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Hm¸tdj³ tIcf¯nÂ, thZ\ tI{µ¯nÂ

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UÂlnUbdn / tPmÀPv IÅnhbenÂ

tIcf¯nset¸mse Xs¶ tZiob cmjv{Sob¯n\pw Dd¡anÃm¯ Zn\cm{X§fmWv C\n ap¶nÂ. ]mÀesaânsâ _Päv kt½f\w 23\v Bcw`n¡pw. tIcfw, Xangv\mSv, ]pXpt¨cn, ]Ýna _wKmÄ, Bkmw \nbak`Ifnte¡pÅ sXcsªSp¸n\pw Ifsamcp§pIbmWv. G{]n 15\p tijw F¶p thWsa¦nepw sXcsªSp¸p \S¡psa¶mWp tI{µ CeIvj³ I½ojsâ kqN\. amÀ¨v 17 apX G{]n 24 hsc ]mÀesaâv _Päv kt½f\¯nsâ CSthfbnemIpw \nbak`m sXcsªSp¸pIÄ \S¡pIsb¶p thWw IcpXm³. G{]n 25 apX tabv 13 hscbpÅ ]mÀesaâv kt½f\¯nsâ cWvSmw L«¯n A©p kwØm\§fnse P\hn[n hcpsa¶Xn\m Ifw IqSpX NqSmIpw.

IpSpw_¯n Ibdn tamZn,s]mdpXnap«nsb¶p cmlpÂ

]mÀesaâv kt½f\w XSks¸Sp¯p¶Xnsâ D¯chmZnXzw Hcp IpSpw_¯nsâ sshcmKyw XoÀ¡emsW¶mWp {][m\a{´n \tc{µ tamZn C¶se Bkmanse Zn{_pKUnepÅ tamd\n Btcm]n¨Xv. Ignª temIvk`m sXcsªSp¸nse tXmÂhn¡pÅ {]XnImcamWp tIm¬{KkntâsX¶mWp tamZnbpsS `mjyw. Nne {]Xn]£ I£nIÄ Xs¶ FXnÀ¡pt¼mÄ Xs¶ ]mÀesaâv \S¡Wsa¶ ]£¡mcmWv. F¶mÂ, cmPyk` \S¯cpsX¶ hminbnemWv Hcp IpSpw_w. tkmWnbm KmÔnbpsSbpw cmlpensâbpw t]cp t\cn«p ]dbmsX Xs¶ _Päv kt½f\¯n\pw \nbak`m sXcsªSp¸n\papÅ bp²¯n\p tamZn XpS¡an«ncn¡pIbmWv.

\m\qdn \n¶p \mÂ]Xnse¯nbhÀ tamZnsb tPmen sN¿m³ A\phZn¡nsöp Xocpam\n¨ncn¡pIbmsW¶pw tXmÂhn kln¡m\mImsX h¶ Hcp IpSpw_w ]It]m¡p¶Xp aqew kp{][m\ _nÃpIÄ t]mepw ]mkm¡m\mIp¶nsöpw tamZn ]cmXns¸«p.

an\näpIÄ¡Iw cmlp KmÔn tamZns¡Xntc UÂlnbn Xncn¨Sn¨p. Hmtcm HgnhpIgnhp ]dªpw hmNIaSn¨pw \S¡msX cmPyw `cn¡pIbmWp tamZn sNt¿WvSsX¶mWp cmlp ]cnlkn¨Xv. IÀjIcpw sXmgnemfnIfpw sNdpInS I¨hS¡mcpw tamZnbpsS ‘`cW¯n IcbpIbmWv. F´nt\sd, tamZnbpsS aqt¶m, \mtem h³InS kplr¯p¡sfmgnsI, hyhkmbnIÄ t]mepw Icbm³ XpS§nsb¶pw At±lw ]dªp. FsFknkn BØm\¯v C¶se \S¶ ]nknkn A[y£·mcpsS tbmK¯n\nsSbmWp tamZns¡Xntc cmlpensâ Xncn¨Sn.

sXcsªSp¸p Ime¯p hmcnt¡mcn \ÂInb hmKvZm\§Ä \ndthäm\mImsXbmWp tamZn A\mhiy HgnhpIgnhpIÄ ]dbp¶sX¶mWp cmlp ]dbp¶Xv. IŸWw apX IÀjI imàoIcWw hsc ]dªsXm¶pw ]men¡msX H¶chÀjambn tamZn hntZi¯pIqsS ap§n\S¡pIbmWv. sXmSp\ymb§Ä ]dªp\S¡msX cmjv{Ss¯ \bn¡pIbmWp {][m\a{´nbpsS tPmensb¶pw cmlp ]cnlkn¨p.



\nbak`Ifn I®psh¨v

tamZnbpw cmlpepw hmIvt]mcp XpS§nbXp Xs¶ \nbak`m sXcsªSp¸n\pÅ Ifw NqSm¡emsW¶p hyàw. Bkman 2011þse sXcsªSp¸n 126 AwK \nbak`bn tIm¬{Kkv 78 koän Pbn¨t¸mÄ _nsP]n¡p shdpw A©p koämWp In«nbXv. F¶m Ignª temIvk`m sXcsªSp¸n ]Xn¶men Gsg®w Ioibnem¡nb tamZn¡p C¯hW tamlw IqSnbXp kzm`mhnIw. 2001 apX XpSÀ¨bmb aq¶p XhWbmbn 15 hÀjambn `cn¡p¶ tIm¬{Kkn\pw apJya{´n Xcp¬ tKmtKmbn¡pw C¯hW ImenSdnbm AXnibn¡m\panÃ.

