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ipNnXz `mcX¯nte¡v C\nsb{X Zqcw?

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ipNnXzhgnbnse hn¹h Imlfw / Sn.F. tPmÀPv

{Kma§Ä kzbw]cym]vXX t\Sp¶ ]qÀW {KmakzcmPmbncp¶p cmjv{S]nXmhmb almßmKmÔnbpsS hnIk\kz]v\sa¦n FÃmhÀ¡pw tSmbveäv F¶Xmbncp¶p {]Ya {][m\a{´n PhlÀem s\lvdphnsâ hnIk\ho£Ww. FÃm P\§Ä¡pw kz´ambn F¶p tSmbveäv DWvSmIpt¶m, A¶v C´y Hcp hnIknXcmPyamsW¶p ]dbm\mIpsa¶mWv s\lvdp ]dªph¨Xv. {KmakzcmPv F¶Xp e£ykm£mXvIcWt¯mSv ASp¡p¶psWvS¦nepw kzX{´`mcX¯n\v 68 hbkmbn«pw s\lvdphnsâ kz]v\w km£mXvIcn¡m\mbn«nÃ.

]ucsâ auenImhImi§fnsem¶mWp {]mYanIIrXy\nÀhlW¯n\p kuIcysa¶Xv. F¶mÂ, C´ybnse ]IpXnbntesdbpw P\§Ä¡p kz´w tSmbveäv F¶Xv C¶pw hnZqckz]v\ambn Ahtijn¡p¶p. 11 ]©hÕc]²XnIÄ IS¶pt]mbn«pw ipNnXztaJebn am{Xw \mant¸mgpw ]nt¶m¡wXs¶. sshImsX P¸ms\ ]n´Ån cmPyw aq¶mas¯ temI km¼¯nIiànbmIpt¼mÄ \odp¶ {]iv\§fnsem¶mbn Ahtijn¡p¶Xp tSmbveänsâ A]cym]vXXbpw cq£amb amen\y{]iv\hpwXs¶.

C´yt]mepÅ cmPy§fnse P\§fpsS ZpchØ IWvSn«mbncn¡mw Hm¸¬ sUs^t¡j³ (Xpdkmb Øe¯pÅ aehnkÀP\w) F¶ hm¡pXs¶ kmbn¸v Cw¥ojv ]Zmhenbn Iq«nt¨À¯Xv. bmsXmcp kt¦mNhpw IqSmsX Xpdkmb Øe§fnencp¶pw sdbnÂth {Sm¡pIfpsSbpw tdmUpIfpsSbpw hi§fnencp¶pw {]IrXnbpsS hnfntIÄ¡p¶ P\X C´y¡mÀ¡v C¶pw A]qÀh ImgvNbÃ. hoSn\pÅntem sXm«Spt¯m tSmbveäv \nÀan¡p¶Xp hr¯ntISmbn IcpXp¶ kaqlw D¯tc´ybn Ct¸mgpapsWvS¶ncns¡ Chsc t_m[hXvIcn¡pIbmWv ASnb´cambn sNt¿WvSXv.

tSmbveäv kuIcyanÃmsX temIsa§pw 250 tImSn P\§Ä

temI¯v 250 tImSn P\§Ä¡p aXnbmb tSmbveäv kuIcyansömWv sFIycmjv{Sk` ASp¯nsS ]pd¯phn« dnt¸mÀ«nepÅXv. temIP\kwJybn aq¶nsem¶pw C¯c¯n A\mtcmKyIcamb kmlNcy¯n Pohn¡p¶Xp aäp a\pjycpsS \ne\nev]n\pXs¶ `ojWnbmsW¶mWv sFIycmjv{Sk`bpsS ap¶dnbn¸v. CXn 110 tImSn P\§fpw {]mYanIIrXy\nÀhlW¯n\mbn Xpdkmb Øe§sf B{ibn¡p¶p.

C´ybS¡w 22 cmPy§fnemWp tSmbveäpIfpsS A`mhw BtcmKycwK¯p `ojWn krãn¡p¶Xv. bqWnsk^nsâ ]T\ {]Imcw FtXym]ybptSXmWv C¡mcy¯n Gähpw tamis¸« AhØ. AhnsS 60 iXam\w t]À¡pw tSmbveänÃ. icnbmb tSmbveäv kuIcyhpw ipNoIcW {]hÀ¯\hpw \S¶m {]XnhÀjw cWvSp e£t¯mfw inipacW§Ä XSbm³ km[n¡psa¶mWp IW¡v. temIw t\cnSp¶ Gsd KuchapÅ Cu {]iv\w NÀ¨ sN¿s¸SmsX t]mIpIbmWv.

C´ybn tSmbveäv kuIcyanÃm¯Xv 50 tImSn P\§Ä¡v

km¼¯nI hfÀ¨bpsS Imcy¯nepw sFSn hnIk\¯nsâ Imcy¯nepw C´y A`nam\]qcnXbmIpt¼mgpw cmPys¯ 50 tImSntbmfw {KmahmknIÄ kz´ambn tSmbveäv kuIcyanÃmsX s]mXpØe¯v aehnkÀP\w \S¯p¶Xp \mWt¡SmWv. temI¯nse Gähpw henb s]mXpI¡qkmbn C´y³ sdbnÂth Adnbs¸Sp¶Xpw At§bäw \mWt¡SpXs¶.

1947 hsc kmaqlyþ km¼¯nI ØnXnbn GXmWvSv C´ybpsS kam\mhØbnembncp¶ ssN\ C¡mcy¯n t\Snb ]ptcmKXn AkqbmhlamWv. Hcp iXam\w t]À¡p am{XamWp ssN\bn Ct¸mÄ tSmbveänÃm¯Xv. A^vKm\nØm³, ]m¡nØm³, _w¥mtZiv, {ioe¦ F¶o AbÂcmPy§Ä t]mepw Cu Imcy¯n C´ybpsS ap¶nemsW¶XmWp hkvXpX. ]m¡nØm\n 23 iXam\w t]À am{XamWp kz´ambn tSmbveänÃm¯hÀ.

samss_epWvSv, tSmbveänÃ

2012 amÀ¨n ]pd¯phn« dnt¸mÀ«v {]Imcw cmPy¯p tSmbveäpIsf¡mÄ IqSpXepÅXp samss_ IWIvj\pIfmWv. P\kwJybn 63.2 iXam\w t]À¡pw sSet^m¬ IWIvj\pWvSv. CXn 53.2 iXam\w t]À samss_ t^m¬ IWIvj\pÅhcmWv. F¶mÂ, tIhew 46.9 iXam\w t]À¡p am{Xta kz´ambn tSmbveäv kuIcyapÅq. 3.2 iXam\w t]cmIs« {]mYanIIrXy \nÀhlW¯n\p s]mXptSmbveäpIsf B{ibn¡p¶p. Npcp¡¯n 49.8 iXam\w P\§fpw aehnkÀP\w \S¯p¶Xp Xpdkmb Øe§fnemWv. samss_ t^mWn kwkmcn¨psImWvSp Xpdkmb Øe¯ncp¶p {]mYanIIrXyw \nÀhln¡p¶Xp D¯tc´y³ {Kma§fn ]Xnhp ImgvNbmWv. CXpIWvSp hntZin Nncn¡pt¼mÄ Aev]t\cw CuÀjy tXm¶nbtijw \maXp ad¡p¶p.

A©p kwØm\§fn tSmbveäv D]tbmKn¡m¯hÀ IqSpXÂ

cmPys¯ A©p kwØm\§fnse P\§fn `qcn]£hpw Ct¸mgpw tSmbveäpIÄ D]tbmKn¡m¯hcmWv. _nlmÀ, PmÀJÞv, O¯okvKUv, HUoj, D¯À{]tZiv F¶o kwØm\§fmWp cmPy¯n\p \mWt¡SpWvSm¡p¶Xv. C¡mea{Xbpw tSmbveäv D]tbmKn¡p¶Xnsâ BhiyIXsb¡pdnt¨m ipNnXzs¯¡pdnt¨m P\§fn `qcn]£hpw t_m[hm·mcÃmbncp¶p. AXn\m¯s¶ P\§fn henb hn`mKhpw Xpdkmb Øe§fn hnkÀP\w \S¯p¶p. ]pcpj·mÀ bmsXmcp kt¦mNhpw IqSmsX {]IrXnbpsS hnfntI«v Xpdkmb Øe§fnte¡p t]mIpt¼mÄ kv{XoIfpw s]¬Ip«nIfpamWp ZpcnXa\p`hn¡p¶Xv. Ccp«nsâ adhn Imcykm[yw \S¯m³ ChÀ \nÀ_ÔnXcmIp¶p.

