amIpw.

Ab \bX{´¯n IS¶pt]mb cWvSphÀjs¯ ]T\Imebfhmbn hnebncp¯m\mWp \bX{´cwK¯pÅhÀ {ian¡pI. cWvSphÀjs¯ hogvNIÄ Xncp¯n, ]IzXbmÀ¶ kao]\w C\nbpÅ Imebfhn ssIs¡mWvSmte A{Xbpw kua\ky¯n\p tamZn kÀ¡mÀ AÀlamIq.

sjh. sF.kn. Nmt¡m F¶ _lpapJ {]Xn`

  Share on Facebook
tPm¬ I¨ndaäw

""sF.kn. Nmt¡m FÃmhn[¯nepw Hcp alm ]ÞnX\mWv. hnhn[ hnjb§fn F¶t]mse hnhn[ `mjIfnepw At±lw Úm\nbmWv. At±l¯n\v AdnªpIqSm¯ Hcp hnjbhpanÃ. At±l¯n\v kµÀt`mNnXhpw _p²n]qÀhhpamb D]tZiw \ÂIm\mhm¯ Hcp Imcyhpw CÃ. AsXÃmw F{Xbpw HXp¡n, F{Xbpw hn\oXambn, H¶pw AdnªpIqSm¯ Hcmsft¸mse ]dbm\pÅ At±l¯nsâ Ignhpw A]mcamWv. F¶mÂ, Cu ]mÞnXysam¶paà At±lhpambn ASp¯n«pÅ Fs¶t¸mepÅhsc hioIcn¨n«pÅXv. At±l¯nsâ D¶Xamb [mÀanI \nehmcamWv sF.knsb kvacn¡pt¼mÄ HmÀahcnI.

Bscbpw `bNInXam¡mdpÅ At±l¯nsâ kXykÔX, BcpsSbpw lrZbw IpfnÀ¸n¡pamdpÅ \oXn\njvT, Bscbpw InSnewsImÅn¡pamdpÅ at\mss[cyw, Xs¶ tXtPmh[w sN¿m³ a\x]qÀhw {ian¡p¶hsct¸mepw kvt\ln¡m\pÅ lrZbhnimeX... C§s\ t]mIp¶p At±l¯nsâ KpWhntij§Ä.'' \mep ZimСmew sF.kn. Nmt¡mbpambn hnhn[ aÞe§fn klIcn¨p {]hÀ¯n¨n«pÅ kzmX{´ykac tk\m\n Fw.Fw. hÀ¡nbpsS hm¡pIfm Wp apIfn D²cn¨Xv.

GÀs¸« FÃm aÞe§fnepw ambm¯ hyànap{Z ]Xn¸n¨ sF.kn. Nmt¡m 1869se {Inkvakv Zn\¯n ]pfn¦p¶n\p kao]w ]p¯¡p¶¯pticn {Kma¯n CÃn¸d¼n IpSpw_ ¯n tImcbpsS I\njvT k´m\ambmbn P\n¨p. ]nXmhnÂ\n¶p kwkvIrXw A`ykn¨ Nm t¡m Be¸pg kÀ¡mÀ kvIqfnÂ\n¶p sa{Sn¡ptej³ ]co£ ]mkmbn. XpSÀ¶p am¶m\w kvIqfn A[ym]I\mbpw \{kmWnZo]nIbn ]{Xm[n]cmbpw tkh\a\pjvTn¨p. Xncph\´]pcw almcmPmkv tImfPnÂ\n¶p _n.F Un{Kn IcØam¡n. XpSÀ¶v Be¸pg entbm tXÀ«o´v anUn kvIqfn slUvamÌdmbn. CXn\nsS kwkvIrX¯nepw e¯o\nepw ]mÞnXyw t\Sn.