UÂlnbn ap¼p aq¶p XhWbmbn 15 hÀjw `cn¨ joem Zo£nXnsâ t\XrXz¯nepÅ tIm¬{Kkv kÀ¡mcn\p kw`hn¨Xv Bkmanepw kw`hn¡msX Xcansöp tamZn IW¡pIq«p¶p. UÂlnbn tIm¬{Kkv hncp² hnImcw apXseSp¡m³ _nsP]nsb _lpZqcw ]n¶nem¡n Achnµv tIPcnhmfpw Bw BZvan ]mÀ«nbpw DWvSmbncp¶p. Bkman `cWhncp² hnImcw BªSn¨m _Z _nsP]nbmIm³ km[yXtbsdbpWvSv. F¶mÂ, ASnb´cmhØbvs¡XntcbpÅ P\tcmjs¯ XpSÀ¶p 1978 P\Xm ]mÀ«nbpw 1985 hnZymÀYnkacs¯ XpSÀ¶v Bkmw KW ]cnj¯pw hnPbn¨sXmgn¨m tIm¬{Kkns\ Bkman Bcpw A«nadn¨n«nÃ. 1952 apX 2016 hsc sNdnb CSthfbnsemgnsI `cW¯nteänb X§sf C¡pdnbpw P\w tXmfnteäpsa¶ {]Xo£bnemWp tIm¬{Kkv.

d_dpw _mdpw Xgªv tkmfmÀ kz]v\¯nÂ

Bkman t]mIp¶Xn\p sXm«pap¼mbn tamZnbpw _nsP]n A[y£³ AanXv jmbpw tIcf¯nse¯nbXpw sXcsªSp¸nsâ ]Ssbmcp¡w Xs¶. F¶mÂ, C¯hW tIcf¯nsâ d_À DÄs¸sSbpÅ ImÀjnI taJebnse {]XnkÔnsb¡pdn¨p {][m\a{´ntbm _nsP]n Xeht\m anWvSpIt]mepw sN¿mXncp¶Xp IÀjIsc t\mhn¨p. tIm«bs¯ thZnbn cmjv{Sob {]kwKw \S¯nbn«pw d_À IÀjIcpsS Gsd¡meambpÅ Bhiy§sf ]msS XgªXp _nsP]nbpsS cmjv{Sob taml§fpsS taemIpw Icn\ng hogv¯pI. F´n\v, tkmfmÀ AgnaXnsb¡pdn¨p hniZambn ]dª AanXv jm, hnhmZamb _mÀ tImgsb¡pdn¨p ]dbmXncp¶Xpw t_m[]qÀhamImt\ XcapÅq.

tIcf¯n FÂUnF^pw bpUnF^pw Ct¸mgpw hnPb{]Xo£ ssIhnSmsX If¯nepWvSv. tIcfbm{XIfpsS ]qc§Ä apX d_À {]XnkÔn¡p ]cnlmcw tXSn tIm«b¯v tPmkv sI. amWn Fw]n \S¯nb Bdp Znhks¯ \ncmlmchpw kn]nF½nsâ tIm«bw PnÃm lÀ¯mepw hsc FÃmw sXcsªSp¸nsâ tafs¡mgp¸p Xs¶. bm{XIfpw kac§fpw F´p t\Sn¯¶psh¶XmIpw tijn¡p¶ tNmZyw. ]nWdmbn hnPb\pw hn.Fw. kp[oc\pw Ip½\w cmPtiJc\pw Im\w cmtP{µ\pw ]n.sI. Ipªmen¡p«nbpw apXepffhscÃmw IqSn tIcf¯nsâ sXcphpIÄ Cf¡nadn¡p¶Xn P\§Ä¡p IqSpX _p²nap«pWvSmbn F¶XmIpw an¨w.

P\s¯ s]cphgnbnem¡n Xe§pw hne§pw bm{XIÄ

P\§sf s]cphgnbnem¡nb bm{XIÄ \bn¨ t\Xm¡Äs¡Ãmw kz]v\§Ä¡pw taml§Ä¡pw AXntaml§Ä¡pw IpdhnÃ. ]nWdmbn hnPbsâ icoc`mj Xs¶ `mhn apJya{´nbmsW¶ a«nemWv. D½³ NmWvSnbpw ctaiv sN¶n¯ebpw hn.Fw. kp[oc\pw X½nepÅ {Kq¸pt]mcnsâ s]mcpfpw apJya{´n¡tkc Xs¶. apJya{´nbmbnsæn {]Xn]£ t\Xmhmbmepw aXnsb¶XmWp FÃmhcpsSbpw Nn´. A©p sImÃw Ignªp hcp¶ sXcsªSp¸n apJya{´n¡tkc Dd¸n¡m\mIpatÃm F¶XmWp {]Xo£. GXphnt[\bpw Itkc kz´am¡m\pÅ X{X¸mSpIÄ \nkmcaÃ.

A[nImcw a¯p]nSn¨m cmjv{Sob¡fnIÄ F{XIWvSp XcwXmgpsa¶Xnsâ _m¡n]{XamIpw tkmfmÀ, _mÀ tIkpIfpsS t]cnepÅ \mWwsI« IfnIÄ. ]Ws¡mbv¯p \ne¨ Hcp aZyhym]mcnsbbpw F´pw amän¸dbm³ aSnbnÃm¯ kz`mhlXy AS¡apÅ »mIvsabnenwKv X{´§Ä ]bäp¶ Hcp kv{Xosbbpw Iq«p]nSn¨p \S¯p¶ sNfnhmcntbdn kXyw Fs´¶Xp IsWvS¯m\à ]ecpsSbpw {iaw. UÂlnbnepw aäpw X\n cmjv{Sob¡mcÃm¯hÀ¡p aebmfnbmsW¶p ]dbm³ t]mepw \mWnt¡WvS \ne.

]¯p koän t]mepw hnPb{]Xo£bnÃm¯ _nsP]n¡mcpw Ipfw Ie¡n ao³ ]nSn¡m³ hehncn¨p cwK¯p kPohamWv. kpc£bpsS t]cp]dªp shÅm¸Ån \tSi\v Hcp Uk\ntesd tI{µ kmbp[ t]meokv AI¼Sn A\phZn¨Xp t]mepÅ \S]SnIÄ _nsP]nsb P\§fpsS ap¶n ]cnlmkycm¡pItbbpÅq. `qcn]£¯nsâ PmXnbpw aXhpw ]dªp thm«p]nSn¡p¶hÀ, sXcsªSp¸v ASp¯t¸mÄ \yq\]£ thm«pIÄ¡mbn Cc¡p¶Xpw \mw ImWpIbmWv. IÀjIcpsS thZ\ ]cnlcn¡m³ Fs´¦nepw Imcyambn sNbvXm PmXnbpw aXhpw t\m¡msX tIcf¯nse IÀjIsc¦nepw tI{µ, kwØm\ kÀ¡mcpIsfbpw AhcpsS cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«nIsfbpw klmbnt¨t\. ]t£, ]Xnhpt]mse IÀjIÀ¡p I®ocpam{Xw an¨w.