2011se sk³skkv {]Imcw 18.6 iXam\w t]À¡p am{Xta _nlmdn tSmbveäv kuIcyapÅq. PmÀJÞn CXv 8.3 iXam\hpw O¯okvKUn 14.8 iXam\hpw HUojbn 15.3 iXam\hpw D¯À{]tZin 22.9 iXam\hpamWv.

Xpd¶ tSmbveämbn eIvt\m \Kcw

C´ybnse FÃm \Kc§Ä¡pw A]am\amWv D¯À{]tZiv XeØm\amb eIvt\m. 30 e£w P\§Ä Xmakn¡p¶ Cu \Kc¯n kv{XoIÄ¡p {]tXyIambn tSmbveäv CsöXmWp bmYmÀYyw. 58,844 t]À¡v Hcp tSmbveäv am{Xsa¶ AhØ. hnhcmhImi{]hÀ¯Ibmb DuÀhin iÀabv¡p eIvt\m ap\nkn¸Â tImÀ]tdj\nÂ\n¶p e`n¨ tcJbpw C¡mcyw ASnhcbnSp¶p.

\KchmknIÄ hnhnsF]n taJeIfn hscsb¯n Imcyw km[n¡p¶p. Ignª XhW kwØm\w `cn¨ ambmhXnkÀ¡mÀ ]mÀ«nØm]I³ Im³jndmansâbpw ]mÀ«nNnÓamb B\bpsSbpw {]XnaIÄ \nÀan¡m³ 500 tImSnbntesd cq] sNehgn¨t¸mgmWv tSmbveäv F¶ P\¯nsâ ASnØm\ Bhiyw AhKWn¨Xv.

D¯tc´ybnse ]oU\§Ä¡p ImcWw tSmbveäpIfpsS A`mhw


tSmbveäpIfpsS A]cym]vXX Gähpa[nIw _m[n¡p¶Xp kv{XoIsfbmWv. Imcykm[y¯n\mbn Ccp«nsâ adhv ChÀ¡p thWvSnhcp¶p. C¯c¯n t\cw ]pecpt¼mtgm cm{XnbmIpt¼mtgm Xpdkmb Øe§fnte¡v ChÀ t]mIp¶Xp `bt¯msSbmWv. D¯tc´y³ kwØm\§fn kao]Ime¯p kv{XoIÄ¡pw s]¬Ip«nIÄ¡pw t\tcbpWvSmb ]oU\kw`h§Ä ]eXpw C¯cw kmlNcy¯nepWvSmbXmWv.

D¯À{]tZinse _Zmhq³ PnÃbnÂs¸« I{XmkmZXvKRvPv {Kma¯n cWvSp ZfnXv s]¬Ip«nIsf am\`wK¯n\ncbm¡nbtijw sImes¸Sp¯n ac¯n sI«n¯q¡nb kw`hhpw Ccp«nsâ adhn {]mYanIIrXyw \S¯p¶Xn\nsSbmbncp¶p F¶mWp dnt¸mÀ«pIÄ. temIs¯¯s¶ sR«n¨ Cu kw`ht¯msS kz´ambn tSmbveäv F¶ Bhiyw D¯tc´y³ {Kma§fn kPohambncn¡pIbmWv.

hn¹hmlzm\hpambn kv{XoIÄ

hoSnt\mSp tNÀ¶p kz´ambn tSmbveäv F¶ auenImhImihpambn kv{XoIfpw s]¬Ip«nIfpw cwK¯phcm³ XpS§nbtXmsS D¯tc´y³ kwØm\§fn Hcp tSmbveäv hn¹hwXs¶ AebSn¨psImWvSncn¡p¶p. a[y{]tZinse A\nX Imsc F¶ BZnhmknbphXn sImfp¯nb Cu hn¹hmlzm\w \nch[n kv{XoIÄ¡p {]tNmZ\ambns¡mWvSncn¡p¶p. AtX¡pdn¨p \msf.

(XpScpw)



k¼qÀW ipNnXztemIw kz]v\wIWvSp Pm¡v knw


k¼qÀW ipNnXztemIw kz]v\wIWvSv AXn\mbn PohnXw kaÀ¸n¨ hyànbmWp knwK¸qÀ kztZinbmb Pm¡v knw. tSmbveäv amen\yw krãn¡p¶ KpcpXc `hnjy¯ns\¡pdn¨pw tSmbveäpIÄ hr¯nbmbn kq£nt¡WvSXnsâ BhiyIXsb¡pdn¨pw Ignª Hcp ]XnämWvSmbn Cu Adp]XpImc³ temIs¯ ]Tn¸n¨psImWvSncp¶p.

hr¯nbpÅ tSmbveäv F¶ Bhiyhpambn BZyw cwK¯ph¶t¸mÄ temIt\Xm¡fpw am[ya§fpw Pm¡ns\ ]cnlkn¨p. F¶mÂ, ]n¶oSp IWvSXv sFIycmjv{Sk`Xs¶ Cu hnjbw Gsd Kucht¯msS GsäSp¡p¶ ImgvNbmWv. temI¯v Gähpa[nIw tSmbveäv ipNnXzw ]men¡p¶ cmPysa¶ {]ikvXn knwK¸qcn\mWv. Cu t\«¯n\p ]n¶n Pm¡nsâ {]hÀ¯\amWv.

kz´ambn tSmbveäv F¶Xp ]ucsâ auenImhImiambn IWvSv Cu e£y km£mXvImc¯n\mbn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ Pm¡ns\ anÌÀ tSmbveäv F¶ Hma\t¸cnepw temIw hnfn¡p¶p. temI tSmbveäv Atkmkntbjsâ Øm]I\mb Ct±lw \S¯nb \nc´c {ia^eambmWv 2011 apX \hw_À 19\p temI tSmbveäv Zn\ambn sFIycmjv{Sk` BNcn¨phcp¶Xv.

Ccp]¯n\memw hbkn kz´ambn \nÀamW I¼\n XpS§nb Ct±lw 40þmw hbkmbt¸mtgbv¡pw Gsd Dbc§fnse¯n. PohnX¯nse FÃm kpJkuIcy§fpw A\p`hn¨ At±lw Xsâ inãPohnXw am\hcminbpsS \·bv¡mbn amänhbv¡m³ Xocpam\n¨p. AXn\mbn _nkn\kv ]qÀWambn Dt]£n¨p. GXp Imcy¯nemWp {i² sImSpt¡WvSsX¶p hyàXbnÃmXncp¶ At±lw kz´w cmPyamb knwK¸qcneqsS Hcp apgp\of bm{Xbv¡mbn Cd§n¯ncn¨p. bm{Xbn {i²bnÂs¸« kz´w cmPys¯ s]mXptSmbveäpIfpsS \nehmcanÃmbva At±ls¯ ]nSn¨pIpep¡n. cmPys¯ s]mXp tSmbveäpIfpsS \nehmcw DbÀ¯pIsb¶ e£yt¯msS 1998 dÌv dqw Atkmkntbj³ Hm^v knwK¸qÀ F¶ kwLS\bv¡v At±lw cq]w \ÂIn. kv{XoIÄ¡mbn IqSpX tSmbveäpIÄ \nÀan¡m³ kÀ¡mcns\ t{]cn¸n¨p.