sF.knbpsS hnhn[§fmb IgnhpIÄ a\knem¡nb XncphnXmwIqÀ Kh¬saâv At±ls¯ D¶XhnZym`ymk¯n\mbn Cw¥WvSnte¡b¨p. Cw]ocnb tImfPn tNÀ¶p ckX {´w, ^nknIvkv, am¯amänIvkv, F³Pn\nbdnwKv, kÀthbnwKv, PntbmfPn F¶o hnjb§Ä ]Tn¨v _nFkvkn HmtWgvkv (^nknIvkv), _nFkvkn F³Pn\nbdnwKv, FBÀFkvFw (ssa\nwKv), FBÀknFkv (^n\m³kv) F¶o _ncpZ§Ä t\Sn. \m«n Xncns¨¯nb sFknsb D¯ctaJem PntbmfPnÌmbn 1907 \nban¨p. 1915 kwØm\ PntbmfPnÌpw 1921 hyhkmb UbdÎdpamb At±lw 1931 dn«bÀsNbvXp. XncphnXmwIqÀ \nbak`bn AwKambpw At±lw {]hÀ¯n¨n«pWvSv.

Xsâ HutZymKnI PohnXIme¯p \mSn\pthWvSn al¯mb tkh\§fmWv sF.kn A\pjvTn¨Xv. IS¯ocaWen CÂass\äv DsWvS¶p IWvSp]nSn¨ At±lw B aW IbänAbbv¡p¶Xn\p tdmbÂän Npa¯Wsa¶p kÀ¡mcnt\mSv A`yÀYn¨p. CÂass\äv I¼\nbpsS Øm]\¯n\p ImcW¡mc\pw sF.kn. Xs¶. IpWvSd knaâv ^mÎdn Øm]n¡Wsa¶pw tNÀ¯ebnse ]mgvaW D]tbmKn¨v CãnI \nÀan¡m³ {ian¡Wsa¶pw Ip«\m«nse shÅs¸m¡w \nb{´n¡m³ ]¼m\Znbn AWsI«Wsa¶pw tXm«¸Ånbn kv]nÂth \nÀan¡Wsa¶pw Kh¬saâns\ D]tZin¨Xv sF.kn. Nmt¡mbmWv. N¼¡pfw shÅwIfn ]p\cp²cn¨Xpw At±lw Xs¶.

cmPn¡p Xbmdmbn

Id]pcfm¯ HutZymKnI PohnXamWv sF.kn. Nmt¡m \bn¨Xv. At±lw hyhkmb UbdÎdmbncp¶t¸mÄ X¡e ]©kmc I¼\n¡p \nehnepWvSmbncp¶ IS¯n\p ]pdta \à Hcp XpI IqSn ISwsImSp¡Wsa¶v A¶s¯ Znhm³ hn.Fkv. kp{_ÒWy A¿À \nÀtZin¨p. Znhmsâ kplr¯mbncp¶p I¼\n DSaس. hoWvSpw ISwsImSp¡m³ hyhkmb hIp¸v UbdIvSÀ Bbncp¶ sF.kn XbmdmbnÃ. Ip]nX\mb Znhm³ sF.knsb hnfn¨hcp¯n iImcn¡pIbpw Unkvankv sN¿psa¶v `ojWns¸Sp¯pIbpw sNbvXp.

kÀ¡mÀ ]W¯nsâ hn\ntbmK¯n Xsâ hIp¸ns\ kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfw X\n¡pw Hcp D¯chmZnXzapsWvS¶pw X\n¡pw cmPyt¯mSv Hcp IS¸mSpsWvS¶pw XncnsI In«pIbnsöp X\n¡v Dd¸pÅ Imcy¯n Xm³ ]Ww ISwsImSp¡pIbnsöpw sF.kn ss[cyktaXw ]dªp. Xm³ FgpXns¡mWvSph¶ cmPn¡¯v t]m¡änÂ\n¶v Znhmsâ t\tc \o«n. Znhm³ ]I¨pt]mbn. Cu kw`h¯n\ptijw Znhm³ sF.kntbmSp hfsc kvt\lambpw am\yambpw s]cpamdn¯pS§n.