KXntISn Bcpw tami¡mcÃ

tIcf¯nepw _wKmfnepw ]ckv]cw t]mcSn¨ncp¶ tIm¬{Kknsâbpw kn]nF½nsâbpw Ct¸mgs¯ KXntISn\p henb hyXymkanÃ. _wKmfn Ccp]mÀ«nIfpw ssItImÀ¡Wsa¶p cWvSp ]mÀ«nIfnsebpw {]_ehn`mKw hmZn¡p¶p. aaX _m\ÀPnbpsS XrWaq tIm¬{Kknsâbpw _nsP]nbpsSbpw apt¶äw XSbm³ _nlmÀ tamU almkJyw kn]nF½n\p XoÀ¯p XÅm\mIp¶nÃ. _wKmfn tIm¬{Kkpambn tNÀ¶m tIcf¯n kn]nF½nsâbpw tIm¬{Kknsâbpw taml¯n\p Xncn¨SnbmIpsa¶p Ccp]mÀ«nIfnsebpw thsdmcp hn`mKw {]_eÀ NqWvSn¡m«p¶p.

]Xn\mdmw XobXn UÂlnbn tNcp¶ kn]nFw t]mfnäv _yqtdmbpw XpSÀ¶p 17, 18 XobXnIfn tNcp¶ tI{µI½nänbpw apJyambpw Xe]pIbv¡p¶ hnjb§fnsem¶p _wKmfnse KXntISmIpw. sImÅm\pw tae, XÅm\pw tae F¶ \ne. FsFknkn BØm\¯p C¶se tNÀ¶ ]nknkn {]knUâpamcpsS tbmK¯nse {][m\ NÀ¨Ifnsem¶pw _wKmfnse kn]nFw _mÔhw Xs¶. tIcf¯nse t\Xm¡fpambn BtemNn¨p am{Xw Xocpam\n¨m aXnsb¶mWp cmlpensâ \ne]mSv.

_wKmfn ssI]nSn¨m tIcf¯n \ndwa§pw

kp[ocsâ bm{XbpsS kam]\¯n\p Xncph\´]pc¯p hcpt¼mÄ kwØm\ t\Xm¡fpambn cmlp \S¯p¶ NÀ¨bn _wKmÄ Imcyhpw apJyamWv. kn]nF½pw tIm¬{Kkpw _wKmfn ssItImÀ¯m tIcf¯nse Im]Syw s]mfnbpatÃmsb¶ Bibpambn _nsP]nbpw Im¯ncn¡pIbmWv. Xangv\m«nepw ]pXpt¨cnbnepw PbefnXsb {]Xntcm[n¡m³ UnFwsIbpambn tNcp¶ Imcy¯nepw tIm¬{Kkpw CSXp]mÀ«nIfpw CtXt]mse {]XnkÔnbnemWv.

tZiobXe¯n Ncn{X¯nse Gähpw Xmgv¶ \nebnemWp tIm¬{Kkpw kn]nF½pw F¶Xpw {it²bamWv. \m\qdv Fw]namcpsS hsc ]n´pWtbmsS tI{µhpw alm`qcn]£w kwØm\§fpw AS¡nhmWncp¶ tIm¬{Kkn\v Ahtijn¡p¶ F«p kwØm\§fnse A[nImcw IqSn ssIhnSptamsb¶ `b¸mSv. tIcf¯nepw Bkmanepw tXmäm tkmWnbm KmÔn¡pw cmlpen\pw apt¶m«pÅ ]mX AXohZpjvIcamIpw. H¶mw bp]nF kÀ¡mcnsâ Ime¯v 64 CSXp]£ Fw]namcpambn a³taml³ knwKv kÀ¡mcns\ DÅwssIbnen«p A½m\amSnbhcmWv kn]nFw. _wKmfnepw tIcf¯nepw {Xn]pcbnepw `cWhpw IqSnbmbt¸mÄ hÃmX§p sRfnªsXms¡ shdpw ]g¦Ybmbn. _wKmfn `cW¯n \n¶v Cd¡nhn« P\w tIcf¯nÂIqSn ssIhn«m kn]nF½nsâ \ne ]cp§enemIpw.

temIvk`m sXcsªSp¸nepw XpSÀ¶p \S¶ \nbak`m sXcsªSp¸pIfnepw h³hnPbw t\Sn s\©phncn¨ tamZn¡pw _nsP]n¡pw Iptd¡meambn £oWImeamWv. UÂlnbnsebpw _nlmdnsebpw I\¯ tXmÂhnbpsS thZ\ amäms\¦nepw _wKmfpw Bkmapw tIcfhpw klmbn¡ptam F¶XmWp tamZnbpsS thhemXn. tIcf¯nepw _wKmfnepw Bkmanepw Xangv\m«nepw \S¡p¶ Hm¸tdj\pIfpsS thZ\ IqSpXepw UÂlnbn tamZn¡pw cmlpen\pw koXmdmw sb¨qcn¡pw BIpw. _nsP]n¡pw tIm¬{Kkn\pw kn]nF½n\pw tZiob, kwØm\ cmjv{Sob¯nse Zqchym]I t]mcm«§Ä¡pÅ amsämenbpw kqNnIbpamIpw ASp¯ GXm\pw BgvNIÄ.

\yqkv ta¡À BIm³ aämcv?