s]mXptSmbveäpIfpsS \nehmcapbÀ¯n ipNnXztaJebn knwK¸qcns\ amXrIbmbn temI¯n\pap¼msI AhXcn¸n¡m\mbncp¶p XpSÀ¶v At±l¯nsâ {iaw. CXn\nSbnemWp Xm³ cq]oIcn¨ kwLS\bv¡p kam\ambn Nne bqtdm]y³ cmPy§fnepw tSmbveäv Atkmkntbj\pIÄ {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ hnhcw At±l¯nsâ {i²bnÂs¸«Xv. Cu kwLS\IsfsbÃmw Hcp IpS¡ogn AWn\nc¯m\mbncp¶p Pm¡nsâ ASp¯ {iaw. Cu e£yhpambn 2001 temI tSmbveäv HmÀKss\tkj\p cq]w \ÂIn. tSmbveäpambn _Ôs¸« hnhn[ hnjb§Ä ]Tn¸n¡p¶Xn\mbpw ]cnioe\w kn²n¨ hnZKv[kwLs¯ hmÀs¯Sp¡pIsb¶ e£yt¯msSbpw 2005 thÄUv tSmbveäv tImfPv Øm]n¨p. knwK¸qÀ t]mfnsSIv\n¡pambn tNÀ¶ kwbpà kwcw`sa¶ \nebnemWv CXp {]hÀ¯n¡p¶Xv.

temIhym]Iambn ipNnXztaJebn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ bpF³þlm_nämäv, bps\kvtIm, bqWnsk^v, bpF³Un]n, temI_m¦v XpS§n 130 kwLS\Isf AWn\nc¯n 2007 kpØnc ipNnXz kJy¯n\v cq]w \ÂIm³ Pm¡v ap³ssIsbSp¯p. 2008 temIipNnXzhÀjambn sFIycmjv{Sk` BNcn¨t¸mÄ CXn\pÅ IÀa]²XnIÄ BhnjvIcn¨Xp Pm¡mbncp¶p. temI tSmbveäv HmÀKss\tkj\p Iogn Ct¸mÄ 58 cmPy§fnse 235 kwLS\IÄ {]hÀ¯n¡p¶pWvSv.

2001 apX \hw_À 19\v Øm]IZn\ambn kwLS\ BNcn¨phcp¶p. Cu Zn\w temI tSmbveäv Zn\ambn temIhym]Iambn Ct¸mÄ BNcn¡p¶p. tSmbveäpIfpsS \nehmcapbÀ¯pI, ipNnXzs¯¡pdn¨p t_m[hXvIcn¡pI XpS§nbhbmWv Cu Zn\mNcW¯nsâ e£yw.


D]sXcsªSp¸n\p ap¼p hntZzj¡¨hSw

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DÅXp ]dªm / sI. tKm]meIrjvW³

C´ybn Hcp Ime¯p sXcsªSp¸pt]mcm«w {]Xybimkv{Xw, \b]cn]mSnIÄ, IÀa]²Xn F¶nhbneqsSbmbncp¶p. cmPy¯nsâ BZy {][m\a{´n A´cn¨ PhlÀem s\lvdp At±l¯nsâ ]mÀ«nbpsS \b§fpw IÀa]cn]mSnIfpw hniZoIcn¡p¶Xn\p khntij{i² \ÂIpIbpw sXcsªSp¸p{]NmcW¯n P\§fpsS ]n´pW tXSpIbpw sNbvXncp¶p. Iãw! sXcsªSp¸p{]NmcW coXnIÄ Ct¸mÄ BsI amdnt¸mbncn¡p¶p.

t\Xmhnsâ hyànanIhns\ tI{µoIcn¨mbn {]NmcWw. Nne kµÀ`§fn PmXnþaX XmXv]cy§fpsS t]cnemWv A`yÀY\IÄ. Ignª cWvSp ZiI¯n\pÅntem AXn\Sp¯ kabt¯m BWv {]NmcWw PmXntI{µoIrXambXv. kao]hÀj§fn Cu tamiw {]hWX IqSpX cq£ambn. Ct¸mÄ sXcsªSp¸p {]NmcWsa¶Xv Hcp kapZmb¯n\pta asämcp kapZmbw hntZzjw {]ISn¸n¡p¶ Xc¯nembn amdn. kaql¯n henb hn`P\w krãn¡s¸Sp¶tXmsS kmaqlym´co£w aen\amIpsa¶p am{Xaà ]ckv]chnizmkanÃmbvabpw sshcmKyhpw cq]s¸SpIbpw sN¿pw.

D]sXcsªSp¸pIfn kÀ¡mcnsâ {]IS\ambncp¶p ap¼v {]NmcW¯n\p {][m\ambpw D]tbmKn¨ncp¶Xv. kÀ¡mcnsâ t\«§fpw {]IS\hpw `cWI£n Asæn `cWap¶Wn thm«ÀamcpsS ap¶n \nc¯pt¼mÄ AXnsâ ]cmPb§Ä F®nsb®n¸dªp {]Xn]£w `cWhncp²thm«pIÄ¡p {ian¡pw. D]sXcsªSp¸pIfnse {]NmcW¯nÂ\n¶p apXnÀ¶ t\Xm¡Ä t_m[]qÀhw amdn\n¡pIbpw {]NmcW¨paXe {]mtZinIt\Xm¡Ä¡p hn«psImSp¡pIbpambncp¶p ap¼s¯ coXn. kµÀ`w Bhiys¸Sp¶X\pkcn¨p apXnÀ¶ t\Xm¡Ä Ht¶m ctWvSm s]mXptbmK§fn ]s¦Sp¯membn. Ct¸mÄ Imcy§sfÃmw amdnadnªp. {i² tI{µoIcnt¡WvS hnjb§fpw amdn. hyàn]camb A]IoÀ¯ns¸Sp¯epw aXhntZzjw hfÀ¯p¶XpamWv Ct¸mgs¯ {]NmcWw.

H¼Xp kwØm\§fnse 33 \nbak`m aÞe§fnte¡pw aq¶p temIvk`m koänte¡papÅ D]sXcsªSp¸n ASp¯nsS \S¶ {]NmcW¯n C´y³ cmjv{Sobhn]Wnbnse AXniàamb hntZzj¡¨hSamWp ZriyambXv. kaql¯nse klhÀ¯nXzw CÃmXm¡p¶ C¯cw I¨hS¯nÂ\n¶p hfsc¡pdn¨p cmjv{SobI£nIÄ am{XamWp hn«p\n¶Xv. C´y³ kaql¯nsâ aX\nct]£ N«¡qSpw ASn¯dbpw ZpÀ_eam¡p¶Xns\m¸w cmPy¯nsâ atXXc aqey§fpsSbpw sshhn[yamÀ¶ kwkvImc¯nsâbpw \mcmbthcv Adp¡pIIqSnbmWv C¯cw \S]SnIfneqsS. IqSpX cmjv{SobI£nIÄ hntZzj¡¨hS¯nte¡p Xncnbp¶Xp kaqls¯bpw cmPys¯bpw \mi¯nsâ h¡nse¯n¡psa¶ kXyw FÃmhcpw HmÀant¡WvSXmWv.

D]sXcsªSp¸n\v GXm\pw Znhkwap¼p `mcXob P\Xm ]mÀ«nbpsS apXnÀ¶ t\Xmhpw tKmcJv]pÀ Fw]nbpw D¯À{]tZinse _nsP]nbpsS sXcsªSp¸p NpaXebpÅbmfpamb tbmKn BZnXy\mYv kapZmbkv]À[ hfÀ¯p¶ {]NmcW¯n A`bwtXSn. Hcp]t£ thm«pIÄ IqSpXembn e`n¡psa¶mbncn¡mw {]Xo£. BZnXy\mYnsâ \S]Sns¡Xntc iàambn cwKs¯¯nb tI{µ sXcsªSp¸p I½oj³, amXrIms]cpam䨫§Ä ewLn¨psh¶p NqWvSn¡m«n apXnÀ¶ _nsP]n t\Xm¡Ä¡p IÀi\amb Xm¡oXp \ÂIn. apXnÀ¶ t\Xm¡Ä¡p Xm¡oXv \ÂInb Imcyhpw kqNn¸n¨p sXcsªSp¸p I½oj³ BZnXy\mYn\p \ÂInb Adnbn¸nÂ, 2014 sk]väw_À 19\p I½oj³ ]pd¯nd¡nb t\m«okn kqNn¸n¨ amXrIm s]cpam䨫§Ä Xm¦Ä ewLn¨p F¶mWp hyàam¡nbXv. s]cpamäZqjy¯nsâ t]cn sXcsªSp¸p I½oj³ Xm¦sf iàambn Xm¡oXv sN¿p¶Xns\m¸w `mhnbn sXcsªSp¸p {]kwK§fn sXäv BhÀ¯n¡mXncn¡m\pÅ Pm{KX ]men¡Wsa¶ ap¶dnbn¸pw \ÂIp¶p. IÀi\amb Xm¡oXv, ap¶dnbn¸v F¶o hm¡pIÄ henb A£c¯n ASnhcbn«mWv Adnbn¸n kqNn¸n¨ncn¡p¶Xv. BZnXy\mYns\Xntc {]Yahnhc dnt¸mÀ«v kaÀ¸n¡m³ D¯À{]tZinse apJy sXcsªSp¸v Hm^okÀ¡v \nÀtZiw \ÂIpIbpw sNbvXp.