kmlnXyImc³

Hcp kmlnXyImc³ F¶ \nebnembncn¡pw Ncn{XImc·mÀ sF.kn. Nmt¡msb kvacn¡pI. At±lw cNn¨ tlàmaptXmtaiz, {InkvXpXh F¶o kwkvIrX Imhy§fpw ]mWn\ob{]tZymXw F¶ KZyIrXnbpw sF.knsb A\izc\m¡p¶p. ]mWn\ob {]tZymX¯n\p tI{µ kmlnXy A¡mZan AhmÀUv e`n¨p. kXy¯n\pw kz´w aXhnizmk¯n\pw thWvSn D¶Xamb Øm\am\§fpw Poh\pw _enIgn¨ hnip² tXmakv aqdnsâ PohNcn{Xhpw kzbw`cW¯n\pthWvSn {]hÀ¯n¡pIbpw AXn hnPbw hcn¡pIbpw sNbvX amÀ fqbnkv ]tg]d¼nensâ PohNcn{Xhpw PohNcn{XimJbv¡v sF.kn \ÂInb henb kw`mh\IfmWv.

At±l¯nsâ asämcp IrXnbmWp hmÂaoInbpsS temIw. cmambW IYm hnaÀi\amWv Cu IrXnbpsS DÅS¡w. IncmX`cWw \S¯n b kn.]n. cmakzman A¿cpsS `cWIme¯p XncphnXmwIqdnse {InkvXym\nIÄ A\p`hnt¡WvSnh¶ cmjvv{Sob h\hmk ¯nsâ ImÀ¡iyw Cu IrXnbpsS ]n¶n ImWmw.

{]IrXn]mT§Ä, Irjnhnjb§Ä, PohnXkvacWIÄ, hnXÞhmZ [zwk\w, IcpWm\ncq]Ww, It¯men¡m ]cn{iaw, Nne iЧfpw AhbpsS KqVmÀY§fpw F¶nhbmWp sF.knbpsS ]pkvXI cq]¯n {]kn²oIrXamb aäp IrXnIÄ. ]pkvXIcq]¯n {]kn²oIcn¡mhp¶ At\Iw {]_豈 thsdbpapWvSv.

sF.knþ Zm\ntb tIkv

sF.kn. Nmt¡mbpsS ]mÞnXyhpw hnÚm\hpw hnhmZ sshZKv[yhpw temIw Adnbp¶Xv sI.F³. Zm\ntbensâ ]m¸mbpsS B[n]Xyw F¶ IrXn¡v sF.kn FgpXnb \ncq]Wt¯msSbmWv. ]m¸mbpsS B[n]Xy¯n\v ]n.sI. \mcmbW]nÅ FgpXnb hnebncp¯en\p adp]Sn ]dbm³ sF.knbpsS XqenIbv¡p am{Xta Icp¯pWvSmbn«pÅq. sI.F³. Zm\ntbepw ]n.sI. \mcmbW]nÅ XpS§nb a[yØ·mcpw F¶ {]_Ôw sF.kn. {]kn²oIcn¨p. ]m¸mbpsS B[n]Xy¯n\v hoWvSpw Hcp hnaÀi\w FgpXn. Ch cWvSpw DÄs¡mÅn¨v sF.kn {]kn²s¸Sp¯nb hnXÞmhmZ [zwk\w F¶ IrXn¡p ]e ]Xn¸pIfpw DWvSmbn.

sF.knbpsS teJ\§Ä Zm\ntbensâ hmZ\§sf Hs¶m¶mbn XIÀ¡p¶Xmbncp¶p. sF.knbpsS t]cn Zm\ntb A]IoÀ¯nt¡kv sImSp¯p. Zm\ntb Xsâ {KÙ¯n h©\Ifpw Ir{Xna§fpw ImWn¨n«psWvS¶p tImfnf¡w krãn¨ Cu tIkn PUvPn hn[n¨p. Zm\ntb kaÀ¸n¨ A¸oepw tImSXn XÅn.

kmaqlnI {]hÀ¯\w

It¯men¡sc Hcp {]tXyI kapZmbambn AwKoIcn¡pI, dh\yqþ tZhkzw hIp¸pIÄ hn`Pn¡pI, ]»nIv kÀhoknepw {]Xn\n[n Øm]\§fnepw {]mXn\n[yw A\pZn¡pI apXemb e£y§Ä¡pthWvSn It¯men¡À \S¯nb ]uckaXzhmZ {]t£m`¯nsâ ]n¶nse _p²n sFknbptSXmbncp¶p. \nhÀ¯\ {]Øm\hpw tÌäv tIm¬{Kkpw sFkntbmSv hfsctbsd ISs¸«ncn¡p¶p.