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{]^. amSh\ _meIrjvW]nÅ

tIcf¯n Iptd¡meambn Nm\epIÄ \yqkv ta¡À aÕc§Ä kwLSn¸n¡mdpWvSv. Hmtcm hÀjw Hmtcm Nm\epw Hmtcmcp¯sc \yqkv ta¡dmbn {]Jym]n¡mdpapWvSv. Nne ]{X§fpw A§s\ sN¿p¶p. ]t£ C¡pdn, FÃm Nm\epIfpsSbpw \yqkv ta¡À AhmÀUv, aÕc§sfm¶panÃmsX Xs¶, e`n¡m\pÅ kÀhtbmKyXIfpw kcnXbv¡psWvS¶pÅXn kwibanÃ! kcnXbv¡mhpt¼mÄ "Izo³ Hm^v \yqkv tat¡gvkv' Ft¶m ‘"sse^v \yqkv ta¡À'’ Ft¶m DÅ \nebnse¦nepamIWw {]Jym]\w. shdpw \yqkvta¡dmbmÂ, AXp kcnXsbt¸mepÅ Hcp XmcdmWnsb Xmgv¯ns¡«p¶Xn\p XpeyamIpw!

cWvSmw Øm\t¯¡pÅ aÕc¯n cWvSmfpIfmWp ]«nIbnepÅXv. cWvSnepw _nPp F¶ Zzbm£cw kaw kaw tNÀ¶n«pWvSv. ChcpsS t]cpIfn _m¡nbpÅXp cm[mIrjvW\pw ctai\pamWv. Chcn _nPp cm[mIrjvW\p sImSp¡tWm _nPp ctain\p sImSp¡tWm F¶pÅ Imcy¯n hn[n\nÀWb kanXn AwK§Ä¡v Hsc¯pw ]nSnbpanÃm¯hn[w cWvSpt]cpw H¶ns\m¶v D¨¯nepamWv.

Cu hnfw_c tImfm¼nIÄ ]dbp¶sXÃmw icnbmsWt¶m sXämsWt¶m t\m¡nbn«Ã AhmÀUv \nÀWbw. C¡q«À \nc¯p¶ sXfnhpIÄ tImb¼¯qÀ knUn t]mse A\´hpw APvRmXhpamWv! AsXÃmw Iodnapdn¨p kXyw IsWvS¯ms\m¶pw PqdnbwK§Ä¡p XmXv]cyanÃ.

tIcfcmjv{Sobw C¶p Xncnbp¶Xp Xs¶ Cu \yqkvta¡ÀamcpsS s]m¶n XoÀ¯ \mhn³ Xp¼n \n¶v s]m«nhngp¶ AWphnkvt^mS\§fpsS BLmX¯nemWv. CXnsâ XpSÀNe\i_vZ§Ä¡p ssa¡v ]nSn¡m³ Bthi`cnXcmb cmjv{Sob t\Xm¡fpWvSv. ]WvSp tIcfcmj{Sobw, C.Fw.Fkv \¼qXncn¸mSv F¶ NmWIysâ hm¡pIfn Du¶nbmbncp¶p Ac\qämtWvSmfw Imew Nen¨ncp¶Xv. C¶mIs« Cu \yqkv tat¡gkv ]dªXpt]mse! Asæn AXns\Xnsc F¶mbn amdnbncn¡p¶p.

Cu kcnX Hscms¶m¶c hmÀ¯m t\Xmhmbncn¡p¶p! hmÀ¯IfpsS \nebv¡m¯ t{kmXkv. skIvkpw ss{Iapw ZpcqlXbpsams¡ tNÀ¶XmWtÃm \yqP\tdj³ hmÀ¯. kcnXbn CsXÃmw tNcpw]Sn tNÀ¯n«papWvSv.

Cu kcnXmb\w (kcnXbpsS bm{X) hgn IgnªbmgvNIfn hmÀ¯bpsS It¼mf \nehmcw Xs¶ hmWwt]mse IpXn¨pbÀ¶p. km[mcWbmbn hmÀ¯IÄ ImWm¯hÀ t]mepw Ct¸mÄ Nm\epIfpsS ap¼n ImtXmÀ¯p, It®mÀ¯p Im¯ncn¡pIbmWv. an¶p¶sXÃmw s]m¶mbn ImWm³. NqSpw NqcpapÅ, kcnXbpsS ]pXp]p¯³ shfns¸Sp¯epIÄ tIÄ¡m\mbn. IpdntbS¯p Xm{Xn¡p«n t]mepw Hä izmk¯nemWp kvamÀ¯hnNmcw ]qÀ¯nbm¡nbXv. ]t£, kcnXbpsS kvamÀ¯ hnNmcw Ahkm\n¡p¶tXbnÃ.

ssZhtZmjw ]dbcpXtÃm, kwibtcmKapÅ Nne amXm]nXm¡Ä hmÀ¯IÄ¡p hoSpIfn CtXmsS hne¡p Iev]n¨p X§fpsS k´m\§fpsS Úm\k¼mZ\ tamls¯ XÃns¡Sp¯nbn«papWvSv. kcnXbpsS {]tNmZ\ Imhy§fn X§fpsS s]¬a¡Ä BIrjvScmbn t]mIpsa¶pÅ Bi¦bnÂ.

asämcp {]XnkÔnbpw Nm\epIÄ¡pWvSmbn«pWvSv. FâÀsSbn³saâv Nm\epIfnse {][m\ BIÀjWw kocnbepIfmWv. I®oÀþ kwLÀjþ ]oU\ þ t]mÀhnfn kocnbepIfpsS It¼mf \nehmcw IgnªbmgvN d_À hne t]mse CSnªpXIÀ¶p. CubnsSbmbn kocnb ImgvN¡mÀ hmÀ¯bntebv¡v Bthit¯msS adpIWvSw NmSnbXmWp ImcWw.

kocnbense ss{Iapw skIvkpw ZpcqlXbpsams¡ shdpw `mh\mhnemk§fmWv. ]t£, ]pXnb hmÀ¯mkocnben CsXÃmw ]¨bmb ]camÀYw. HcpXcw dnbmenän tjm! ]n¶mÀ¡p thWw kocnbepIÄ!

kcnX F¶ sken{_nänbpsS hfÀ¨ BImiw ap«pIbmWv. aq¶p kn\naIÄ¡p Icmdmbn. ]e Nm\epIfnepw AhXmcIbmWv. IS¶psNÃp¶nSps¯Ãmw P\w Cc¼nadnbp¶p. Hmt«m{Km^n\mbn Iyq. skÂ^n FSp¡m\pw _lfw. hm Xpd¶m ]dbp¶Xp ]nSns¨Sp¡m\mbn Nm\epIfpw ]{X§fpw. ]dbp¶sXms¡ tImSnIfpsS IY. AXn\m Xs¶, km¼¯nI `{ZXbv¡pw IpdhnÃ. B\µ e_v[n¡p asä´mWp thWvSXv?