{iocma³ C´y³ tZiobXbpsS NnÓamsW¶v BZnXy\mYv thm«ÀamtcmSp ]dªXmbmWp ]{X§Ä dnt¸mÀ«v sNbvXXv. cma\n hnizkn¡p¶hcpsS e£yw cmacmPyamWv, ChÀ _nsP]n¡p thm«psN¿Wsa¶mWp Xsâ A`yÀY\. samdmZm_mZnse t£{X¯nÂ\n¶v D¨`mjnWn \o¡w sNbvXt¸mÄ AhÀ tamkvIpIfn D¨`mjnWn A\phZn¨p. CXns\ FXnÀ¯ bphm¡sf PbneneS¨p. Iem]¯neqsS lnµp¡sf Ipg¸¯nem¡p¶hÀ I\¯ hne \ÂtIWvSnhcpw: BZnXy\mYv C¯c¯nsems¡ ]dsª¶mWv Btcm]Ww.

k¼qÀW aXkulmÀZw e£yan«mbncp¶p Xsâ {]kwKsa¶mbncp¶p BZnXy\mYnsâ hniZoIcWw. Cu hmZw XÅnb sXcsªSp¸p I½oj³, aX¯nsâ t]cn {]kwKn¨psh¶p am{XaÃ, CXnsâbSnØm\¯n thm«p tNmZn¨psh¶pw {]kwKw Nn{XoIcn¨ knUnbneqsS hyàamsb¶pw ]dªp. kaql¯nse hnhn[ hn`mK§Ä X½n PmXnbpsSbpw aX¯nsâbpw kapZmb¯nsâbpw `mjbpsSbpw t]cn hntZzjhpw i{XpXbpw hfÀ¯p¶Xn\v C¯cw {]kwK§Ä hgnsXfn¡pw. hntZzjw han¸n¡p¶XmsW¦nepw temIvk`m sXcsªSp¸n e`n¨ P\]n´pW Im¯pkq£n¡pIbmWp _nsP]nbpsS e£yw.

hn\miIcamb Cu Ifnbn _nsP]n Häbv¡Ã. \ãs¸« _lpP\ ]n´pW Xncn¨p]nSn¡m³ kamPvhmZn ]mÀ«n InWªp ]cn{ian¡pIbmWv. 11 \nbak`m aÞe§fnepw Hcp temIvk`m aÞe¯nepw D]sXcsªSp¸p \S¶ D¯À{]tZin thms«Sp¸n\p cWvSpZnhkw ap¼v _nsP]n A[y£³ AanXv jmbv¡v hntZzj{]kwK¯nsâ t]cn Ipä]{Xw kamPvhmZn ]mÀ«n kÀ¡mÀ \ÂIn. Cu hÀjw G{]nen temIvk`m sXcsªSp¸p {]NmcWthfbn AanXv jm \S¯nb {]kwK¯nsâ t]cnembncp¶p CXv. F´psImWvSmWp \S]Sn kzoIcn¡m³ C{Xbpw sshInbsX¶ \ymbamb kwibw kÀ¡mcnsâ Dt±iyip²nsbbpw tNmZywsN¿p¶p. Hcp]t£ \yq\]£ thm«pIÄ¡pthWvSnbmImw CXpw.

F´mbmepw tImSXn Ipä]{Xw Xncn¨b¨tXmsS, sXcsªSp¸pthfbn kamPvhmZn ]mÀ«n \S¯nb \ncmimP\Iamb \o¡amWnsX¶ _nsP]n \ne]mSn\p ]n´pWbpw e`n¨p. 2014 G{]nen temIvk`m sXcsªSp¸p {]NmcW¯n apkm^À\KÀ Iem]¯n\p ]Icw ho«Wsa¶ AanXv jmbpsS Blzm\s¯¯pSÀ¶v, sXcsªSp¸p I½oj³ At±l¯n\p hne¡v GÀs¸Sp¯nbncp¶p. AanXv jmbpsS am¸t]£ ]cnKWn¨p I½oj³ \ntcm[\w d±m¡nsb¦nepw {]tIm]\]camb Cu {]kwKw kw_Ôn¨p tImSXnhn[n hcm\ncn¡p¶tXbpÅq.

hntZzjw ASnØm\am¡nbpÅ {]NmcWw ZoÀLImes¯ {]XymLmX§Ä k½m\n¡pw. AXn\m \nehnepÅ kmlNcyw henb B]XvkqN\bmWp \ÂIp¶Xv. apdnthä a\kpIÄ thK¯n kpJw {]m]n¡nÃ. ]ckv]cw ]¦ph¨pÅ PohnXw hntZzj¯n\p hgnamdp¶Xp s]s«¶mIpw. PmXncmjv{Sob¯nsâ hnPbt`cn kaql¯nsâ im´nbpw kam[m\hpw sISp¯pw. P\m[n]Xy BZÀi§sfbpw e£y§sfbpw XIÀ¡pIbpw sN¿pw. aX¯nsâ ASnØm\¯n am{Xw sXcsªSp¸pIfn thm«psNbvXm AXp kZv`cWs¯bpw \nbahmgvNsbbpw `cWIqS¯nsâ D¯chmZnXzs¯bpw {]XnIqeambn _m[n¡pw.

Ffp¸¯n henb t\«§Ä sIm¿mw F¶Xn\m C¯cw sXcsªSp¸p X{´§Ä cmjv{SobI£nIÄ IqSpXembn ]co£n¡p¶psh¶ kqN\bmWp kao]Ime kw`h§Ä \ÂIp¶Xv. cmjv{Sobamb A`n{]mbka\zbs¯ CÃmbva sN¿p¶Xns\m¸w ASn¡Sn A{Ia§fpw kmaqlyhn`P\§fpamWp hntZzjcmjv{Sobw k½m\n¡p¶Xv. P\m[n]Xyaqey§sfbpw atXXcXzs¯bpw ASnØm\s¸Sp¯nbpÅ Hcp kwhn[m\amWp cmPy¯nsâ `cWLS\minev]nIÄ ap¶n¡WvSXv. Cu BZÀi§fnÂ\n¶pÅ hyXnNe\w henb {]XymLmX§Ä krãn¡pw. Xncp¯en\p kabambn. hntZzj¡¨hSw Ahkm\n¸nt¨ Xocq.


sk]väw_À 30te¡p I®pw\«v

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tUm. amWn ]pXnbnSw

kÀ¡mcnsâ aZy\bs¯¡pdn¨v kp{]owtImSXn \ÂInb ]e \nÀtZi§fpw ap¸Xmw XobXn hscbpÅ tÌbpsams¡ henb NÀ¨mhnjbambncn¡pIbmWnt¸mÄ. kÀ¡mcnsâ \bw shdpw I_fn¸n¡emsW¶pw I]S BZÀiapJt¯ä {]lcamsW¶psams¡ cmjv{Sob {]XntbmKnIfpsS hnebncp¯epIÄ kzm`mhnIw. kÀ¡mcnsâ {]Jym]\¯n\p ]n¶nse Dt±iytam Zpcpt±iytam F´mbmepw C¶p tIcfkaql¯nse \qdpIW¡n\p ]mh§fpsS I®p\ocpw \nehnfnbpw apIfnepÅhsâ ]¡se¯nbXnsâ ^eamWo {]Jym]\sa¶p hnizkn¡p¶hÀ [mcmfapWvSv.

hmkvXh¯n kÀ¡mcnsâ \b¯ns\Xncmbn kp{]owtImSXn CSs]«nt«bnÃ. CSs]Sm³ ]äpIbpanÃ. Htc ]´nbn ]e hnf¼v F¶ kmam\y\oXn¡p \nc¡m¯, XpeyXbv¡p hnLmXamb \S]Sn{Ia¯n am{Xta tImSXn CSs]«n«pÅq. hn[n h¶ Znhk¯nse Hcp Nm\ NÀ¨bn ]s¦Sp¯t¸mgmWv aZy\b¯ns\XntcbpÅ tImemle¯nsâ ame¸S¡w ZÀin¨Xv.