1945se hnZym`ymk {]t£m`¯n\p t\XrXzw \ÂInbXnsâ t]cn sF.kn. Nmt¡mbpsS s]³j³ d±v sN¿psa¶p Znhm³ kn.]n. `ojWns¸Sp¯n. hnZymeb tZikmXvIcWs¯ sF.kn. Nmt¡m FXnÀ¯ncp¶p. AtXkabw A[ym]IcpsS XmXv]cy§Ä¡pthWvSnbpw At±lw hmZn¨p. sXäv Bcp sNbvXmepw AXp sXämsW¶v ]dbm\pÅ [mÀanIXbpw \· Bcp sNbvXmepw AXns\ A`n\µn¡m\pÅ k·\kpw At±l¯n\pWvSmbncp¶p.

It¯men¡m tIm¬{Kknsâ D]ÚmXm¡fn HcmfmWv sF.kn. Nmt¡m. 1945 ]membn \S¶ FsIknkn hmÀjnI¯nse A[y£\mbncp¶p At±lw ^m. HtWsc FkvsPbm Øm]nXamb FwknsshF F¶ hnZymÀYnkwLS\bpsS {]knUâv ]Zhnbpw At±lw Ae¦cn¨p. sF.kn. Nmt¡mbpsS hnhn[§fmb tkh\§sf am\n¨v amÀ]m¸ At±l¯n\p sjhenbÀ Øm\w \ÂIn.

1966 tabv 27\v 97þmas¯ hbkn At±lw ZnhwKX\mbn. {]apJ A`n`mjI\mbncp¶ kndnbIv \n[ocnbpsS aIÄ tacnbmbncp¶p kl[ÀanWn. A\\ykm[mcWamb ta[miànbpw AXpeyamb ]mÞnXyhpw sF.kn. Nmt¡mbpsS {]tXyIXIfmbncp¶p. sF.knbpsS PohNcn{Xw kmwkvImcnIhIp¸n\pthWvSn {]^. amXyp DeIwXd FgpXnbn«pWvSv.

Bi¦Ifpw AklnjvWpXbpw _m¡nh¨v tamZnbpsS cWvSp hÀjw

  Share on Facebook
ctaiv sN¶n¯e

\tc{µ tamZnbpsS t\XrXz¯nepff F³UnF kÀ¡mÀ A[nImctaän«p cWvSp hÀjw ]qÀ¯nbmIpt¼mÄ C´ybnse 120 tImSn P\§fpsS a\kn DcpWvSpIqSnb Bi¦IfpsS ImÀtaL ]Se§Ä A\pZn\w GdnhcpIbmWv. A\´ sshhn[y§fpsS at\mÚ kt½f\amb \½psS cmPys¯ aXm[njvTnX cmjv{Sam¡m\pw P\m[n]Xy Øm]\§fpsS Icp¯pw ssNX\yhpw tNmÀ¯n Hcp GIm[n]Xy `cWIqS¯n\\pkrXambn Ahsb ]mIs¸Sp¯nsbSp¡m\papÅ {ia§fmWv Ignª cWvSp hÀjambn IWvSpsImWvSncn¡p¶Xv. Adnhnsâ {]ImitKm]pc§fmb tZiob kÀhIemimeIfpsS P\m[n]Xyþ atXXcþ _u²nI kz`mhs¯ \in¸n¡p¶Xp apX hyànbpsS Blmcioe§fnte¡p IS¶pIbdn B[n]Xyw Øm]n¡p¶Xp hsc Hcp ^mknÌv `cWIqSw Fs´ms¡ sN¿mtam AsXÃmw adbpw aSnbpanÃmsX sNbvXpt]mcpIbmWp tamZnbpsS t\XrXz¯nepÅ kwL]cnhmdnsâ \ng `cWIqSw.