IgnªbmgvN {][m\a{´n tIcf kµÀi\w \S¯n. \½psS kz´w BbpÀthZ NnInÕmcoXnIsf hmt\mfw DbÀ¯m³. tI{µa{´namcpw apJya{´nbS¡apÅ kwØm\ a{´namcpw ]s¦Sp¯ NS§n\p e`n¨Xn F{Xtbm Cc«n hmÀ¯m Øetam hmÀ¯m kabtam BWv AtXZnhkw km£m kcnXbv¡p \½psS am[ya§Ä \ÂInbXv. kzm`mhnIambpw {][m\a{´ntb¡mÄ henb \yqkvta¡À kcnX Xs¶!

Bk¶amb sXcsªSp¸n Cu kcnX Øm\mÀYnbmbn IqsSs¶m¶panÃ. kIe kÂKpW§fpsSbpw {]XoIambn kcnXsb AhXcn¸n¨m aXnbtÃm. sImÅ¡mcnbmb ^qe³tZhnbpw sIme]mXIt¡kn {]Xnbmb ]¸pbmZhpsams¡ Fw]namcmb \mSmWtÃm \½ptSXv.

kcnXbpÄs¸sSbpÅ hnfw_ctImf¼nIÄ ]dbp¶sXÃmw icnbmsWt¶m sXämsWt¶m At\zjn¡ms\m¶pw Rm³ sa\s¡Sp¶nÃ. AsXsâ tPmenbpaÃ. ]t£, HcmÄ asämcmsf¸än KpcpXcamb Btcm]W§fp¶bn¡pt¼mÄ, AXn hà Ig¼paptWvSm F¶p IznIv shcn^nt¡j³ \S¯m\pÅ _m[yX am[ya§Ä¡pWvSv. AXp Ignªnt« CcIÄ(Ipämtcm]nXÀ)s¡Xntc F^vsFBÀ a«nepw hnNmcW a«nepw hmÀ¯IÄ \nc¯mhq F¶pÅ Hscfnb \nÀtZiw am{Xw.

\nbaw ]Tn¨t¸mÄ In«nb Hcm]vX hmIyapWvSv. HmUn BÄ«dw ]mÀsSw þ adphiw IqSn tIÄ¡pI! tImSXn hyhØbnteXnt\¡mÄ am[ya§fnemWo X¯zw IqSpX {]tbmKnt¡WvSsX¶p tXm¶p¶p. adphiw IqSn Zbhmbn tIÄ¡pI. ImcWw sXmSp¡pt¼mÄ, H¶msW¦nepw CcbpsS ta ]Xn¡pt¼mÄ AXp ]¯mbpw \qdmbpw Bbncambpw Hs¡bmWv XdªptIdpI. CcIfpw a\pjycmWtÃm.

\mshSp¯m tImXbv¡p hmÀ¯bmIp¶Xp P\m[n]Xy kwc£W¯n\p H«pw tNÀ¶XÃ. ImcWw, ]{Xw a\pjysâ \m¡pw aq¡pw t\m¡pw Xz¡psams¡bmWv. _ehmsâbpw _elo\tâbpw B{ibtI{µw. ]{X§fnÃm¯ AhØsb¸än \ap¡p Nn´n¡mt\ IgnbnÃ. A§s\ h¶m \m«n Im«p\oXnbmWv.

Npcp¡¯nÂ, Bsc´p hnfn¨pIqhnbmepw AXp hmÀ¯bmbn amdp¶Xp icnbÃ. A§s\ h¶mÂ, hmÀ¯bpsS Pohizmkamb kXyw AYhm hkvXpX BßlXy sN¿pItbm sImesN¿s¸SpItbm BWv. AtXmsS hnizmkyX \jvSs¸Sp¶p. Cu hmÀ¯ icnbmtWm F¶pÅ Bi¦bpWvSmbm Xs¶ AX]ISIcamWv. AXn\m Zbhmbn adphiw IqSn tI«p hkvXpX Dd¸phcp¯m³ am[ya§Ä¡p _m[yXbpWvSv.

hnip² kz]v\§fpsS ]q¡mew

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knÌÀ kn_n knFwkn kp¸ocnbÀ P\dÂ

kzÀKob k¼¶XbpsS A]mcXbnÂ\n¶p ssZhw Hcp hn¯v `qanbnte¡v Fdnªp. kaÀ¸W¯nsâ B tamlhn¯v sN¶ptNÀ¶Xv Hcp Ip«\m«pImcsâ IÀjIa\knemWv. Hcn¡epw ad¶pIqSm¯ Hcp]mSv \·IÄ tIcf¯n\p k½m\n¨ hnip² Nmhd Ipcymt¡mkv Genbmkv F¶ Xm]k\mWv B IÀjI³. Cu Xm]khnip²sâ lrZb\ne¯phoW hn¯n\p ]n¶osS¶pw \qdpta\nbpsS sImbv¯pÕh§fmWv.

kaÀ¸nXhÀj¯nsâ hk´w Xncpk`bpsS lrZb¯n kpKÔw ]c¯nb Hcp Imebfhn\p kam]\ambn. IcpWbpsS IpSoc§fmbn k\ymk`h\§Ä Hcp§n¡gnªp. tIcf¯nsâ kakvXtaJeIfnepw BßobXbpsS AgIp hncnbn¨ Nmhdb¨\pw \mgnIbv¡p \mev]Xph«w "acn¨mepw ad¡nÃmt«m' F¶p a[pcambn ]dªp Xm³ Pohn¨ Imet¯bpw XpSÀ¶pw tamln¸n¨ Fhp{]mky½bpw hnip²nbpsS Aįmcbnte¡p {]thin¨pIgnªp. Bßobkt´mj§fpsS kam\IfnÃm¯ Hcp Ime¯neqsS k©cn¡pt¼mÄ H¶c \qämWvSn\pap¼v Iq\½mhn P·saSp¯ knFwkn k\ymkn\o kaqlw IrXÚX\ndª lrZbt¯msS ]n³hgnIsf kvacn¡pIbmWv.