_mÀ tlm«epIÄ h³XpI apS¡n henb em`w sIm¿m³ X«n¡q«nbsXms¡ XÃn¯IÀ¯ aZy\b¯ns\Xntc AhÀ {]t£m`apWvSm¡p¶Xp a\knem¡mw. AXn\nSbnepw hÀKobhnjw Noäp¶ Nne kapZmbt\Xm¡fpsS kao]\w Iãambnt¸mbn. `cWw Xncpta\namsc G¸n¡p¶XmWp \ÃsX¶pw aäpapÅ ]cnlmk{]IS\w tIcfkaqlw {i²n¨pImWpw. C{Xam{Xw tImemleapWvSm¡m³ am{XapÅ Imcyw kp{]owtImSXn hn[nbnepsWvS¶v tXm¶p¶nÃ. \b]camb Hcp Xocpam\w \S¸m¡pt¼mÄ Htc hn`mK¯nÂs¸«hÀ¡p Xpey\oXnbpWvSmhWsa¶ \nco£Ww am{Xta tImSXn \ÂInbn«pÅq. AXp ]cnlcn¡m\pÅ kabw sk]väw_À 30 hsc \ÂInbncn¡p¶p.

aZy\b¯n\p tIcfkaqlw Häs¡«mbn ]n´pW \ÂIp¶psh¶XmWp kXyw. k`IÄ¡v C¡mcy¯n Htc \ne]mSp Xs¶bmWv. AXv Btcbpw t{Zmln¡m\paÃ. aZywaqew kÀh\miw kw`hn¨psImWvSncn¡p¶Xns\ t\cnSm\pÅ kao]\amWXv. Nm\ NÀ¨ \S¶psImWvSncp¶t¸mÄ aZy]n¨p e¡psI«v a\pjyt¡mewt]mepw \ãs¸« IptdbmfpIÄ kp{]owtImSXn hn[n BtLmjn¨p ]S¡w s]m«n¡p¶ Zriy§Ä {]kvXpX Nm\ ImWn¡pIbpWvSmbn. tIcfkaqls¯ apgph³ C{]Imcw t_m[clnXcm¡nbm \mSnsâ hfÀ¨ FhnsSt¸mbn\n¡pw? aZy\ntcm[\aÃ, aZyhÀP\amWv thWvSsX¶ \ne]mSn cmjv{Sob¡mÀ kÀ¡mcns\ iàambn FXnÀ¡p¶Xp IWvSp. F{XImeambn Cu aZyhÀP\ {]Øm\hpambn \S¡m³ XpS§nbn«v? ]¯pt]cpsS IpSn \nÀ¯n¡pt¼mÄ \qdpt]À IpSn XpS§p¶XmbmW\p`hw. A[nImcapÅ kÀ¡mÀ \S]SnsbSp¡pIbpw A¡q«¯n aZyhÀP\ t_m[hXvIcWw \S¯pIbpamWv thWvSXv. "aZyw BtcmKy¯n\v lm\nIcw' F¶v shWvSbv¡ apgp¸n FgpXn hbv¡m¯ aZy¡p¸nIfnÃtÃm. F¶ns«´p {]tbmP\apWvSmbn?

aZy\ntcm[\w \S¸m¡nbnSs¯ms¡ ]cmPbambncp¶p F¶ ]Ãhnbpw tI«p. Atacn¡ 1919 aZy\ntcm[\w \S¸m¡n, 1933 \ntcm[\w FSp¯pIfbpIbpw sNbvXp. ]n¶oSv hocyw Ipdª aZyw A\phZn¨p. F¶n«nt¸mÄ FhnsS \n¡p¶p Atacn¡? Atacn¡bpsS km¼¯nI {]XnkÔnbn {][m\ tlXp aZyw Xs¶bmbncp¶p. C¶pw Ip«nIfnepw Iuamc{]mb¡mcnepw hÀ[n¨phcp¶ IpäIrXy§fpw DdhnS§fpw asäm¶Ã.

IpäIrXy{]hWXbv¡p ]n¶nepw Atacn¡bn aZywXs¶ {][m\ hnó. FÃmhn[ B[p\nI kuIcy§fpapWvSmbn«pw am\knItcmK§fpsS ]nSnbnemWv Atacn¡¡mÀ. XeXncnª ssewKnImkànbpsSbpw IpSpw_¯IÀ¨bpsSbpw Imcyw ]dtbWvSXpanÃ. t£acmjv{Ssa¶ \nebn Atacn¡bn Chsbms¡ t\cnSp¶Xn\v icnbmb kwhn[m\apWvSv. hnIkzc cmjv{Samb \ap¡v Cu hI {]iv\§sf t\cnSm³ am{Xw kÀ¡mcpIÄ¡v sI¸ptWvSm?

Sqdnkw hfÀ¨bv¡p aZyw BhiyamsW¶XmWv asämcp hmZw. Cu hmZn¡p¶hcn F{Xt]cpWvSv aZy]n¡m¯hcmbn? hntZinIÄ ssZh¯nsâ kz´w \m«nse¯p¶Xv IpSn¨v D·¯cmhm\Ã. AhÀ hcp¶Xv \½psS cmPy¯nsâ Akm[mcW kuµcyw BkzZn¡m\mWv.

ISepw Imbepw h\§fpw \ocpdhIfpw XSmI§fpw Ip¶pIfpw Xmgvhmc§fpw ]¨¸pÅ Ip«\mSpw KncnirwK§fpaS§nb {]IrXn`wKnbmWhcpsS t\m«w. aZy]n¨p e¡psI«v hntZih\nXsb IS¶m{Ian¡p¶ arKobXbmWv hntZinIsf \½nÂ\n¶Iäp¶Xv.

\½psS {]IrXncaWobamb ssltd©pIfpw Ing¡³ sh\okmb Be¸pgbpsams¡ kµÀiIÀ¡v BIÀjIam¡nbncps¶¦n F{X\¶mbncp¶p. kznävkÀe³Unse {Sn{Snkv aebnSp¡pIIfnse tdm¸vthIfpw AhntSs¡mgpIp¶ hntZinIfpsS F®hpsams¡ ChnSs¯ t\Xm¡Ä H¶p t]mbn ImWp¶Xp \ÃXmWv. A§s\ At\Iw Sqdnkväp tI{µ§Ä! AhnsSsbms¡ IpSn¨p·¯cmhp¶hsc ImWm\nÃ.