{]Xn]£ _lpam\sa¶Xp P\m[n]XyhyhØbpsS A´k¯bmWv. hntbmPn¸pIÄ cmjv{Sob]chpw Bib]chpambncn¡Ww. F¶mÂ, _nsP]n kÀ¡mÀ `cW¯ntednb A¶p apX tkmWnbmKmÔn AS¡apÅ {]Xn]£ t\Xm¡sf hyàn]cambn A[nt£]n¡m\pw s]mXpP\a[y¯n XmdSn¡m\papÅ {ia§Ä \nÀeÖw Act§dpIbmWv. AKkvX shÌvem³Uv tIkn tkmWnbmKmÔnsb DÄs¸Sp¯m³ Bhiyamb sXfnhpIÄ krjvSn¨p \ÂIWsa¶v C´y³ {][m\a{´n Xs¶ Cämenb³ A[nIrXtcmSv Bhiys¸«psh¶ Xc¯nepÅ am[ya dnt¸mÀ«pIÄ ]pd¯ph¶p. kp{_aWy³kzmansbt¸mepÅ Iqen¯ÃpImsc hnebvs¡Sp¯v ]mÀesaân hymP Btcm]W§fpbÀ¯n. tIm¬{Kkv t\Xm¡Äs¡Xnsc D¶bn¨ Btcm]W§fnseÃmw Xs¶, AXv AKkvX shÌvem³Uv tIknembmepw \mjW sldmÄUv tIknembmepw Gsdm«p sImWvSpanà hSnsbms«mSnbpIbpw sNbvXp F¶Xmbn tamZn kwL¯nsâ AhØ.

\qämWvSpIfmbn `mcXob kaqlw I®nse IrjvWaWn t]mse Im¯pkq£n¡p¶ _lpkzcX F¶ al¯mb k¦ev]w Ncn{X¯nse Gähpw henb `ojWn t\cn« Imebfhmbncp¶p Cu cWvSp hÀj¡mew. C´y³ kaql¯nsâ NmeIiànbmb atXXcXzhpw _lpkzcXbpw XIÀ¯v GIinemJWvUw t]msemcp kaqls¯ \nÀans¨Sp¡pI, AXneqsS Hcp aXm[njvTnX cmjv{Sw bmYmÀYyam¡pI F¶ BÀFkvFknsâ ap¡m \qämWvSmbpÅ AP³U ]qÀ¯oIcn¡pI F¶ GI e£yamWp tamZn¡p ap¼nepÅXv. Cu ^mknÌv e£ys¯ P\§fnÂ\n¶p ad¨phbv¡m\pÅ ]«pIp¸mb§fmWv AOmZn³, IŸWw Xncn¨psImWvSphc XpS§nb s]mÅbmb hmNmtSm]§Ä.

H¶p ]dbpI, asäm¶p {]hÀ¯n¡pI F¶Xp ^mknk¯nsâ ASnØm\ kz`mhamWv. kXys¯¡mtfsd \pWIsf hnizkn¡m\mWp P\§Ä CjvSs¸Sp¶sX¶p lnäveÀ F¶pw IcpXnbncp¶p. tamZnbpw AXn Ipdª Hcmfsöp hnizkn¡m\pÅ FÃm ImcW§fpw \ap¡p NpäpapWvSv.