1866 s^{_phcn 13þ\p tIcf¯n ss{IkvXhk\ymk¯nsâ Hcp ]pXnb A[ymbw FgpXnt¨À¯p. ASp¡fbnepw hoSnsâ ]n¶m¼pd§fneqw HXp§n¡gnª tIcf¯nse kv{Xokaql¯nsâ ssZhhnNmc§Ä¡v A¶v k\ymk¯nsâ tasem¸v ]Xnªp. CXv, \ndsb kpIrXw]q¯ Iq\½mhnse ]\¼paT¯nsâ Bßob]cnkcw. ChnsS 150 hÀj§Ä¡pap¼v s^{_phcn 13 sNmÆmgvN "IÀaeo¯m aq¶mw k`bnse I\ymkv{XoaTw' hnip² A½t{XkymbpsS \mat[b¯n DZvLmS\w sN¿s¸«p. hnip² Nmhd Ipcymt¡mkv Genbmk¨tâbpw hµy\mb setbmt¸mÄZv s_¡mtdm F¶ IÀaeo¯m anj\dnbpsSbpw ZÀi\]pWyamWp tIcf¯nse BZys¯ Cu k\ymkn\o `h\w.

Nmhdb¨sâ s]¬a¡Ä¡v C¶v hbkv 150. IqS¸nd¸pItf F¶pw Ipªp§tf F¶pw hnfn¨v hmÕeyw ]IÀ¶ ]nXmhnsâ ip²kvt\l¯nsâ HmÀaIÄ AhfpsS izmkXmfamWv. tIcf¡cbn \à ]pWyw IWvSp]Tn¯¯n\mbn At±lw Øm]n¨ ]pWykt¦Xamb knFwkn k\ymkm{ia¯nsâ amXrIbnepw ZÀi\¯nepw C¶v B{iaPohnX¯nsâ ]n³XpSÀ¨¡mÀ ChnsS GsdbpWvSv. hnhn[ am[ya§fneqsS AhÀ \S¯nb t{]jnXip{iqjIÄ Cu \mSnsâ ]pWyamWv. F{Xtbm XeapdIÄ AhcpsS ssIIfneqsSbpw I¬ap¼neqsSbpw IS¶pt]mbn. AhÀ ]IÀ¶p\ÂInb Úm\w F{Xb[nIw t]À¡p shfn]mSnsâ shfn¨ambn `hn¨p. AhcpsS kuJykv]Ài\§Ä Bßmhn\pw icoc¯n\pw Poh³ \ÂInb F{Xtbm A\p`hkm£y§Ä \ap¡p NpänepapWvSv. XIÀ¶Snª IpSpw__Ô§fn DbnÀs¯gpt¶Â¸nsâ Ir]]IÀ¶ kµÀ`§Ä Chbvs¡Ãmw D]cnbmWv. FÃmw ]hn{Xamb Hcp \ntbmKambn Cu Imebfhn \mw HmÀan¡pIbmWv.

C\nbpw Hcp]mSv t]tcmSp kaÀ¸nXbv¡p {]Xn_²XbpWvSv. A]am\n¡s¸Sp¶ kv{XoXz¯nsâ s\m¼c§fnte¡pw XIÀs¯dnbs¸Sp¶ bphP\§fpsS kz]v\§fnte¡pw C\nbpw a\knem¡s¸SmsX t]mIp¶ Ip«nIfpsS sXämb hfÀ¨Ifnte¡pw amXm]nXm¡fpsS Häs¸SepIfnte¡pw AhÄ Pm{KXtbmsS IS¶psN¶psImWvSncn¡p¶p. imkv{Xþ kmt¦XnI hnZyIÄ F{X hfÀ¶psh¶v AhImis¸«mepw, kaqlw F{X ]ptcmKan¨mepw, aämÀ¡pw ssIImcyw sN¿m\mhm¯ AhfpsS IcpXepw {i²bpw Im¯pIgnbp¶ kz´w IÀataJebmWnXv. ImeL«¯nsâ {]iv\§tfmSp {InbmßIambn {]XnIcn¡pt¼mÄ AhÄ sXcphneebp¶ a¡Äs¡m¸hpw A\ykwØm\s¯mgnemfnIfpsS AhImi§Ä¡pthWvSn i_vZapbÀ¯p¶hfmbpw A[nImctI{µ§fnse Xpd¡m¯ hmXnepIfn ap«p¶hfmbpw C¶p {]Xy£s¸Sp¶p. tbiphns\ C¶pw Pohn¡p¶h\mbn temI¯n AhXcn¸n¡m³, Xsâ ktlmZcoktlmZc·mcpsS apJ§fn ssZh¯nsâ Ombsb IWvSp ]cnNcn¡m³, kaÀ¸nXÀ \nc´cw Pm{KXtbmsS cwK¯pWvSv.

H¶c \qämWvSn\ptijhpw \mw hnfshSp¯psImWvSncn¡p¶Xp hnip² Nmhd Ipcyt¡mkv Genbmkv F¶ Xm]ksâ lrZb¯n hoW A\´XbpsS kv]Àiapff B BZyhn¯n \n¶mWv. Cu \m«nse kaÀ¸nXPohnX¯nsâ XpS¡¡mcmhpI F¶Xp knFwknbpsS `mKy\ntbmKambncp¶p. Iq\½mhnse ]\¼paTw kv{XoIÄ¡mbpÅ k\ymk`h\¯nsâ XdhmSmbn amdn. 1888 Pqsse aq¶n\p Iq\½mhv t_mÀUnwKn Xmakn¨p ]Tn¡m³ Im«qcn \ns¶¯nb s]¬ss]XemWv hnip² Fhp{]mky F¶Xv Hcp Ncn{X\ntbmKw.