\nIpXnhcpam\w am{XamtWm cmPys¯ hfÀ¯p¶Xv? F¦n Xmbve³sUms¡ kq¸À ]hÀ BthWvSXtÃ? [mÀanIXbpw Bßob aqey§fpamWv cmPys¯ ]uc·msc IÀtamÕpIcm¡p¶Xv. aZyhpw aZncm£nbpw \in¸n¡pItbbpÅq. aZy\ntcm[\w ^eh¯mbn \S¸m¡nbm ]uc·mcpsS AImeNca§fpw BßlXyIfpw hfsc Ipdbpsa¶Xn\p kwibw thWvS. tIcf¯nse BßlXy tZiob icmicnbpsS aq¶nc«nbmsW¶ kXyw HmÀan¡Ww. elcnIqSmsX {Iqcamb ]mXI§Ä Act§dptam?

aZyw AhiyhkvXphÃ. AXnsâ hym]mchpw auenImhImi¯nÂs¸Sp¶nÃ. AXpsImWvSp Xs¶ aZy\ntcm[\¯n\p kÀ¡mcn\p \ymboIcWapWvSv.

kaqlyXn·IfnÂ\n¶p ]uc·msc c£n¡m³ GsXmcp kÀ¡mcn\pw NpaXebntÃ? Poh\pw kz¯n\pw kwc£Ww \ÂIpIsb¶Xtà kÀ¡mcnsâ {][m\ ZuXyw. ]ucsâ BtcmKy kwc£Ww kÀ¡mcnsâ {][m\ NpaXebmWv. A´mcmjv{S DS¼SnIÄ Xs¶ CXv FSp¯pImWn¡p¶pWvSv. A´mcmjv{S a\pjymhImi DS¼SnbpsS 25þmw hIp¸pw \½psS `cWLS\bpsS 47þmw hIp¸psams¡ t\Xm¡Ä ]cntim[n¡p¶Xp \ÃXmWv. Iptd A_vImcnIÄ¡v km¼¯nI\ãapWvSmIp¶Xpw Iptdt¸À¡p tPmen \ãs¸Sp¶Xpsam¶pw kÀ¡mcnsâ Cu auenI ZuXy\nÀhlW¯nÂ\n¶p ]n´ncn¸n¡m³ X¡ ImcW§fÃ. IpSn¨p t_m[aäphogp¶hsâ XIcp¶ aSnioebnÂ\n¶p hogp¶Xp thWtam Hcph\p henb thX\ambn amdm³? ]©\£{X aZyimeIfpw _nhtdPv Hu«vseäpIfpw \ntcm[nt¡WvSXmWv. F´mbmepw DNnXamb \S]Snbnte¡v sk]väw_À 30\p ap¼v kÀ¡mÀ \o§psa¶p IcpXs«!


kp[ocsâ bm{X FhnsS F¯pw?

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A\´]pcn /ZznP³

kp[oc³ Hcp tIcfbm{X Bcw`n¡p¶p. 1980 KXmKXa{´nØm\taä tem\¸³ \¼mS³ AXphscbpÅ Xsâ Øncw bm{Xmkwhn[m\amb {Sm³kvt]mÀ«v _kn XriqÀ¡p t]mIm³ \nÝbn¨t¸mÄ IuXpIw ]qWvS ]{X¡mÀ _kv bm{X¡mcpsS t¢i§Ä ]Tn¡m³ a{´n {Sm³kvt]mÀ«v _kn bm{X sN¿p¶p F¶ a«n FgpXn At±ls¯ \män¨ kw`hapWvSv. AXpt]mse kp[ocsâ bm{Xbv¡p t\tcbpw hymJym\§Ä hcmw. aZyhn]¯ns\Xntc kwkmcn¨p ssIbSn t\Snbncp¶ ]{X¡mscÃmw Ct¸mÄ _mdpImcpsS Zb\ob ØnXnsb¡pdn¨mWv Gsd hmNmeÀ. sk]väw_À 30 hsc _mÀ ]qt«WvS F¶ kp{]owtImSXn \nÀtZi¯n AhÀ¡v F{X kt´mjw! \hw_À \men\v ImkÀtKm«p\n¶p Xncn¨v Unkw_À cWvSn\v Xncph\´]pc¯v F¯pt¼mtg¡pw kp[oc\mhptam tIm¬{Kkn\mIptam kÀ¡mcn\mhptam IqSpX ]cn¡v F¶mWv ]ecpw `bs¸Sp¶Xv.

C¡gnª temIvk`m sXcsªSp¸n\p apt¶mSnbmbn A¶s¯ sI]nknkn A[y£³ ctaiv \S¯nb bm{X XeØm\s¯¯nbt¸mtg¡pw ctainsâ A[y£]Zhn sXdn¡pw F¶mbn \ne. a{´nk`bn am\yamb ]Zhnbpw Dd¸mbnÃ. bm{X \S¯n s]cphgnbn BbXpt]membncp¶p A¶p ctaiv. ]©mb¯p sXcsªSp¸p a\kn IWvSmhpw kp[ocsâ bm{X. aZy\ntcm[\¯n\mbn kÀ¡mÀ FSp¯ Xocpam\¯nsâ JymXn ]nSn¡m\pw Dt±iyapWvSmhpw. AXpsImWvSv tIm¬{KkpImÀ kzoIcWw sImSp¡m³ Iq«m¡msX h¶mepw aZyhncp²¡mÀ kp[ocs\ ssIhnSm³ CSbnÃ. FÃmw AdnªpsImWvSv At±lw Bcw`n¡p¶ bm{X At±lw Dt±in¡p¶nS¯pXs¶ F¯n¡pw. AXn\nSbn AXn\p thWvS FÃm \S]Snbpw kp[oc³ ssIs¡mÅpw. AXmWv ap³Ime A\p`hw. Ie¡m³ t\m¡p¶hÀ ]pd¯mIm³ hsc CSbpWvSv.

_mdpIÄ AS¨v aZy\ntcm[\¯n\p henb XpS¡w Ipdn¡m³ P\m[n]Xyap¶Wn kÀ¡mÀ FSp¯ Xocpam\¯nsâ s{IUnäv \jvSs¸Sp¯p¶ \nebnemWv Ct¸mÄ ap¶Wn. CXp thWvSnbncp¶nà F¶ \ne]mSv ]ecpw Ct¸mÄ ]dbp¶p. FIvsskkv a{´n _m_phn\v _mdpImtcmSpÅ kvt\lw Hmtcm Znhkhpw hÀ[n¨p hcp¶p. hntZiaZy_mdpIÄ ASbv¡p¶Xns\m¸w ssh³þ_nbÀ ]mÀedpIÄ Xpd¡m³ DZmcambn A\paXn \ÂImsa¶ ]£¡mc\mWv _m_p. tlm«epIfn aZyw hm§n¨p sImWvSpt]mbn IpSn¡p¶Xpw Ipg¸ansöp _m_p hniZoIcn¨n«pWvSv. ]pXnb ssh³ ]mÀeÀ thsWvS¶mWv P\m[n]Xyap¶WnbpsS Xocpam\w F¶v sI]nknkn A[y£³ Xncn¨Sn¡p¶p. apJya{´n X\n¡p X¶ tcJbn A§s\ Csöv _m_p. Ahkm\w GtIm]\kanXn tNÀ¶t¸mÄ ]mÀedpIÄ kw_Ôn¨v Xocpam\w Bbnsöp I¬ho\À. ]mÀ«n `mchmlnIfpsS tbmKw kp[oc³ hnfn¨t¸mgpw IWvSp `n¶X. ]mÀesaâdn ]mÀ«n `mchmlnIsf kp[oc³ tbmK¯n\p hnfn¨nÃ. AXn {]Xntj[n¨msW¶p ]dbp¶p apJya{´n tbmKØes¯¯n {]knUâns\ IWvStijw tbmK¯n ]s¦Sp¡msX aS§n. A¯cw Xocpam\§Ä¡p aSn¡m¯ BfmWv D½³ NmWvSn. ]WvSv IcpWmIc³ hbemÀ chnbnÂ\n¶pw B`y´cw amänbXn\p ap¶Wn I¬ho\À Øm\w cmPnh¨XS¡w F{Xtbm \S]SnIÄ. kp[oc\pw tamiaÃ. IcpWmIcs\Xntc h¶ Ahnizmk{]tabs¯ FXnÀ¯v thm«psN¿m³ At±lw Iq«m¡mXncp¶ kw`hhpw DWvSv.