\yq\]£§Ä, {]tXyIn¨v C´ybnse apÉnw kaqlw, hfscb[nIw `bmi¦ItfmsSbmWv tamZn kÀ¡mcns\ t\m¡n¡mWp¶Xv. kmaqlnIhpw cmjv{Sobhpw aX]chpamb A\yh¡cW§Ä Ahsc tZiob apJy[mcbn \n¶v AIäns¡mWvSncn¡p¶p. _o^v D]tbmKn¡p¶hÀ am{Xaà D]tbmKn¨psh¶v kwibn¡s¸Sp¶hÀ t]mepw sImÃs¸SWsa¶ Im«p\oXnbmWp kwL]cnhmdn\p ]Yyw. _nlmÀ sXcsªSp¸n\p sXm«pap¼mWv D¯À{]tZin apl½Zv AJveJv F¶ lX`mKy³ _o^v D]tbmKn¨psh¶p kwibn¡s¸«Xnsâ ^eambn aÀZ\taäp acn¨Xv. At±l¯nsâ aI³ ssk\nI\msW¶pIqSn HmÀ¡Ww. PmÀJÞn ]iphns\ sh«m³ sImWvSph¶psh¶ ImcWw ]dªmWp ]Xn\©pImcs\ XÃns¡m¶Xv.

GXp kwØm\¯p sXcsªSp¸v h¶mepw _nsP]n¡v D]tbmKn¡m³ Ignbp¶ Htc Hcp Bbp[w aXhnImcamWv. cmat£{Xw, _o^v \ntcm[\w, GI knhn tImUv XpS§nb X§fpsS Bh\mgnbnse FÃm Akv{X§fpw hÀKob {[phoIcW¯n\mbn AhÀ D]tbmKn¡pw. CXn\mbn AhÀ¡p hnZKv[cmb Xo{hhmZn t\Xm¡fpWvSv. km£n almcmPv, tbmKn BZnXy\mYv, km[zn \ncRvP³ tPymXn XpS§nbhÀ CXn\mbn {]tXyIw ]cnioen¡s¸«hcmWv. Chcn ]ecpw P\m[n]Xy¯nsâ {iotImhnemb ]mÀesaânepw \nba\nÀamW k`Ifnepw AwK§fmWv F¶XmWp tJZIcamb hkvXpX. hm¡pIfneqsS ChÀ han¸n¡p¶ hÀKob hnjPzmebmWp ]mhw AJeJpamsc X¨psImÃm³ shdn]qWvS A\pbmbnIÄ¡v t{]cW \ÂIp¶Xv.

C¯cw sIme]mXI§sf H¶v A]e]n¡m³ t]mepw {][m\a{´n XbmdmbnÃ. AklnjvWpXsb hnaÀin¨psh¶ ImcW¯m AaoÀJms\bpw jmcq^v Jms\bpw t]mepÅ IemImc³amtcmSp ]m¡nØm\nte¡p t]mIm³hsc kwL]cnhmdnsâ Xo{hapJ§Ä Bhiys¸«p. F´n\[nIw, Ignª bp]nF kÀ¡mÀ Øm]n¨ \yq\]£ a{´meb¯nsâbpw {]hmkn a{´meb¯nsâbpw {]hÀ¯\wt]mepw tamZn A[nImc¯nse¯nbtXmsS kvXw`n¨pIgnªp.

kzX{´cmb a\pjyÀ cq]s¸Sp¶ CS§fpw ^mknÌpIÄ¡p NXpÀYnbmWv. \½psS tI{µ kÀhIemimeIsf k¼qÀWambn ssI¸nSnbnsemXp¡n kwL{]Xybimkv{X¯n\p ]pXnb Ipgeq¯pImsc krjvSn¡m\pÅ {ias¯ C´y³ bphXzw AXn [ocambmWp t\cn«Xv. tcmlnXv shapesbt¸mepÅhÀ kz´w PohnXw Xs¶ {]t£m`§fpsS Aįmcbn _enbmbn \ÂInbt¸mÄ I\¿Ipamdns\t¸mepÅhÀ XShdIsft¸mepw Ku\n¡msX hÀKob ^mknks¯ shÃphnfn¨p. D¶X hnZym`ymk cwK¯v tamZn kÀ¡mÀ \S¸m¡m\pt±in¨ hÀKob AP³UItfmSpÅ C´y³ bphXz¯nsâ {]Xntj[amWp sslZcm_mZv tI{µ kÀhIemime, PhlÀem s\lvdp kÀhIemime XpS§nb anIhnsâ tI{µ§sfsbÃmw kac`qanIfm¡n amänbXv.