knFwknbpsS hnZym`ymk¡fcnbn cq]s¸« hnÚm\tPymXnkmWv Fhp{]mky½. kz´w B´cnItemIs¯ sXfnª `mjbneqsS ad\o¡n¡mWn¨ Bßmhnsâ Fgp¯pImcnbmWv A½. kv{Xo]£ cN\IfpsS Cu ]p¯³ XcwK¯nepw Ahkm\whsc thdn«p\n¡p¶ X\nabpw Hcn¡epw tNmZyw sN¿s¸Sm\mhm¯ BßmÀYXbpw B cN\IÄ¡pWvSv.

k\ymkkaql§Ä¡p cq]w \ÂIpt¼mÄ Nmhd Ipcymt¡mkv Genbmk¨\v Hcp kz]v\apWvSmbncp¶p. tIcfk`bn hnip²cpWvSmhpI. AXp kpKÔapÅ kz]v\ambncp¶p. hnip²cptSbpw hmgv¯s¸«hcptSbpw ssZhZmkcptSbpw \ncIÄ \ofpIbmWv. HSphnembn GIoIrX knFwknbpsS {]Ya kp¸ocnbÀ P\d aZÀ tacn skensâ \maIcW\S]SnIÄ XpS§phm³ t]mIp¶p. CXp knFwkn itXm¯c kphÀWPq_nen Ahkc¯n e`n¨ Hcp henb A\p{KlamWv.

ssZhIr]bpsS \nebv¡m¯ kvacWItfmsS knFwkn \qä¼XmWvSpIÄ ]n¶nSpt¼mÄ tIcf¡cbnse apgph³ kaÀ¸nXkaql§fpw AhfpsS lrZb¯nepWvSv. itXm¯c kphÀW Pq_nenbpsS Du BtLmj\ndhn a\knsâ kvarXntImWn sXfnbp¶Xp Ncn{Xambn amdnb ]\¼paThpw I¶nkpJw sImXns¨¯nb \mep kv{XoIfpw ]ns¶ ssZh\ntbmKw s\t©änhm§nb Øm]I]nXm¡·mcpsS ]qPykm¶n[yhpamWv.

Ip«\mS³ IÀjIÀ¡p {]Xo£tbIn A´ÀtZiob ImbÂ\ne KthjWtI{µw

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^m.tXmakv ]oenbm\n¡Â (FIvknIyq«ohv UbdIvSÀ Ip«\mSv hnIk\ kanXn)

sFIycmjv{Sk`bpsS ^pUv B³Uv A{KnIĨÀ HmÀKss\tkj³ (F^v.F.H) Ip«\mSns\ BtKmf {]m[m\yapÅ ImÀjnI ss]XrI knÌambn 2013 {]Jym]n¨p. ]mcnØnXnI XIÀ¨, P\kwJymhÀ[\, BtKmfhXvIcWw XpS§nbhbpsS ^eambn A]ISmhØbnembns¡mWvSncn¡p¶ Irjn`qansbbpw Irjnsbbpw ImÀjnI kwkvImc sshhn[y§sfbpw kwc£n¨pw IcpXtemsSbpw hnthIt¯msSbpw D]tbmKn¨pw `mhnXeapdbv¡p ssIamdpI F¶ e£yt¯msSbmWv F^vFH Hcp {]tZis¯ BtKmf ImÀjnI ss]XrIknÌambn AwKoIcn¡pIbpw {]Jym]n¡pIbpw sN¿p¶Xv. 2002 emWv F^v.F.H Cu ]²Xn BhnjvIcn¨Xv. temIamsI 31 BtKmf ImÀjnI ss]XrI tI{µ§Ä DWvSv. 18 F®w Gjybnepw Bsd®w B{^n¡bnepw As©®w P¸m\nepw csWvS®w sXt¡ Atacn¡bnepamWv.

AXXp {]tZi§fn e`yamb {]IrXn hn`h§sf B{ibn¨pw AhnsS A\phÀ¯n¨pt]mcp¶ ]c¼cmKX k{¼Zmb§sfbpw coXnIsfbpw s]mcp¯s¸Sp¯nbpw XeapdIfmbn IÀjIÀ cq]s¸Sp¯nb khntij Irjn k{¼Zmb¯n\pw `qLS\bv¡pw BtKmfXe¯n e`n¡p¶ AwKoImcamWv C¯cw {]Jym]\¯neqsS kw`hn¡p¶Xv.

Ip«\mS³ ImÀjnI `qan kap{Z\nc¸n\v 2.25 aoäÀ XmsgbmWp InS¡p¶Xv. Xoc{]tZiw, \nch[n \ZnIÄ, hnkvXrXamb s\ÂhbepIÄ, ImbepIÄ, NXp¸pIÄ, Ipf§Ä, ssIt¯mSpIÄ, hc¼pIÄ, Ic`qan ChsbÃmw \ndª hyXykvXamb Hcp Ft¡m knÌamWv Ip«\mSn\pÅXv. \qämWvSpIÄ¡pap¼v A¶s¯ IÀjIÀ kzbw hnIkn¸ns¨Sp¯ Irjnk{¼ZmbamWv sNfnsImWvSv ]pdw_WvSv \nÀan¨v AXn\pÅnse shÅw N{Iw Nhn«n hän¨pÅ AXnITn\amb kmlknI Irjnk{¼Zmbw.

sX§n³ IpänIfpw apf¦mepIfpw Ihp§n³ IjW§fpw NpÅn¡¼pIfpw Hme¡odpIfpw aäpw D]tbmKn¨ \mS³ ssienbn \nÀan¨ CcpthenIÄ¡pÅn Imbensâ ASn¯«n ap§n Ip¯nsbSp¡p¶ I« (sNfn) \nd¨p hnZKv[ IÀjIs¯mgnemfnIfpsS klmbt¯msS \nÀan¨ _WvSpIÄ AZv`pXIcamWv.