F¶n«pw `mchmlnIfpsS tbmK¯n kp[ocs\Xntc \à hnaÀi\apbÀ¶p. Imcy§Ä `wKnbmbn ]dbm³ Adnbp¶hsc¶v CXn\Iw hyàam¡nbn«pÅ ]n.kn. hnjvWp\mYpw tPmk^v hmgbv¡\pw cWvSp {Kq¸pIsf {]Xn\n[oIcn¨p kwkmcn¨p. hfsc \à `mjbn kp[ocsâ t]m¡v icnbsöv AhÀ ]dªp. ]ntä¶p IS¯n¯s¶ kwkmcapWvSmbn. kp[ocs\Xnsc ]cmXn ]dbm³ UÂln¡p t]mb apJya{´n¡pw _m_phn\pw Ahkcw sImSp¡m¯ tkmWnbm KmÔns¡Xntc Xncnªv D½³ NmWvSnbpsS a\xkm£n kq£n¸pImc\mb s_¶n. tZiob t\XrXzw ]cmPbamsW¶v At±lw hywKyambn ]dªp h¨p. kp[oc\pw Hcp¡nbncp¶p BÄ¡msc. tPm¬k¬ G{_lmw tkmWnbbv¡p thWvSn hmZn¨p. koXmdmw tIkcnbpsS Ime¯v C´ybnse cWvSp kwØm\¯p am{Xw `cW¯nepWvSmbncp¶ tIm¬{Kkv 20 kwØm\¯v A[nImc¯n h¶Xv tkmWnbbpsS Ime¯msW¶v tPm¬k¬]dªp. Fw.Fw. tP¡_v kmdpw tI{µ t\XrXz¯ns\Xntc Nodn F¶mWp hmÀ¯. cmPyk`bnse¯n ssl¡am³Uv ImcWw AhnsS sU]yq«n sNbÀam\pw a{´nbpw ]ns¶ KhÀWdpamb tP¡_v FÃmw taSns¨Sp¯tijw ]dbp¶Xns\ kp[oc³ adbnÃmsX Ipäs¸Sp¯n F¶pw dnt¸mÀ«pWvSv.

]WvSv IcpWmIc\p tI{µ¯n \n¶pw AhKW\ In«nb Ime¯p apcfo[c³ tI{µt\XrXz¯ns\Xnsc s_¶nsbt¸mse kwkmcn¨ncp¶p. amZm½, Aepan\nbw ]t«Â XpS§nb {]tbmK§Ä A¶v apcfn DWvSm¡nbXmWv. Ahkm\w ssl¡am³Unsâ Imep ]nSn¨v AI¯p IbtdWvSn h¶p. ssl¡mam³UnÃmsX, AXpw s\lvdpIpSpw_w CÃmsX tIcf¯n tIm¬{Kkn\v \ne\n¸nÃ. ]nW§nt¸mb IcpWmIc\v DWvSmb KXn sXm«p ap¼nepWvStÃm..

***** ***** *****

a{´nbpw {][m\a{´nbpw Hs¡bmIm³ {]mb]cn[n GÀs¸Sp¯p¶Xv icnbmtWm?

cmjv{Sob {]hÀ¯\¯n\pw s]mXp{]hÀ¯\¯n\pw s]mXp{]hÀ¯IÀ¡pw C§s\ Hcp ]cnanXn DWvSmt¡WvSXptWvSm? _nsP]nbnepw kn]nF½nepw C¯cw Hcp Xocpam\w DWvSmbtXmsS \mSv IuXpIt¯msS Nn´n¨p XpS§nb hnjbambn«pWvSv {]mbw. almßmKmÔnbpsS Ime¯v C¯cw Hcp \n_Ô\ DWvSmbncps¶¦n kzmX{´ykactk\m\nIfn ]eÀ¡pw AXn ]s¦Sp¡m³ km[n¡pambncpt¶m? 1931  P\n¨ C´ybpsS ap³ cmjv{S]Xn tUm. F.]n.sP. A_vZpÄ Iemw Ct¸mgpw \mSns\ BsI DWÀ¯p¶ ]pWykm¶n[yatÃ? ]cn[nsb FXnÀ¡p¶hÀ km`nam\w tNmZn¡p¶Xv CsXms¡bmWv.

Atacn¡³ {]knUâpamcpsS icmicn {]mbw 57.2 hbkpw Cw¥WvSnse {][m\a{´namcpsS icmicn {]mbw 58.18 hbkpamsW¶Xv icn. C´ybnse {][m\a{´namcpsSbpw icmicn {]mbhpw Gsd DbÀ¶Xà 65.2.

`mcX¯nsâ BZy {][m\a{´n tIm¬{Kknsâ PhlÀem s\lvdp B ]Zhnbn F¯nbXv 58þmw hbknemWv. imkv{Xn 60epw Cµnc 49epw cmPohv 40epw {][m\a{´namcmbhcmWv. tIm¬{Kkv {][m\a{´namcn \cknwldmhphmbncp¶p Gähpw hr²³. At±lw 70þmw hbknemWv B ]Zhnbnse¯nbXv. F¶mÂ, a³taml³ knwKv F¯nbt¸mÄ 72 hbkmbn.

Atacn¡bn sI¶Un 40þmw hbknepw H_ma 47þmw hbknepw {]knUâmbn F¶Xv kXyw. Cw¥WvSn tSmWn s»bÀ {][m\a{´nbmbXv 43 emWv. AsXms¡ AhcpsS Ignhpw kmlNcyhpw tNÀ¶pWvSmb t\«amWv. BZys¯ tIm¬{KknXc {][m\a{´n samdmÀPn tZimbn kXy{]XnPvR sN¿pt¼mÄ {]mbw 81. Nu[cn Nc¬knwKpw sF.sI. KpPvdmfpw 78 emWv {][m\a{´n BbXv. N{µtiJdpw tZhKuUbpw 63epw hn.]n. knwKv 58 epw {][m\a{´nbmbn. Ct¸mÄ tamZn 63epw. AXmbXv \nbahyhØ H¶pansænepw C´ybn A[nIw ]Sphr²·mÀ `cW¯nse¯nbn«nÃ.

F¶mÂ, \mSp`cn¡p¶ `mcXob P\Xm]mÀ«n 1927 P\n¨ emÂIrjvW AUzm\nsbbpw 1934 P\n¨ apcfn at\mlÀ tPmjnsbbpw AS¡w 75 Ignª t\Xm¡sf FÃmw AXyp¶Xcm¡n amän \nÀ¯ns¡mWvSv 1950 P\n¨ t\tc{µ tamZnbpsS t\XrXz¯n 1949  P\n¨ sh¦¿ \mbnUphpw 1951  P\n¨ cmPv\mYv knwKpw 1952 P\n¨ kpja kzcmPpw FÃmw tNÀ¶ a{´nk` DWvSm¡ns¡mWvSv DWÀ¯nb XcwKw aäp ]mÀ«nIÄ¡pw IWvSnsöv \Sn¡m\mhmsX hcnIbmtWm F¶v kn]nF½nsâ Xocpam\w ktµlw DWÀ¯p¶p. AhÀ 80 IgnªhÀ¡mWv hne¡v GÀs¸Sp¯p¶Xv. C¡mcy¯n ]t£ 1923 P\n¨ hn.Fkv. ANypXm\µ\v HgnhpsImSp¯n«pWvSv. AXpsImWvSv Ct¸mgs¯ t\Xm¡fn BÀ¡pw Cu Xocpam\w sImWvSv DSs\ ]cn¡pWvSmhnÃ.