AenKUv kÀhIemimebpsS sshkv Nm³kedpw C´y³ Ictk\bn \n¶p e^vä\âv P\d dm¦n hncan¨bmfpw {]ikvX \S³ \kdp±o³jmbpsS ktlmZc\pamb daokp±o³ jmsb A]am\n¡p¶ hn[¯n tI{µ am\h hnIk\a{´n kvarXn Cdm\n s]cpamdnbXmbpw hmÀ¯IÄ h¶p. tIcf¯nse AenKUv Im¼kv AS¨p]q«m\pÅ {iaw tI{µkÀ¡mÀ \S¯nsb¦nepw iàamb FXnÀ¸ns\ XpSÀ¶v AXpamänh¨p. Ct¸mÄ ^WvSv \ntj[n¨psImWvSv {]kvXpX tI{µs¯ izmkw ap«n¨p sImÃm\mWp _nsP]n kÀ¡mÀ {ian¡p¶Xv.

P\m[n]Xy kwhn[m\§sf ZpÀ_es¸Sp¯pI F¶Xp ^mknÌpIfpsS asämcp CjvShnt\mZamWv. AcpWmNÂ{]tZinepw D¯cmJWvUnepw tIm¬{Kkv kÀ¡mcpIsf A«nadn¡m³ tI{µ kÀ¡mÀ Ifn¨ A[mÀanIhpw avtfÑhpamb cmjv{Sob¡fn CXn\pap¼p tI«ptIÄhnbnÃm¯XmWv. X§fptSXÃm¯ kÀ¡mcpIsfÃmw ]n³hmXneneqsS A«nadn¡s¸SWsa¶p IcpXp¶hÀ P\m[n]Xy¯nsâ A´IcmWv, P\§fpsS i{Xp¡fpw. kwL]cnhmdnsâ am\ns^tÌmbn P\m[n]Xyw F¶ hm¡nÃm¯XpsImWvSp tamZnsb kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfw CsXm¶pw A{X henb Imcyambncn¡nÃ.

tIhew 30 iXam\¯n Xmsg thm«phm§n tI{µ `cW¯n AaÀ¶ncn¡p¶ tamZnbpw kwLhpw Hcp Imcyw a\knem¡Wwþ 70 iXam\¯ne[nIw C´y³ ]uc³amÀ Ct¸mgpw \n§fpsS kzm[o\ heb¯n\p ]pd¯mWv. C´ysb Hcp P\m[n]Xyþ atXXc þ _lpkzc kaqlambn \ne\nÀ¯m³ Cu 70 iXam\¯n\p Ignbpw. _nsP]n¡p thm«p sNbvX 30 iXam\w t]mepw _nsP]n hncp²cmbns¡mWvSncn¡p¶psh¶p _nlmdnse sXcsªSp¸v ^ew kqNn¸n¡p¶p.

C´ybnse \yp\]£§fpsS c£ C´y³ \mjW tIm¬{KkneqsSbmWv F¶Xv XÀ¡aä hkvXpXbmWv. tIm¬{Kkn\v \yq\]£§tfmSpÅ {]Xn_²X GsX¦nepw sXcsªSp¸nse hnPbs¯tbm ]cmPbs¯tbm B{ibn¨Ã \nesImÅp¶Xv. Ignª Ht¶Im \qämWvSmbn Cu {]Øm\¯nsâ {]Jym]nX \bamWXv. AXpsImWvSv Xs¶ aq¶v hÀj§Ä¡v tijw \S¡p¶ temIvk`m sXcsªSp¸n tIm¬{KkneqsS Xs¶ C´ybnse atXXc hnizmknIÄ tamZn `cW¯n\v Np« adp]Sn \ÂIpsas¶\n ¡pd¸mWv.

Copyright @ 2016 , Rashtra Deepika Ltd.