Cu _WvSpIÄ shÅs¸m¡¯n \n¶pw D¸pshůnÂ\n¶pw s\ÂIrjnsb c£n¡p¶tXmsSm¸w PekkyþPePohn k¼¯ns\ kwc£n¡p¶p. _WvSpIfn hfcp¶ sX§v, aªapfIÄ, IWvS¡mSpIÄ, h«n¸pÃv, ssIX, ]cp¯n XpS§nbh s\¸mS§sf kwc£n¡p¶ ssPhthenIfpw Bbnc¡W¡n\p ]£nIfpsS A`btI{µ§fpamIp¶p. ]n¶oSv Icn¦Ãpw tIm¬{Ioäpw sImWvSpÅ hnIk\ {]hÀ¯\§Ä Ip«\m«nte¡p IS¶ph¶tXmsS _WvSpIfpsS hi§fnepWvSmbncp¶ ssPhk¼¯pw DÄ\mS³ aÕyk¼¯pw \in¸n¡s¸«p.

hnkvXrXambn ]c¶p InS¡p¶ Imb s\ÂhbepIÄ , P\hmk apÅ sIm¨psIm¨p h«¯pcp¯pIÄ, \ZnIÄ, sNdptXmSpIÄ F¶nh]IÀ¶pXcp¶ Zriy`wKnbpw ss]XrI¯nsâ khntijXIfmWv. Irjn¸m«pIfpw hÅwIfn¸m«pw PetafIfpw sImXp¼phŧfpw NpWvS³ hŧfpw FÃmw Ip«\mS³ ss]XrI¯nsâ ASbmf§fmWv.

F^vFH Ip«\mSns\ BtKmfImÀjnI ss]XrIknÌambn {]Jym]n¨Xnsâ aq¶mw hÀj¯n kwØm\ kÀ¡mÀ Ip«\m«n A´ÀtZiob Imb Irjn\ne KthjWþ]cnioe\tI{µw’’ Bcw`n¡pIbmWv. CXnsâ \nÀamtWmZvLmS\w C¶p as¦m¼v s\ÂKthjW tI{µ¯n apJya{´n D½³NmWvSn \nÀhln¡pw. Ip«\mSn\v BtKmfImÀjnI ss]XrI ]Zhn t\SnsbSp¡m³ ap³ssIsbSp¯ tUm. Fw.Fkv.kzman\mY\pw ]s¦Sp¡p¶pWvSv.

kwØm\t¯¡mhiyamb AcnbpsS 37 iXam\w s\Ãd F¶dnbs¸Sp¶ Ip«\mSnsâ kw`mh\bmWv. Icnao³, BäpsIm©v, aª¡qcn, hmf, hcmÂ, Xqfn XpS§nb aÕy§Ä Peaen\oIcWw aqew hwi\miw t\cn«psImWvSncn¡p¶p. Ip«\mSnsâ X\Xmb DÄ\mS³ aÕyk¼¯nsâ ]p\cp²mcWw Cu KthjW tI{µ¯nsâ {][m\ ZuXyamWv. th¼\m«pImbensâ ASn¯«v hnhn[ C\w I¡IÄ sImWvSv k¼¶amWv. Idp¯ I¡bpsS Cd¨n tiJcn¨p hnäp D]Poh\w \S¯p¶hÀ [mcmfapWvSv. shfp¯ I¡ th¼\m«Imbensâ am{Xw {]tXyIXbmWv.

Ip«\mS³ Xmdmhv, {]tXyIn¨v Ip«\mSnsâ A`nam\hpw kz´hpamb Nmcbpw sN¼Ãnbpw C\¯nÂs¸« XmdmhpIÄ kwc£n¡s¸SWw. Hcp s\ÂIrjn¡ptijw ao³Irjn F¶ ]²Xn Hcp s\Ãpw Hcp ao\pw F¶dnbs¸Sp¶p. s\ÂIrjn¡ptijw shÅw Ibän ap¡nbnSp¶ ]mStiJc¯n ]pÃv Xn¶p¶ {KmkvImÀ¸v, Ip«\mS³ BäpsIm©v F¶nh Irjn sNbvXm s\Ãpw sIm©pw ssPhambn¯ocp¶p.

ImemhØm hyXnbm\w aqew kap{ZhnXm\w A]ISIcamb hn[¯n Dbcm\pÅ km[yX imkv{XtemIw ap¶n¡mWp¶p. kap{Z\nc¸v {]XnhÀjw 2.6 anÃnaoädn\pw 2.9 anÃnaoädn\pw CSbn DbÀ¶psImWvSncn¡p¶Xmbpw ]T\§Ä hyàam¡p¶p. Cu kmlNcy¯n D¸pshůnse IrjncoXn IsWvSt¯WvSXmbn«pWvSv. AXn\p tbmPn¨ s\Ãn\§Ä hnIkn¸n¡WwþCsXÃmw Cu tI{µ¯nsâ D¯chmZnXz§fnÂs]Spw.

Irjn\miw, {]IrXnt£m`w, a®nse A\nb{´nXamb ]pfnbnf¡w XpS§nbh t\cnSm³ IÀjIÀ¡p ]p¯³ kmt¦XnI Úm\hpw ]cnioe\hpw Cu tI{µw \ÂIpsa¶p {]Xo£n¡mw. Hcn¡Â Irjn sNbvXncp¶Xpw `uXnIkmlNcy¯n h¶ amähpw Irjn\mihpw aqew Irjn Dt]£n¡s¸«Xpamb hbepIÄ (NXp¸pIÄ) ]p\cpÖohn¸n¡m\pÅ ]²XnIÄ DWvSmIWw.

kmÀIv cmPy§fmb A^vKm\nØm³, ]mInØm³, {ioe¦, _w¥mtZiv, `q«m³, t\¸mÄ F¶nhnS§fnsebpw amenZzo]v, e£Zzo]v XpS§nb {]tZi§fnsebpw IÀjIÀ¡v ChnsS ]cnioe\w t\Sm³ Ignbpw.

\½psS ]e KthjWØm]\§fpsSbpw KXn Cu A´mcmjv{SKthjW tI{µ¯n\pw DWvSmhpIbnsöpw kap{ZhnXm\¯n\p Xmsg IrjnsNbvXp kaqls¯ Xoänt¸mäp¶ IÀjIÀ¡p Bßhnizmkhpw Bßss[cyhpw \ÂIm\pw Irjn A´ÊpäXpw Pohn¡m\mhiyamb hcpam\w \ev¡p¶XpamsW¶v Dd¸m¡m\pw Cu tI{µ¯nse KthjW§fpw ]T\§fpw klmbn¡psa¶p {]Xo£n¡mw.

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