aq¶ph«w tZiob sk{I«dnbmbncp¶v ]mÀ«nsb Cu ]cph¯nse¯n¨ {]Imiv Imcm«v 1947 BWv P\n¨Xv. AXmbXv {]mbw 67 hbkv. \meph«w tIcf¯nse ]mÀ«n¡p t\XrXzw sImSp¯ ]nWdmbn hnPb³ 1944emWv P\n¨Xv. 1938 P\n¨ t]mfnäv _yqtdm AwKw Fkv. cmaN{µ³ ]nÅbmhpw Aev]sa¦nepw t]Snt¡WvSh³. At±l¯n\pw 80 BIp¶Xn\v ap¼v Hcp h«w tZiob sk{I«dn BImhp¶XmWv. F¶mÂ, 1952 P\n¨ koXmdmw sb¨qcn F§m\pw tZiob sk{I«dn Bbm FkvBÀ]n¡v 80 se¯p¶Xn\p ap¼v B ]Zhnbnse¯m\mInÃ. km£m tPymXn_mkp 94 hbkphsc ]mÀ«n t]mfnäv _yqtdmbn DWvSmbncp¶p. At±l¯nsâ ]n³Kmanbmbn h¶ _p²tZhv 69 Imc\mWv. t]mfnäv _yqtdmbn ]s¦Sp¡m³ t]mepw Iq«m¡msX \n¶ At±ls¯ Hcp hn[¯nemWv ]mÀ«n Xncn¨p sImWvSph¶Xv. `mcX¯nse BZys¯ IayqWnÌv apJya{´n C.Fw.kv. P\n¨Xv 1909emWv. AXmbXv 1957 BZyw apJya{´nbmIpt¼mÄ {]mbw 48 hbkv. 1969 apJya{´nØm\w cmPnh¨ C.Fw.Fkv. 1980 ]mÀ«n tIcf¯n A[nImc¯n Xncns¨¯p¶Xn\v henb ]¦p hlns¨¦nepw apJya{´n ]Z¯n\v ]nSn¨nÃ. 1904 P\n¨ FsIPn 1977 acn¡p¶ Imew hsc t]mfnäv _yqtdmbnepw ]mÀesa³dnepw DWvSmbncp¶p. 1918  P\n¨ \mb\mÀ acWwhsc ]mÀ«nbn kPohambncp¶p. 1996 IfnbneqsSbmWv apJya{´n ]Zhn X«nsbSp¯Xpw. 1916 P\n¨ kpÀPnXv 2008 acn¡pw hsc ]mÀ«nbpsS t]mfnäv _yqtdmbn DWvSmbncp¶p. Cu A\p`h§sfÃmw DÅXpsImWvSmWv kn]nFw 80 hbkv {]mb]cn[n B¡p¶Xv.

bpht\Xm¡Ä tZiob t\XrXz¯nte¡v Gsd IS¶phcm¯ ]mÀ«nbmWv CSXp]£w. AhnSs¯ an¡hmdpw t\Xm¡·mÀ hr²cmWv. t\Xm¡Äs¡Xntc ]dbm³ A\phmZw CÃm¯ kwhn[m\amWtÃm AhcptSXv. kn]nsFbpsS kp[mIÀ sdUvVn 1942 P\n¨ t\XmhmWv. AXnepw aq¸\mWv BÀFkv]nbpsS {]^. Sn.sP. N{µNqV³. N{µNqVsâ t\Xmhmb t__n tPmWnsâ aI\pw Ct¸mÄ tIcf¯nse a{´nbpamb jn_p ]t£ hfsc sNdp¸amWv; 1963 P\n¨p.

`mcXob P\Xm ]mÀ«nbpsS \S]SnbnÂ\n¶pw Bthiw sImWvSv tIm¬{Kknse P\mÀZ\ ZznthZn 70 IgnªhÀ¡p tIm¬{Kkn ]Zhn sImSp¡cpsX¶v \nÀtZin¨p. ]eh«w a{´nbpw F´n\v KhÀWÀ ]Zhn hsc In«nb 80 IgnªhÀ t]mepw ]mÀ«n ]dbp¶ ZuXyw C\nbpw GsäSp¡msa¶v hmKvZm\w sNbvXp apt¶m«p hcp¶Ime¯mWv ZznthZnbpsS Cu \nÀtZiw.

tIm¬{Kknsâ IncoSw hbv¡m¯ cmÚnbmb tkmWnb KmÔn¡v Ct¸mÄ 68 hbkpWvSv. 1946 P\\w. cWvSma\mbn IcpXs¸«ncp¶ F.sI. BâWn P\n¨Xv 1940emWv. AXmbXv 74 Imc\mWv At±lw F¶v. aäp {]apJcmb inhcmPv ]m«o 1935epw hbemÀ chn 1937epw kpio IpamÀ jn³sU 1941epw Pbv]m sdUvVn 1942epw ]n. NnZw_cw 1945epw IaÂ\mYv 1946epw P\n¨hcmWv. cmlp KmÔn 1970 epw {]nb¦ KmÔn 1972epw P\n¨hcmWv. am[hv dmhp knÔybpsS aI³ tPmXncmXnZy knÔy 1971 emWv P\n¨Xv.tIcf¯nse D½³ NmWvSn 1943 P\n¨p. kp[oc³ 1948epw BcymS³ 1935epw ctaiv sN¶n¯e 1956epw P\n¨p.

{]mtZinI I£nIfpsS ØnXn FSp¯mepw apXnÀ¶ t\Xm¡fmWv \S¯n¸pImÀ. Ct¸mgpÅ apXnÀ¶ t\Xmhn\v ]Ic¡mc\nà F¶XmWv ]ebnSs¯bpw ØnXn. AhÀ ]Ic¡mc\mbn {]XnjvTn¡p¶ aIt\m aIÄt¡m P\s¯ BIÀjn¡m\pw km[n¡p¶nÃ. D¯À{]tZinse apembw knwKv bmZhv 1939 P\n¨p. aI³ AJntejmWv Ct¸mÄ D¯À{]tZin apJya{´n. F¶mÂ, 75 Imc\mb apembw DWvSm¡nb CtasPm¶pw AJntejn\nÃ. D¯À{]tZinse _lpP³ kamPv ]mÀ«nbpsS t\Xmhv ambmhXn XmcXtay\ sNdp¸amWv. 1956emWv AhÀ P\n¨Xv.

_nlmdnse emep{]kmZv bmZhv 1947 P\n¨p. `mcybpw aIfpw Hs¡ ]n¶mse A[nImc¯nte¡p hs¶¦nepw henb CtaPpWvSm¡m\mbnÃ. _nlmdnse dmwhnemkv ]mkzm³ 1946 P\n¨p. Xangv\m«nse UnFwsIbpsS IcpWm\n[n 90 IfnemWv. At±l¯nsâ bphm¡fmb a¡Ä X½nepÅ Ielw ImcWw ]mÀ«n CÃmXmbn. F. cmPsbt¸mse At±lw hfÀ¯ns¡mWvSp h¶hÀ ]mÀ«n¡p ]Ww DWvSm¡nsb¦nepw ]mÀ«n¡p _m[yXbmbn. PbefnX 1948 emWv P\n¨Xv. A½ ]dbp¶Xp am{Xw sN¿p¶ AhcpsS ]mÀ«nbn ]t£ A½ \nÀ¯p¶ [mcmfw bphm¡Ä Pbn¡p¶pWvSv. F¶mÂ, A½bv¡p ]Icw Bcv F¶ tNmZy¯n\v D¯canÃ. IÀWmSIbnse tZhKuUbpsS {]mbw 84 hbkmWv. Hcp aI³ IÀWmSIbn apJya{´nbpw A]c³ a{´nbpw Bbn«pWvSv. _wKmfn kn]nF½ns\ ap«pIp¯n¨ aaX _m\ÀPn 1955 P\n¨p. Hdnkbnse \ho³ ]Sv\mbn¡v 1946 P\n¨p. Imjvaodnse HaÀ A_vZpÅ 1970 P\n¨ bphmhmWv. tIcf¯nse tIcf tIm¬{Kkv t\Xmhv sI.Fw. amWn 1933 emWv P\n¨Xv. ]p{X³ tPmkv sI. amWn 1965epw BÀ. _meIrjvW]nÅ 1935epw ]p{X\pw cWvSph«w tIcf¯n a{´nbpambncp¶ KtWjvIpamÀ 1966epamWv P\n¨Xv.

]gbIme t\Xm¡Ä¡p {]mbw IS¡p¶p F¶Xp kXyw. F¶mÂ, AhcpsS ]n³KmanIfmbn F¯p¶ ]pXnb Xeapdbnse a¡Ät\Xm¡Ä ]ecpw AhcpsS amXm]nXm¡sft¸mse P\{]nbcmhp¶nà F¶XmWv A\p`hw.






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